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MSc Building Services Engineering

MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide


1. Welcome 3
2. Introduction 4
3. Aims of the programme 4
4. Programme learning outcomes 5
5. Programme structure 6
6. Module descriptions 7
7. Progression 11
8. Learning Teaching and Assessment 11
9. Learning Support 14
10. Contributing to the Development of Your Course 16
11. Useful Links for Students 16
MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
1. Welcome

Allow me to extend a warm welcome to you to London South Bank University
(LSBU). As Course Director for the MSc programmes I am responsible for
admissions, content, quality and smooth running of the course. I will be your main
point of contact if you have any queries or difficulties during your studies, and you
should feel free to call or email me. The other important contact is the Course
Administrator, Jo Hillman, who will take care of issues such as your enrolment status
or sending out marks. On all academic matters you should either deal with the
lecturer concerned, or come to me. Be sure to let me know if any circumstances
arise that may affect your studies, because the University will wish to support you, as
far as it can, to complete your course.

Building Services Engineering has a long and reputable history here at LSBU, with
the original National College of Heating, Air Conditioning and Fan Engineering being
set up on this site more than sixty years ago. The teaching team on this course has
strong links with the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE)
and the Energy Institute, both of which accredit our courses. Staff are also involved
with other relevant institutions: the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the Institute
of Refrigeration, the Institute of Acoustics, ASHRAE. This helps to ensure the
professional and industrial relevance of our courses, and we are recognised as
national leaders in this field.

We run a full range of courses in Building Services are accredited for either
Incorporated or Chartered Engineer. This MSc has been accredited by CIBSE and
the Energy Institute as further learning required in becoming qualified as a Chartered
Engineer. However, this approval depends on your first degree. You should contact
the Institution concerned if you want to know more about professional engineer

We aim to ensure you have a high quality learning experience and we use a range of
measures to keep the course relevant and up to date. The assessment process is
overseen by external examiners who ensure the assessment is fair and consistent.
Our Industrial Advisory Board meets once or twice a year to hear about course
developments, and provides advice about how the course might be developed.

We invite your feedback from end of module questionnaires, which tells us where we
can improve the course. We also have course boards, where student representatives
discuss any problems with the whole teaching team, and I would encourage you to
consider acting as a representative.

Finally, we have a very active programme of research, which feeds into the courses
and ensures that the material delivered to you is at the leading edge of Building
Services Engineering.

I hope you enjoy your studies at LSBU and find it a rewarding and enriching

Gordon Lowry
Course Director
MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
2. Introduction

This guide explains the aims, content and structure of the course, and is intended to
be read in conjunction with the other booklets given to you on enrolment. Please
read these documents as they will help you to understand the way the University
operates, who you should contact to answer your queries, and give you general
guidance on studying at London South Bank University.

Course Director:

Dr Gordon Lowry
MSc Building Services Engineering
MSc Sustainable Energy Systems
Room: T612
Tel: 020 7815 7214

Course Administrator:

Jo Hillman
Room: T318
Tel: 020 7815 7106

3. Aims of the programme

This programme is intended for engineers who need to enhance their skills and
knowledge in the field of building services engineering. It is also intended to provide
the Masters level academic requirements leading to Chartered Engineer status when
following on from an appropriate accredited BEng degree.

We aim:
to provide a broad basis of advanced understanding in the technological
areas of designing, assessing and controlling the built environment;
to examine the interactions between built and natural environments;
to develop understanding of current and emerging industry approaches to
improve building performance against the criteria of comfort, productivity and
energy efficiency.

MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
4. Programme learning outcomes

A. Students will acquire knowledge and understanding of:

A1 How building form modifies the internal environment
A2 Design and analytical techniques to create safe, comfortable and productive
A3 Developments in building services systems and equipment that achieve required
conditions efficiently and effectively
A4 Environmental systems, markets and external influences that have impact on the
role of the building services engineer.
A5 Standards, Codes of Practice and regulatory instruments relating to building
services and energy engineering, and their limitations.

B. Students will develop their intellectual skills such that they are able to:

B1 Identify and access key sources of information, and evaluate this information
B2 Evaluate, use and adapt design methodologies for efficient building engineering
B3 Analyse complex problems and synthesise information
B4 Develop rational arguments in order to support a particular strategy
B5 Examine commercial risks and make investment appraisals
B6 Apply good business and management practices

C. Students will acquire and develop practical skills in Engineering analysis
such that they are able to:

C1. Construct and use mathematical models to analyse multi-variable problems
C2. Design building services systems fit for their purpose
C3. Use and appraise design guidance materials appropriately, including application
to unfamiliar situations
C4. Select and specify appropriate equipment to fulfil specific design functions

D. Students will acquire and develop transferable skills such that they are able

D1. Research and collect literature from a wide range of sources.
D2. Write reports that convey complex information and concepts both concisely and
D3. Use advanced techniques in spreadsheets and other software for data handling
and manipulation.
D4. Communicate effectively with other disciplines in the building services industry.
D5. Plan and maintain a programme of individual research activity.

MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
5. Programme structure

The course comprises six taught 20-credit modules and a 60-credit dissertation.
Because the content of the course needs to remain sufficiently current, the maximum
period of registration for the whole programme is five years.

The modules are:
Thermal Environment, Acoustics and Lighting
Heating and Energy in Buildings
Energy Resource and Use Analysis
Electrical Power
Sustainable Refrigeration
Ventilation and Air Conditioning
Dissertation Project
You may elect to leave with a Postgraduate Diploma (PgDip) on successful
completion of the taught modules.

The programme may be studied full time (one year) or part time (two and half years).
The delivery structures for the two modes are shown in Tables 1 and 2.

The completion date for the Major Project is:
end of October after completion of year 1 for full-time students; and
end of Semester 1 after completion of year 2 for part-time students.

Table 1 Full Time study
Semester 1
Day 1 Day 2
Thermal Environment, Acoustics and
Sustainable Refrigeration
Electrical Power

Semester 2
Day 1 Day 2
Heating and Energy in Buildings Ventilation and Air Conditioning
Energy Resource and Use Analysis



MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
Table 2 Part Time study
Year 1
Semester 1
Thermal Environment, Acoustics and
Electrical Power
Semester 2
Heating and Energy in Buildings
Energy Resource and Use Analysis
Year 2
Semester 1
Sustainable Refrigeration
Semester 2
Ventilation and Air Conditioning
Year 3
Semester 1

6. Module Descriptions

At the beginning of each module you will be provided with a module guide that
details the aims and learning outcomes, the type of assessment, module content and
teaching programme. This section gives brief descriptions of the contents of each

EUB_7_960 Thermal Environment, Acoustics and Lighting
Physics and measurement of light and its production, methods of lighting system
design, daylight assessment and energy-saving.
The concepts of the behaviour of sound and its measurement, the factors affecting
noise within and around a building and its control, noise reduction.
Internal and external design criteria, heat losses, heating load, insulating materials,
risk of surface and interstitial condensation, heat gain in buildings, control of heat
gains, natural ventilation in buildings.
50% end of unit written exam
50% group project including peer assessment

Module leader: Mrs Kika Yiakoumetti 020 7815 7657

MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
EUB_7_127 Heating and Energy in Buildings
Introduction to systems - Main components of systems. Boilers, emitters, calorifiers,
chillers and air handling units, split systems. Ancillary equipment including pumps,
fans and pipework.
Thermal response of buildings - Intermittent heating and combined capacitance
models for assessing building and plant response.
Plant sizing - Traditional plant sizing procedures and their weaknesses. Methods for
the economic optimum sizing of boilers. Theoretical and practical of optimum start
Distribution and control - Distribution systems. Principles of pipework design,
Pressure distribution diagrams and safe operation of systems, Pump selection,
network analysis and VSD control, System controls: thermostatic radiator valves,
weather compensation.
Central plant configuration and control - Analysis of system interaction with control of
boiler and chiller plant. The need for primary and secondary circuits. Multiple boiler
configurations and sequencing options. Boiler condensing operation and plant
Hot water services - Determining DHW requirements. Storage sizing and reheat
Analysis of Energy Consumption - Common methods of predictive energy use
calculations e.g. degree days and bin method and their applicability to heating.
Improved degree-day techniques for monthly energy estimations. The use of these
techniques in benchmarking, weather normalising and monitoring and targeting.
50% Coursework assignment
50% Examination
Module leader: Dr Issa Chaer 020 7815 7149

EUB_7_962 Energy Resource and Use Analysis
Energy and Environment - An introduction to the principles of climate change, and
political developments aimed at mitigation (e.g. Kyoto agreement and government
targets). Local and global environmental impacts from different technologies
including fossil fuels, nuclear and renewables. The tension between the
environmentalist and the economist perspectives. Typical consumption split by fuel
and by sector at a national and international level.
Fossil fuel resources- Hubbert model for assessment of finite resources. The
difference between reserves and resources and the relationship of demand to
recovery of fossil fuels. The markets for oil, gas and coal. Geographical perspective
on resource deposits and exploration activities.
Energy markets and energy policy - Structure of the electricity market, and trading
and pricing mechanisms. Government energy policy, current legislation and future
frameworks. Controlling of emissions through regulation and fiscal measures, e.g.
taxes, levies or tradeable permits. Encouragement of new technology through
subsidy, regulation or market stimulation.
MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
Supply Technologies - Review of thermodynamic cycles and their relationship to
financial and environmental analysis. Evaluation of steam and gas turbines, CCGT,
Modelling of energy systems - Understanding the need for, and use of, heat and
power load profiles. Developing algorithms for energy, cost and carbon savings on
site using CHP or renewable energy technologies. Constructing spreadsheet models
to conduct feasibility studies
100% Coursework in two parts

Module leader: Dr Rusdy Hartungi 020 7815 7197

EUB_7_963 Electrical Power
Electrical energy supply, standby power supplies and switchgear. Design of
electrical protection and distribution in accordance with industry standards and
Power flow, voltage stability, short circuit analysis, protection and earthing.
Principles of electrical machines and power electronic devices used in buildings, and
the effect of their use on electrical distribution networks. UPS systems, rectification
and inversion.
Embedded generation, technical aspects, location, impact on central generation.
Accommodation and integration into the built environment. Power quality and
Life-safety engineering systems.
70% Closed-book examination
30% Coursework

Module Leader: Dr Gordon Lowry 020 7815 7214

EUB_7_ 964 Sustainable Refrigeration
Introduction to thermodynamics and heat transfer; vapour compression cycles
calculations using pressure/ enthalpy charts; system efficiencies and performance of
Chilled water and direct refrigerant systems; evaporator types, methods of heat
rejection, compressor options and refrigeration controls; capacity control techniques.
Optimisation of components for capital and running costs; strategies for reducing
refrigeration load;
Heat pump technology and heat recovery using thermal cycles;
Ground source heat pumps: design and modelling of ground heat exchangers;
ground cooling;
Ozone depletion, global warming effects, refrigerants including near azeotropic
blends, hydrocarbon, carbon dioxide and ammonia.
MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
Absorption refrigeration: double and triple effect; Absorption refrigeration used in
conjunction with solar energy and combined heat and power systems; tri-generation.
Topical case studies from research and industry.
100% Coursework

Module Leader: Prof Graeme Maidment 020 7815 7626

EUB_7_ 131 Ventilation and Air Conditioning
Overview of: Indoor design conditions, outdoor air design conditions.
Heat gains, Dynamic Load Calculations The application of non-steady state load
Air conditioning systems and associated controls: constant volume supply only, CV
with recirculation with or without free cooling, variable air volume, dual duct, fan coil,
zoning, characteristics and application of control systems
Characteristics, performance and application of air conditioning components
including humidifiers, fans, air filters, cooling and heating coils.
Ventilation systems, natural ventilation, mechanical, mixed mode, filters, selection
and application of fans, duct design.
Heat recovery: evaluation, selection and application of heat recovery systems
Operational analysis: Commissioning, operation and maintenance procedures and
Codes of Practice; balancing of fluid flow systems.
50% Examination
50% Coursework.

Module Leader: Mrs Kika Yiakoumetti 020 7815 7657

EUE_7_965 Dissertation Project
The primary aim of the project is to provide an opportunity for students to develop
their research skills by applying them to problems that require in-depth and
innovative thinking. The topic for the project will be directly related to the
specialisation being studied and the student will be expected to identify a suitable
area of study in their chosen specialisation.

For full-time students the projects will normally be in University being either research
or, exceptionally, design based. For part-time students the project would normally be
related to the student's place of employment.

The project provides 60 level-7credits.

Module Leader: Dr Steve Dance 020 7815 7672

MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
7. Progression

The Masters degree requires students to study modules which carry a total credit
value of 180; in this programme the 180 credits are made up of six level 7 modules
of 20 credits each and a Masters dissertation module of 60 credits. Each module is
separately assessed on the basis of defined learning outcomes, either by an
examination, by coursework, or by a mixture of the two.
In order to pass a module a student is required to achieve a mark of at least 50%.
Where there is more than one component of assessment (e.g. course work and
examination), the student must achieve at least the minimum threshold mark of 40%
for each component and the weighted average mark for all the components must be
at least 50%.
The programme includes a progression point between the taught part and the
dissertation. A student who passes all of the taught modules will be allowed to
progress to the dissertation.
A student who fails a limited number of modules may, at the discretion of the Board
of Examiners, attempt to make good the failures before the start of the next
academic year and, if successful, progress. A student who fails more will normally
be permitted to make good the failures in the following year; in such a case the
student will have to pay the fees for the modules, will be recommended to attend the
failed modules, and will be required to complete all the assessments associated with
the modules. Where a student successfully makes good a failure the mark recorded
for the module will be 50%.
A student who passes at least three modules, and who is unable to continue his/her
studies, may be awarded the PgCert. A student who passes six modules, and who
is unable to continue his/her studies, may be awarded the PgDip.
The Board of Examiners does reserve the right to require a student who has failed
more than three modules to withdraw from the course.
A student who passes the dissertation module will receive the award of the Masters
degree. A student with an overall weighted average of 70% or above across all
modules of the MSc programme will be awarded the Masters degree with Distinction.
An overall mark in the range of 60-69% will be awarded Masters degree with Merit.
A student who fails the dissertation may, at the discretion of the Board of Examiners,
be permitted to re-submit and, if successful, be awarded the Masters degree. Where
a student successfully makes good this failure the mark recorded for the dissertation
module will be 50%.

8. Learning Teaching and Assessment

Teaching and learning strategy
This uses a mix of formal lectures and student centred learning. Formal lectures
deliver core material, and use group and individual tutorial sessions to underpin
understanding. Assessed coursework is major vehicle for the student to develop
deep understanding of the concepts.

MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
The Universitys web-based Blackboard service is used to provide both core and
additional materials to enhance off-site learning, and provide an additional interface
between student and lecturer.

Intellectual skills will be developed using problem centred approaches through
coursework assignments backed up with appropriate tutorials to underpin the core
concepts. Formal lectures will deliver the fundamental concepts and demonstrate the
rationale for adopting different problem solving strategies.

Practical skills will be developed through a mix of coursework assignments and
tutorial work. Learning outcomes of specific coursework briefs will specify which
techniques and problem solving methods will be required to complete the tasks.
Keynote lectures and group and individual tutorial support will be given throughout.

Transferable skills are embedded into the coursework assignments. Key IT skills will
be developed through having to solve problems using specific IT tools (e.g.
spreadsheets, dynamic modelling packages, or bespoke design software).
Communication skills will be developed by feeding back progress on coursework.

Assessment will be predominantly through coursework assignments, although
fundamental knowledge in introductory modules will be assessed by formal closed
book examination.

Intellectual skills will be assessed primarily through the use of coursework
assignments. The student will have to demonstrate, by written report or viva voce
where appropriate, that techniques and analyses have been fully understood and
have been used appropriately and to full advantage.

The majority of transferable skills will be assessed through coursework. Marking
schemes will include components for clear and effective communication and correct
use of IT.

All course work must be submitted via the Faculty Office, Room T313, Tower Block,
Borough Road.

MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
Assessment Map
Semester 1 Semester 2
Acoustics and
50% Building analysis project. Staged submission
50% Exam

Electrical Power
30% Embedded generation design project
70% Exam

Heating and Energy
in Buildings

50% Sizing and selection report
Analysis of building energy
50% Exam
Energy Resource
and Use Analysis

40% Report on factors in the use
of embedded energy
60% Feasibility study of an
energy generating
100% Lab reports
Ventilation and Air

50% Integrated design group
50% Exam

MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
9. Learning Support

The University places a high priority on providing support for students. This support
is provided by a combination of services, both centrally in the University and locally
at the programme level. Much of the support focuses on developing students skills
to enhance their performance on the programme and to facilitate their transition to

Programme level support
The personal tutor is normally the Course Director and is the point of contact for all
matters relating to the students welfare and progress whilst studying with London
South Bank University. Students therefore have a single point of reference for
academic and pastoral guidance.
Semester 1 assessment results are returned to students, who are encouraged to
review progress with their personal tutor. Where a student has not met all the
requirements, the tutor is able to advise on action needed by the student and how
progress may be affected.
Central support
Library & Learning Resources
The Library and Learning Resources Centre (LRC) provide services and learning
materials for all students.

Library Services
The main library at Southwark is Perry Library and has material for all subjects
taught at LSBU. You will need your student ID card to access the libraries and
borrow items. There are over 600 study spaces across the two campuses and we
aim to provide a range of study environments in our libraries for individual and
group/social learning. They provide a wireless network, bookable group rooms,
laptops for loan, study materials, electronic information sources, support on effective
researching and subject-specific training from Information Advisers. As well as text
collections held in the libraries, the e-book and e-journal collections are accessible
online via the Library website.

The Department of Student Services is dedicated to supporting your study and
brings together a range of services making it easier for you to access various
learning and personal support services that the University provides. There are
several key support services offered across the three campuses:

- Disability & Dyslexia Support
- Employability & Careers
- Skills for Learning
- Student Advice
- Student Mental Health & Wellbeing

The department holds a wide range of support workshops and events throughout the
academic year, from careers guidance and academic writing support to finance
advice and how to cope with exam stress. You can find out more about the events
that we are being held and the full range of services on offer by visiting the Student
Centre or using the Student Portal:
MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
Disability & Dyslexia Support
Disability & Dyslexia Support (DDS) is a dedicated service for students who have a
mental health condition or other medical conditions, are disabled or have specific
learning difficulties (including dyslexia). The aim of DDS is to ensure that there are
no barriers to your learning during your time at LSBU.

You do not need to be registered disabled to use DDS, but if you have a disability or
dyslexia you may be entitled to some additional support to help cope with any
practical, academic or personal needs arising from your disability. Make sure that
you contact DDS as soon as possible to find out more and to discuss the support
that is available to you.

Employability & Careers Service
The Employability & Careers Service offers information, advice and guidance on
employment and job search issues to all students. They also have a professional
vacancy handling service to assist graduates and students locate full-time and part-
time work, work experience, placements and temporary and vocational work. The
service is free and is available for up to two years after you graduate.

Skills for Learning
Skills for Learning offers support in Maths and Communication Skills Development
for Academic and Professional Purposes with an extensive range of courses,
workshops, one-to-ones and group bookings designed from first year to
postgraduate. In addition to daytime sessions at both Southwark and Havering
campuses, we offer sessions into the early evening at Southwark to meet the needs
of all of our students.

Student Advice
Student Advice provides advice to help you develop strategies for improving your
academic and personal skills which are essential for successful adaptation to
university life, personal effectiveness and further study. Student Advice Workers
offer confidential information, advice and guidance in order to enable you to develop
and to tackle and solve your individual problems. They can help with a variety of
issues, including finance and budgeting, accommodation and orientation,
extenuating circumstances, coping with exam anxiety and personal and/or emotional

Student Mental Health & Wellbeing
The Student Mental Health & Wellbeing service offers short term support and advice
to all students who are experiencing emotional or personal difficulties, who may be
struggling to cope at university or just need someone to talk to. The service is free
and confidential, and there are a range of appointment days and times available.

IT Support
IT Support is provided on all campuses at LSBU. The LRC is the largest open
access facility in the University, providing you with use of networked computers,
support for MS Office, access to specialist software and the chance to purchase
datapens, binding materials, manuals and disks. There are also printing and
scanning facilities in the LRC, and assistance with a range of IT enquiries can be
MSc Building Services Engineering Course Guide
dealt with at the IT Help Desks. The LRC also operates a laptop loan scheme and
there is wireless internet access throughout the building.
For further information and to contact the team:

IT Training
IT Training provides ICT sessions for all students at LSBU. There are a wide variety
of sessions available, including one-to-one specialised tuition, training on MS Office
applications, teaching on specialist packages (including SPSS, NVivo and Sage Line
50), advanced word processing, photo editing, etc. They also provide training and
testing for the European Computer Driving Licence (ECDL). ECDL is an
internationally recognised IT qualification designed as a way to improve confidence
in using PCs.

10. Contributing to the Development of Your Course

All students are invited to provide anonymous feedback at the end of each module,
which helps us to identify areas of good practice and areas for improvement.

Additionally you will be invited to nominate a Student Representative who sits on the
Course Board.

11. Useful Links for Students

Student Portal:

The student Portal provides a central access point for many services including:

Academic Regulations
Administration Records (links to academic calendars; withdrawal forms;
changing names; references; transcripts etc)
Students' Union
Useful Forms and Publications (including Student Handbook):
IT support and resources
Library Services
Student Advice and Guidance
Disability Dyslexia Support
Skills for Learning
Student Advice & Guidance