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Lesson 3.

4 Zeros of Polynomials

Rational Zeros Theorem


If the polynomial P( x) an x n an1 x n1 ... a1 x a0 has integer coefficients, then every rational zero of P is of the form

p where p is a factor of the constant q

coefficient a0 and q is a factor of the leading coefficient an

List all possible rational zeros given by the Rational Zeros Theorem. 4 3 1. P x x 3x 6 x 8

5 3 2. P x 12 x 6 x 2 x 8

Find all rational zeros of the polynomial, and write the polynomial in factored form.

Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

3.

P x x3 7 x 2 14 x 8

Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

Find all rational zeros of the polynomial, and write the polynomial in factored form.
4 3 2 4. P x x 2 x 3x 8x 4

Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

Find all rational zeros of the polynomial, and write the polynomial in factored form.
4 3 2 5. P x 2 x x 19 x 9 x 9

Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

Find all real zeros of the polynomial. Use the quadratic formula if necessary.
3 2 6. P x x 5x 2 x 12

Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

Find all real zeros of the polynomial. Use the quadratic formula if necessary.
4 3 2 7. P x x 2 x 2 x 3x 2

Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

A. The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra


If f(x) is a polynomial of degree n, where n > 0, then f has at least one zero in the complex number system. This means that if the degree is 3, you will have 3 zeros (2 could be imaginary and 1 could be real, or you could have 3 real zeros) Conjugate Zeros Theorem: Complex zeros always come in conjugate pairs (a + bi) and (a bi) 2i and -2i, 5 + i and 5 i, 3 + 2i and 3 2i

A polynomial P is given. (a) Find all zeros of P, real and complex. (b) Factor P completely. (c) State the multiplicity of each zero. 5 3 1. P x x 9 x

4 2 2. P x x 6 x 9

Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

A polynomial P is given. (a) Find all zeros of P, real and complex. (b) Factor P completely. (c) State the multiplicity of each zero. 3 3. P x x 8

2 4. P x x 8x 17

Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

A polynomial P is given. (a) Find all zeros of P, real and complex. (b) Factor P completely. (c) State the multiplicity of each zero. 4 5. P x x 625

3 2 6. P x x x x

Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

A polynomial P is given. (a) Find all zeros of P, real and complex. (b) Factor P completely. (c) State the multiplicity of each zero. 5 3 7. P x x 7 x

6 3 8. P x x 16 x 64

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Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

Find a polynomial with integer coefficients that satisfies the given conditions. 1. P has degree 2 and zeros 1 i 2 and 1 i 2

2. P has degree 3 and zeros 0 and i

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Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

Find a polynomial with integer coefficients that satisfies the given conditions. 1. P has degree 4 and zeros 1 2i and 1, with 1 a zero with multiplicity 2.

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Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

Find all zeros of the polynomial.


3 2 1. P x x 7 x 17 x 15

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Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

Find all real zeros of the polynomial.


3 2 2. P x x 7 x 18x 18

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Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

Find all real zeros of the polynomial.


3 3. P x x x 6

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Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

Find all real zeros of the polynomial.


4 3 2 4. P x x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3

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Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

A Polynomial P is given. (a) Factor P into linear and irreducible quadratic factors with real coefficients. (b) Factor P completely into linear factors with complex coefficients.
3 1. P x x 2 x 4

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Lesson 3.4 Zeros of Polynomials

A Polynomial P is given. (a) Factor P into linear and irreducible quadratic factors with real coefficients. (b) Factor P completely into linear factors with complex coefficients.
4 2 2. P x x 8x 16

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