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OUTCOMES Elementary Answer Key

01 STARTER UNIT
pp. 8-9 Reading: A: 8 4 C: 1 three, four 2 sister 3 brother 4 father 5 mother 6 baby Listening: A: Two, 39, one, 12, 8, 25 Vocabulary: A: 1a cola 2 a tea 3 an orange juice 4 a coffee 5 a portion of chips 6 an apple B: Student A: a tea 1.20 a cola 1.95 a green salad 3.54 a chicken salad 3.19 a hamburger 3.36 an apple 47 p (pence) Student B: a coffee 2.15 an orange juice 2.37 a bottle of water 1.50 a cheese sandwich 3.05 an ice cream 1.89 a portion of chips 2.01 C: coffee, tea, orange juice, cola, bottle of water, green salad, hamburger, cheese sandwich, chicken sandwich, a portions of chips, apples pp. 10-11 Vocabulary: A: 1 go 2 read 3 write 4 listen 5 close 6 work 7 start 8 finish B: 1 listen 2 go 3 read 4 talk 5 open 7 a bottle of water 8 an ice cream 9 a chicken sandwich 10 a hamburger 11 a green salad 12 a cheese sandwich

9 play 10 say 11 put 12 open 13 look 14 talk 15 think 16 eat

6 write 7 put 8 work 9 finish 10 think

Grammar: A: singular I you he (man/boy) she (woman/girl) it (thing) B: 2 she, he 3 They 4 We 5 It 6 She 7 You

plural we you they

02 STARTER UNIT
pp. 12-14 Vocabulary: C: 1 four 2 seven 3 twelve 4 twenty-four

5 thirty-one 6 sixty 7 sixty 8 three hundred and sixty-five

Developing Conversations: A: 1e 2c 3d 4b 5a 6j 7f 8g 9i 10h Vocabulary A: a paper b phone c book d beer e camera C: 1 camera 2 money 3 paper 4 TV 5 beer

01 PEOPLE AND PLACES


pp. 16-17 Listening: A: 1 T 2 F

3F

4T

5F

f ticket g pen h TV i chocolate j money

B: 2 His family name is Hernandez. 3 Hes from Mexico. 5 Chihuahua is in the north. Grammar: A: You are, He is, She is, That is, We are, They are B: 1 names 2 Im 3 Whats 4 whats 5 Its

6 chocolate 7 book 8 pen 9 phone 10 ticket

6 Thats 7 wherere 8 Im 9 Im 10 Its

Grammar: A: 1. I dont have a brother. Do you have a brother? 2. I dont like football. Do you like football? 3. I dont drink beer. Do you like beer? 4. I dont speak French? Do you speak French? 5. I dont play tennis. Do you play tennis?

Vocabulary: A: Africa = Morocco, Kenya Asia = Japan, China, Thailand Europe = Poland, Italy, Germany the Middle East = Jordan, Oman Central America = Panama, Mexico South America = Brazil, Argentina Developing Conversations: A: 4 Strasbourg 1 Paris 5 Nantes 2 Lille 6 Moulins 3 Toulouse

pp. 14-15 Vocabulary: E: 1 I am tired. 2 I have a new car. 3. My teacher is good. 4. This is an easy book. 5. My flat is small. 6. I have an expensive mobile phone. Grammar: A: 1 page 146 = The past simple 2 page 152 = Present perfect 1 and 2 3 page 157 = Will/Wont for predictions, Verb patterns for adjectives and Revision 4 page 158 = Be thinking of + ing, Adverbs and Revision

pp. 18-19 Vocabulary: A: 1 a restaurant (3) 2 a river (2) 3 a church (1) 4 a factory (3) 5 a park (1) B: 1 restaurants 2 rivers 3 churches 4 factories 5 parks

6 traffic (2) 7 an art gallery (3) 8 a beach (1) 9 a cathedral (3) 10 a palace (2)

6 traffic no plural! 7 art galleries 8 beaches 9 cathedrals 10 palaces 2

Reading: A: Jeff: 1 New Romney, in the south of England 2 Its generally a nice place, nice beach, lovely countryside, but not much to do; no cinemas or art galleries. Nancy: 1 Pinedale, the middle of California, the USA 2 Its not nice, a lot of crime and not many jobs. Rolando: 1 Seville, the south-west of Spain 2 Its a great place, lots of nice cafs and restaurants, a great cathedral, a river and lots of beautiful parks. Yu Tsan: 1 Shenyang, north-east of China 2 Its OK, lots of factories, people and traffic, but also lots of places to go shopping, and great old buildings. Grammar: B: 1 Theres 2 There are 3 There are 4 Theres

C: 1 start 2 angry 3 because Grammar: A: 1 do 2 does, dont 3 does, doesnt 4 do

4 manager 5 boring 6 get up

7 kids 8 do 9 interesting

5 Do 6 dont 7 do 8 Do, dont

B: 1 What time do you get up? 2 How do you travel here? 3 When do you go to bed? 4 Where do you live? 5 Who do you live with? 6 What do you do in your free time? 7 How many languages do you speak? C: 1g 2e 3d 4b 5c 6a 7f

5 there are 6 theres 7 There are 8 Theres, there are

pp. 20-21 Vocabulary: C: 1 e 2 f 3 a 4 b 5g 6d 7c 8h D: Suggested answers 1 a department store is bigger 2 a hospital is bigger 3 a local government office is bigger 4 a studio is more important 5 a big hotel is bigger 6 a university is bigger 7 the traffic department is bigger 8 a restaurant is bigger Listening: A: 1 doctor, hospital 2 teacher, school, enjoys 3 civil servant, office, OK 4 waiter, caf, policeman Reading: A: 1 a designer 2 a journalist 3 an engineer

02 FREE TIME
pp. 22-23 Listening 1: B: sport walking computer games cinema Woman loves OK doesnt like loves Man doesnt like doesnt like loves loves

Grammar: A: 1 I like meeting new people. 2 My daughter wants to get a new phone. 3 My sister loves playing tennis. 4 I dont like shopping. 5 Do you like dancing? 6 Do you want to go out this weekend? Developing Conversations: A: 1 What time do you want to meet? 2 What time does the film finish? 3 Do you want to see Monsters 6 on Sunday? 4 Do you like going to the cinema? 5 Where?

Listening 2: A: Saturday = 1 match 2 Green Street station 3 four Sunday = 4 Italian 5 one 6 cathedral

Vocabulary: A: 1 a ruler 2 a rubber 3 paper 4 a pencil Grammar: A: 1a 2 any 3 any 4a

5 scissors 6 a dictionary 7 a tissue 8 a pen

9 seat 10 board 11 window 12 blind

pp. 24-25 Vocabulary: A: a go out for dinner e sleep b go to a concert f finish school c watch the news g do homework d have a shower h get up / go to bed B: Suggested answers in the morning = have a shower, get up in the afternoon = finish school, do homework at night = go to a concert, watch the news, go to bed Grammar: A: Suggested answers in the morning = have a shower, get up in the afternoon = finish school, do homework, at night = go to a concert, watch the news, go to bed Reading: B: 1 Birgit, Svetlana 2 Frankie 3 Birgit 4 Frankie C: 1 in 5 at 2 to 3 for 6 for 7 at

5 any 6a 7 any 8 any

01 REVIEW
pp. 28-29 Quiz: 1 You eat breakfast in the morning, lunch in the middle of the day and dinner at night. 2 Yes (kids is less formal than children). 3 You sleep in bed. 4 You can watch TV, any kind of sport, people in the street / park etc. 5 You can have a coffee at home, at work, in a caf... 6 People teach at school, university or college. 7 The job in a local government or tax office is civil servant. 8 You can drink tea, coffee, bear, water, wine, etc. 9 The opposite of expensive is cheap. 10 No. If there is a lot of crime, a city is not safe. 11 A city is bigger than a town. 12 Things you can read are: a book, a newspaper, a magazine, a report. 13 The opposite of south is north, and the opposite of west is east. 14 People keep fit by doing exercise. 15 A nurse works in a hospital or a clinic. Listening: A: a conversation 4 b conversation 2 c Grammar: A: 1 is 2 to go 3 any, some 4 do, am

5 Svetlana 6 Birgit 7 Svetlana 8 Frankie 4 on 8 During

pp. 26-27 Listening: A: 1 teacher 2 student 3 teacher 4 teacher 5 both

6 teacher 7 both 8 both 9 teacher 10 both

d conversation 2 e f conversation 3

D: Sentences 1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

5 playing, its 6 are 7 at, dont 8 very often

B: 1 I need to do some shopping. 2 I hardly ever play computer games. 3 Sorry, I dont understand. What does journalist mean. 4 Do you have a pencil and paper? 5 Theres a beautiful palace near the river. Its great. 6 She speaks English very well, but shes not from the UK. Verbs: A: 1 work 2 finish 3 get 4 go

Listening: A: 1 a chemists, to buy some shampoo 2 a restaurant, to get something to eat 3 a bookshop, to buy a dictionary B: 1a 2b 3a

5 spend 6 keep 7 have 8 listen

Adjectives: 1 Its an interesting job. 2 I have a quiet social life. 3 He has a small car. 4 Its a cheap restaurant. 5 Its the best place to live in the UK. 6 Its in west Paris. 7 Its a short film. 8 I have an old mobile phone. Collocations: 1 watch 2 live 3 play 4 go

Developing Conversations: A: Suggested answers a post office = to send a package, to buy a stamp a chemists = to buy some aspirins, to buy tissues a clothes shop = to buy some new clothes, to return a present a computer shop = to buy a new computer, to get some advice a caf = to have a coffee, to meet friends a supermarket = to buy food, to get a box of chocolates for a friends birthday an Internet caf = to check your emails, to chat online

5 get 6 help 7 check 8 open

pp. 32-33 Vocabulary: A: kitchen = a cupboard, plates, the sink, a table, a fridge bathroom = a cupboard, a mirror, shampoo, the sink, towels living room = a cupboard, a sofa, a mirror, a TV, a table bedroom = a cupboard, a mirror, an alarm clock, a bed B: Suggested answers kitchen = do the washing up, cut vegetables, wash your clothes bathroom = brush your teeth, wash your clothes living room = check your emails, watch DVDs bedroom = put on make-up, get dressed Reading: A: Suggested answers living with your parents = good you can save money, bad you have no personal space living on your own good you can do what you want, bad you can have no-one to talk to sharing with friends = good you have lots of company, bad you cant get in the bathroom sometimes

03 HOME
pp. 30-31 Vocabulary: A: 1 a caf 2 a chemists 3 a post office B: 1 a bookshop 2 a chemists 3 a caf 4 a clothes shop Grammar: A: 1c 2e 3a

4 a bank 5 a restaurant 6 a shoe shop

5 a shoe shop 6 a restaurant 7 a post office 8 a bank

4g5f

6d

7b

8h

B: 1 She lives in Thessaloniki (Greece) in the week and sometimes goes to the family house near Asks. 2 Thessaloniki = good there are a lot of things to do, bad the flat is very small and she shares a bedroom with her sister; Asks = good its a beautiful place, bad theres not much to do there. 3 her sister, Dimitra and her brother, Costa 4 her brother is messy (not tidy), her sister spends hours putting on her make-up and washing her hair C: 1d 2f 3a 4b 5e 6c

Grammar: A: 1 I cant sleep. 2 Can you help me? 3 Can I use your bathroom? 4 Can you turn up the music? 5 I cant find my book. 6 Can I wash some clothes? 7 We cant come next week. 8 He cant drive at the moment. D: 1 Can you move? 2 Can you take me in the car? 3 Can I talk to you later? 4 Can you set the table? 5 Can I open the window? 6 Can I make a sandwich?

Grammar: A: possessive adjectives = his, their possessive pronouns = hers, ours, theirs B: 1 Your 2 Their, ours 3 her 4 yours

5 our, theirs 6 my, yours 7 your 8 yours, hers, Mine, my

04 HOLIDAYS
pp. 36-37 Listening: B: Conversation 1 = sentence 2, great Conversation 2 = sentence 4, OK Conversation 3 = sentence 1, bad Conversation 4 = sentence 3, great C: Conversation 1 = b, f Conversation 2 = e Conversation 3 = c Conversation 4 = a, d Grammar: A: 1 go 2 do 3 have 4 be 5 come C: 1 had 2 went 3 stayed 4 watched

pp.34-35 Listening: A: 1c 5a 2d 6f 3h 7g 4e 8b C: Conversation 1 = g Conversation 2 = a Conversation 3 = h D: 1 a cant b tidy 2 a on b turn c not 3 a say b up c OK Vocabulary: A: 1 put on 2 cut 3 turn up 4 brush 5 wash 6 share

6 show 7 cook 8 stay 9 play 10 watch

7 towel 8 air-conditioning 9 cupboard 10 table 11 sink 12 alarm clock

5 was 6 came 7 got 8 spent

Developing Conversations: A: Suggested answers a That sounds nice / great. b That sounds great. c That sounds bad. d That sounds nice / bad. e That sounds interesting. f That sounds great. Pronunciation A: 1 visit 2 visited 3 played 4 tried, play

B: 2 wasnt very cheap 3 didnt get back very early 4 werent very friendly 5 wasnt very much to do 6 didnt buy very many things 7 didnt stay a very long time 8 werent very happy

5 wanted, rained 6 met, chatted 7 walk, chat 8 walked, had

pp. 40-41 Vocabulary: A: 1 b 2 d

3c

4a

5f

6e

pp. 38-39 A: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December C: 1 January the first 2 October the nineteenth 3 March the eighth 4 November the second 5 June the twenty-fourth 6 the third Monday in January Listening: A: 1 San Joan, 24 June 2 Womens Day, March 3 Martin Luther King Day, January D: 1 a made b sang c sea 2 a holiday b treat c Nobody 3 a left b mountains c sky Grammar: A: 1 didnt do 2 didnt get up 3 wasnt 4 didnt take

Reading: A: 1 Ireland 2 No, he went with Helena 3 three weeks 4 Yes, it didnt rain once 5 He spent a week in Dublin and went sightseeing every day, saw all the old buildings, in the evening they went out and enjoyed the nightlife, then they rented a car and spent two weeks driving around the country, they stayed in little bed and breakfasts and met some lovely people, they went walking in the mountains in County Mayo B: 1 flew 2 spent 3 beautiful / fun

4 worried 5 favourite 6 walking

7 anyone 8 was 9 Did

Grammar: A: 1 Did you go on holiday anywhere? 2 Where did you go? 3 Who did you go with? 4 Did you have a good time? 5 How long were you there for? 6 Where did you stay? 7 Was it very expensive? 8 Was the weather good? 9 Was the food good? B: 1d 2h 3f 4a 5e 6c 7g 8i 9b

5 werent 6 didnt answer 7 didnt have 8 didnt go

02 REVIEW
pp. 42-43 Quiz: 1 The seasons that we have warm weather are spring and summer. 2 You can buy medicine, some toothpaste, some aspirins etc. at a chemists. 3 New Years Day is 1st January. 4 You can put on all kinds of clothes or some make-up. 5 You can send a package at the post office. 6 You can got to a restaurant and have a steak. 7 You can wash your hands or do the washing up in a sink. 8 You normally have a sofa in the living room. 9 You use a mirror to put on make-up, shave, check your hair / clothes. 10 You normally brush your teeth in the bathroom. 11 You might not be able to reach the cupboard because its too high or youre too short. 12 The seasons are: spring, summer, autumn, winter 13 On holiday you can stay: in a hotel, with friends, in a bed and breakfast 14 You give someone a present on special days, for example, their birthday, on an anniversary, Womens Day, etc. 15 If you are ill you can stay in bed, have medicine, go to see a doctor or got to hospital. Listening: A: a conversation 4 b conversation 1 c conversation 2 Grammar: A: 1 on 2 next to 3 My 4 hers 5 cant 6 didnt 7 go 8 were

Collocations: 1 share 2 close 3 change 4 set Vocabulary: 1 house 2 drive 3 prefer 4 annoy 5 nightlife

5 cut 6 wash 7 turn up 8 show

6 sing 7 fun 8 clear 9 view 10 visit

05 SHOPS
pp. 44-45 Vocabulary: A: colour material green wood yellow plastic brown leather cotton

clothes shirt jeans dress

food cake cheese fish

shape square round short

B: cake, shirts, fruit, cheese, fish, red, white, yellow, brown, green, cotton, wood, square, long, round, small, square Listening: A: 1 fruit shop 2 cake shop 3 clothes shop B: Conversation 1 = six, red apples, three yellow peaches, 3.10 Conversation 2 = some yellow cake, coffee and orange cake, 5.46 Conversation 3 = T-shirt with Egypt written on it, $10 Grammar: A: 1 That 2 these 3 that 4 This Developing Conversations: A: Suggested answers: shop assistants = 1, 5, 6, 7, 8 customer = 2, 3, 4 8

d e f conversation 3

B: 1 had 2 flew 3 spent 4 saw 5 took 6 stayed

C: 1 Is there 2 Did you have 3 Wasnt it good? 4 Can you help me?

Adjectives: 1 Do you have any clean clothes? 2 Its very cold in here. 3 This rooms normally very messy. 4 Its quite cloudy today. 5 Is that towel wet? 6 The people were quite unfriendly.

5 those 6 this 7 This

B: 1 = question 4 (Can I have some ?) 2 = question 3 (How much are the apples?) 3 = question 1 (Whos next?) 4 = question 6 (How much would you like?) 5 = question 2 (What are those made of?) 6 = question 8 ( Anything else?) 7 = question 7 (How many would you like?) 8 = question 5 (Which one(s)?)

pp. 48-49 Vocabulary: A: 1 Computing and Gaming 2 Womenswear 3 Accessories 4 Beauty 5 Toys 6 Sports 7 Menswear 8 Home Entertainment B: Suggested answers: Home Entertainment = a TV, Accessories = a necklace, Computing and Gaming = a printer, Womenswear = a skirt, Toys = a board game, Beauty = perfume, Sports = a football, Menswear = a shirt C: 1 the stairs 2 the top shelf, the bottom shelf 3 the escalator, the first floor, the second floor 4 the ground floor, the first floor, the second floor 5 the main entrance 6 the till D: 1 changing room 2 the escalator 3 the main entrance 4 the lift 5 the top shelf

pp. 46-47 Reading: B: Emily: 1 Germany 2 She manages the shop. 3 in a bookshop 4 There are lots of big bookshops which have cafs and famous writers give talks, they cant do that and they are losing money. They are having a sale because they are closing the shop. 5 Shes sad because her grandfather opened it 60 years ago. 6 She doesnt really know but she doesnt want to work in another bookshop. Dalena: 1 Slovakia 2 shes a sales assistant 3 at an S & A store 4 the shop is having its summer sale 5 Shes tired but she likes it, she likes helping people find nice clothes. 6 She wants to continue working with S & A and maybe become a floor manager and then a shop manager. Maybe she can get a job in one of their shops in the UK. Grammar: A: Emily = Were having a sale because were closing the shop, lots of people are buying things, Were not getting many customers, were losing money, Im looking for a job. Dalena = Its doing very well, Were having our summer sale, Im working really hard, The shop is staying open late, They are growing at the moment. B: 1 Theyre 2 Im 3 Shes 4 economys

6 the basement 7 the ground floor 8 the stairs 9 the till

Listening: A: 1 1 radios 2 by the till, on the bottom shelf 2 1 shirts 2 in the Menswear department on the second floor 3 1 sun cream 2 in the Sports department on the fourth floor B: 1 a by 2 a On 3 a in

b On b up b over

c past c at c out of

5 teams 6 youre 7 are 8 brothers 9

06 STUDYING
pp. 50-51 Vocabulary: A: 1 Literature, History, Geography 2 Maths, Chemistry, IT (pronounced as two separate letters), Biology, Engineering, Medicine 3 PE (pronounced as two separate letters) 4 Engineering, Marketing, Law Listening: A: Subject 1 Marketing 2 Geography 3 Engineering B: 1 a doing 1 b enjoying 2 a at 2 b boring 3 a work 3 b with Developing Conversations: A: 1 OK 2 Not very well 3 Really well 4 Really well 5 Not very well 6 Really well 7 Really well 8 Not very well 9 OK

Listening: A: 1g 2c 3f 4b

5h 6a 7d 8e

Year 1st 2nd 3rd

Hows it going? Really well. Not very well. OK, but its difficult.

B: two e seven g ten or more d 16 or 18 c half past eight f six or seven b 45 minutes b between 15 and 25 minutes h between an hour and a half and three hours a D: 1 attend 2 trade 3 lasts Grammar: A: 1 very 2 really 3 very 4 quite

4 depends 5 preparation 6 foreign

5 very 6 quite 7 not very 8 really

pp. 54-55 Vocabulary: A: Spanish = Spain, Japanese = Japan, Finnish = Finland, English = England, Chinese = China, Arabic = not based on a country, Turkish = Turkey, German = Germany, Russian = Russia Reading: A: creative = have a lot of interesting ideas sensitive = knows how other people feel flexible = open to new ideas and ways caused = created solving = finding solutions to problems high grades = good results in a test / exam positive = happy and open emotional = easy to show how you feel

pp. 52-53 Vocabulary: B: a course = varied, boring, difficult a teacher = helpful, patient, strange a classmate = friendly, nice, lazy a university = popular, expensive, modern C: Suggested answers: a course = interesting a teacher = kind a classmate = helpful a university = good

10

C: The writer agrees with all the opinions except 1 some people worry about this, but the writer doesnt agree 2 70% of the worlds population is bilingual 3 growing up with two languages is better than knowing one language 4 children who speak different languages are more creative 5 these experiences can cause emotional problems which makes learning difficult 6 results are even better if students can do some things at school in their first language 7 students feel positive about both their school and their language Grammar: A: 1 higher 2 slower 3 funnier

Grammar: A: 1 those 2 Are you 3 harder 4 hes watching 5 does your brother do 6 quite 7 this, better Adjectives: 1 popular 2 tall 3 varied 4 patient 5 creative 6 sad 7 happy 8 flexible Vocabulary: 1 own 2 plastic 3 online 4 started

B: 1 not 2 Im 3 are 4 Its 5 those, really / very 6 this, bit 7 reading, its, more Collocations: 1 cause 2 improve 3 give 4 leave 5 look for 6 pay 7 have 8 go up 5 found 6 positive 7 grew 8 continues

4 more interesting 5 lazier 6 shorter

B: -er with adjectives of one syllable not ending in -e or -y, -ier with adjectives that end in y, more with adjectives with three or more syllables, sometimes with two syllables

03 REVIEW
pp. 56-57 Quiz: 1 The opposite of difficult is easy. 2 Shirt sizes are small, medium and large. 3 The main entrance of a building is at the front. 4 A retired person is usually over 65. 5 Prices are normally reduced in a shop in a sale. 6 Pieces of furniture are: a sofa, a cupboard, a wardrobe, a table, a bed, etc. 7 The opposite of make money is loose money. 8 Material is wool, leather, cotton, plastic, etc. 9 You can get a degree at university. 10 Yes, its good to be lucky. 11 The opposite of the top is the bottom. 12 A football match usually lasts 90 minutes. 13 If something improves it gets better. 14 A teacher gives you grades. Listening: 1b, c 2 a, d 3 b, d 4 c, d

07 FAMILY AND FRIENDS


pp. 58-59 Vocabulary: A: male grandfather husband dad son uncle boyfriend brother cousin B: 1 brother 2 cousin 3 son

female grandmother wife mum daughter aunt girlfriend sister cousin

4 sister 5 grandmother, mother 6 girlfriend

Listening: A: Conversation 1 = brothers and sisters Conversation 2 = cousin, girlfriend, uncle, aunt, brothers, sisters Conversation 3 = wife, son 11

B: Conversation 1 = Zoe has two brothers, her older brother, Neil is 28 and is a teacher and her younger brother, Tim is 19 and is at university. Conversation 2 = Her uncle, Giorgio is Italian and her aunt, Ruth is English. Her cousin is English and is 18, hes a year younger than her, she has 12 cousins in Italy and 9 aunts and uncles, her dad has 8 brothers and sisters. Conversation 3 = Teds wife is a nurse and his son, Ted Junior is finishing college this year. Grammar: A: 1 do 2 is 3 does 4 does, doesnt Developing Conversations: A: 1 answer 8 2 answer 7 3 answer 1 4 answer 6 Pronunciation: B: 1 Really? 2 Really? 3 Oh OK

Grammar: A: 1 have to 2 have to 3 has to 4 dont have to

5 tell 6 doesnt have to 7 have to 8 dont have to

5 are 6 are, arent 7 did 8 didnt

pp. 62-63 Listening: A: speaker 1 = the old friend speaker 2 = the friend you dont really like very much speaker 3 = the online friend speaker 4 = the friend of the family B: 1 They grew up together, Hes a photographer 2 Her husband works with Miguel, Miguel is 38 3 He met Claire online, He wants to go to the US 4 Liu is an old friend of her mums, Liu is a strong and confident woman Vocabulary: B: 1 clever = positive, because you are good at different things 2 confident = positive because you are sure of what you do and what you want to do 3 fit = positive because you are always in good shape and dont get tired easily 4 funny = positive because you can make people laugh 5 loud = negative because you cant speak around this person 6 quiet = positive because they are good listeners, negative because you dont know what they think 7 reliable = positive because you can depend on them, 8 strict = positive because you know the rules, negative because you dont have much freedom C: Suggested answers: 5 loud 1 funny 6 strict 2 fit 7 reliable 3 quiet 8 confident 4 clever

5 answer 4 6 answer 5 7 answer 2 8 answer 3

4 Really? 5 Really? 6 Oh OK

pp. 60-61 Vocabulary: A: 1c 2d 3b 4e 6I 7f 8j 9h

5a 10 g

Reading: A: mother = Hannah grandmother = Bertha a father = Roberto a nanny = Lourdes a son = Jos a daughter = Sophie an uncle = David a grandfather isnt necessary B: good thing = Bertha, Jos, David bad thing = Lourdes, Sophie, Roberto good and bad = Hannah

12

08 PLANS
pp. 64-65 Vocabulary: A: 1 go to 2 have 3 write 4 go for

5 go 6 do 7 play 8 get

more famous picture b = Shaolin monks (Buddhist Chinese monks) doing martial arts, maybe they want to exercise and become at peace with themselves picture c = a fashionable young woman working in a modern office and she has a lot of modern equipment on her desk, maybe she wants to be a successful designer picture d = a middle-aged man is working in a garden, maybe he wants to grow the biggest vegetables B: speaker 1 = picture b speaker 2 = picture c speaker 3 = picture d speaker 4 = picture a C: 1b 2b 3a 4a

B: a have a meeting with a client, write a few emails b go to the library, do my homework c go to the doctors for a check-up, go home, take a taxi home d go for a walk in the park, go for a run, play tennis, play baseball e students own answers f students own answers Listening: A: Conversation 1 = at university = study in the library, do some reading for my Literature course, go home and study Conversation 2 = on holiday = check details of my flight, I can show you some nice places where there arent too many tourists Conversation 3 = at work = going to the meeting, meet some clients, give a presentation C: Conversation 1 = 3, 5 Conversation 2 = 2, 6 Conversation 3 = 1, 4 Grammar: A: 1 are going to get 2 m not going to 3 m going to go 4 are going to have 5 Are you going to be 6 m not going to play 7 s going to 8 are you going to repair pp. 66-67 Listening: A: Suggested answers picture a = a famous person is getting out of a car and there are a lot of paparazzi, maybe she wants to be

Grammar: A: 1 get + lose 2 retire + relax 3 learn + go C: 1 Id like to buy 2 I love going 3 Id really like to learn 4 I really like going

4 start + become 5 leave + get 6 save + buy

5 I wouldnt like to live 6 I dont like shopping 7 Do you like 8 Would you like

pp. 68-69 Reading: A: text 1 = Government to expand airport text 2 = Government to introduce new road laws text 3 = Government to reduce tax text 4 = Council to cut service for young people text 5 = Council to develop citys historic centre C: 1 protest (text 1) 2 knocking down (text 5) 3 dangerous (text 5) 4 save (text 4) 5 increase (text 1) 6 speed limit (text 2) 7 expand (headline for text 1) 8 cut (headline for text 4) 9 develop (headline for text 5) 10 introduce (headline for text 2) 11 provide (text 4) 12 advice (text 4) 13

Vocabulary: A: 1 against 2 for 3 for 4 for 5 for B: Suggested answers: 1 text 4 2 text 1 and 5 3 text 4 4 text 2 and 5 5 text 5 C: 1 provide 2 cause 3 be 4 improve

6 for 7 for 8 against 9 for 10 against

Grammar: A: 1 be, am, at 2 dont 3 are 4 still, can

5 Do 6 to 7 does 8 would, there

6 text 1 and 5 7 text 5 8 text 1 9 text 1 10 text 3

B: 1 Im not going to see him 2 She doesnt have to come to the meeting. 3 Would you like to be famous some day. 4 I wouldnt like to work for that company. 5 Is he going to stay here? 6 Do I have to wait? Verbs: 1 reduce 2 stop 3 save 4 provide Adjectives: 1 fit 2 clever 3 annoyed 4 confident Collocations: 1 check 2 have 3 pick up 4 attract

5 lose 6 attract 7 works, save 8 create, make

5 increase 6 create 7 work 8 make

04 REVIEW
pp. 70-71 Quiz: 1 Your uncle is your fathers or your mothers brother. 2 You can see a doctor for a check-up. 3 You can grow vegetables, fruit, and flowers. 4 Some examples of housework are: clean the floor, do the washing-up, empty / fill the dishwasher, cook dinner, etc. 5 People tell jokes to make other people laugh. 6 The opposite of put on weight is lose weight. 7 If you develop something, its better. 8 You can borrow books / DVDs, read newspapers / magazines, use a computer in a library. 9 The opposite of fill is empty. 10 A nanny looks after children for a job. 11 Yes, If you are for a plan, you agree with it. 12 Governments sometimes cut services to save money. 13 A colleague is someone you work with and a client is someone you work for. 14 If you expand a service, you make it bigger. 15 If a school is private, you pay for your education.

5 supportive 6 funny 7 strict 8 loud

5 work 6 repair 7 stay 8 give

09 EXPERIENCES
pp. 72-73 Grammar: A: 1 been, have 2 seen, have, you 3 Have, to, havent D: 1 I went there last year. 2 I came here a few years ago. 3 I didnt like it. 4 I saw it a few weeks ago. It was great! 5 We went yesterday. We loved it!

Listening: 1 worked, 18 2 older, is 3 cousin, friendly, 4 dont agree, be good

14

Listening: A: 1 Have you been to Istanbul before? 2 When did you arrive? 3 Where have you been? 4 Did you go up the Galata Tower? 5 Have you been to Topkapi Palace? 6 How long did you spend there? 7 What are you doing later? 8 Have you seen that film Berlin? B: 1 Its her first time, Harrys been here before, but didnt see much. 2 Friday. 3 They went round the Bazaar, then they went over to Galata and walked round there. 4 No, there was a long line and they didnt want to wait. 5 Yes, they went there at the weekend. 6 All day, they were tired at the end. 7 They want to do something which isnt sightseeing. 8 No they havent, but theyd like to.

Grammar: A: lose lost lost cry cried cried fail failed failed steal stole stolen make made made work worked worked win won won do did done break broke broken fall fell fallen B: 1 won 2 broken 3 lost 4 fallen 5 failed

6 stolen 7 worked 8 cried 9 done 10 made

pp. 76-77 Vocabulary: A: 1 c 2 f

3b

4a

5d

6h

7e

8g

pp. 74-75 Vocabulary: A: 1 i 2 h 3 f 4 a 5 c 6 b 7 e 8 d 9 g B: Suggested answers: very serious = 1, 4, 9 quite serious = 2, 3, 5, 6 not very serious = 7, 8 C: 1 passed 2 won 3 found 4 was born 5 remembered

C: a embarrassing b relaxing c scary d annoying or stressful e sad f stressful g exciting h boring or stressful Listening: A: speaker 1 = relaxing speaker 2 = scary E: 1 a rented b had c got d had e sat

6 climbed on to 7 repaired 8 supported 9 married

Reading: B: Sentence 3 = His father told him Put it down to experience and in the final paragraph the writer says: Society is better if people criticise less, worry less and feel OK about making mistakes.

2 a left b opened c stopped d part e stole

15

10 TRAVEL
pp. 78-79 Vocabulary: A: 1d 2h 3f 5g 6e 7a

4b 8c

B: someone travelling = 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, someone who works for the train company = 1, 7 Listening: A: 1 two second-class singles 2 fifty-four euros and twenty cents 3 visa (credit card) 4 12.25 5 platform 6 B: 1 How 2 next 3 best 4 enter Developing Conversations: A: 1f 2a 3d 4b 5c 6g 7e 8h B: a three forty-five, a quarter to four b eight fifty-five, five to nine c nine oh five, five past nine d four fifteen, a quarter past four e three thirty, half past three f nine, nine oclock g six twenty-five, twenty-five past six h two thirty, half past two pp. 80-81 Vocabulary: A: 1 bus 2 car 3 train 5 change 6 take 7 arrive 8 help

D: 1 the part of the brain connected to memory and learning 2 has pink taxis driven by women and they only pick up women 3 London taxi drivers have to learn 320 routes and only 25% finish the course and pass the exam 4 anyone with a car can be a taxi driver 5 number of people who died in taxi wars when companies competed to control taxis and routes 6 the longest journey across the desert in Australia, the cost of the trip 7 Spanish couple paid $3,000 because the taxi driver heard the wrong city, Halden not Olden, which was over 550 kilometres away 8 the number of languages the city provides a translation service for 9 Britain has some of the worst transport problems in Europe, but it is number one for taxis as voted by tourists on a website Grammar: A: 1a 2c 3b B: 1 too 2 too many 3 too much 4 too 5 Too many, too 6 too many, too C: Suggested answers Too much pollution / smoke, too much noise, drivers are too angry, bus is too full, its too dangerous, motorbike has too many pizzas, the driver is too dangerous, the pedestrian is too lucky, is listening to music too loud, and is too worried about pollution.

4 bike 5 taxi 6 flight

pp. 82-83 Developing Conversations: A: 1b 2h 3d 4f 5c 6a 7e 8g

Reading: B: The Expensive text is untrue, all the other stories are true.

16

B: bike lanes = lanes on the road which are only for cyclists atmosphere = the feeling you get from a place live bands = group of musicians who play in front of an audience, not recorded rate = price swimming pool = large structure filled with water for people to swim in selection = a range of things to choose from style = individual way you want your hair cut good value for money =the price and the quality of what you buy is good Listening: A: Wheres the best place to eat? = Captain Nemos. Wheres the best place to go shopping? = A nice market in the main square. B: 1 can I 2 Wed like 3 cheapest 4 Do we need 5 What 6 easiest 7 takes 8 do 9 in 10 Its my

05 REVIEW
pp. 84-85 Quiz: 1 If you fail, you dont pass the exam. 2 A mountain is bigger than a hill. 3 You wait for a bus at a bus stop. 4 Bad weather or accidents can cause delays to a train 5 You can pay for something in cash, by credit / debit card or cheque. 6 Younger children, people over 65 (whatever the retirement age is in the country), people with a disability (blind etc.) get a discount on public transport. 7 Many possibilities. Examples are: British Airways, EasyJet, Singapore Airlines, ect. 8 Its good if a service is reliable, it means you can depend on it. 9 Any kind of food can be delicious. 10 No, good value means cheap, not expensive. 11 You can miss a bus, a plane, a train (any public transport) 12 Its dark at night. 13 Traffic lights are: red = stop, yellow = wait, green = go. 14 The opposite of alive is dead. 15 A guard protects a person or building. Listening: 1 three, relax 2 annoyed, in cash 3 6.00, has time 4 someone stole his bag, a bone Grammar: A: 1 Have you ever been, I went. 2 Has your son, He saw. 3 Have they visited, the came. 4 has she met, We had. 5 Have you tried, I didnt like B: 1 Thats her best book 2 He has done this hundreds of times. 3 The easiest way to get there is by taxi. 4 Ive never read anything by Gnther Grass. 5 His books are much too long. 6 There are too many guns in our society. 7 The Alhambra is the most beautiful building in Spain. 8 I played a really good computer game yesterday. Adjectives: 1 near 2 stressful 3 boring 4 poor 5 simple 6 amazing 7 happy 8 impossible 17

Grammar: A: the best, the worst, the fastest, the smallest, the earliest, the hottest, the most boring, the most interesting B: 1 the quickest 2 the most beautiful 3 the cheapest, the most expensive 4 the most dangerous 5 the worst 6 the most difficult Speaking: A: 1 the best 2 the worst 3 the oldest 4 the easiest 5 the cheapest 6 the biggest 7 the most beautiful

8 the most popular 9 the most famous 10 the most important 11 the most delicious 12 the best 13 the worst

Collocations: 1 repair 2 repeat 3 arrive 4 book Vocabulary: 1 born 2 driver 3 supported 4 cycling

5 get off 6 remember 7 charge 8 lose

Developing Conversations: A: 1 You dont eat meat? 2 You dont take cards? 3 You dont want any dessert? 4 So you dont have any free tables? 5 So you dont drink alcohol? B: a 3 b1 c4 d5 e2

5 motorways 6 lanes 7 society 8 divorced

11 FOOD
pp. 86-87 Vocabulary: A: menu = list of food in a restaurant bill = piece of paper saying how much to pay service = tip included as part of the bill to give to the waiter for serving you tip = to give extra money to the waiter for service starters = small amount of food at the start of a meal main course = the biggest part of a meal table = the place you sit at in a restaurant booked = made a reservation in advance dessert = the sweet part of a meal order = tell the waiter what you want to eat and drink B: 4 A = customer 1 A = customer 5 A = waiter / waitress 2 A = customer 6 A = waiter / waitress 3 A = waiter / waitress Correct order = 4, 1, 6, 3, 5, 2 Listening: A: 1 Can we have a table for two, please? 2 Have you booked? 3 Can we see the menu, please 4 Would you like any dessert? 5 Can we have the bill, please? 6 Does this include service? B: 1 they havent booked a table, the menu isnt in English, the fish is finished 2 the woman orders a bird similar to chicken and the man orders a steak 3 they might, but service (the tip) is already included in the bill

pp. 88-89 Vocabulary: A: 1 meat 2 vegetables 3 fruit 4 seafood 5 dairy products

6 nuts 7 beans 8 fish 9 drinks

B: 2 basic foods except cream 3 dairy products except wine 4 fruit except eggs 5 drinks except carrots 6 vegetables except lemons 7 meat except tomatoes 8 beans except chicken C: 1 beef, steak, lamb, chicken 2 potatoes, tomatoes, onions, broad beans (fresh) 3 apples, oranges, bananas, kiwis 4 nothing 5 cheese, butter, milk, cream 6 nothing 7 broad beans (dried), peas, soya 8 nothing 9 beer, wine, water, milk, fruit juice, tea, coffee Reading: B: 1 true 2 true 3 false most people become vegetarians for moral reasons 4 false the WHO has recommended that people should eat a minimum of five portions of fruit and vegetables every day 5 false only around 30% of Britons eat the recommended amounts of fruit and vegetables 6 true

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Grammar: A: 1 different, a bit of is less 2 different, any is less 3 different, any is less 4 the same 5 the same 6 different, some is less B: 1 a lot of 2 many 3 much C: 1 many 2 a bit of 3 a few pp. 90-91 Vocabulary: A: 1 fry: steak, onions 2 grill: chicken, peppers 3 boil: potatoes, pasta 4 roast: meat, vegetables 5 stuff: chicken, courgettes 6 chop: carrots, garlic 7 slice: potatoes, meat 8 stir: coffee, soup Listening: A: 1 potatoes and lamb 2 slice, chop, roast, fry B: b, f, d, c, a, h, e, g C: a them = onions c one = potato d they = potatoes e it = the cooking f them = plates h its = the lamb Grammar: A: 1 Would you like to 2 Would you like me to 3 Would you like to 4 Would you like 5 Would you like me to 6 Would you like B: 1 f 2 e 3 d 4 c 5 a 6 b

12 FEELINGS
pp. 92-93 Listening: A: a leg, back b stomach c stomach B: 1 picture c 2 picture d 3 picture b 4 picture f 5 picture a 4 much 5 much 6 a few Vocabulary: A: 1 headache 2 burnt 3 stiff 4 cough 5 cold

d arm, head e hand, foot f chest C: a conversation 3 b conversation 4 c conversation 1 d conversation 5 e conversation 2

6 hurts 7 infection 8 cut 9 hungry 10 sick

Grammar: A: 1 you should lie down 2 we should cancel the meeting 3 you should go out and get some fresh air 4 you should see someone 5 you shouldnt play tennis B: picture a = you should do a more relaxing sport, you shouldnt pick up a heavy bag picture b = you should go home picture c = you shouldnt miss meals picture d = you should be more careful when cycling, you shouldnt ride so fast picture e = you should be more careful when cooking, you shouldnt touch hot things picture f = you should have a rest pp. 94-95 Vocabulary: B: 1 sad 2 angry 3 happy 4 tired

5 annoyed 6 stressed 7 relaxed 8 excited

19

D: Suggested answers cry = sad, angry look forward to = excited, happy do a test = stressed fall asleep = relaxed, tired smile = happy, excited, relaxed lie on a beach = relaxed, happy shout = angry, annoyed, stressed have to wait = stressed, angry, annoyed Listening: A: 1 happy 2 angry 3 stressed 4 happy 5 positive

Grammar: A: article 1 = has raised, has helped, has opened, has also helped article 2 = have died, has closed article 3 = have now left the country B: 1 have saved 2 have sent 3 have started 4 have died

5 have gone up 6 have arrested 7 have escaped 8 has raised

6 bored 7 annoyed 8 excited / relaxed 9 tired

06 REVIEW
pp. 100-101 Quiz: 1 You can carry a handbag backpack, money, wallet, purse, etc. 2 Yes. If you recommend something, it means its good. 3 If something rises, it goes up. 4 The police arrest people when someone has committed a crime. 5 Vegetarians dont eat meat. 6 Things that make people stressed are: lot of work, not having enough time, a situation they cant control. 7 If something hurts, you can take an aspirin, or other medicine. 8 Dinner courses are: starter, main course, dessert. 9 You leave a tip in a caf or restaurant, because the service or food was good. 10 People feel angry if they have an argument. Theay might shout or talk loudly. 11 If you come first in arace, you get a gold medal. 12 You roast food in an oven. 13 No, soft drinks do not have alcohol in them. 14 To improve taste you can add: salt, pepper, spices, etc. 15 If you are looking forward to something, you feel happy and excited. Listening: 1 a false 1 b true 2 a true 2 b false Grammar: A: 1 has broken 2 have raised 3 havent ordered

B: 1 happy because she got a seat and could read her book 2 her boss shouted at her and told them they needed to work harder 3 she got a headache 4 her aunt always makes her smile 5 it was a successful afternoon, she sold a few things 6 she had to answer 30 emails, it was slow and not very interesting 7 she had to wait 30 minutes for the bus, it was full and she couldnt sit and read 8 she went for a run with her friend and talked about their holiday 9 she fell asleep on the sofa Reading: A: 1 spending time with relatives made them happier than spending time with children 2 less happy at work / doing housework 3 increase taxes on higher salaries 4 dont change education, healthcare, etc. too much

pp. 96-97 Reading: A: 1 = Lost man finds his mission 2 = Fast-food figure goes fast 3 = Heavy rain E: Suggested answers The text about Greg Mortenson is positive.

3 a true 3 b false 4 a false 4 b false

4 Have they included 5 Have you added 6 have taken 20

B: 1 a few 2 much 3 us to drive C: 1 should 2 me 3 have Adjectives: 1 bored 2 full 3 scientific 4 excited Collocations: 1 escape 2 boil 3 prove 4 save Vocabulary: 1 weight 2 boil 3 oil 4 vegetables

4 A lot of 5 any 6 I had

Conversation 3 forecast = cold, maybe snow; decide to = do some shopping for Christmas Grammar: A: 1 might 2 are going to 3 might 4 might, its (definitely) going to 5 its going to, might Developing Conversations: A: 1 What time? 4 How long for? 2 Who with? 5 Why? 3 What for? 6 How?

4 many 5 some 6 any 5 delicious 6 healthy 7 annoyed 8 high

5 leave 6 affect 7 stop 8 cancel 5 fat 6 report 7 disease 8 after

pp. 102-103 Reading: A: Six reasons not to live in the countryside. C: the smell the cows the shops the people the dirt the scenery

13 NATURE
pp. 100-101 Vocabulary: A: 1 cold, ice, snow 2 windy, sunny, warm 3 rain, cloudy, storm 4 hot, dry, sunny B: Suggested answers autumn = rain, cloudy, wet, warm, windy, storm winter = snow, rain, ice, cloudy, cold spring = rain, sunny, warm, windy summer = hot, dry, storm Listening: A: Conversation 1 forecast = quite hot, 35 degrees; decide to = go to the swimming pool and have lunch in the caf Conversation 2 forecast = rain this morning but dry this afternoon; decide to = relax this morning and take the car and go for a walk in the hills this afternoon

D: 1 false farmers put chemicals in the fields 2 true 3 true 4 false your choice of friends is limited 5 true 6 true Vocabulary: A: Country agricultural farm peaceful fields cottage hunting slow soil crops hills horse grass

City traffic lights block of flats crime convenient shopping centre entertainment park factory noisy traffic crowded polluted

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C: 1 1 block of flats 2 convenient 3 entertainment 2 4 cottage (note the answer cant be farm because of the preposition = in a cottage, on a farm) 5 peaceful 6 agricultural 7 crops 8 hunting pp.104-105 Vocabulary: A: Suggested answers animals that hunt cats, bear, lion, dog animals that run fast dog, cat, horse, lion, bear animals that eat meat cat, dog, bear, lion animals found in the wild bear, lion, horse, rabbit B: cat, dog, cow, horse, pig, sheep, bear, lion, rabbit Listening: A: Camels: leather = they use camel skins to make leather radar = cars have a camel radar to tell you if they are nearby because they can damage your car if you hit them the desert = the camels can travel for days across the desert without food or water entertainment = they are used for camel racing protein = camel meat is high in protein Pau Brasil tree: cut down = there was quite a big problem because lots of the Pau Brasil trees were cut down dye = a red dye produced from the tree and sold, but in the nineteenth century they started using chemicals to make the dyes in factories, it probably saved the tree! protected = the tree is protected by law now a violin bow = the wood from the tree is used to make bows C: 1 food 2 water 3 quieter 4 fat 5 Camel skins 6 foreign children 7 15 metres 8 Atlantic coast 9 orange 10 red 11 nineteenth century 12 by law

B: 1 is used 2 was introduced 3 are found 4 are sometimes eaten 5 were hunted, are protected 6 were cut down, was sold

C: 1 a police officer, the police 2 the government 3 my company, my parents 4 the Chinese, Tsai, Lun 5 a woman, JK Rowling

14 OPINIONS
pp. 106-107 Speaking: A: a film = we watch at the cinema, a play = we watch at the theatre, a musical = a play or film that uses singing and dancing as part of the story, a concert = a live performance by musicians Vocabulary: A: 1 funny 2 sad 3 violent 4 scary 5 predictable

6 brilliant 7 terrible 8 strange 9 depressing 10 entertaining

B: positive = 1 funny, it really made me laugh; 6, brilliant, one of the best things Ive ever seen; 8 strange, very unusual; 10, entertaining, I really enjoyed it negative = 2 sad, I cried a lot at the ending; 3 violent, there was a lot of killing and a lot of blood in it; 4, scary, I spent half the film hiding behind the sofa; 5 predictable, After ten minutes, you know how its going to end; 7 terrible, one of the worst things Ive seen in a long time; 8 strange, very unusual; 9 depressing, I felt sad for days afterwards Listening: A: Conversation 1 = 1 only the man saw it 2 it was brilliant, really scary, its great, a very clever film 3 no, sounds terrible, not her kind of film Conversation 2 = 1 both speakers saw it 2 the man said it was OK, nothing special, entertaining in places but story was stupid, the woman thought it was brilliant, dancing and music were great and very funny, she cried at the ending

Grammar: A: cut down, found, eaten, sold, introduced, hunted, used, protected

22

B: 1 a called 2 a of

b of b places

c like c dancing

d sounds d ending

e Honestly e found

Developing Conversations: A: 1 d 2 c 3 f 4 a 5 h

Grammar: A/B: a = story 2 (pessimistic) b = story 4 (pessimistic) c = story 5 (optimistic) d = story 3 (optimistic) e = story 1 (optimistic) C: 1 wont 2 wont 3 wont 4 wont pp. 110-111 Vocabulary: A: 1 a quite weak 2 a very bad 3 a not very open 4 a good 5 a quite poor 6 a very good

6b

7g

8e 5 wont 6 will 7 will 8 will

pp. 108-109 Speaking: Picture 1 = Human interest story, with war damage Picture 2 = end of a sports tournament, award being given out Picture 3 = celebrity wedding Listening: A: Suggested answers International news, national news, financial news, sports news, show business news, the weather forecast B: 1 national news (general election) 2 financial news (company lost 385 million dollars last year) 3 international (abroad, peace talks between ) 4 show business news (Shaneez has got engaged to TV Idol winner) 5 sports news (Frances World Cup match against Brazil) *news item not needed = the weather forecast D: 1 Both the Peoples Party and the Popular Front are optimistic, but most people think that they will probably have to share power. Voting starts at seven in the morning and closes at ten. 2 NBE is going to cut five thousand jobs because the company lost 385 million dollars last year, and plans to close its two biggest factories. 3 Peace talks between Adjikistan and Kamistan have failed they disagree about where the border should be, both countries receive funding and military help from their powerful neighbours. 4 TV Idol winner, Shaneez, has got engaged, she plans to marry her boyfriend of two months, actor and model Kevin Smith. 5 France go into their important World Cup match against Brazil without their captain who injured himself in training yesterday and may now miss the rest of the competition.

b strong b very bad b very friendly b not very nice b very good b not very good

c strong c not a problem c not very open c not very nice c very good c very good

Reading: B: Group A: 1 five years 2 to work 3 yes, I really like it here 4 they are very relaxed and open 5 likes it, its basically warm all year round, but if you want snow you can go to the mountains and ski 6 the facilities are fantastic, very efficient (as long as you have medical insurance) 7 good, there are lots of jobs in computers and technology and wages are high 8 in the big cities there are a lot of murders and walking the streets is dangerous, but Ive never seen anything like that 9 no, maybe just to visit my family for a holiday (The writer is probably from an extremely northern or southern country. He says they dont have long, dark winters where he is now, hes probably in the US because of the climate and the healthcare situation.)

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Group B: 1 a few years ago 2 because of the war in my country 3 Its OK, but I miss my friends and family 4 they are nice and polite but its difficult to really know them 5 I like it, it rains quite a lot 6 it was good, when I arrived I needed treatment and the doctors were kind and efficient 7 good, Ive always found work 8 yes, my house was robbed once but its not dangerous to walk the streets 9 not sure. I like the weather and the wages are good, but misses family (The writer is probably from a country that was recently at war, hes probably in the UK because of the people and the weather.) Grammar: B: 1 Its easy to find work here. 2 Meeting people was difficult. 3 Its helpful to learn the local language. 4 It was good to meet people in the same situation. 5 Sitting and having a coffee by the river is nice. 6 Its important not to criticise people if you want to do well.

They feel unhappy / scared. 14 If there are lots of dark clouds its going to rain. 15 Places that often get crowded are any public transport, buses, trains etc. or concerts. Listening: A: a 3 b 1 B: e 4 f 2 Grammar: A: 1 is produced 2 were hunted 3 are protected B: 1 going 2 will 3 to

c2 g1

d4 h3

4 was cut down 5 was that book written 6 was this made

4 might 5 go 6 Going

C: 1 I wont do it before Friday. 2 Its easy to find work there. 3 I mightnt go to the party. 4 I think theyll miss her a lot. 5 It isnt / It is not usually served with rice. 6 Do you think theyll win? Adjectives: 1 wild 2 dangerous 3 economic 4 varied Collocations: 1 invite 2 vote 3 solve 4 grow Vocabulary: 1 cottage 2 neighbour 3 soil 4 provide 5 optimistic 6 peaceful 7 predictable 8 crowded

07 REVIEW
pp. 112-113 Quiz: 1 You find grass in a garden or park. 2 Many answers possible. Suggestions: Shakespeare, Oscar Wilde (any playwright). 3 You see a cottage in a village. 4 In a general election you elect a new government. 5 You might miss your friends and family when you or they are away from home. 6 The problem if there is a lot of unemployment is there isnt enough work and the economy is not good. 7 You get a wage for working. 8 Farmers use chemicals to help their fruit or vegetables grow. 9 There is ice on the road when its very cold. 10 The opposite of noisy is quiet. 11 Three kinds of entertainment are: cinema, theatre, musicals, museums, concerts etc. 12 A political party might have to share power when one party didnt win the election with a majority. 13 People have nightmares when they are sleeping.

5 steal 6 fail 7 make 8 damage

5 entertainment 6 horse 7 hunting 8 fresh

24

15 TECHNOLOGY
pp. 114-115 Vocabulary: A: 1 digital camera 2 washing machine 3 laptop 4 games console

5 mobile phone 6 dishwasher 7 hairdryer 8 vacuum cleaner

C: 1 a cable = picture 7, 8 2 a screen = picture 3, 4, 5 3 a plug = picture 7, 8 4 a keyboard = picture 3 5 turn on, turn off = all of them 6 battery = picture 1 7 buttons, press = all of them Listening: A:
Kind of machine 1 laptop Brand Bell Whats good about it? a lot of memory, not too heavy, battery lasts a long time does everything a small laptop does, easy to use, full keyboard, good if you send a lot of emails uses lots of online games, sound is great, looks great on the screen, not too expensive

Reading: A: 1 because it spreads like a virus on the computer 2 you get messages or videos on your computer from websites or individuals on sites like Facebook or YouTube 3 because it spreads quickly and more widely, and targets the right people 4 with cheaper products that people buy without thinking too much 5 depends on students 6 many people see it as no different from junk mail and dont want to click on unknown links, people may misunderstand or not realise its connected to a product C: target = verb methods = noun joined = noun junk emails = noun unknown = adjective misunderstanding = verb Grammar: A: move quickly, spread news more quickly and more widely, move quickly and easily, uses these new methods, often very creatively, it works badly B: 1 late 2 quietly 3 quickly 4 early 5 hard 6 well 7 slowly 8 badly

2 smart phone

Kotika

3 games console

Bonny

Grammar: A: 1 am thinking of buying 2 is thinking of doing 3 are thinking of going 4 am thinking of changing 5 are thinking of buying 6 are thinking of going 7 am thinking of getting 8 is thinking of studying

16 LOVE
pp. 120-121 Vocabulary: A: 1 a girlfriend is someone a man is seeing romantically, wife is someone a man is married to, a partner is someone we live together with or have been together for a long time (may or may not be married) 2 the equivalents for men are girlfriend = boyfriend, wife = husband, partner = partner B: girlfriend / boyfriend = a date + asked me out, live together + move in wife / husband = married + wedding, anniversary + married, divorced + jealous, in-laws + approve either = broken up + getting on, pregnant + baby 25

pp. 118-119 Speaking: A: 1 a woman selling things in a market, shes shouting about the products 2 a poster 3 a call centre, people call you at home to sell you things 4 ads in the newspaper

C: 1 anniversary + married 2 pregnant + baby 3 married + wedding 4 a date + asked me out

5 divorced + jealous 6 live together + move in 7 broken up + getting on 8 in-laws + approve

Grammar: A: 1 werent looking 2 were driving 3 was playing 4 was working C: 1 were having 2 was staying 3 was opening 4 were visiting

D: Suggested answers 1 Fantastic! What are you going to do for them? 2 Great! Do you know if its a boy or a girl? 3 Id love to! When is the wedding? 4 Really! Where are you going? 5 Oh dear, how is she feeling? 6 Great! Do you need any help moving? 7 Oh no! Would you like to talk about it? 8 Really! Why didnt they approve? Listening: A: 1 Owen and his girlfriend, hes going to move in with her 2 Gerrard, hes getting married next May 3 Fiona and Kieran, they are getting divorced 4 a guy in her French class, they are going on a date B: 1 a have they been 1 b good-looking 2 a sometime 2 b Whats

5 was doing 6 was walking 7 was watching 8 was listening

pp. 124-125 Grammar: A: 1 Ill call later, I promise. 2 I wont tell anyone, I promise. 3 Ill try harder, I promise. 4 I wont be late, I promise. 5 I wont make a mess, I promise. 6 Ill tell you when I hear more news, I promise. B: 1 I wont 2 I will 3 I will Reading: B: 1 double 2 let go 3 encourage 4 fade 5 slip up

3 a tell 3 b shame 4 a guy 4 b tall

4 I wont 5 I will 6 I wont

pp. 122-123 Listening: B: 1 third picture: she fell in love with the house 2 first picture: he fell in love with a guitar 3 second picture: she fell in love with someone she met in Second Life C: 1 a true 1 b false they were driving home from another appointment when they saw it, the house of their dreams 1 c false they offered the price they were asking 2 a true 2 b true 2 c false he makes guitars for a living 3 a false Second Life is an online world where you create virtual characters 3 b false it was an online nightclub 3 c true

6 tend 7 weeds 8 remain 9 trust

C: Suggested answers 1 New born a parent to a new child 2 Breaking up a couple where one partner is talking to the other 3 In memory a husband or wife talking to their partner who has died 4 A threat kept a friend talking to another friend

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Speaking: B: Suggested answers a couple who are in love = Ill love you forever, Ill always trust you a child to a parent = Ill respect you, I wont eat my vegetables a student to a teacher = Ill do my homework, I wont be late for class a teacher = Ill encourage you to do better, Ill mark your homework on time a boss = Ill double your salary if you work harder, Ill respect your opinion a politician = Ill do my best for the country, Ill reduce taxes

B: 1 I cant run very quickly because I have a bad leg. 2 He works too hard. 3 Can you swim well? 4 I didnt do badly in my exam. 5 We arrived early so that we could get a seat. 6 It only worked successfully for a while. C: 1 were 2 late 3 wasnt Nouns: 1 anniversary 2 sight 3 influence 4 email Collocations: 1 receive 2 promise 3 plant 4 move Vocabulary: 1 threatened, go 2 trust, broken

4 getting 5 wont 6 be

08 REVIEW
pp. 126-127 Quiz: 1 The opposite of advantage is disadvantage. 2 Musical instruments: piano, guitar, flute, etc. 3 You might have a date with someone you like romantically. 4 You have appointments with professional people, e.g. doctor, dentist, accountant. 5 You say what a shame to express sympathy or disappointment. 6 Couples break up because they dont get on anymore or they have argued. 7 Your in-laws are your wifes or husbands parents. 8 In a nightclub you dance, drink, be with friends. 9 To accept an offer you can say, Yes, thanks. 10 You replace a battery when it has run out. 11 A computer has a keyboard. 12 If something is complicated it means it is difficult. 13 You can download music, films, podcasts from the Internet. 14 You can encourage someone by saying: You can do it! Go on! Youre doing well! etc. 15 Clothes, e.g. jeans, photographs, colours, light and memories can all fade. Listening: 1 a false 1 b false 2 a true 2 b false Grammar: A: 1 am 2 was

5 link 6 diary 7 method 8 brand

5 slip up 6 press 7 join 8 approve

3 argued, dishwasher 4 turn, plug

3 a false 3 b false 4 a false 4 b true

3 were 4 are

5 are 6 was 27

WRITING LESSONS 01 FORMS


pp. 128-129 Vocabulary: A: 1 whats your first name? 2 whats your surname? 3 do you have a middle name? 4 where are you from? 5 where do you live? 6 whats your telephone number? 7 when were you born? Writing: SURNAME: Abbott FIRST NAME: David MIDDLE NAME: Sebastian GENDER: male NATIONALITY: Canadian DATE OF BIRTH: 4/10/1980 ADDRESS: 25 Cook Street, Dublin TELEPHONE NUMBER: 07791773119 Vocabulary: A: Country: Canada, Scotland, Australia, Thailand, Japan, Italy, Poland, Spain, Mexico, Egypt Nationality: American, Irish, Indian, English, Chinese, French, German, Russian, Brazilian, Turkish B: 1 Brazilian footballers 2 Japanese women in kimonos 3 Italian food (pizza) 4 Chinese writing 5 German car (Mercedes-Benz) 6 Scottish man in a kilt 7 Russian folk dancing 8 French bread

Key Words for Writing: 1 I play volleyball and golf. 2 Bangkok is really crowded and polluted. 3 I like reading, learning languages and computers. 4 My brother lives in Dubai and my sister lives in Istanbul. 5 I live with my mum, dad, sister, aunt and grandfather.

03 CARDS
pp. 132-133 Speaking: A: 1 a wedding card 2 a Mothers Day card 3 a Christmas card 4 a Valentine card 5 a birthday card 6 a get well soon card Vocabulary: 1 Dear 2 Best 3 and 4 love 5 best Key Words of Writing: A: 1 d 2 c 3 f 4 b

5a

6e

02 PEN FRIENDS
pp. 130-131 Writing: A: 1 first 2 full 3 usually 4 foreign 5 student

6 part-time 7 meeting 8 playing 9 brothers 10 parents

B: Suggested answers 1 Maybe the person wants to go to a restaurant. Yes, or maybe they want to go to dancing. 2 Maybe there is bad weather. Yes, or maybe the public transport is not working today. 3 Maybe the person is giving a present. Yes, or maybe the person is cooking something, 4 Maybe they are talking about a football match. Yes. Or maybe they are talking about a water polo game. 5 Maybe they are waiting to see the doctor. Yes, or maybe they are on public transport and there is a delay.

28

04 MAKING ARRANGEMENTS
pp. 134-135 Writing: A: 1 what 2 where 3 four 4 that 5 me C: a Bedford Road b the station c Clarendon Street d caf blue Grammar: A: 1 do you finish 2 is 3 dont start 4 leaves

B: 1 near 2 on 3 from 4 easy 5 can

B: Hi Im planning to come to Id like to visit you in , if possible Can you send me an email to If and when I can visit. Also, where else do you think I should go while Im in going to stay for about three weeks Best, Writing 2: 1 really pleased 2 you like 3 OK with you Key Words for Writing: A: 1 d 2 e 3 c 4 b 4 it depends 5 you prefer 6 the weathers nice

5a

5 doesnt open 6 arrives 7 closes 8 ends

C: 1 like 2 possible 3 necessary 4 weather 5 OK

Key Words for Writing: 1 I work in Leeds, which is about 30 kilometres from my house. 2 I come from Gabon, which is in central Africa. 3 The party is in Menteng, which is in the centre of the city. 4 Theres an Italian restaurant near the cinema, which does really good pizza. 5 I want to see a film called Departures, which starts at eight.

06 DESCRIBING FOOD
pp. 138-139 Writing: A: 1 typical 2 healthy 3 red 4 grill

5 pork 6 pasta 7 heard 8 share

05 VISITING FRIENDS
pp. 136-137 Vocabulary: A: a church b island c gallery d tower e beach Writing 1: A: 1 planning 2 like 3 Can

f waterfall g castle h mosque i lake

Key Words for Writing: B: 1 I got the job, even though I didnt have any experience. 2 I got a job in Japan, even though I dont speak any Japanese. 3 Even though I didnt study, I passed my exam. 4 Even though Im not very good at cooking, I love it. 5 Theyre going to move to Italy, even though they dont speak Italian and they havent got any work there.

4 when 5 where 6 while

29

07 DESCRIBING PHOTOS
pp. 140-141 Writing: A: 1 her tail, cheer up, cute 2 protected, forest, wolves Key Words for Writing: A: Text 1: Im feeling a lot better now so I might go back to school Text 2: I live in Vancouver so we often go there; a warm day, so we didnt get cold so to mean very: so wet B: 1 I look so strange in this photo. 2 It was his birthday, so I made him a cake. 3 It rained a lot, so we spent most of the holiday indoors. 4 I was so happy when I opened the present. 5 You cant see her very well in the photo because it was so dark. 6 We missed our plane, so we had to wait in the airport for six hours. C: 1 You look so young there! 2 It snowed, so we didnt go. 3 I wanted to show you my dog, so I took a photo. 4 You look so bored. Were you? Grammar: 1 looks bored 2 tasted horrible 3 got really cold 4 seemed nice 5 look stupid 6 sounded great

Writing: 1j 2b 6h 7e

3a 8d

4c 9i

5g 10 f

Grammar: A: j Thanks for the present. Its great, but (its) too much! b Do you want to meet for lunch? a Thats a good idea. See you at twelve. c Ive gone to lunch. B: 1 Melissa phoned. Going to be late. 2 Can you go to shops? Need milk and packet of pasta. 3 Had to go out. Dinner in fridge. Heat up in microwave.

GRAMMAR REFERENCE 01 STARTER UNIT


pp. 144 PLURALS Exercise 1 1 Do you have any pens? 2 We have three children. 3 There are three big factories near here. 4 I want three bottles of water, please. 5 Men dont talk about how they feel. 6 He is six years old. A / AN / SOME Exercise 1 1 some 2a 3 some 4 an

08 TEXT MESSAGES AND NOTES


pp. 142-143 Vocabulary: A: 1 Im eighteen. / Im late. 2 See you later today. 3 Are you OK? 4 Anyone there yet? 5 Thanks for your help. 6 Just arrived. Great to be here! B: 1 c u 2moro / morrow 2 r u free now? 3 can u b / be here asap 4 on my way. need nething?

5 some 6a 7 an 8 A, some

02 STARTER UNIT
pp. 144-145 DONT / DO Exercise 1 1 Dont talk to him. 2 She doesnt like me. 3 I dont like her. 4 We dont go to the cinema a lot. 5 He doesnt work. 6 Do you like tea? 7 Where do you work? 8 Which one do they want? 9 Does she play tennis? 10 When does the class finish? 30

PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES Exercise 1 5 him 1I 6 their 2 my 7 We 3 She 8 me 4 it BE Exercise 1 2 Hes 16. / He is 16. 3 My sisters a doctor. / My sister is a doctor. 4 My children are both girls. 5 Theyre late. / They are late. 6 Its six oclock. / It is six oclock. 7 Im not hungry. / I am not hungry. 8 Were not married. / We are not married. 9 It isnt very expensive. / It is not very expensive. 10 Are you very tired? 11 Is it nice? 12 How old are they? GRAMMAR Exercise 1 1 parents 2 houses 3 women 4 children 5 babies Exercise 2 1a 2 His 3 am 4 them 5 an

Exercise 5 1 am 2 my 3 are 4 live 5 an

6a 7 is 8 His 9 she 10 them

01 PEOPLE AND PLACES


pp. 146-147 THE VERB BE Exercise 1 1 Im cold. 2 Youre in Class 1. 3 Hes not here today. 4 Shes my sister. 5 Its not / It isnt very nice. 6 Were on holiday. 7 Theyre late. Exercise 2 1 A: are B: m / am 2 A: are, Are B: m / am , m / am 3 A: are, Are B: re / are 4 A: is, Is B: s, s 5 A: s / is B: m / am, is THERE IS / THERE ARE Exercise 1 1 There are 2 There isnt 3 Theres 4 There arent

6 factories 7 people 8 cars 9 men 10 apples

6 His 7 some 8 she 9 Do 10 some

5 Theres 6 There arent 7 Theres 8 There are

Exercise 3 1 How are you? 2 Ask him. 3 I like you. 4 She wants some coffee. 5 When does your class start? 6 I dont watch sport. 7 My brother has a nice car. 8 He doesnt talk to her. Exercise 4 1 Do 2 does 3 Are 4 do 5 is 6 is 7 Are 8 do

Exercise 2 1 There are no cheap hotels. 2 There arent any jobs here. 3 Theres / There is a lovely river in the town. 4 There is / Theres a lot of noise. 5 There is a lot of traffic in my hometown. THE PRESENT SIMPLE Exercise 1 1 has 2 like 3 do Exercise 2 1 do 2 does 3 does 4 does

4 dont 5 doesnt 6 has

5 do 6 does 7 do 8 does 31

REVISION Exercise 1 1 I dont like French food. 2 Im not hungry. 3 She doesnt work here. 4 Theyre not / They arent from this country. 5 I dont work at the weekends. 6 Hes not / He isnt in the office today. 7 They dont live together. 8 Its not / It isnt cold today. 9 There arent any shops in the village. 10 There isnt any sugar in the kitchen. Exercise 2 1 doesnt like 2 arent 3 do, leave 4 isnt 5 arent / re not are Exercise 3 1 are 2 do 3 has 4 am / m is 5 doesnt / does not

Exercise 2 1 I often sleep until 12 on Sunday mornings. 2 My parents hardly ever do sport. 3 I dont go shopping very often. 4 I never decide what to do in my family. 5 A: Do you ever go out dancing? 6 A: What time do you usually get up? A / ANY AND ONE / SOME Exercise 1 1a 2a 3 any 4 any 5 any, an REVISION Exercise 1 1 love + usually 2 hardly ever + need 3 want + very often 4 often + like 5 hate + never 6 hate + always Exercise 2 1 I like meeting new people. 2 I want to buy a computer game. 3 Do you like listening music? 4 I hardly ever go to the cinema. 5 I sometimes chat on the Internet. 6 I usually play tennis on Wednesdays. 7 What time do you usually get home? 8 Do you ever go out dancing? Exercise 3 1 Do you have any white paper? 2 Does he have a job at the moment? 3 Do you want a tissue? 4 Do you need an alarm clock? 5 Do you have any scissors? 6 Do you need any help?

6 Is 7 has 8 Are 9 dont understand 10 does, live 6 dont 7 is, works 8 Do 9 has, dont 10 Does

Exercise 2 1 one 2 some 3 one 4 some 5 some

02 FREE TIME
pp. 148-149 VERB FORMS Exercise 1 1 swimming 2 to go out 3 to go 4 dancing

5 like 6 to study 7 playing 8 to decide, to have

Exercise 2 1 My brother likes to read a lot. 2 Does she speak English? 3 My parents say they want to have more time. 4 I dont really enjoy working in an offi ce. 5 I always try to go to bed before 11. 6 I need to finish my homework before I go out. ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY Exercise 1 1 sometimes 2 hardly ever 3 never

4 usually 5 never 6 always

32

03 HOME
pp. 150-151 PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE Exercise 1 1 at 2 in 3 on 4 on 5 in

Exercise 3 1 A: cant B: on, between A: Can 2 B: on, my, his A: sons, cant

6 next 7 on 8 in 9 between 10 on, on

04 HOLIDAYS
pp. 152-153 THE PAST SIMPLE Exercise 1 1 I went shopping and got some new boots. go, get 2 I was lucky. I found 20 on the pavement. be, find 3 I slept badly because I drank too much coffee. sleep, drink 4 We met at school. I sat next to her in class. meet, sit 5 I spent three years in Japan. I taught English there. spend, teach 6 I saw her yesterday and she said hello to you. see, say Exercise 2 1 went 2 made 3 sat 4 ate 5 talked

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES AND PRONOUNS Exercise 1 5 your, Simons 1 parents 6 My, yours 2 Melanies brothers 7 friends flat 3 dads car 8 my, her, Their 4 mothers Exercise 2 1 her room 2 your parents 3 My mums part 4 their address 5 My boyfriends sister 6 her friends 7 the governments ideas 8 my grandparents house, theirs CAN / CANT Exercise 1 1 Can you move? I cant see the board. 2 I cant do this exercise. Can you help me? 3 Can you turn it up? I cant hear the CD. 4 I cant come to the class. Can you tell me the homework? 5 I cant read the board. Can I sit nearer? 6 Can I go to the toilet? I cant wait. Exercise 2 1 cant 2 cant 3 can

6 told 7 laughed 8 watched 9 was 10 loved

11 swam 12 were 13 got 14 had 15 slept

PAST SIMPLE NEGATIVES Exercise 1 1 didnt 2 wasnt 3 didnt 4 werent 5 wasnt

6 didnt 7 didnt 8 wasnt 9 werent 10 didnt

4 cant 5 can 6 can, cant

Exercise 2 1 I didnt go to school last week because I was ill. 2 The weather wasnt very nice yesterday. 3 I didnt have a coffee this morning. 4 There wasnt time to fi nish. 5 I did nothing at the weekend. 6 I couldnt swim when I was at school. PAST SIMPLE QUESTIONS Exercise 1 1 What did you do last night? 2 What film did you see? 3 Was it good? 4 Who did you go with? 5 Where did you buy your shoes? 6 Were they very expensive? 7 Did you get anything else? 8 Do you usually shop in Jensons? 33

REVISION Exercise 1 1 A: there B: one opposite / behind 2 A: in B: on, next 3 B: It, front, on Exercise 2 1 his 2 his 3 theirs 4 the schools

5 theirs 6 yours 7 ours 8 hers

Exercise 2 a 2 b 6 c7 d 3 e8 f1 g4 h5 REVISION Exercise 1 1 worked 2 met 3 made 4 moved 5 wanted 6 stayed 7 put 8 sat Exercise 2 1 a go 2 a left 3 a feel 4 a had 5 a was 6 a get 7 a know 8 a sleeps b went b leave b felt b Have b is b got b knew b slept

9 stopped 10 tried 11 saw 12 walked 13 played 14 studied 15 could

PRESENT CONTINUOUS Exercise 1 1 Can you come back later? Im / I am talking to someone. 2 Wheres he / is he going? 3 Theyre / They are building some flats near my house. 4 Are you looking for something? 5 Im / I am not going outside now. Its / It is raining. 6 Shes / She is chatting to her mother on the phone. 7 Shhh! The babys / is sleeping. 8 Hes not ready. Hes / is getting dressed. REVISION Exercise 1 1 This 2 this 3 these 4 This 5 these

6 those 7 that 8 that 9 that 10 those

Exercise 3 1 A: Where did you go on holiday? 2 B: We went to the Czech republic. 3 A: Did you stay in Prague? 4 B: No we didnt. We rented an apartment by a lake in the mountains. 5 A: Was it nice? 6 B: Yes it was. We had a great time. 7 A: What did you do? 8 B: We didnt do much. We read we swam in the lake just relaxed. 9 A: Did you like the food? 10 B: Yes we loved it! We ate out a lot. 11 A: How long were you there? 12 B: Two weeks. We arrived back yesterday.

Exercise 2 1 Who is Tamara talking to? 2 I am looking for a job at the moment. 3 I am not feeling very well. 4 Are you waiting for someone? 5 You are making a mess. Clean the table when you finish. 6 He went into town. He is doing some shopping. 7 Henry and Terry are not coming so we can start the meeting now. Exercise 3 1 Were staying in the Grand Hotel. 2 I am not working at the moment. 3 Whats she doing in Australia? 4 Are you staying here a long time? 5 Hes running in a marathon today. 6 Theyre having a meeting. 06 STUDYING

06 STUDYING 05 SHOPS
p. 154 THIS / THAT / THESE / THOSE Exercise 1 1 Can you give me that book over there? 2 Where are those pens you gave me for my birthday? 3 Whose is this? Its not mine. 4 Those jeans are nice. Where did you get them? 5 Which do you prefer? These boots or those ones? 6 This cheese is really nice. Can I have some more? p. 155 MODIFIERS Exercise 1 1 Its quite cold in here. Can we turn on the heating? 2 Thanks for inviting us. We had a really great time. 3 It isnt very varied. We always do the same things. 4 Hes nice, but hes a bit strange. 5 Hes really good at science. He gets A grades. 6 My teachers were quite helpful, so that made the course easier. COMPARATIVES 34

Exercise 1 1 easier 2 bigger 3 more popular 4 friendlier

5 worse, colder 6 better, more varied 7 more difficult

HAVE TO / DONT HAVE TO Exercise 1 1 have to 2 has to 3 dont have to 4 has to REVISION Exercise 1 1 is 2 does 3 didnt 4 can, cant 5 isnt 6 did 7 cant

5 dont have to 6 Do I have to 7 dont have to 8 does he have to

REVISION Exercise 1 1 The films not very good. 2 The class was not very interesting. 3 The schools not very big. 4 Im not very warm. 5 The exam was quite difficult. 6 The rent for my fl at is quite cheap. 7 The school I work for is quite near here. 8 He got quite low grades. Exercise 2 1 better 2 warmer 3 worse 4 more expensive 5 bigger Exercise 3 1 Your class is a higher level than mine. 2 You are better at sciences than me. 3 Chinese is more useful than French. 4 My daughter is taller than my son. 5 My dad is tidier than my mum. 6 This year is more difficult than last year. 7 My exam results are worse than yours. Exercise 4 1 quite / very 2 is 3 bit

Exercise 2 2 do 3 do 4 did 5 does 6 did

Exercise 3 1 I have to go. 2 He has to work late. 3 Do you have to pass it? 4 She doesnt have to travel far to get to work. 5 Do we have to stay? 6 We dont have to get up very early tomorrow.

08 PLANS
p. 157 BE GOING TO + VERB Exercise 1 1 Im not going to do anything special tonight. 2 How are you going to get home? 3 Where are they going on holiday this year? 4 What is your sister going to study? 5 How much is it going to cost? 6 Im going to have dinner with my parents tonight. WOULD LIKE TO + VERB Exercise 1 1 I would / wouldnt really like to spend a year in South America. 2 Would you like to have children? 3 She would like to change jobs sometime soon. 4 I wouldnt like to be famous! 5 My brother would like / wouldnt like to learn how to cook. 6 Would you like something to eat? 7 Would you like to come shopping with me? 8 Would you like a drink?

4 than 5 very 6 quite / very

07 FAMILY AND FRIENDS


p. 156 AUXILIARY VERBS Exercise 1 1 cant 2 I did 3 do 4 Im not 5 didnt 6 do 7 can

35

REVISION Exercise 1 1 is 2 to 3 like 4 are Exercise 2 1 working 2 to get, to invite 3 to finish, to start 4 to travel, flying 5 to retire, to move

Exercise 2 1h 2c 3e 5 would 6 to 7 are 8 not Exercise 3 1 Im not going to 2 Id like to 3 Id like to 4 I wouldnt like to 5 Im going to

4d

5b

6g

7f

8a

Exercise 3 1 have you visited 2 did you arrive 3 have you been 4 Did you enjoy 5 Have you looked

10 TRAVEL
p. 159 TOO, TOO MUCH, TOO MANY Exercise 1 4 too 1 too many 5 too much 2 too much 6 too many, too much 3 too SUPERLATIVES Exercise 1 1 correct 2 busiest 3 the worst day 4 correct

Exercise 4 1 this weekend 2 later this afternoon 3 sometime in the future 4 this summer 5 sometime in the next few weeks 6 later this evening 7 sometime in the next few years 8 sometime in the next three or four months

09 EXPERIENCES
p. 158 PRESENT PERFECT 1 Exercise 1 1 Have you seen 2 Did you see 3 A: Have you been B: I went 4 A: Ive never been B: Have you tried C: I went, I didnt like PRESENT PERFECT 2 Exercise 1 1 Have you ever tried Mexican food? 2 She has been here before. 3 Has he ever had an accident? 4 I have lost my mobile several times. 5 Have you booked your flight? 6 We have never asked for anything before. REVISION Exercise 1 1 bought 2 choose 3 come 4 cut 5 done

5 the hottest 6 the most difficult 7 the tallest 8 correct

REVISION Exercise 1 1 There are too many cars parked on my road. 2 There were too many people on the train. 3 They knocked down the house because it was too dangerous. 4 The service they provide is great its very fast. 5 There is too much rubbish on public transport. 6 Its good because there are lots of buses at night. Exercise 2 1 cheapest 2 quickest 3 funniest 4 most interesting Exercise 3 1 the 2 much 3 too 4 lots

5 nearest 6 most exciting 7 hottest 8 nicest 5 best / nicest 6 very 7 worst 8 too

6 drove 7 feel 8 got (US gotten) 9 known 10 leave

11 put 12 sell 13 14 took 36

11 FOOD
p. 160 A LOT OF, SOME, ANY, MUCH, MANY AND A BIT OF Exercise 1 1 any 2 many 3 any 4 few 5 some 6 lot 7 Quite INVITATIONS AND OFFERS Exercise 1 1 Would you like something to eat? 2 Would you like me to set the table? 3 Would you like to play tennis next week? 4 Would you like me to do the washing up? 5 Would you like some chocolate? 6 Would you like to come to my birthday party? REVISION Exercise 1 1 a lot of 2 any 3 quite a lot of

12 FEELINGS
p. 161 SHOULD / SHOULDNT Exercise 1 1 You should 2 You shouldnt 3 He should 4 We should 5 They shouldnt 6 You should PRESENT PERFECT 3 Exercise 1 1 Ive broken my arm so I cant write. 2 Im sorry I have forgotten your name. 3 Ive been to Spain eight or nine times in my life. 4 Ive already done my homework so can I watch TV? 5 I saw that film last year. 6 I havent been to that restaurant yet. Is it good? REVISION Exercise 1 1 should see 2 shouldnt drive 3 should be 4 should take 5 shouldnt eat 6 shouldnt carry Exercise 2 1 havent / have not finished 2 have you been 3 have risen 4 Have you read 5 have cooked 6 havent / have not had Exercise 3 1 Weve been 2 Ive hurt 3 Ive been 4 Ive never spoken 5 Have you tried 6 We havent been 7 I saw 8 has travelled, visited

4 any 5 a lot of, not many 6 some, a few

Exercise 2 1 Would you like to go to that restaurant? 2 Would you like any / some cake? 3 Would you like me to cook dinner? 4 Do you want fish or meat for dinner? 5 Do you want us to phone him? 6 Would you like us to bring something to eat? 7 Would you like me to drive you to the airport? 8 Do you want to stay with us while youre visiting? Exercise 3 1 some 2 lot 3a 4 few

5a 6 much 7 like 8 me

37

13 NATURE
p. 162 MIGHT AND BE GOING TO Exercise 1 1 going to 2 possibly 3 We might 4 Its going to 5 She may PASSIVES Exercise 1 1 are 2 was 3 are

14 OPINIONS
p. 163 WILL / WONT FOR PREDICTIONS Exercise 1 5 wont be 1 theyll 6 youll 2 therell be 7 probably wont 3 will the meeting start 8 will 4 wont VERB PATTERNS WITH ADJECTIVES Exercise 1 1 to find 5 offering 2 Walking 6 to notice 3 to park 7 to worry 4 Reading 8 voting REVISION Exercise 1 1 They wont win. 2 Will he get the job? 3 It wasnt difficult to laugh in that situation. 4 I probably wont see you before Christmas. 5 I dont think the economy will improve this year. 6 Is it easy to find work? Exercise 2 1 to read 2 Eating out 3 will lose 4 to travel

4 is 5 were 6 m / am

REVISION Exercise 1 1 They said it might rain later. 2 I might not be in the office tomorrow. 3 She might call you this afternoon. 4 It said theres / there is going to be a storm tonight. 5 Were / We are going to go to Bulgaria for our holiday this year. 6 My dads / My dad is going to drive us to the station. Exercise 2 1 grown 2 imported 3 found 4 served

5 stolen 6 stopped 7 killed 8 built

5 moving 6 wont / will not happen 7 to find 8 will make

Exercise 3 1 I might not see you tomorrow. 2 We are going to finish the work by Tuesday. 3 Most of the wine here is imported. 4 It is made in Vietnam. 5 They might possibly move to the country next year. 6 We climbed that mountain last year.

Exercise 3 1 It was lovely to see you again. 2 It wont cost too much. 3 Watching the news can be very depressing sometimes. 4 What will you do with the money you won? 5 Was it diffi cult for you to learn Russian? 6 It isnt / is not easy to remember peoples names. 7 Its easy to make mistakes. Everyone does it. 8 Its not rude to talk about money in my country. 9 Living in the city is really stressful. 10 Its not / It isnt difficult to do this exercise.

38

15 TECHNOLOGY
p. 164 BE THINKING OF + -ING Exercise 1 1 Im thinking of joining a gym. 2 What brand are you thinking of buying? 3 They are thinking of moving sometime next year. 4 I hope he isnt / is not thinking of leaving the company. 5 Who are you thinking of asking? 6 They said on TV that they arent / are not thinking of changing the price. 7 Which university is she thinking of applying to? 8 Im / I am thinking of trying to make my own computer. 9 Why is he thinking of retiring? Hes only 48. 10 Please tell me youre not / you arent thinking of marrying him. ADVERBS Exercise 1 1 quietly 2 hard

16 LOVE
p. 165 THE PAST CONTINUOUS Exercise 1 1 I was talking to someone on another line. 2 What were you doing when you heard the news? 3 It wasnt / was not working very well so I took it back to the shop. 4 We were having dinner when my sister suddenly told us she was pregnant! 5 They werent / were not getting on very well, so they decided to break up. 6 We were sitting in the cinema when he suddenly tried to kiss me. It was horrible! WILL / WONT FOR PROMISES Exercise 1 5 Ill 1 I wont 6 I wont 2 You wont 7 I will 3 Ill 4 Ill REVISION Exercise 1 1 He wasnt working yesterday. 2 Were you living there when you two met? 3 I wont tell him. 4 They werent paying attention. 5 Ill do it for you. 6 Were you waiting a long time? 7 We were listening when he said the address. 8 I was driving too fast when I crashed. Exercise 2 1 was playing, hurt 2 found, was walking 3 met, were waiting 4 was playing, went 5 moved, was growing up 6 was cycling, hit 7 wasnt enjoying, decided 8 were visiting, happened Exercise 3 1 Ill call you tonight. I promise. 2 B: I wont. 3 B: I dont know. I wasnt listening. Sorry. 4 I will always love you. 5 What were you doing? 6 I was running down the street and I fell. 7 When I went into the classroom, the children were all studying quietly. 8 Someone stole my bike when I was buying a newspaper in the shop. 39

3 well 4 creatively

5 badly 6 late

REVISION Exercise 1 1 Is she thinking of changing jobs? 2 We arent / Were not thinking of making our own website. 3 Im thinking of having children. 4 Hes thinking of buying a new one. 5 Im not thinking of applying for a Masters. 6 Are they thinking of selling the company? Exercise 2 1 confident 2 slow 3 late 4 slowly

5 good 6 well 7 bad, hard 8 well, awful

Exercise 3 1 He speaks really quickly! 2 Where are you thinking of moving to? 3 Im thinking of complaining to the company about it. 4 You look really nice in that suit. 5 Hes studying hard for his exams at the moment. 6 The camera works perfectly now. 7 Were thinking of getting married soon. 8 You drive too fast.