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| Electrical O&M Manual | Project XXXXX |

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1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT


1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT.................................................................................1
1.1 ELECTRICAL SCOPE OF WORKS................................................................................................................................................2 1.2 PROJECT DESIGN CRITERIA........................................................................................................................................................3 1.3 LV DISTRIBUTION..........................................................................................................................................................................4 1.3.1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW...................................................................................................................................................4 1.3.2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION..............................................................................................................................................5 1.3.3 CONTROL.....................................................................................................................................................................6 1.3.4 EQUIPMENT.................................................................................................................................................................7

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Section: 3 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT

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1.1 ELECTRICAL SCOPE OF WORKS The electrical services installations installed to the 1. 2.

XXXXXXXX

comprise:

Main LV distribution equipment including switchgear, distribution boards and cable containment systems within the Basement Level electrical switch rooms. Sub-main cable installation including mechanical services equipment, guest rooms and lift installations including all cable containment, fixings, terminations etc.

3. Lighting installation complete with all emergency lighting etc. including luminaires, lamps, controls, containment, final circuit wiring etc. 4. Lighting controls system. 5. Small power installation including supply, installation, terminations, and cable containment systems etc 6. Site wide addressable fire alarm system including supply, installation, terminations, cable containment systems and commissioning. 7. TV/FM/Satellite System including supply, installation, terminations, cable containment systems and commissioning. 8. 9. Disabled toilet alarm system to cover all disabled guestrooms and public toilets. Intercom system for the Disabled Refuge and Fire Brigade

10. Access control system for the guest rooms 11. Small Power and containment only for the Voice, Data and AV Systems. 12. CCTV monitoring system. 13. Earthing and bonding installation. 14. Testing and commissioning.

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1.2

PROJECT DESIGN CRITERIA


Electrical Equipment Specification 1250 kW 15 W/m 10 W/m 10 W/m 10 W/m <1 W/m2 <1 W/m2 UPS Loads 100% None 25 33% on Emergency Packs None 25 33% on Emergency Packs None 25 33% on Emergency Packs None 25 33% on Emergency Packs None 100% on Separate UPS None 100% on Separate UPS Generator Requirement 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%

Service Main Power Lighting Plantroom Areas Lighting UPS Room Lighting Battery Room Lighting Security Systems BMS

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Section: 3 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT

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1.3 1.3.1

LV DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OVERVIEW

The LV electrical system served by the Packaged Sub-Station and switchboards located within the XXXXXXXX Switchrooms and consists of the following major items of equipment as detailed on record drawings XXXXXXXX located in Section 9 of these manuals. 1. 2. Package Sub Station Switchboard PSS 1A - supplied from the A Stream HV ring (DRUPS) supply with secondary generator back up supplies. Package Sub Station Switchboard PSS 1B - supplied from the B Stream HV ring (DRUPS) supply.

HV cabling has been installed between the HV Switchboards and the incoming terminals of the transformer. HV Cabling rated to 11kV has been installed between the HV Switchgear. The HV cabling installed consists of 11kV rated red sheathed, XLPE/SWA/LSZH 3 core cables with copper tape screen to B.S.6622 type TCTA, cleated to ladder racks. Control cabling comprises of Multicore 600/1000V grade, XLPE or PVC insulated, SWA cabling installed between the control sections of the HV switchgear. All distribution switchboards utilise air circuit breakers and moulded case circuit breakers and have been fitted with protection arrangements, interface devices and terminals to facilitate the remote status monitoring to the PMS and BMS systems. All circuit breakers and protection have been interfaced with the PMS and BMS via terminal units located in each Switchboard. The interconnecting control and monitoring wiring comprises of multicore screened flexible multi-core LSF screened cabling installed to cable trays.

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1.3.2 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION The packaged substation consists of HV and LV sections coupled together by an 11kV/415V cast resin transformer and comprising of the following components. The switchboards are described as follows with more fully detailed information located in ZZ Switchgear manual. The ACB and MCCB positions are provided with remote monitoring to monitor all conditions and device status interfaced to relay with the PMS & BMS systems. Sub-main cable distribution systems from the LV switchboard have been routed on a network of cable ladders and trays and as indicated on the Distribution Schematics/ layout drawings. The low voltage sub-main cables generally comprise XLPE/SWA/LSF cables. The switchboard has been provided with the following ACBs and MCCBs and on the incoming and outgoing ways as detailed in the table below. SUB SWITCHBOARD PSS 1A
WAY REFERENCE INCOMING / OUTGOING ACB SUPPLY FROM HV/1A via TRANSFORMER TXA OUTGOING WAY UPS 1 SUPPLY UPS 2 SUPPLY UPS 3 SUPPLY UPS 4 SUPPLY (FUTURE) STATIC BYPASS MAINTENANCE BYPASS SUPPLY POWER FACTOR CORRECTION EQUIPMENT (FUTURE) TRIPPING BATTERY SUPPLY 5 NO SPARE WAYS 2 NO SPARE WAYS TRANSIENT OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION 1600A 4P ACB (NORMALLY CLOSED) 1600A 4P ACB (NORMALLY CLOSED) 1600A 4P ACB (NORMALLY CLOSED) 1600A ACB CHASSIS 3200A TP&N ACB (NORMALLY CLOSED) 2500A 4P ACB (NORMALLY CLOSED) 1000A TP&N CHASSIS 100A TP&N FIXED FUSE SWITCH 160A TP&N MCCB PLUG IN BASE 100A TP&N MCCB PLUG IN BASE 200A TP&N FUSES 4000 TP&N ACB (NORMALLY CLOSED) MCCB / ACB / FUSE

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1.3.3 CONTROL The Package Sub Switchboards are provided with incoming power to the 11kV/415V transformers which are connected to the incoming section of the LV switchboards. The Package Sub Switchboards are provided with an emergency power off (EPO) system which will shut down the LV switchboards when activated. The system forms part of the REF (restricted earth fault) relay system and transformer temperature monitoring system as detailed within the HV Distribution system in Section 2 of this manual. The UPS is connected via the Landlords LV Switchboard PSS 1A which can be used to bypass the UPS and feed the critical load with raw mains power (from DRUPS Power Station D). A Castell interlock system prevents the bypass circuit from being activated unless the UPS units are in static bypass, preventing damage to the UPS system. The Bypass Panel also provides complete isolation of each of the UPS and SBM units such that the devices can be serviced or even completely replaced without removing power to the critical load. The UPS Output Switchboard A1 is split into two sections via an ACB normally closed bus coupler. In the event of loss of power to Stream A the switchboard provides essential no break supplies to the PDU 1A. The switching procedures are detailed within the Section 7 XXXX Operating and Maintenance Manuals.

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1.3.4

EQUIPMENT

1.3.4.1 LV SWITCHBOARDS
The switchboards are floor mounted, free standing boards and comprise single busbar system, incorporating incoming and outgoing ways with final circuit protection via ACB's, MCCB's and HRC fuses. The switchboards are designed for front operation and are constructed to the requirements of BSEN 60947. The switchboards are air insulated and have mechanical ingress protection rated at IP31 in accordance with IEC62271-200. All package switchboards have been protected against transient over voltage by means of electronic protection devices. The switchboards are designed for the following operations to be performed safely when the assembly is in service and under load: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Visual inspection of switching devices and other apparatus; settings and indicators of relays and releases; conductor connections and markings Adjustment and re-setting of relays, releases and electronic devices Replacement of fuse links Replacement of indicating lamps Testing and calibration of metering and protection units Thermal scanning of connections via a thermal imaging window

BUSBARS The busbars comprise of rectangular section, hard drawn, high conductivity copper bars which are air insulated and are designed to withstand the fault level for 1 second. Fully rated phase and enhanced neutral busbars (150%) are provided within the package substation and UPS output switchboards. Fully rated phase and neutral busbars are provided within the mechanical services switchboard.

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1.3.4.2 TRANSFORMER
The transformers consist of a vacuum cast coil dry transformer enclosed within the HV Section of the Packaged Substation panel. The transformers ambient rooms conditions are cooled to provide a maximum temperature of 40 deg C. Each transformer is enclosed in ventilated enclosure with access to the transformer via front access doors. These doors are provided with mechanical Castell key safety interlocks to prevent unauthorised opening and tampering. The transformer is provided with over current, short circuit current, earth fault, and restricted earth fault protection. Transformer windings are fitted with internal overheat temperature sensors/thermostats and terminals to provide overheat condition audible and visual alarm indication and trip remote indication to the PMS., together with terminals to shunt trip the transformers primary side protection circuit breaker, as indicated on the manufacturers drawings. In addition current transformers (CT's) have been installed to monitor current flow to earth, placed around the transformers star connection earthing conductor. This 'reference earth' current transformer (CT) is connected to facilitate the shunt trip operation of transformers secondary side LV ACB circuit breaker, as indicated on the manufacturers drawings. In the event of the LV ACB or HV VCB being tripped due to operation of the transformer high temperature cut-out or restricted earth fault relay operating, the ACB and VCB will need to be reset once the cause of the fault has been rectified.

1.3.4.3 AIR CIRCUIT BREAKERS (ACB'S)


Each switching device is operated by means of energy stored in a manually charged spring with both manual and electrical releases with indication of both 'Charged' and 'Discharged' status. Both the incoming and outgoing ACB's comprise of manually operated stored energy, withdrawable pattern fitted with CT operated solid state over-current plus earth fault protection relays, tripping device providing adjustable long time, short-time and instantaneous tripping characteristics. Padlocking facilities have been provided to prevent breaker operation, maintain isolation and include facilities to prevent the operation of the ON and/or OFF buttons and the facility of padlocking the ACB in the disconnected (withdrawn) position. The ACBs are provided with electronic (Micrologic 2.0/5.0) trip units as detailed in the equipment schedules of this manual.

1.3.4.4 MULTIFUNCTION POWER METERS


The switchboards have multifunction power meters to measure various parameters including Voltage, Current, Power, Power Factor, Frequency, etc which can be viewed on the meter display. All meters are powered from the 24V dc battery tripping system and are linked together via a Modus comms system back to the interface section. All meters are fitted with appropriately rated current transformers and fused sensing supply. The meters are connected to the PMS using RS485 cable connected to a common terminal block in the bus-section panel.

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1.3.4.5 SURGE PROTECTION


The surge protection device provides protection against voltage surges typically induced on the mains typically by lightning strikes. The unit is provided with remote visual indication in the event of a fault. The unit provides the following operation and indication elements: 1. 2. 3. 4. Green Only - Full protection, power ON. Green + Red - WARNING: Reduced protection, replace unit as soon as possible. Red only = NO PROTECTION. Replace unit immediately. No Lights = NO power connection or fault. Check external fuses and connections.

A reduced protection remote indication facility via a normally open and a normally closed volt free contact. The normally open (NO) contact is open when the ESP unit is healthy and power is present. The normally closed (NC) contact is closed when the unit is healthy and power is present. In addition to a warning of the reduced protection state, the normally closed volt free contact can also be used to signal power loss on one or more phases.

1.3.4.6 EARTH FAULT PROTECTION & INTERTRIP RELAY


The Switch panels are fitted with a MCAG type stabilized earth fault current relay that provides zerocurrent differential protection of the star point winding (restricted earth fault) of a transformer. The output is monitored by the PMS. The MCAG14 REF Relay is powered by 24V DC supply. In the event of an over current or earth fault scenario being detected by the Relay, the HV Breaker will be inter-tripped and trip off the Mains incoming ACB. The status of the trip will be indicated by the LED on the front of the unit.

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1.3.4.7 TRIPPING BATTERIES


Each of the switchboards are provided with battery and charger units, providing 24Vdc supplies for the tripping, closing and auxiliary supplies to the integral control devices. Each unit incorporates a sealed lead acid battery and an automatic constant voltage charger, which provides 24 hour standby capacity. Each tripping battery unit has the following features: 1. Input voltage 230V ac, single phase +/-10% 2. Voltage drop at full load 2% 3. Battery capacity suitable for 3 open/close operations of all devices without recharge. Full recharge is achieved in 24hours 4. Lead acid sealed cell to BS6290 Part 4 with a design life of 5 years 5. Battery monitor to show Battery voltage (V), Battery charge/discharge current (A), Amperehours consumed (Ah), State of charge (%), Time to go at the current rate of discharge, visual and audible alarm for over and under voltage, and/or battery discharged. 6. Indicator lamps to provide indication of Mains earth, Low Battery Volts, Charger Fail, Power supply Fail, Battery Protection activated, fuse failure. 7. Battery protection unit to disconnect the battery from non essential loads before it is completely discharged (which would damage the battery) or before it has insufficient power left. A common alarm will be raised at the PMS upon charger failure or output failure. All units are fitted with a charge fail alarm relay linked to the PMS via a set of volt-free contacts.

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