Network ========= It is a group of devices interconnected to each other to share resources among them.

A network can be divided into various types they are 1.LAN- Local Area Network 2.MAN- Metro Area Network 3.WAN- Wide Area Network 4.CAN- Campus Area Network 5.PAN- Personel Area Network 1.Local Area Network ====================== This network is confined to a single building or an organization. The components which you are using to create LAN 1.PC 2.NIC/Ethernet Card/LAN Card 3.Cable 4.RJ-45 5.HUB/SWITCH 2.Metro Area Network ==================== A metro area network is confined to city limits. The components which we can use in metro area network 1.WAP - Wireless Access Point 2.Cable Network 3.Wide Area Network ==================== This network is not confine it is through out the world. The components which you are using WAN is 1.Routers 2.ATM Switches

Reliability .CAN .Terminal Emulation 4.Campus Area Network ============================= This network is confine to a single university or a college.Outlook Express 3. That is how the network devi -http -SMTP.PAN ======= This network is confine to the devices which are personel.The network should not contain virus.Speed -Bandwidth of the Network should be more 2. The components or technology which we are using 1.Frame Relay Switches 4.Cost .3.Uptime of the network should be high 3.POP -Telnet .Messenger 5.Security.Browser 2.Database Appln Network Topology ================= Topology defines how the network designed .ISDN Switches 4. This network is confine to Mobile to PDA PDA to Labtop The example of this network is BlueTooth Network Characterstics ======================= 1. Network Applications ===================== 1.Cost of the network should be Affordable 4.Wi-Fi 5.

Collisions will be more in this kind of topology.Star Topology 3.ces are arranged. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 3.Star ======== In this kind of topology all the systems are connected to a single devic es that is hub or switch. There are various types of Topologies which we find. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology.Bus Topology 2. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 2. If a central device fails then only total network goes down. 1.Ring ========= In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media. Single point failure will not be there.Mesh Topology 1. .Bus ======== In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media.Ring Topology 4.

There is not single point failure will be there This is very expensive .Mesh Topology =============== In a mesh topogly each and every systems is connected with every system of that network.4.