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PROJECTS PROPOSAL 200 9

APPRECIATION Firstly, thanks to god Allah S.W.T. Finally, we have finished our complete report about this project called MINI DRYER. Before proceed to the next chapter and discussing more details about this project. We would like to thanks to Mr. Nurul Zaidi B. Hj Kasbolah as our supervisor that have give us so much tips and guiding us to the successful of this project and had been accepted by our juries on projects proposal presentation before. Besides, we are also thanks to our Seminars Lecturer Mr. Ahmad Azahan B. Mohamad. There are a lot of comments and critics that always make us become a better person than yesterday and day by day. Honestly your own style of critism makes us realize about our past mistake that were always done. Once again, without this two important guys Mr. Zaidi and Mr. Azahan, we do not think that we can do better than just make a piece of crap project. Thanks again. With all your comments, we will adapt it on our project and also for our future life that involve this kind of things.

Thanks,

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ORGANIZATION CHART SUPERVISOR MR. NURUL ZAIDI BIN HJ KASBOLAH

GROUPS LEADER MOHD FIKRI BIN SHAHARANI (01DEM06F533)

GROUPS MEMBERS KHAIRUL ALLIF BIN ROSLAN (01DEM06F059) ROSMAWATI BINTI AMINUDDIN (01DEM07F031) BEH LAI SHENG (01DEM07F043) MOHD RIAZ BIN MOHD JASNI (01DEM07F016) MOHD IKHSAN BIN ABDUL MUTALIB (01DEM05F520)

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ABSTRACT

This MINI DRYER is a machine that specially designed to help people drying their wet clothes such as stocking, bra, underpants, tie and others. Besides, this machine is smaller and more portable compared by usually other washing machine. Its also able to dry small clothes in around 60-70 percent drying.This machine also allow people to bring it along wherever they want to go because its so handly. This dryer machines maintenance doesnt involve any high cost to maintain it in good condition.

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CHAPTER 1 :

INTRODUCTION

1.1

Introduction

As everyone knows, weather in Malaysia nowadays is so unpredictable. For example, when raining season comes, theres a lot of problem will affects several people including those from students and others that using a motorcycle and have to ride along way back home in rain. This situation will cause their important clothes that need to wear everyday get wet in this condition. Mini clothes that they need to wear everyday such as tie, stocking, or scarf/tudung, that are usually didnt need to wash it everyday will get wet. As we all know, several people like students, didnt have much money to buy that kind of clothes and usually will wear it over and over again without change it and wash it. So, when there are no more clothes to wear and all clothes got left was get wet, it will cause problem to them. Thats why this idea is to build or made a one dryer machine that is compaq and portable and also will be a machine that anyone can buy especially the students and bachelors that didnt have much money to buy a washing machine. This simple dryer machine helps the consumer dry their clothes in just a few minutes. The original concept of this machine, basically takes from blender, washing machine and thumbler dryer that are using on industries.

Combination of mechanism of thumbler dryer and washing machine.

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1.2

Objective

Next, there are some objective will be list out and will be achieve after all the project about this MINI DRYER finish : The machine that can dry the simple clothes such as tie, stocking, and others in just an easy way from the motor that moving fast and spin the spinner will make the all clothes become dry faster than usually and that can bring along together wherever we go, even in a jungle and using a right accessories as a power supply to make it work such as generator and etc. Helping IPTA or IPTS students and also the individual who are just get a job and still in unstable condition in a term of money and didnt have enough money to buy a washing machine. This MINI DRYER, cheaper if compare it with others washing machine cause its just a simple machine and not the complex one.

1.3

Background Problems

As an explanation about previous subtopic that had been discussed, based on introduction that had been mention before, the background problems that cause to build this projects is because the condition of weather and as a person itself. We realize that weather in Malaysia usually is so unstable this lately. Normally nowadays as we can see, rainy seasons come suddenly without we can predict it. Thats why this machine has been created to help certain people and of course, our target is a person who looking for low budget dryer machine and can bring it along wherever they want to go with easy operational. Besides, with this machine, we hope that we can change our Malaysian perspective about a better way how to dry the wet clothes in minimum time. As we know, lot of peoples nowadays that are using old style to dry their wet clothes using an iron. With this machine, we can dry our wet clothes with a single button and just sit relaxed and waiting the machine finish the job. Obviously, we can see from this way of how to drying wet clothes, its better than the old one. It looks more modern and efficient. Next, the design of this machine are so simple and can bring along with wherever and also very helpful when in desperate situation or condition like at the jungle and so on.

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1.4

Projects Scope

Next will be list out the projects scope. This projects scope is about the target of the consumer for this project. Students from IPTA/IPTS that didnt stay at the hostel and live at rented house that didnt have this kind of service. For bachelors or graduation that just having a new job and still in unstable finance condition. Certain people that dont have enough money to afford a full automatic washing machine and just looking for low budget dryer machine that are so portable. Individual that always go for outstation and need to attend important seminar that always have to change their accommodation.

1.5 1.5.1 1.5.2

Advantages And Disadvantages Advantages Drying wet clothes in just a few minutes. Portable. Can bring along together wherever. Simple design and can save more space. Very handly. Only using a few step to operate it. Easy maintenance because theres no complex structure and electrical circuit. Disadvantages Probably the clothes that want to dry using this machine didnt achieve 100% dry. Maybe this machine just can dry the clothes around 60-70%. Required intensive care in its inside part.

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Unsuitable handled by childrens.

CHAPTER 2 :

LITERATURE RESEARCH

2.1

Introduction

This Literature Research will show about researching at this project especially at all part and component we use at this system. We must to make a complete research because we want to use a suitable part and component for use at this project and if we have a little research we cant know what the best component and part we can use this project.

2.2

Domain Introduction

Further will be described on the other hand on literature study has been made about this project information monitoring. This study made based on some of the ones that were made whether on the Internet and from that yarn party and dab in field as such. Overall, reference on this project have surrounded from aspect design, application, and mechanism how it function.

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From the figure above this showed cross section for an automatic washing machine fundamentally. From aspect mechanism movement in this machine drying were taken in help to produce this Mini Dryer. Design Mini Dryer machine 's original this also already taken based on of this washing machine.

2.3

Automatic Washing Machine Fundamentally

Like those known, this Mini Dryers machine overall based on of present automatic washing machine. Most aspects have taken based on of this washing machine, from aspect design, mechanism movement, concept and others were taken. Further, will be described fundamentally on mechanism automatic that present washing machine movement: 1. Those clothes want to be washed and is dried and admitted into machine. 2. Machine is start according to clothes quantity and how many clothes included. 3. Machine function with in his beginning motor move by way of something cleaning and further turn with faster for drying process. 4. Those clothes have been completed being washed and dried dropped from machine with drying average as much as 80%.

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shows automatic washing machine cross section fundamentally.

2.4

Component Type Used

In this subtopic, it will be described study of key component part will be applied to into this Mini Dryer 's machine. Further, explained fundamentally on hardware or key component will be used.

2.5

Motor

After making study motor what suitable to be used, motor washing machine were created choice because the design is small and more powerful. It even more suitable compared with other motors a bigger one. SF- Washing Machine Motor

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Specification Rated Rated Rated Rated Rated speed ofElectric power noisedB(/A) voltage(v) frequency(Hz) current(A) rotation(RPM) capacity input(W) 50 50 0.6 1350 4 45

Model

XDT-50 220

2.6

Advantage And Disadvantage In Present Washing Machine

2.6.1

Advantage Can wash clothes in high quantity.


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2.6.2 Can wash a dirty clothes. Disadvantages Cannot dry the cloth completely. A machine size is big. Required a big space. Higher maintenance cost. Expensive.

CHAPTER 3 :

METADOLOGY PERFORMANCE

3.1

Introduction
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After finish describe about the Literatur investigation, the next subtopic is about Metodology Performance. It is refer to the Literatur Investigation before. Metodology Performance means that the movement system, structure, entrails mechanism and tools or the main components that use refer to the investigation we do before. Metadology is one method for a system which translate from the input which given to make a output which we want.

Example of the Mini Dryer Machine base from the washing machine structure and it is smaller than washing machine and easy to remove it from a place to a place.

3.2

Entrails Mechanism
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Structure and the movement mechanism of the machine mostly refer to the washing machine automatic that we use now. Now will be explained about how the Entrails Mechanism of the machine with its functions. 1. Clothes that need to dry is put into the Mini Dryer. 2. Switch on the system. 3. Motor of Mini Dryer will start to spin about 5-10 minutes. 4. Mostly the time of the drying or spinning process need to depend to the quality of the clothes because if have a lot of clothes need to spin, it will take a lot of time. 5. Entrails Mechanism, normally is refer to the drying process of the washing machine. 6. After finish the drying process, clothes will dry in about 60%-70%.

Example of the main components that use in the Mini Dryer Machine.

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3.3

MOVEMENT MECHANISM

Clothes that need to dry is put into Mini Dryer.

Switch on the system.

Motor will start to function with the spin that connect to it.

Spinner will spin about 5-10 minutes to evade the water from the clothes.

Process Mini Dryer finish..

Clothes id ready to take out from the Mini Dryer.

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3.4 Tools and Components Used in Mini Dryer 1. Motor AC 2. Spinner (Plastic) 3. Spinner Cover (Plastic) 4. Mild Steel (body of the machine) 5. Aluminium 6. Switch 7. Rubber 8. Motor Circuit

Example of the 3 phase motor circuit that use in washing machine.


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CHAPTER 4 :

PROJECT DESIGNATION

4.1

INTRODUCTION In this chapter are elaborate more about the design, the drawing of the project, the circuits

that are related to this project and the operational system of this project. We have to discuss a few aspect to execute in our project design process to made a decision the suitable design. We have doing a discussion after a few early idea have investigate and make sure there is no problem in our project while group present. After we know the problem and the weakness, we have do some investigation to our project. Designs can definition as principle scientific, technical information and imagination or design. Meaning of the word design is; a) Create i. ii. iii. To shape something creation. New (research, science) Old (to renew)

b) Shape i. ii. iii. Utilize science and mathematic Engineering process Economy
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4.2

The Mini Dryer Design

300 mm

500 mm

Side View

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280 mm 300 mm

Top View of Spinner

Isometric View

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4.3

Specification

Motor spinner

Type Rated Voltage Rated current Rated speed

single phase 220 v 0.6 ampere 1350 rpm

Body Mini Dryer

Type High Width Thickness

Aluminium 500 mm 450 mm 20 mm

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CHAPTER 5 :

PART AND COMPONENT

5.1

MOTOR AC SPINNER

An electrical motor in the 1/3 to 3/4 Horse Power range typically powers your washing machine. These motors require a 220 Volt electrical connection. The washing machine motor is connected to a set of control switches and safety switches. The control switches allow you to set the speed and duration of the wash and spin cycles. The safety switches engage to shut the machine off if the lid is opened or the water level is too high. Some machines will also have an excess vibration cut-off switch.

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MOTOR AC FOR SPINNER

5.2

CAPACITOR

A capacitor or condenser is a passive electronic component consisting of a pair of conductors separated by a dielectric. When a voltage potential difference exists between the conductors, an electric field is present in the dielectric. This field stores energy and produces a mechanical force between the plates. The effect is greatest between wide, flat, parallel, narrowly separated conductors. An ideal capacitor is characterized by a single constant value, capacitance, which is measured in farads. This is the ratio of the electric charge on each conductor to the potential difference between them. In practice, the dielectric between the plates passes a small amount of

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leakage current. The conductors and leads introduce an equivalent series resistance and the dielectric has an electric field strength limit resulting in a breakdown voltage. Capacitors are widely used in electronic circuits to block the flow of direct current while allowing alternating current to pass, to filter out interference, to smooth the output of power supplies, and for many other purposes. They are used in resonant circuits in radio frequency equipment to select particular frequencies from a signal with many frequencies.

AC MOTOR CAPACITOR

5.3

BODY (ALUMINIUM)

Aluminium alloys are alloys in which aluminium is the predominant metal. Typical alloying elements are copper, zinc, manganese, silicon, and magnesium. There are two principal classifications, namely casting alloys and wrought alloys, both of which are further subdivided into the categories heat-treatable and non-heat-treatable. About 85% of aluminium is used for wrought products, for example rolled plate, foils and extrusions. Cast aluminium alloys yield cost effective products due to the low melting point, although they generally have lower tensile strengths than wrought alloys. The most important cast aluminium alloy system is Al-Si, where
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the high levels of silicon (4-13%) contribute to give good casting characteristics. Aluminium alloys are widely used in engineering structures and components where light weight or corrosion resistance is required. Aluminium alloy surfaces will keep their apparent shine in a dry environment due to the formation of a clear, protective oxide layer. In a wet environment, Galvanic corrosion can occur when an aluminium alloy is placed in electrical contact with other metals with a more negative corrosion potential than aluminium. Aluminium alloy compositions are registered with The Aluminum Association. Many organizations publish more specific standards for the manufacture of aluminium alloy, including the Society of Automotive Engineers standards organization, specifically its aerospace standards subgroups, and ASTM International.

Aluminium Alloy

5.4

PROJECT COSTING

No

Description

Quantity

Price / unit (RM)

Total

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(RM) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 7. 8. Motor AC Capacitor Push button Aluminium Alloy 3x6 Timer Spinner Others TOTAL ( RM ) 1 1 1 2 1 1 70 5 20 30 15 50 70 5 20 60 15 50 100 320

CHAPTER 6 :

CONCLUSION

6.1

Conclusion

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In conclusion, the electric element and mechanical have found used from this project. All the problems have been solved by using the theories that have learned. In order to finish up this project, we have referred to individuals which is expert in this field. It make more confidence while doing thing this project. Hope with this project, it may help the youth to do washing machine job everywhere either if outrange from house. This is because of our portable washing machine. While project proposal in progress we get a lot of things about this project. Furthermore, our group gave a lot of commitment and cooperation one another.

REFERENCE

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En Nurul Zaidi Bin Hj Kasbolah, Jabatan Kejuruteraan Mekanikal lecturer, Politeknik Ungku Omar.

Mr Lim, sales assistant shenheng road white sand Cik Nadia, Taman Cempaka laundry 's shop assistant. http://home.howstuffworks.com/how-to-repair-a-washing-machine.htm http://www.samsung.com http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washing_machine http://www.moresales.com.my http://www.electronicsforu.com/EFYLinux/circuit/sep2003/cir-5-washing.pdf

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ATTACHMENT PROJECT PLANNING GHANT CHART Week Affair

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Design Planning Design Implementation Project Discussion Problem Discussion Doing Investigation At Project Doing A Modified Report Planning

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Proposal Report Implementation

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