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PHYSICAL CONSTANTS

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Physical constants

73

1. PHYSICAL CONSTANTS

Table 1.1. Reviewed 2000 by P.J. Mohr and B.N. Taylor (NIST). Based mainly on the CODATA Recommended Values of the Fundamental

Physical Constants: 1998 by P.J. Mohr and B.N. Taylor, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 28, 1713 (1999) and Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 351 (2000). The

last group of constants (beginning with the Fermi coupling constant) comes from the Particle Data Group. The figures in parentheses after the

values give the 1-standard-deviation uncertainties in the last digits; the corresponding uncertainties in parts per billion (ppb) are given in the

last column. This set of constants (aside from the last group) is recommended for international use by CODATA (the Committee on Data for

Science and Technology). The full 1998 CODATA set of constants may be found at http://physics.nist.gov/constants

Quantity

Symbol, equation

Planck constant

Planck constant, reduced

electron charge magnitude

conversion constant

conversion constant

Value

Uncertainty (ppb)

s1

c

h

6.626 068 76(52)1034 J s

1.054 571 596(82)1034 J s

= 6.582 118 89(26)1022 MeV s

1.602 176 462(63)1019 C = 4.803 204 20(19)1010 esu

197.326 960 2(77) MeV fm

0.389 379 292(30) GeV2 mbarn

~ h/2

e

~c

(~c)2

exact

78

78

39

39, 39

39

78

deuteron mass

unified atomic mass unit (u)

938.271 998(38) MeV/c2 = 1.672 621 58(13)1027 kg

= 1.007 276 466 88(13) u = 1836.152 667 5(39) me

1875.612 762(75) MeV/c2

md

(mass 12 C atom)/12 = (1 g)/(NA mol) 931.494 013(37) MeV/c2 = 1.660 538 73(13)1027 kg

permeability of free space

0 = 1/0 c2

0

4 107 N A2 = 12.566 370 614 . . . 107 N A2

fine-structure constant

classical electron radius

(e Compton wavelength)/2

Bohr radius (mnucleus = )

wavelength of 1 eV/c particle

Rydberg energy

Thomson cross section

= e2 /40 ~c

re = e2 /40 me c2

e = ~/me c = re 1

a = 40 ~2 /me e2 = re 2

hc/e

hcR = me e4 /2(40 )2 ~2 = me c2 2 /2

T = 8re2 /3

2.817 940 285(31)1015 m

3.861 592 642(28)1013 m

0.529 177 208 3(19)1010 m

1.239 841 857(49)106 m

13.605 691 72(53) eV

0.665 245 854(15) barn

Bohr magneton

nuclear magneton

electron cyclotron freq./field

proton cyclotron freq./field

B = e~/2me

N = e~/2mp

e /B = e/m

cycl

e

p

/B = e/mp

cycl

5.788

3.152

1.758

9.578

749(43)1011 MeV T1

238(24)1014 MeV T1

174(71)1011 rad s1 T1

08(38)107 rad s1 T1

7.3

7.6

40

40

gravitational constant

GN

gn

6.673(10)1011 m3 kg1 s2

= 6.707(10)1039 ~c (GeV/c2 )2

9.806 65 m s2

1.5 106

1.5 106

exact

Avogadro constant

Boltzmann constant

NA

k

Wien displacement law constant

Stefan-Boltzmann constant

b = max T

= 2 k 4 /60~3 c2

GF /(~c)3

b Z ) (MS)

sin2 (M

mW

mZ

s (mZ )

electron mass

proton mass

me

mp

weak-mixing angle

W boson mass

Z 0 boson mass

strong coupling constant

4

1 in 0.0254 m

1 G 10 T

1

A 0.1 nm

1 dyne 105 N

1 barn 1028 m2

381

451

820

834

9000

7 105

7 105

2.4 104

1.7 107

1 eV = 1.602 176 462(63) 10

1 eV/c = 1.782 661 731(70) 10

19

36

0 C 273.15 K

kg

1 atmosphere 760 Torr 101 325 Pa

The meter is the length of the path traveled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299 792 458 of a second.

At Q2 = 0. At Q2 m2W the value is approximately 1/128.

Absolute lab measurements of G have been made only on scales of 1 mm to 1 m.

N

See the discussion in Sec. 10, Electroweak model and constraints on new physics.

The corresponding sin2 for the effective angle is 0.23147(16).

3.7,3.7

11

7.3

3.7

39

39

22

79

1700

1700

1700

1700

7000

80.419(56) GeV/c2

91.1882(22) GeV/c2

0.1185(20)

exact

exact

1.380 650 3(24)1023 J K1

= 8.617 342(15)105 eV K1

22.413 996(39)103 m3 mol1

2.897 768 6(51)103 m K

5.670 400(40)108 W m2 K4

0.23117(16)

40, 79

40, 79

0.13, 2.1

40

40, 79

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