Network ========= It is a group of devices interconnected to each other to share resources among them.

A network can be divided into various types they are 1.LAN- Local Area Network 2.MAN- Metro Area Network 3.WAN- Wide Area Network 4.CAN- Campus Area Network 5.PAN- Personel Area Network 1.Local Area Network ====================== This network is confined to a single building or an organization. The components which you are using to create LAN 1.PC 2.NIC/Ethernet Card/LAN Card 3.Cable 4.RJ-45 5.HUB/SWITCH 2.Metro Area Network ==================== A metro area network is confined to city limits. The components which we can use in metro area network 1.WAP - Wireless Access Point 2.Cable Network 3.Wide Area Network ==================== This network is not confine it is through out the world. The components which you are using WAN is 1.Routers 2.ATM Switches

Security.Uptime of the network should be high 3.Speed -Bandwidth of the Network should be more 2. That is how the network devi -http -SMTP.Reliability . The components or technology which we are using 1.Database Appln Network Topology ================= Topology defines how the network designed .Terminal Emulation 4.3.PAN ======= This network is confine to the devices which are personel.Browser 2. Network Applications ===================== 1.Frame Relay Switches 4.Wi-Fi 5.Outlook Express 3.CAN .The network should not contain virus.POP -Telnet .Messenger 5.Cost .Cost of the network should be Affordable 4.Campus Area Network ============================= This network is confine to a single university or a college.ISDN Switches 4. This network is confine to Mobile to PDA PDA to Labtop The example of this network is BlueTooth Network Characterstics ======================= 1.

There are various types of Topologies which we find.Ring ========= In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media. Single point failure will not be there.Mesh Topology 1.Star Topology 3. If a central device fails then only total network goes down. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology.ces are arranged.Bus ======== In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media.Star ======== In this kind of topology all the systems are connected to a single devic es that is hub or switch. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 2.Ring Topology 4.Bus Topology 2. 1. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 3. .

There is not single point failure will be there This is very expensive .4.Mesh Topology =============== In a mesh topogly each and every systems is connected with every system of that network.

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