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Water Boiling Test - General Information

Test & stove description Name of Tester(s) Duery Mayta Test Number or Code 1 Date 10/10/2013 CPC - La Paz Test Location Stove Type/Model Manufactured by Description and Notes Malena EnDev - Bolivia Cocina fija de barro para dos ollas insertas. Rejilla metlica. Chimenea Metalica.

Version 4.2.2
Fuel description Your general description Fuel type Fuel description Average length (cm)

52 5
40 3x3

Cross-sectional dimensions (cm x cm) Default values (looked up) Gross calorific value Net calorific value Char calorific value Char carbon content

20,160 HHV, kJ/kg 18,840 LHV,kJ/kg 29,500 LHV,kJ/kg 95% by mass

Ambient conditions Air temperature (C) Air relative humidity (%) Local boiling point (C) Emission testing Atmospheric P (kPa) Pitot delta-P Hood flow rate (m3/hr) Duct Temperature (C) Notes or description about stove or operation not included elsewhere on this form 18 54 89 66

If possible, enter a calorific value from measurements of local fuel below. Check box if you have a measured calorific value Measured gross calorific value Measured net calorific value Assumed net calorific value Values to be used for tests Gross calorific value Net calorific value Fuel carbon content
HHV measured, kJ/kg LHV, kJ/kg LHV, kJ/kg

20,160 HHV, kJ/kg 18,840 LHV, kJ/kg 0.500 by mass

0.5

Description of firestarter (e.g. paper, fluid) and small wood or kindling (note: Kindling should be weighed and reported with wood) Eucalyptus leaves and wood chips

Description of operation during the high-power test With eucalyptus leaves and wood chips How is fire started?

Description of operation during the simmering test How is fire started?

When do you add new fuel At the biginning to the fire? How much fuel do you add All the wood that has been heavy at one time? How often do you feed the fire without adding fuel (e.g. push sticks)? Do you control the air above or below the fire? If so, what do you do?

When do you add new fuel to the fire? How much fuel do you add at one time? How often do you feed the fire without adding fuel (e.g. push sticks)? Do you control the air above or below the fire? If so, what do you do?

Water Boiling Test - Test Entry Form Version 4.2.2 These values are not linked to the Test sheets. This sheet is provided so you can print an easy data entry form. You will have to enter these values in each Test sheet to obtain the calculations.
Air Temperature Name of Testers

Wind Conditions

Date Stove Type/Model

Fuel Dimensions Moisture Content (wet basis)

Test Number Location Fuel Type

Dry Weight Pot 1 Dry Weight Pot 2 Dry Weight Pot 3 Dry Weight Pot 4 Weight Container for Char Local Boiling Point * * enter on General Information Background CO2 (ppm)** Background CO (ppm)** Background PM (ug/m3)** Duct Temperature (C)** ** For emission testing only

Notes

Cold Start
Start Time Weight of Fuel Water Temperature, Pot 1 Water Temperature, Pot 2 Water Temperature, Pot 3 Water Temperature, Pot 4 Weight of Pot 1 with water Weight of Pot 2 with water Weight of Pot 3 with water Weight of Pot 4 with water Fire Starting Materials Average CO2 (ppm) Average CO (ppm) Average PM (ug/m3) End Start

Hot Start
End Start

Simmer
End

WATER BOILING TEST - VERSION 4.2.2 - TEST #1 DATA AND CALCULATION FORM (for one to four pots)* Shaded cells and arrows require user input; unshaded cells automatically display outputs Qualitative data Name(s) of Tester(s) Test Number Date Location Stove type/model Type of fuel Initial Test Conditions Data Air temperature Wind conditions Fuel dimensions Fuel moisture content (wet basis) Gross calorific value (dry fuel) Net calorific value (dry fuel) Effective calorific value (accounting for fuel moisture) Char calorific value 2 3*3*40 11% 20,160 18,840 16,486 29,500 % kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg MC HHV LHV EHV value 18.0 units C label Data Dry weight of Pot # 1 (grams) Dry weight of Pot # 2 (grams) Dry weight of Pot # 3 (grams) Dry weight of Pot # 4 (grams) Weight of container for char (grams) Local boiling point Background concentrations: CO2 CO PM 270 89.0 value 454 352 units g g g g g C ppm ppm ug/m3 label P1 P2 P3 P4 k Tb CO2,b CO,b PM,b Duery Mayta 1 10/10/2013 CPC - La Paz Malena gray: efficiency blue: emissions with hood method

Notes about this test:

BASIC TEST DATA

183990937.xls.ms_office

Test-1

Page 3

TEST #1 1 Notes on the High Power - Cold Start Test. Add description only if it differs from "General Information" sheet

Notes on the High Power - Hot Start Test

Notes on the Low Power - Simmer Test

183990937.xls.ms_office

Test-1

Page 4

TEST #1 1

COLD START HIGH POWER

HOT START HIGH POWER (OPTIONAL)

SIMMER TEST Start Finish: 45 min

Start Measurements Time (in 24 hour form) Weight of fuel Water temperature, Pot # 1 Water temperature, Pot # 2 Water temperature, Pot # 3 Water temperature, Pot # 4 Weight of Pot # 1 with water Weight of Pot # 2 with water Weight of Pot # 3 with water Weight of Pot # 4 with water Fire-starting materials (if any) Weight of charcoal+container Average CO2 Average CO Average PM Units hr:min g C C C C g g g g -g ppm ppm ug/m3 COLD START Calculations/Results Fuel consumed (moist) Net change in char during test Equivalent dry fuel consumed Water vaporized from all pots Effective mass of water boiled Time to boil Pot # 1 Temp-corr time to boil Pot # 1 Thermal efficiency Burning rate Specific fuel consumption Temp-corr sp consumption Temp-corr sp energy consumpt. Firepower Units g g g g g min min % g/min g/liter boiled g/liter kJ/liter watts data 1,227 185 784 127 7,507 18 19 17% 44 104 110 2,078 13,677 label fcm cc fcd wcv wcr tc t
T c

data 11:19 1621 18.0 17.0

label tci fci T1ci T2ci T3ci T4ci

Finish: when Pot #1 boils data label 11:37 394 89.0 68.0 tcf fcf T1cf T2cf T3cf T4cf 5373 4006 P1cf P2cf P3cf P4cf 60 455 cc CO2c COc PMc HOT START data 1,303 185 851 111 7,711 15 16 16% 57 110 117 2,195 17,805 label fhm ch fhd whv whr th t
T h

Start data 11:50 1653 label thi fhi

Finish: when Pot #1 boils data label 12:05 350 thf fhf

data 12:10 1084 83 68

label tsi fsi T1si T2si T3si T4si

data 12:55 465 86.0 66.0

label tsf fsf T1sf T2sf T3sf T4sf

18.0 T1hi 18.0 T2hi T3hi T4hi 5454 P1hi 4052 P2hi P3hi P4hi

89.0 T1hf 72.0 T2hf T3hf T4hf 5377 P1hf 4018 P2hf P3hf P4hf 25 455 ch CO2h COh PMh

5454 4052

P1ci P2ci P3ci P4ci

5377 4018

P1si P2si P3si P4si

4867 3762

P1sf P2sf P3sf P4sf

69

329

cs CO2s COs PMs

SIMMER TEST (CALCULATIONS DIFFER FROM HIGH POWER TEST) Calculations/Results Fuel consumed during the simmer phase (moist) Net change in char during test phase Equivalent dry fuel consumed Water vaporized Water remaining at end - All Pots Time of simmer (should be ~45 minutes) Thermal efficiency Burning rate Specific fuel consumption Firepower Turn down ratio Specific Energy Consumption Fuel Benchmark to Complete 5L WBT Energy Benchmark to Complete 5L WBT g kJ Units g g g g g min % g/min g/liter remaining watts -kJ/liter data 619 (126) 739 766 6,598 45 13% 16 112 5,156 2.65 2,110 1,127 21,235 label fsm cs fsd wsv wsr ts hs rsb SCs FPs TDR SES BF BE

hc rcb SCc SCTc SETC FPc

hh rhb SCh SCTh SETH FPh

183990937.xls.ms_office

Test-1

Page 5

TEST #1 1 Calculations/Results Total exhaust flow Exhaust carbon concentration Total carbon in exhaust Fuel consumed est. (dry) Hood carbon balance Emission per water boiled CO2 CO PM Mass emission factors CO2 CO PM Total Emissions CO2 CO PM Emission benchmarks: CO to Complete 5L WBT PM to Complete 5L WBT

Emission Report COLD START Units m3 ppm g/m3 g % data label HOT START data label SIMMER TEST data label IWA PERFORMANCE METRICS High Power Thermal Efficiency Low Power Specific Fuel Consumption High Power CO Low Power CO High Power PM Low Power PM Indoor CO Emissions g/liter g/liter g/liter g/kgf g/kgf g/kgf g g g % MJ/(minL) g/MJ g/(minL) mg/MJ mg/(minL) g/min mg/min

Vc CCc Cc fce CBc ECO2,c ECO,c EPM,c EFCO2,c EFCO,c EFPM,c mCO2,c mCO,c mPM,c

Vh CCh Ch fhe CBh ECO2,h ECO,h EPM,h

Vs CCs Cs fse CBs ECO2,s ECO,s EPM,s

Indoor PM Emissions

EFCO2,h EFCO,h EFPM,h mCO2,h mCO,h mPM,h

EFCO2,s EFCO,s EFPM,s mCO2,s mCO,s mPM,s

g g

BCO BPM

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Test-1

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Test-1

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Data 16.7% 0.047

Tier 1 1 4 4 4 4 4 4

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Test-1

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WATER BOILING TEST - VERSION 4.2.2 - TEST #2 DATA AND CALCULATION FORM (for one to four pots)* Shaded cells and arrows require user input; unshaded cells automatically display outputs Qualitative data Name(s) of Tester(s) Test Number Date Location Stove type/model Type of fuel Initial Test Conditions Data Air temperature Wind conditions Fuel dimensions Fuel moisture content (wet basis) Gross calorific value (dry fuel) Net calorific value (dry fuel) Effective calorific value (accounting for fuel moisture) Char calorific value value 16.0 3*3*40 3*3*40 12% 20,160 18,840 16,271 29,500 % kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg MC HHV LHV EHV units C label Data Dry weight of Pot # 1 (grams) Dry weight of Pot # 2 (grams) Dry weight of Pot # 3 (grams) Dry weight of Pot # 4 (grams) Weight of container for char (grams) Local boiling point Background concentrations: CO2 CO PM 270 89.0 value 457 355 units g g g g g C ppm ppm ug/m3 label P1 P2 P3 P4 k Tb CO2,b CO,b PM,b Duery Mayta 2 10/11/2013 CPC - La Paz Malena gray: efficiency blue: emissions with hood method

Notes about this test:

BASIC TEST DATA

183990937.xls.ms_office

Test-2

Page 9

TEST #2 2 Notes on the High Power - Cold Start Test. Add description only if it differs from "General Information" sheet

Notes on the High Power - Hot Start Test

Notes on the Low Power - Simmer Test

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Test-2

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TEST #2 2

COLD START HIGH POWER

HOT START HIGH POWER (OPTIONAL)

SIMMER TEST Start Finish: 45 min

Start Measurements Time (in 24 hour form) Weight of fuel Water temperature, Pot # 1 Water temperature, Pot # 2 Water temperature, Pot # 3 Water temperature, Pot # 4 Weight of Pot # 1 with water Weight of Pot # 2 with water Weight of Pot # 3 with water Weight of Pot # 4 with water Fire-starting materials (if any) Weight of charcoal+container Average CO2 Average CO Average PM Units hr:min g C C C C g g g g -g ppm ppm ug/m3 COLD START Calculations/Results Fuel consumed (moist) Net change in char during test Equivalent dry fuel consumed Water vaporized from all pots Effective mass of water boiled Time to boil Pot # 1 Temp-corr time to boil Pot # 1 Thermal efficiency Burning rate Specific fuel consumption Temp-corr sp consumption Temp-corr sp energy consumpt. Firepower Units g g g g g min min % g/min g/liter g/liter kJ/liter watts data 1,133 163 723 137 7,495 17 18 19% 43 97 105 1,976 13,360 label fcm cc fcd wcv wcr tc t
T c

data 11:17 1653 20.0 17.0

label tci fci T1ci T2ci T3ci T4ci

Finish: when Pot #1 boils data label 11:34 520 89.0 68.0 tcf fcf T1cf T2cf T3cf T4cf 5358 4017 P1cf P2cf P3cf P4cf 59 433 cc CO2c COc PMc HOT START data 1,260 163 833 134 7,909 14 14 18% 60 105 105 1,984 18,683 label fhm ch fhd whv whr th t
T h

Start data 11:45 1679 label thi fhi

Finish: when Pot #1 boils data label 11:59 419 thf fhf

data 12:04 1155 83 75

label tsi fsi T1si T2si T3si T4si

data 12:49 742 86.0 69.0

label tsf fsf T1sf T2sf T3sf T4sf

14.0 T1hi 11.0 T2hi T3hi T4hi 5457 P1hi 4055 P2hi P3hi P4hi

89.0 T1hf 75.0 T2hf T3hf T4hf 5365 P1hf 4013 P2hf P3hf P4hf 63 433 ch CO2h COh PMh

5457 4055

P1ci P2ci P3ci P4ci

5365 4013

P1si P2si P3si P4si

4851 3744

P1sf P2sf P3sf P4sf

59

308

cs CO2s COs PMs

SIMMER TEST (CALCULATIONS DIFFER FROM HIGH POWER TEST) Calculations/Results Fuel consumed during the simmer phase (moist) Net change in char during test phase Equivalent dry fuel consumed Water vaporized Water remaining at end - All Pots Time of simmer (should be ~45 minutes) Thermal efficiency Burning rate Specific fuel consumption Firepower Turn down ratio Specific Energy Consumption Fuel Benchmark to Complete 5L WBT Energy Benchmark to Complete 5L WBT g kJ Units g g g g g min % g/min g/liter watts -kJ/liter data 413 (125) 552 783 6,724 45 18% 12 82 3,855 3.47 1,548 936 17,641 label fsm cs fsd wsv wsr ts hs rsb SCs FPs TDR SES BF BE

hc rcb SCc SCTc SETC FPc

hh rhb SCh SCTh SETH FPh

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Test-2

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TEST #2 2 Calculations/Results Total exhaust flow Exhaust carbon concentration Total carbon in exhaust Fuel consumed est. (dry) Hood carbon balance Emission per water boiled CO2 CO PM Mass emission factors CO2 CO PM Total Emissions CO2 CO PM Emission benchmarks: CO to Complete 5L WBT PM to Complete 5L WBT

Emission Report COLD START Units m3 ppm g/m3 g % data label HOT START data label SIMMER TEST data label IWA PERFORMANCE METRICS High Power Thermal Efficiency Low Power Specific Fuel Consumption High Power CO Low Power CO High Power PM Low Power PM Indoor CO Emissions g/liter g/liter g/liter g/kgf g/kgf g/kgf g g g % MJ/(minL) g/MJ g/(minL) mg/MJ mg/(minL) g/min mg/min

Vc CCc Cc fce CBc ECO2,c ECO,c EPM,c EFCO2,c EFCO,c EFPM,c mCO2,c mCO,c mPM,c

Vh CCh Ch fhe CBh ECO2,h ECO,h EPM,h

Vs CCs Cs fse CBs ECO2,s ECO,s EPM,s

Indoor PM Emissions

EFCO2,h EFCO,h EFPM,h mCO2,h mCO,h mPM,h

EFCO2,s EFCO,s EFPM,s mCO2,s mCO,s mPM,s

g g

BCO BPM

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Test-2

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Test-2

Page 13

Data 18.5% 0.034

Tier 1 2 4 4 4 4 4 4

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Test-2

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WATER BOILING TEST - VERSION 4.2.2 - TEST #3 DATA AND CALCULATION FORM (for one to four pots)* Shaded cells and arrows require user input; unshaded cells automatically display outputs Qualitative data Name(s) of Tester(s) Test Number Date Location Stove type/model Type of fuel Initial Test Conditions Data Air temperature Wind conditions Fuel dimensions Fuel moisture content (wet basis) Gross calorific value (dry fuel) Net calorific value (dry fuel) Effective calorific value (accounting for fuel moisture) Char calorific value 2 3*3*40 11% 20,160 18,840 16,486 29,500 % kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg MC HHV LHV EHV value 17.0 units C label Data Dry weight of Pot # 1 (grams) Dry weight of Pot # 2 (grams) Dry weight of Pot # 3 (grams) Dry weight of Pot # 4 (grams) Weight of container for char (grams) Local boiling point Background concentrations: CO2 CO PM 270 89.0 value 434 357 units g g g g g C ppm ppm ug/m3 label P1 P2 P3 P4 k Tb CO2,b CO,b PM,b Duery Mayta 3 10/16/2013 CPC - La Paz Malena gray: efficiency blue: emissions with hood method

Notes about this test:

BASIC TEST DATA

183990937.xls.ms_office

Test-3

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TEST #3 3 Notes on the High Power - Cold Start Test. Add description only if it differs from "General Information" sheet

Notes on the High Power - Hot Start Test

Notes on the Low Power - Simmer Test

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Test-3

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TEST #3 3

COLD START HIGH POWER

HOT START HIGH POWER (OPTIONAL)

SIMMER TEST Start Finish: 45 min

Start Measurements Time (in 24 hour form) Weight of fuel Water temperature, Pot # 1 Water temperature, Pot # 2 Water temperature, Pot # 3 Water temperature, Pot # 4 Weight of Pot # 1 with water Weight of Pot # 2 with water Weight of Pot # 3 with water Weight of Pot # 4 with water Fire-starting materials (if any) Weight of charcoal+container Average CO2 Average CO Average PM Units hr:min g C C C C g g g g -g ppm ppm ug/m3 COLD START Calculations/Results Fuel consumed (moist) Net change in char during test Equivalent dry fuel consumed Water vaporized from all pots Effective mass of water boiled Time to boil Pot # 1 Temp-corr time to boil Pot # 1 Thermal efficiency Burning rate Specific fuel consumption Temp-corr sp consumption Temp-corr sp energy consumpt. Firepower Units g g g g g min min % g/min g/liter g/liter kJ/liter watts data 1,100 177 685 116 7,225 15 15 19% 46 95 97 1,836 14,348 label fcm cc fcd wcv wcr tc t
T c

data 10:45 1511 16.0 16.0

label tci fci T1ci T2ci T3ci T4ci

Finish: when Pot #1 boils data label 11:00 411 89.0 62.0 tcf fcf T1cf T2cf T3cf T4cf 5345 4030 P1cf P2cf P3cf P4cf 59 447 cc CO2c COc PMc HOT START data 1,129 177 711 107 7,470 14 15 19% 51 95 99 1,867 15,942 label fhm ch fhd whv whr th t
T h

Start data 11:10 1514 label thi fhi

Finish: when Pot #1 boils data label 11:24 385 thf fhf

data 11:29 1044 86 65

label tsi fsi T1si T2si T3si T4si

data 12:14 566 86.0 71.0

label tsf fsf T1sf T2sf T3sf T4sf

17.0 T1hi 17.0 T2hi T3hi T4hi 5434 P1hi 4057 P2hi P3hi P4hi

89.0 T1hf 67.0 T2hf T3hf T4hf 5353 P1hf 4031 P2hf P3hf P4hf 59 447 ch CO2h COh PMh

5434 4057

P1ci P2ci P3ci P4ci

5353 4031

P1si P2si P3si P4si

4832 3827

P1sf P2sf P3sf P4sf

59

322

cs CO2s COs PMs

SIMMER TEST (CALCULATIONS DIFFER FROM HIGH POWER TEST) Calculations/Results Fuel consumed during the simmer phase (moist) Net change in char during test phase Equivalent dry fuel consumed Water vaporized Water remaining at end - All Pots Time of simmer (should be ~45 minutes) Thermal efficiency Burning rate Specific fuel consumption Firepower Turn down ratio Specific Energy Consumption Fuel Benchmark to Complete 5L WBT Energy Benchmark to Complete 5L WBT g kJ Units g g g g g min % g/min g/liter watts -kJ/liter data 478 (125) 614 725 6,892 45 14% 14 89 4,284 3.35 1,678 937 17,651 label fsm cs fsd wsv wsr ts hs rsb SCs FPs TDR SES BF BE

hc rcb SCc SCTc SETC FPc

hh rhb SCh SCTh SETH FPh

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Test-3

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TEST #3 3 Calculations/Results Total exhaust flow Exhaust carbon concentration Total carbon in exhaust Fuel consumed est. (dry) Hood carbon balance Emission per water boiled CO2 CO PM Mass emission factors CO2 CO PM Total Emissions CO2 CO PM Emission benchmarks: CO to Complete 5L WBT PM to Complete 5L WBT

Emission Report COLD START Units m3 ppm g/m3 g % data label HOT START data label SIMMER TEST data label IWA PERFORMANCE METRICS High Power Thermal Efficiency Low Power Specific Fuel Consumption High Power CO Low Power CO High Power PM Low Power PM Indoor CO Emissions g/liter g/liter g/liter g/kgf g/kgf g/kgf g g g % MJ/(minL) g/MJ g/(minL) mg/MJ mg/(minL) g/min mg/min

Vc CCc Cc fce CBc ECO2,c ECO,c EPM,c EFCO2,c EFCO,c EFPM,c mCO2,c mCO,c mPM,c

Vh CCh Ch fhe CBh ECO2,h ECO,h EPM,h

Vs CCs Cs fse CBs ECO2,s ECO,s EPM,s

Indoor PM Emissions

EFCO2,h EFCO,h EFPM,h mCO2,h mCO,h mPM,h

EFCO2,s EFCO,s EFPM,s mCO2,s mCO,s mPM,s

g g

BCO BPM

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Test-3

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Test-3

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Data 19.1% 0.037

Tier 1 2 4 4 4 4 4 4

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Test-3

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WATER BOILING TEST - VERSION 4.2.2 TEST # 1.00 All cells are linked to data worksheets, no entries are required Stove type/model Malena Location CPC - La Paz Fuel description Eucalyptus Globulus (Southern Blue Gum, Fever Tree) Wind conditions #N/A Ambient temperature 18; 16; 17 1. HIGH POWER TEST (COLD START) Time to boil Pot # 1 Temp-corrected time to boil Pot # 1 Burning rate Thermal efficiency Specific fuel consumption Temp-corrected specific consumption Temp-corrected specific energy cons. Firepower 2. HIGH POWER TEST (HOT START) Time to boil Pot # 1 Temp-corrected time to boil Pot # 1 Burning rate Thermal efficiency Specific fuel consumption Temp-corrected specific consumption Temp-corrected specific energy cons. Firepower 3. LOW POWER (SIMMER) Burning rate Thermal efficiency Specific fuel consumption Temp-corrected specific energy cons. Firepower Turn down ratio BENCHMARK VALUES (for 5L) Fuel Use Benchmark Value Energy Use Benchmark Value Carbon Monoxide Benchmark Value Particulate Matter Benchmark Value IWA PERFORMANCE METRICS High Power Thermal Efficiency Low Power Specific Fuel Consumption High Power CO Low Power CO High Power PM Low Power PM Indoor CO Emissions Indoor PM Emissions IWA PERFORMANCE TIERS High Power Thermal Efficiency Low Power Specific Fuel Consumption 183990937.xls.ms_office units min min g/min % g/liter g/liter kJ/liter watts units min min g/min % g/liter g/liter kJ/liter watts units g/min % g/liter kJ/liter watts -Test 1 18 19 44 17% 104 110 2,078 13,677 Test 1 15 16 57 16% 110 117 2,195 17,805 Test 1 16 13% 112 2,110 5,156 2.65 Test 1 1,127 21,235 Test 2 17 18 43 19% 97 105 1,976 13,360 Test 2 14 14 60 18% 105 105 1,984 18,683 Test 2 12 18% 82 1,548 3,855 3.47 Test 2 936 17,641 Test 3 15 15 46 19% 95 97 1,836 14,348 Test 3 14 15 51 19% 95 99 1,867 15,942 Test 3 14 14% 89 1,678 4,284 3.35 Test 3 937 17,651 Average 16.666667 17.634435 43.9338 0.184653 98.602962 104.22792 1963.6539 13795 Average 14.333333 14.809468 55.658561 0.1771606 103.58941 106.98231 2015.5467 17476.788 Average 14.114111 0.1494088 94.418153 1778.838 4431.8308 3.1557869 Average 1000.1163 18842.192 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Average 0.1809068 0.0395297 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! Average 1 0 Results Page 21 St Dev 1.5 1.9 1.6 1% 5.1 6.5 121.7 504.4 St Dev 0.6 0.9 4.5 1% 7.7 8.8 166.2 1,399.7 St Dev 2.1 2% 15.6 294.3 663.2 0.4 St Dev 110.0 2,072.4 COV 9.2% 11.0% 3.7% 5.6% 5.2% 6.2% 6.2% 3.7% COV 4.0% 6.4% 8.0% 8.3% 7.5% 8.2% 8.2% 8.0% COV 15.0% 16.5% 16.5% 16.5% 15.0% 13.9% COV 11.0% 11.0% #DIV/0! #DIV/0! COV 6.9% 16.5% #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0!

g kJ g g units % MJ/(minL) g/MJ g/(minL) mg/MJ mg/(minL) g/min mg/min units % MJ/(minL)

Test 1 16.7% 0.047

Test 2 18.5% 0.034

Test 3 19.1% 0.037

St Dev 1.2% 0.007

Test 1 1 1

Test 2 1 2

Test 3 1 2

High Power CO Low Power CO High Power PM Low Power PM Indoor CO Emissions Indoor PM Emissions

g/MJ g/(minL) mg/MJ mg/(minL) g/min mg/min

4 4 4 4 4 4

4 4 4 4 4 4

4 4 4 4 4 4

NA NA NA NA NA NA

NA = Not Applicable; IWA Performance Tiers are not reported if there are fewer than 3 tests conducted.

183990937.xls.ms_office

Results

Page 22

If you are determining fuel moisture with the Delmhorst J-2000 or similar handheld moisture meter, take 3 pieces of fuel at random from the stock used for each test and measure each in three places along its length. Enter the results in the gray spaces below. The worksheet will automatically calculate average moisture content on a dry and wet basis. If you are using another means to determine fuel moisture, ignore this worksheet and enter the moisture in the proper space on each Test's data form. Test-1 Instrument reading (% dry basis) 1 2 3 Test-2 Instrument reading (% dry basis) 1 2 3 Method used to obtain wood moisture:

Piece 1 Piece 2 Piece 3 Average moisture content (%) dry-basis wet-basis

Piece 1 Piece 2 Piece 3 Average moisture content (%) dry-basis wet-basis

Test-3

Instrument reading (% dry basis) 1 2 3

Piece 1 Piece 2 Piece 3 Average moisture content (%) dry-basis wet-basis

The Delmhorst J-2000 moisture analyzer measures fuel moisture on a dry basis. To find moisture on a wet basis, use the following equation:
MC dry MC wet 1 MC dry

This spreadsheet does this calculation automatically if a value is entered in the drybasis space. Output requires moisture content on a wet basis, so the conversion is very important.

Fuel moisture content worksheet

Source information

Stove characteristics

source

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model or stove as source_li source_ty manufact named in nk pe urer source non-trad EnDev - Bolivia Malena

TSF

Academy for example: Educational Academy NGODevelopment for 2007 Educational (2007). http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/humanitarian_assistance/disaster_assista Development FuelReport Efficient Stove NGO Programs D 6 Brick in IDP 1 Settings 0 Summary Evaluatio

NGO

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Wick

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Heating

Heat-trap Parabolic box Panel

Kerosene Gas

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fixed_buil t_in

Rocket

High thermal mass

Sunken_ pot TEG-fan

Fan

Gasifier

Multiple_ burners Chimney Pot skirt

primary_f uel_type

Wood

Fuel information

Testing Information

secondar fuel_mois specific y fuel stove_de ture_cont test fuel type scription ent name

test fuel reduced

fuel_net_ calorific_ fuel_calo fuel_detai value rific_valu test_regi test_cou ls [MJ/kg] e_STD on ntry

Wood

Africa

Uganda

Cocina fija de barro para 0 dos ollas 52 insertas. Rejilla length metlica. 40 cross Chimenea 18840 section 3 Metalica. x3

g Information Outpu t Metric s


Specific Energy Consump Mean tion time to (kJ/Task) boil (min) Cold Start Fuel Burn Rate (g/min) 43.9338

altitude [m]

Field or Lab

Environm ent testing Test Type- Test details Test Type Reduced Notes

Number of tests

Field
Lab

MWBT:1985 WBT
WBT-4.2 WBT

8
3

16.5
16.66667

Hot Start Fuel Burn Rate (g/min)

Simmer Fuel Burn Rate (g/min)

Average Fuel Burn Derived Rate Burn (g/min) Rate? 32.0

Cold Start fire power (W) 13795

Hot start fire Simmer Average power firepower Firepowe (W) (W) r (W) 17477 4432 10034

Fuel consume Fuel d consume (g)/Task d (g) SD

55.65856 14.11411

Cold start Hot start Compute Compute thermal thermal Average Efficiency Compute d NCE SD Compute d MCE EF OM efficiency efficiency Efficiency SD d NCE % % d MCE % SD % [g/kg]

EF OM SD [g/kg]

13.6%
18%

14.3%
18%

14.4%

EF OC [g/kg]

EF OC EF PM SD [g/kg] [g/kg]

EF PM EF BC SD [g/kg] [g/kg]

EF CO2 EF BC EF PM2.5 EF PM2.5 (g/kg [g/kg] SD [g/kg] SD [g/kg] fuel)

EF CO2 SD (g/kg fuel)

EF CO (g/kg fuel)

EF CO SD (g/kg fuel)

EF CH4 (g/kg fuel)

EF CH4 SD (g/kg fuel)

EF TNMOC (g/kg fuel)

EF TNMOC SD (g/kg fuel)

ER PM ER PM2.5 ER PM SD ER PM2.5 SD [mg/min] [mg/min] [mg/min] [mg/min]

ER CO2 [g/min]

ER CO2 SD [g/min]

ER CO [g/min]

ER CO SD [g/min]

NMHC CO2 (g/L) CH4 (g/L) N2O (g/L) (g/L)

CO (g/L)

OM (mg/L)

IWA Metrics

EC (mg/L)

IWA Low IWA High IWA Low IWA High Power IWA High IWA Low Specific Power power Power Power power IWA CO PM PM Thermal consump CO (g/MJCO (g/min) (mg/MJ(mg/min/ efficiency tion del) (g/min/L) (MJ/min/L del) L) (%) )

IWA PM (mg/min) IWA Safety (index) #DIV/0!

0.143
#DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.180907 0.03953 #DIV/0!

IWA High Power CO (g/MJdel)

IWA High Power PM (mg/M J-del)

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

IWA Low power CO (g/min /L)

IWA Low power PM (mg/m in/L)

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

IWA High Power Emissi Therm ons al Tier efficie ncy (%)

IWA Low Power Specif ic consu mptio n (MJ/mi n/L)

0 #DIV/0! 1 1

Fuel Efficie ncy Tier

IWA CO (g/min )

IWA PM (mg/m in)

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

Indoor Emissi ons Tier

Heating Stove Metrics CCT/UCT Metrics

Heating Stove Thermal PM 2.5 efficiency mg/MJ del (%) heating

Specific consump CO g/MJ tion (g SD (g del fuel / kg fuel/ kg heating food) food)

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

#DIV/0!

CT Metrics

Specific consump tion (MJ / SD (MJ / kg food) kg food)

% MJ per SC savings from baseline

time to cook food (min)

time to cook SD

indregien indregien indregien ingredien ingmass1 t1 t2 t3 t4 (g)

KPT METRICS

% MJ per SD MJ/SA/da total MJ/SA/da SA cooked wood wood SD y savings y ingmass2 ingmass3 ingmass4 food (kg/SA/da (kg/cap/d from (g) (g) (g) mass (g) y) ay) baseline

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88

1 2

3 4

Tree species

(Select from list) LPG Kerosene Ethanol Methanol Charcoal Coal Crop residues Dung Average Hardwood Average Softwood (Conifer) Abies Balsamea (Balsam Fir) Acacia Auriculiformis (Ear-Leaf Acacia, Ear-Pod Wattle) Acacia Decurrens (King Wattle, Green Wattle, Sydney Black Wattle) Acacia Farnesiana (Sweet Acacia, Sweet Wattle) Acacia Leucophloea (Kikar, Kuteeera Gum) Acacia Mearnsi (Black Wattle) Acacia Nilotica (Egyptian Thorn, Babul (India), Babar (Pakistan)) Acacia Tortilis (Umbrella Thorn) Acer Rubrum (Red Maple) Albizia Falcataria (Batai, Malucca Albizia, ,Placata) Albizia Lebbek (Lebbek, East Indian Walnut Tree) Albizia Procera (Albicia, Silver Bark Rain Tree) Alnus Nepalensis (Nepal Alder) Alnus Rubra (Red Alder) Alnus Rubra (Red Alder) Alstonia Macrophylla (Devil Tree) Anogeissus Latifolia (Axle-Wood Tree, Dhausa (Hindi)) Anthocephalus Cadamba (Labula (Indonesia)) Antidesma Ghaessimbilla Avicennia Officinalis (Mangrove, Api-Api Sudu (Philippines)) Balanites Aegyptiaca (Desert Date, Thorn Tree, Soapberry Tree) Bruguiera Gymnorrhiza (Black Mangrove, Large-Leafed Mangrove) Bruguiera Parviflora (Thua Shale, Slender-Fruited Orange Mangrove) Bruguiera Sexangula (Orange Mangrove) Calliandra Calothyrsus (Calliandra) Carya Spp (Hickory) Cassia Fistula (Cassia Stick Tree, Guayaba Cimarrona, Canafistula, Golden Shower, Indian Laburnum, Baton Casse, Chacara Cassia Siamea (Siamese Cassia) Casuarina Equistofolia (Casuarina, She-Oak, Whistling Pine) Ceriops Tagal (Tagal Mangrove, Kandal) Cocus Nucifera (Coconut Palm) Cordia Dichotoma (Anunang (Philippines), Bird Lime Tree) Dalbergia Latifolia (East Indian Rosewood, Malabar Rosewood, Sitsal, Beete, Shisham) Dalbergia Sissoo (Sissoo, Shisham, Karra, Shewa) Derris Indica (India: Pongam, Ponga, Kona, Kanji, Karanja, Karanda; English: Indian Beech) Diospyros Philippinensis (Kamagong (Philippines)) Diospyros Philosanthera (Bolong-Eta (Philippines)) Emblica Ofiicinalis (Madre De Cacao, Kakauati (Philippines), Mexican Lilac, Madera Negra)

Eucalyptus Camaldulensis (Red River Gum, Red Gum) Eucalyptus Deglupta (Rainbow Gum Tree) Eucalyptus Globulus (Southern Blue Gum, Fever Tree) Eucalyptus Grandis (Rose Gum, Grand Eucalyptus) Fagus Spp (Beech) Gigantochloa Apus (Pring Tali, Tabasheer Bamboo) Gliricidia Sepium Gmelina Arborea (Gmelina, Gumhar (India)) Lagerstroemia Speciosa (Queen's Crape Myrtle, Giant Crape Myrtle) Leucaena Leucocephala (Leucaena, Ipil-Ipil (Philippines), Uaxin (Latin America), Lamtora (Indonesia), Lead Tree) Melia Azedarach (China Berry, Persian Lilac, Bead Tree, Cape Lilac) Pinus Elliotii (Southern Pine) Pinus Ponderosa (Ponderosa Pine) Pithecellobium Dulce (Quamachil, Guamuchil (Mexico), Manila Tamarind) Platanus Occidentalis (Sycamore) Populus Euphratica (Euphrates Poplar, Saf-Saf, Indian Poplar) Populus Trichocarpa (Black Cottonwood) Prosopis Cineraria (Jand, Khejri (India)) Prosopis Pallida (Kiawe) Pseudotsuga Menziesii (Douglas Fir) Psidium Guajava (Guava, Guayaba) Quercus Bicolor (White Oak) Quercus Rubra (Red Oak) Rhizophera Spp (Mangrove Spp (Also Avicennia Spp )) Sapium Sebiferum (Chinese Tallow Tree, Soap Tree, Tarchabi (Pahari) Shishum (India)) Schima Noronhae Schleichera Oleosa (Kosambi (Indonesia), Lac Tree) Sesbania Grandiflora (Scarlet Wisteria Tree, Agati, Corkwood Tree, West Indian Pea) Swietenia Macrophylla (Brazilian Mahogany, Caoba, Honduras Mahogany, Big Leaf Mahogany) Syzygium Cumini (Jambolan, Java Plum) Thuja Plicata (Western Red Cedar) Trema Spp Tsuga Canadensis (Eastern Hemlock) Tsuga Heterophylla (Western Hemlock) Ulmus Spp (Elm) Xylocarpus Granatum (Cannonball Mangrove, Cedar Mangrove) Xylocarpus Moluccensis (Cedar Mangrove) Zizyphus Mauritania (Indian Jujube, Indian Plum) Zizyphus Talanai

Statistical Summa Minimum Maximum standard Deviation Average Percentiles: 25th 50th 75th NAS (1980). Firewood Crops. Washington DC, National Academy of Sciences. Cheremisinoff, N. (1980). Properties of Wood. Wood for Energy Production. Ann Arbor, MI, Ann Arbor Science: 31-43.

Harker, A. P., A. Sandels, et al. (1982). Calorific values for wood and bark and a bibliography for fuelwood. London, Tropical Products Institute: 20. FAO (1993). Energy and Environment Basics. Bangkok, Regional Wood Energy Development Program (RWEDP): 85.

HHV,kJ/kg

LHV,kJ/kg

Mass Frac Char, kJ/kg C Source --

48,000 43,300 26,800 22,700 31,000 24,700 14,700 13,600 19,734 20,817 18,916 20,370 18,700 19,200 21,800 19,530 20,475 18,480 18,545 18,100 21,840 19,700 17,150 19,320 18,545 19,200 20,580 19,350 19,100 18,500 19,320 20,400 18,700 19,400 19,425 18,684 18,400 18,800 20,790 19,600 19,000 18,400 19,800 21,210 19,320 18,600 18,100 21,840

44,700 39,700 24,200 21,100 29,800 23,500 13,380 12,280 18,414 19,497 17,596 19,050 17,380 17,880 20,480 18,210 19,155 17,160 17,225 16,780 20,520 18,380 15,830 18,000 17,225 17,880 19,260 18,030 17,780 17,180 18,000 19,080 17,380 18,080 18,105 17,364 17,080 17,480 19,470 18,280 17,680 17,080 18,480 19,890 18,000 17,280 16,780 20,520

29,800 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500

0.818 0.845 0.522 0.375 0.950 0.750 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500

3 3 2 1 4 4 4 1 1 1 2 4 1 4 4 1 2 4 1 4 4 4 1 4 4 4 1 2 4 4 1 4 4 4 4 1 1 4 4 1

20,160 18,700 20,160 19,750 18,916 18,400 20,580 20,160 19,300 18,480 21,460 19,961 18,684 22,680 18,545 21,057 20,425 21,000 19,750 20,634 20,126 18,916 18,684 17,430 17,663 20,000 18,700 19,300 20,700 20,160 22,514 18,900 19,520 19,520 18,963 16,300 15,400 20,580 18,300
Statistical Summary 15,400 22,680 1,278 19,450 18,684 19,320 20,160

18,840 17,380 18,840 18,430 17,596 17,080 19,260 18,840 17,980 17,160 20,140 18,641 17,364 21,360 17,225 19,737 19,105 19,680 18,430 19,314 18,806 17,596 17,364 16,110 16,343 18,680 17,380 17,980 19,380 18,840 21,194 17,580 18,200 18,200 17,643 14,980 14,080 19,260 16,980

29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500 29,500

0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500 0.500

1 4 1 4 2 4 1 1 4 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 4 2 1 2 2 1 1 4 4 4 4 1 2 1 2 2 2 4 4 1 4

Fuel Kerosene

Calorific value (MJ/kg) 43.3 43.6 43.1 49 47.1 45.8 50.1 51.3 17.7 26.8 Calorific value (MJ/kg) 25.7 27.6 29.2 30 30.7 31.1 31.5 16.1 15.4 14 15.4 13 14.2 11.8 15.4 @ 1.7 % MCwet @ ~5 % MCwet @ ~5 % MCwet @ ~5 % MCwet @ ~5 % MCwet @ ~5 % MCwet @ ~5 % MCwet @ 9.1 % MCwet @ 5.0 % MCwet @ 7.3 % MCwet @ 5.0 % MCwet @ 8.8 % MCwet @ 5.0 % MCwet @ 7.3 % MCwet @ 5.0 % MCwet

LPG

Natural gas Biogas Ethanol Fuel Charcoal

Source Zhang et al., 2000 IEA, 2005 Smith et al, 2001 Zhang et al., 2000 IEA, 2005 Smith et al, 2001 US DoE Zhang et al., 2000 Smith et al, 2001 Schmer et al, 2007 Source Smith et al, 2001 Pennise et al. 2002 Pennise et al. 2002 Pennise et al. 2002 Pennise et al. 2002 Pennise et al. 2002 Pennise et al. 2002 Zhang et al., 2000 RWEDP, 1993 Zhang et al., 2000 RWEDP, 1993 Smith et al, 2001 RWEDP, 1993 Smith et al, 2001 RWEDP, 1993 IEA, 2005 Zhang et al., 2000 Zhang et al., 2000 IEA, 2005 IEA, 2005 IEA, 2005

Maize stalks Wheat stalks Rice stalks Dung Coal China China China (washed) US India South Africa

22.5 27.3 @ 2.1 % MCwet 30.1 @ 4.7 % MCwet 26.2 18.4 23.5

wind conditions 1 2 3 4 5 6 (Select from list) No wind Light breeze Moderate wind Strong wind Very strong wind

fuel description (Select from list) Manufactured Cut to size Natural Briquettes Charcoal Gel Liquid

IWA VITA WBT Tiers High Power Thermal Efficiency Low Power Specific Consumption High Power CO Low Power CO High Power PM Low Power PM Indoor Emissions CO Indoor Emissions PM Safety

units % MJ/min/L g/MJd g/min/L mg/MJd mg/min/L g/min mg/min Johnsons

< > > > > > > > <

Tier 0 0.15 0.05 16 0.2 979 8 0.97 40 45

Tier 1 0.15 0.05 16 0.2 979 8 0.97 40 45

Tier 2 0.25 0.039 11 0.13 386 4 0.62 17 75

Tier 3 0.35 0.028 9 0.1 168 2 0.49 8 88

version# 4.2.2

Tier 4 0.45 0.017 8 0.09 41 1 0.42 2 95