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Review

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. How did Abraham Lincoln justify suspending habeas corpus during the Civil War? a. The danger of slave revolts called for suspension of some freedoms to ensure public safety. b. He said states that seceded needed to be punished. c. He was willing to violate the Constitution in order to save the nation. d. He believed that stopping publication of Copperhead newspapers would help the South. Why did Abraham Lincoln in 1861 inform Jefferson Davis that he was sending only food to Fort Sumter? a. to force the Confederates to decide whether to attack and start a war b. to ensure Jefferson Davis would allow the supplies to reach the fort c. to postpone a military attack by the Confederates d. to give the Confederates a chance to surrender What ended slavery throughout the United States? a. the Emancipation Proclamation b. the Thirteenth Amendment c. the surrender at Appomattox d. the Fourteenth Amendment During his March to the Sea, General Sherman destroyed much of Georgia because he wanted to a. exact revenge on the South. b. prevent civilians from taking up arms against Union armies. c. show that Union armies could do as they wished in the South and that further resistance was futile. d. help President Lincoln get re-elected. How did General Grant capture Vicksburg? a. with Picketts Charge b. with a blockade and constant shelling of the city c. by taking up a strong defensive position d. by breaking through the Confederates weakened defenses General McClellan was relieved of duty after failing to follow which order from President Lincoln? a. Attack head-on. b. Destroy the rebel army. c. Wait to attack until reinforcements arrive. d. Lay siege to the city of Richmond. Why do historians call the Civil War the last of the old-time wars and the first of the modern ones? a. Most generals used modern military tactics, but weapons technology had not progressed much since Napoleons time. b. Advances in military strategy led to more deaths on the battlefield. c. Guerrilla warfare was used for the first time, and iron cannonballs were replaced by shrapnel. d. Most generals still used military tactics from Napoleons time, but the weapons were new and deadlier. Why did President Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation? a. because he morally opposed slavery b. because freeing the slaves would weaken the Confederate war effort c. because slaves had earned their freedom by fighting for the Union d. because the prisons were getting too full By calling for 75,000 volunteers to enlist and serve for 90 days, President Lincoln a. united all the states that remained in the Union. b. divided the people in the seceded states. c. hoped to influence Congress to declare war. d. underestimated the strength and will of the Confederates. Lincoln feared that if he made slavery the issue of the Civil War, a. few people would volunteer to fight. b. the border states might secede. c. he would have to support abolition. d. the South would fight harder. General Winfield Scotts plan for winning the war called for the Union to a. capture Richmond. b. win the support of Southern leaders. c. arm the slaves. d. blockade southern ports. The Battle of Bull Run was evidence that a. the war would not be short. b. the Southern army was well-trained. c. the North would eventually win. d. Lincoln had a competent general. New weapons technology in the Civil War made this tactic of war nearly obsolete.

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a. long range planning. b. cavalry charges. c. spying. d. building fortifications. Shermans victory in the Battle of Atlanta helped ensure a. Lincolns reelection. b. the Democratic Partys nomination of George McClellan. c. passage of the Thirteenth Amendment. d. Jefferson Daviss reelection. After Lee surrendered at Appomatox Court House, a. the war ended immediately. b. the war continued for several months. c. Jefferson Davis resigned. d. Abraham Lincoln called for retribution against the South. The ___ was a Grant victory that assured Union control of the Mississippi River. a. Battle of Chickamauga b. Battle of Chattanooga c. Siege of Vicksburg d. Siege of Atlanta Why did many scalawags join the Republican Party? a. They wanted to preserve the way of life of the Old South. b. They had been kicked out of the Democratic Party. c. They wanted to prevent the old planter class from returning to power in the South. d. They were inspired by the personal charisma of Andrew Johnson. According to the provisions of the Ten-Percent Plan, southern states could be readmitted to the Union a. if fewer than 10 percent of residents refused to take a loyalty oath. b. after 10 years had passed. c. once 10 percent of the states Confederate government members had been arrested. d. when 10 percent of voters had pledged loyalty to the Union. What ended Reconstruction in the South? a. Abraham Lincolns assassination b. the Compromise of 1877 c. passage of the Fifteenth Amendment d. passage of the Southern Homestead Act Which African American took the Senate seat formerly held by Confederate president Jefferson Davis? a. James Longstreet b. Hiram Revels c. Thaddeus Stevens d. Wendell Phillips How did sharecropping and tenant farming differ? a. Sharecroppers received a share of their employers crop; tenant farmers rented land and could grow any crops they chose. b. Sharecroppers were former slaves; tenant farmers were poor southern whites. c. Sharecroppers rented land and could grow any crops they chose; tenant farmers owned small plots of land and grew exclusively cash crops. d. Sharecroppers worked land owned by a group of former slaves; tenant farmers worked for wages. What did members of terrorist groups that operated in the South after the Civil War have in common? a. a desire to remove President Lincoln from office b. support of the Republican Party c. a desire to reach political goals through the courts d. a desire to undo the Souths new hierarchy and restore the old social and political order By the end of the Civil War property losses in the South a. were limited to the plantations. b. were almost entirely in the cities. c. affected everything but the cities. d. affected farms, cities, and transportation. John Wilkes Booth thought that by assassinating the president he would a. help the Republican Congress control the government.. b. help the South win the Civil War. c. prevent Reconstruction from going forward. d. stop the draft. They have torn their constitutional states into atoms, and built on their foundations fabrics of a totally different character . . . Dead states cannot restore their existence as it was. . . Congress must create states and declare when they are entitled to be represented. Thaddeus Stevens

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a. began impeachment proceedings against Johnson. b. refused to seat southern members. c. began to respond to Lincolns reconstruction plan. d. began to seat southern members. The basic goal of the Black Codes passed in southern states was to a. keep freedmen dependent on the plantation. b. attempt to restore slavery. c. help freedmen start new businesses. d. provide black families with jobs. Andrew Johnsons vetoes of these bills ended all attempts by moderate Republicans to work with him. a. Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments b. Freedmens Bureau Bill and Civil Rights Act c. Black Codes d. Wade-Davis Bill and Reconstruction Act President Andrew Johnson was a. not impeached. b. impeached but not convicted. c. impeached and convicted.. d. impeached, convicted, and removed from office. By the end of the 1870s most freedmen a. were landowners. b. had moved out of the South c. were sharecroppers. d. were going to school to learn a trade. In the Compromise of 1877 following a disputed presidential election, leaders promised to a. withdraw federal troops from the South. b. maintain reconstruction goals. c. deny African Americans voting rights. d. recount all the ballots.

Review Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: C A B C B B D B D B D A B A B C C D B B A D D B B A B B A A PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: DIF: 3 2 1 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: NAT: 11.3.4 11.1.1 11.5.2 11.5.3 11.4.3 11.2.3 11.2.1 11.3.1 11.1.2 11.1.3 11.1.4 11.2.3 11.2.1 11.5.3 11.5.3 11.4.3 12.3.1 12.1.2 12.4.2 12.3.1 12.3.3 12.4.1 12.1.1 12.1.3 12.2.2 12.2.1 12.1.4 12.2.3 12.3.3 12.4.2