Network ========= It is a group of devices interconnected to each other to share resources among them.

A network can be divided into various types they are 1.LAN- Local Area Network 2.MAN- Metro Area Network 3.WAN- Wide Area Network 4.CAN- Campus Area Network 5.PAN- Personel Area Network 1.Local Area Network ====================== This network is confined to a single building or an organization. The components which you are using to create LAN 1.PC 2.NIC/Ethernet Card/LAN Card 3.Cable 4.RJ-45 5.HUB/SWITCH 2.Metro Area Network ==================== A metro area network is confined to city limits. The components which we can use in metro area network 1.WAP - Wireless Access Point 2.Cable Network 3.Wide Area Network ==================== This network is not confine it is through out the world. The components which you are using WAN is 1.Routers 2.ATM Switches

Cost of the network should be Affordable 4.Database Appln Network Topology ================= Topology defines how the network designed . This network is confine to Mobile to PDA PDA to Labtop The example of this network is BlueTooth Network Characterstics ======================= 1.ISDN Switches 4.The network should not contain virus.3.PAN ======= This network is confine to the devices which are personel.CAN . That is how the network devi -http -SMTP.Outlook Express 3.Speed -Bandwidth of the Network should be more 2.Security. The components or technology which we are using 1.Uptime of the network should be high 3.Wi-Fi 5.POP -Telnet .Frame Relay Switches 4.Terminal Emulation 4.Campus Area Network ============================= This network is confine to a single university or a college.Browser 2.Messenger 5.Reliability .Cost . Network Applications ===================== 1.

Collisions will be more in this kind of topology. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology.Star ======== In this kind of topology all the systems are connected to a single devic es that is hub or switch.ces are arranged. There are various types of Topologies which we find. .Mesh Topology 1. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 2.Star Topology 3. If a central device fails then only total network goes down.Ring ========= In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media. 1.Bus Topology 2. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 3.Bus ======== In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media. Single point failure will not be there.Ring Topology 4.

4.Mesh Topology =============== In a mesh topogly each and every systems is connected with every system of that network. There is not single point failure will be there This is very expensive .