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Sonic bubble enveloping a violin, frozen at a moment in time

ound in air does not travel as longitudinal waves as is commonly described in physics text books. S ropagates spherically in air due to diffraction, the reactive result of atomic collisions. Reciprocal eff ccur in the jostling of molecules initiated by a sound event, causing components of the sonic energy ll directions almost simultaneously. The distribution of energy within the sonic bubble is always con xis with the direction of primary propagation from the sound source.

Cymatic model of sound

ounds audible to humans are, as we have seen, essentially, spherical in form and invisible under no ircumstances. Using the emergent science of cymatics it is possible to image sound wherein we are btain an analog of the sound sample periodicities in a form that permits close study. maging sound e!uires a membrane on which the periodicities can be made visible, such as thin latex or the surfac water, typically captured by a still or video camera. "arly experiments with latex, using fine particula he disclosing medium, showed fairly course detail in the geometry of the resulting #yma$lyphs. The

ension of water is now the preferred medium onto which sounds may be imprinted, revealing their s ne detail and even revealing some %& data.

should be noted that the inherent resonance of the driving system and the surface tension of the w nfluence the patterns obtained. These influences can be minimi'ed by the use of electronic filtering atten, as far as is possible, the response of the water to the chosen range of fre!uencies. "ven so, i ossible to be totally free of the resonances in a given system and allowance must be made in the e onducted.

Ralph (aughan )illiams, *hantasy +uartet made visible on the #ymaScope

hic Sound

ation of gases that we term air consists of individual atoms, in the case of oxygen and as molecules, in the case of carbon dioxide. ,ther gases are present but in minor ns. )hen sound propagates in air, every atom or molecule lying in the path of is involved in the process of passing on the sound data that originated from the sound data takes the form of sinusoidal motions of the atoms and molecules that are in the sound source. -or example, if a sound source produces a tone of single fre!uency iodic motion of every atom and molecule will be of the same single periodicity. f the e produces a complex sound, with a multiplicity of fre!uencies, the atoms and ill each carry this array of periodicities.

voice is an example of a complex sound, wherein every single atom and molecule in at form air transmit a multitude of vibrations that describe the uni!ueness of the voice.

m or molecule bumps into its nearest neighbors their many periodic motions, g the sonic data of the voice, is passed on at the instant of collision. f we could see the s being emitted it would appear as a bubble of sonic energy, the surface of which would e to every atom and molecule vibrating in unison. ose, sound is holographic. Theoretically, every atomic particle in a sonic bubble the data of the sound source.

d Propagation

the fre!uencies above the range of human hearing, provide an atypical case of sound . .t fre!uencies above /012', the effects of diffraction and thus sphericity, tend to sulting in a gradual progression to a pencil3like beam. This tendency occurs due to the odic range of motion within each atom or molecule, resulting in insufficient energy to ction. 2owever, sphericity begins to return at very high sound pressure levels, for 4%0 d5. and above because there is sufficient sonic energy to cause multiple collisions.

e of Light

is electromagnetism of a particular range of fre!uencies and although the precise ectromagnetism is not known, propose that it is the result of the excitation of static a form of energy inherent in the force fields of all atoms. )hen the force fields of olecules collide, there is a transfer of their periodicitiesdefined as the phonon or as

ult is the creation of electromagnetism. )hen real collisions occur between atoms or as opposed to elastic collisions7 there must be a release of electromagnetic energy, assified as the photon or as light. The reason the electromagnetism is of sinusoidal law, d, is that each pair of colliding force fields are themselves vibrating sinusoidally due to nal energy state of the atoms or molecules. The magnetic energy radiated is, thus, by the periodic vibrations of the atoms or molecules.

cy of electromagnetism resulting from colliding force fields is not only a function of the nergy states of the atoms or molecules but also of the velocity of the collisions. d by atomic collisions in which the energy states of the atoms or molecules 6coupled locities7 are too low to create visible light will create infra red light and at even lower es, radio fre!uencies. 8ight created by atomic collisions in which the energy states are gh will create 93ray and gamma ray electromagnetism.

sions between atoms or molecules result in spherical propagation of netism. The reason for the sphericity, is similar to that of sound, where every collision sing effect 6diffraction7 on nearby atoms or molecules. n the case of electromagnetism, ons are reactions to the main direction of thrust, causing electromagnetism to travel in direction. n summary, spherical electromagnetism is the result of diffractive and ects of atomic collisions.

agation of Electromagnetic Energy Components (SPEEC)

es expand at approximately ;00 miles an hour. Theoretically, this expansion generates nying electromagnetic sphere that rushes away at %00,000 kilometres per second. .s bove, it is proposed that the fre!uencies of electromagnetism created by sound are he infra3red and radio fre!uency spectrum, depending upon the initial sound pressure. intensity sounds will likely generate infra3red energy and low intensity sounds will ate low levels of radio fre!uency radiation. .s proposed above, predict that the f the emissions will be a function of the !uiescent energy states of the atoms or s well as their collision velocity.

e energy in the sonic bubble falls off rapidly with distance 6sound outdoors typically mile7, the electromagnetic sphere is not significantly attenuated by clear air. The netic sphere travels relatively unimpeded through the atmosphere to outer space where examples of starlight show us that it will travel virtually forever unless it meets dense

ure rapidly decreases as a result of the initial energy in the sonic bubble being over a greater and greater surface area as it expands. The sonic bubble can only he jostling of air molecules, which cause friction at the atomic level. .s we have seen, , this friction creates electromagnetic energy. Sound pressure also decreases because unt of heat 6electromagnetism in the infra3red<radio spectrum spectrum7 results from n. Thus, sound energy dissipates, in part, due to its conversion to electromagnetism. y, there are two component fre!uencies of oscillation in the sound3generated netic sphere. The first is the fre!uency of light created by the collisions. .s we have cillation is likely modulated by the inherent sound periodicities of the colliding atoms or The effect is similar to amplitude3modulated radio transmissions, although the S*""# cts a far higher =carrier= fre!uency.

n, S*""# theory predicts that sound always has an electromagnetic 6light7 component. the fre!uencies of these components are either in the radio spectrum or in the infrared t where the sound pressure levels are extremely high. n such cases, sound would e light.

Reid

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