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Network ========= It is a group of devices interconnected to each other to share resources among them.

A network can be divided into various types they are 1.LAN- Local Area Network 2.MAN- Metro Area Network 3.WAN- Wide Area Network 4.CAN- Campus Area Network 5.PAN- Personel Area Network 1.Local Area Network ====================== This network is confined to a single building or an organization. The components which you are using to create LAN 1.PC 2.NIC/Ethernet Card/LAN Card 3.Cable 4.RJ-45 5.HUB/SWITCH 2.Metro Area Network ==================== A metro area network is confined to city limits. The components which we can use in metro area network 1.WAP - Wireless Access Point 2.Cable Network 3.Wide Area Network ==================== This network is not confine it is through out the world. The components which you are using WAN is 1.Routers 2.ATM Switches

Campus Area Network ============================= This network is confine to a single university or a college.CAN .ISDN Switches 4.Terminal Emulation 4. Network Applications ===================== 1.Speed -Bandwidth of the Network should be more 2.Browser 2. That is how the network devi -http -SMTP.Uptime of the network should be high 3.The network should not contain virus.PAN ======= This network is confine to the devices which are personel.Cost .Wi-Fi 5.Frame Relay Switches 4.Outlook Express 3.Cost of the network should be Affordable 4.Messenger 5. The components or technology which we are using 1.3.Database Appln Network Topology ================= Topology defines how the network designed .POP -Telnet .Reliability . This network is confine to Mobile to PDA PDA to Labtop The example of this network is BlueTooth Network Characterstics ======================= 1.Security.

Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 3. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology. There are various types of Topologies which we find.Bus Topology 2.Star Topology 3.Star ======== In this kind of topology all the systems are connected to a single devic es that is hub or switch. . Single point failure will not be there. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology.ces are arranged.Ring Topology 4. If a central device fails then only total network goes down. 1. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 2.Bus ======== In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media.Ring ========= In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media.Mesh Topology 1.

4.Mesh Topology =============== In a mesh topogly each and every systems is connected with every system of that network. There is not single point failure will be there This is very expensive .