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PROGRAM PENINGKATAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK SPM

TAHUN 2013



FIZIK

Kertas 3


PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN


















Peraturan pemarkahan ini mengandungi 7 halaman bercetak
Set A
2


SECTION A

NO MARKING CRITERIA
MARK
SUB TOTAL
1(a) (i) State the manipulated variable
- mass / m 1


(ii) State the responding variable
- time for 20 oscillations / t // period / T // T
2
1


(iii) State a constant variable
- length of hacksaw blade // Force constant // 1 3

distance between plasticine and G-clamp


(b) (i) Record five values of t
Diagram 1.2 : 13.8
Diagram 1.3 : 18.8
Diagram 1.4 : 22.6
Diagram 1.5 : 26.0
Diagram 1.6 : 28.8
2 2
Note: Any three readings correct, award 1 mark


(ii) Record five T consistent in 2 decimal places


Diagram 1.2 : 0.69

Diagram 1.3 : 0.94
Diagram 1.4 : 1.13

Diagram 1.5 : 1.30

Diagram 1.6 : 1.44
2 2
Note: Not consistent readings award 1 mark
Accept e.c.f. from (b)(i)


(iii) Record five values of T
2

Diagram 1.2 : 0.48

Diagram 1.3 : 0.88

Diagram 1.4 : 1.28

Diagram 1.5 : 1.69

Diagram 1.6 : 2.07
1 1



(c) Tabulate the results
- Heading for m, t , T and T
2
1
- State all the units of m, t , T and T
2
correctly 1 2

m / g t / s T / s T
2
/ s
2

50 13.8 0.69 0.48
100 18.8 0.94 0.88
150 22.6 1.13 1.28
200 26.0 1.30 1.69
250 28.8 1.44 2.07



















3
(d) Draw a complete graph of T
2
against m
5

Tick () based on the following aspects

A Show T
2
on vertical-axis and m on the horizontal-axis
B State the units of the variables correctly
C Both axes are marked with uniform scale
D All five points are plotted correctly
(Note: If only three points plotted correctly, award )



E Best straight line is drawn
F Show the minimum size of graph at least 5 x 4
(2 cm x 2 cm) square
(counted from the origin until the furthest point)

Score :
Number of Score
7 5
5-6 4
3-4 3
2 2
1 1


(e) State the correct relationship between T
2
and m
T
2
increases linearly with m 1 1
16































4


NO MARKING CRITERIA
MARK
SUB TOTAL
2(a) (i) State the relationship between T and x

- R increases linearly with
I
1

1 1
(b) (i)
State the value of R when
I
1
= 0

- Show graphical extrapolation correctly 1
- State the value of
R = - 0.2 // 0.2

1


(ii) State the name correctly
- Internal resistance / r / -r

1 3
(c) State the value of I when R = 0.6 within the acceptable range
- Show graphical intrapolation correctly 1

- State the value
I
1
within acceptable range

I
1
= (0.26 0.28) A
-1


1


- State the value I within acceptable range
I = (3.6 3.8) A

1 3
(d) (i) Calculate the gradient of the graph, m and state the value of m
within the acceptable range

- Draw a sufficiently large triangle at least 3 x 3 (2 cm x 2 cm)
square

1

- Correct substitution (follow candidates triangle)
Sample answer:
m =
07 . 0 5 . 0
0 28 . 1






1

- State the correct value / answer with correct unit
(2.95 3.05) A / V


1


(ii) State the value of E correctly using the given formula
E = gradient = (2.95 3.05)
Accept e.c.f. for m

1

4

(e) State the correct precaution
- Ensure all the connections in the circuits are tight
- Place the eyes perpendicularly to the scale of voltmeter and
the ammeter
- Repeat the experiments and calculate the average value


1



1

12





5
SECTION B

NO MARKING CRITERIA
MARK
SUB TOTAL
3 (a) State a suitable inference
- Depth affects the pressure in a liquid // Depth affects the thickness
of the wall
1 1

(b) State a relevant hypothesis
- The bigger the depth, the higher the pressure in the liquid. 1 1

(c) Describe a complete suitable experimental framework
(i) State the aim of experiment
To investigate the relationship between the depth of water and its
pressure


1


(ii) State the manipulated variable and the responding variable
Manipulated variable : Depth
Responding variable : Pressure (height between water levels in
a manometer)

State the constant variable
Constant variable : density of water


1



1


(iii) List out the important apparatus and materials
Metre rule, manometer, measuring cylinder, water, thistle funnel,
rubber membrane

1


(iv) Draw a functional arrangement of apparatus


















1




(v) State the method to control the manipulated variable
Push the thistle funnel into the water to a depth, h = 10 cm.


1


State the method to measure the responding variable
Measure the height, y, between the water levels in the manometer
with a metre rule.

1


Repeat the experiment at least four times
Repeat steps 1 and 2 with h = 20 cm, 30 cm, 40 cm and 50 cm


1

Water
Air
Rubber membrane
Membran getah
Meter rule
Pembaris meter
Thistle funnel
Corong tisel
Measuring cylinder
Silinder penyukat
h
Manometer
Manometer
Rubber tube
Tiub getah
6

(vi) State how the data is tabulated

h

y
10
20
30
40
50







1


(vii) State how the data is analysed
Plot a graph of y against h.

1

10

12


NO MARKING CRITERIA
MARK
SUB TOTAL
4 (a) Able to state a suitable inference
The number of turns of wire in the secondary coil affects the
output voltage

1

1

(b) Able to state a suitable hypothesis
The greater the number of turns of wire in the secondary coil, the
greater the output voltage

1

1

(c) Able to describe a complete experimental framework

(i)
State the aim of experiment
To investigate the relationship between number of turns of wire
in the secondary coil and the output voltage

1


(ii) State the manipulated variable and the responding variable

Manipulated : number of turns of wire in secondary coil, N
Responding : output voltage, V
1



State the constant variable

The number of turns of wire in the primary coil 1
(iii) State the complete list of apparatus and materials
(AC) voltmeter , ac power supply 1

(iv) Draw a functionable arrangement of the apparatus















1
V
Soft iron core Secondary coil Primary coil
7
(v) State the method of controlling the manipulated variable

1. Use 900-turns copper coil as the primary coil and 100 turns of
secondary coil of a transformer

1

State the method of measuring the responding variable

2. The switch is on and the output voltage is measured by using
a voltmeter.
1

Repeat the experiment at least four times



3. The experiment is repeated by using copper coil with 200
turns, 300 turns, 400 turns and 500 turns as the secondary coil
and same number of primary coil.
1


(vi) Tabulate the data

Number of turns of wire in
secondary coil, N
Output voltage, V / V
100
200
300
400
500


1
(vii) State how data is analysed
A graph of V against N is drawn

1

10

12