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1. Gender discrimination in our society 2. The cost of energy crisis in Pakistan 3. Literacy is the only panacea for the ills of Pakistan 4. Media: A double aged weapon 5. Pakistan: An administrative malice 6. Islam in he civilisational perspective 7. Climate change: A fact or fiction? 8. Unbridled liberty is no liberty: Limits of freedom of expression 9. Judicail activism and judicial restraint in Pakistan 10. Beggars can not be choosers 11. Modernisation vs Westernisation 12. Economic independence ensures sovereignty [size=150]Current Affairs 1. Democratisation in Middle East 2. SAARC and regional development 3. Baluchistan imbroglio 4. Crisis of governance in Pakistan 5. Global warming or warning? 6. The gigantic challenges faced by Pakistan 7. The failure of UNO 8. The expansionist foreign policy of the sole superpower, USA 9. Disaster management in Pakistan: A consequence in mismanagement 10. The Muslim Ummah: A myth 11. Pakistan-USA relationship: A tale of distrust 12. Energy crisis is a major cause of economic meltdown in Pakistan 13. National education policy of Pakistan, 2009 14. Pakistan-India relations: From hostility to thaw-exploring a new South-Asian destiny 15. American exit from Afghanistan, 2014 and the repercussions for Pakistan 16. China-Pakistan relations: From strategic to economic cooperation 17. The cost of war on terror for Pakistan 18. Memo-gate (civil-military balance in Pakistan) 19. Democracy: The case for Pakistan 20. Judicial activism vs judicial restraint in Pakistan 21. Obama's four more years-confrontation or conciliation?: US priorities for the 21st century 22. Geo-strategic importance of Pakistan 23. Attack on Malala: Growing extremism in Pakistan


1. Define Wahi in the light of the Holy Quran and Hadith. How Wahisolves our problems? Also write its types. 2. What are the individual and collective benefits of the belief in Tauheed and Day of Judgment? 3. Write notes on Namaz, Roza and Zakat. 4. Define primary and secondary sources of law. 5. Discuss in detail the social, political and economic systems of Islam. 6. What are the problems of Muslim Ummah and suggestions to resolve them. 7. What rights has Islam given to women. Compare these rights with the European rights.

Public Administration
1. Public administration and its approaches. 2. Public corporations. 3. Bureaucracy in Pakistan as an agent of change and the application of Weberian Model. 4. Accountability in Pakistan: Internal and external mechanism-a critical analysis. 5. Private vs public administration: A comparative analysis. 6. Developing administrative leadership in Pakistan. 7. The planning structure/procedure in Pakistan. 8. Principals of administrative organisation: How far true in Pakistani perspective. 9. Personnel administration in Pakistan: Different systems of recruitment. 10. The status of governance in Pakistan. 11. Local self-government: Its past, present and future in Pakistan. 12. Financial administration: (a) Budgetary procedure in Pakistan (b) Accounting and auditing of public sector organisation in Pakistan

Muslim Law & Jurisprudence

1. The sources of Islamic Law, especially Ijtehad. 2. Marriage: essentials, kinds and modes. 3. Talaq: kinds and procedure. 4. Dower and dowry. 5. Will (bequest): limitations on the testamentary powers of a Muslim and revocation of will. 6. Gift (Hiba): its essentials and kinds, deathbed gifts and acknowledgments. 7. Waqaf: its essentials, kinds, powers and duties of mutawalli.

8. Pre-emption (shufa): its grounds and kinds. 9. Islamic law of inheritance: Its rules, especially rule of representation and impediments to inheritance. 10. Guardianship of minor (ward) under the Guardians' and Wards ac: duties and powers of guardian and fiduciary relationship. 11. Critical analysis of the Muslim Family Laws and Ordinance, 1961. 12. Distinction between Hudood Laws and Tazir. 13. Short notes: a) Custody of a child (Hizanat) b) Maintenance of wives c) Polygamy d) Option of puberty e) Iddat (waiting) period

Islamic History and Culture I

1. Comment on the moral, social and political conditions of the world at the advent of Islam. 2. Migration to Madina, Battle of Badr, Treaty of Hudabyah, the farewell pilgrimage. 3. Teachings of the holy Prophet (PBUH) 4. Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A) and Hazrat Umar (R.A): Battles and administration. 5. Hazrat Ali (R.A). 6. Causes of the downfall of the Umayyads and their administration. 7. Scientific, literary and philosophical contribution of the Abbasid. 8. Muhammad, the conqueror. 9. Suleman, the magnificent. 10. Causes of downfall of the Ottoman Empire. 11. Problems of the Muslim Ummah and their solutions

Islamic History and Culture II

1. The conquest of Spain and spread of Islam. 2. Renaissance Movement. 3. The Muslims contribution to social and natural sciences with focus on philosophy and medicine. 4. Architecture, painting, music, pottery, and calligraphy. 5. Abdur Rehman, Ad Dakhil, Abdur Rehman al Nasir, Abdur Rehman II. 6. The conquest and spread of Islam in North Africa. 7. Short notes: a) Ibn Sina (Aviccenna b) Ibn Rushd (Averroes) c) Ziryad

d) Ibn Khuldun e) Muwatta

International Law
1. Introduction, definition and nature of International Law. 2. Is International Law a true law or a positive morality? Explain with references of cases. 3. Sources of International Law and its subjects. 4. The nature and different kinds of states responsibility under international law. 5. Acquisition of territorial sovereignty and extradition and how it is done? 6. Peaceful and offensive mode of settling disputes in international law. 7. Defence treaties, diplomatic immunity and duties under international law. 8. State secession and recognition of new states de facto and de jure state. 9. General Assembly, Security Council, ICJ, Veto, problems and solution of UNO and its role in resolving the international issues.

US history
1. In what way did the philosophy and purpose of Jacksonian democracy differ from those of the Jeffersonian democrats? 2. The New Deal was to save capitalism but ironically it was denounced by the Capitalist Class. Why? 3. Some American historians insist that the American Revolution was a social upheaval as well as a political revolt. Discuss the social and economic results of the revolutionary years. 4. The American constitution is a system of Checks and Balances. Discuss. 5. The American war of independence was a revolt against mercantilism. Discuss. 6. Critically examine the significance of the issue of slavery in American history which led to the Civil War of 1860. 7. Discuss war against terror as an instrument of US foreign policy with special reference to the Obama administration. 8. Describe in detail the colonial period in the history of the United States of America. 9. Discuss the era of Harry S. Truman in particular reference to the Cold War. 10. Discuss briefly Civil Rights Movement in USA in special reference to AfroAmerican and womens rights movements. 11. Miscellaneous short notes: Dollar Diplomacy, Watergate Scandal, , Missouri Compromise 1820, Marshal Plan, Wilsons Fourteen points, the Great Depression 1929, the Cold War era, the compromise of 1850, Yalta Conference.

1. What is the history of Muslim journalists in the sub-continent? 2. What is the role of social media in Pakistan? Give reasons for the popularity of social networking sites in Pakistani youth and also discuss its impacts on young minds. 3. The 21st century is known as the century of advertisingDo you agree? What latest trends are being followed in advertising industry? 4. Freedom comes with responsibility. Analyse the statement in view of the role that Pakistani media has been playing for the last couple of years after acquiring freedom. 5. Pakistan, these days, is going through a critical phase of clash of institutions. Do you think that media being fourth pillar of the state can amicably chip in to make the various organs of state work independently, yet integrated? 6. Modernisation can be achieved even without following the West. Keeping this statement in mind elucidate the impacts of private TV channels on the society of Pakistan. 7. A movement has been launched by the parents and teachers in Pakistan against the trend of free packages offered by the cellular companies. Do you think this step of parents is in the right direction and the authorities must adhere to that? Please analyse, keeping in view the moral degradation being observed in youth after this trend. 8. What lessons can todays journalists learn from the efforts, sevices and reforms brought about by Mulana Muhammad Ali Johar, Abdul Kalam Azad and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan?

1. Social change and Ethnocentrism. 2. Smuggling-A widespread social menace increase 3. Drug abuse in Pakistan. 4. Population and demographic variables. 5. Urbanisation and its Historical Stages. 6. Striking differences between urban and rural communities. 7. Crime rates in urban societies of Pakistan. 8. Culture. 9. Impacts of electronic media on Pakistani society. 10. Poverty in Pakistan. 11. Social conflict theory. 12. Sociology: A discipline and social facts. 13. Theory of evolution. 14. Max Webers theory. 15. Sociological research.

16. 17. 18. 19.

Salient features of experimental design of research. Social mobility. Ethnomethodology of Pakistan. Biradarism in political system

Geography I
1. Landforms made by rivers, glaciers, and wind with reference to erosion, transportation and deposition. 2. Define rocks: their types and structure. 3. Earthquake with reference to Plate Tectonic Theory. 4. Give causes of the ocean movement of Atlantic, Indian and Pacific ocean. 5. Write note on the cycle of erosion deposition. 6. Give in detail the characteristics, plantation and human life in Hot Wet Equatorial, Monsoon region and Western Sahara. 7. Short notes: Rainfall, Cyclone, Clouds, Air mass, Waves, Mountains.

Geography II
1. Relationship of possiblism and determinism. 2. Population, structure, growth, world distribution, population of South Asia and its problems. 3. Agriculture and its types. 4. Primary, secondary and tertiary activities. 5. Wheat and rice: their growth, types, physical and economic factors and trade. 6. Oil, coal, steel and iron industries with especial emphasis on the places where they are available. 7. Forestry and fisheries. 8. Relationship of the developed and least developing countries. 9. Migration and urbanization: their types, problems and solutions. Also see push and pull factors. 10. Short notes: OPEC, SAARC, EU, OGDC, UNO.


PART I Q1. What is psychology? Write in brief about various schools of psychology Q2. Discuss the scope of psychology and comment on recent trends in psychology. Q3. Write down the structure and functions of central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral Nervous System (PNS). Q4. Define learning and describe main factors which regulate the degree and

quality of learning. Q5. Define Emotion , Describe major theories of emotion and also discuss the role of endocrine glands in emotion. Q6. Differentiate between emotion and motive. List various primary and secondary motives and explain them Q7. Describe the determining role of various factors in development and grooming of ones personality. Q8. Define personality. Discuss in detail different types of personality tests. Q9. Define prejudice and also describe how prejudices are formed. Q10. Describe different kinds of perception.


Q1. What is development? Describe different phases of development briefly. Q2. Describe the physical, cognitive and social development during the phase of infancy and childhood. Q3. Give a comprehensive account of chromosomal abnormalities during prenatal stage of development. Q4. Write a comprehensive note on Schizophrenia. Q5. Give a comprehensive account of mental Retardation Q6. Discuss the goals of Clinical assessment in detail. Q7. Define psychotherapy, list the various psychotherapies and write about any four of them in detail. Q8. Describe the role of biological and sociological factors in development of criminal behavior and explain the treatment strategies. Q9. What is industrial/Organizational psychology? Discuss the role of an industrial/Organizational psychologist in an organization Q10. Briefly describe the distinguishing features of each of the following a) Psychoneurosis b) Psychosis c) Psychosomatic Disorder d) Character Disorder (Personality Disorder) Source:Toppers Academy Lahore [/size]