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INSERVICE EDUCATION

INTRODUCTION Education is a continuous and life long process. Pre-education of an individual cannot prepare a person to perform all his functions effectively and easily. Inservice education is a planned educational experience provided to the hob setting and closely identified with service in order to help the person to perform more effectively as a person and as a worker. MEANING DEFINITION Inservice education is defined on continued programme of education provided by the employing authority, with the purpose of developing the competence of personnel. In their functions appropriate to the position they hold, or to which they will be appointed in service. Definition It is a planned learning experiences provided by the employing agency for employees. AIMS / OBJECTIVES: 1. To increase the existing knowledge base of nurses practicing clinical nursing. 2. To improve and maintain high standard of nursing care to patients at the Hospital, which would increase the satisfaction level of patients / relatives. 3. To improve communication skills among nursing personnel. 4. To update knowledge regarding handling / upkeep of latest & sophisticated instruments and gadgets. 5. To enable nurses to secure credit points for renewing their nursing license by the State Nursing Council FACTORS AFFECTING IN SERVICE EDUCATION: The economic, social, medical and technological sciences which affect that society will affect nursing in- service education. The related factors affect the in service education programmes are;

1. Cost of health care : In service education programme may increase the efficiency of nursing services, but it adds additional expenditure on health care delivery system 2. Manpower in service education requires need qualified human resources, leads to increase human resources. 3. Changes in nursing practice lead to increase human resources. 4. Changes in nursing practice lead to frequent changes in the programmes and in service education 5. Standards for nursing practice 6. Organization of nursing departmental planned approaches is regular THE PERSONNEL INVOLVED: Facilitator Officer In-charge & Mentor Educator

STEPS IN PLANNING AN INSERVICE EDUCATION PROGRAM To put together interesting and effective education programs. Following are the steps to be taken: Assess needs Set goals and define specific objectives Select resource people Implement plans Evaluate program

Assess needs
In-service education directors need to realize the importance of early recognition of changes in nursing service, technology, legislation, research, economics, public demands and the changing patient load within the institution, all of which affect what nursing personnel need to know to give comprehensive nursing care.

Set goals and define specific objectives


The primary goal of in-service education is more than merely imparting information and is geared to changing the way a person performs, thinks, or feels, the plan calls for helping personnel to integrate the new knowledge or skill into their immediate experience and stimulating them to set future learning goals for themselves.

Select resource people


Several attributes should be kept in mind when selecting individuals as resource persons. Expertise and clinical competence in the area to be covered Ability to serve as a model for learners Knowledgeable about the concepts of adult learning Relates well with adult learners Knows how to communicate knowledge without a belittling or pompous manner Starts where the learners are and lets them progress at their own pace Willing to assist in the evaluation process An accepting, listening person who is willing to change the course in midstream if necessary to meet learner needs.

Implement plans
Some of the planned activities would be done best on the nurse manager, head nurse or team leader level that is decentralized rather than institution wide.

Evaluate program
There are many ways of performing evaluation, the most important questions to be answered are: Did this educational activity make a difference in the knowledge, skills and attitudes of the participants? Was there a change in behavior so that better nursing care was given? Some evaluative methods include:

Diaries Process recordings Tapes Reaction sheets Participant satisfaction ratings Pre and posts tests of knowledge, skills and attitudes. CONCLUSION Benefits of in-service education are numerous. Dates and times can be prescheduled allowing for maximum attendance and participation. We can address a variety of topics as per the requirement or from various sources such as chart reviews, questions or a generalized content. BIBILOGRAPHY 1. B.T. Basavanthappa (2000) Nursing Administration Jaypee P.P. No. 519 521 2. Trained nurses Association of India (2000) Nursing Administration and management, first edition P.P. No. 90-113.