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Network ========= It is a group of devices interconnected to each other to share resources among them.

A network can be divided into various types they are 1.LAN- Local Area Network 2.MAN- Metro Area Network 3.WAN- Wide Area Network 4.CAN- Campus Area Network 5.PAN- Personel Area Network 1.Local Area Network ====================== This network is confined to a single building or an organization. The components which you are using to create LAN 1.PC 2.NIC/Ethernet Card/LAN Card 3.Cable 4.RJ-45 5.HUB/SWITCH 2.Metro Area Network ==================== A metro area network is confined to city limits. The components which we can use in metro area network 1.WAP - Wireless Access Point 2.Cable Network 3.Wide Area Network ==================== This network is not confine it is through out the world. The components which you are using WAN is 1.Routers 2.ATM Switches

Wi-Fi 5.Database Appln Network Topology ================= Topology defines how the network designed .Speed -Bandwidth of the Network should be more 2. The components or technology which we are using 1.Uptime of the network should be high 3. This network is confine to Mobile to PDA PDA to Labtop The example of this network is BlueTooth Network Characterstics ======================= 1.3.Cost .Browser 2.Outlook Express 3.Cost of the network should be Affordable 4.The network should not contain virus.Security.POP -Telnet .CAN .Frame Relay Switches 4.Terminal Emulation 4. That is how the network devi -http -SMTP.Reliability .PAN ======= This network is confine to the devices which are personel. Network Applications ===================== 1.ISDN Switches 4.Messenger 5.Campus Area Network ============================= This network is confine to a single university or a college.

Ring ========= In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media.Bus ======== In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media. 1. If a central device fails then only total network goes down. . Collisions will be more in this kind of topology. There are various types of Topologies which we find.Star Topology 3. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology.Mesh Topology 1.Star ======== In this kind of topology all the systems are connected to a single devic es that is hub or switch.Bus Topology 2. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 2. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 3.ces are arranged. Single point failure will not be there.Ring Topology 4.

Mesh Topology =============== In a mesh topogly each and every systems is connected with every system of that network.4. There is not single point failure will be there This is very expensive .