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CHAPTER 8.

PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 1


Problem 1. (Laminar flow) Asphalt at 120 F, considered to be a Newtonian fluid with a viscosity 80,000 times that of water and a specific gravity of 1.09, flows through a pipe of diameter 2.0 in. If the pressure gradient is 1.6 psi/ft determine the flowrate assuming the pipe is (a) horizontal; (b) vertical with flow up. If the th flow fl is i laminar, l i then th the th flow fl can be b described d ib d by b Poiseuilles LAW (EQ 8.9).

Horizontal FLOW

V i l FLOW UP Vertical

Check Ch k REYNOLDS N Number b f for L Laminar i FLOW Use Maximum Flow Rate or HORIZONTAL FLOW

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 2


Problem 2 (Laminar flow) A fluid flows through two horizontal pipes of equal length which are connected together to form a pipe of length 2l. The flow is laminar and fully developed. The pressure drop for the first pipe is 1.44 times greater than it is for the second pipe. If the diameter of the first pipe is D, determine the diameter of the second pipe.

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 3


Problem 3. (Moody chart) Water flows in a smooth plastic pipe of 200-mm diameter at a rate of 0.10 m3/s. Determine the friction f t for factor f this thi flow. fl 200-mm

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 4


Problem 4. (Single pipedetermine pressure drop) A fire protection association code requires a minimum pressure of 65 psi at the outlet end of a 250-ft-long, 4-in.-diameter hose when the flowrate is 500 gal/min. What is the minimum pressure allowed at the pumper truck that supplies water to the hose? Assume a roughness of =0.03 in.

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 4

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 5


Problem 5. (Single pipedetermine pressure drop) An above ground swimming g gp pool of 30 ft diameter and 5 ft depth p is to be filled form a garden hose (smooth interior) of 100 ft length and 5/8 inch diameter (ID). If the pressure at the faucet outlet to which the hose is attached remains at 55 psi, psi how long will it take to fill the pool? The water exits the hose as a free jet 6 feet above the faucet.

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 5

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 5

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 5

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 6


Problem 6. (Single pipe with pump) The pump shown in the figure adds a 15-ft head to the water being pumped when the flowrate is 1.5 ft3/s. Determine the friction factor for the pipe.

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 6


Determine the friction factor (f) for the pipe.

Assume DOWNWARD FLOW

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 6


Determine the friction factor (f) for the pipe.

Assume DOWNWARD FLOW

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 6


Determine the friction factor (f) for the pipe. hp = 15 ft (1)

V
(2)

Q = 1.5 ft3/s

A Assume UPWARD FLOW

f now becomes 0.0412 0 0412 YOU SOLVE this one.

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 7


Problem 7. Water drains from a pressurized tank through a pipe system shown below below. The head of the turbine is equal to 116 m. m If entrance effects are negligible, determine the flow rate.

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 7


(1)

(2)

CHAPTER 8. PIPE FLOW EXAMPLE 7


(1)

(2)