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Hola! Lesson 7 on Basic Spanish!


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Revision

English To walk To study To teach To work To ask To take To answer

Spanish Caminar Estudiar Ensear Trabajar Preguntar Tomar Contestar

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Revision
Personal pronoun Yo (I) Nosotros (We) T (You) Vosotros (You, plural) Usted (You, formal) Ustedes (You, formal, pl) l/Ella (He/ She) Ellos/Ellas (They) Form (Verb ending in -ar) -o -amos -as -is -a -an -a -an

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Revision
Personal pronoun I walk We walk You walk You (pl.) walk You (formal) walk You (pl. formal) walk He / She walks They walk Forms of Caminar Yo camino Nosotros caminamos T caminas Vosotros caminis Usted camina Ustedes caminan l/Ella camin<b>a Ellos/Ellas caminan

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Revision
Speaker Lisa Mark Lisa Lisa Mark Mark Lisa English Hello! What is your name? you? I am Lisa Where do you study? I study in America Where do you work? I work at the hospital Spanish Hola! Cul es tu nombre? t? Yo soy Lisa Dnde estudias? Yo estudio en Amrica Dnde trabajas? Yo trabajo en el hospital

Hello! My name is Mark, and Hola! Mi nombre es Mark, y

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Lesson objectives

Bridging the language gap

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What's in store today

Today, we will learn how to overcome language difficulties when at a new place So let's get started...

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Today's conversation

Lisa Mark Lisa Mark Mark Lisa Mark Lisa

Hello! What is your name? Hi! My name is Mark Do you speak Spanish? Yes, I speak Spanish Do you speak English? I dont speak English Do you speak French? I speak a little French

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Today's conversation

Lets break this conversation down and learn to translate it step by step

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What you already know

Hello, What is your name?

Hola! Cul es tu nombre?

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What you already know

Hi! My name is Mark

Hola! Mi nombre es Mark

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Bridging the language gap

Now, if you're new in a Spanish speaking country, it is important to understand how to ask and answer questions related to which languages one speaks

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Bridging the language gap

Do

you t

speak hablar

Spanish? espaol?

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Did you notice?

'Do' is not translated here This is because to form a question for the statement 'You speak Spanish' we just add ? before and after the statement so 'do' doesn't need to be translated separately

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Bridging the language gap

Do

you t

speak hablar

Spanish? espaol?

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Grammar tip

Remember how verbs change their form depending on the subject? Do you recollect the forms of verbs ending in ar that we learnt in the last lesson? To speak = Habl-ar You (informal) speak = T hablas

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Bridging the language gap

Do

you speak (t) hablas

Spanish? espaol

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Grammar tip

You (informal, sing.) speak Spanish = (T) hablas espaol Since the verb makes the pronoun clear (second person, informal), we can omit T

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Grammar tip
You speak Spanish = Hablas espaol Remember, to turn it into a question we just put ? Hence, Do you speak Spanish = Hablas espaol?

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So our question translates as..

Do you speak Spanish?

Hablas espaol?

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Grammar tip
You (informal, sing.) speak Spanish = (T) hablas espaol However! You (formal, sing.) speak Spanish = Usted habla espaol Now, while we could omit T, we cannot omit 'Usted' as it is not obvious Habla could associate with 'usted/l/ella' hence to be clear it is essential to use the pronoun
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Grammar tip

Do you remember that we never capitalize language names in Spanish? Hence, espaol is written with a small e

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Moving on...

Alright, now that you know how to ask someone if they speak a particular language, lets also learn how you would answer that question

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Grammar tip

For answering questions two important words to learn are 'yes' and 'no' Yes = S No = No Saying no is always easy right? :)

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Bridging the language gap

Yes, S,

I speak (yo) hablo

Spanish? espaol

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Did you notice?

To speak = Hablar I speak = (Yo) hablo

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Bridging the language gap

Yes, I speak Spanish

S, hablo espaol

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Bridging the language gap

Do you speak English?

Hablas ingls?

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Bridging the language gap

I don't speak English

No hablo ingls

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Grammar tip

I speak English = Hablo ingls I dont speak English = No hablo ingls To create the negative form of any sentence, just add no before the verb

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Bridging the language gap

Do you speak French?

Hablas francs?

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Bridging the language gap

I speak a little French

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Grammar tip

A little of = Un poco de

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Bridging the language gap

I speak a little French

Hablo un poco de francs

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Try yourself

I speak German (Hint : German = alemn)

1
Hablo alemn

2
T hablas alemn

3
No hablo alemn

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Solution

I speak German (Hint : German = alemn)

1
Hablo alemn

2
T hablas alemn

3
No hablo alemn

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Try yourself

Do you (informal) speak Italian? (Hint : Italian = italiano)

1
Hablo italiano?

2
Hablas italiano?

3
Hablas italiano

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Solution

Do you (informal) speak Italian? (Hint : Italian = italiano)

1
Hablo italiano?

2
Hablas italiano?

3
Hablas italiano

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Try yourself

Do you (formal) speak Italian? (Hint : Italian = italiano)

1
T hablas italiano?

2
Usted Habla italiano?

3
Habla italiano?

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Solution

Do you (formal) speak Italian? (Hint : Italian = italiano)

1
T hablas italiano?

2
Usted Habla italiano?

3
Habla italiano?

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Do you remember?
'Do you (formal) speak Italian?' cannot be translated to just Habla italiano? because it is not obvious that we are referring to 'Usted' from 'Habla' hence we cannot omit Usted Habla could associate with 'usted/l/ella' hence to be clear it is essential to use the pronoun

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Try yourself

A little German (Hint : German = alemn)

1
S alemn

2
Un poco de alemn

3
No alemn

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Solution

A little German (Hint : German = alemn)

1
S alemn

2
Un poco de alemn

3
No alemn

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So this is what we learnt!


Speaker Lisa Mark Lisa Lisa Mark Lisa Mark Lisa English Hello! What is your name? Hi! My name is Mark Do you speak Spanish? Yes, I speak Spanish Do you speak English? I dont speak English Do you speak French? I speak a little French Spanish Hola! Cul es tu nombre? Hola! Mi nombre es Mark Hablas espaol? S, hablo espaol Hablas ingls? No hablo ingls Hablas francs? Hablo un poco de francs

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Culture leaf

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Culture leaf
Spanish is spoken across a lot of countries including Spain and countries in Latin America While a lot of cultural aspects are similar, each country has some cultural nuances of its own As part of the Culture leaf series, we will give you cultural tips relevant to several Spanish countries and tell you
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Today our cultural voyage takes us to Argentina!

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Culture leaf - Argentina

Argentina is a unique country, most of the locals came from France, Italy or Spain, so their etiquettes and traditions are shaped by the cultures of those countries

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Culture leaf - Dressing in Argentina

Dress well, Argentina is a very fashion conscious country! Conservative and modest clothing is ideal Ensure you dress up for a night in the town or if going for a Tango dance party!

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Culture leaf - Dressing in Argentina


Dont wear clothes that are ripped or baggy if you want to blend in with the locals Avoid flip-flops for this reason... Avoid wearing soccer jerseys of rivals Argentineans are serious soccer fans, so wearing a rivals jersey can mean asking for trouble!

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Culture leaf - Dining in Argentina


Cross your fork and knife to show that you are finished eating Remember that dinner is had late in Argentina; people will usually have dinner at 9 or 10 pm Its okay show up between 30 to 60 minutes late if invited to a party!

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Culture leaf - Dining in Argentina

Dont pour wine for others, if you can avoid it There is a ritual associated with pouring wine in Argentina, so its best to let an Argentine do it Don't talk about business during a meal unless an Argentinean business associate brings it up first

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Culture leaf - Gifting in Argentina


Dont give clothes or other items that might be considered personal Open your gift right away and show your gratitude Give gifts such as flowers, candies, pastries, chocolates or imported liquor

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Culture leaf - Business in Argentina

Dont be late, but expect to be kept waiting at times Make small talk before discussing business Expect several meetings to take place before a decision is made

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What's next

In the next lesson, we will learn forms of verbs ending in 'ir' and er and some examples and conversations around them!

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Credits

Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuiga http://www.vayama.com/etiquette/argentina

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See you at the Alley!


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