Network ========= It is a group of devices interconnected to each other to share resources among them.

A network can be divided into various types they are 1.LAN- Local Area Network 2.MAN- Metro Area Network 3.WAN- Wide Area Network 4.CAN- Campus Area Network 5.PAN- Personel Area Network 1.Local Area Network ====================== This network is confined to a single building or an organization. The components which you are using to create LAN 1.PC 2.NIC/Ethernet Card/LAN Card 3.Cable 4.RJ-45 5.HUB/SWITCH 2.Metro Area Network ==================== A metro area network is confined to city limits. The components which we can use in metro area network 1.WAP - Wireless Access Point 2.Cable Network 3.Wide Area Network ==================== This network is not confine it is through out the world. The components which you are using WAN is 1.Routers 2.ATM Switches

Frame Relay Switches 4.Reliability . The components or technology which we are using 1.Cost .CAN .Browser 2.PAN ======= This network is confine to the devices which are personel. Network Applications ===================== 1.Speed -Bandwidth of the Network should be more 2.Wi-Fi 5.Messenger 5.The network should not contain virus.Campus Area Network ============================= This network is confine to a single university or a college.POP -Telnet .Security.Terminal Emulation 4.Cost of the network should be Affordable 4.3.Database Appln Network Topology ================= Topology defines how the network designed .Outlook Express 3.Uptime of the network should be high 3. This network is confine to Mobile to PDA PDA to Labtop The example of this network is BlueTooth Network Characterstics ======================= 1. That is how the network devi -http -SMTP.ISDN Switches 4.

Mesh Topology 1.Bus ======== In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media.Ring ========= In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media.Star ======== In this kind of topology all the systems are connected to a single devic es that is hub or switch. Single point failure will not be there. .Bus Topology 2. 1. If a central device fails then only total network goes down. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 3.Ring Topology 4. There are various types of Topologies which we find. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology.ces are arranged.Star Topology 3. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 2.

There is not single point failure will be there This is very expensive .4.Mesh Topology =============== In a mesh topogly each and every systems is connected with every system of that network.