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Some aspects of indoor air pollution

Zoltn Filep WESSLING Hungary Ltd.

Molds

...and some more

Certification of emission of building products


voluntary,

controlled production,
assesment of builiding products: basics of materials,

emissions,
different testing schemes different criteria

Council Directive 89/106/EEC of 21 December 1988 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to construction products

ANNEX I

3. Hygiene, health and the environment The construction work must be designed and built in such a way that it will not be a threat to the hygiene or health of the occupants or neighbours, in particular as a result of any of the following: - the giving-off of toxic gas, - the presence of dangerous particles or gases in the air, - the emission of dangerous radiation, - pollution or poisoning of the water or soil, - faulty elimination of waste water, smoke, solid or liquid wastes,

- the Presence of damp in parts of the works or on surfaces within the works

International standards for indoor air analysis


ISO 16000-1:2004 Indoor air -- Part 1: General aspects of sampling strategy ISO 16000-2: Indoor air -- Part 2: Sampling strategy for formaldehyde ISO 16000-3:2001 Indoor air -- Part 3: Determination of formaldehyde and other carbonyl compounds -Active sampling method ISO 16000-4:2004 Indoor air -- Part 4: Determination of formaldehyde -- Diffusive sampling method ISO 16000-5:2007 Indoor air -- Part 5: Sampling strategy for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) ISO 16000-6:2004 Indoor air -- Part 6: Determination of volatile organic compounds in indoor and test chamber air by active sampling on Tenax TA sorbent, thermal desorption and gas chromatography using MS/FID
ISO 16000-7:2007 Indoor air -- Part 7: Sampling strategy for determination of airborne asbestos fibre concentrations ISO 16000-9:2006 Indoor air -- Part 9: Determination of the emission of volatile organic compounds from building products and furnishing -- Emission test chamber method ISO 16000-10:2006 Indoor air -- Part 10: Determination of the emission of volatile organic compounds from building products and furnishing -- Emission test cell method

ISO 16000-11:2006 Indoor air -- Part 11: Determination of the emission of volatile organic compounds from building products and
furnishing -- Sampling, storage of samples and preparation of test specimens

Sampling strategies for indoor air (ISO 16000-5)

Aims of sampling: finding the causes of health problems determination of long term exposure, identification of emission sources, assessment of remediation. Parameters to consider: sampling time, sampling place, sampling duration,

choice of sorbents.

Classification of air pollutants

Name Very Volatile Organic Compounds Volatile Organic Compounds Semi-Volatile Organic Compounds Particulate Organic Matter

Abbreviations VVOC VOC SVOC POM

Boiling point range (C) <0- (50-100) (50-100)-(240-260) (240-260)-(380-400) >380

French regulation
Dcret no 2012-14 du 5 janvier 2012 relatif lvaluation des moyens daration et la mesure des polluants effectues au titre de la surveillance de la qualit de lair intrieur de certains tablissements recevant du public

passive sampling for benzene and formaldehyde TD-GC/MS analysis for benzene, HPLC for formaldeyhde

Available method at Environmental Testing Laboratory

Method
Volatile organic compounds with TD/GC-MS (active sampling) (C6-C16) Volatile organic compounds with TD/GC-MS (passive sampling) (C6-C16)

Target compounds

Standard

Volatile organic compounds with GCMS (passive sampling on charcoal)

Hydrocarbons, terpenes, ISO 16000-6 alcohols, ethers, ketones, aldehydes, glycols, glycolethers, carboxylic acids, halogenated hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons, terpenes, ISO 16017-2 alcohols, ethers, ketones, aldehydes, glycols, glycolethers, halogenated hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons, terpenes, ISO 16200-2 alcohols, ethers, ketones, aldehydes, glycols, glycolethers, halogenated hydrocarbons

1 hour

Sampling time

QL
5 ng/sample

8 hours/ 168 5 ng/sample hours

1-2 weeks

5 g/sample

Available method at Environmental Testing Laboratory

Method

Target compounds

Standard

Sampling time

QL

Formaldehyde and aliphatic aldehydes (active sampling)


Formaldehyde (passive sampling) Phthalates (active sampling)

formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, butanal, isobutanal, propanal


formaldehyde

ISO 16000-3

30 min-480 2 g/sample min

ISO 16000-4

Dimethyl-phthalate, VDI 4301-6 diethyl-phthalates, di-nbutyl-phthalate, benzylbutyl-phthalate, dicyclohexyl-phthalate, bis(2-ethyl-hexyl)phthalate, di-n-octlphthalate

8 hours- 168 2 g/sample hours 1-8 hours 10 ng/sample

Quality assurance for TD-GC/MS analysis:


participation in round robin tests (interlaboratory comparison) proper conditioning of tubes, logbook for each tube, blanks: laboratory blank,

field blank,
trip blank.

Thank you for your attention!