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Lyx

oy

'Lzx

Try

| "*

oii = lr*y

LT

xz Trrz Crz

s2=str+sj+sZ

s2=si+s"2

Sn = I Sr*mSr*nS,

Sn = 12 o, + m2 o, + n2 o" t

Sn=l2or*m2orl

n2o3

S,

=lo*lmryx*nr",

Sr=lrrr*morlnt,

S" =ltr"+mryz+noz

Z(lm trx * mntr" # nl rz*)

In terms of principle stresses

S, = (ft.st:$

S, = U2m2(or- oz)2 +mzn2(or- os)2 +n212(q- ot)z ], Int"rrns of principle stresses

-Ito'o-Izoo-Ir:0

It=ox*o"*o,

Iz = (ttry + tj" * r3r) -

(oro, * oro" + oror)

Is = 6aoy62 + 2(t rrtrzt "r) - orty"' - 6yTr*2 - orT ryz

I(o, -

l(t-)*

or) + m(rr,) + n(t",) = o

m(on - or)+n(r"n)=o

I (rr") + m(r"") * n(o, - or) = o

12+mz*n2=1

;:

(1)

(2)

(3)

To check your answer :

It=otl02*o3

12= - (o1.o2+ 62.o3+ o3.o1l

lz= oroz,6t

The same procedure is

applied for

oz and o3 just replace oq by o2or o3

o ; = 121o, * m21o" * n?1 o, + Z(t rm rr o * m fl 1r y 2 + I pp, *)

oy =

lf o* * mjo, + nlo, + 2(l.rmg r" * rn2n2r yz + l2nrt "r)

rr)

o2 = l!o, t

Tyryr=ll2o**ntfli2oy*n1n2o"*(I1mr+

m!o" * n!o, + 2(Irmg *" I

m3r\r yz + Isn3r

lrmr)rrr*(mp2+m2nr)ryz*(lp2*12n1)t",

* (11n3 * lsnl)t"*

xytTr = ll3or*rrt1.rrtsly *n1n36, t (11m. * Irml)tr, * (mflz*msn1)ryz

Ty,z,=Irl"o**rtL2rrlscy*n2nso"1(l2ms*Itm")trr*(mrn"*m3n2)Tyz*(I2ns*Isn2)t",

r,yt = os =)(o, + or) +i@, - or)cos(Zl) * t,rsin(Zl)

r*trt = t, =I(o, - or)sin(zl) - trrcos(2l)

ot=:(r, * d!

zort)=eh

|pz=?pt+900

tan(Zlr) =-W

0r=|pt+450

s@&@E[@N @F @@M@ E@UA8[@N

It=ox*or*o"

I, = (ttry + tj" + tZ*) - (o*o, * oro, + o"or)

Is = o2soyo, * 2(t rrir"t u) - (o*ryz

L2

Js: Is * 5Il2 * Uri

7

9o =;sln

-,(

sr n\

\-'zF)

O1

1f

= t

[L * 2,13J2 sin

(r'*?)l

o, =I[], + zJ3]rsin(cps)

') - (ort,*

o, =I[r, * z,{ursin (eo - ?)1

') - (o"t*n')

@HAPTMEW\M@

ov = #,,l{t

@EAPEERE@RM

- u)t, * v(e*+ r,)l

o* = #;)ftt -

v)e* * u(e, + t,)l

o, : hlT

- v)e" * v(e*+ r,)]

o" = #

lO - v)e" * v(e,+ rn)J

e,=i Io* - u(ov + o)]

tr=I lo, - v(o, + o)l

e,=l lor - v(or + o)l

orfrftr*ve2l

eptstress = ep!strain

epzstress = qpzstrain

The principle angles of stress are equal to principle strain angles

o=g? fo1* o2* osf

o^ =* (o1* o2 t

os)

or

G -TtY Txy

-

t'Y

2 exy

A= (er * e2 * e3)

W =}(ore, + o"e, * o"E, * rxyTxy I ryzyy" * tr"Tr")

wu =l(o1q * o2e2 |

DT

or=T

or='i

qes)

oz=Txz=Tyz=O

) or=v(or+ or)

@ffiAFEWWIITE

Yield strength

Tensile strength

L

6=- Ao

Or=Y=l

Lu

o"=E

t=z= instantenous load

L

=Y = k.G)"

L^o,

A'

K=- ,

o^= xQ)

o*=#=

Total normal strain

,,=Ir,

, =he)

e=Ine=zh(+)

e=-e=t(*)

,, =Zr,

e=In(l*e)

PE = (+)

*Loovo

*n=w)*roozo

f

=1

lAo - Ar\

'l;-

\ro/t00

RA

W=

| re2

Jz,

-

Sde

Yield strength: stress in which the relation between stress and strain islineaf

ultimdte strengtft: stress associated with max load without fracture.

Instobilitv noinf

mayimrrm lnrr{

n: strain hardening expojlent

e- = induced strain

The process is done by steps each step produces new strain

used when no necking occurs

used when necking occurs

used when there is cold-working

The process is done by steps each

new strain

@ffiAPBBNFOUM

Omax- Omin=Y

ot-Os=Y =2k

(or- oz)z * (oz -

v ='lgk

os)2 + (oz -

ot)z = 2Yz

k: max alowable shaer stress (T."*)

Y : tenstle yield strength " str e s s"

@EAFEBREE@ffiW

Detbrmine ttre ptastic stieil aiffi

P ,Assune tn9 Cylinder to be fabricated of a

inalt-'

subjected only to iniernal pressure

plastib material of yield strength oy anO ulfimate:strenLgth

,,, !,"

r:: :i

@MAPUBREU@HS

Critical speed

5

@"=\p'sa'+"") fov

1

\t

rr;i:

t:*

Radial stress

u

'::;titit|ltl:

$

Angular stress

rii;aszi,

:;tti){tl:

|&Ii

r:;tE

Critical speed

'::lGi

.lilu-

'P. {s:

.

o

rl::h

:!,: !!

'.',:€r

::.a:::Ai

'l:iiilu-

l:1:ll1:

.:::&

0)

!

:::Pa

. :::1rI

I r;;t,i

P*r+ial,yielding

Radial stress

Angular stress

Critical speed

Radial stress

oe=or=pa'-- z b2(3+u)

os=pazT\,*",#)

This is for solid and

annular discs

This is for annular disc

onlY

lt's above critical speed of initial yield and lower than critical speed of

comolete vield.

o, = *(-t * 5)o, * p,'+(n' + r' -'#-*)

o, = -fi\*5)o,+ paz!@'* c2 -#r'.ry)

oaz a3-c3

or=T-i-*

c-a

,

A1

(q,o"

\-

p

I

'\;

--!-"

b3+a3)

o,

,T=C

*=('-:-'#-,!.# o^,

F : { ;lrii.:

i;l;;:iri:l;

i:t !:

Determine the maximum deflection due to an applied force P acting on simplv supported rectangular beam. as shown below.

,

r

.

'

',

:t, ::.

,

';W,

,:i,"*

:

, ."l+#ri:ii

:r

r,il

::t::: ::::

H".:Ii

l;i

.1'r:lllTllr:r l\

,

.

I

::::

I

r

:::::::

"';li;:

,".1r.1., .

;ij" ri:. i;,'

"in.

"'ffiiution''''

.,#; .

.a

:

:

;.+,1

r:. rt,'

tr

rliiii, l

r::i:

:r

:i#.r, - iii;i'i::'

-

:';:i

Max deflection

umax =Icn",

tipft pf,,rectangula,r,,cross,rsectio,nr:ris:su,bjdrtedito.load

N;,as 5ho.wn,.,b.elow,.derive,gen,eral

relationship involving N and tvt which govern first the case of initialyielding , and then fully plastic deformation , for the stiaight part of the line of length L

NtrMr_,

-T-_ Nv

Mv

I

i,,,:r," lltJ

itli:, "'ry

iDeteimine the miximum,allowable plastic stress and'stain in the frame sustaining a verticbl :load P, as shown below .Aiiume ttrai(q=a5 ) Cnd that each element is constructed of an

aluminum alloy with following

oi = 350 tntPa,k =

properties:

840 MPa,n

= 0:2:,,1o =.,.3',,fr

:43T{-'':. I

ti_),F,ffiffi$

:::ttttt:;:tffi

1::U:::t:t;s"sg

r r

1.,4i

':

:t

:':f#i

4IH #trfj.1i',' ;{a#d:,: l1F;':.:: : ""l:$flT

ii{Lf

"$T,

'. "," ffii' .; ., . r." ";-, - :

.,

ffil'.,''": . ':r:r::i

An ttbeam; ,ihowq.,bet0w;.i.isi$ubi.e,cted,.tg.pt{-a

bending resuftlng fiom ehd

coq,ples.

.,

Determine the moment causing initialyielding and that resulting ih,complete plastic deformation