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11 PREMEDICAL-TEST PTERIDOPHYTA AND GYMNOSPERM

1. Most primitive type of stele found in pteridophytes is: (A) Siphonostele (B) Protostele (C) (D) Dictyostele 'Horse tail is: (A) Lycopodium Solenostele

2.

(B) Equisetum

(C) Isoetes

3.

(D) Adiantum The antherozoides (male gametes) in Selaginella are: (A) Multiflagellated (B) Biflagellated (C) Bi or multiflagellated (D) Non-flagellated In the archegonium of Dryopteris there are: (A) There are 4 neck canal cells (B) 3 neck canal cells (C) One neck canal cell with single nucleus (D) One neck canal cell with 2 nuclei The main plant body of Selaginella species is: (A) Gametophyte (B) Sporophyte (D) Halophyte

4.

5.

(C)

Both

(A)

and

(B)

6.

7.

Number of spores in sporangium of fern are: (A) 64 (B) 32 (D) 128 Fern prothallus is: (A) Heterotrophic (B) Heteromorphic (C) (D) Heterothallic Pteridophytes differ from bryophytes in having: (A) Independent gametophyte and sporophyte (B) Sporophyte dependent on gametophyte (C) Gametophyte dependent on sporophyte (D) Absence of sporophyte What represents the gametophytic generation in pteridophytes? (A) (B) (C) (D) Main plant body Heart-shaped prothallus Structure surrounded by kidney-shaped indusium Stomium

(C) 16

Homothallic

8.

9.

10.

Heterospory and ligulate leaves are features of: (A) Selaginella (B) Ferns (D) All pteridophytes

(C)

All

bryophytes

11.

The fern rhizome is: (A) Root (D) Rhizophore (B) Stem (C) Rhizoid

12.

Which of the following is not involved in the fertilization of ferns? (A) Pollen tube (D) Flagellated sperms (B) Water (C) Archegonia

13.

The sporangia of eusporangiate ferns: (A) Possess a single layer of wall cells (B) Produce very few spores (C) Originate from a group of initial cells (D) Dehisce at the region of well-defined stomium In ferns, sporangia are borne on the: (A) Margins of leaf (C) Adaxial surface of leaf Which of the following is called walking fern? (A) Ophioglossum (B) Pteris (D) Adiantum

14.

(B) Abaxial surface of leaf (D) Only on the tip of leaf

15.

(C)

Pteridium

16.

Pteridophytes as a group differ from bryophytes in the: (A) Motile sperms (B) Presence of vascular tissue (C) Archegonia (D) Alternation of generations Megasporophyll of Selaginella is comparable to which structure of angiosperms? (A) Carpel (D) Leaf (B) Stamen (C) Ovule

17.

18.

A feature common to gamet ferns respectively is : (A) Independent existence (C) With only one flagella Prothallus of fern produces : (A) Spores (B) Gametes

ophytes and sporophytes of mosses and (B) Multiciliate (D) Smooth surface

19.

(C) Both

(D) None of these (A) Riccia

20.

Multiflagellate male gametes or sperms are found in: Funaria (B) Dryopteris (C) (D) Chlamydomonas

21.

Young sporophyte of Pteris fern draws nourishment from prothallus through: (A) Root (B) Rhizoid (C) Foot (D) Haustoria The kidney-shaped structure covering the sorus in Dryopteris is called: (A) Placenta (B) Ramentum (C) Sporophyll (D) Indusium The pteridophyte popularly known as Quillwort and Merllyns grassis: (A) Isoetes (D) Selaginella (B) Marsillea (C) Lycopodium

22.

23.

24.

Fern plant is a: (A) Haploid gametophyte (C) Diploid sporophyte (B) Diploid gametophyte (D) Haploid sporophyte

25.

If the number of chromosomes in the foot of a fern embryo is 8, what should be the number in its spore? (A) 4 (B) 8 (C) 16 (D) 23 Seed habit first originated in: (A) Certain ferns (C) Certain monocots

26.

(B) Certain pines (D) Certain dicots

27.

While entering the neck of a fern archegonium, sperms show: (CET Chandigarh 1997) (A) Phototaxy (B) Chemotaxy (C) Thermotaxy (D) Cyclosis (D) S. pallidissima Main plant of Selaginella species is: (A) Gametophyte (B) Sporophyte (D) Halophytes

28.

(C) Both (A) and (B)

29.

Sporocarp is a reproductive structure of: (A) Some algae (B) Some aquatic ferns having sori (C) Angiosperms having spores (D) Bryophytes Protostele is: (A) Stele divided into many parts (B) Early stele with central solid xylem surrounded by phloem (C) Latent stele

30.

(D) Angiosperm stele 31. If a sporangium is derived from a single cell, it is called: (A) Leptosporangiate (B) Eusporangiate (C) Heterosporangiate (D) None of these Prothallus means: (A) Immature gametophyte Immature sporophyte (C) Immature archegonium (D) None of these 33. In ferns, meiosis occurs during: (A) Spore formation (C) Antheridia formation A pteridophyte which fixes N2 is: (A) Azolla (D) Selaginella In ferns, archegonia are found on: (A) Prothallus (D) Sporangia (B)

32.

(B) Gamete formation (D) All of these

34.

(B) Salvinia

(C) Pteris

35.

(B) Leaves

(C) Stem

36.

Large leaves of ferns are called fronds which are: 2001) (A) Reproductive (B) Vegetative (D) All of these

(CPMT (C) Foliage

37.

The first plants to appear after a forest fire are the ferns, this is because of the survival of their: (Kerala PMT 2004) (A) Spores (B) Leaves (C) Fronds (D) Rhizomes Coal is formed by. (A) Pteridophytes (D) Bacteria (B) Bryophytes (C) Fungi

38.

39.

Sometimes the prothallus of a fern gives rise to a fern plant without any fertilization. This is an example of: (A) Apospory (D) Parthenogenesis (B) Apogamy (C) Parthenocarpy

40.

Club moss is the common name of: Lycopodium (B) Selaginella (D) Potamogeton

(A) (C) Funaria

41.

In Selaginella, a member of Pteridophytes, heterosporous spores are: (A) Large and small (B) Haploid and diploid (C) Asexual and sexual (D) All spores of same size In rhizome of Pteridium, stele which is composed of two or more than two concentric rings of vascular bundles, is called: (Raj. PMT 2002) (A) Polycyclic (B) Siphonostele (C) Ectophloic siphonostele (D) Cladosiphonostele

42.

43.

Dryopteris differs from Funaria in having: (A) An independent gametophyte (B) An independent sporophyte (C) Swimming antherozoids (D) Archegonia

44.

Pollen chamber in gymnosperm is found in (A) Antherlobe (B) Ovule (C) Microsporophyll (D) Seed Polarity of embryo in gymnosperms is (A) Exoscopic (C) Lateral Testa in seed of Pinus develops from: (A) Whole integument (C) Middle stony layer of integument Seed fern is a group of (A) Bryophyta (D)Angiosperm

45.

(B) Endoscopic (D) Lateral and endoscopic

46.

(B) Outer fleshy layer of integument (D) Inner fleshy layer of integument

47.

(B) Pteridophyta

(C)

Gymnosperm

48.

Which of the following statement is correct ? (A) The seed of gymnosperm represent 3 generations (B) The members of gymnosperms are typically dicot like (C) Gymnosperms are phanerogames without ovary (D) All of the above Phanerogams without ovary are: (A) Pteridophytes (B) Gymnosperms (C) Angiosperms (D) All of these

49.

50.

Which of the following is not included in Archegoniatae'? (A) Bryophytes (B) Pteridophytes (C) Gymnosperms (D) Angiosperms Most primitive of gymnosperms are: (A) Cycadales (B) Bennettitales (D) Ginkgoales

51.

(C) Cycadofilicales

52.

Vessels in xylem of gymnosperms are: (A) Present (B) Absent (C) Absent except Gnetales (D) Present except Gnetales Male gametophytes in gymnosperms have prothallial cells: (A) 0 (B) 1 (D) None of these Wood in Pinus is: (A) Porous (D) None of these

53.

(C) 1 or more

54.

(B) Pycnoxylic

(C) Manoxylic

55.

Both Pinus and Cycas have: (A) Motile sperms (B) Motile and non-motile sperms respectively (C) Non-motile and motile sperms respectively (D) Non-motile sperms In plants, largest egg is found in: (A) Cycas (D) Selaginella Vascular bundles in Pinus needle are: (A) Collateral and open (C) Radial

56.

(B) Pinus

(C) Sequoia

57.

(B) Collateral and closed (D) None of these

58.

Phenomenon of Sulphur shower is related with: (A) Cycas (B) Pinus (D) None of these The interval between pollination and fertilization in Pinus (A) 1 day (B) 1 week (D) 1 year Source of male gametes in Cycas is: (A) Body cell (B) Tube cell (D) None of these

(C) Ginkgo

59.

(C) 1 month

60.

(C) Prothallial

cell

61.

Endosperm in Pinus is: (A) Pre-fertilization tissue (C) Pre or post-fertilization tissue

(B) Post-fertilization tissue (D) None of the above

62.

Wing of seed of Pinus is developed from: (A) Outer layer of integument (B) Inner layer of integument (C) Inner layer of integument and basal part of ovuliferous scale (D) Only from ovuliferous scale Endosperm in gymnosperms develops from: (A) Microspore (B) Megaspore (C) Secondary nucleus (D) Archegonium The number of neck canal cells in the archegonium of Cycas is: (A) 2 (B) 4 (D) 0 In female gametophyte of Cycas, number of archegonia present is: (A) More than ten (B) Two to eight (C) One (D) None of these Wood of Pinus is: (A) Manoxylic and monoxylic (C) Manoxylic and polyxylic

63.

64.

(C) 6

65.

66.

(B) Pycnoxylic and monoxylic (D) Pycnoxylic and polyxylic

67.

Which of the following characters does not hold true for Pinus ? (A) Bracts and ovuliferous scales (B) Embryo with two cotyledons (C) Resin canals in needles (D) Tracheids with bordered pits

68.

In the plants of Cycas, the male cone lacks: (A) Microspore (B) Microsporophyl (C) Microsporangium (D) Nucellus 69. Which is commonly known as Living fossil? (A) Ginkgo biloba (B) Pinus (D) None of these

(C) Cycas

70.

Among the following, which does not belong to sporophyte generation in Pinus? (A) Dwarf shoot (B) Long shoot (C) Roots (D) Endosperm