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TRAINING SUPPORT PACKAGE (TSP)

TSP Number Title 052-12C30-D03 Direct Assembly Of A Ribbon Bridge Raft

Task Number(s) 052-198-3081 /Title(s) Direct Assembly Of A Ribbon Bridge Raft Effective Date Supersedes TSP(s) TSP User

001023

All previous TSPs and LPs on this subject dated 001023 UNITED STATES ARMY ENGINEER SCHOOL FORT LEONARD WOOD, MISSOURI 65473-5000 TASS SCHOOL BATTALIONS UNITED STATES ARMY ENGINEER SCHOOL ATTN: DEPARTMENT OF TRAINING AND DOCTRINE DEVELOPMENT FORT LEONARD WOOD, MISSOURI 65473-5000 Send comments and recommendations directly to COMMANDANT: UNITED STATES ARMY ENGINEER SCHOOL DEPARTMENT OF TRAINING AND DOCTRINE DEVELOPMENT ATTN: ATSE-TD-TD-12 FORT LEONARD WOOD, MISSOURI 65473-5000 This product has been reviewed by the product developer in coordination with the Fort Leonard Wood foreign disclosure authority. This product is releasable to military students from foreign countries on a case-by-case basis.

Proponent

Comments/ Recommendations

Foreign Disclosure Restrictions

PREFACE Purpose This training support package provides the instructor with standardized lesson plan for presenting instruction for: Task number: Task title: Conditions: 052-198-3081 Direct Assembly Of A Ribbon Bridge Raft In a classroom or at a designated float bridge site, given 2 ribbon bridge ramps, 4 ribbon bridge interior bays and the required bridge erection boats on transporters, mission directive to construct a ribbon raft, and personnel. Directed the assembly of a ribbon raft, for given raft design, using sequential steps without causing injury to self, personnel, or damage to equipment and degradation to the environment.

Standard:

This TSP Contains TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface Lesson 1 Page 2 3 5 5 6 6 9 10 11 12 13 15

Appendixes

Section I - Administrative Data Section II - Introduction Terminal Learning Objective Section III - Presentation A - Enabling Learning Objective 1 Section IV - Summary Section V - Student Evaluation A - Viewgraphs Master B - Test and Test Solutions (Not Applicable) C - Practical Exercise and Solutions D - Student Handout/Advance Sheet

Direct Assembly of a Ribbon Bridge Raft 001023 SECTION I. All Courses Including This Lesson Task(s) Taught or Supported Task(s) Reinforced ADMINISTRATIVE DATA COURSE NUMBER 030-12C30 TASK NUMBER 052-198-4091 TASK NUMBER 052-198-1022 052-198-2100 052-198-2104 COURSE TITLE Bridge Crewmember (BNCOC) TASK TITLE Determine Ribbon Bridge Requirements TASK TITLE Connect Ribbon Bridge Bays Direct Launching Of Bridge Erection Boats Direct Launching Of Ribbon Bridge Bays

Academic Hours

The academic hours required to teach this course are as follows: PEACETIME HRS/METH 1.5/CO 4.0/PE 0.0 0.0 5.5 MOBILIZATION DL HRS/METH HRS/METH 1.5/CO 0.0 4.0/PE 0.0 0.0 5.5 ADT HRS/METH 1.5/CO 4.0/PE 0.0 0.0 5.5 IDT HRS/METH

*Test *Test Review Total Hours Test Lesson Number

HOURS Testing: 2.0 Review of test results: 0.5 LESSON NUMBER NONE LESSON TITLE

LESSON NUMBER 052-12C30-D05 052-12C30-D05

Prerequisite LESSON(S) Clearance and Access

Unclassified

References
NUMBER TITLE DATE PARA NO. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

TC 5-210 TM 5-5420-209-12 STP 5-12C14-SM-TG Student Study Assignments

Military Float Bridge Equipment Improved Float Bridge Bridge Crewmember

Dec 88 Dec 93 TBD

Rafting Ops

Under Revision

TC 5-210, Chapter 1, beginning on page 2 (rafting), Chapter 2, Beginning on page 8 (rafting operations) and page 11 (safety), Chapter 4, pages 27 through 30. TM 5-5420209-12, Chapter 2

Instructor Requirements Additional Personnel Requirements Equipment Required for Instruction Materials Required

1 ITC/SGI Certified instructor per classroom.

Qualified operators to operate the bridge erection boats. Vest, Life / Boat, Bridge Erection / Cradle, Bridge Erection / Ramp Bay / Interior Bay/ Radio Set, AN/PRC-119 / Bridge Transporter / Overhead Projector / Projection Screen / Chalk Board or Dry Erase Board With Writing Instruments. INSTRUCTOR MATERIALS : TSP, TC 5-210. STUDENT MATERIALS : TC 5-210, calculator, battle dress uniform, work gloves, kevlar helmet and LBE.

Classroom, Training Area, and Range Requirements Ammunition Requirements Instructional Guidance

Classroom group, 16 soldiers per/ Floating bridge site with 10 acres.

None Before presenting this lesson, thoroughly prepare by studying this lesson and identified reference material. Inspect all equipment prior to class start and ensure equipment is serviceable and set up for safe operation. _____________________________________________________________

Branch Safety Mgr Approval

NAME Rank Position Date _______________________________________________________________ [If not required, put N/A. See Chapter I-2 for requirements. If required and there is no Branch Safety Mgr, obtain signature of functional equivalent.]

Proponent Lesson Plan Approvals SECTION II

NAME NICHOLAS GRAHAM HAROLD DROSSEL OLLIE JACKSON INTRODUCTION

Rank Position SFC 12C30 COURSE MANAGER CIV CHIEF OF CMF 12 DOTD CIV CHIEF OF TDD, DOTD

Date 001023 001023 001023

Method of instruction : Conference Instructor to student ratio is : 1:16 Time of instruction : 0.2 Media used : Overhead Transparencies Motivator Knowing the different methods of construction for rafts and knowing how to control them will make river crossing operations a lot safer and faster procedure. (The instructor can build on this motivator).

NOTE: Show O/H # 1 and # 2 NOTE: Terminal Learning Objective Inform the student of the following terminal learning objective requirements. At the completion of this lesson you [the student] will: Direct Assembly Of A Ribbon Bridge Raft At a designated float bridge training site, given 2 ribbon bridge ramps, 4 ribbon bridge interior bays and the required bridge erection boats on transporters, mission directive to construct a ribbon raft, and personnel. Direct the assembly of a ribbon raft, for given raft design, using sequential steps without causing injury to self, personnel, or damage to equipment and degradation to the environment.

Action: Conditions: Standard:

Safety Requirements Risk Assessment Level

Safety is always a primary consideration when soldiers are required to work near or over water. Army Regulation (AR) 385-15 gives requirements that must be followed.

Medium

NOTE: Show O/H # 3 Environmental Water operations of every sort is an environmentally sensitive area. Spills, sediment, Considerations and refuse can contaminate area water resources. Training activities have the potential to violate Army Federal or State environmental laws and regulations. Violations will subject training activity to partial or complete shut down and even possible civil or criminal prosecution to the individual violator. Being unaware of a requirement is not considered a legitimate defense. Training will be conducted in designated areas only. All spills of hazardous material and POL products will be reported to the areas environmental office. Unit responsible for the spill will contain the spill to reduce further environmental and training area degradation. Equipment will be operated to conform to environmental operating permits. Failure to do so could result in permit revocation and equipment or training shutdown.

Evaluation

The student will be given a written test and will demonstrate skills/knowledge by scoring 70% or higher on the float bridge end of annex examination. As supervisors, we must know the capabilities of the ribbon raft so we can logically train our soldiers of the methods and the procedures for constructing the raft. PRESENTATION ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE 1 Inform the student of the following enabling learning objective requirements. Organize the assembly crews In a classroom or at a float bridge training site, given TC 5-210, ribbon bridge bays and bridge erection boats on the transporters, mission directive from the platoon sergeant to construct a 6 float raft, and necessary personnel. Organized the assembly crews to include the launch site crew, boat Standard: operators and assistant boat operators, bridge centerline crew, bay shuttle crew, anchorage crew, and the engineer equipment park NCOIC. Gives a safety brief to all involved and computes assembly time for the ribbon raft. Learning Step/Activity 1 - Organize the following assembly crews. (TC 5-210) Action: Conditions: Method of instruction : Conference Instructor to student ratio is : 1:16 Time of instruction : 0.5 Media used : Overhead Transparencies

Instructional Lead-in SECTION III A. NOTE:

1.

a. There is no particular book method for organizing the assembly crews. Each company commander is responsible for writing his/her tactical standard operating procedure (TAC SOP). The SOP outlines safety procedures and guidelines for the platoon leader and platoon sergeant to follow. The platoon leader and platoon sergeant plans the bridge construction. The platoon sergeant organizes the platoon for raft construction and appoints you the raft commander. As the raft commander, you will organize your crews according to how many soldiers are available from the platoon. NOTE: Show O/H # 4 b. Organizing the duties of the launch site crew. (at least 2 soldiers) (1) Checks to ensure that the bridge bay latches are thrown and the cable is out of the cable guide. (2) Locks down the driver side aft tie-down. (3) Ground guide the transporter into the water and release the bay when directed. NOTE: Show O/H # 5 and # 6 c. Organizing the duties of the boat operators and their assistant boat operators. (1) Boat operators are normally a crew of two licensed soldiers, (page 17, operations) one to drive the boat and one to secure the bowlines to the bays. (2) Safety boats should also have two operators as well. Both should be trained on the correct method of recovering soldiers from the water, basic first aid, artificial respiration and correct radio procedures. At least one must be a strong swimmer.

The safety boats should be equipped, as a minimum with the standard equipment. Anchor and line, boat hook, life buoy and rope, first aid kit, blankets (these may be held on the bank), radio w/extra battery, searchlight and navigation lights. (page 12, safety boats and table 4). NOTE: This list should be adapted to suit site conditions. NOTE: Show O/H # 7 d. Organizing the duties of the bridge centerline crew. (1) This crew assembles on the hold boat with the necessary equipment. ie: t-bars, 60 bars, throw ropes, j-hooks, c-clamps and comma-longs (winch). (2) The bridge centerline crew connects bay to bay until the raft is built. NOTE: Show O/H # 8 e. Organizing the duties of the transporter shuttle crew. (1) The shuttle crew are drivers that shuttles the prepared bays from the engineer equipment park to the launch site. The NCOIC of the engineer equipment park has control over these soldiers. (2) License drivers that understands hand signals for ribbon bridge. (3) The transporter shuttle crew prepares the bays for launch while the vehicles are staged in the engineer equipment park. NOTE: Show O/H # 9 g. Bridge commander briefs safety procedures to all that is involved with the assembly. (page 12, Personnel and Safety Boats) (1) All soldiers wear life preservers and unblouse boots while on or near the water. (2) Soldiers who are not strong swimmers will be identified using the units discretion during day operations and a chem-light during night operations. (3) Rope will not trail in the water from the bridge or boats. (4) The safety boat will warn off civilian crafts or other vessels which might create a hazard or might interfere with the bridging operation. The safety boat will be stationed downstream. (5) The transporter shuttle crew preparing the bays for launch at the engineer equipment park will keep the drivers side aft tie-down up to be dropped by the launch site crew on the shore line. NOTE: Show O/H # 10 h. Bridge commander computes the assembly time for ribbon bridges. ( page 27, Assembly times for ribbon rafts) NOTE: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the learning activity. 2. Learning Step/Activity 2 - Direct the assembly of a ribbon raft. (TM 5-5420-209-12) Method of instruction : Conference Instructor to student ratio is : 1:16 Time of instruction : 0.5 Media used : Overhead Transparencies

NOTE: Show O/H # 11 a. Direct the assembly of a ribbon raft. (page 2-116 and page 2-117 figure 2-33) (1) Launch two interior bays and secure one with the hold boat and the other with a work boat. Off load the personnel from the hold boat onto the first interior bay. Move the bays to the assembly area below the centerline close to shore and connect them. (2) Launch and spin the first ramp, secure it with a work boat and move it to the assembly area. Connect the ramp bay to the two interior bays forming a near shore end section (3) Launch and connect the remaining interior bays to the existing bays along the near shore until the correct length of raft is reached. Hold the raft during construction with bridge erection boats as required. (4) Launch the final ramp bay. Move the ramp bay to the last interior bay and connect. Articulate the ramps. WARNING: Before crossing traffic, the lower lock drives and bay connectors must be checked by the platoon leader or platoon sergeant to ensure proper connections. b. Methods of rafting. (TM 5-5420-209-12, page 2-116) NOTE: The section of either depends upon the current velocity, the number of bridge erection boats available, and the military load class of vehicles to cross. NOTE: SHOW O/H # 12 and # 13 (1) Longitudinal rafting. (a) longitudinal chart. NOTE: SHOW O/H # 14 and # 15 (2) Conventional rafting. (Page 2-124) (a) Conventional chart. NOTE: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the learning activity.

SECTION IV

SUMMARY Method of instruction : Conference Instructor to student ratio is : 1:16 Time of instruction : 0.3 Media used : None

Review/ Summarize Lesson

During this period of instruction, you were taught organizing the different assembly crews, and assembling the ribbon raft. Its very important to know these techniques because of different existing river conditions. (The instructor can build on this review to motivate the students). Determine if students have learned the material presented by-a. Soliciting student questions and explanations. b. Ask questions and getting answers from the students. c. Correcting student misunderstandings.

Check on Learning

Transition To Next Lesson

Inform the students the next lesson will be the practical exercise.

SECTION V

STUDENT EVALUATION

TestingStudent will be evaluated on a written examination for the POI File number Requirements 12C30-D03 (Ref TSP 12C30-D05). Student must score 70% or higher to receive a GO. A 30 minute After Action Review will be conducted after the examination. NOTE: Include this information also in the Student Evaluation Plan which documents course graduation requirements. The using school assigns course weight to the evaluation. Rapid, immediate feedback is essential to effective learning. Schedule and provide feedback on the evaluation and any information to help answer students questions about the test. Provide remedial training as needed.

NOTE:

Feedback Requirement

The instructor must forward problems with the TSP to the proponent.

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Appendix A: Lesson Title:

Viewgraphs Master Direct Assembly Of A Ribbon Bridge Raft

1. Title 2. Task, Conditions, Standards, Safety 3. Environmental, and Risk Assessment 4. Organize the duties of the launch site crew 5. Organize the duties of the boat operators 6. Safety boats minimum standard equipment 7. Organizing the duties of the bridge centerline crew 8. Organize the duties of the transporter shuttle crew 9. Bridge commander briefs safety procedures 10. Assembly times 11. Assemble ribbon raft 12. Longitudinal rafting 13. Longitudinal raft chart 14. Conventional rafting 15. Conventional raft chart

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Appendix B: Not Applicable

Test and Test Solutions

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Appendix C:

Practical Exercise and Solutions

PRACTICAL EXERCISE SHEET NO. 1


Title Introduction Motivator 052-198-3081 / Direct Assembly Of A Ribbon Bridge Raft Explain to the student what is to be done during the Practical Exercise. Knowing the different methods of construction for bridges and rafts and knowing how to control them will make river crossing operations a lot safer and faster procedure. (The instructor can build on this motivator to motivate the students). Inform the students of the following terminal learning objective requirements. At the completion of this lesson you [the student] will: Action: Conditions: Standard: Direct Assembly Of A Ribbon Bridge Raft At a designated float bridge training site, given 2 ribbon bridge ramps, 4 ribbon bridge interior bays and the required bridge erection boats on transporters, mission directive to construct a ribbon raft, and personnel. Directed the assembly of a ribbon raft, for given raft design, using sequential steps without causing injury to self, personnel, or damage to equipment and degradation to the environment.

Terminal Learning Objective

Method of instruction : Practical Exercise Instructor to student ratio is : 2:32 Time of instruction : 4.0 Media used : Ribbon Bridge Safety Requirements Risk Assessment Level Safety is always a primary consideration when soldiers are required to work near or over water. Army Regulation (AR) 385-15 gives requirements that must be followed.

Medium

Environmental Water operations of every sort is an environmentally sensitive area. Spills, sediment, Considerations and refuse can contaminate area water resources. Training activities have the potential to violate Army Federal or State environmental laws and regulations. Violations will subject training activity to partial or complete shut down and even possible civil or criminal prosecution to the individual violator. Being unaware of a requirement is not considered a legitimate defense. Training will be conducted in designated areas only. All spills of hazardous material and POL products will be reported to the areas environmental office. Unit responsible for the spill will contain the spill to reduce further environmental and training area degradation. Equipment will be operated to conform to environmental operating permits. Failure to do so could result in permit revocation and equipment or training shutdown.

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Evaluation

The student will accurately construct the ribbon raft and score 70% or higher on the end of annex examination.

Instructional Lead-in Resource Requirement Special Instructions

The instructor will include a lead-in for this practical exercise.

Vest, Life / Boat, Bridge Erection / Cradle, Bridge Erection / Ramp Bay / Interior Bay/ Radio Set, AN/PRC-119 / Bridge Transporter The class will participate in the assembly of the ribbon raft within the time limit specified for given raft design. One student will be designated the raft commander. He/she will organize the launch site crew, organize the boat operators and their assistant, organize the bridge centerline crew, the bay shuttle crew, and the engineer equipment park NCOIC . The raft commander will brief the safety procedures to all involved in the assembly. The student will be given all required equipment to accomplish the task. 1. Organize the assembly crews. 2. Direct the assembly of a ribbon bridge raft. 3. Direct longitudinal rafting. 4. Direct conventional rafting.

Procedures

Feedback Requirements

The instructor must forward problems with the TSP to the proponent.

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Appendix D: Title Terminal Learning Objective

Student Handout/Advance Sheet 12C30-D03, Direct Assembly Of A Ribbon Bridge Raft At the completion of this lesson you (the student) will: Direct Assembly Of A Ribbon Bridge Raft At a designated float bridge training site, given 2 ribbon bridge ramps, 4 ribbon bridge interior bays and the required bridge erection boats on transporters, mission directive to construct a ribbon raft, and personnel. Directed the assembly of a ribbon raft, for given raft design, using sequential steps without causing injury to self, personnel, or damage to equipment and degradation to the environment.

Action: Conditions: Standard:

1. Lesson Summary: a. Safety : Safety is always a primary consideration when soldiers are required to work near or over water. Army Regulation (AR) 385-15 gives requirements that must be followed. b. Environmental : Water operations of every sort is an environmentally sensitive area. Spills, sediment, and refuse can contaminate area water resources. Training activities have the potential to violate Army Federal or State environmental laws and regulations. Violations will subject training activity to partial or complete shut down and even possible civil or criminal prosecution to the individual violator. Being unaware of a requirement is not considered a legitimate defense. Training will be conducted in designated areas only. All spills of hazardous material and POL products will be reported to the areas environmental office. Unit responsible for the spill will contain the spill to reduce further environmental and training area degradation. Equipment will be operated to conform to environmental operating permits. Failure to do so could result in permit revocation and equipment or training shutdown. c. Risk : Medium 2. General Instructions: a. Conduct student reading: TC 5-210, Chapter 1, beginning on page 2 (rafting), Chapter 2, Beginning on page 8 (rafting operations) and page 11 (safety), Chapter 4, pages 27 through 30. TM 5-5420-209-12 chapter 2 b. Participate in practical exercises. 3. Sequence of activities: a. Organize the assembly crews. b. Direct the assembly of a ribbon bridge raft. c. Direct longitudinal rafting. d. Direct conventional rafting. 4. Upon completion of each performance measure have instructor check your work.

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