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MASSACHUSETTS SNOWFALL A CHRONOLOGY PETER B.

CREEDON

INTRODUCTION This chronology of snowfalls that have impacted Massachusetts is in no way complete. The chronology is here for the reason of preserving meteorological history. The Bay State has experienced many snowfalls; some large and memorable, others are relegated to obscurity and have strayed from the public eye. Some winters, as written about here have produced viable snowfalls as early as October; others have produced snowfalls well into May. While I would like to be able to predict just exactly what will happen in winters to come, I would like to focus on the past and use it to possibly serve as a tool for what the future holds. For each snowfall I have given a star rating. 5 stars carries the meaning that the public will possibly have recollection of the storm, while 1 star means that it is not memorable and/or obscure. If a snowfall has occurred on a major holiday (Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Years, Presidents Day, and Easter), then it receives one extra star. If a storm happened on a lesser holiday (Halloween, Veterans Day, MLK Jr. Day, Valentines Day, or April Fools Day), then it receives the rating as it stands. The KU symbol next to a particular snowstorm means that Paul Kocin and Louis Ucellini have reviewed

the storm and have assigned a NESIS category to it. An N.M. next to the KU symbol means that both Kocin and Ucellini have categorized the storm as a Near Miss. Finally, an E/L.S.S. means that it was a Late Season Snowfall. While I cant give detailed accounts of ALL snowstorms (some are so unremarkable, that only the highest amounts are stated), I make my best effort. MASSACHUSETTS SNOWFALL: A GEOGRAPHIC LESSON Massachusetts is a state of varied terrain. The southeastern portion of the state is part of the Atlantic Coastal Plain. The plain extends from the New Hampshire border, where it is less than five miles wide, to Rhode Island, where it is almost thirty miles wide. Snowfall in this region can either be 100% frozen, or it can be mixed with sleet and freezing rain. Cape Cod and the islands, while part of the coastal plain, are very distinct. Cape Cod is where snowfall has the hardest time establishing itself. Often the cape can be all rain, or mixed while the rest of the state is experiencing 100% snowfall. West of the plain and cape, are the Worcester Hills. The higher elevations here mean that not only will more snow occur, but more often than not it will be 100% snow. The further west one travels in the state, they will find themselves in the Pioneer, or Connecticut Valley. As on the coastal plain, snow has a hard time establishing itself here. This snow hole also experiences down sloping winds from the final geographical area: The Berkshires. The Berkshires or Berks as theyre known experience some of the highest snowfall totals in the entire state. Some storms perform better here than anywhere else; more often the storm here will be 100% snow. THE RATING SYSTEM As I mentioned in the introduction, each snowfall has a star rating. The ratings are in all, very simple. I didnt need to establish an advanced formula to determine what rating the storm will eventually have. To determine the rating, I started a discussion on a popular weather website, named www.americanwx.com. The ratings are as follows:

*: This was overall not a memorable storm. The public cannot seem to recall the storm itself. It
is viewed simply as being there, but nothing special.

**: The public is somewhat aware that this storm happened, but cannot place the exact date.
Perhaps only the meteorology hobbyists will remember this.

***: The public is aware, but the storm didnt paralyze the region. Overall this is a nuisance
type event. Many of the snowfalls listed in this chronology fall into this rating.

****: Most, if not all of the public is aware of this snowfall. This snowfall caused some
paralysis and inconvenience.

*****: The most severe of the ratings. This storm caused complete shutdown in many areas.
The public will be able to instantly recall when this happened. These storms also have a name, for example The Blizzard of 96. There are also other symbols that will periodically show up next to the rating: KU: This storm has been reviewed by both Paul Kocin and Louis Ucellini and has been assigned a NESIS rating. Only two of the storms reviewed by them have earned category 5 status. N.M.: When this appears next to the KU, this means that both Kocin and Ucellini have marked this as a Near Miss. Near Misses can be given any star rating. L.S.S.: This means that the snowfall was designated a Late Season Snowfall by Kocin and Ucellini. E.S.S.: This simply means Early Season Snowfall. #--(insert city initial here): This simply means that this snowfall was one of the top ten for the location. Here are the initials: B: Boston W: Worcester S: Springfield N: Nantucket

WINTER 1989/1990

November 1989 -23rd (Thanksgiving): A fast moving storm brought 12 inches of snow to Nantucket Island. Neighboring Marthas Vineyard received 10 inches. The Cape received 8-10 inches; lower amounts fell across northern and central Massachusetts. ****1/2

December 1989 -15th/16th: A large low pressure system brought heavy snow to Massachusetts. Along the coast, lesser amounts fell. This storm was more of a solid performer in the interior. 9 inches was the highest amount that was recorded for the whole event. This storm is also known for ending prematurely. ** -20th: This storm was the end result of a weak LOW. Accumulations were relatively minor. It was more of an event along the coast. * -24th/25th (Christmas): A major LOW passing well offshore brushed the Cape and Islands. Nantucket reported an inch. ** -26th (Boxing Day): A weak LOW brought minor accumulations to Cape Cod and the islands. * -28th/31st: This was a complex storm. It started off as snow, but on the 30th it switched to rain. Accumulations were heaviest along the south coast. Newport, Rhode Island received 9 inches. This was the system that brought an end to the cold that had been in place for the month of December, 1989. By New Years Eve the snow was almost completely gone. ** January 1990 -9th: A weak LOW brought light snowfall to southern New England. Accumulations were light. Plymouth received 3 inches. * -20th-22nd: A storm of moderate strength. Three areas of 10 inch accumulations occurred in the state. The cape got let off easy. *** -29th-30th: This was more of an event for northern New England. However, western Massachusetts did receive up to 11 inches of snow. *** February 1990 -4th: Another moderate event. Snow fell thick and heavy across the central and western parts of the state. A grand total of a foot was recorded at Ashfield. Elsewhere across southern New England the storm was a forgettable one. *** WINTER 1995/1996

November 1995 -28th/29th: An early season snowfall brought 5 inches to southwestern Massachusetts. Along the coast the storm was mainly rain. It should be noted that the storm was a late night into early morning event. **

December 1995 -1st: A weak system brought light snow to much of the state. Williamstown, in the northwestern corner of the state reported 5 inches. * -9th: A fast moving storm brought up to 7 inches in the Berkshires. The coast and cape got off easy. ** -14th: The first in a double barreled storm system. There was a report of 8 inches in the Worcester area. ** -16th: The second system moved through the state. This system was the weaker of the two. 4 inches was the maximum accumulation. * -19th-21st: The first large event of the winter. The system tracked from the Gulf of Mexico to just off of Cape Cod. Snowfall started a little after 8 PM from west to east. The snow fell thick and heavy throughout the storm. There were reports of coastal flooding and deep drifts. 14 inches fell in Bristol and Plymouth Counties. The cape received 6 to 8 inches. This storm however is largely forgotten due to the blizzard in January, 1996. **** KU N.M. -24th: This snowfall was directly associated with the previous event. The low that caused the prior snowstorm meandered off of Nova Scotia. This caused numerous troughs to revolve around the low. This event was one such trough. Accumulations were light in Massachusetts. ** -26th-27th: Like the event on Christmas Eve, this was associated with the major snowfall that occurred on the 19th through the 21st. Amounts were light in Massachusetts, but across northern New England there were reports of 8 inch accumulations. * January 1996 -2nd-4th: The year 1996 was brought in with a large scale snowfall. The storm developed on New Years Day in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. The storm moved north and was off the northeast coast early on the 2nd. Heavy snow fell across the state from late morning on the 2nd. On the cape and islands the snow turned to rain as the warm sector of the storm moved through. Nantucket, the far away island received all of their main snowfall on the 4th as the storm slid out to sea. A total of 16 inches was the highest official accumulation reported from the storm. This report came from Blue Hill, located in Milton. Because of the blizzard five days later, this storm is forgotten and relegated to relative obscurity. **** -8th-9th: This was by far the largest snowfall of the winter. The Blizzard of 96 was a powerful storm that disrupted lives from Boston to Washington. In Massachusetts, snow began in the early afternoon hours of Sunday the 8th. By nightfall high winds and heavy snow socked the state. The snow continued throughout the night and all day on the 9th. The storm began to wind down late on the 9th. By midnight the last vestiges of the blizzard had pulled away from the coast. When all

was said and done, 32 inches fell at Great Barrington in the Berkshires. Elsewhere in the state 2 feet was the norm, with a foot on the cape and islands. ***** KU -10th: The day after the blizzard, a weak clipper began to strengthen off Nantucket. Snow began in the predawn hours and quickly overspread the state. Nantucket received 8 inches of snow, as it was closer to the center of the storm. The north shore received up to 5 inches. This storm was much, much weaker than its predecessor. Even still it was a nuisance. ** -12th-13th: Once again a major storm affected the state. This low however cut across the interior of southeast Massachusetts, and most of the major accumulating snows were to the west of the track. In the eastern Berkshires, 10 inches were the maximum accumulation. The storm ushered in an impressive warming trend that ate the snowpack and left nothing, especially in the coastal regions. ****1/2 -16th/17th: A weak snowstorm passed north of Massachusetts. A trace was reported in Boston and in the Berkshires. * -21st/22nd: Yet another weak snowstorm impacted the state. The heaviest snow fell across northern New England, and even that was almost nothing. A dusting was the most received across the state. * -29th/31st: A moderate snowstorm dropped a little under 4 inches at Boston. * February 1996 -2nd/3rd: A series of weak lows moved along a stationary front offshore. Up to a foot of snow fell across southeast Massachusetts. A little under a foot fell in Boston. **** KU N.M. -14th: An Alberta Clipper moved into the Gulf of Maine and intensified. Ipswich recorded 5 inches. Overall this was an unexpected snowfall. ** -15th/17th: Presidents Day Weekend was marked by a very heavy snowfall that began on Friday night. 7 inches was reported in Boston with heavier amounts to the south and west. **** KU N.M. March 1996 -2nd: A very fast moving system that was off of Cape Hatteras at 7 AM was off of Cape Cod by noon. The storm dumped close to 4 inches of snow in Boston. Elsewhere in the state amounts up to 6 inches were common. **** -7th/8th: Up to a foot of snow was recorded in the Berkshires. Boston received 10 inches. The cape received a smaller amount. *** April 1996

-7th/8th: Easter Sunday was brought in on a snowy note. Heavy snow primarily fell across southeastern Massachusetts and interior New England. Boston received virtually nothing. *** 1/2

-9th/10th: The final snowstorm of the winter of 1995/1996 was a real doozy for most of Massachusetts. Up to a foot of snow fell inland, but since the low traveled across the cape and islands very little snow fell there. Thunder and lightning was reported in some localities. After this storm passed the final damage totals could be tallied up. It was a fitting end to the snowiest winter in many parts of New England and the northeast. ***** KU L.S.S. WINTER 1996/1997

December 1996 -6th: This snowstorm was more of a performer in the higher elevations of the Berkshires. On the coast, the storm was primarily a rain and wind event. Ashfield reported 12 inches. **** -31st: 1996 was ended on a snowy note. Snow began falling in the early morning hours and ended after dark. Just less than 2 inches fell in Boston. Elsewhere the storm was a non-event. ** January 1997 -1st/2nd: A weak system dropped up to 2 inches of snow on Cape Cod. Boston escaped with nothing. ** -9th: A weak system moving out to sea brought up to a foot across parts of southeast Massachusetts. Boston received 2 inches. -11th: This system produced up to 5 inches across southeastern Massachusetts and the cape. -17th: A weak storm system brought nothing more than a trace of snow to most places. -19th: An intense band of heavy snow developed over Nantucket and Marthas Vineyard. Nantucket received 8 inches, while the Vineyard had less than an inch. ** February 1997 -1st: Light snow brought a dusting to most of Massachusetts. Boston received 7/10 of an inch of snow. * -17th: The only moderate snowfall of the month dropped a little over 3 inches of snow in Boston. * March 1997

-10th: A moderate snowfall brought up to 8 inches in the Berkshires. Boston recorded 4 inches. The cape escaped from the storm with rain. * April 1997 -1st: The infamous April fools Day Blizzard, or the Blizzard of 97. The storm actually began on the 31st of March, but for most areas the accumulating snow didnt start until after midnight. The snow came down thick and heavy in all of Massachusetts, except on Nantucket where a trace of snow fell. Boston recorded 25 inches of snow. Two days after the storm temperatures moderated back into the 60s, which melted all of the snow. ***** KU

WINTER 1997/1998

December 1997 -14th: A minor snowfall occurred. Boston received a tenth of an inch. -23rd: The largest snowfall of the month of December. This storm was unexpected and because of this, many towns were unprepared. A record 8 inches per hour fell in the towns of Ayer and Townsend; upwards of two feet of snow fell in Middlesex County. This storm brought a white Christmas for many in Massachusetts. This system is also known as the Christmas Snow Bomb. ****1/2 -25th: A quick moving storm brought of an inch to Boston. The snow was capped off by freezing rain and drizzle. ** -27th/28th: This was a promising system. Originally it was forecast to bring 5 to 10 inches of snow to Cape Cod and southeast Massachusetts. The storm however moved too quickly out to sea and instead dropped a maximum of 3 inches in parts of Bristol County. * -30th: A powerful storm moving up the Hudson Valley in New York brought light to moderate snow to Massachusetts. Most of the snow stayed west of Worcester, where 3 inches was reported. * January 1998 -16th: This storm was very large for residents outside of Massachusetts. Inside the Bay State itself 10 inches fell at Haverhill. ** -19th: A fast moving snowfall dropped up to 4 inches in Plymouth County. By nightfall the storm was well offshore. *

-23rd: Another potent storm dropped up to 6 inches in the Merrimack Valley. The storm was more of a top performer in the Connecticut River Valley. * -25th: Heavy rain changed over to wet snow early in the morning. Total accumulations were light, with the highest amount being 3 inches in Norwell. * -28th: A large low pressure system at sea backed into Cape Cod. Precipitation was mostly rain, however 2 inches was reported at Hyannis. High winds also accompanied this event. * -30th: Light snow fell in central Massachusetts. Charlemont reported an inch. * February 1998 -17th/19th: An intense low brought high winds and heavy rains to Massachusetts. A band of 2 inch accumulation fell from Shelburne in the west to Tully Lake in the east. Elsewhere amounts from a trace to a dusting were reported. * -23rd: Snowfall was confined to central and western Massachusetts. Hawley reported 4 inches. The rest of the state escaped with heavy rain and high winds. * March 1998 -22nd: A late season snowfall brought up to 5 inches to central Massachusetts. A little further west in Worthington 6 inches fell. This was the last major event of the winter. ** April 1998 -10th: An intense storm brought a trace of snow to Worcester. Elsewhere the storm was a rain event. * WINTER 1998/1999 December 1998 -23rd/24th: The first storm of December was relatively minor; however it did bring a white Christmas to much of southeast Massachusetts. The highest recorded accumulation from this event was 9 inches measured in Plymouth. Elsewhere in the region accumulations less than 8 inches were the norm. *** 1/2 -29th/30th: A powerful cold front brought up to 7 inches in Phillipston. On the coast, rain primarily fell. * January 1999 -1st: Technically this snowfall started New Years Eve, but the bulk of it fell on the 1st. Snowfall was confined to Nantucket and Marthas Vineyard. Nantucket reported 6 inches. ***

-6th/7th: A solid area of snowfall fell from southeast Massachusetts to the Connecticut Valley. The maximum of 2 inches was reported in New Bedford. ** -8th: Yet another storm brought snow to Massachusetts. The storm was moderate in nature, especially on Cape Ann and northern Essex County where Amesbury reported 4 inches. It was also moderate in the foothills of the Berkshires, where 4 inches of snow fell at Goshen. ** -13th: The first large storm of the winter occurred. Places on the south shore reported 16 inches. The cape reported significantly lower amounts, with Chatham reporting 1 inch. *** -27th: This was mainly an event for eastern Massachusetts. Gloucester reported 9 inches. West of 495 the snow tapered considerably. ** February 1999 -7th: This event should not be included here, as it was primarily a Connecticut and Rhode Island Special. New Bedford received a trace. * -26th: The first major storm of the winter. Places on Cape Cod received 24 inches. Nantucket received 17 inches. Edgartown, on the Vineyard reported 19 inches. North of the pike, snow amounts tapered considerably. **** March 1999 -6th/7th: A moderate snow event. The highest amounts occurred across northern Massachusetts, where 11 inches was measured in Haverhill. *** -12th: Light snow lingered on the back edge of an intense ocean low. Central Massachusetts received the most accumulation. Gardner reported 4 inches. ** -14th: The last snowfall of the winter. This storm is underrated for many reasons. The storm performed very well for southeast Massachusetts. The cape received up to 10 inches. New Bedford received 11 inches. Further out on the islands, 6 to 8 inches was the norm. **** WINTER 1999/2000 December 1999 -28th: A low pressure system offshore brought a quick inch to Nantucket. Elsewhere the snowfall was nonexistent. * January 2000 -13th: The first snowfall of the season impacted the state. The storm was a performer in central Massachusetts, where Athol reported 9 inches. Along the coast, mixing was an issue and amounts tapered off to no more than 2 inches on the islands. **

-20th: A large and intense low pressure system offshore impacted Cape Cod and the islands. Several places including Nantucket reported 10 inches. Drifting was a major concern with this storm, as were high winds. The storm ushered in a relatively cold period for a majority of the state. *** -25th: This storm is known as the Carolina Crusher because of its impact on the Tar Heel State. In Massachusetts however, the storm was a relative dud for those on the coast. One had to travel inland to experience any major effects. Erving, a town in Franklin County reported 14 inches. Damage in Massachusetts was relatively minor, unlike further south. **** KU -30th: A quick moving storm brought minor accumulations to central and western Massachusetts. Deerfield reported 6 inches. February 2000 -3rd: Another insignificant event, this was more of a performer for Nantucket where 5 inches of snow fell. -18th: The first major event of the month. Boston reported 8 inches. The larger snowfall amounts fell across southern New Hampshire and on Cape Ann, where Manchester-by-the-Sea reported 11 inches. March 2000 -11th: This was a two faced event. In central Massachusetts up to 6 inches fell at Greenfield. Nearest the coast, up to 3 1/2 inches of rain fell, most notably at New Bedford. -17th: Saint Patricks Day was white. The storm itself was relatively minor. Townsend reported 3 inches. THE 2000S

WINTER 2000/2001

December 2000 -8th: The first snowfall of the winter was a minor affair. 2 inches fell in central Massachusetts. Very little fell near the coast.

-14th: This snowfall was larger than the event on the 8th. 5 inches fell in Amesbury. Amounts tapered off as one went south and west. -20th: Another minor and insignificant storm. This was more of an event for central and western Massachusetts. Winchendon reported 4 inches. -22nd: Very light snow fell across much of the state. Hyannis, a village of Barnstable reported an inch. -30th: This was the first in a string of large scale events. The low developed off of Delaware and moved northward. The storm was supposed to be relatively minor, but explosive deepening amplified the system. Snowfall totals were large, especially in central and western Massachusetts. A foot fell in Townsend, in Middlesex County. Along the coast the storm was a rain event. Winds were high with the low; Falmouth reported a 61 mph gust. **** KU January 2001 -5th: This event was not as large as the one less than a week prior; however it did cause a few problems. Lowell reported 5 inches. -9th: Another minor event. This snowfall dropped 5 inches in Hopkinton. Elsewhere less than 4 inches of snow fell. -15th: Once again this was more of an event for northern Massachusetts. 4 inches fell at Townsend. -20th: Twenty days after the December 30th storm, another large scale event took place. The storm itself has been relegated to obscurity. Overall the storm itself performed very well, especially in southeastern Massachusetts; where up to 10 inches fell in Taunton. Elsewhere the snow came thick and heavy. The islands however received an inch apiece. ** February 2001 -2nd: Heavy snow squalls impacted the state. Thunder was heard in many locales outside of Massachusetts. The squalls themselves died before reaching the coast. -5th: This was the second large scale event of the winter. The storm was quite powerful and provided up to 2 feet of snow in central Massachusetts. Warren reported 24 inches on the nose. Sandwich, a town on Cape Cod reported an inch. Unfortunately this storm itself is overshadowed by the event that would occur a month later on nearly the same date. *** -8th: Three days after the significant snowstorm, a smaller event occurred. The axis of the heaviest snowfall stretched from Cohasset to Wakefield, where 2 inches fell. -22nd: A moderate event for eastern Massachusetts. Nantucket reported 6 inches.

March 2001 -4th/6th: This storm was supposed to be the Storm of the Century. Forecasts ahead of the storm itself called for snow to be measured in feet and not inches. Residents from Boston to Baltimore were expected to wake up to three feet of snow. A storm did develop, just not in the right place. This storm has been called the Bust of the Century by many meteorologists and hobbyists alike. The highest accumulations were reported across extreme northern Massachusetts, southern New Hampshire, and southwestern Maine. Two feet fell at Blue Hill Observatory. Wakefield, a town in Middlesex County reported 27 inches. Worcester reported 22 inches. A foot fell across northern Bristol County. Buckland, in Franklin County reported 30 inches. Marthas Vineyard reported 2 inches. After the storm ended, the general public began to take the cry wolf approach, and in some cases meteorologists were somewhat untrustworthy. -9th: A significantly smaller storm. It dumped up to a foot of snow in Andover. Across southeastern Massachusetts less than an inch fell in most places. -27th: This was a southeast Massachusetts Special. Fairhaven reported 10 inches. The cape was also hit hard. WINTER 2001/2002

December 2001 -8th: Snow fell for the first time for the season. Up to 9 inches fell in northern Massachusetts. This was the only snowfall of the month. January 2002 -6th/7th: A large scale event for western Massachusetts. 10 inches fell in Williamstown. -13th: Another quick hitting snowfall. Most of the accumulations were in east-central Massachusetts. 6 inches fell at Blue Hill. The cape reported an inch. -17th: Yet again another minor event impacted Massachusetts; 3 inches fell at Tully Lake. -19th: This storm is famous for occurring during the Patriots-Raiders, or Tuck Rule game. Had the storm not taken place during this event it would be obscure. 6 inches of snow fell in Petersham and Chester. Elsewhere the storm was pretty mundane. February 2002 -1st: This was an event for east central and northern Massachusetts. 3 inches fell at Walpole. -17th: An event for western Massachusetts. Shutesbury reported 5 inches.

-27th: Once again central Massachusetts received snowfall. Worcester reported 2 inches of snow. March 2002 -20th: The finale of a winter with a paucity of snow. 10 inches fell in Huntington. East of the Connecticut River, lesser amounts fell. This storm was the last noticeable event of the winter; a winter that was by all standards below normal.

WINTER 2002/2003 November 2002 -16th: A combination of freezing rain and snow impacted Massachusetts. The snow occurred in a narrow band that stretched from Hampden County to Essex County. Goshen reported 4 inches. -27th: A small area of Hampden County, from Southwick to East Longmeadow reported 8 inches. The bulk of the snow fell across central and northern Massachusetts. Sturbridge reported the highest amount of snowfall at 9 inches. December 2002 -2nd: Fast moving storm dumped 3 inches of snow in Sandwich. Boston missed out on this storm. -5th: The winters first large event. The storm itself is relegated to obscurity due to larger events that occurred later in the winter. The highest total in Massachusetts was 8 inches in the town of Bourne. The cape managed to make out with the jackpot of the storm. -11th: This was a northwestern Massachusetts event. Shelburne recorded 8 inches and Goshen to the southwest received 10 inches. The coast received nothing. -16th: Another minor event. Snow extended from the Berkshires to Attleboro. Attleboro received 4 inches. -25th/26th: Christmas 2002 was white for New England. The storm developed over the Midwest on the 23rd and moved through New England on Christmas Day. The snowfall was quite heavy across central and western Massachusetts. Middlefield, a town in Hampshire County reported 18 inches. Byfield, a village of Newbury reported 15 inches with 3 foot drifts. On the coast, the precipitation was primarily rain. The low also deepened off the coast to 974 Mb. The storm also packed high winds above 45 mph in most places. ***** January 2003

-1st: 2003 was rung in with a snowfall for central Massachusetts. Chicopee reported 6 inches of snow. There was also a coastal front that had set up. Temperatures on the cape and islands were near 50 degrees. -3rd: A potent storm that quickly moved through the state dropped over a foot of snow in Haverhill, a city in Essex County; however the true jackpot was 21 inches in Ashfield. As in the storm on the 1st, the coast received rain from this event. -9th: A storm moving through northern New England brought light snow to the northern portion of the state. -17th/18th: Ocean Effect Snow formed north of the cape and moved southward. Orleans received 4 inches. -23rd/24th: Another Ocean Effect Snowfall impacted the cape. Wellfleet and Harwich both received 7 inches respectively. There was no snow reported off cape. -26th/27th: An Arctic cold front and associated upper air disturbance brought 4 inches of snow to Amherst. The rest of the state squeaked by with nothing. February 2003 -1st/2nd: A quick moving storm brought 6 inches to a swath of Middlesex County. The rest of Massachusetts outside of Middlesex and Worcester Counties did not receive anything. -7th: A large system brought 17 inches to Blue Hill Observatory. Elsewhere the storm was an equal opportunity event. Cape Cod and the islands received upwards of a foot. The further north one went, the less snow there was on the ground. This event is overshadowed by the next event. -17th/18th: Presidents Day II. The storm itself was not very strong; in fact the central pressure never went below 1010 Mb. Conditions were perfect for snow. The snow began during the early morning hours of the 17th. By afternoon snow was falling everywhere in the state. Thunder was reported at Nantucket. The snow ended after 3 PM for the eastern part of the state. Mixing was also a problem on the islands. Cleanup took nearly a week after the storm. Montgomery reported 2 feet of snow. Rockport was the true winner with 28 inches of snow. There were no areas of light accumulation. ***** KU March 2003 -6th: The last snowstorm of a tumultuous winter. Southern Massachusetts bore the brunt of the storm. The highest accumulation was 10 inches at Chatham. WINTER 2003/2004 December 2003

-5th/7th: The winter of 03/04 started in spectacular fashion. The storm began in earnest on the 5th and by nightfall was in full swing. On the 6th the storm changed over to rain on the islands. Wind was high with this storm. The system sat offshore and then began to slowly move. By the 7th the storm was on the wane and by midnight was completely diminished. Peabody, on the north shore received just shy of 3 feet. Elsewhere snow was measured in feet and not inches. Boston received 19 inches. **** KU -14th/15th: A noreaster raged across New England. Snowfall amounts were moderate. Russell reported 11 inches. Most of the state was still digging out from the previous storm. January 2004 -2nd: Very light snow fell in central Massachusetts. Amherst reported 1 inches. -4th/5th: Another round of very light snowfall occurred in the state. Accumulations were confined to northern Massachusetts however. -12th: Light snowfall gave most of the state under 3 inches. -14th/15th: A quick moving Alberta Clipper brought 3 inches of snow to Nantucket. Elsewhere the snow was very light. -18th: For the fourth time in the month, light snowfall was reported in Massachusetts. Hopedale received the most, with 3 inches. -27th/28th: Moderate snowfall occurred through the state. Several areas of 5 inch plus accumulations were reported. One such area was Nantucket, where 6 inches was reported.