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RESURRECTING OSIRIS

TheAuthorMuataAbhayaAshbyD.D.,p.e.,
ABOUT DR. ASHBY
Muata Ashby was born in New York City but grew up in the
Caribbean. Displayinganearly interest in ancient civilizations
and the Humanities, he beganto studythese subjects whiie in
collegebutputtheseaside to workinthebusinessworld. After
successfully running abusiness withhis wife for several years
they decided to pursue a deeper movement in life. Mr. Ashby
began studies in the area of religion and philosophy and
achieved doctorates in these areas while at the same time he
began to collect his research into what would later become
severalbooksonthe subjectofthe origins ofYoga Philosophy
and practice in: ancient Africa (Ancient Egypt) and also the
originsofChristianMysticisminAncientEgypt.
Sebai Maa (Muata Ashby) holds a Doctor of Philosophy
Degree in Religion, and a Doctor of Divinity Degree in
HolisticHealth. He is also aPastoralCounselorandTeacherof
Yoga Philosophy and Discipline. Dr. Ashby received his
Doctor of Divinity Degree from and is an adjunct faculty
member ofthe American Institute ofHolistic Theology. Dr.
Ashby is a certified as a PREP Relationship Counselor. Dr. Ashby has been an independent
researcher and practitioner ofEgyptian, Indian and Chinese Yoga and psychology as well as
Christian Mysticism. Dr. Ashby has engaged in Post Graduate research in advanced lnana,
Bhakti and Kundalini Yogas at the Yoga Research Foundation under the direction ofSwami
lyotirmayananda. He has extensivelystudiedmysticalreligioustraditionsfrom around the world
and is an accomplished lecturer, musician, artist, poet, screenwriter, playwright and author of
over 25 books on yoga and spiritual philosophy. He is an Ordained Minister and Spiritual
Counselor and also the founder the Serna Institute, a non-profit organization dedicated to
spreadingthewisdomofYogaandtheAncientEgyptianmysticaltraditions.
Dr. Ashby began his research into the spiritual philosophy ofAncient Egypt and India and
notIced correlations in the culture and arts ofthe two countries. This was the catalyst for a
successful book series on the subject called "Egyptian Yoga". Now he has created a series of
musical compositions which explore this unique area of music from ancient Egypt and its
connectionto worldmusic.
SernaInstituteofYogalCruzianMysticBooksP. O. Box 570459Miami,Florida,33257
(305)378-6253 Fax: (305)378-6253
In
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THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
TABLEOFCONTENTS
FOREWORD..............................................................................................................................................11
Preface: A BriefHistoryofShetautNeter..................................................................................................13
Early Beginnings:TheFirstReligion.....................................................................................................13
ALongHistory..................................................................................................................................14
Where Was ShetautNeterPracticed in AncientTimes?........................................................................15
TheTermKamitandtheOriginsoftheAncientEgyptians...................................................................16
TheHieroglyphicTextfortheNameQamit....\................................................................................17
When WasNeterian Religion Practiced?...............\..............................................................................18
WhoWeretheAncientEgyptiansand What is YogaPhilosophy?........................................................20
WhatIs AncientEgyptianReligion?..................................................................................................23
TheFundamental PrinciplesofNeterian Religion.............................................................................24
WhatisNeterianismand WhoaretheNeterians?..................................................................................24
NeterianGreatTruths.........................................................................................................................25
SummaryofTheGreatTruthsandtheShedyPathstotheirRealization...........................................27
ShetautNeter.............................................,............................................................................................28
WhoisNeterin KamitanReligion?........................................................................................................29
Sacred ScripturesofShe tautNeter.....................................................................................................29
Neterand'theNeteru...............................................................................................................................30
TheNeteru..............................................................................................................................................30
TheNeteruandTheirTemples...........................................................................................................31
TheNeteruandTheirInterrelationships........................................................................................; ...32
ListeningtotheTeachings......................................................................: ..........................................33
TheAnunianTradition.......................................................................................................................34
The'MelnphiteTradition....................................................................................................................35
TheThebanTradition.........................................................................................................................36
TheGoddessTradition.......................................................................................................................37
Mehurt("TheMightyFull One")TheAsarianTradition...................................................................37
TheAsariaoTradition........................................................................................................................38
TheAtonTradition.............................................................................................................................39
Akhnaton,Nefertitiand Daughters..................................................................................................:.39 .
TileGeneralPrinciplesofShetautNeter................................................................................................40
The.ForcesofEntropy........................................................................................................................41
TheGreatAwakeningofNeterianReligion.......................................................................................42
Whatis YogaPhilosophyand Spiritual Practice....................................................................................43
IntroductionToTheAsarian.......................................................................................................................46
ResurrectionTheCompleteMythofShetautAsar-Aset- Heru...................................................................46
TheKeystoReadingand UnderstandingaMyth......................................................................:.......52
TheImportanceofScripturesand Symbols...............................; ........................................................56
TheScripturesand SymbolsofShetautNeter. ...................................................................................57
THEUNABRIDGEDMYTHOFSHETAUTASAR-ASET-HERU................................................62
TheAsarian Resurrection Scripture......................................................:.............' ........................................68
Glosson TheAsarianResurrection ..........................................................................................................142
TheCyclesofCreation.....................................................................................................................144
Mystical Symbolism in theCharactersofthe Osirian Myth ...... ,._"c;...................................................145
ASARANDTHEDuat....................................................................................................................156
TheCharactersoftheOsirian Myth as Psycho-spiritual StagesofHuman Evolutioi1.........................160
Christianityand TheOsirianReligion..................................................................................................172
TheChristianEucharistandtheOsirian Mystery............................................................................ 173
OpeningTheMouthofTheAsar(the Initiate)...................... ,.........................................................179
Asetand the WakeningoftheSoul..................................................................................................180
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RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
IncorporatingtheOsirianRitualsintoyourLife.....................................:............................................182
CONCLUSIONTOPART1. ...........................................................: ....................................................185
Howto studythewisdomteachings:................................................................................................187
MeditationonTheAsarianMyth:AJourneytotheDuat........................................................................189
PartII: TheMysticalTeaching'sofTheAsarianResurrection..................................................................196
INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................197
TI-IE MYSTICALSYMBOLISMOF.......................................................................................................205
TI-IE STORYOF ASARASETANDHERU..........................................................................................205
TheMysticalSymbolismof-TheCharactersintheAsarianMystery...................................................206
ACommentaryOnTheAsarianResurrectionTheMysticalTeachingsof TheAsarian Myth................216
Nu:thePrimevalOcean...................................................................................................................218
TheCyclesofCreationandTheIllusorinessof Time......................................................................219
GENERALSUBJECTINDEX.................................................................................................................249
OtherBooksFromCMBooks.................................................................................................................257
MusicBasedonthePrtMHru andotherKemeticTexts.........................................................................278
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THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
What do you want most in life? For what are you truly looking? What is there in life to fulfill
your deepest longings, needs and desires?
In every walk of life, there are people who seek for the ultimate fulfillment of their existence.
If you have picked up this book, you must have begun to realize by now that what you are
seeking is not to be found in the world of ordinary human experiences. Ifit were, you would
have already found it and experienced complete fulfillment by now, or you would have
witnessed someone who had discovered such happiness and peace. If you believe in the law of
reincarnation, you must at least understand intellectually that you have been in all parts of the
world and have experienced vast amounts of prosperity as well as the depths of degradation
through countless embodiments, and still you have not discovered that for which . you are
looking. This points to the simple fact that if you have not discovered what you have been
looking for after all of this time, then there is no guarantee that you will find it in the future
either.
When you become tired of following the trite rhetoric given by society as to the importance of
material values and weary of religious dogmas and un-fulfilling popular rituals such as the
fanaticism over sports, sex or thrill seeking activities, you might begin to hunger for something
more abiding, substantial and real.
The earliest seekers of mystical truth decided to forsake the world of human experience and in
so doing, discovered that the world of human experience, that is, the experiences within society
and nature which appear to be so real and abiding, are not the only realities nor the absolute
truths of existence. In this realization they discovered that they were more than just mortal
individuals who seemed to come out of the union of a man and woman, only to grow up
experiencing the frailties and fleeting pleasures of human existence, and then to ultimately die.
They realized that beyond the physical nature there is a vast and eternal consciousness which is
the source of the spirit that enlivens the physical body. In this experience they discovered that
they were not separate from the universe, but that the universe is indeed an expression of the
Divine wherein cosmic forces originate, sustain, interact with and interpenetrate all that exists.
They realized that it was their ignorance of this truth which led them to the erroneous search in
the wilderness of human experience for the ultimate fulfillment of their desires, supreme peace
and happiness.
In their discovery of that which sustains the umverse and human consciousness, they
discovered the source of supreme peace and abiding happiness. Out of universal love and
compassion, derived from that peace and bliss which they discovered, they set about to develop
systems of mythology and philosophy along with mental and physical disciplines which WOuld
allow others to come into the same experience.
Religion, in its original form, is meant to lead people from ignorance of the true Self to the
light of knowledge. Religion is a composite of myth and certain mental and physical exercises,
known under the general term "Yoga", which are designed to enhance the spiritual development
of the person who practices them. While yoga is technically not to be considered a religion or a
philosophy, yogic disciplines have been used by philosophers and religions throughout history in
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RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
order to promote the spiritual process as prescribed by the particular religious or philosophical
system. Yogais moreakintoascienceortechnologyfor controllingandpurifyingthe mindand
bodywhichwillallowthespiritwithinto emerge.
Thegoal ofyoga isto promote integration ofthe mihd-body-spirit complex inorderto produce
optimalhealthof thehumanbeing.Thisisaccomplishedthroughmentalandphysicalexerciseswhich
promotethefree flow ofspiritualenergy byreducingmental complexescausedby ignorance. There
aretworoadswhichhlUTIanbeingscanfollow; oneofwisdomandtheotherofignorance.Thepathof
themassesis generallythepathofignorancewhichleadstheminto negativesituations,thoughtsand
deeds. These in turn leadto ill health and sorrowin life. The other road is basedonwisdom and it
leadstohealth,truehappinessandenlightenment.
The ancient religion ofAsar, Aset and Heru (Osiris, Isis and Heru), ifproperly understood,
contains all ofthe elements necessary to lead the sincere aspirant to attain immortality through
innerself-discovery. TheOsirianmythis so powerfulthatit is stillhavinganeffectonthe world
religions.Therefore,itismygreathonortopresentthecompleteOsirianmythandtoexpoundon
themysticalandmythologicalimplicationsand teachingsofthe myth. It ismyhopethatallwho
readofthis wonderful epic andthenpracticethe yogic disciplinesprescribedbyitwill discover.
supremepeaceandeternalblissinthisverylifetime!
MuataAbhayaAshby 1996
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THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
CZl tiiStOf't of
SJ.uztal4t
EarlyBeginnings:TheFirstReligion
AncientEgyptwas thefirst andmostancientcivilizationtocreate areligioussystemthatwas
complete with all three stages of religion, as well as an advanced spiritual philosophy of
righteousness, calledMaatPhilosophy, thatalso had seculardimensions. Several temple systems
were developed in Kamit; they were all related. The pre-Judaic/Islamic religions that the later
JewishandMuslim religionsdrewfrom in order to createtheirreligions developed out ofthese,
ironically enough, onlyto later repudiate the source from whencethey originated. Inany case,
the Great Sphinx remains the oldest known religious monument in history that denotes high
culture and civilization as well. Ancient EgyptandNubiaproduced the oldestreligious systems
and their contact with the rest ofthe world led to the proliferation ofadvanced religion and
spiritual philosophy. People who were practicing simple animism, shamanism, nature based
religions and witchcraft were elevated to the level ofnot only understanding the nature ofthe
Supreme Being, but also attaining salvation from the miseries of life through the effective
discovery ofthat Transcendental being, not as an untouchable aloof Spirit, but as the very
essenceofallthatexists.
NETERIANISM10.000B.C.E.- 2001 A.C.E.
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RESURRECTING OSIRIS
ALong History
For a period spanning over 10,000 years the Neterian religion served the society of ancient
Kamit. It is hard to comprehend the vastness of time that is encompassed by Ancient Egyptian
culture, religion and philosophy. Yet the evidence is there to be seen by all. It has been collected
and presented in the book African Origins of Civilization, Religion and Yoga Philosophy. That
volume will serve as the historical record for the Neterian religion and as record of its legacy to
all humanity. It serves as the basis or foundation for the work contained in all the other books in
this series that have been created to elucidate on the teachings and traditions as well as
disciplines of the varied Neterian religious traditions.
The book African Origins of Civilization, Religion and Yoga Philosophy, and the other volumes
on the specific traditions detail the philosophies and disciplines that should be practiced by those
who want to follow the path of Hm or Hmt, to be practitioners of the Shetaut Neter religion and
builders of the Neterian faith worldwide.
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THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
WhereWasShetautNeterPracticedinAncientTimes?
Below left: A mapofNorthEastAfricashowingthelocation ofthelandofTa-
Meri orKamit, also known as Ancient Egypt and South ofit is located the land
which in moderntimesiscalledSudan.
Africa
Sourcesof
theNile
. Aboveright- TheLandofAncientEgypt-NileValley
The cities wherein the major theologies ofNeterianism
developedwere:
A- Sau(templeofNet),
B- Anu(Heliopolis- templeofRa),
C- Men-neferorHetkaptah(Memphis,templeof
Ptah),
D- Sakkara(PyramidTexts),
E- Akhet-Aton(CityofAkhenaton, templeofAton),
Abdu(templeofAsar),
G- Denderah(templeofHetheru),
H- Waset(Thebes,temple ofAmun),
1- Edfu(templeof Heru),
J- Philae (temple ofAset). The cities wherein the
theologyoftheTrinityofAsar-Aset-Heruwasdeveloped
wereAnu, Abydos,Philae,Edfu,DenderahandEdfu.
TheLandofKamitinAfrica
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RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
TheTennKamitandtheOriginsoftheAncientEgyptians
AncientOrigins
The Ancient Egyptians recorded that they were originally a colony of Ethiopians from the
south who came to the north east part of Africa. The term "Ethiopian," "Nubian," and "Kushite"
all relate to the same peoples who lived south of Egypt. In modem times, the land which was
once known as Nubia ("Land of Gold"), is currently known as the Sudan, and the land even
further south and east towards the coast of east Africa is referred to as Ethiopia (see map above).
Recent research has shown that the modern Nubian word kiji means "fertile land, dark gray
mud, silt, or black land." Since the sound of this word is close to the Ancient Egyptian name
Kish or Kush, referring to the land south of Egypt, it is believed that the name Kush also meant
"the land of dark silt" or "the black land." Kush was the Ancient Egyptian name for Nubia.
Nubia, the black land, is the Sudan of today. Sudan is an Arabic translation of sud which is the
plural form of aswad, which means "black," and an which means "of the." So, Sudan means "of
the blacks." In the modern Nubian language, nugud means "black." Also, nuger, nugur, and nubi <>
mean "black" as welL All of this indicates that the words Kush, Nubia, and Sudan all mean the
same thing - the "black land" andlor the "land of the blacks." 1 As we will see, the differences
between the term Kush and the term Kam (Qamit - name for Ancient Egypt in the Ancient
Egyptian language) relate more to the same meaning but different geographical locations.
As we have seen, the terms "Ethiopia," "Nubia," "Kush" and "Sudan" all refer to "black
land" andlor the "land of the blacks." In the same manner we find that the name of Egypt which
was used by the Ancient Egyptians also means "black land" andlor the "land of the blacks." The
hieroglyphs below reveal the Ancient Egyptian meaning of the words related to the name of their
land. It is clear that the meaning of the word Qamit is equivalent to the word Kush as far as they
relate to "black land" and that they also refer to a differentiation in geographical location, i.e.
Kush is the "black land of the south" and Qarnit is the "black land of the north." Both terms
denote the primary quality that defines Africa, "black" or "Blackness" (referring to the land and
its people). The quality of blackness and the consonantal sound of K or Q as well as the
reference to the land are all aspects of commonality between the Ancient Kushitic and Kamitan
terms.
1 "Nubia," Microsofl Encarta A!i"icana. 1999 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
16
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBIRTH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
The Hieroglyphic Text for the Name Qamit
Qamit- AncientEgypt
~ '1l\
c::J ~ Q a m i t - blackness black
c::J ~ ~ C> ~ Qamit_literatureofAncientEgypt- scriptures
c:J ~ ~ : Qamiuorvariant ..... ~ ...J ll-
Ancient Egyptians-peopleoftheblackland.
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RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
WhenWasNeterlanReligionPracticed?
c. 65,000B.C.E. Paleolithic- Nekhen(Hierakonpolis)
c. 10,000B.CE. Neolithic period
PREDYNASTICPERIOD
c. 10,500 B.C.E.-7;000 B.C.E. Creation ofthe Great Sphinx Modern archeological accepted
dates- Sphinxmeans Hor-m-akhetorHeru (Horus) inthe horizon. This means that the
King is one with the Spirit, Ra as an enlightened person possessing an animal aspect
(lion)andilluminatedintellect.AnunianTheology- Ra- SerpentPowerSpirituality
c. 10,000 B.CE.-5,500 B.C.E. The Sky GOD- Realm ofLight-Dav- NETER Androgynous -
All-encompassing-Absolute,NamelessBeing, lateridentifiedwithRa-Herakhti(Sphinx)
>7,000 B.C.E.KemeticMythandTheologypresentinarchitecture
OLD KINGDOMPERIOD
5500+ B.CE. to 600 A.CE. Amun -Ra - Ptah (Horus) - Amenit - Rai - Sekhmet (male and
female Trinity-ComplementaryOpposites)
5500+B.C.E.MemphiteTheology- Ptah
5500+B.C.E.HermopolitanTheology- Djehuti
5500+B.C.E.TheAsarianResurrectionTheology- Asar
5500+B.C.E.The GoddessPrinciple- Theology,Isis-Hathor-Net-Mut-Seklunet-Buto
5500 B.CE. (Dynasty 1) Beginning ofthe Dynastic Period (Unification ofUpper and Lower
Egypt) .
5000 B.CR (5
th
Dynasty) Pyramid Texts - Egyptian Book of Coming Forth By Day - 42
PreceptsofMAATand codificationofthePre-Dynastictheologies (Pre-Dynasticperiod:
10,000B.C.E.-5,500B.CE.)ComingForthByDay(BookoftheDead)
4241 B.CE.ThePharaonic(royal) calendarbasedonthe Sothicsystem(starSirius)was inuse.
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THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
MIDDLE KINGDOM PERIOD
3000B.CE.WISDOMTEXTs-PreceptsofPtahotep.InstructionsofAny,Instructionsof
Amenemope,Etc.
2040B.C.E.-1786B.C.E. COFFIN TEXTS ComingForthByDay(BookoftheDead)
1800B.CE.-ThebanTheologv- Amun
NEW KINGDOM PERIOD
1570B.C.E.-BooksofComingForthByDay(BookoftheDead)
1353 B.C.E.Atonism- Non-dualistPre-DynasticPhilosophywasredefinedbyAkhenaton.
712-657B.CE.TheNubianDynasty
657 B.C.E.- 450A.CE.Thisisthe lastperiodofAncientEgyptianculturewhichsawseveral
invasionsbyforeigners fromAsiaMinor(Assyrians,Persians)andEurope(GreeksandRomans)
andfinally theclosingofthetemples,murderingof priestsandpriestesses, the
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RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
WhoWeretheAncientEgyptiansandWhatisYogaPhilosophy?
The Ancient Egyptian religion (Shetaut Neter), language and symbols provide the first
"historical" record ofYogaPhilosophyandReligious literature. EgyptianYogais whathas been
commonlyreferredto by Egyptologistsas Egyptian"Religion"or"Mythology",butto thinkofit
asjustanothersetofstoriesorallegoriesabout a long lostcivilizationis to completelymissthe
greatest secret of human existence. Yoga, in all of its forms and disciplines of spiritual
development, was practiced in Egypt earlier than anywhere else in history. This unique
perspective from the highest philosophical system which developed in Africa over seven
thousandyearsago providesanewway to look at life, religion, the disciplineofpsychology and
the way to spiritual development leadingto spiritual Enlightenment. Egyptianmythology, when
understoodasasystemofYoga(unionofthe individualsoulwiththe UniversalSoulorSupreme
Consciousness), gives every individual insight into their own divine nature and also a deeper
insightinto allreligionsandYogasystems.
Diodorus Siculus (Greek Historian) writes in the time of Augustus (first
centuryB.C.):
"Now the Ethiopians, as historians relate, were the first of all men and the
proofs of this statement, they say, are manifest. For that they did not come into
their land as immigrants from abroad but were the natives of it and so justly
bear the name of autochthones (sprungfrom thesoil itself), is, they maintain,
conceded by practically all men ... "
"They also say that the Egyptians are colonists sent out by the Ethiopians, Asar
having been the leader of the colony. For, speaking generally, what is now Egypt, they
maintain, was not land, but sea, when in the beginning the universe was being formed;
afterwards, however, as the Nile during the times of its inundation carried down the
mudfrom Ethiopia, land was gradually built up from the deposit ... And the larger parts
of the customs of the Egyptians are, they Iwld, Ethiopian, the colonists still preserving
their ancient manners. For instance, the belief that their kings are Gods, the very
special attention which they pay to their burials, and many other matters of a similar
nature, are Ethiopian practices, while the shapes of their statues and the forms oftheir
letters are Ethiopian; for of the two kinds of writing which the Egyptians.have, that
which is known as popular (demotic)is learned by everyone, while that which is called
sacred (hieratic), is understood only by the priests of the Egyptians, who learnt itfrom
their Fathers as one of the things which are not divulged, but among the Ethiopians,
everyone uses these forms of letters. Furthermore, the orders of the priests, they
maintain, have much the same position among both peoples; for all are clean who are
engaged in the service of the gods, keeping themselves shaven, like the Ethiopian
priests, and having the same dress andform ofstaff, which is shaped like a plough and
is carried by their king,'! who wear high felt hats which end in a knob in the top and are
circled by the serpents which they call asps; and this symbol appears to carry the
thought that it will be the lot who shall dare to attack the king to encounter death-
carrying stings. Many other things are told by them concerning their own antiquity and
the colony which they sent out that became the Egyptians, but about this tl,ere is no
special need ofour writing anything. "
20
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHAND ENLIGHTENMENT
TheAncientEgyptiantextsstate:
flOurpeopleoriginatedatthebaseofthemountainoftheMoon,
attheoriginof theNileriver."
"KMT"
"Egypt", "Burnt", "LandofBlackness","LandoftheBurntPeople."
KMT (Ancient Egypt) is situated close to Lake Victoria in present day Africa. This is the
same location wheretheearliesthumanremainshavebeenfound, inthelandcurrentlyknownas
Ethiopia-Tanzania. Recent genetic technology as reportedinthe new encyclopediasand leading
news publicationshas revealedthat all peoplesofthe world originatedinAfricaandmigratedto
other parts ofthe world prior to the last Ice Age 40,000 years ago. Therefore, as ofthis time,
genetictestinghasrevealedthatallhumans arealike. Theearliestbone fossils wHichhave been
found inmanypartsofthe world werethoseoftheAfricanGrimaldi type. Duringthe IceAge, it
was notpossibleto communicate qrto migrate. Thosetrapped inspecific locations were subject
to the regional forces otweather andclimate. Less warmerclimatesrequired less bodypigment,
therebyproducinglighterpigmentedpeoplewhonowdifferedfrom theirdark-skinnedancestors.
After theIce Age when travel was possible, these light-skinned people who had lived in the
northern, colder regions ofharsh weatherduring the Ice Age period moved backto the warmer
climates oftheir ancestors, and mixed with the people there who had remained dark-skinned,
therebyproducingtheSemiticcoloredpeople. "Semite" meansmixtureofskincolorshades.
Therefore, there is only one human race who, due to different climactic and regional
exposure, changedto a point where there seemed to be different "types" ofpeople. Differences
were noted with respect to skin color, hair texture, customs, languages, and with respect to the
essential nature(psychologicalandemotionalmakeup)duetotheexperiences eachgrouphadto
face andovercomeinordertosurvive.
Fromaphilosophical standpoint, thequestion asto theoriginofhumanity is redundantwhen
it is understood thatALL come from one origin which some choose to call the "Big Bang!! and .
others "TheSupremeBeing."
"Thou makest the color ofthe skin ofone race to be different from that of
another, buthowever many may be the varieties ofmankind, itis thou that
makes themallto live."
-AncientEgyptianProverbfrom The HymnsofAmun
"Souls,Heru,son,areoftheself-samenature,sincetheycamefrom thesame
.placewheretheCreat-ormodeledthem; normalenorfemale arethey. Sexis
athingofbodies notofSouls."
-AncientEgyptianProverbfrom The teachingsofAsetto Heru
Historical evidence proves that Ethiopia-Nubia already had Kingdoms at least 300 years
beforethe first Kingdom-PharaohofEgypt.
21
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
"Ancient Egypt was a colony of Nubia - Ethiopia....Asar having been the
leader of the colony ... "
"And upon his return to Greece, they gathered around and asked, "tell us about
this great land of the Blacks called Ethiopia. /I And Herodotus said, "There are
two great Ethiopian nations, one in Sind (India) and the other ilt E.,gypt. "
RecordedbyEgyptianhighpriestManetlw (300RC.)
also RecordedbyDimlorus (Greekhistorian100RC.)
The pyramids themselves however, cannot be dated, but indications are that they existed far
back in antiquity_ The Pyramid Texts (hieroglyphics inscribed on pyramid walls) and Coffin
Texts (hieroglyphicsinscribedon coffins) speakauthoritativelyonthe constitutionofthehwnan
spirit, the vital Life Force along the human spinal cord (known in India as "Kundalini"), the
immortality ofthe soul, reincarnation and the law ofCause and Effect (known in India as the
LawofKarma).
.Below.,Egyptianmanandwoman-(tombofPayry)18thDynastydisplayingthe
naturalisticstyle(aspeoplereallyappearedinancienttimes).
22
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
WhatIsAncientEgyptianReligion?
Those who wish to become Shemsu Neter (followers ofthe Kamitan (Ancient Egyptian)
spiritual teaching, are initiated into Shetaut Neter and Smai Tawi. Shetaut Neter is the religion
and its mythic teachings based on the varied traditions centered around the different gods and
goddesses. Smai Tawi are the yogic disciplines, techniques or technologies used to transform a
human being. Thesedisciplines promote a transformation through a movementthat purifies the
personality and renders it subtle enough to perceive the transcendental spiritual reality beyond
time and space. This is a movement from ignorance to enlightenment, from mortality and
weaknessto immortalityandsupremepower,todiscovertheAbsoYutefrom whencethegodsand
goddesses and all Creation arose. This is a movement towards becoming one withthe universe
and the consciousness behind itwhichis eternal and infinite. This is the lofty goal ofinitiation.
So those whotreadthis pathmustbematureandvirtuous as well as strong,physically, mentally
and emotionally. The purpose ofthe religion and disciplines is to promote purity ofheart and
virtue and these lead to higher realization and spiritual enlightenment. The Specific teachings
related to the god Asar (Osiris) actually constitute only one tradition within Ancient Egyptian
spirituality and mystical philosophy. Therefore, the next section will present an overview of
Shetaut Neter and how the Asarian Religion relates other traditions within Shetaut Neter
spirituality.Thefollowing sectionwillpresentanoverviewoftheShetautNeterandSmaiTawi.
23
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
TheFundamentalPrinciplesofNeterianReligion
NETERIANISM
(TheOldestKnown Religionin History)
Theterm"Neterianism"isderivedfromthename"ShetautNeter."ShetautNetermeansthe
"HiddenDivinity."It isthe ancientphilosophyandmythicspiritualculturethatgaverisetothe
AncientEgyptiancivilization.Thosewho followthespiritualpathofShetautNeteraretherefore
J referredto as"Neterians."Thefundamental principlescommontoall denominationsofNeterian
Religionmaybesummedupasfollows.
WhatisNeterianismandWhoarethcNctcrians?
"ShemsuNeter"
"Follower(of)Neter"
The term "Neterianism" is derived from the name "Shetaut Neter." Those whofollow the
spiritual pathofShetautNeterarethereforereferredtoas"Neterians."
Neterianism is the science ofNeter, that is, the study ofthe secret or mystery ofNeter, the
enigmaofthatwhichtranscends ordinary consciousness butfrom which all creationarises. The
world did not come from nothing, nor is it sustained bynothing. Rather it is amanifestationof
that which is beyond time and space but which at the same time permeates and maintains the
fundamental elements. In otherwords, itis the substratumofCreationandtheessentialnatureof
allthatexists.
SothosewhofollowtheNetermaybereferredto asNeterians.
24
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
NeterianGreatTruths
1. "Pa Neterua ua Neberdjerm Neteru"-"The Neter, the Supreme Being, is One
and alone and as Neberdjer, manifesting everywhere and in all things in the fonn of Gods and
Goddesses."
Neberdjermeans"all-encompassingdivinity,"the all-inclusive,all-embracingSpiritwhich
pervadesall andwho is the ultimateessenceofall. Thisfirst truthunifiesall theexpressionsof
Kamitanreligion.
2. "an-Maat sVI!}' SaulSets-Khemn" - "Lackofrighteousness brings fetters to
thepersonalityandthesefettersleadto ignoranceoftheDivine."
Whenahumanbeingactsinwaysthatcontradictthenaturalorderofnature,negative
qualitiesofthemindwill developwithinthatperson'spersonality.Thesearetheafflictionsof
Set. Setistheneteruof g o i ~ m andselfishness.TheafflictionsofSetinclude: anger,hatred,
greed, lust,jealousy,envy,gluttony,dishonesty,hypocrisy,etc. Sotobe fromthefetters of
setonemustbefree from theaff1ictionsofSet.
3. "s-Uashu s-Nafu n salu Set" -"Devotion to the Divine leads to freedom from
thefettersofSet."
To beliberated(Nafu- freedom- to breath)from theafflictionsofSet,onemustbe devotedto
the Divine.Beingdevotedto theDivinemeanslivingbyMaat. Maatis awayoflife thatis
purifyingto theheartandbeneficialfor societyas itpromotesvirtueandorder. LivingbyMaat
meanspracticingShedy(spiritualpracticesanddisciplines).
Uashu meansdevotionandtheclassicposeofadoringtheDivineiscalled"Dua,"standingor
sittingwithupraisedhandsfacingoutwardstowardstheimageofthedivinity.
4. "arI Shedy Rekh ab m Maakheru" - "The practice ofthe Shedy disciplines
leadstoknowingoneselfandtheDivine.ThisiscalledbeingTrueofSpeech."
DoingShedymeansto studyprofoundly, to penetratethemysteries(Shetaut)anddiscoverthenature
oftheDivine. Therehave been several practicesdesigned by thesages ofAncient Kamitto facilitate the
processofself-knowledge. Thesearethe religious (Shetaut)traditionsand theSerna (Smai)Tawi(yogic)
disciplines relatedto them thataugmentthespiritualpractices.
All the traditions relate the teachings of the sages by means of myths related to particular gods or
goddesses. It is understood that all ofthese neteru are related, like brothers and sisters, having all emanated
from thesamesource,thesameSupremelyDivineparent, whois neithermale norfemale, butencompassesthe
totalityofthetwo.
25
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
The Great Truths ofNeterianismare realized by means of
Four Spiritual Disciplines in ThreeSteps
Thefourdisciplesare:RekhShedy(Wisdom),Ari Shedy(RighteousAction andSelflessService),Uashu
(Ushet) Shcdy(Devotion)andUaaShedy(Meditation)
TheThreeStepsare: Listening,Ritual,andMeditation
L
I
S
T
E
N
R
I
T
U
A
L
M
E
D
I
T
A
T
E
SEDJMREKR SHEDY
Seel;m REKH Sheely- Listening tothe WISDOM oftheNeterianTraditions

ShetautAsar

ShetautAnu

ShetautMenefer

ShetautWaset

ShetautNetrit

ShetautAton
- TeachingsoftheAsarianTradition
- TeachingsoftheRaTradition
- TeachingsofthePtahTradition
- TeachingsoftheAmunTradition
- TeachingsoftheGoddessTradition
- TeachingsoftheAtonTradition
ARISHEDY
ArtMaatSheely- Righteous Actions - PurifiestheGROSSimpuritiesofthe
Heart

MaatShedy - TrueStudyoftheWays ofhidden natureofNeter

MaatAakhu - TrueDeedsthatleadtoglory

MaatAru - TrueRitual
UASHU (USRET) SHEDY
UshetShedv- Devotion to the Divine - PurifiestheEMOTIONALimpuritiesof
theHeart
Shmai
DivineMusic
SernaPaut - Meditationin motion
NeterAri!. - Divine Offerings- Selfless-Service- virtue-
UAASHEDY
Uaa m Neter Sheely -8),), l\': Meditation Experience the Transcendental
S-1!QIme Self.Thefive forms ofNeterianMeditationdiscipline include.
,
AratSekhem, - Meditationon theSubtleLifeForce
AriSmaMaat, - Meditationonthe,Righteous action
NukPu-Ushet, -MeditationontheIam
NukRaAkhu, - MeditationontheGloriousLight
Rekh- Khemn, -MeditationontheWisdomTeaching
26
andspace,
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF AND ENLIGHTENMENT
Summary of The Great Truths and the Shedy to their Realization
GODIS ANDINALL
THINGSMANIFESTING
THROUGHTHENETERU
J J
UNRIGHTEOUSNESS BRINGS
FETTERSANDTHESECAUSE
IGNORANCEOFTRUTH
(#1)
J J J
DEVOTION TO GODALLOWS
THEPERSONALITYTOFREE
ITSELFFROMTHEFETTERS
J J J J
THESHEDYDISCIPLlNES ARE
THEGREATEST FORtV1 OF
WORSHIPOFTHEDIVINE
[
1


GreatAwakening
Occurswhenall oftheGreatTruths
have beenrealizedby perfection of
theShedydisciplinestorealizetheir
truenatureandactuallyexperience
oneness withthetranscendental
SupremeBeing.


ListentotheWisdom Teachings
(Become Wise)
Learnthe mysteriesas taughtbyan
authenticteacherwhichallowsthis
profoundstatementtobe
understood.
I I
Acting(Living)byTruth
ApplythePhilosophyofright
actiontobecomevirtuousand
purifytheheart
J J I
DevotiontotheDivine
Worship,ritualanddivinelove
allowsthepersonalitypurifiedby
truthtoeradicatethesubtle
ignorancethatbindsitto mortal
existence.
r I I ,
Meditation
Allowsthe wholepersontogo
beyondtheworldoftimeand space
andthegrossandsubtleignorance
ofmortalhumanexistenceto
discoverthatwhichtranscendstime
27
RESURRECTING OSI S
The Spiritual Culture and the Purpose of Life: Shetaut Neter
"Men and women are to become God-like t rough a life of virtue
and the cultivation of the spirit through sc entific knowledge,
practice and bodily discipli e."
-An ient Egyptian Proverb
The highest forms of Joy, Peace and Contentment are obtained when the meaning of life is
discovered. When the human being is in harmony with life, then it is possible to ref1ect and
meditate upon the human condition and realize the limitations of worldly pursuits. When there is
peace and harmony in life, a human being can practice any qf the varied disciplines designated as
Shetaut Neter to promote {his/her} evolution towards the goal of life, which Spiritual
Enlightenment. Spiritual Enlightenment is the awakening or a human being to the awareness of
the Transcendental essence which binds the universe and wl1ich is eternal and immutable. In this
discovery is also the sobering and ecstatic realization that the human being is one with that
Transcendental essence. With this realization comes great jo ,peace and power to the
fullness of life and to realize the purpose of life during the ti e on earth. The lotus is a symbol of
Shetaut Neter, meaning the turning towards the light oftrut ,peace and transcendental harmony.
Shetaut Neter
We have established that the Ancient Egyptians were A ican peoples who lived in the north-
eastern quadrant of the continent of Africa. They were d scendants of the Nubians, who had
themselves originated from farther south into the heart of frica at the Great Lakes region, the
sources of the Nile River. They created a vast civilizatio and culture earlier than any other
society in known history and organized a nation that was ased on the concepts of balance and
order as well as spiritual enlightenment. These ancient African people called their land Kamit,
and soon after developing a well-ordered society, they began to realize that the world is full of
wonders, but also that life is fleeting, and that there must be isomething more to human existence.
They developed spiritual systems that were designed to allow human beings to understand the
nature of this secret being who is the essence of all Creation. They called this spiritual sy.stem
"Shtaut Ntr (Shetaut Neter)."
1\\1 @ .Jl
c:::;c.;:;:; 1) X 1J Q
Shet ut means secret.
i
Neter means Divinity.
28
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBIR H AND ENLIGHTENMENT
Who is Neter in Kamitan Religion?
The symbol of Neter was described by Ancient Kamitan priest as:
"That which is placed' the coffin"
MI\NV\ 9 I::.::::::>
The term Ntr I, or Ntjr 1 <:::>, from the Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic
language which did not record its vowels. However'lthe term survives in the Coptic language as
"Nutar. " The same Coptic meaning (divine force or sustaining power) applies inthe present as it
did in ancient times. It is a symbol composed of a wooden staff that was wrapped with strips of
fabric, like a mummy. The strips alternate in color with yellow, green and blue. The mummy in
Kamitan spirituality is understood to be the dead but resurrected Divinity. So the Nutar (Ntr) is
actually every human being who does not really die, but goes to live on in a different form.
Further, the resurrected spirit of every human being fS that same Divinity. Phonetically, the term
Nutar is related to other terms having the same such as the latin "Natura," the Spanish
. Naturalesa, the English "Nature" and "Nutriment"" etc. In a real sense, as we will see, Natur
means power manifesting as Neteru and the Neteru are the objects of creation, i.e. "nature."
l
Sacred Scriptures of Shetaut Neter t
The following scriptures represent the foundatio 1 scriptures of Kamitan culture. They may
be divided into three categories: Mythic Scriptures, r ystical Philosophy and Ritual Scriptures,
and Wisdom Scriptures (Didactic Literature).
I
,-MYTHIC SCRIPTURES
Wisdom Texts
I Literature
(Ritual)-r
I Philosophy Literature
I Literature
I
SIIETAUT ASAR-ASET-HERU I Coffin Texts
Wisdom Texts
The Myth of Asar,' Aset and Heru (Asarian
(c. 3,000 B.C.E.
\Resurrection Theology) - Predynastic (c. 2040 B.C.E.-1786 B.C.)
PTOLEMAIC PERIOD)
Precepts ofPtahotep
SHETAlJT ATUM-RA Papyrus Texts
Instructions of Any
Anunian Theology
Instructions of Amenemope
Predynastic (c. 1580 B.C.E.-Roman
Etc.
I Period)2
Shetaut NetlAsetlHetheru Bookf of Coming Forth By
Maat Declarations Literature
Saitian Theology - Goddess Spirituality
Predynastic' 0
i
I
Day
(All Periods)
Exal'Ple of famous papyri:
SHETAUT PTAH
Memphite Theology
Papyrus of Any
Predynastic
Papyrus of Hunefer
*apyrus of Kenna
Shetaut Amun
Greenfield Papyrus. Etc.
Theban
Predynastic
2
After 1570 B.CE they would evolve into a more unified text, the Egyptian Book of the Dead:
29
RESURRECTING OS RIS
'Neter and the Neteru
,

The Neteru (Gods and Goddesses) proceed fro the Neter (Supreme Being)
As stated earlier, the concept ofNeter and Neteru bin s and ties all ofthe varied forms of
Kamitan spirituality into one vision ofthe gods and go desses all emerging from the same
Supreme Being. Therefore, ultimately, Kan1itan spiritlality is not polytheistic, nor is it
monotheistic,for itholdsthatthe SupremeBeingis moret anaGodor Goddess. The Supreme
Beingisanall-encompassingAbsoluteDivinity.
TheNeteru

i
111e term "Neteru" means ;'gods and goddesses." Th1 means that from the ultimate and
I
transcendental Supreme Being, "Neter," come the Neteru'l!here are countless Neteru. So from
the one comethe many. TheseNeteru are cosmic forces thftpervadetheuniverse. Theyarethe
means by which Neter sustains Creation and through it. So Neterianism is a
monotheisticpolytheism. The oneSupremeBeingexpressesasmanygods and goddesses. Atthe .
end oftime, after their work ofsustaining Creation is finished, these gods and goddesses are
againabsorbedbackinto theSupremeBeing.
All ofthe spiritual systems of Ancient. Egypt (Kamip one essential is
common to all; they all hold that there IS a Supreme Bemg (Neter) who mamfests m a
I
multiplicity ofways through nature, the Neteru. Like smp.rays, the Neteru emanate from the
Divine; they are its manifestations. So by studying the Nbteru we learn about and are led to
discovertheirsource,theNeter,andwiththisdiscoverywelare enlightened. TheNetemmaybe
depicted anthropomorphically or zoomorphically in accordance with the teaching about Neter
thatisbeingconveyedthroughthem.
30
THESECRETMYSTERIESOF ~ ~ u o ~ ~ ....THAND ENLIGHTENMENT
TheNeteruandTheirTemples
Diagram1: TheAncientEgyptianTempleNetwork
The sages ofKamit instituted a systemby the teachings ofspiritualitywere espoused
through a Temple organization. The major divini were assigned to a particular city. That
divinity or group ofdivinities became the "patron" divinity or divinities ofthat city. Also, the
Priests and Priestesses ofthat Temple were in ofseeingto the welfare ofthe people in
that district as well as maintaining the traditions disciplines ofthe traditions based on the
particular divinity being worshipped. So the ori concept of "Neter" became elaborated
through the "theologies" of the various tradi . A dynamic expression of the teachings
emerged,whichthoughmaintainingtheintegrityof teachings,expressednuances ofvariation
inperspectiveontheteachingsto suittheneeds of . kinds ofpersonalitiesofthepeopleof
differentlocales.
In t ~ diagram above, the primary or main divi,ities are denoted by the Neter symbol (1).
The house structurerepresents theTemplefor that articulardivinity. The interconnections with
the other Temples are based on original scriptura statements espoused by the Temples that
linked the divinities oftheir Temple with the other divinities. So this means that the divinities
shouldbe viewednot as separateentitiesoperatingi dependently, butratheras family members
who are in the same "business" together, i.e. th enlightenment of society, albeit through
variations in form ofworship, name, form (expresson ofthe Divinity), etc. Ultimately, all the
divinities are referredto as Neteru and they are all aid to be emanations from the ultimate arid
Supreme Being. Thus, the teaching from any ofthe Temples leads to an understanding ofthe
others, and these all lead backto the source, the highestDivinity. Thus, the teaching withinany
of the Temple systems would lead to the attaim11ent of spiritual enlightenment, the Great
A wakening.
31
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
I
I
The Neteru and Their Interrelationships !
Diagram:ThePrimaryKamitanNeteruandtheirInterrelationships
I
,11
The Company of Gods and GoddeSses of Ancient Egypt
,ON-K.1"ffl1l

PtalJ&klJ.m
1'rfekrl_

Kh"'I>ri-j\",,:r""fl
i1, f'kth<:rII
T'dn,,,
32
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBI TH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
The same Supreme Being, Neter, is the winged an_et compassing transcendental Divinity, the Spirit
bo in the early history, is called "Heru." The phys cal universe in which the Heru lives is called
;'ge;bcru" or tbe "bouse of Heru." Tbis divinity (Heru is also the Nun or primeval substratum from
bicb aU matter is composed. The various divinities an the material universe are composed from this
Wrhllcval substratum. Neter is actually androgynous an: Heru, the Spirit, is related as a male aspect of
fbat androgyny. However, Heru in the androgynous asJi>ect, gives rise to the solar principle and this is
seen in both the male and female divinities. .
The image above provides an idea of the relationships Ibetween the divinities of the three main Neterian
spiritual systems (traditions): Anunian Theology, Wasetian (Theban) Theology and Het-Ka-Ptah (Memphite)
l
Theology. The traditions are composed of companies ot groups of gods and goddesses. Their actions,
teachings and interactions with each other and with human beings provide insight into their nature as well as
inat of human existence and Creation itself. The lines direct scriptural relationships and the labels also
indicate that some divinities from one system are the same in others, with only a name change. Again, this is
attested to by the scriptures themselves in direct statements
i
like those found in the Prt m Hru text Chapter 4
(17).3
Listening to the Teachings

<:::> c
"Mestchert"
"Listening, to fill the ears, listen attentively-"
What should the ears pe filled with?
The sages of Shetaut Neter enjoined that a Shemsu Neter (follower of Neter, an initiate or
aspirant) should listen to the WISDOM of the Neterian Traditions. These are the myth related to
the gods and goddesses containing the basic understanding of who they are, what they represent,
how they relate human beings and to the Supreme Being. The myths allow us to be connected to
the Divine.
An aspirant may choose anyone of the 5 main Neterian Traditions.

Shetaut Anu
- Teachings of the Ra Tradition

Shetaut Menefer - Teachings ofthe PtahTradition

Shetaut Waset - Teachings of the Amun Tradition

Shetaut Netrit Teachings of the Goddess Tradition

Shetaut Asar Teachings of the Asarian Tradition

Shetaut Aton Teachings of the Aton Tradition
See the.book The Egyptian Book a/the Dead by Muata Ashby
33
RESURRECTINJOSIRIS
\
I
The Anunian Tddition
\\ I D @ X .n : l ,5
: . C 11 I ill ShetautAnu
I .
TheMysteryTeachingsoftheAnunianTradition are
BeloJ.r: The
related to the Divinity Ra and his company ofGods
ThecityofAnu (Amun-Ra)
Heliopolitan
and Goddesses.
4
ThisTempleand its related Temples
Cosmbgony.
espousetheteachings ofCreation, human origins and
the path to spiritual enlighterunent by means ofthe
TheNetersofCreation-
Supreme Beingin the form ofthe god Ra. It tells of
TheCompanyoftheGodsand Goddesses.
how Ra emerged from a primeval ocean and how
human beings were created from his tears. The gods
\ NeterNeteru
and goddesses, who are his children, go to form the
Ne ertcher- Amun(unseen,hidden,everpresent,
elements of nature and the cosmic forces that
S premeBeing,beyonddualityanddescription)
maintainnature.
Amen (RaAmeflit(Rat)
--'
Halllor
Shu Tefnut
Djelzuli
I
MAAT I
Geb Nut
'.......Anubis-
Nephthys
i
Top:Ra.Fromlefttoright,startingatthe bottomlevel- TheGods!and GoddessesofAnunianTheology:
Shu, Tefi:lUt, Nut,Geb,Aset, Asar, Set,Nebvhet and Heru-Ur
I
4SeetheBookAiluilianTheology by MuataAshby
34
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREB
TheMemphite
The Mystery Teachings
smogony.
ofthe Menefer(Memphite)
Tradition are related to the Neterus known as Ptah,
Sekhmit, Nefeliem. The myths and philosophy of
these divinities constitutes Memphite Theology.'
This temple and its related temples espoused the
teachings ofCreation, human origins andthe path
to spiritual enlightenment by means of the
t,
SupremeBeingin theform of thegodPtahandhis
family, who compose the Memphite Trinity. It
tells ofhowPtah emerged from a primeval ocean
and how he created the universe by his will and
the power of thought (mind). The gods and
goddesses who are his thoughts, go to form the
elements of nature and the cosmic forces that
maintain nature. His spouse, Sekhmit has a
powerful temple system ofher own that is related
to theMemphiteteaching. Thesame is trueforhis
sonNefetiem.
RTHAND ENLIGHTENMENT
Tradition
ShetautMenefer
Thecityof Hetkaptah(Ptab)
NeterNeteru
ertcher- Amun(unseen,hidden, everpresent,
upremeBeing,beyonddualityanddescription)


Nun Nunet
(primevalwaters
unformedmatter) fOrmed matter)
Auh nLhet
(boundlessness) (bound)
JUk KJket
(darkness) (light)
Alm AJmet
(hidden) (manifest)
Ptah, SekhmitandNefertem
5See the Book MempiliteTheology by Muata Ashby
RESURRECTING OS RIS
The Theban Traditi n
Cl'Cl 0 @ X I Ije
=;::;:;=0 a 1J: A_ Sh taut Arnun
The Mystery Teachings of the Wasetian Tradition are related to he Neterus known as Amun, Mut Khonsu.
This temple and its related temples espoused theteachings of Crea ion, human origins and the path to spi ritual
enlightenment by means of the Supreme Being in the form of t e god Amun or Amun-Ra. It tells of how
Amun and his family, the Trinity of Amun, Mut and Khonsu, mange the Universe along with his Company of
Gods and Goddesses. This Temple became very important in the e1r1y part of the New Kingdom Era.
I
Below: The Trinity of Amun and the Company of Gods and Goddes$es of Amun
1:1 14 15
See the Book Egyptian Yoga Vol. 2 for more on Amun, Mut and Khonsu by Muata Ashby
36
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBI THANDENLIGHTENMENT
TheGoddessT adition
Shetaut Ne 't
"A rat"
The hieroglyphic sign Arat means "Goddess," General, ancient Kamit, the Mystery Teachings of
the Goddess Tradition are related to the Divinity in the form of the Goddess. The Goddess was an integral part
of all the Neterian traditions but special temples also de teloped around the worship of certain particular
Goddesses who were also regarded as Supreme Beings in tneir own right. Thus as in other African religions,
the goddess as well as the female gender were respected anq elevated as the male divinities. The Goddess was
also the author of Creation, giving birth to it as a great Cow. !The following are the most important forms of the
goddess.
6
Aset, Net, Sekhmit, ut, Hetheru
Mehurt("TheMighty FullOne")
6 See the Books. The Goddess Path. A1ysteries ofIsis. Glorious Light Meditation. Memphite Theology and Resurrecting Osiris by Muata
Ashby
37
RESURRECTING
The Asarian Trad
'\\1 ~ ~ I
.u X I
1 C I
SIRIS
tion
This temple and its related temples espoused the teaching of Creation, human origins .and the path to
spiritual enlightenment by means of the Supreme Being in the form of the god Asar. It tells of bow Asar and
his family, the Trinity of Asar, Aset and Heru, manage the niverse and lead human beings to spiritual
enlightenment and the resurrection of the soul. This Temple and its teaching were very important from the Pre-
Dynastic era down to the Christian period. The Mystery Teachi gs of the Asarian Tradition are related to the
Neterus known as: Asar, Aset, Heru (Osiris, Isis and Horus)
The tradition of Asar, Aset and Hem was practiced generally thro ghout the land of ancient Kamit. The centers
of this tradition were the city of Abdu containing the Great Te pIe of Asar, the city of Pilak containing the
Great Temple of Aset
1
and Edfu containing the Ggreat Temple of Heru.
7 See the Book Resurrecting Osiris by Muata Ashby
THESECRETMYSTERIESOF'<''-L.IAJ'JI..II"TH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
nO
'iINNJA
. 0. ShetautAton
This temple and its related temples espoused the ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ~ ' ' ' ' F o . ' ' ofCreation, human origins and the path to
spiritual enlightenmentby means ofthe Supreme Being in form ofthegod Aton. It tells ofhow Aton with
its dynamic life force created and sustains Creation. By Aton as the very substratum of all
existence, humanbeings engage in devotional exercises rituals and thestudyoftheHymnscontainingthe
wisdom teachings ofAton explaining that Aton manages Universe and leads human beings to spiritual
enlightenment and eternal life for the soul. This Temple its teaching were very important in the middle
NewKingdom Period.TheMysteryTeachingsoftheAton are relatedtotheNeterAtonand itsmain
theAton.
exponentwas the SageKingAkhnaton, who is depicted withhis family adoringthe sundisk,symbol of
Akhnaton,Nefertitia dDaughters
FormoreonAtonismandtheAtonTheologysee the EssenceofAtonismLectureSeriesby
SebaiMuataAshby2001
39
RESURRECTING 0 IRIS
The General Principles ofShe tautNeter
(TeachingsPresentedintheKa itanscriptures)
1.
ThePurposeofLife istoAttaintheGreatAwakening- nlightenment-Knowthyself.
2. SHETAUTNETERenjoinstheShedy.(spiritual investiga,ion)as thehighestendeavoroflife.
3. SHETAUT NETER enjoins that it is the responsibility if every human being to promote order and
truth.
4. SHETAUTNETERenjoinstheperformanceofSelfless ~ r v i c e tofamily, communityand humanity.
5. SHETAUTNETERenjoinsthe Protectionofnature.
6. SHETAUTNETERenjoinsthe Protectionoftheweakan1 oppressed.
7. SHETAUTNETERenjoinstheCaringfor hungry.
8. SHETAUTNETER enjoinstheCaringfor homeless.
9. SHETAUTNETER enjoinstheequalityforall people.
10. SHETAUTNETERenjoinstheequalitybetweenmenand
11. SHETAUTNETERenjoinsthejusticefor all.
12. SHETAUTNETER enjoinsthesharingofresources.
13. SHETAUTNETER enjoinstheprotectionandproperraisi
14. SHETAUTNETER enjoinsthemovementtowardsbalanc
omen.
andpeace.
40
I
I
.,,:
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBI TH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
The Forces of Entropy
In Neterian religion, there is no concept of "evil" as is conceptualized in Western Culture. Rather, it is
understood that the forces of entropy are constantly working in nature to bring that which has been constructed
by human hands to their original natural state. The serpent pep (Apophis), who daily tries to stop Ra's boat
of creation, is the symbol of entropy. This concept of ent opy has been referred to as "chaos" by Western
Egyptologists.
Apep
Above: Set protecting the boat of Ra from the forces of entr py (symbolized by the serpent Apep).
As expressed previously, in Neterian religion there is also no concept of a "devil" or "demon" as is
conceived in the Judeo-Christian or Islamic traditions. ather, it is understood that manifestations of
detrimental situations and adversities arise as a result of unri hteous actions. These unrighteous actions are due
to the "Setian" qualities in a human being. Set is the Neter of egoism and the negative qualities which arise
from egoism. Egoism is the idea of individuality based on i entification with the body and mind only as being
who one is. One has no deeper awareness of their deeper sp'ritual essence, and thus no understanding of their
connectedness to all other objects (includes persons) in creat on and the Divine Self. When the ego is under the
control of the higher nature, it fights the forces of entropy ( s above). However, when beset with ignorance, it
leads to the degraded states of human existence. The vic s (egoism, selfishness, extraverted ness, wonton
sexuality (lust), jealousy, envy, greed, gluttony) are a result.
Set
Set and the Set animal
41
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
TbeGreatAwakeningofNieterianReligion
Nehastmeansto "wakeup,"to Awakento thehigherexistence. In
thePrtmHruTextitis said:
"Iamtbat sameGod,theSupremeOpe,whohas myriadofmysteriousnames."
The goalofall theNeterian disciplines is to discover the meaningof
"Whoam I?," to unravelthemysteries oflife andto fathom the depths
ofeternityand infinity. This is the taskofaU human beings and itis to
beaccomplishedin thisverylifetime.
This canbedone bylearningtheways oftheNeteru,emulatingthem
and finally becoming like them, Akhus, (enlightened beings), walking
the earth as giants and accomplishing greatdeeds such as the creation
oftheuniverse!
Zfbjat
TheEye ofHeruis aquintessential symbolofawakeningto
DivineConsciousness,representingtheconceptofNehast.
8 (PrtMHru9:4)
42
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBI TH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
What is Yoga Philosophy and Spiritual Practice
Since a completetreatise onthe theory andpracice ofyoga would require several volumes,
onlyabasicoutlinewillbe givenhere.
When welookoutupon the world, we are often.baffled bythe multiplicitywhich constitutes
the human experience. do we really know about this experience? Many scientific
disciplines have developed over the last two hundred years for the purpose ofdiscovering the
mysteries ofnature, but this search has only engel'ldered new questions about the nature of
existence. Yoga is a discipline or way oflife de igned to promote the physical, mental and
spiritual development ofthe humanbeing. It leads personto discoverthe answers to the most
importantquestionsoflifesuchas WhoamI?, WhyamIhere?andWhereamIgoing?
Theliteral meaningofthe word YOGAisto flY; KE" orto "LINK" back. Theimplicationis:
to link back to the original source, the original es ence, that which transcends all mental and
intellectual attempts at comprehension, but whic is the essential nature of everything in
CREATION. While inthe strict ordogmatic sense Yoga philosophy and practice is a separate
discipline from religion, yoga and religion have be n linked at many points throughout history.
In a manner ofspeaking, Yoga as a discipline m y be seen as a non-sectarian transpersonal
science or practice to promote spiritual developme t and harmony ofmind and body thorough
mental andphysical disciplines includingmeditatioI, psycho-physical exercises, and performing
actionwiththecorrectattitude.
The disciplines ofYoga fall under five major cat gories. These are: Yoga of Wisdom, Yoga of
Devotional Love, Yoga of Meditation, Tan/ric Yog and Yoga of Selfless Action. Within these
categoriesthere are subsidiary forms which are part fthe main disciplines. The importantpointto
rememberisthatallaspectsofyogacanandshouldbeusedinanintegralfashionto effectanefficient
and harmonized spiritual in the practitio r. Therefore, while there may be an area of
special emphasis, other elements are bound to beco e part ofthe yoga program as needed. For
example,whileayoginmayplaceemphasisontheyo aof wisdom,theymayalsopracticedevotional
yogaandmeditationyogaalongwiththewisdomstudi s.
Whileitistruethatyogicpracticesmaybefoun inreligion, strictlyspeaking,yogais neither
a religion or a philosophy. It should be thought f more as a way of life or discipline for
promotinggreaterfullness and experience oflife. Y gawasdeveloped atthe dawnofhistoryby
those who wanted more out oflife. These special en and women wanted to discoverthe true
origins ofcreation and ofthemselves. Therefore, they set out to explore the vast reaches of
consciousness within themselves. They are some imes referred to as "Seers", "Sages", etc.
Awareness or consciousness can only be increase, when the mind is in a state ofpeace and
harmony. Thus, the disciplines of meditation (which are part of Yoga), and wisdom (the
.philosophicalteachingsfor understandingrealityas is) aretheprimarymeansto controllingthe
mindandallowingthe individual to mahlre andspiritually.
The teachings which were practiced in the Ancie t Egyptian temples were the same ones later
intellectually defined into a literary fonn by thc I ,ian Sages ofVedanta and Yoga. This was
discussed in my book Egyptiah Yoga: The Philosophy of Enlightenment. The Indian Mysteries of
YogaandVedantarepresent'anunfoldingandintellectualexpositionofthe EgyptianMysteries. Also,
the study ofGnostic Christianity or Christianity before Roman Catholicism will be useful to our
study since Christianity originated in Ancient Egypt and was also based on the Ancient Egyptian
43
RESURRECTING1SIRIS
Mysteries. Therefore, the study ofthe Egyptian Mysteri s, early Christianity and Indian Vedanta-
Yogawillprovidethemostcomprehensiveteachingonho topracticethedisciplinesof yogaleading
totheattainmentofEnlightenment.
The questionishowto accomplishthese seeminglyim ossible tasks? Howto transform yourself
and realizethe deepestmysteries ofexistence? Howto di cover "who am I?" This isthe mission of
Yoga Philosophy and the purpose ofyogic practices. Y.ga does notseek to convert or impose
religious beliefs on anyone. Ancient Egypt was the Source ofcivilization and the source of
religion and Yoga. Therefore, all systems ofmystical spirituality can coexist harmoniously
withintheseteachingswhentheyarecorrectlyunderstood.
The goal ofyoga is to promote integration ofthe mind-body-spirit complex inorder to produce
optimalhealthof thehumanbeing.Thisisaccomplishedthroughmentalandphysicalexerciseswhich
promotethefree lowofspiritual energy by reducing mental complexes causedby ignorance. There
aretworoadswhichhumanbeingscanfollow, oneofwisd?mandtheotherofignorance.Thepathof
the massesisgenerallythepathofignorancewhich leadstpemintonegative situations, thoughtsand
deeds. These inturn leadto ill health and sorrowinlife. ' e otherroad is based onwisdom and it
leadstohealth,truehappinessandenlightenment.
Our mission is to extol the wisdom of yoga and mystical spirituality from the Ancient
Egyptian perspective and to show the practice ofthe t achings through our books, videos and
audio productions. You may find a complete listing ofqtherbooksby the author in the back of
thisvolume. '
44
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBI TH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
How to study the wisdom teachings:
There is a specific technique which is prescribed y the scriptures themselves for studying the
teachings, proverbs and aphorisms of mystical wisdo . The method is as follows:
The spiritual aspirant should read the desired te t thoroughly, taking note of any particular
teachings which resonates with him or her. The asp' t should make a habit of collecting those
teachings and reading them over frequently. The sc iptures should be read and re-read because
the subtle levels of the teachings will be increasingly understood the more the teachings are
reviewed. One useful exercise is to choose some of the most special teachings you would like to
focus on and place them in large type or as poster in your living areas so as to be visible to
remind you of the teaching.
The aspirant should discuss those teachings with others of like mind when possible because
this will help to promote greater understanding and a t as an active spiritual practice in which the
teachings are kept at the forefront of the mind. In thi way, the teachings can become an integral
part ofeveryday life and not reserved for a particular time of day or of the week.
The study of the wisdom teachings should be a .continuous process in which the teachings
become the predominant factor of life rather than the useless and oftentimes negative and
illusory thoughts of those who are ignorant of spiritual truths. This spiritual discipline should be
observed until Enlightenment is attained.
May you discover supreme peace in this very lifetim !
(HETEP - Supre
45
i
.p
i
RESURRECTING 'OSIRIS
ltttrob\4ctiott To cf\sariatt
of
S al4t OZlsaT -H
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REB1TH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
I
The Ancient Origins of he Osirian Myth
The Osirian Mystery is most important myt of Ancient Egypt. It influenced all other
centers of spirituality in Ancient Egypt and continues to have far reaching implications for modern
civilization as to the origin and deeper meaning of p esent day religious beliefs. From pre-dynastic
times (before-5,500 B.GE.) up to 500 AGE., well after dawn of Christianity, the story of
Osiris, Isis and the struggle of Heru was well known. t was the most popular among myths all over
the ancient world, including Asia Minor, Africa, Gree e and later throughout the Roman Empire.
The story of Osiris is so meaningful because the; principle ideas about human existence and
destiny are embodied in this timeless story. These were carried on in other religious systems
of ancient times and their influences can be detected in present day religions as well. The myth
took many forms in other religions and mystery systems which had contact with the Ancient
Egyptian system. most notable similarities are within the Christian and Hindu religions. In
order to better understand the purpose and function of religion, we will need to define "religion"
and its levels of
Religion
fl
The term religion comes from the Latin "Releg re which uses the word roots fiRE", which
means "BACK", and "LIGON", which means "to /wid, t link, to bind." Therefore, the essence of true
religion is that of linking back, specifically, linking followers back to their original source and
innermost essence. In this sense the terms "religiof' and "yoga" are synonymous. This source
which is the underlying reality behind every object itl Creation is described as unborn, undying,
eternal and immortal, and is known by an endldss number of names, some of which are:
Consciousness, Self, Higher Self, God, Goddess, Supreme Being, Divine Self, Eternal Self, Soul,
Pure Consciousness, Brahman, All, Allah, Jehovah, Neter Neteru, Creator, Absolute, Heavenly
Father, Divine Mother, Great Spirit. These various ames, while arising from various traditions
and separate cultures, in reality represent the same di ine and transcendental principle.
Although religion in its purest form is a Yoga sy tern, the original intent and meaning of the
scriptures are often misunderstood, if not distorted. his occurs because the various religions have
developed in different geographic areas, and therefor , die tower Levels (historical accounts, stories
and traditions) have developed independently, and ometimes without proper guidance. Under
these conditions, the inner meanings of the myths and symbols become lost and the exoteric
meanings are emphasized. This leads to deism and a phenomenal (an occurrence or fact which is
perceptible by the senses) approach to religion rather than a mystical, symbolic and transcendental
understanding.
Most religions tend to be deistic at the elementary levels. Deism, as a religious belief or form of
theism (belief in the existence of a God or gods), hoI that God's action was restricted to an initial
act of creation, after which He retired (separated) to contemplate the majesty of His work. Deists
hold that the natural creation is regulated by laws lit in place-by God at the time of creation
which are lnscribed with perfect moral principles. deism is closely related to the exoteric
or understanding of the Divinity. . .
Myth -7 Ritual --1 Mysticism
47
I
RESURRECTING0iIRIS
In its complete form, religion is composed ofthree asJects, mythology, ritual and metaphysical or
the mystical experience (mysticism - mystical philosophy),i While many religions contain rituals,
traditions, metaphorsandmyths, thereare few professionflStrainedinunderstandingtheirdeeper
aspects and psychological impl.i.cations (metaphysics and1 ystical). Thus,there is disappointmentc
frustration and disillusionment among many followers a well as leaders within many religions,
particularly in the Western Hemisphere, because it is difficult to evolve spiritually without the
proper spiritual guidance. ; sectionan . 'tualresearch, it is possible to discover
mythologicalvistaswithinreligionwhichcan rekindlethe ightofspiritualityandatthesametime
increase the possibilityofgaining a fuller experience oflie. The exoteric (outer, ritualistic) forms
ofreligionwithwhichmostpeoplearefamiliar is onlythetipofanicebergso tospeak;itis onlya
beginning, an invitation orprompting to seek a deeper ( soteric) discovery ofthetranscendental
truthsofexistence.
ReligionandYoga
Yoga is the practice ofmental, physical andspiritual d sciplines which lead to self-control and
self-discoverybypurifying themind, bodyandspirit, so as todiscover the deeperspiritualessence
which lies within every human being and object in the universe. In essence, the goal ofyoga
practice is to unite oryoke one'sindividualconsciousness ith universal orcosmic consciousness.
Therefore,AncientEgyptianreligious practice, especiallyi termsoftherituals andotherpractices
ofthe Ancient Egyptian temple system known as S ta t (the way ofthe hidden Supreme
Being), maybetermed as ayoga system: Egyptian Yoga. In his sense, religion, in its purest form, is
ayogasystem, as itseekstoreunitepeoplewiththeirtrueandoriginalsource.
i
, Thedisciplines of Yoga fall underfive majorcategOries.. l1teseare: Yoga of Wisdom, Yoga.o
f
Devotional
Love, Yoga of Meditation, Tantric Yoga and Yoga of Selfless ction. Within these categories there are
subsidiary forms which are partofthe main disciplines. Th emphasis inthe Osirian Myth is onthe
Yoga ofWisdom, Yoga of Devotional Love and Yoga of elfless Action. The important point to
rememberis thatall aspects ofyoga canandshouldbe used inanintegralfashion toeffect anefficient
andharmonizedspiritualmovementind1e practitioner. whiletheremaybeanareaofspecial
emphasis,othe.r e.lementsareboundtobecomepartoftheyoraprogramas needed. Forexample,while
a yogin may place emphasis on the Yoga ofWisdom, they may also practice Devotional Yoga and
MeditationYogaalongwiththewisdomstudies. ..
So the practice ofany c,1iscipline that leads to oneness wihSupreme Consciousness can be called
yoga. Ifyou study, rationalize andreflect upontheteachings, you are practicingYoga of Wisdom. Ifyou
meditateupontheteachings andyourHigherSelf,you are p ctieingYoga of Meditation. Ifyou practice
ritualswhichidentifyyouwithyourspiritualnature,you arep acticiogYoga of Ritual Identification (which
is partofthe Yoga ofWisdom and the Yoga ofDevotional ove ofthe Divine). Ifyou develop your
physical nature and psychic energy centers, you are practicin Serpent Power (Kundahni or Uraeus) Yoga
(which is partofTantricYoga). If you practicelivingaccordin tothe teachings ofethicalbehavior
seltlessness, you are practicing Yoga of Action (Maat) in daily Ifyou practice turningyour attention
towards the Divine by developing love for the Divine, thenit is called Devotional Yoga orYoga of Divine
Love. Thepractitioner ofyoga is called ayogin (male practiti ner) oryogini (female practitioner), and
onewhohas attainedtheculminationofyoga (unionwiththe Divine) is calledayogi. Inthis manner, .
yoga hasbeendeveloped intomanydisciplineswhichmaybeused inanintegralfashion toachieve the
same goal: Enlightenment. Therefore, the aspirant should learn about all ofthe paths ofyoga and
choosethose elementswhichbestsuithis/herpersonality orpractice them all in an integral, balanced
way.
48
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBI TH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
Enlightenment is the term used to describe ighest level spiritual awakening. It means
attaining such a level of spiritual awareness that one disc vers the underlying unity of the entire universe
as well as the fa. ct the source of all creation is the sarre source from which the innermost Self within
every human hemt anses. I
As one can ascend to the top of a house by meant ofa ladder or a tree or a staircase or a
rope, so diverse are the ways and means to God, and every religion in the world
shows one ofthese ways.
Ramakrishna (1836-1886)
All forms of spiritual practice are directed toward the goal of assisting every individual to discover the
true essence of the universe both externally, in physic 1 creation, and internally, within the human
heart, as the very root of human consciousness. Thus, m ny terms are used to describe the attainment of
the goal of spiritual knowledge' and the eradication of spiritual ignorance. Some of these terms are:
Enlightenment, Resurrection, Salvation, The Kingdom ofHe en, Moksha or Liberation, Buddha Consciousness,
One With The Tao, Self-realization, to Kn()W Thyself, etc.
Myth and Ritual
First, we must begin by gaining a deeper under, tanding of what mythology is and then to
understand its purpose. With this understanding, we ay then undertake the study of the Osirian
myth or any other mystical story and be able to under tand the psycho-spiritual implications which
are being imparted through it.
The American Heritage Dictionary defines Myth as fol ows:
1. A traditional story presenting supernatural eings, ancestors, or heroes that serve
as primordial types in a primitive view of the Wlorld.
2. A fictitious or imaginary story, person, or
3. A false belief.
The American Heritage Dictionary defines Mythology a' follows:
1. A body of myths about the origin and histor' of a people.
2. The study of myths. '
The Random House Encyclopedia defines Mythology a follows:
Mythology, H body of myths or traditional stoties dealing with gods and legendary
heroes. The mythology of a people serves Ito present their world view, their
explanations of natural phenomena, their and other beliefs. Mythological
literature includes the Greek Iliad and Odyssey, the Scandinavian Edda, the Indian
Ramayana, and the Babylonian GHgamesh, amo others. Various interpretations of
mythology have been made by anthropologists such as Sir James Frazer and Claude
Levi-Strauss. In literature. myth has been used as the basis for poetry, stories, plays,
and other writings.
49
RESURRECTING OSI S
Inrelation to mythology, theterm epic is also used. TheAme icanHeritage Dictionarydefines an
EPic as:
1. A longnarrativepoemthatcelebratesepisodesofap opie's heroictradition.
TheEncarta/Funk& Wagnall'sEncyclopediadefinesanEpic s:
A long narrative poem, majesticbothintheme andstyle. Epics deal withlegendary
or historical events ofnational oruniversal significande, involving action ofbroad
sweep and grandeur. Most epics deal with the of a single individual,
thereby giving unity to the composition. Typicalty, an epic involves the
introduction ofsupernatural forces that shape the ac . on, conflict in the form of
battlesorotherphysical combat, andcertainstylisticc nventions: an invocation to
the Muse, a formalstatementofthe theme, longlists f the protagonists involved,
and set speeches couched in elevated language. Com onplace details ofeveryday
life mayappear,buttheyserve as backgroundfor thest ry, and aredescribedinthe
sameloftystyle as therestofthepoem.
These definitions have been inCluded here to give you a r ference as to what society at large,
especially in the West, has accepted as the definition and purpose mythological and epic
literature.Nowwe will explorethe initiatic-yogic-mystical meal ingofMythoLogy. Firsthowever, one
more definition is required. We need to understandwhat is a Metaphor. TheAmericanHeritage
Dictionarydefines Metaphor as follows:
A figure ofspeech in which a term that ordinarily an object or idea is
. to designate a dissimilar object or idea in orde! to suggest comparison or
analogy, as inthephraseeveningoflife.
Mystical mythology is much like a metaphor in that its st ries and characters are designed to
provide a reference toward something other than the story tself. This means that there is an
exoteric meaningwhichrefers to the events andcircumstances inthe story, whichmayormay not
have abasis in fact, andalso anesoteric ormystical meaning hich to a deeper teaching or
message which transcendstheboundariesoftheevents inthes ory. Throughthemyth many ide8s
which are noteasily explained in rational, logical terms can b freely explored and elucidated in
imaginative and colorful ways. Mystical myths are particularly!important because their purpose is
topointtowhere the answers to themost important ofevery individual-maybe found.
Everyone is searching for answers to questions like, "Who an} I really?", "Is this all that I am?",
"Where do I come from?" and "What is my purpose in life?'t:'Through myths, the teachings of
Sages and Saints cantake full flight, free ofthe constraints ofnormal literarywriting. Therefore,
mythsare anidealways toimpartspiritualtruthswhichtransce d ordinaryhumanexperiences.
The essence ofCreation and therefore, ofeach individual humanbeing, is transcendental; it
transcends the ordinary bounds oJ mental perception and understanding. However, all human
experiencesoccurinandthroughthe mind.Therefore, theheartofall humanexperiences, bethey
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBI TH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
painor pleasure, is rooted in the mind, the psyche. e purpose ofmythology is tobridge the gap
between the limited human mind and that whicl transcends all. Thus, mythology must be
understood in the light ofits psychological and mystcal implications. So herewe will introducea
newterm: "Psycho-MythoLogy".
Thestudyofmythicalstories is importantinorde togaininsightinto the "PsychoMy tho logy "or
psychological implications of mythology for the psy ho-spiritual transformation ofthe individual
which leads to the attainment of Enlightenment. implies the attainment of an
expanded state ofconsciousness, termed as dilation (expansion) of the heart inAncient Egyptian
Yoga Philosophy, inwhichthere is afull andperfectawareness ofone'sexistencebeyondthemind
andbody. So th<= term psycho, as it is used here, mustbe understood as far more thansimply that
whichrefers to the mind. "Psycho" mustbe understoodto meaneverythingthatconstituteshuman
consciousness inall ofits stages andstates. Therefore, psycho implies theconscious,subconscious
andunconsciousworkings ofthe mind. "'Mlthology" refers to the codes, messages, ideas, directives,
beliefs, etc., thataffectthepsyche throughtheconscious, subconsciousandunconsciousa ectsof
the mind0 anindivi ua,specificall tho resultinps cho-spiritualtransformation,
atranspersonal or transcendentalchan e sonali ofanindividualw
the discoveryofthetranscendentalrealityofexistenc .
A myth should never be understood literally. is would be like going to a theater to see a
fictional movie readinga fantasy novel, andbelievng itto bereal. Yet, as a movie ornovel may
be based on real events and carry an important m ssage which is being imparted through the
medium ofactors, a plot andso on, mystical myths re not to be understood as beingcompletely
baseless noras havingbeenputtogether purelyfor e tertainment. Myths are symbolswhichspeak
to people in a psycho-symbolic way. This psycholo language of myths can lead people to
understandandexperiencethetranscendentaltruths hichcannotbeeasilyexpressedinwords.
The Asarian Resurrection rnyth holds deep im lications for psycho-mythological study and
must be approached with reverence and patience b an aspirant. The actual story ofOsiris is a
simplecollectionoffacts withwhichseveralrituals h ve beenassociated. Thestoryitselfrepresents
a set ofevents which together compose a plot like < ny other story or life situation. This level of
understanding is the first level ofreligious practice: ythology. At this level we must understand
principles which the OsirianMystery is conveyin to us. principles are universal truths,
and thus, they are cornmon to the life experiences ofevery human being. However, a mystical
mythgoes muchfurther thanjusttelling astoryabou humanpainandpleasure, andbeyondmere
entertainment. A mystical myth also provides the at swers to the most fundamental questions of
human experience as to the origins of theuniverse andhumanity. It elucidates the
ofhumanexistence, providinga guidinglight fo traversing the manywindingroads oflife in
such a way as to avoid pain and sorrow and reach he abode ofsupreme peace and happiness.
each principle there are many implications ?\Thich must understood and practiced in
dailylife in orderfor the teachings tobecomeanintegralpartoflife.
I
rituals, hymnsandprayers associatedwith theOsirianmythmay found insuchtexts as
Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, Coffin Texts and,the various versions of the Egyptian Book of
Coming Forth By Day (Book ofthe Dead). Their correspondent rituals in the Christian religion
51
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
A COMPENDIUM OF THE ASARIAN RESURRECTION MYTH
THECREATION
The process of creation is explained in the form of a cosmological system for better
understanding. Cosmology is a branch of philosophy dealing with the origin, processes, and
structure ofthe universe. Cosmogony is the astrophysical study ofthe creation and evolution of
the universe. Bothofthese disciplines are inherentfacets ofAncientEgyptian philosophythrough
the main religious systems or Companies of the gods and goddesses. A Company ofgods and
goddesses is a group of deities which symbolize a particular cosmic force or principle which
emanates from the all-encompassing Supreme Being, from which theyhave emerged. TheSelfor
SupremeBeing manifests creation throughthe properties andprinciples represented by the Pautti
Company ofgods and goddesses - cosmic laws of nature. The system or Company ofgods and
goddesses of Anu is regarded as the oldest, and forms the basis of the Osirian Trinity. It is
expressedinthediagram below.
Shetai- NeterNeteru- Nebertcller
(unseen, hidden, omnipresent,SupremeBeing, beyonddualityanddescription)
(' -

Ra-Tem

{),.
Hetheru
Djehuti (Thoth'
{),.
Maat
{),.
'Shu :>
,
,n
I -,

:)
t?
{),.
<;j
Set(Seth)
(
"
Asar(Osms):> Aset Asar:> Nebtbet(Nephthys)
,yo
{),. {),.
Heru(Horus) Anpu(Anubis)
'The diagram above shows that the Psedjet (Ennead), or the creative principles which are
embodied in the primordial gods and goddesses ofcreation, emanated from the Supreme Being.
Ra or Ra-Tem arose out ofthe ((Nu", the Primeval waters, the hidden essence, and began sailing
the "Boat ofMillions ofYears" which included the Companyofgods and goddesses. Onhis boat
emerged the "neters" or cosmic principles of creation. The neters of the Ennead are Ra-Atum,
Shu, Tefnut: Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys. Hathor, Djehuti and Maat represent
attributes of the Supreme Being as the very stuff or substratum which makes up creation. Shu,
Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys represent the principles 'upon which creation
58
manifests.
in the Os
events OC(
as amass (
ofbeing\l,
Osirisa
throughol
During
innovatiOl
uponheri
Upon C
was merriJ
his lack 0
resultoftl
Set, wl
blinding 1=
secretlygo
get Osiris
assistants 1
Theco
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ofOsiris' '
D]EI
consciousI
The Kir
the pleas81
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energy. Is
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RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
wouldbeakintothemassservice, thepassionplays andtheEucharist.Theseconstitutethesecond
levelreligion: RituaL Myths constitute the heart and soul of rituals. Mythology is a mystical
languagefor transmittingandteachingthe principles oflife andcreation. Rituals are the medium
through which the myths are practiced, lived and realized. i\s previously discussed, rituals
representthesecondstage intheprocessofreligion.
\
Thus,whenyou delve intoa myth, you mustexpectmorethanjustentertainment.Youshould
be equipped with the knowledge which will allow you to decipher the hidden meanings in the
story so thatyou may also begin to experience and benefit from them on a personal level. Only
then will you be able to engender a real transformation in your life which will lead you to
Enlightenment.Thisis thethirdlevelofreligiouspractice, themysticalormetaphysicalleveL
TheKeys to ReadingandUnderstandingaMyth
Religion without myth not only fails to work, it also fails to offer man the promise
ofunity with the trans personal and eternal.
-C. G. lung(1875-1961)
Thefirst and mostimportantkey tounderstandinga mystical mythis comprehendingthatthe
myth is not talking about some ancient personality or story which occurred a long time ago and
which has norelevance to the present. Infact, the myth is speaking aboutyou. It is a storyabout
humanlife, its origins, its destiny, its plightandthecorrectactionfor leadingatrulysuccessfullife
whichpavestheway toEnlightenmentandtruehappiness.
Thesecondkey to understandinga mystical mythis comprehendingthatit is usuallywritten in
the form ofa journey in which the subject must learn about himself/herselfand transcend the
ordinary human consciousness. In this movement there are experiences of happiness, sorrow,
struggle and learning. It is a movement from ignorance and darkness towards light, wisdom and
ultimately, tospiritualEnlightenment.
Thethirdkey tounderstandingamystical mythcomesfrom livingthemyth. Livinga mythdoes
notmeansimplyreading a myth, beingable to recount the events withperfectmemoryorsimply
practicingtherituals ofa mythwithoutadeeperunderstandingoftheirimplicationsandpurpose.
It means making the essence ofthe teaching beingconveyed throughthemythan integral part of
your life. If this practice is notimplemented, the teachings remainatthe intellectual level andthe
deeper truths ofthe myth are not revealed. Therefore, you must resolve to discover the myth in
everyfacetofyourlife, andinsodoing,youwillbe triumphantas thehero(ine)ofthemyth.
,
Thephilosophyofspiritual transcendence and Enlightenment did notbegin with thedawn of
thedynasticperiod inAncientEgyptian history.Theevidence from ancienttextsandthehistoryof
Manetho* show that the Ancient Egyptian history which is known and written about in modern
times is only the descendent ofa much more ancient era ofEgyptian civilization which began
manythousandsofyears beforethedynasticera. *(See Egyptian Yoga: The Philosophy of Enlightenment
and Egyptian Yoga Guide Book Two: The Ancient Origins of Yoga)
Ancient Egyptian civilization 'originated in the unfathomable reaches. of antiquity. Records
indicate thatAncient Egypt existed as early as 36,000 B.C.E. The Osirian Myth centers around
the life ofthe first king ofEgypt, Asar, <ll:> ~ (Osiris); his wife and sister, Aset, *\J
c
~ J(Isis),
52
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
and their son Hor or Heru, (Heru). Osiris was an incarnation of the Divine Supreme Being who
came into mortal form in order to establish civilization; agriculture, philosophy and religion.
Upon his death he was accorded immortality and divinity as the High God.
There were several IIHigh God
ll
systems in Ancient Egyptian Mythology. High God means that
the highest God or Goddess within that particular system of theology is considered to be the
original deity from which all others emanated as cosmic forces. Thus, Osiris is known as 12.a Neter
..9!-The God (Lligh God) and Creation is composed of the from
Osiris. The cosmic forces are known as neters or gods and goddesses. Itis important to understand
that the High Gods and Goddesses as wen as the Egyptian Trinities" originated from the same
transcendental Supreme Being which was without name or form, but was referred to as Neter
Neteru (Neter of Neters ' Supreme Being above all gods and goddesses) and Neb-er-tcher.
In this manner, the initiate is to understand that all of the gods and goddesses are in reality
symbols, with names and forms, which represent the Divine in the varied manifest forms of
nature. This produces a two aspected format of religion in which there is a personaL aspect and a
aspect of God. The personal aspect is fixed in time and space with a name and form.
This form is readily understood by the masses of human beings with ordinary spiritual awareness
and is used in myths and stories. The second aspect, the side, points our interest
towards that which lies beyond the symbolic form. This is the unmanifest form of the Divine as it is
expressed in the mystical teachings of religious mythology. Thus, the High God is a personal
symbol or representation, with a name and form, of the nameless, formless, unmanifestand
transcendental Supreme Being. (*There were several forms of the Trinity in Ancient Egyptian
religion depending on the geographic locality where the teaching was espoused. These included:
Amun:-Mut-Khons, Ptah-Sekhmet-Nefertem, Heru-Hathor-Harsomtus (Heru the Younger), Khnum-
Anukis-Satis, Ptah-Seker-Ausar (Osiris). However, the most popular Trinity throughout all of
Ancient Egypt was that of Osiris-Isis-Hem).
Single Supreme, Transcendental Being, Pa Neter - Neter Neteru - Nebertcher
(unmanifest realm beyond time and space - names and forms)
HighGods and Goddesses manifesting as a Trinity: Amun-Ra-Ptah; Osiris-Isis-Heru
The activity or awareness within the manifest or symbolic area of religious practice is within the
purview of the mythological and ritual stages of religious practice while the activity within the
unmanifest area is covered by the third and final level of religious practice, the mystical or
metaphysical level.
The first sophisticated system of religion and yoga mystical philosophy in historical times
occurred in Ancient Egypt. This system included all of the gods and goddesses which in later times
became individually popular in various cities throughout Ancient Egypt. At the heart of this system
of gods and goddesses was Shetai, the hidden and unmanifest essence of the universe, also known
as Nebertcher and Amun. The svstem of religion of Ancient Egypt was called Shewut Neter or the
.53
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
HiddenWayofTheUnmanifestSupremeBeing.
Theterm "unmanifest"relates to thefactthattheAncientEgyptians realizedthe illusorynature
ofphysical reality. The phenomenal world; as it is perceived by the ordinarysenses in a human
being, is not the absolute reality ofexistence. In modern times, Quantum Physics experiments
have uncoveredthefact that"physical matter" is not"physical" at all, thatit is "energy" invarious
states ofmanifestationorvibration.Thus, theAncientEgyptians discovered thatthe phenomenal
universe is onlya "manifest" formwhicharisesfrom adeeper, unmanifestsource;Thisnotionwas
extensivelyexplained in Memphite Theology *. The tlleoryofrelativityrelatingto time andspacewas
also expressed in the Ancient Egyptian creationstories long before Albert Einstein proposed his
theoryofrelativity. *(See Egyptian Yoga: The Philosophy of Enlightenment)
Theentire system ofmystical philosophyofthe hiddenSupreme Being, as well as the method
through which that Being manifests in the form of the phenomenal physical universe and
individual humanconsciousness, was explainedinprogressive stages in the theologyoftheTrinity
known as Amun-Ra-Ptah, which was said to have arisen out ofthe Supreme Being: Nebertcher. As
AncientEgyptian history moved on through thousands ofyears, eachsegmentofthis Trinitywas
adoptedby a particular priesthood and localitywhich thenset aboutto explain and expound the
philosophy ofthat particular segment oftheTrinity. The priests ofthe Ancient Egyptian city of
Anu adopted Ra, the priesthood oftheAncientEgyptian city ofHetkaptah adoptedPtah, and the
AncientEgyptiancityofWeset or Newt (Thebes)adoptedAmun.
Ina similarmanner,the theology ofthecityofAbducenteredaroundthemythofOsiriswhile
thetheologyofPhilae andotherlocalitiescenteredaroundtheteachings ifIsis. Oneofthereasons
why the Osirian Trinity of Osiris, Isis and Hem was so powerful is that it incorporated the
teachings given in the entire primordialTrinitysystem ofNebertcher: Amun Ra Ptah, andbrought
themtothelevelofthecommon folk". It personalizedtheDivinityinsuchaway thateverymanand
womancouldpartakeofthe mythandpracticetherituals ineverydaylife, therebyattaininggreater
andgreatercloseness tothe Divine. Inthis sense, everyAncientEgyptiancitizenandthe followers
of the Osirian religion outside Egypt understood that the myth was in reality about every
individual.Thisis whyeveryone, especiallythePharaoh,was mysticallyreferred toas "TheOsiris".
Therefore, the mystical name ofanAncientEgyptian initiate in the mysteries ofOsiriswould not
be Ani, but Osiris-Ani. Other examples, using modern names, would be Osiris-Alice insteadof
Alice, or Osiris-Benjamin instead of Benjamin, etc. *(See Egyptian Yoga: The Philosophy of
Enlightenment)
The mystical philosophy concerning the Trinity myth is so powerful, especially the Trinity of
Osiris-Isis-Heru, thatwhen correctly understood, it holds the key to understanding the nature of
Creationandofthe natureofhumanconsciousness. This is why the system ofaTrinitywas used
in the religious system of India and later in Christianity, the former being modeled after the
Ancient Egyptian system indirectly and the latter being directly modeled after the Ancient
EgyptiansystemoftheOsirianResurrection.
The portrayal of God as a Father who begets a son who becomes his paraclete and revealer
occurs first, andwith mostprimacy, inAncientEgypt, inthe mythologyofNebertcher andOsiris.
54
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHAND ENLIGHTENMENT
Heru, in Egypt, was the reincarnation ofOsiris, his father, whowas himselfanincarnation ofthe
High God Ra, the Absolute abode of all things. At,the same time, Heru is the symbol ofthe
humansoul, theessentialnatureandthe innatehero/heroinewithineveryhumanbeing. Inmuch
the same way, Jesus is the revealer and paraclete of God, The Father. In Eastern mystical
philosophy, Buddha and Krishna are considered to be Avatars or incarnations of God. The
original ideaofAvatarismwas thatfrom timetotimewhenunrighteousness reaches acertainlevel
and threatens to overwhelm righteousness, God would manifest on earth in human form to
restore virtue in the world, In the Hindu tradition, the GodVishnu had ten importantAvatars,
one ofwhomwas Krishna. The purpose ofAvatarism from the divine pointofview is to sustain
creation by maintaining the balance between the pairs ofopposites in creation. The disparity in
thepairsofopposites is mostevidentintherise ofunrighteousness insociety. InAncientEgyptian
mythology, the concept ofAvatarism goes back to the incarnations ofHathor, as the destructive
Eye ofRa, OsirisandIsis.
InAncientEgyptian Mythology, the childrenofGod(the Companyofgods andgoddesses) are
not only Avatars but the SViIil301s oras eces ofrtie humansoul, and ;;t creation itself.
They, through their s m ali ms, are to be treated as mo es for t e in 0 e aVlor which
lea s to happiness and spiritual freedom. In this respect, the incarnation ofGo as an vaWTs
;;;allyametaphorwhichrelatesto thepotentialwithineveryhumanbeingtodiscoverandmanifest
their divine nature, and inso doing, becomeanAvatar. Thus, the passions, teachings andfates of
thegods andgoddesses revealthestoryofthe humansoulandthe pathit mustfollow inorderto
attain knowledge of its true divine nature and achieve liberation from ignorance, pain and
sufferingduetobondagetotheworldoftimeandspace.
In Ancient Egypt, the concept of God, the ultimate and absolure reality behind all physical
manifestations,was calledAmn orAmun*orNebertcher orPa Neter (TheGod,TheSupremeBeing).
In Hindu mythology, it is Brahman; to the Taoists, it is The Tao; in Judaism it is referred to as
Yahweh; in Islam it is Allah; in Christianity it is God andThe Kingdom of Heaven; and to modern
physics itis Energy. *(OtherspellingsincludeAmun, Amen, Amon, Amonu, Amunu.)
"God is a metaphor for a mystery that transcends all human categories of
thought... It depends on how much you want to think about it, whether or not it's
doing you any good, whether it's putting you in touch with the mystery which is
the ground ofyour own being. /I
-JosephCampbell
In this manner, the ancient Sages who originally established the teachings of mystical
philosophyusedmetaphorsandsymbols to describe the ultimate andtranscendentalrealitywhich
is beyond the grasp ofthe human senses and mind. To describe this transcendental reality, the
"G d" JO , "SU preme elng, l.e Absoute, "paNeter, ""Nbertc:ler , 1 " etc.,were created . terms B'""Tl I e Inan
attempttoprovideaconceptwhichthehumanmindcouldunderstand.
55
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
TheImportanceofScripturesandSymbols
The importance ofscriptures and symbols ofmystical spirituality cannot be overstated. It is a
powerful experience to hear a mystical story being given by word of mouth through an oral
tradition,butthere is aneven more intenseeffectwhenonecanactuallyviewtheverypictographs,
hieroglyphs, steles, and reliefs, andsee howevery aspect ofthe myth canbe incorporated intoall
areas ofordinarylife.This is whyspiritualartcanbeapowerfulforce toengenderspiritualfeeling.
When the deeper, mystical implications are understood, spiritual art in the form of symbols,
deities, etc., can produce a meditative effect in the mind which leads to an expansion in
consciousness. This is the deeper teaching behind the creation ofTemples, Cathedrals and other
monuments as places ofworship and ritual exercises. These symbols and myths are not necessary
noressential for spiritualenlightenment,since nature herselfshowshumanbeingstheways ofthe
Divine. However, the path ofnature is long and arduous. It involves many reincarnations and
countless experiencesofpainandsorrowbefore a humanbeinglearns the nature ofcreation, and
. theproperwaytolive so thatonebecomesclosertothe Divine andexperiences greater peace and
, happinessinlife.
, Thescripturesandteachingsserve the purpose ofenlighteningthosewhohave discovered that
there is a deeper basis to life other thanwhatis promoted by the general society. The of
ahcienttimescreatedthescripturestoassistthosewhowouldliketodiscover this innerrealityand
would be otherwise lost inthe wilderness ofignorance and suffering which constitutes ordinary
human life. It is spiritual aspirants thatthe innerchambers ofthe temple are designed. The
Ancient Egyptian temple basically consisted ofthree main sections to which several rooms that
were usedforvariouspurposeswere attached.Thesesectionswere (A) the Court,(B) the Hypostyle
Hall and (C) the Chapel (Holy ofHolies). This format follows the system ofthe three levels of
religion, MythologicaL, RituaListic, and MysticaL, the manner of spiritual study prescribed by the
ancientTemple Isis, Listening, Reflection, Meditation, andtheAncientEgyptian initiaticeducation
levels ofaspirants,The Mortals, The IntelLigences, andThe Creators or Beings of Light.
TheAncientEgyptiansystem ofeducationoftheTemple ofIsis prescribea three tieredformat
fortransmittingthe teachings ofmysticalspirituality. Thesewere: 1- Listening tothe teachings. 2-
Constantstudyandreflection onthe teachings. 3- Meditation onthemeaningoftheteachings.It
is important to note here that the same teaching which was practiced in Ancient Egypt of
Listening to, Reflecting upon, and Meditating upon the teachings is the same process used in
Vedanta-Jnana Yoga of India today. According to the teachings ofJnana Yoga or the Yoga of
Wisdom, the process of yoga consists of three steps: 1- Sbravana (Listening), 2- Manana
(Reflection) and 3- Niddidbyasana (Meditation), IntheShetaut NETER system ofyoga, therewere
threelevelsofaspirants. '
1- TheMortals: Students who were being instructed on a probationarystatus, but had not
experiencedinnervision.
2- TheIntelligences: Students who had attained innervision and had received a glimpse of
cosmicconsciousness.
3- The Creators or Beings of Light: Students who had become IDENTIFIED with or
UNITEDwiththelight(GOD).
It is clear to see from the outline above that the Trinity system is a profound teaching which
extended from the philosophycenteringaround the deities themselves down to the format ofthe
56
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
ducationalprocess andtheveryfoundationofthetemplestructure.
e . .
TheScripturesaudSymbolsofShetautNeter
The most importantelements ofthe myths, wisdom teachings and rituals associated withthe
ShetautNeter can be found in the Pyramid Texts, CoffinTexts, Papyrus Texts, Temple Reliefs,
Stel
es
,Obelisks and othermonumentsofAncient Egypt. All ofthese puttogetherconstitutewhat
is referred toas thesacredtexts ofAncientEgypt ortheteachings ofEgyptian mystical spirituality.
The writings are referred to as "Khu" or "Hekau," meaning utterances or words of power, and
collectively they are known as "Metu Neter" (Words of The God) or "Neter Metu" (Divine
Speech). Modern Egyptology, the scholarly study ofAncient Egyptian civilization from the early
nineteenthcenturytothepresenthas labeledthese utterances as speLls orincantations. Inaway this
- --.,
assessment is correct because these urterances are to be understood as incantations or words
which, when understood, can have the effectoftransforming the mind, allowing an expansion of
ccmsciousness andspiritualenlightenment. However, theyare nottobeunderstoodinthecontext
ofWestern magic, witch's spells or voodoo, etc. To do so would be a grievous error of either
ignorance, in the case ofthe uneducated masses, or intellectualism and conceit, in the case of
highly educated butuninitiated scholars. These faulty interpretations would yield the conclusion
thatAncientEgyptianspiritualityas well as othermythsfrom aroundtheworldare aconglomerate
ofa myriad ofconflictingstories and baseless ritualism devoted to idolworshipping, imagination
and primitive occult nonsense. In reality, the Shetaut Neter is an extremely sophisticated
philosophy and educational process for understanding and realizing the transcendentalreality of
lifewhichis thebasisofall existence.
..

57
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHAND ENLIGHTENMENT
manifests. Anpuis notpartofthe Ennead. Herepresentsthe feature ofintellectualdiscrimination
in the Osirian myth. "Sailing" signifies the beginning ofmotion in creation. Motionimplies that
events occur in the realm oftime andspace, thus, the phenomenaluniverse comes intoexistence
as amass ofmovingessencewe call theelements. Priorto thismotion,therewas theprimevalstate
ofbeingwithoutanyform andwithoutexistence intimeorspace.
Osiris,Isis andHeru
OsirisandIsis dedicated themselves to thewelfare ofhumanityandsoughttospread civilization
throughouttheearth,evenas far as IndiaandChina. \ .
j
During the absence ofOsiris from his kingdom, his brotherSet had no opportunityto make
innovations in the state because Isis was extremelyvigilant in governing the country, and always
uponherguardandwatchfulforanyirregularityorunrighteousness.
Upon Osiris' returnfrom touring theworldandcarrying the teachings ofwisdom abroad there
was merrimentand rejoicing throughouttheland. However, one dayafter Osiris' return, through
his lack ofvigilance, he became intoxicated and slept with Set's wife, Nephthys. Nephthys, as a
resultofthe unionwithOsiris, begotAnpu.
Set, who represents the personification of evil forces, plotted in jealousy and anger (the
blinding passion that prevents forgiveness) to usurp the throne and conspired to kill Osiris. Set
secretlygot the measurementsofOsiris andconstructedacoffin. ThroughtrickerySetwas able to
get Osiris to "tryon" the coffin for size. While Osiris was resting in the coffin, Set and his
assistantslockeditandthendumpeditintotheNileriver.
Thecoffin made its wayto thecoastofSyTia where itbecameembeddedinthe earthandfrom
itgrewatreewiththe mostpleasantaroma intheform ofaDJEDorTET. TheTETis thesymbol
ofOsiris' BACK. It has four horizontal lines in relation to a firmly established, straight column.
The D]ED column is symbolic ofthe upper energy centers that relate to the levels of
consciousness ofthespiritwithinanindividualhumanbeing.
TheKing ofSyriawas outwalkingandas he passedbythe tree, he immediatelyfell in lovewith
thepleasantaroma, so he hadthe treecutdownandbroughtto hispalace. Isis (Auset,Asr), Osiris'
wife, the personification ofthe life giving, mother force in creation and inall humans,went to
Syria in searchofOsiris. Hersearch led her to the palace oftheSyrian Kingwhereshe tookajob
as the nurse ofthe King's son. EveryeveningIsis would puttheboyinto the Itfire" toconsumehis
mortal parts, thereby transforming him to immortality. is s bolic ofboth ph'sicat ld
purification. Most importantly, fire implies wisdom, the light oftrut , i umination and
energy. Isis, by ;rnue of her qualities, has the power to bestow immortality through the
transformative power ofhersymbolic essence. Isis then told the king thatOsiris, her husband, is
inside thepillarhe made from the tree. Hegraciouslygave herthepillar(DJED)andshereturned
with itto Kamit(Kmt, Egypt).
Upon her returnto Kmt Isis wentto the papyrusswamps whereshelayover Osiris' dead body
and fanned him with her win.gs, infusing him.with new 1jfe. In this manner Isis revived Osiris
59
1
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
through her power of love and wisdom, and then they united once more. From their union was
conceived a son, Heru (Heru), with the assistance of the gods Thoth (DjehutO and Arnon.
by

One evening, as Set was hunting in the papyrus swamps, he carne upon Isis and Osiris. In a
heh
rage of passion, he dismembered the body of Osiris into several pieces and scattered them
yoU
throughout the land. In this way it is Set, the brute force of our bodil i d' ,that
the:
"dismembers" our Instead of oneness an unity, we see multiplicity and
wht
;:parateness which give rise to egoistic (selfish) and violent behavior. The Great Mother, Isis, once
again sets out to search, now for the pieces of Osiris, with the help of Anpu and Nephthys..
on1'
After searching all over the world they found all the pieces of Osiris' body, except for his
real
phallus which was eaten by a fish. In Eastern Hindu-Tantra mythology, the GodShiva, who is the
the
eqUivalent of Osiris, also lost his phallus in one story. In Ancient Egyptian and Hindu-Tantra
mac
mythology, this loss represents seminal retention in order to channel the sexual energy to the
higher spiritual centers, thereby transforming it into spiritual energy. Isis, Anpu and Nephthys re-
membered the pieces, all except the phallus which was eaten by the fish. Osiris thus regained life
spir
in the realm of the dead, the Duat.
oft
whE
Heru, therefore, was born from the union of the spirit of Osiris and the life giving power of
Isis (Creation). Thus, Heru represents the union of spirit and matter and the renewed life of
his rebirth. When Heru became a young man, Osiris returned from the realm oftIledead
and encouraged him to take up arms (vitality, wisdom, courage, strength of will) and establish
truth, justice and righteousness in the world by challenging Set, its current ruler.
The Battle of Heru (Heru) and Set
The battle between Heru and Set took many twists, sometimes one seeming to get the upper
hand and sometimes the other, yet neither one gaining a clear advantage in order to decisively win.
At one point Isis tried to help Heru by catching Set, but due to the pity and compassion she felt
towards him set him free. In a passionate ra c her h ad and went off b imself
in a frustrated state. Even Heru is suscepti Ie to passion which leads to performing deeds that one
Set found Heru and gouged out Heru' eyes. During this time Heru was overpowered .
by the evil of Set. He became blinded to truth (as signified by the loss of his eyes) and thus, was
unable to do battle (act with MAAT) Set. His power of sight was later restored by Hathor
(goddess of passionate love, desire and fierce power), who also represents the left Eye of Ra. She is
the fire spitting, destructive power of light which dispels the darkness (blindness) of ignorance.
When the conflict resumed, the two contendants went before the court of the Ennead gods
(Company of the nine gods who ruled over creation, headed by Ra). Set, promising to end the
fight and restore Heru to the throne, invited Heru to spend the night at his house, but Heru soon
found out that Set had evil intentions when he intercQllrse with him, The
also symbolizes activit:. Juxtaposed against this aspect of Set
(uncontrolled sexual potency and desire) is Heru in the form of ithyphallic (erect phallus) MIN,
who represents not only the control of sexual desire, but its sublimation as welL Min symbolizes
the power which comes from the sublimation of the sexual energy.
6D
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBIRTH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
ThroughmoretreacheryanddeceitSetattemptedtodestroyHeruwith the helpofthe Ennead,
by tricking them into believing that Heru was not worthy of the throne. Osiris sent a letter
pleadingwiththeEnneadto dowhatwascorrect. Heru,as thesonofOsiris, shouldbetherightful
heir to the throne. All but two ofthem (the Ennead) agreed because Heru, they said, was too
young to rule. Osiris thensentthem a secondletter (scroll ofpapyrus with a message) reminding
them that even they cannot escape judgmentfor their deeds; they too will be judged in the end
whentheyhave to finally gototheWest(abodeofthedead).
Thissignifies thateven thegods cannotescape judgmentfor theirdeeds. Since all thatexists is
onlya manifestationoftheabsolute realitywhichgoes beyondtime andspace, thatwhichis in the
realm oftime andspace (humans, spirits, gods, angels, neters) are all boundby its laws. Following
thereceiptofOsiris'scroll(letter), Heruwas crownedKingofEgypt. Setacceptedthedecisionand
madepeacewithHeru.Allthegods rejOiced. ThusendsthelegendofOsiris, Isis, andHeru.
The Resurrection of Osiris and his reincarnation in the form ofHeru is a symbol for the
spiritual resurrectionwhichmustoccurinthelife ofeveryhumanbeing. Inthismanner,thestory
oftheOsirianTrinityofOsiris-Isis-Heru andthe Egyptian Ennead holds hidqenteachings, which
whenunderstoodandproperlypracticed,willleadtospiritualenlightenment.
j
61
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
THE UNABRIDGED MYTH OF SHETAUT ASAR-ASET-HERU
them
teachi!
What follows is the synthesis of the entire myth ofthe Osirian Trinity story. It has been
m
eani
carefully andlovinglysuturedtogether from various ancientsources, includingthe inscriptions of
Ini
theTemplesofIsis, Osiris, HeruandHathor, thePyramidTexts, The Book of Coming Forth By Day
and 01
ofAni, thewritings ofPlutarch, andtheHermeticwritings. It constitutesoneofthe mostcomplete
Ancier
renditions ofthe entire story as it was known to the AncientEgyptians, and later to their Greek
its pm
disciples, who codified large sections ofthe story upon their initiation into the teachings ofthe
particl
Egyptiantemplesystem.
expres!
among
Every line in the story is based on the original ancient Hieroglyphic, Hieratic, Demotic and
hold 0
Greek texts, and each section has been given a title. Line numbers have been added for easy
the ac
reference.Abriefgloss orlimitedcommentaryhasbeenincludedattheendofthestory.
consid,
Each line inthe myth constitutesthe litanyofthe mysticalstoryofOsiris, Isis and Heruwhich
As
was toldtotheAncientEgyptian and Greekinitiateswhosoughttodiscover aspiritual'awakening
wisdon'
or enlightenment. Therefore, they are to be considered as Hekau orWords ofPower (known as
unders
mantras in India). They are special utterances, which when correctly understood and recited or
unders
chanted, impart wisdom, and have.a ttansformative effect on the human mind because they
Isis be(
contain information aboutthe ultimate truth ofthe universe, and therefore, ofeach individual
the En
human being. This process of psycho-spiritual transformation leads the reciter towards inner
which
peace,contentment,divineawarenessandcommunionwiththeHigherSelf.
esoterit
having
Nooneknows exactlywhenthe mythsofanyparticularcountryoriginated.Like all legends, the
begint
Osirian Mystery cannotbe said to be a completely historical fact nor can it be said to be a story
without any reality. Osiris, Isis, Heru and the other neters did exist, and they continue to exist
Myt
even today as the energy which sustains life on earth. This is the same energy which courses
written
through every human being, causing birth, growth, death and reincarnation. The symbolic
andult
meaningofthestoryhasbeentruefrom thebeginningoftime, andis occurringinthelife ofevery
humanbeing atthisvery moment.Therefore,while certainhistorical informationis needed to set
Nea
a contextfor our study inrelationtoworld history, the most importantaspect ofthe myth is the
Divine
mystical meaningcontained in it. In this sense, the Osirian Myth is absolutelytrue andfactual in
Avesta,
everydetail.
beens(
The ancient Sages created stories based on human and superhuman beings whose struggles,
have Sl
Egyptifl
aspirations, needs and desires ultimately led them to discover their true Self(God). The myth of
nature
Osiris, Isis and Heru is no exception inthis area. While there is no single place where the entire
story may be found, pieces ofit are inscribed in various ancient temples walls, tombs, stelesand
means
papyri. In away it would nothave been necessary for Ancient Egyptian civilization to record the
of Com
story in its entirety because its knowledge was so pervasive throughout every area of society,
Forth B
includingthegovernment,businesses andeducationalinstitutions. maybe
aequaiI
Thisbeingthecase, it mighteven have beenconsidereddetrimentaltocodifythemythbecause necessa
this would tend to curtail the freedom ofits use as a method ofteaching spiritual truths. Sages
sometimes introduce seemingly new concepts and twists into old myths in order to revive and The
updatethem for the presenttime, according to the level ofintellectual andspiritual development
myths;
ofthepeopleatlarge (themasses). Tn this mannertheyare able tocultivatea positive development mystiea
for society as a whole with an exoteric or outer teaching which imparts the basic teachings of
text of
spirituality and engenders Maat (ethical behavior), while at the same time looking out for those civilizat
individuals who display a certain special interest in the spirit\lal disciplines, and imparting onto
62
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBIRTH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
them an esoteric teaching which leads them to the heights of inner self-discovery. The inner
teachings were imparted to the spiritual aspirant who was ready to understand the psycho-mystical
rne<tnings behind the story throHgh the initiation process.
In its form as a myth which was carried on for thousands of years through the power of folklore
~ y
and oral tradition, the Osirian Mystery remained in the special domain of a legend which the
:r
Ancient Egyptian people accepted as real and true. As an object to be recorded, it might have lost
k
its power of expression because the act of codification itself tends to lock things down to a
particular time, place, idea or expression, and tends to invalidate any other variations or
expressions. This is the normal attitude in the "civilized" nations. Often times there is a desire
among those who are intellectually advanced to reduce things to their elementary components and
d
hold onto them as possessions, and then to exclude whatever seems to be outside or different from
y
the accepted models. Along with this attitude, th,ere is a reverence for scriptures which are
considered old and a disdain for younger or updated teachings given by modern day Sages.
As a spiritual aspirant, you must realize that the scriptures themselves are not alive with the
g
wisdom which leads to realization of the Higher Self until their mystical meaning is fully
s
understood. This is why an authentic teacher is needed to direct you towards the correct
r
understanding and practice of the teachings. In the myth of Osiris the teacher takes many forms.
y
Isis becomes the teacher of Heru and later, Heru seeks conference with Hathor and Djehuti. Also,
[1
the Ennead seeks council from the goddess Neith. Therefore, spiritual wisdom is a living essence
r
which cannot be fully captured in scriptures alone. It requires initiation into (being taught) the
esoteric meanings of the symbols and metaphors. However, as you become spiritually sensitive,
having gained some higher knowledge through contact with others of higher development, you will
begin to discover the wisdom that is latent in all of the world's great scriptures. .
y
t
S
Myths cannot be held as a possession nor can their wisdom be understood by having them in a
written form and keeping them on abookshelf. They must be studied and understood thoroughly,
and ultimately, they must lived in order for their truths and significance to be fully realized.
Nearly every culture has a sacred book or books which extol(s) the beliefs in reference to the
Divine and Its relationship to hum<tnity. The Bhaga1)ad Gita, Tao Te Ching, Dhammapada, Zend
Avesta, o p o ~ Vu, Koran, Christian Bible, Torah and other sacred texts from around the world have
been sources of inspiration and means by which people have learned about spiritual matters. Many
have suggested that the Egyptian Boole of Coming Forth By Day is to be considered as the Ancient
Egyptian Bible, and deservedly so, because it includes rituals for divine worship, elucidates the
nature of the Divine, and emphasizes the importance of virtue and devotion to the Divine as a
means to achieve contact with the Divine. There is one important element missing from the Book
of Coming Forth By Day however. This factor is the mythological basis. While the Book of Coming
Forth By Day alludes to the Osirian myth upon which it is based and a working knowledge of it
may be gained by studying the texts, the texts were really prepared for those who were already well
acquainted with (initiated into) the teachings of the myth of Osiris, Isis and Heru. Thus, it was
necessary to provide only a brief or indirect reference to the myth.
The myth, being the heart of rituals, is the origin: and basis of all religious practices. Therefore,
myt:hs are to be considered as the archetype and primary underlying essence of the rituals and
mystical philosophy of a religious system. The following texts are offered as the "Bible" or sacred
text of Ancient Egypt. Tb.ey constitute the foundation and quintessence' of Ancient Egyptian
Civilization, mystical wisdom and religious philosophy.
63
~
:,<1;',: : : : ~ ~ ~ ".-::' '-.-_
1;
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
Ancient Kemetic Terms and Ancient Greek Terms
In keepingwiththespiritofthecultureofKemeticSpirituality, in thisvolumewewill usetheKemetic
names for the divinities through which we will bring forth the Philosophy ofthe Prt M Hru. Therefore,
theGreeknameOsiriswill beconverted backto theKemetic(AncientEgyptian)Asar(Ausar),theGreek
IsistoAset(Auset),theGreekNephthysto Nebthet,AnputoAnpuorApuat, Hathorto Hetheru,Thothor
Hermes to Djehuti, etc. (see the table below) Further, the term Ancient Egypt will be used
interchangeably with "Kemit" ("Kamit"), or "Ta-Meri," as these are the terms used by the Ancient
Egyptiansto refertotheirlandand culture.
Ancient Kemetic Terms and Ancient Greek Terms
Kemetic (Ancient Egyptian) Names
Amun
Ra
Ptah
Nut
Geb
Net
Khonsu
Set
Bast
Uadjit
Asar(Ausar)
Aset(Auset)
Nebthet
AnpuorApuat
Hetheru
Heru
Djehuti
Maat
GreekNames
Zeus
Helios
Hephastos
Rhea
Kronos
Athena
Heracles
AresorTyphon
Artemis
Leto
OsirisorHades
IsisorDemeter
Nephthys
Anubis
Hathor(Aphrodite)
HorusorApollo
Thoth. orHermes
AstraeaorThemis
64
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHAND ENLIGHTENMENT
TheHieroglyphsof
MysticalAwakening
(Nehas..t)
"resurrection" or"spiritualawakening"
Wake up Awake- Nefzas
Wakefulness vigilant- Snehas
It
Resurrection, spiritual Enlightenment- Nehast
65
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS

oZlsariatt

Dua Asar Aset Herll,
Dua Asar Aset Herll,
Dua Asar Aset Herll,
Dua Asar Aset Heru,
66
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHAND ENLIGHTENMENT
TheCreation
TheHighGodarisingoutof theprimevalwatersintheformofKhepera.
Above: ThepapyruscontainingtheancientEgyptianmythofthe HistoryofCreation.
67
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
Shetaut
TheMythOfOsiris,Isis andHorus
1
AHymnto Ra
(FromtheEgyptianBookofComingForthByDayofQenna)
"A HYMN OF PRAISE TO RA WHEN HE RISETH IN THE EASTERN PART OF
HEAVEN. Behold Asar, Qenna the merchant, who saith: "Homage to thee, in thy rising
thou Tmu in thy crowns ofbeauty. You risest, you risest, you, Ra, shinest, you shinest, at
dawn ofday. You are crowned like,unto the king ofthe gods, and the goddess Shutidoeth
homage unto thee. The Company ofthe gods and goddesses praise thee from the double-
dwelling. You goestforth over the upperairand thy heartis filled with gladness. TheSektet
(
boat draweth onward as Ra cometh to the haven in the Atet boat with fair winds. Ra
rejoiceth, Ra rejoiceth. Thy father is Nu, thy mother is Nut and you are crowned as Ra-
Harmachis. Thysacred boatadvanceth in peace. Thyfoe has been cast down and his head
has beencut off; the heart ofthe Lady ofLife rejoiceth in that the enemy ofher lord has
beenoverthrown.ThemarinersofRahavecontentofheartandAnnurejoiceth"
TheCreation
(Fromthe4jeroglyphictextentitled:TheHistoryofCreation.)
2 Here is the storyofRa,tl,1S"Qod whowas self-begotten and Hecreated menand
womenfrom his ownbeing. He thesovereigntyovermen andwomen, andgods, and all
things, the ONE God. Uponrising for the first time outofNu, the Primeval Ocean, Ra emitted
from himself Shu (air and space or ether) and Tdnut (moisture). These two gave rise to Geb
(earth, physical matter) andNut(sky, heaven). Maar is adaughterofRa. -It is saidthatMaat is the
foundationofcreationandthatMaoat is whateverything is based onsince Ra stands in his boatof
creationonthepedestalofMaat.
Raand
Ra and 1
and god
of Milli
traverse!
thereby
stopped
power0
68
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHAND ENLIGHTENMENT
Ra and the Company of Gods and Goddesses in the Barque of Millions of Years
Ra and the Company of gods
and goddesses in the Barque
of Millions of Years which
traverses the heavens, and
thereby sustains creation, is
stopped by the words of
power of Aset.

Elh
U

EjGeb

Set Nebthet
The Company of Gods imd
Goddesses of Ra as they
emerge from him and
engender Creation as well
as human existence.
--The Philosophy of Anu.
See the book Anunian
Theology: The Mysteries oj
Ra

Hero
69
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
3. Now men and women were speaking words ofcomplaint, saying: I1Behold, his Majesty (Life,
Strength, and Health to him! has grown old: and his bones have become like silver, and his
membershaveturnedintogoldandhis hairis like untoreallapis-lazuli.II
3.1. His Majestyheard thewords ofcomplaintwhich menandwomenwere uttering, and his
Majesty (Life, Strength, and Health to him!) said unto those who were in his train: "Cry
out, and bring to me my Eye, and Shu, and Tefnut, and Seb (Geb), and Nut, and the
father-gods, and the mother-gods who were with l11e, evenwhen I was inNuside byside
with my god Nu. Let there be broughtalong with my Eye, its ministers, and let them be
led to me heresecretly, so thatmenandwomenmay notperceive themcoming, and may
not therefore take toflight with their hearts. Come thouwiththem to the GreatHouse,
and let them declare their plans fully, for I will go from Nu into the place wherein I
broughtaboutmyownexistence, andletthosegodsbebroughtuntomethere.
3.2. Nowthegodswere drawnuponeachsideofRa, andtheyboweddownbefore hisMajesty
until their heads touched the ground, and the maker ofmen and women, the King of
thosewho haveknowledge, spake his words inthe presence ofthe Father ofthe first-born
gods.
4. Andthegodsspoke inthe presenceofhis Majesty, saying: "Speakuntous, for we are listening
toyourwords."
4.1. ThenRaspokeuntoNu, saying: "0youfirstborngod fWIn whomIcame intobeing, 0 ye
gods ofancienttime, my ancestors, take ye heed towhatmen andwomen are doing; for
behold, those who were created by my Eye are utteringwords ofcomplaint against me.
Tell me what ye would do in the matter, and consider this thing for me, andseek outa
planfor me, for I will notslay themuntilI have heardwhatye shallsay to me concerning
it."
4.2. Thenthe Majesty ofNu, to sonRa, spoke, saying: "You are thegodwho are greater than
hewhomade thee.Youare thesovereignofthosewhowere createdwiththee.Thythrone
is set, and the fear of thee is great; let thine Eye go against those who have uttered
blasphemies against thee." And the Majesty of Ra said: "Behold, they have betaken
themselves to flight into the mountain lands, for their hearts are afraid because ofthe
wordswhichtheyhaveuttered,"
4.3. The gods spoke in the presence ofhis Majesty, saying: "Let thine Eye go forth andlet it
destroy for thee those who revile thee with words ofevil, for there is no eye whatsoever
thatcango beforeitandresistthee anditwhenitjourneyethintheform ofHetheru."
70
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
Above: Shu separates Nut and Geb while Ra traverses over Nut (the
heavens) in the hlrque 0 fday(at left) and the barque of night (at right).
Above:.l11e
goddess Nut, from
a mummy case at
Turin.
Nut consuming the evening sun and
giving birth to the morning sun.
At Nut in the form of a cow
goddess.
71
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
4a Thereupon this goddess went forth and slew the men and the women who were on the
mountains and desert lands. And the Majesty of this god said, "Corne, corne in peace, 0 Hetheru,
for the work is accomplished." Then this goddess said, "You have made me to live, for when I
gained the mastery over men and women it was sweet to my heart. I should like to continue
feeding upon men and women." Then the Majesty of Ra said, "I myself will be master over them as
their King, and I will destroy them." And it carne to pass that She of the offerings, Hetheru, waded
about in the night season in their blood, beginning at Suten-henen. Then the Majesty of Ra spake
saying:, "Cry out, and let there corne to me swift and speedy messengers who shall be able to run
like the wind ...." and straightway, these messengers were brought unto him. And the Majesty of
this god spake saying: "Let these messengers go to Abu, and bring unto me mandrakes in great.
numbers"; and when these mandrakes were brought unto him the Majesty of this god gave them
to Sekhet, the goddess who dwelleth in Annu (Heliopolis) to crush. And behold, when the
Maat is
maidservants were bruising the grain for making beer, these mandrakes were placed in the vessels Ra. It i,
which were to hold the beer,and some of the blood of the men and women who had beenslain.
is the
creat ion
Now they made seven thousand vessels of beer. Now when the Majesty of Ra, the King of the
whal
South and North, had come with the gods to look at the vessels of beer, and behold, the daylight
based
had appeared after the slaughter of men and women by the goddess in their season as she sailed up

the river, the Majesty of Ra, said: "It is good, it is good that she has displayed the power of

righteousness and punished the evil ones, nevertheless I must protect men and women against

her." And Ra, said, "Let them take up the vases and carry them to the place where the men and
women were slaughtered by her."
4b. Then the Majesty of the King of the South and North, in the three-fold beauty of the night,
caused to be poured out these vases of beer which make men to lie down (sleep), and the meadows
of the Four Heavens (the South, North, West, and East of the sky) were filled with beer (divine
nectar) by reason of the Souls of the Majesty of this God. And it came to pass that when this
goddess arrived at the dawn of day, she found these Heavens flooded with the nectar, and she was
pleased thereat; and she drank of the beer and blood, and her heart rejoiced, and she became
drunk, and she gave no further attention to men and women. Then said the Majesty of Ra, to this
Top left:
goddess, "Come in peace, come in peace, 0 Amit (most beautiful one)" and thereupon beautiful
spiritual s
women came into being in the city of Amit (or, Amem). And the Majesty of Ra spake in homage to
embodimi
headdress
this goddess, saying: "Let there be made for her vessels of the beer which produceth sleep at every
spiritual a
holy time and season of the year, and they shall be in number according to the number of my
hand-maidens." And from that early time until now men have been wont to make on the
In ancienl
occasions of the festival of Hetheru vessels of the beer which make them to sleep in number
ofMAAl
according to the number of the hand-maidens of Ra. and spiritl
in society
there is jl
4c And the Majesty of Ra spoke unto this goddess, saying: "I am smitten with the pain of the
necessary
fire of sickness; whence cometh to me this pain?" And the Majesty of Ra said, "I live, but my
has become exceedingly weary with existence with these men and women who have forgotten me
Along w
and become boastful, prideful and full of themselves. l' have slain some of them, but there is a encompas
play in thi
remnant of worthless ones, for the destruction which I wrought among them was not as great as
my power." Then the gods who were in his following said unto him, "Be not overcome by thy
inactivity, for thy might is in proportion to thy will." And the Majesty of this God (Ra) said unto
the Majesty of Nu, "My members are weak and have suffered pain since primeval time, and 1 shall
not recover until another period comes".
72
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTH
e
l,
I
e
s
e
1
f
t
Maat is a daughter of
Ra. It is said that Maat
is the foundation of

is what everythingis
based on sinee Ra


....
Maat with eyes
closed.
ENLIGHTENMENT
Top left: The ancient Egyptian Goddess MAAT, holding a papyrus reed scepter. Maat is a philosophy, a
spiritual symbol as well as a cosmic energy or force which pervades the entire universe. She is the symbolic
embodiment of w ustice. ri hteousness erectness, harmony and eace. She is also known by her
headdress composed of a feather of truth. She is a form of t le goddess Isis, who represents wisdom and
spiritual awakening.
In ancient Egypt, the judges and all those connected with the judicial system were initiated into the teachings
of MAA T. Thus, those who would discharge the laws and regulations of society were well trained in ethical
and spiritual values of life, fairness, justice and the responsibility to serve society in order to promote harmony
in society and the possibility for spiritual development in an atmosphere of freedom and peace, for only when
there is justice and fairness in society can there be an abiding harmony and peace. Harmony and peace are
necessary for the pursuit of true happiness and inner fulfillment in life.
Along with her associates, the god Djehuti and the goddesses Shai, Rennenet and j\,1eskhenet, Maat
encompasses the teachings of Karma and the destiny of every individual. Thus, they have an important role to
play in the Judgment scene of the Book of Coming Forth By Day.
i
i"
,.)
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
4d Andthe Majestyofthe god Nusaid, "SonShu, bethoutheEye for thy father, ....and
assist him, andyou goddess Nut, place himon your back." And the goddess}Jutsaid, "Howcan
thisbethen, 0 myfatherNu?" "Hail,"saidNut.,...tothegodNu,andthegoddessstraightway
became a cow, andshe set theMajesty ofRa upon(her) back. , , ..Andwhen these things had
been done, men and women saw the god Ra upon the back ofthe cow. Then these men and
women said, "Remain with us, and we will overthrow thine enemies who speak words of
blasphemyagainstthee,and destroythem."
4e Thenhis Majesty, Ra, setoutfor theGreatHouse, andthegodswhowere inthetrainofRa
remained with the menandwomen; during that time the earthwas in darkness. And when the
earthbecame lightagain, and the morninghad dawned, the mencame forthwith theirbows and
theirotherweapons, andtheysettheirarms inmotiontoshoottheenemies ofRa.
4f Thensaid theMajestyofthis god, "Yourtransgressionsofviolenceare placed behindyou, for
the slaughtering ofthe enemies is above the slaughter ofsacrifice." Thus came into being the
slaughter ofenemies, And the Majesty ofthis god said untoNut, "I have p l c ~ d myselfupon my
backinordertostretchmyselfout."
4g AndtheMajestyof thisGodsaid, "Calltome thegod Djehuti," andonebroughtthegodto
him forthwith. And the Majesty ofthis god said unto Djehuti, "Letus departto a distance from
heaven, from myplace, because Iwould make lightandthegod oflightintheDuatandtheLand
ofGaves. You shall write down the things which are in it, and you shall punish those who are
sinful, that is to say, the workers who have worked iniquity(rebellion-unrighteousness). Through
theeIwill keep away from the servantswhomthis heartofmine loathes. You shallbe inmy place
AST1 (ast-throne or support), and you shall therefore be called, 0 Djehuti, the HASTI ofRa."
Moreover, I give thee power to send forth light. , ...;thereuponshall come into being the Ibis
(jcabi) bird of Djehuti. I moreover give thee "power" to lift up thine hcand before the two
Companiesofthegodswhoare betterthanyou, andwhatyou doshallbe fairer than(theworkof
thegod KHEN; therefore shall the divine bird ofDjehuti come intobeing. Moreover, Igive thee
power to embrace the two heavens with thy beauties and with thy rays oflight; therefore shall
come intobeingtheMoon-godofDjehutL Moreover, Igive thee powerto drive backtheHa-nebu
(unrighteous northerners); therefore shallcome intobeingthe dog-headed Ape(anal1) ofDjehuti,
and heshall act as governor for me. Moreover, you are now in my place inthe sight ofall those
who see thee andwho presentofferings to thee, andeverybeing shall ascribe praise unto thee, 0
youwhoareGod." '
74
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
of
le
,d
)r
e
y
Above: TheformsofRa
1
:l
1
Above:Thef0I111S OTS1U
Above:Thefonns ofGeb
75
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
Below: Thef
TheStoryofHetheruandDjehutit
4h Some say that Hetheru, the goddess ofbeauty, the eye ofRa, transformed herselfinto the
form ofa lioness or lynx and killed the evil people who plotted against the Lord ofAlL Having
killed all those who were evil, she forgot her true identity and became addicted to the taste of
humanblood. Shecontinuedtokill everyoneshecouldfind as sheroamedtheearth.Then,seeing
t ~ t humankindwould sooncome toanend, Ra sentthe messenger ofwisdom, Djehuti,tobring
his daughterback. StraightwayDjehutitransformedhimselfintoababoonandfound Hetheru.At
firstshe threatenedtodevourhimbuthe cleverlyenticed herintolistening tothedivine storiesof
gods and goddesses. He told her about Ra, her father and reminded her ofher beautiful human
form. Hespoke ofher glory as the Eye ofRa, andthe honorwhich the people ofEgyptbestowed
uponher. Graduallyher desire for blood and killing dwindled andshe began to desire to regain
herformer place as the mightygoddess ofbeautyandpassion.Thus, Djehutiledherbackto Egypt
andbacktoherrightful placeamongthepantheonofgods andgoddesses.
111111111 \
V TheEnnead:NinePrinciplesofCreation*'
5 In the beginning, there was the primeval ocean, Nu, and from it arose Ra. Upon his
emergencethis magnificent Godcreated all thatcame into beingfrom his ownselfandhe existed
withinhis creationas oneexistswithinone'sownbody. HeemanatedShuandTefnutandtheyin
turn gave rise to Nut and Geb. The goddess Nut and the god Geb were united in amorous
embracesince theyhad loved eachotherso deeplyfrom thebeginningoftime. Theirembracewas
soclose thatnootherlivingbeingcouldexistintheworld.
6 From their union Nutbecame pregnant, butRa had decreed that they should be separated
andthatNurcouldnotgive birthinanymonthoftheyear. Atthistimehe also decided to retreat
as an active participant in his creation and to abide in heaven wherein all who would seek him
mustgo. From this positionhe supports creation as he traverses inthe form ofthe sunmaking it
possiblefor life toexist andflourish. Inthe morninghe is knownas Kheper, atnoonheis known
as Raandatsunsetheis knownas Tern.
Above: TheS
created Djehuti, his ministerand messenger throughwhomhe, Ra, would manage andsustainhis
7 Also from here he witnesses all ofthe activities and events ofcreation. In his absence he
Mystically. 0
creation.
76
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
BeloW: The forms of Hetheru
Above: Hetheru as the scorching (right) eye ofRa.
Above: The Seven Hetherus (seven celestial cows) and the Bull of Heaven (Osiris) who provide sustenance to the initiate.
Mystically, Osiris is the spirit which manifests as creation through the seven levels of energy-consciousness.
From the Papyrus of Ani
77
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
8 Ra institutedhimselfas thesustainerofcreationduringtheday and illuminescreationas the
sun, 0, whilesettingDjehutiupintheform ofthebaboontowatchovercreationatnightas the
moon, .
TheBirthofAsarandAset
Havingbecomepregnantas aresultofhersexualunionwithGeb,Nutgave birthtoAsar, Set,
':;;;#et,Nebthet,Hetheru,Maat,andDjehuti.,
10 Djehuti,whobeingwise andcaringfor Nut,was able towintheseventiethpartofeachday
oftheyear andtohave these addedupandaddedtotheyear. These EpagomenalDays or"thefive
days over the year" he added to the three hundred and sixty days ofwhich the year formerly
consisted. These five days are to this day called the "Epagomenae," thatis, the "superadded", and
theyare observedas thebirthdaysofthegods. Onthefirst ofthesedays, Asarwas born,andas he
cameintotheworldavoicewas heardsaying, "The Lord of All, Nebertcher, is born."
lOa Uponthesecondofthese days was bornHerutheElder. UponthethirddaySetwas born,
who came intotheworld neitheratthe propertimenorby the rightway, buthe forced a passage
through awoundwhich he made inhis mother's side. Uponthefourth day Asetwas borninthe
marshes of Egypt, and upon the fifth day Nebthet was born. As regards the fathers of these
children, thefirsttwo aresaidtohave beenbegottenbyRa, AsetbyDjehuti, andSetandNebthet
by Geb. Therefore, since the third of the superadded days was the birthday ofSet, the kings
considered it to be unlucky and in consequence, they neither transacted any business in it, nor
evensufferedthemselvestotake anyrefreshmentuntiltheevening.
11 They further added that Set married Nebthet and that Aset and Asar, having a mutual
affection, enjoyed each otherin their mother's womb even before theywere born, and that from
this unionsprang Heru the Elder. Asar andAset gave birthto Heru, andAsar andNebthetgave
birthtoAnpu.
Top: Fonns
Thoth
Middle:FOI
Right:Forr
78
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
Ie
Ie
:t,
ly
d
1,
~ t
)r
~
n
Top:FonnsofDjehuti,alsoknownas
Thoth
Middle: Forms ofNeph1hys
Right:FormsofSet
79
,A
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
Asar:ThefirstKingofEgyptandTeacheroftheWorld
12 Asar, having become king ofEgypt, applied himselfto civilizing his countrymenby turning
them from their former indigent and barbarous course oflife. Aset discovered the use ofbarley
and wheat and Asar developed the cultivation process for these and established the custom of
offeringthefirstfruits to the neters. Hetaughtthemhowto cultivateandimprove thefruits ofthe
earth andhegave them a bodyoflaws wherebyto regulate theirconduct, and instructed them in
the reverenceandworshipwhich theywere topay to thegods. Withthesamegooddispositionh>
afterwards traveled over the rest ofthe world, inducing the people everywhere to submit to his
discipline, not indeed compelling them by force ofarms, but persuading them to yield to the
strength ofhis reasonswhichwere conveyed to them inthe mostagreeable manner, in hymnsand
songs, accompaniedwithinstrumentsofmusic.
THEANCIENTHISTORYOFASARANDASET
(Fromthe historyofDiodorusSiculus- 100BeE)
13 Thewise ones say thatthe Egyptians are colonists sentoutby the Ethiopians,Asar having
beenthe leader ofthecolony. For, speakinggenerally, what is now Egypt, they maintain, was not
land, butsea, when in the beginning the universe was being formed; afterwards, however, as the
Nile duringthe times ofits inundationcarried down the mudfrom Ethiopia, land was gradually
built up from the deposit...And the larger parts ofthe customs ofthe Egyptians are, they hold,
Ethiopian, the colonists still preserving their ancient manners. For instance, the beliefthat their
kingsaregods, theveryspecialattentionwhichtheypaytotheirburials,andmanyothermattersof
a similar nature, are Ethiopian practices, while the shapes oftheirstatues and the forms oftheir
letters are Ethiopian; for of the two kinds ofwriting which the Egyptians have, that which is
known as popular (demotic) is learned by everyone, while thatwhich is called sacred (hieratic) is
understood only by the priests ofthe Egyptians, who learnt it from their fathers as one ofthe
things which are not divulged, but among the Ethiopians, everyone uses these forms ofletters.
Furthermore, the orders ofthe priests, they maintain, have much the same position among both
peoples; for all are clean who are engaged in the service o ~ the gods, keeping themselves shaven,
like the Ethiopian priests, and haVing the same dress n d ~ form ofstaff which is shaped like a
plough and is carried by theirkings who wear high felt hatswhich end in a knob in the top and
arecircledbytheserpentswhichtheycall asps; andthissymbolappears-to carrythethoughtthatit
will be the lot who shall dare to attack the king to encounter death-carrying stings. Many other
things are told bythem concerning their own antiquity and the colony which they sentout that
becametheEgyptians...
TI
TheTra'
EURASIA (1
~
11
F
/
R
Zaire
I
C
11
Above: Am!:
the use ofth(
and spread t
Christianityi
80
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
N
The Travels of Osiris in Ancient Times
le
n
le
is
d
/
Zaire
EURASIA (WESTERN ASIA EUROPE)
s
A s A
MESOPOTAMIA
ClnNA
(J
NDIANOCEAN
ly
1,
ir
)f
Above: Amap ofNorth-eastAfrica, AsiaMinor and India, showingthe three mainlocationsof
the use ofthe ancient EgyptianAnkh symbol"and also the geographic areawhere Asartraveled
and spread the teachings ofmystical spirituality (Yoga) which later became associated with
ChristianityintheMiddleEast,RomeandGreece,andVedanta- YogainIndia.
ir
is
is
e
s.
h
1,
a
d
it
~
tt
81
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
AsarTravelstoIndia,theFarEastandEurope
14 Asar visited Ethiopia and established more cities there. From Ethiopia, he (Asar) passed
throughArabia, borderingupontheRedSeato as far as Indiaandtheremotestinhabitedcoasts;
hebuiltlikewise manycities inIndia,oneofwhichhecalledNysa,willingto haveremembranceof
that (Nysa) in Egypt where he was brought up. At this Nysa in India he planted ivy which
continues to grow there, but nowhere else in India or around it.. He left likewise many other
marks ofhis being in those parts, by which thelatter inhabitants are induced and do affirm that
this Godwas borninIndia. He likewise addicted himselfto the huntingofelephants, and took
care to have statues ofhimselfinevery place as lasting monuments ofhis expedition. From India
AsartraveledthroughtheHellespont
.into Europe and established cities there as well. He was a benefactor to the entire world and
discovered the right types of foods for people to eat. Along with his minister, Djehuti, he
establishedstandardsofjusticeandrighteousnessfor thewholeworldtofollow.
TheColumnsofAsarinArabia
15 There are Egyptian columns as far offas NYASA, Arabia...Aset andAsar led an army into
India,tothesourceoftheGanges, andas faras theIndusOcean.
Aset(Aset): QueenofEgypt
16 During one of Asar' absences from his kingdom, Set had no opportunity to make
innovations inthestatebecauseAsetwas extremelyvigilantinthegovernmentofthe countryand
always upon her guard and watchful for any irregularity or unrighteousness. Aset took to the
mystic arts of the study ofwisdom and the practice of meditation. She meditated on Ra and
obtainedthewisdom oflife from himand thus became as greatas Rain powerandglory, having
discoveredhis mostsecretandsacredname.Thisis knownas thestoryofRaandAset.:!:
16a UponAsar' return from touring the world and carrying the teachings ofwisdom abroad
there was merriment and rejoicing throughout the land. However, one day after Asar' return,
throughhislackofvigilance, became intoxicated andsleptwithSet'swife, Nebthet. Nebthet, as a
resultofthisunionwithAsar,begotAnpu.
I-
tl
s:
fl
"...1
01
Rbove the
pertRlO'O!
observed
miod, mR
Rod ReeOl
/'he!
Aod hotul
s;nioeis
tThehiJ
Am.H
82
I
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
)assed
:oasts;
1ce of
iV'hich
other
that
took
[ndia
and
, he
into
ake
ll1d
the
nd
.ng
ad
'1'1,
a
Heru The Child, sitting on
the primeval Lotus which
symbolizes creation rising
from theprimevalocean.
/I Jor the o"e 'shtlng Above the lotus-blossom' expresses en1gmAticAU!f An eXAltAtion
Above the slime, And likewise denotes spintuAI And emp!friAI' supremAc!f, Jorever!fthin,
pertA1ning to the lotusr both the forms in the leAves And the RppeRrRnce ofthe seed, is
observed to be circulAr. 7bis ve.r!f energ!f is Rkin to the uni'Jue circle-like motion of the
mind, mAnifestin, it in like mAnner Aecording to the SAme forms, in Asingle ArrAngement,
And Rccording to one principle.
7begod hlmself, however, isseAted Alone, Above An!f such dominion or eoerJ!f' RUJust
Rnd hol21' fllled AbundAnd211 Rnd remAining in himself without chAn,e, RS the ",ureofone
Sluing isintended to signif21'"
-lamblichus,EgyptianInitiate(circa 250-330AGE.)
'Thehighestreachesofheaven,believedbythe ancientsto be arealmofpurefire orlight.
Am. HeritageDic.
83
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
TheIncarnationandPassionoftheSpirit:TheDeath,
DismembermentandResurrectionofAsar
(FromtheGreektextentitled:TheHistoryof AsetandAsar)
TheMurderofAsar
16b Set,whowas alreadyfull ofjealousyandgreed,wantingtobereveredandlovedas Asarwas,
anddesiringtobethekingofall Egypt, becameevenmoreangryandhatefultowardsAsar. Having
first persuadedseventy-two otherpeople tojoinwithhim ina conspiracyagainstAsar, Setformed
.a crafty plottokill Asar. Forhaving privatelytakenthemeasure ofthe bodyofAsar, he caused a
chesttobemadeofexactlythesamesize, anditwasverybeautifulandhighlydecorated.Thischest
hebroughtintoacertainbanquetingroomwhereitwas
greatly admired by all who were present, and Set, as ifin jest, promised to give it to that man
whose body, when tried, would be found to fit it. Thereupon thewhole company, one after the
other,wentintoit, butitdidnotfitanyofthem;lastofallAsarhimselflaydowninit. Thereupon
all theconspiratorsranto thechestandclappedthecoveruponit, andthentheyfastened itdown
with nails on the outside and poured melted lead over it. Theynext took the chest to the river
whichcarried ittothe sea throughtheTanaiticmouthoftheNile; andfor this reasonthismouth
oftheNile is stillheldintheutmostabomination.
17 Assoonas thereportreachedAset, she immediatelycutoffoneofthelocks ofherhairand

putonmourningapparelinthatveryplacewhereshehappenedtobe; forthisreasontheplacehas
ever since been called "Koptos," or the "city of mourning, and deprivation." After this she
wanderedroundaboutthroughthecountry,beingfull ofdisquietudeandperplexity,searchingfor
the chest, and she inquired ofevery person she met, including some children whom she saw,
whethertheyknewwhathasbecomeofit.
18 Now, itso happenedthatthese childrenhadseenwhatSet'saccomplices haddonewiththe
body, andtheyaccordinglytoldherbywhatpartofthemouthoftheNile ithadbeenconveyedto
thesea. Aset meanwhile, havingbeen informedthatAsar, deceived byhersisterNebthetwhowas
in love with him, had unwittingly enjoyed her instead of herself, as she concluded from the
melilot-garland whichhehad leftwith her, made it herbusiness likewise to search outthe child,
thefruit ofthisunlawful union, for hersister, dreadingthe angerofherhusbandSet, had hidden
itas soonitwasborn.
19 Accordingly, after muchpains and difficulty, by means ofsome dogs thatconducted herto
the place where it was, she found it and bred it up, and in the process oftime it became her
constant guard and attendant, and obtained the name ofAnpu, and it has come about that it
watches andguardsthegodsas dogs domen.
20 AtlengthAsetreceived moreparticular news thatthechesthadbeencarriedbythewavesof
theseatothecoastofByblos, andtheregentlylodged inthebranchesofabushoftamarisk, which
inashorttimehadgrownup intoa large andbeautifultreeandhadgrown aroundthechestand
enclosed it on every side so completely that it was not to be seen. Moreover, the king of the
country, amazed atits unusualsize andthefragrant aromaofthe tree, had itcutdown andmade
that part ofthe trunk wherein the chest was concealed, into a pillar to support the roofofhis
house.
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
Asar
Below: Hem as the Hawk from the
Temple at Ombos. Nubia, Africa.
85
I
)assed
:oasts;
leeof
hich
other
that
took
[ndia
and
, he
into
ake
md
the
nd
.ng
ad
a
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
Heru The Child, sitting on
the primeval Lotus whim
symbolizes creation rising
from theprimevalocean.
/IJor the One 'sirrino Above the lotus-blossom' expresses e"iomAtieAll, An eXAltAt1o"
Rbove the slime, A,,1t likewise Itenotes spirituAl Anlt emp,riAI'" supremAc" Jorever,thino
pertAinino to the lotus, both the forms in the leAves Anlt the AppeArAnce of the seelt, is
observelt to be eirculAr. 7his ver' enero, is Akin to the unique circle-like motion of the
minlt, mAnifestino it in like mAnner Aecorltlno to the SAme forms, in Asingle AnA"oement,
Rnlt Aeeorltino to one pri"eiple.
7heoolt himself, however, isseAtelt Alone, Above An, such Itominion or enero" AUoust
R,,1t hoI" fillelt AbunltAntl" Anlt remAinino in himself without ehAnoe, AS the fioure ofone
sirrino isi"te"ltelt to sionif!J."
-Iamblichus,EgyptianInitiate(circa 250-330AC.E.)
"'Thehighestreachesofheaven,believedbytheancientstobearealmofpurefire orlight.
Am. HeritageDie.
83
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
TheIncarnationandPassionoftheSpirit:TheDeath,
DismembermentandResurrectionofAsar
(FromtheGreektextentitled:TheHistoryof AsetandAsar)
TheMurderofAsar
16b Set,whowas alreadyfull ofjealousyandgreed,wantingtobereveredandlovedasAsarwas,
anddesiringtobethekingofall Egypt, becameevenmoreangryandhatefultowardsAsar. Having
first persuadedseventy-two otherpeople tojoinwithhim in aconspiracyagainstAsar, Setformed
a craftyplottokill Asar. For having privatelytakenthemeasure ofthe bodyofAsar, he caused a
chesttobemadeofexactlythesame itwasverybeautifulandhighlydecorated.Thischest
hebroughtintoacertainbanquetingroomwhereitwas
greatly admired by all who were present, and Set, as if in jest, promised to give it to that man
whose body, when tried, would be found to fit it. Thereupon the whole company, one after the
other,wentintoit, butitdidnotfitanyofthem;lastofallAsar himselflaydown init. Thereupon
allthe conspiratorsran tothechestandclappedthecoveruponit, andthentheyfastened itdown
with nails on the outside and poured melted lead over it. Theynext took the chest to the river
whichcarried ittotheseathroughtheTanaiticmouthoftheNile; andfor this reasonthis mouth
oftheNile is stillheldintheutmostabomination.
17 As soonas thereportreachedAset, she immediatelycutoffoneofthelocks ofherhairand
a
putonmourningapparelinthatveryplacewhereshehappenedtobe; for thisreason theplacehas
ever since been called "Koptos," or the "city of mourning, and deprivation." After this she
wanderedroundaboutthroughthecountry,beingfull ofdisquietudeandperplexity,searchingfor
the chest, and she inquired ofevery person she met, including some children whom she saw,
whethertheyknewwhathasbecomeofit.
18 Now, itso happenedthatthese childrenhadseenwhatSet'saccomplices haddonewiththe
body, andtheyaccordinglytoldherbywhatpartofthemouthoftheNile ithadbeenconveyedto
thesea.Aset meanwhile, havingbeeninformedthatAsar, deceived by hersisterNebthetwhowas
in love with him, had unwittingly enjoyed her instead of herself, as she concluded from the
.-melilot-garlandwhich he hadleft with her, made itherbusiness likewise to search outthe child,
thefruitofthisunlawful union, for hersister; dreadingtheangerofherhusbandSet, hadhidden
itas soonitwasborn.
19 Accordingly, after muchpains and difficulty, by means ofsome dogs that conducted herto
the place where it was, she found it and bred it up, and in the process oftime it became her
constant guard and attendant, and obtained the name ofAnpu, and it has come about that it
watchesandguardsthegodsas dogs domen.
20 AtlengthAsetreceived moreparticular news thatthechesthadbeencarriedbythewaves of
theseatothecoastofByblos, andtheregentlylodgedinthebranchesofabushoftamarisk,which
in ashorttimehadgrownup intoa large andbeautifultree andhadgrown aroundthechestand
enclosed it on every side so completely that it was not to be seen. Moreover, the king ofthe
country, amazed atits unusualsize andthefragrantaromaofthetree, had itcutdownand made
that part ofthe trunk wherein the chest was concealed, into a pillar to support the roof ofhis
house.
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
Asar
Below: Heru as the Hawk from the
Temple at Ombos, Nubia, Africa.
85 .
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
AsetFindsTheBodyofAsar
21 These things, theysay, havingbeenmadeknowntoAsetinanextraordinarymannerby the
reportofdivinespirits, she immediatelywenttoByblos, where, settingherselfdownby theside of
a fountain, she refused to speak to anybodyexcept the queen's womenwho chanced to be there.
These, however, she saluted and caressed in the kindest manner possible, plaiting their hair for
them, and transmitting into them partofthatwondertul odorwhich issued from her ownbody.
Thisraised agreat desire inthe queen, their mistress, to see thestranger who had this admirable
faculty oftransfusing so fragrant a smell from herselfinto the hairandskin ofother people. She
thereforesentforAsettocometotheroyal court, andafterafurtheracquaintancewithher, made
hernursetooneofhersons.
22 Aset nursed the childbygiving it her finger to suckinstead ofthebreast. She likewise put
him each night into the fire in order to consume his mortal part, whilst, having transformed
herselfintoaswallow, shecircledroundthe,pillar andbemoanedhersadfate. Thisshe continued
to do for some time, till the queen, who stood watching her, observing the child to be all ofa
flame, cried out and broke the spell which was transforming him from a mortal being into
immortal, andtherebydeprivedhimofsomeofthatimmortalitywhichwouldotherwisehavebeen
conferreduponhim. Thegoddess then made herselfknown. She revealed hertrue identityto the
queen and related to her the story ofher husband Asar. She then asked that the pillar which
supportedtheroofoftheirhouse mightbegiven toher. Realizingthe natureofherbeingandthe
truthofherstory, thekingandqueenimmediatelyagreedtogiveAsetthepillar.
AsetRetrievesTheBodyofAsarandReturnstoEgypt
23 Havingtakenthe pillar down, she cut ~ openeasily, and taking outwhatshe wanted, she
wrapped up the remainderofthe trunkin fine linenand poured perfumed oil over it. Thenshe
delivered it again into the hands ofthe king and queen. Now, this piece ofwood is to this day
preserved inthetemple andworshippedby thepeopleofByblos.Whenthiswas done,Aset threw
herselfuponthechest, andmadeatthesametimesuchloudandterriblecriesoflamentationover
itthattheyoungeroftheking'ssonswhoheardherwas frightened outofhislife. Buttheelderof
them she tookwith her, and set sail with the chest for Egypt. Now, it being morning, the river
Phaedrussentforthakeenandchillyair, andbecomingangryshedriedupitscurrent.
24a Aset retreated to the papyrus swamps where, with the assistance ofthe goddess Arat or
Uatchet, theUraeus, she was able to find safety. Thecrocodile God, Sebek, assisted inprotecting
\
Asarbycarryinghimonhisback. '
TI
Above: Tl-
thetemple
TheKinghan,
86
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHAND ENLIGHTENMENT
le
of
"e.
or
Iy.
lIe
1e
:.Ie
lit
Above: The body of Osi ris grows in10 a tree. (From a bas relief at
ed
the temple ofDenderah) .
ed
.
"a
Lto
en
he
eh
he
he

he =
lay
ew
ver


of


ITer
or
ing
The King hands over the Djed Pillar to Aset - Temple of Seti I
87
25
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
24b Atthefirstplacewhereshestopped,andwhenshebelievedthatshewas alone, sheopened
thechest,andlayingherface uponthatofherdeadhusband,sheembracedhimandweptbitterly.
Then,seeingthatthelittleboyhadsilentlystolenupbehindher, andhadfoundoutthereasonof
hergrief, she turned uponhim suddenly, andin her angergave him so fierce andterrible a look
thathefell intothesea. Afterwards hereceivedthegreatesthonoronaccountofthegoddess.Aset
laid over Asar' dead body and conceived a son, Heru (Heru), and gave birth to him with the
assistance oftheGods DjehutiandAmon(Amun). Uponhis birth, the gods Saaand Huandthe
goddessesUatchitandNekhebetpresentedlife andsovereigntytothesonofAset.
A HYMN TOASET
A
(FromanAncientEgyptianRelief
(2,4001,400B.C.E.),nowintheLouvre.)
Oh benevolent Aset, who protected her brother Asar, who searched for him without
wearying, who traversed the land in mourning and never rested until she had found him.
She who afforded him shadow with her wings and gave him air with her feathers, who
rejoicedandcarriedherbrotherhome.
She who revived whatwas faint for the weary one, who received his seed andconceived an
heir, andwhonourishedhiminsolitudewhilenooneknewwherehewas....
I amyoursisterAset. There is noothergod orgoddess who has donewhat I have done. I
played the partofa man, although I am awoman, to letyour name live onearth, for your
divineseedwas inmybody.
TheDismembermentofTheBodyofAsar
OSiT;" inthe eh'
26 WhenAset had come to her son Heruwho was being reared at Buto, she deposited the they sat in
fifteenth da
chestinaremote andunfrequented place. Onenight however, whenSetwas huntingby thelight on bis back
ofthe moon, he came upon itby chance, andrecognizing thebodywhichwas enclosed in it, he
toreitintoseveralpieces, fourteen inall, andscatteredthemindifferentplacesallovertheworld.
27 The fourteen members feet, bones, arms, heart, interior, tongue, eyes, fists,
fingers, back, ears, loins, andbody.
88
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT

[yo
of
)k
et
le
le
Anubis, underthedirectionofThoth,reconstitutingthe bodyofOsiris with thehelpof
the Frog-goddesslJeqet. Nephthyssitsatthe headofthebier andIsisatthefoOt.
Below: AttmplereliefofSebek
RelieffromKom Ombo,Nubia,Africa
Osiris in lite or the "godof the uplirted arm," and H.rpvkratesas
t.hey sat In the dISk of,the moon, f(orn the thirddayof the new moon until the
fifte"ntb day. BelowIS tbe Crocodilegod Sebek bearing themummy ofthegod
on hIS back. Tothe leftstands his.
Froma hasretiefatPhilae.
89
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
;cenesoftheresurrectionofOsirisfromtheTempleofDenderaJ Scenes oj
,
Lef;
RightAsar Iy ingir
Asarlyingona funeralbierasAsetam
Nebthet bokon
HOrtE presentirg;"'L:otus FbwerTo Asar
Asar, ithyphallic, wearingtheAtei'
crovvn, with AsetamHeru.
AsarlyingonafuneralberasAset,at the
foot,amNebthet,atthe head, 100kon.
Asar, ithyphallic,withtrevulturegoddess
atthefootamtheUraeus glddess
Uatchetatthehead.
:No. lll.
Asar,ithwhallk:, beingwatchedoverby
threehawks,a frogheaded Heru, Aset, Rathorkneels bd
Aset(swal bw-hav
BebwaleDjehuti .
thetw(
two apes andtwo snakegoddesses.
Asarlying inhis chestwithIsis at his head, '
andAsarin trefonnoftheDjed Pillarlooks
onholdingcrook andHal 1
'\sarlyingona funeral bierasArpuembalms
him.
Asaras ahawkheaded munmywiththree
trees belowhis bi.:r.
Asarlyingonafuneralbieras Aset, attrefoot,and
Nebthet,at the read,lookon. Belowarethecanopic
jars intheformofthefoursons ofHorus.
As Ill' rising as Is is I.
Asarlyirgonafuneralberas Aset,atthefoot, andNebthet,atthe
lookon.Aboveis ahawk.
90
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
Scenes oftheresurrectionofOsiris fromtheTempleofDenderah
Left:Asar risingupattrecommand ofReru.
RightAsar lying in his bier, at trehead ofwhichis apersea tree. Abovethe
tree is hissoul.
overby
,Aset, Hathor kneelsbelbreAsar,who is conceivingHoruswith
sses. Ase!(swal a<; the fi'og-fPd atthefootlookson.
BebwareDjehuti who is holdill5theUtchat(EyeofHeru),
thetwoselpentgoddessesandBes.
his head, .
illarlooks
l
Asarri<; ingas Is is looksonattreread ofthebier. Bebware
his crowns.
Heru, AsetandNebtretraiseupthepillarofAsar, andraise
Asarhimself.
AnpuaddressingAsar lyingonafuneral bierasAsetand Heru,at trefoot,
ani Nebthet,atthe head, bokon.Til:: swal.ow-hawkhovers above.
At left, Asaris risinga<; Isis .ookson
Atright,AsarkneelsonaboatatthereadofwhiihareaLotus pbntand a
Papyn.s plant(Upperand LowerEgypt). TheboatsIs onasledgewhich is
supported bytwo invertedLotuses symbolsoftremorning,thedawn,which
bringsnewlife.
91
30
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
The ForThePiecesofThebodyOfAsar
28 WhenAsetknewwhathadbeendone, shesetout,alongwithAnpuandNebthet, insearch
ofthe scattered portions of her husband's body, and in order to pass more easily through the
lower, marshy parts ofthe country, she made use ofa boat made ofthe papyrus plant. For this
reason, they say, either fearing the anger of the goddess, or else venerating the papyrus, the
crocodile never injures anyone who travels in this sortofvessel. Notwithstandingall her efforts,
Asetwas neverabletodiscoverthephallusofAsarwhichwas byafish..
Above: .
29 Thus,Aset,Anpu,andNebthet,withthehelpoftheSerpentgodNehebka, re-membered the
pieces, all except the phallus which was eaten by the fish. In this way, assisted by the words of
power ofAset, Asar was reconstituted. Following this, he became the ruler in the realm ofthe
dead,thebeautifulWest,the AmentaorDuat.
AHYMNTOANPU:
.FromTheBookofComingForthByDay,ThePyramidTexts and
TheShabakaInscription)
"0Apuat, openeroftheways, theroadsoftheNorth,0 Anpu,openeroftheways, the
roads ofthe South. The messenger between heaven and hell, displaying alternately a face
blackas night,andgoldenas theday. Heis equallywatchfulbydayasbynight."
"MayAnpumakemythighsfirm sothatImaystanduponthem".
AHYMNTOHERU
(FromthehieroglyphictextTheDeathofHeru)
"HERU is the savior who was brought to birth, as light in heaven and sustenance on
earth. Heruinspirit,verilydivine, whocametoturnthewaterintowine. Heruwho gave his
life, andsov.;ed theseedfor mentomakethebreadoflife indeed. Heru, thecomforter, who
diddescendinhumanfashion as theheavenlyfriend. Heru, theword, thefounder inyouth,
Heru, thefulfiller ofthewordmadetruth. Heru,the Lord andleaderinthefight againstthe
darkpowers ofthenight. Heru, thesuffererwithcross boweddown, whorose atEasterwith
his double crown. Heru the pioneer, who paved the way ofresurrection to the eternal day.
Herutriumphantwiththebattledone, Lordoftwoworlds, unitedandmadeone."
92
Above:
begettin,
headof:
Heqet.
Abov,
Horm
cause:
atthe
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
TheBirthofReru
His sister[Aser] prorected him [Asar], dri'loing offhis
Irch
enemies,turning aside evil happenings with thespells
the
of her mouth, the weighty utterances ofher tongue,
the infallibilityofher speech, and dle effectiveness of
this
her command and word. Aset dle enchantress, the
the avenger ofher brother [Asar], sought him untiringly,
and tra1.eled about over this earth sorrowing, and
)rts,
rested not until she had fOlUld him. She produced
warmthfrom her hair, shecaused air to come by [the
beating of] herwing;, and she uttered doleful cries for
Above: Aset, prayingoverthe coffinofAsar.
the
of
the
Above: Aset, intheformofahawkoverthebodyofAsar, is
begettingHembyAsar. Thesecondhawkis Nebthet. Atthe
headofthebiersitsHethem,and atthefoot,thefroggoddess
Heqet.
Above: After beingresurrectedbyAsetandbegetting
Horus, OsirisbecomestheUfeForceenergywhich
causesall things innaturetogrow.(From aBasRelief
atthe TempleofAsetat Philea)
her brother. She caused movement to take place in
whatwas inertin thestilIheart(L e. dledeadAsar),she
drewessence from him, she madeflesh andblood,she
suckled [lerl babe in loneliness, no man knowing
where he was. TIle child grew up, his hand became
III ighty in the House ofGeb (i.e. the eardl), and the
Companyofthegodsandgo ddessesrejoiced greatlyatv'
the coming ofHem, the son ofAsar, established of
mind, trueofvoice, sonofAset, heirof A,sar." (From a
steleinParis.)
Abo\e: Aset (representing the creation) and the dead body of
Asar(represeIting the spirit, tintessence whchvivifies matter)
are shown in symbolic menbegetting Heru.Hern represents
tre birth ofthe spirrual life in every human: the birth ofthe
soul(Ba) in ahuman is the birth ofHeru, \'A1o is an ilcamation
oflheSupreme Being(Osiris).
F10maSteleatthe British Museum 1372. 13thDyn.
"
93
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
31 Herusays:
"Iam thehawkinthetabernacle, andIpiercethroughtheveiL"
TheDeathandResurrectionofHeru
32 Forabrieftime after he found them,SetimprisonedAset.Asetsaid: "I amAset, and1have
come forth from the prisonwherein my brotherSetplaced me. Beholdthegod Djehuti, the great
god, theChiefofMaat, bothinheaven andonthe earth, said untome, 'Comenow, 0 Aset, thou
goddess, moreover itis agoodthing to hearken, forthereis life to onewhoshallbeguidedbythe
advice ofanother. Hide yourselfwith your son the child, and there shall come unto him these
things. Hismembersshallgrow, andtwo-foldstrengthofeverykindshallspringupinhim.Andhe
shall be made totake his seatupon the throne ofhis father, whom he shall oneday redeem, and
heshalltakepossessionoftheexaltedpositionofruleroftheTwoLands.' "
The ori
33 Aset said: "I came forth from the prison at the time ofevening, andthere came forth the
antiquity. :
SevenScorpionswhichwere to accompanyme and protectme. Twoscorpions,Tefen andBefen,
Conceptior
were behindme, two scorpions, MestetandMestetef,were by myside, andthreescorpions, Petet,
Lord" appe
Thetet, and Maatet, were for preparing the road for me. I charged them very strictly, and my
The figure
words penetratedintotheirears, 'Havenoknowledgeof theTesherubeings, andpaynoattention
templeofr
to anyonewhobelongethto amanofno account; letyourfaces beturnedtomaketolive againhim
ofthewore
thatwas free from fault.' "
the role of
(Hem). In
34 Fleeing from dangerwithnocertainplace togo,Asetcameuponthe houseofawomanand
along with
asked for shelter. This woman slammed the door in the face ofAset. As a punishment for her
scene (B),
disrespect, one ofthe scorpions who was protectingAsetandHeru forced its way into the lady's
following s
houseandstungherchildtodeath.Asettookpityonthis poorwomanwhosecries oflamentation
The next s
were so full ofpain.ThenAsetused certainwords of powerwhich shehadlearntfrom her father
hidden Ho:
.andrestoredthechildbacktolife.
giftswitht:
35 Thereupon1cried out to the noble lady, "Come to me. Come to me. Verilymy mouth
This set
possesses life. I am adaughterwell-known in her town, and I can destroythedemon ofdeathby
is ag o ~
the utterances which my father taught me toknow. I am his daughter, thebeloved offspring of
ofGod. Th
hisbody."ThenAsetplacedhertwohandsonthechildinordertomaketolive himwhose throat
heritage an
was stopped.
and [my] i
gods?' ", f
36 Aset said: "0poison ofthe scorpionTefent, come forth andappear onthe ground! You
shall neither enter nor penetrate further into the body ofthe child. 0 poison ofthe scorpion
Befent,comeforth andappearontheground! 1amAset, thegoddess, theladyofwordsofpower,
and I am the maker ofwords of power and I know how to utter words with magical effect.
Hearkenye untome, 0 every reptile which possesses the power to bite, and fall headlong to the
ground! 0 poison of the scorpion Mestet, make no advance into his body. 0 poison of the
scorpionMestetef, rise notupinhis body. 0 poisonofthescorpions PetetandThetet, penetrate
notintohisbody. 0 poisonofthescorpionMartet,fall downontheground."
94
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
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TheAnnunciationofTheBirthofHeru
The origins ofthe transcendental themes ofChristianity reach far into ancient Egyptian
antiquity. In the New Testament Book ofMatthew 1:20-23, the story ofthe Annunciation,
Conception, BirthandAdorationofthe child, Jesus, is presented. It tells howthe "angelofthe
Lord" appearstoJoseph,informinghimthathiswifeMaryispregnantbytheHolySpiritofGod.
The figure above is a drawing ofthe image engraved in the Holy ofHolies orMesken, in the
templeofLuxor(5,500-1,700BCE). Inthefirst scene(A) atleft,thegodDjehuti,thetransmitter
oftheword (logos), is depictedinthe actofannouncingto queenMut-em-Ua(whohas assumed
the role ofAset) that she will give birth to the child who will be the righteous, divine heir
(Heru). Inthe nextscene(B) Knum(Kueph), theramheadedgod(also associatedwithAmun),
along with Hathor, provide her with the Life Force (spirit) through two Ankhs. In this same
scene (B), tlre virgin is pictured as becoming pregnant (conceiving) through that spirit. In the
following scene(C), the motheris beingattendedtowhilethechildisbeingsupportedbynurses.
The next scene (D) is the Adoration whereinthe child is enthroned and adored by Amun, the
hidden Holy Spirit behind all creation, and three menbehind him (Amun) who offer boons or
giftswiththerighthand(openfacingup)andetemallifewiththeleft(holdingtheAnkh).
This setofscenes atteststo the deepersignificanceofthevirginbirthmystery. Everymother
is agoddess andevery childis aproductormixtureofCreationorphysicalnature andthe spirit
ofGod. Throughthismetaphor,we aretounderstandthateachhumanbeinghasadivineorigin,
heritage andbirthright. Therefore, itis clearto seethemeaningofthe Christianstatements: "I
and [my} Father are one. H, "Jesus answered them, 'Is it not written in your law that ye are
gods?! H, fromJohn 10:30and34,respectively.
95
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
37 AndAset, the goddess, thegreat mistress ofwords ofpower, she who is atthe head ofthe
gods, untowhomthegod Gebgave his own magical spellsfor thedrivingaway ofpoisonatnoon-
day, andfor makingpoisontogo back, andretreat, andwithdraw, andgo backward,spake,saying,
"Ascend notintoheaven, through the command ofthe beloved one ofRa, the egg ofthe Smen
goose which cometh forth from the sycamore. Verily my words are made to command the
uttermostlimitofthenightIspeakuntoyou, 0 scorpions, Iamalone and insorrowbecause our
names will suffer disgrace through out the names. Do not make love, do not cryout to the
Tesherufiends; andcastnoglancesuponthe nobleladiesintheirhouses.Turnyourfaces towards
the earthandfind so thatwe may arrive atthe hiddenplaces inthe town ofKhebt. Ohthechild
shall live andthe poisondie! Ra, liveth andthe poisondieth! VerilyHemshallbe ingood health
for his mother Aset. Verily he who is stricken shall be in good case likewise," And the fire was
extinguished, andheavenwassatisfiedwiththeutteranceofAset, thegoddess.
38 "La, abread-cake madeofbarleymealshalldrive outthepoison, andnatronshallmakeitto
withdraw,andthefire madeofhetchet-plantshalldriveoutfever-heatfromthelimbs."
39 Thewomanwas filled withsuchgratitudethatshegave toAsetall kindsofthingswhichshe
hadinthehouseandofferedhershelter.
~ 40 A shorttime passed and it happened that Hemwas stungby ascorpion, not one ofthose
( which were in the service ofAset, but one which had been sent by Set to kill Heru. Heru died ,
then, while Aset had gone to perform a religious e r e ~ o n y in honor ofAsar when the gods
brought her the terrible news. "0Aset, 0 Aset, come tothy Heru, 0 you, woman ofthe wise
mouth! Come tothyson", thuscriedthegods who dwelt inherquarterofthe town, "forhe is as
onewhomascorpionhasstung,andlike onewhomthescorpionUhat,whichtheanimal Antesh
r drove away, haswounded."
41 Shereturnedimmediatelyandfound Heruwithastingfreshwithpoison, hisskindiscolored
and froth coming from his mouth. Aset began to utter lamentations from deep within herself.
ThenAset ran outlike onewho had a knife stuck in herbody, and she opened herarms saying:
"Beholdme,beholdme, mysonHeru, have nofear, havenofear, 0 sonmyglory! Noevilthingof
anykindwhatsoever shall happenuntothee, for thereis intheethefluid-essence which made the
thingswhichexist.You arethesonfrom thecountryofMesqet(otherworld),youhavecome forth
from the celestial waters Nu, and you shall notdie bythe heatofthe poison. You are the Great
Bennu,bornonthe top ofthebalsam-treeswhich are intheHouse oftheAged One inAnu.You
are the brotherofthe Abut Fish, who orders what is to be, andare the nursling ofthe Catwho
dwelleth intheHouse ofNeith. Thegoddess Reret, thegoddess Hat, and the god Bes protectthy
members. Thyhead shall notfall to the Tchat fiend that attacketh thee. Thy members shall not
receive the fire ofthatwhich is thypoison.You shallnotgo backwards ontheland, andyou shall
notbe broughtIowanthe water. No reptilewhichbites shall gain the masteryover thee, andno
lionshallsubduethee orhavedominionover thee.Youarethesonofthesublimegod (Asar)who
proceeded from Geb. You are Hem,andthepoisonshall notgainthemasteryoverthymembers.
You are the son ofthe sublime god who proceeded from Geb, and thus likewise shall it be with
thosewhoare undertheknife.Andthefouraugustgoddessesshallprotectthymembers."
96
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
e
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1
e
r
e
s
::1
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s
)
e Nekhebitand Humakinghomagetothe sonof Aset
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e
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Above:Thebirth ofHorus. Isisis assisted by Djehuti and Amun.
1
97
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
42 "I am he whorolleth up into the sky, and who setteth in the Duat, whose form is in the
HouseofHeight, throughwhomwhenheopenethhis Eye, thelightcomethintobeing, andwhen
heclosethhis Eye, itbecomethnight. I am theWater-god, Het;whenhegivethcommands,whose
name is unknowntothegods.I illuminetheTwo Lands, nightbetakethitselftoflight, andI shine
byday andby night. I amtheBullofBakha, thelandoftheEastandtheLionofManu, the land
ofthe West. I am hewho traverseth the heavens by day and by night without beingrepulsed. I
have corne by reason ofthe voice ofthe son ofAset.Verilythe blindserpentNa has bitten the
Bull. 0 you, poison which floweth through every member ofhim that is under the knife, come
forth, I charge thee, upontheground. Behold,hethqt is undertheknifeshall notbebitten. You
areMenu, theLordofCoptos, thechildoftheWhiteShatwhichis inAnu,whichwas bittenbya
reptile. 0 Menu, Lord ofCoptos, give thou air untohimthatis undertheknife, and airshallbe
giventothee."
43 "I amAset,whoconceivedachildbyherhusband,andbecameheavywithHem,theDivine.
I gave birthto Hem, thesonofAsar, ina nestofpapyrus plants. I rejoiced exceedingly over this,
becauseI saw inhim onewhowouldmake answer for his father. I hidhim, andI concealed him
throughfear ofthatevil one, Set. I wentaway to the cityofAm, whereinthe people gave thanks
for me even through their fear ofmy bringing trouble for them. 1passed the day in seeking to
providefood for the child, and on returningto take Hem into my anns, I found him, Hem, the
beautiful oneofgold, the boy, thechild,withoutlife. Hehadbedewed the groundwiththewater
ofhis eye, andwithfoam from hislips. Hisbodywas motionless, hisheartwas powerless to move,
andthe muscles ofhis members were helpless. I sentforth a cry: 'I, evenI lacka sontostand up
for me. Mytwo breasts are full tooverflowing, butmybodyis empty.' Mymouthwished for that
whichconcernedhim: A cisternofwaterandastreamof theinundationwasL Thechildwas the
desire of myheart, andIlongedtoprotecthim. 1carriedhim inmywomb, Igave birthtohim, I
enduredtheagonyofthebirthpangs,I was all alone, andthegreatoneswereafraidofdisasterand
to come outatthe sound ofmy voice. My father is in the Duat(OtherWorld), my mother is in
Aqert(OtherWorld),andmyelderbrotheris inthesarcophagus.Thinkoftheenemyandofhow
prolongedwas the wrath ofhis heartagainst me, when I, the greatladywas inhis house. Icried
then,saying, 'Whoamongthepeoplewill indeedlettheirhearts comeroundto me?' I cried then
tothosewho dwelt inthe papyrus swamps, andtheyinclined tomestraightway. Andthe people
carne forth to me from their houses, and they thronged about me atthe soundormy voice, and
they loudly bewailed with me the greatness ofmy affliction. There was no man there who set
restraint on his mouth, every person among them lamented with great lamentation. TIlere was
nonetherewhoknewhowtomakemychildtolive."
44 Asetsaid: "Hem is bitten, the heir ofheaven, the sonofUnefer is bitten, the child ofthe
gods, he who was wholly uncorrupt, is bitten! He for whose wants I provided, he who was to
avenge his father, is bitten! He for who I cared andsufferedwhen hewas being fashioned in my
womb is bitten! Hewhom I tended so thatI mightgaze upon him, is bitten! He for whose life I
prayedfor is bitten! Calamityhasovertakenthechildandhehasperished."
Aset
Above:At
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for
98

Q {O

THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBIRTH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
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MMNI.. <:::> r=::::l :!IJtP
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Above:Aportionofthetextfrom thelegendoftheDeathofHorus.It reads:
t
"1 amAset, and Ihave come forth from the prisonwherein my brotherSetplaced
me. Behold, the god Djehuti, the greatgod, the ChiefofMaatbothinheavenand
on the earth, said unto me, "Come now, 0 Aset, thou goddess, moreover it is a
goodthingtohearken, for there is life to onewhoshallbeguidedbythe advice of
another. Hide yourselfwith your son, the child, and there shall come unto him
these things. His members shall grow, and two-fold strength ofevery kind shall
spring up in him. And he shall be made to take his seat upon the throne ofhis
father, whomheshallonedayredeem, andheshalltake possession ofthe exalted
positionofruleroftheTwoLands."
"Asetsays: "1 cameforthfrom theprisonatthetimeofevening,andtherecame
forththeSevenScorpionswhichweretoaccompanymeandprotectme."
99
RESURRECTING OSIRIS 1
45 As Aset was uttering these words, the goddess Nebthetwho was also mourning over her
nephew Heru came upon the Scorpion Goddess Serqet (Selket). Serqet advised Aset to pray to
thoseintheBoatofRa, theEnneadwhotraverseintheBoatofMillions ofYears, sothattheymay
haltandcausetimeandallprogressonearthtostopbecausetheycannotcontinuewhile Herulies
dead.
46 ThenA"etcriedouttoheaven, andhervoice reachedtheBoatofMillions ofYears, andthe
Disk ceased to move onward, and came to a standstill. As per the command of Ra, Djehuti
descendedfrom theBoat,beingequippedwithwordsofpowerandspellsofallkinds, andbearing
with him the great command ofmaak-heru or the righteous "WORD", whose commands were
performed, instantlyandcompletely, byeverygod, spirit, fiend, humanbeing, andbyevery thing,
animateandinanimate,inheaven,earth,andtheOtherWorld.
47 A HYMN OFPRAISETOHERUTOGLORIFY HIM,WHICH IS TOBESAID OVER
THEWATERSANDOVERTHElAND.Djehutispeakethandthisgodreciteththefollowing:
"Homage to thee, god, son ofa god. Homage to thee, heir, son ofan heir. Homage to thee,
bull, sonofbull, who was brought forth by him whose throat is closed up. Thenshallmankind
give theepraise, andtherighteousshallgive thanksuntothyforms. Andall thegodslikewiseshall
invoke thee, and intruththyname shallbeinvokedthis day, 'Iam Heru ofShetenu,the hidden
place.' "
48 "0youwhoareinthecavern,youwhoare inthecavern. 0 youwhoareatthemouthofthe
cavern. 0 youwhoare ontheway, 0 youwhoare ontheway. 0 youwhoare atthemouthofthe
way. He is Urmer (Mnevis) who approacheth every manand every beast. He is like the god Sep
whois inAnu.He is theScorpion-godwhois inthe GreatHouse(Het-ur). Bite himnot, forhe is
Ra. Stinghim not, for he is Djehuti. Shootye notyour poison over him, for he is Nefer-Tem. 0
every male serpent, 0 every female serpent, 0 every creature which bite with your mouths, and
stingwithyourtails, biteye himnotwithyourmouths,andstingye himnotwithyourtails. Getye
afar offfrom him. Make ye notyour fire to be againsthim, for he is the son ofAsar. Vomityeo
(Say fourtimes:) Iam Djehuti, Ihave comefrom heavento make protectionofHeru,andtodrive
away the poison ofthe scorpionwhich is inevery memberofHeru. Thyhead is tothee, Heru; it
shallbestableundertheUrertCrown."
100
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
her
ly to
may
I lies
I the
huti
ring
Nere
ling,
/ER
g:
hee,
cind
;hall
den
: the
'the
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le is
LO
and
~ ye
: yeo
rive
Uj it
Above: The Goddess Selke!, a form of Asci
The Goddess Selket who
assisted Aset in her time
of sorrow over the death
of Heru and Asar,
101
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
49 "Thineeye is tothee, Hero,for you are Hero, thesonofGeb, the LordoftheTwo Eyes, in
the midstoftheCompanyofthegods. Thynose is tothee, Hero, foryou are Herothe Elder, the
r
sonofRa, andyou shallnotinhale thefierywind.Thinearmis tothee, Hero,greatis thystrength
toslaughterthe enemies ofthyfather. Thytwothighs are tothee, Heroreceivethoutherankand
dignityofthyfatherAsar. Ptahhasbalancedfor theethymouthonthedayofthybirth.Theheart
is tothee, Hero, andthe Diskmaketh thy protection.Thine eye is to thee, Hero, thyrighteye is
like Shu, and thylefteye likeTefnut,who are the children ofRa. Thybelly is to thee, Hero, and
the children are the gods who are therein, and they shall not receive the fluid-essence ofthe
scorpion. Thystrength is to thee, Hero, andthe strengthofSetshall notexist against thee. Thy
phallus is tothee, Hero, andyou are Kamutef, the protectorofhis father, who makethananswer
for his children in the course ofevery day. Thy thighs are to thee, Hero, and thy strength shall
slaughtertheenemiesofthyfather. Thycalvesare tothee, Heru, thegod Khnemuhasbuiltthem,
andthegoddessAsethascoveredthemwithflesh (changedthem).Thesoles ofthyfeet aretothee,
Hero, and the nations who fight with the bow (Peti) fall under thy feet. You roIest the South,
North,West, andEast, andyou seestlike Ra. (Sayfourtimes.)Andlikewise himthatis underthe
knife."
50 "Beautiful god, Senetchem-ab-Ra,-setep-[en] Amen, son ofRa, Nekht-Hero-Hebit, you are
protected, andthegods andgoddesses are protected, and conversely. Beautifulgod, Senetchem-ab
Ra-setep-[en]-Ra, son ofRaj Nekht-Hero-Hebit, you are protected, and Hero-Shet [enu], the great
god, isprotected, andconversely."
- 51 Then Djehuti came toAset and told her that no harm could possibly have happened to
Hero,for hewas undertheprotectionoftheBoatofRa, buthiswords failedtocomfortAset, and
thoughshe acknowledged the greatness ofhis designs, she complainedthattheysavored ofdelay.
"Whatis the good," she asked, "ofall thyspells, and incantations, andmagical formulas, andthe
greatcommandofMaak-heru, ifHero is to perishby thepoison ofascorpion, and tolie here in
the arms ofDeath?" "Evil, evil is his destiny, for ithas entailedthe deepest misery for him and
death."
52 Inanswerto thesewords, Djehuti, mrningtoAsetandNebthet, badethemtofear not, and
to have no anxietyabout Hero, for, said he, "I have come from heaven to heal the child for his
mother."And Djehutisaid: "Fearnot, fear not,0 goddessAset, fear not, fear not, 0 Nebthet, and
letnotanxietybewithyou. Ihave come from heavenhavingthepoweroflife toheal thechildfor
his mother, let thy heart be firm; heshall notsink under the flame." He thenpointed outthat
Hero was underprotection as the Dweller inhis Disk(Aten), the Great Dwarf, theMighty Ram,
the Great Hawk, the Holy Beetle, the Hidden Body, the Divine Bennu, etc., and proceeded to
utterthewordsofpowertorestorelife backtoHero."
102
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
in
he
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nd
tnt
is
nd
he
hy
rer
all
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~ e
:h,
he
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to
1d
tV
he
or
.at
to
AsetandNebthetbewailingoverthedeadbodyofAsarastheywouldlaterdooverthedead
bodyofHeru.Fromabasreliefatthe templeof AsetinPhilre.
Atleft:Theserpentgod
Nehebka,whoassisted
Anubis in reamstitutingthe
bodyofOsiris.
Aoove: Anpu intheaspectofwarriorwho fights
againstthe enemiesofAsar.
103
TH RESURRECTING OSIRIS
53 And Djehutisaid: "Wakeup, Hem!Thyprotection is established. Make happythe heartof
thy motherAset.Thewords ofHerushallbindup hearts. Heshallcause to be atpeace himwho
is in affliction. Let your hearts be happy, 0 ye who dwell in the heavens. Hem, he who has
redeemedhis fathershallcause thepoison toretreat.Verily thatwhich is inthe mouthofRa shall
circulate, andthetongueofthe GreatGodshallrepulseopposition.TheBoatofRa standethstill,
and travelleth notonwards.TheDiskis inthesame place where itwas yesterdayto heal Herufor
his mother Aset. Come to the earth, draw near, 0 Boat of Ra. Make the Boat to travel, 0
mariners ofheaven. Transport provisions ofSekhem to heal Heru for his motherAset. Hasten
away, 0 painwhichis intheregionroundabout,andlettheBoatdescendupontheplacewhereit
wasyesterdaytohealHemforhismotherAset."
54 "1 amDjehuti,thefirstbornson, thesonofRa, andTemandtheCompanyofthegodshave
commandedme tohealHemfor his motherAset, andtohealhimthatis undertheknifelikewise.
o Hem,0 Hem,thyKa protecteththee, andthyimageworkethprotectionforthee.Thepoisonis
as thedaughter ofits own flame; it is destroyed because itsmote the "strongson". Your temples
are ingoodcondition,for Hemlivethforhismother,andhewho is undertheknifelikewise."
55 AndthegoddessAsetsaid: "Setyourface towards thosewhodwellintheNorthLand(Ateh),
the nurses whodwell inthecity Pe-Tept (Buto), for they have offeredverylarge offerings inorder
to cause the child tobe made strong for his mother, and to make strong him that is under the
knife likewise. Donotallowthem to recognize the divine KA in the Swamp Land." Thenspoke
Djehutiuntothegreat gods who dwell in the Swamp-Land saying: "0ye nurseswho dwell in the
cityofPe, whosmitefiendswithyourhands,andoverthrowthemwithyourarmsonbehalfofthat
GreatOne(Ra) who appeareth in front ofyou in the SektetBoat, let the Matet* (Mantchet) Boat
travel on. Hem is to you, he is counted up for life, and he is declared for the life ofhis father
(Asar). I have given gladness unto those who are in the Sektet* Boat, and the mariners (of Ra)
make it tojourneyon. Hemliveth for his motherAset, and he who is underthe knife liveth for
hismotherlikewise.As forthepoison,thestrengththereofhasbeenmadepowerless.VerilyIama
Above:
favored one, and1willjoinmyselfto his hour,thetimeofneed, tohurlbackthe reportofevil to power)
himthatsentitforth. TheheartofRa-Heru-Khuti rejoiceth. ThysonHem is countedupfor life,
to make himtosmite, andto repel from those who are above, and to turnbackthepathsofthe
Sebaufiends from him, so thathe may take possession ofthe throne oftheTwo Lands. Ra is in
heavento make answeronbehalfofhim and his father. Thewords ofpowerofhis mother have
lifted up his face, and they protect him and enable him to go round about wheresoever he
pleaseth, andtoset the terror ofhim incelestial beings. I have made haste inansweringtothese
words." (* BoatsofRainwhichhetravelsbydayandbynight)
56 AndsoDjehutitransferredthe"fluidoflife" ofRa, andas soonas thiscameuponthechild's
body, the poisonofthescorpionflowed outofhim, andhe oncemorebreathed andlived. When
this was done Djehuti returned to the Boat ofRa, the gods who formed its crew resumed their
rowingandthe Disk passedonitswaytomake its dailyjourneyacross thesky.
104
of
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eir
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
Above: Djehuti is the transporter of the WORD of God (Ra). He brings the magic (spiritual
power) of the Supreme Being (Ra) which will heal Horus.
Left: Djehuti in the form of a baboon sitting
atop the pillar of Osiris.
105
RESURRECTING OSIRIS 1
57 Thegods andgoddesses inheavenwhowereamazedandutteredcries ofterrorwhenthey
heardofthedeathofHemweremadehappyoncemore, andsangsongsofjoyoverhisrecovery.
ThehappinessofAsetinherchild'srestorationtolifewas verygreat, forshecouldagainhopethat
hewouldavenge his father's murderandoccupyhisthrone.
58 Thefinal words ofDjehuticomfortedhergreatly, for hetoldherthathewouldtake charge
ofthe case ofHemin theJudgmentHall ofAnuwhereinAsar hadbeen judged, andthat, as his
advocate, hewouldmake any accusationswhich mightbe brought against Hemtorecoil onhim
thatbroughtthem. Furthermore,hewouldgive Herupowertorepulse anyattackswhich mightbe
madeuponhimbybeings intheheightsabove, orfiends inthedepthbelow, andwouldensurehis
successiontotheThroneoftheTwoLandsofEgypt.
59 Djehutialso promisedAsetthatRa himselfshouldact as the advocate of Heru, evenas he
had done for his father Asar. He was also careful to allude to the sharewhichAset had taken in
therestorationofHerutolife, saying, "Itis thewords ofpowerofhis motherwhichhave liftedup
his face and they shall enable him to journey wheresoever he pleaseth and to putfear into the
powers above. I myselfhastentoobey them. Thus, everythingturnedonthe powerofthe spells of
Asetwhomadethesuntostandstillandcausedthedeadtoberaised..."
THEINITIATIONOFHERU
(FromtheancienttextentitledTheVirginofTheWorld)

60 OnceHerll'healthwas restored,hebegantogrowinashorttime. Hebegantoask questions
abouthisorigin, thenatureofthe universe, andofhispurposeinlife, andtothesequestionsAset
gave him the following answers as his mother and spiritual preceptor. Thus begins the holy
discourseofA"ettoHem,thefirstwordsof wisdomwhichleadHerutoimmortality.
61 "0 Heru, afterthecreationoftheuniverse, fear andignorancesucceededfear, andsearching
search incessant, and for so long as the Creator ofthe universals willed, did ignorance retain its
grip onalL ButwhenHejudgeditfit tomanifest HimwhoHe is, Hebreathedintothegods, the
Loves, and freely poured the splendor which He had within His heart into their minds, in ever
greater andstillgreatermeasurethatfirstly theymighthave thewish toseekfor thatwhichis real,
nexttheymightyearntofind, andfinally have powertowinsuccess inthespiritualsearchas welL
Butthis, my Heru, wonder-worthyson, could never have been done had thatseed inthem been
subjecttodeath, forthatasyethadnoexistence, butonlywithasoulthatcouldvibrateresponsive
tothemysteries ofHeaven.'"
62 "Such was all-knowing Djehuti, who sawall things, and seeing understood, and
understanding had the power both to disclose and to give explanation. For what he knew, he
engraved onstonej yet though he engraved them onto stone he hid them mostly, keeping sure
silence though inspeech, that every younger age ofcosmic time mightseek for them. And thus,
withchargeuntohiskinsmenofthegods tokeepsurewatch, he mountedtothestars."
106
l
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
~ y
'y.
hat
.rge
his
lim
: be
his
he
in
up
the
sof
ons
\set
loly
ing
its
the
~ v r
eal,
Tell.
een
sive
:md
he
:ure
lUS,
Above:Hem,thedlild,beingvictoriousoverthelowernatureintheformsofanimals. (Fromthe
MetemicheStele)
Atleft:Hemasthe
SupremeDivinity,
LordofCreation,
sittingatopthe
primevallotus
(creation)whidl
risesoutofthe
pJimevalocean.
HeruastheHawk.From
thetombofKing
Tutankhamun.
107
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
63 "Djehutireturnedto Heaven andinvokeda spell onthem, andspoke thesewords: '0holy
books, who have been madeby my immortal hands, by incorruption's magic spells ...free from
decay throughout eternity, remain untouched and incorrupt from time! Become un-seeable, un-
findable, for everyonewhose foot shall tread the plains ofthis land, until oldHeaven does bring
forththeproperinstrumentsfor you, whomtheCreatorshallcallsouls.' "
64 "Thus, 0 mysonHeru, Djehutibroughtthe teachings ofwisdom whichwere given tohim
bytheGodofAll, andtheyare hiddeninnature untilthetimewhenthosewhoare readytoseek
for theiressentialnature, thosewithtrueaspiration,seekwithhonestyandreverence."
66 "In the beginning there was just matter which had been emitted by God, devoid ofthat
special essence which is called life. The Great God looked upon the world, but He, no longer
willing that the world above should be inert, but thinking good to fill it full ofbreaths (living
spirits),sothatits partsshouldnotremainimmobileandinert, Hethusbeganonthesewithuseof
holyarts as properforthebringingforthofHisownspecialwork."
67 "Fortakingbreathfrom HisownBreathandblendingthiswithknowingFire-consciousness,
He mingled themwithcertain othersubstances which have nopowerto know; and having made
the two together, with certain hidden words of power, He thus set all the mixture going
thoroughly,untiloutofthecompostsmiledasubstance,as itwere, far subtler,purerfar, andmore
translucent than the things from which itcame; it was so clear that no one butTheArtist could
detectit."
68 "0Heru, these were the souls, created outofGod's very being. In time they came to be
conscious ofthemselves and looked up at the Father ofAlL Being sparks oftheir creator as sun
rays are emanationsofthesun,soulshave thepowertocreateduetotheirabilitytoknowanduse
themind."
69 "0Heru, this powerbecamethesource ofprideandconceit. Thesoulsthoughtthemselves
tobe equals toThe God, and as their punishment,were enclosed inwateryencasements. This is
the nature ofhuman existence and it is the reason why human beings are a blend ofwhat is
physicalandwhatis Divine."
70 "0Heru, thenthe Great God decreed thatLove andNecessityshouldbe the lords oflife.
Further,theLordofAllsaid: 'Know, all ofyouwhoaresetunderMyun-agingrule,thatas longas
ye keep you free ofsin, ye shall dwell in the fields ofHeaven, but if some cause ofblame for
anything shouldattach itselfto you, ye shall dwell in the place that Destinyallots condemnedto
mortalwombs.' "
108
RESURRECTING OSIRIS 1
57 Thegods andgoddesses inheavenwhowereamazedandutteredcries ofterrorwhenthey
heardofthedeathofHeruweremadehappyoncemore,andsangsongsofjoyoverhisrecovery.
Thehappinessof Asetinherchild'srestorationtolifewasverygreat,for shecouldagainhopethat
hewouldavenge his father's murderandoccupyhisthrone.
58 Thefinal words ofDjehuticomfortedhergreatly,for hetoldherthathewould take charge
ofthe case ofHeru intheJudgment Hall ofAnuwhereinAsar hadbeenjudged, andthat, as his
advocate, he would make anyaccusationswhichmightbe broughtagainst Heru torecoil onhim
thatbroughtthem. Furthermore,hewouldgive Herupowertorepulseanyattackswhichmightbe
madeuponhimbybeings intheheightsabove, orfiends inthe depthbelow,andwouldensurehis
successiontotheThroneoftheTwoLandsofEgypt.
59 Djehutialso promisedAset that Ra himselfshould act as the advocate ofHeru,even as he
haddone for his father Asar. Hewas also careful to allude to the sharewhichAset had taken in
.therestorationofHerutolife, saying, "Itis thewordsofpowerofhis motherwhichhave liftedup
his face and they shall enable him to journey wheresoever he pleaseth and to put fear into the
powers above. Imyselfhastento obeythem.Thus, everything turnedonthe powerofthespellsof
Asetwhomadethesuntostandstillandcausedthedeadtoberaised..."
THEINITIATIONOFHERU
(FromtheancienttextentitledTheVirginofTheWorld)
60 OnceHeru' healthwas restored,heb ~ g n togrowinashorttime. Hebegantoaskquestions
abouthis origin,thenatureoftheuniverse, andofhispurposeinlife, andtothese questio.nsAset
gave him the following answers as his mother and spiritual preceptor. Thus begins the holy
discourseof AsettoHeru,thefirstwordsofwisdomwhichleadHerutoimmortality.
61 "0 Heru,afterthecreationoftheuniverse, fearandignorancesucceededfear, andsearching
search incessant, and for so long as the Creator ofthe universals willed, did ignorance retain its
grip onall. ButwhenHejudged itfit to manifest HimwhoHe is, Hebreathed intothegods, the
Loves, and freely poured the splendor which He had within His heart into their minds, in ever
greater andstillgreatermeasurethatfirstly theymighthave thewish toseekforthatwhichis real,
nexttheymightyearnto find, andfinallyhave powertowinsuccess inthespiritualsearchas well.
Butthis, my Heru,wonder-worthyson, could never have beendone hadthatseed inthem been
subjecttodeath,for thatas yethadnoexistence, butonlywith asoulthatcouldvibrate responsive
tothemysteriesofHeaven."
62 "Such was all-knowing Djehuri, who saw a1l things, and seeing understood, and
understanding had the power both to disclose and to give explanation. For what he knew, he
engraved on stone; yet though he engraved them onto stone he hid them mostly, keeping sure
silence though inspeech, that every younger age ofcosmic time might seek for them. And dlUS,
withcharge untohiskinsmenofthegodstokeepsurewatch,hemountedtothestars."
106
l
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
y
hat
.rge
his
lim
.be
his
he
in
up
the
sof
ons
\set
10ly
ing
. its
the
;ver
eal,
lelL
een
sive
lnd
he
;ure
lUS,
Above:Hcru,thedlild,beingvictoriousoverthelowernatureintheforms ofanimals.(Fromthe
MetemicheStele)
At left: Hentasthe
SupremeDivinity,
LordofCreation,
sittingatopthe
primevallotus
(creation)which
risesout ofthe
primevalocean.
HefuastheHawk.From
thetombof King
Tutankhamun.
107
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
63 "Djehutireturnedto Heavenandinvoked a spell onthem, andspoke thesewords: '0holy
books, who have been made by my immortal hands, by incorruption's magic spells ...free from
decay throughout eternity, remain untouched and incorrupt from time! Become un-seeable, un-
findable, for every onewhose foot shall tread the plains ofthis land, until old Heaven does bring
forththeproperinstrumentsfor you,whomtheCreatorshallcallsouls.' "
64 "Thus, 0 my son Heru, Djehutibroughtthe teachings ofwisdomwhichwere given to him
by the GodofAll, andtheyare hidden innature untilthetimewhenthosewho are readyto seek
for theiressentialnature, thosewithtrueaspiration, seekwithhonestyandreverence."
66 "In the beginning there was just matter which had been emitted by God, devoid ofthat
special essence which is called life. The Great God looked upon the world, but He, no longer
willing that the world above should be inert, but thinking good to fill it full ofbreaths (living
spirits), so thatits partsshouldnotremainimmobileandinert, Hethusbeganonthesewithuseof
holyarts as properforthebringingforthofHisownspecialwork."
67 "Fortakingbreathfrom His own BreathandblendingthiswithknowingFire-consciousness,
He mingledthemwith certain othersubstances wpich have no powerto know; and having made
the two together, with certain hidden words of power, He thus set all the mixture going
thoroughly, untiloutofthecompostsmiledasubstance,as itwere, far subtler,purerfar, andmore
translucent than the tnings from which itcame; it was so clear that no one butTheArtist could
detectit."
68 "0Heru, these were the souls, created out ofGod's very being. In time they came to be
conscious ofthemselves and looked up atthe Father of AlL Being sparks oftheir creator as sun
rays are emanationsofthesun,soulshave the powertocreateduetotheirabilitytoknowanduse
themind."
69 "0Heru, this powerbecame thesource ofpride andconceit.Thesouls thoughtthemselves
to be equals toThe God, andas their punishment, were enclosed inwatery encasements.This is
the nature ofhuman existence and it is the reason why human beings are a blend ofwhat is
physical andwhatis Divine.;'
70 "0Heru, thenthe Great God decreed that Love andNecessityshouldbe the lords oflife.
Further,theLordofAllsaid: 'Know, all ofyouwhoare setunderMyun-agingrule, thatas longas
ye keep you free ofsin, ye shall dwell in the fields ofHeaven, but if some cause ofblame for
anything should attach itselftoyou, ye shall dwell inthe place that Destiny allots condemned to
mortalwombs.'"
108
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
oly
am
un-
ing
tim
hat
ger
ing
of
Above: The sundisk ofRa
and Hem
The Sun is the symbol of
Ra. It is the perfect symbo 1
for cosmic coosciousness
(God), because it is all
pervad ing and all powerfu I,
while being impartial
(shining on all) as the
sustenance of all life.
The Moon, as the refection of the
Sun, is the perfect symbol of the
human mind, because human
consciousness i; but a reflection of
Cosmic Consciousness (God), the
light of all consciousness and all
existence.
ess,
fide
ing
ore
uld
At left: The world as the primeval matter which arose out of the
deep dark ocean of space. In lhe theology of Abdu, it is Abdu,
the city of Asar, which is considered to be the fIrst piece of land
10 have emerged out of the primeval ocean (Nu).
be
;un
use
.ves
s is
t is
ife.
:1 as

for
l to
The I ife, death and
resurre;tion ofAsar
is ritualistically
associated wilh the
waxing and waning
days ofthe moon
cycle.
The gods and goddesses of the 14 days of the waning Moon.
109
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
71 "TheGreatGodcontinued: 'If,then,thethings imputedtoyourchargebeslight, leavingthe
bondoffleshy frames subjecttodeath, ye shallagainembraceyourorigininHeaven, andsigh no
more;butifye shallcommitsomegreatersins, andwiththe endappointedofyourframes be not
advanced, no longer shall ye dwell in Heaven, nor even in the bodies ofmankind, but shall
continueafterthattowanderroundinlives irrational.' "
72 "Thusspeaking, Herumine, Hegave toall the giftofbreath, andthuscontinued: 'Itis not
withoutpurpose orbychance Ihave laiddownthe law ofyourtransformings,butas itwill be for
the worse ifye do something unseemly, so for the better, ifye shall will what's worthy ofyour
birth.'"
73 "The GreatOnecontinued: "ForI, andnoone else, will be theWitnessand the Watcher.
Know, then, it is for whatye have done heretofore, ye do endure this; beingshutinbodies as a
punishment.'"
74 "ThuscontinuedtheLordofAll: 'Thedifference inyourrebirths, accordingly, foryou,shall
be as I have said, a difference ofbodies, and their ultimate dissolution will be a benefit and a
returntothefairhappinessofformerdays.' "
75 "Hecontinued: 'Butifye thinkto dosomethingelse unworthyofMe, your mindshalllose
its sight so as to think the contrary ofwhat is true, and take the punishment for benefit; the
changetobetterthingsfor infamousdespite.' "
76 "TheGreatGodcontinuedtospeak,saying: 'Butthemorerighteousof youwhostandupon
the thresholdofthe change to the diviner stateshallamongmenherighteous kings andgenuine
philosophers, founders of states, and lawgivers, and real seers, and true herb-knowers, and
prophets of the gods, most excellent, skillful musicians, skilled astronomers, andaugurs wise,
consummatesacrificersas manyof youas areworthyofthingsfairandgood.' "
77 "0my sonHem,aftersaying this the GreatOnereturned to the originalstate andDjehuti
oversawtheprocessas thesoulsenteredintobodies."
TheMysticalSecretsofCreation
78 "As thisembodimentprocessoccurred,theGreatEarthSpiritarose andquestionedDjehuti:
'Whatare these encasementswhichthe souls are enteringinto?' Djehutianswered, 'Men!..'Then
the spirit said: 'Itis a daring work, this making man, with eyes inquisitive, and talkative tongue,
with powerhenceforthtohearthings evenwhich are noconcern ofhis, daintyofsmell, whowill
useto itsfull hispoweroftouchoneverything.' " .
79 "TheEarthSpiritcontinued: 'Haveyou, hisgenerator,judgeditgoodtoleavehimfree from
care,who inthefuture daringlywillgaze uponthefairest mysteries whichNaturehas? Wouldyou
leave himwithout grief, which in the days to come will make his thoughts reach unto mysteries
beyondtheEarth?',"
(
Tl
WI
Ch
anc
As
y ~
110
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
ngthe
19h no
)enOt
:shall
is not
be for
f YOUr
teher.
:s as a
,shall
and a
lliose
tj the
upon
nuine
, and
wise,
iehuti
ket nurses baby Heru:
The ancientEgyptianprototypeofthemotherandchild
which ispopularall overAfricaandcan alsobeseenin
Christian andIndian iconographywiththebirthofJesus
and Krishna,respectively. Themotheris the firstteacher;
~ h u t i Asetnotonlyraises Heru,butalsoinitiateshimintothe
mysteries oflifeandcreation in ordertoenlightenhim md
ngue,
makehimstrongforthebattleoflife.
) wi[\
from
1you
teries
Above:Hetheru-AsetsucklingHeru,scene
fromtheTemple ofDenderah.
111
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
80 "The EarthSpiritcontinuedto speak, saying: 'Menwill dig upthe roots ofplants, andwill
find outthejuices' qualities. Menwill observe the nature ofthe stones. Menwill dissect notonly
animals irrationally, butthey'll dissect themselves, desiring to find outhowtheywere made. They
will stretch their daring hands outinto to the sea, and cuttingselfgrown forests down will ferry
one another over to lands beyond. Menwill seek out as we the inner nature ofthe holy spaces
whichnofoot may tread, andwill chase afterthemintothe height, desiringtoobserve thenature
ofthemotionoftheHeaven.'"
81 "TheSpiritcontinued: 'Theseareyet moderatethingswhichtheywilldo. Fornothingmore
remains than Earth's remotest realms; nay, in their daring they will track outNight, the farthest
Nightofall.' "
82 "TheSpiritcontinued: 'Nothinghave they, then, tostop them from receiving the initiation
inthe good offreedom from all pain, and, unconstrained by terror's grievous goads, from living
softlyoutalifefree from acare.' "
83 "TheSpiritcontinued: 'Thenwill they notgird onthe armorofan over-busydaring up to
Heaven?Willtheynot, then,reachouttheirsouls,freed from acare,untotheprimordialelements
themselves?' "
84 "The Spirit continued to speak, saying: 'Teach them henceforth to long, to plan out
something, where they have as well tofear the danger ofits ill-success, in order thatthey maybe
tamedbythesharptoothofpaininfailure oftheirhopes.' "
85 "TheSpiritcontinued: 'Let the too busynature oftheir souls be balanced by desires, and
fears, andgriefs, andemptyhopes.' "
86 "So continuedthe the EarthSpirit, saying: 'Let loves inquicksuccessionsway theirsouls,
hopes, manifolddesires, sometimesfulfilled, andsometimesunfulfilled, thatthesweetbaitoftheir
successmaydrawthemintostruggleamiddirerills.' "
87 "The Spiritcontinued: 'Let fever lay its heavy hand on them, that losing heart they may
submitdesiretodiscipline.' "
88 "Once again Djehuti rose up and proclaimed that the Supreme One had charged him as
manager ofthese affairs. Djehuti decided that he would create an overseer to watch over every
detailandimposethekarmiclaws ofhumanexistence."
The boa1
right
prirnevf
its rut
the w,
himsel
infinit
tbe fit:
tb
in
9
s
bOAt....
112
will
only

:erry
aces
ture
lore
lest
ion
ing
to
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBIRTH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
t
t
The boat of Asar sailing over heaven, which is supported by four pillars, in the form of goddesses. On the
right are three hawk-headed spirits, and on the left are:-l. Three jackal-headed spirits; 2. The eight
primeval gods of Khemennu, frog-headed and snake-headed, 3. The four-headed ram ofthe North wind;
and, 4. The Ram-headed hawk of the East wind.
nts
"7he ooe 'SA1I10S io A sets befol'e the miod the powel' thAt dil'eets the
wodd. cAs thel'efol'e, the tJilot, beios APAl't fl'om the ship, hAS the eootl'ol of
,ut
be ils l'uddel's, so the ""'UO subsistioS sepAl'Atel!J hAS cootl'ol of the helms of All
Ibe wodd. cAod AS the pilot fl'om Aboye At the stel'o, SlY10S fol'th fl'om
bimself the fil'st bl'ief besiooioS of the eoul'se, dil'eets eyel'fJthioS' so bfJ AO
lDfiDite pl'ioritfJ of l'Aok, the '1od hom Aboye, impAl'ts without divisioo fl'om
Ibe fil'st pl'iDciples of the fil'st-opel'AriYe CAuses of motioos. 7bese
.8,
IbiDSs, thel'efol'e, Aod still mol'e thAO these, Al'e deooted b!J ,,",AiliDS io A
ir
bOAt;"
-Iamblichus, Egyptian Initiate (circa 250-330 A.C.E.)
:y
s
y
113
"Djehutithenspoke, saying: 'Whereforethe overseerofHiscommandwillbe thekeen-eyed
goddess oftheAll, Meskhenet, and Iwill skillfully devise an instrument, mysterious, possessed of
RESURRECTING OSIRIS
power of sight, that cannot err, and cannot be escaped, whereto all things on earth shall of
necessity be subject, from birthto final dissolution, aninstrumentwhichbinds together all that's
done.This instrumentshallruleall otherthingsofEarthas well humankind.'"
90 "Hespokeandstraightwayincosmicorder, therebeganthedifferentiationoftheup-to-then,
blackunityofallthings...AndHeavenshoneforth above, deckedoutwithallhis mysteries. Earth,
still a-tremble as theSunshoneforthgrew harder, andappearedwith all the fair adornments that
bedeckherroundoneveryside. ForbeautifultoGod are even things which men thinkmean, in
thatintruththeyhavebeenmadetoservethelaws ofGod."
91 "AndGodrejoicedwhennowHesaw Hisworks a-moving, andfilling full Hishands,which
holdas muchas all surroundingspacewith all thatNature hadproduced,andsqueezingtightthe
handfulmightily.
92 "Hesaid: 'Take(these), 0 holyEarth, takethose, all-honoredone,whoare tobethemother
ofallthings, andhenceforthlack nothing!'"
93 "Godspoke, andopeningHis hands. such hands as Godshouldhave. Hepouredthem all
intothecompositionoftheworld.Andtheyinthebeginningswereunknownineverywayforthat
the souls who had been recently shut in prison, not endUring their disgrace, began to strive in
emulationwith the gods inHeaven, in full commandoftheir highhirth, andwhen heldback, in
thattheyhadthesame Creator, maderevolt, andusingweakermenas instruments,begantomake
theresetuponeachother,andrangethemselves inconflict,andmakewaramongthemselves."
94 "Thusstrengthdid mightilyprevailoverweakness, so thatthestrongdidburnandmassacre
the weak, andfrom the holy place, down they cast the living and the dead, down from the holy
shrines, until the Elements in their distress resolved to go to God, their Monarch, to complain
aboutthesavagestateinwhichmenlived."
95 "The evil now being very great, the Elements approached the God who made them, and
formulated theircomplaintinsomesuchwords as these."
96 "Itwas moreoverFire who first received authorityto speak. Hesaid: '0Lord, Artificer of
this newWorld,your name mysterious amongthegods andgoddesses, anduptonow, reveredby
all mankind, how long have You, 0 Ultimate One, judged it right to leave the life of mortals
withoutGod?'
114
Till RESURRECTING OSIRIS
.42 Hearing this Ra became angry, saying: "This feeble child can notbe given the throne of
HearingthisthegodsandgoddessesoftheEnneadbecameangrythemselvesandBaba, the
)aboongod,spokeout: "TheshrineoftheRais empty; we do nottakeanyfurthernotice ofyou!"
ta,feelingbadtohimself, coveredhimselfandlaiddownontheground.
l43 The companyofgods andgoddesses asked Baba to leave since they feared that they had
mgered Ra. Theyfeared thatHe mightstop the revolutions ofthe BoatofMillions ofYears and
husbringall creationto anend.Theytriedtotalkwithhimbutherefused tolistentothem. He
'etiredto his abode andrefused toreturnto the court.Thegreat god, Ra, was growing weary of
hecontestbetween Heru andSet, andpasseda daylying onhis back inhis arbor, and his heart
vasverysad, andhewasalone.
l44 Seeingthis, the beautifuldaughterofRa, Hetheru, decided to implementaplanto bring
heSunGodoutofhis despondencyandto encouragehim to once againassume his place in the
:ourt. She began to dance around the court while stripping off her clothes. the gods and
crowdedaroundandbegantolaughandapplaudherartisticandpassionateexpression.
!\fter awhile, this commotionattractedthe attentionofRa, who returnedtosee whatwas going
)n. Hesaw thebeautifulHetheru and began to come outofhis negative mood. Hetheru, lady of
:he southern sycamore, came'and stood before her father, the master of the universe. She
mcoveredhervulvaforhisface, andtheGreatGodsmiledather..
145 Ra thenreturnedtotake his place amongthe Enneadandinstructed HeruandSetto put'
theircaseso thatthecourtmayhearitagain.
146 AgainSetspoke outfirst: "Thethronebelongs to me. Whoelse butme protects thevoyage
)f the Sun boat when the chaos serpents attach to it? Since I am the one who protects the
ofthegods,the.throneshouldbegiventome!"
147 ThenDjehuti andShuspoke outdisapprovingly: "Wecannotgive thethrone to an uncle
Nhen rightfulheiris standingrightherebeforeus!"
148 Herufinallyspokeoutandcomplainedbitterly: "Willyou take away mybirthrightwiththis
lnjustice anddo itrighthereinfrontoftheEnnead?"Hearingallofthis,Asetbecameexceedingly
l11gryandcomplainedincessantiyuntiltheEnneadpromisedtodo justicetoHeru.
149 NoticingthattheEnneadwas notsupportinghim, Setnowbecamefurious and threatened
them all: "FromnowonIwillstrike anyoneofyou downeverysingleday, andIwill notputforth
mycase inanycourtwhereAsetis allowedtoenterinto."
150 Raagreedtothisanddecreedthattheyshouldall go toaspecialislandandthatNemty, the
ferryman, shouldnotallowAsetacrosstojointhemthere.
126
of
the
lUl"
had
md
He
yof
~ r t
the
,md
Dn.
ling
yof
She
THE SECRET MYSTERIES OF REBIRTH AND ENLIGHTENMENT
Above:Asarianoolumns0 fRamessesIIin Egypt,Africa.
put
Below: LinedrawingoftheAsariancolumns.
mge
the
:ide
this
:lgly
ned
)rth
the
II II tI I J II II
127
RESURRECTINGOSIRIS
151 Usingherspecial powers,Asettransformedherselfintotheform ofanoldladyandcameto
theshorewhere Nemtywas. Shetold himthatshe neededtoget across to the islands because she
neededtocarryfoodtotheislandfor ayoungmanwhohadbeentendingaherdfor five days.
152 "Here Nemty, 1will give you this cake as payment for you to carry me across." Nemty
replied: "Old woman, 1am the divine ferryman and 1have no need for your cake". ThenAset
showed him a fantasticgold ringwhich shewore onherfinger andsaid: "This great ringshall be
yours ifyoucarryme across". Nemtycouldnotresistabribe ofthis magnitudeandagreed tocarry
heracross.
153 Aset came upon the place where the court was. Set looked and he saw her as she
approached inthe distance. Thereuponshe uttereda magic spell, andshe changed herselfinto a
maiden beautiful of limbs, and there was not the like of her in the entire land, and he was
captivated with infatuation and passionate desire for hervery much. Thereupon he rose, and he
wentover tositdownandate breadwiththegreat Ennead. Hewenttoovertake her, and no one
hadseenherexcepthim.
154 Thereupon she stood behind a tree, and he shouted tohersaying, "I am here with you,
beautifulmaiden! HowmayIserveyou"Andshesaidtohim, "Mygreatlord!As for me, Iwas the
wife ofaherdsmanofcattle, and 1borehim a male child. Myhusbanddied, andthe boycame to
watchthe cattle ofhis father. Butone day astrangercameand sat down inthestables andsaidto
myson, "I'llbeatyou upandtakeyourcattle andkickyouout!"Asetcontinued: "Mygreatestwish
is foryoutoconquerhim."
155 Setreplied, "Isthecattletobegiventoastrangerwhenthesonofthefather is yetalive?
Thiswouldbeamostblatantinjusticeandcannotbeallowed." .
156 AtthatmomentAsettransformedherselfintoakiteandflew tothetopofatree. From
theresheshoutedtoSet: "Weepyourself.Yourown mouthhas saidit, yourownclevernesshas
givenjudgment.Whatmoredoyouwant?"
157 Setbegantocomplainbitterlyandbecameterriblyupset: "Thisevilwomanhastrickedme".
This attracted the attention ofthe Ennead who wanted to know what had happened. When he
related the story ofwhat Aset had done Ra exclaimed, "Whatshe says is true. You have judged
yourselfsowhatwillyoudonow?"
TI
They(Hen.
bycreating a
cast the harp
"Mother,you
again. This ti
againstme? \l(
Above: HI
spearing
hippopOtamU5
(formofSet)
thehelpof A!
thispicture
holds the n ~
with upraised
lendsherspi
forceto Ho
128
THESECRETMYSTERIESOFREBIRTHANDENLIGHTENMENT
o
.e
Scenefrom the
battleofHonlsand
Set.
Hem spearinga
hippopotamus
fiend(fonnofSet)
withthehelpof
Aset.
~ t
.e
a
lS
.e
.e
1,
e They(HeruandSet)soonb ~ g n thecontestbytransformingintolarge beasts.Asettriedto help
o by creating a harpoonwithher magic. She could notdistinguishbetween the two combatantsbut
o cast the harpoon into the waters anyway. She struck Heru in the side, who exclaimed in pain:
h "Mother,yourharpoonhasstruckme, pleaseletme go." Asetimmediatelyreleased himandcastit
again. This time she struck Set who exclaimed: "Aset, I am your brother. 0 sister why are you
againstme? Whatevilhave Idonetoyou? Pleasereleaseme!"
-FromthebattleofHorusandSet- Line 161
e
d
Above: Heru
spearinga
hippopotamus fiend
(form ofSet)with
the help ofAset. In
this pictureAset
holdsthe Ankh and
with upraisedhand,
lendsherspiritual
force to Horus.
129