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Flute

This instrument produces its sound by blowing across a hole - like blowing across a bottle top. Early models were made from wood. Modern ones are made from metal.

Piccolo
This is half the size of a flute and so plays at a higher pitch. It can be heard very clearly even in large orchestras because the sound is the highest and brightest in the whole orchestra. It sounds one octave higher than a flute.

Oboe
This instrument uses a double reed - 2 reeds (like lolly sticks) tied together. So, blowing it is a bit like blowing beween 2 pieces of paper. It makes quite a high and reedy sound.

Cor Anglais
Big brother to the oboe this instrument looks like it has swallowed an egg! It plays lower notes than the oboe but still uses a double reed. It is hard to spell it's name!

Clarinet
This instrument only uses a single reed (like a thin lolly stick). The reed vibrates against the mouthpiece. The mouthpiece is the most important part of all woodwind instruments. Student clarinets are made from plastic while professional ones are made from wood. It has a rich woody sound.

Bass Clarinet
This is a lot bigger than the standard clarinet and so plays in a much lower register. It uses a single reed. It has a large bell to help the sound project (carry) away into the room.

Bassoon
This is the bass member of the woodwind family and plays the lowest notes. Like the oboe it uses a double reed. It makes a low woody / reedy sound. It is about 1.5m long. You need big hands to reach all the keys this instrument.

Contra Bassoon
This is the big brother to the bassoon. Being a lot bigger it plays lower than the bassoon and can really honk out some farty sounding notes! Check out the sound on you tube!

Alto Sax
This is the most common sax. It uses a single reed (like a clarinet) which vibrates agaist the mouthpiece. It is a more modern invention than most of the other woodwind instrument. Saxes are always made of metal but are still classed as woodwind instruments as the reed (that makes the sound) is made of wood.

Tenor Sax
Larger than the alto sax - so pitched a little lower. This has a deep and powerful sound. This is a favourite for smooth jazz solos.

Bariton Sax
One of the biggest saxes playing the lowest sounds. Capable of really low and powerful sounds. Check it out on youtube!

Recorder
One of the simplest woodwind instruments. It comes in lots of sizes. School ones are made from plasic. The professional ones are very expensive, made from wood and sound very different to the cheap school ones!

Rackett
This instrument was popular in medieval times. It uses a double reed. The pipe is all curled up inside so the tubing is long helping it to produce really low sounds. It looks a bit like a wooden bake bean can ...and it makes a sound like you have just eaten an entire can of bake beans!!!

Saxophone

The saxophone ( also reperred to as the sax ) Is a canical bone woodwind musical instrument saxophones Are usually made brass and played with a singlereed mouth Piece similar to clarinet

Tuba
The tuba is the larget and lowest- pitches brass instrument.Sound I produced by vibrating or buzzing the lips into a large cupped mouth pieces.It appeared in the mid 19-century making it one of the newest instruments in the modern orhestra and consert band.

Trombone

The trombone is musical instrument in the brass family like all brass instrument sound is prouduced when the players vibrating lips (embouchure ) cause the air column iside the instrument to vibrate .

Trumpet

The trumpet is a musical instrument it is the highest register in the brass family trumpets are among the oldest musical instrument dating back to at least 1500 BC.

Drum Head
A drumhead is a membrane stretched over one or both of the open ends of a drum. The drumhead is struck with sticks, mallets, or hands, so that it vibrates and the sound resonates through the drum.

Bass Drum
Bass drums are percussion instruments and vary in size and are used in several musical genres. Three major types of bass drums can be distinguished.

Rettledrum
Timpani, or kettledrums, are musical instruments in the percussion family. A type of drum, they consist of a skin called ahead stretched over a large bowl traditionally made of copper. They are played by striking the head with a specialized drum stick called a timpani stick or timpani mallet. Timpani evolved from military drums to become a staple of the classicalorchestra by the last third of the 18th century. Today, they are used in many types of musical ensembles including concert,marching, and even some rock bands.

Accordion
Timpani, or kettledrums, are musical instruments in the percussion family. A type of drum, they consist of a skin called ahead stretched over a large bowl traditionally made of copper. They are played by striking the head with a specialized drum stick called a timpani stick or timpani mallet. Timpani evolved from military drums to become a staple of the classicalorchestra by the last third of the 18th century. Today, they are used in many types of musical ensembles including concert,marching, and even some rock bands.

Piano
The piano is a musical instrument played using a keyboard. It is widely used in classical and jazz music for solo performances, ensemble use, chamber music and accompaniment and for composing and rehearsal. Although not portable and often expensive, the piano's versatility and ubiquity have made it one of the world's most familiar musical instruments. Pressing a key on the piano's keyboard causes a padded (often with felt) hammer to strike steel strings. [1] The hammers rebound, and the strings continue to vibrate at their resonant frequency. These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a sounding boardthat more efficiently couples the acoustic energy to the air. The sound would otherwise be no louder than that directly produced by the strings. When the key is released, a damper stops the string's vibration and the sound. See the article on Piano key frequenciesfor a picture of the piano keyboard and the location of middle C. In the HornbostelSachs system of instrument classification, pianos are considered chordophones.

Harp
The harp is a multi-string musical instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicularly to the soundboard. Organologically, it is in the general category of chordophones (stringed instruments) and has its own sub category (the harps). All harps have a neck, resonator and strings. Some, known as frame harps, also have a pillar; those without the pillar are referred to asopen harps. Depending on its size, which varies, a harp may be played while held in the lap or while it stands on a table, or on the floor. Harp strings may be made of nylon, gut, wire or silk. On smaller harps, like the folk harp, the core string material will typically be the same for all strings on a given harp. Larger instruments like the modern concert harp mix string materials to attain their extended ranges. A person who plays the harp is called a harpist or harper. Folk musicians often use the term "harper", whereas classical musicians use "harpist".

Cello
The cello (/tlo/ CHEL-oh; plural cellos or celli) is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. It is a member of the violin family of musical instruments, which also includes the violin, viola and double bass.

Viola
The viola (/viol/) is a bowed string instrument. It is slightly larger than a violin in size and has a deeper sound. Since the 18th century it has been the middle voice of the violin family, between the [2] violin (which is tuned a perfect fifth above it) and the cello (which is tuned an octave below it).
[1]

Double Bass
The double bass, or upright bass, also called the string bass, bass fiddle, bass violin, doghouse bass, contrabass, bass viol,stand-up bass, bull fiddle or simply bass, is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument of the viol family in the modernsymphony orchestra, with strings usually tuned to E1, A1, D2 and G2 (see standard tuning). The double bass is [1] a standard member of the string section of the orchestra and smaller string [2] ensembles in Western classical music. The double bass is played either with a bow (arco) or by plucking the strings (pizzicato). In orchestral repertoire and tango music, both arco and pizzicato are employed. In jazz, blues, and rockabilly, pizzicato is the norm. While classical music uses just the natural sound produced acoustically by the instrument, in jazz, blues, and related genres, the bass is typically amplified with a bass amplifier.

Bandurya

ito ay may 16 na strings. ang tunogng instrumentong ito ay matinis, mas mataas itong isang scale(1 octave) sa octavina at laud at masmababa ng isang scale sa piccolo.

Laud
ang laud ay instrumentong masmalaki kaysa sa banduria at mababa angtono o alto ng rondalya.

BAHO DE ARKO
pinakamalaking instrument ng rondalya, kasintaas ito ng tao kayat ang tumutugtog ay nakatayo. Apat lamang ang kwerdas nito.

Octabina
ito ay mas malaki sa banduryaat ang hugis ay tulad ng isang gitara. Ito ang tenor ng grupo sapagkat mataginting ang tinig.

Gitara
ay isang instrumentong pang-musika na may mgakuwerdas. Tinutugtog ito sa pamamagitan ng mga daliri o kungminsan ay may gamit na pick. Ang tunog ay nanggagaling sa paggalaw ng mga kwerdas.

Mga Instrumento sa Banda


Banda is a brass-based form of traditional Mexican music. Bandas play a wide variety of songs, including rancheras, corridos, cumbias, baladas, and boleros. Bandas are most widely known for their rancheras, but they also play modern Mexican pop, rock, and cumbias. Most Banda music is very clearly a dialect of polka and will seem familiar and appealing to fans of polka or traditional German and Pol