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http://www.jstor.org/stable/3567249?&Search=yes&searchText=Afghanistan&searchText=Conflict&sea rchText=Religious&list=hide&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FQuery%3DReligious%2BConflic t%2BAfghanistan%26Search%3DSearch%26gw%3Djtx%26prq%3D%2528Afghanistan%2BReligion%2529 %2BAND%2B%2528cty%253A%2528journal%2529%2BAND%2Bty%253A%2528fla%2529%2529%26hp% 3D25%26acc%3Don%26aori%3Da%26wc%3Don%26fc%3Doff&prevSearch=&item=4&ttl=6452&returnAr ticleService=showFullText Afghanistan.

War Factionalism

http://www.jstor.org/stable/30045102?&Search=yes&searchText=Afghanistan&searchText=Conflict&se archText=Religious&list=hide&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FQuery%3DReligious%2BConfli ct%2BAfghanistan%26Search%3DSearch%26gw%3Djtx%26prq%3D%2528Afghanistan%2BReligion%2529 %2BAND%2B%2528cty%253A%2528journal%2529%2BAND%2Bty%253A%2528fla%2529%2529%26hp% 3D25%26acc%3Don%26aori%3Da%26wc%3Don%26fc%3Doff&prevSearch=&item=7&ttl=6452&returnAr ticleService=showFullText Rise of Religious Violence 2ndary
The Rise of Religious Nationalism and Conflict: Ethnic Conflict and Revolutionary Wars, 1945-2001
Jonathan Fox Journal of Peace Research , Vol. 41, No. 6 (Nov., 2004), pp. 715-731 Published by: Sage Publications, Ltd. Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4149714

Jonathan Fox, The Rise of Religious Nationalism and Conflict: Ethnic Conflict and Revolutionary Wars, 1945-2001, Journal of Peace Research Vol. 41, No. 6 (2004): 715-731

http://www.jstor.org/stable/4149714?&Search=yes&searchText=Afghanistan&searchText=Conflict&sea rchText=Religious&list=hide&searchUri=%2Faction%2FdoBasicSearch%3FQuery%3DReligious%2BConflic t%2BAfghanistan%26Search%3DSearch%26gw%3Djtx%26prq%3D%2528Afghanistan%2BReligion%2529 %2BAND%2B%2528cty%253A%2528journal%2529%2BAND%2Bty%253A%2528fla%2529%2529%26hp% 3D25%26acc%3Don%26aori%3Da%26wc%3Don%26fc%3Doff&prevSearch=&item=10&ttl=6452&return ArticleService=showFullText From 1945 to 2001 religion is looked at as an important factor in conflicts around the world. Since 1980 religious nationalist ethnic groups have been responsible for an increasingly large amount of violent conflicts. Compared to non-religious groups there has been a change as well to the level of violence. The data used in the journal states that religion can influence conflict, yet is not the only reason for it. Religion is having a larger influence on conflicts by being portrayed by the media around the world. This starkly contrasts the predicted theory of how religion used as a political and social force would decrease in the modern era. This closely correlates with my thesis about the root cause of conflict in Afghanistan. With the rise of religious extremism and nationalism parallels can be seen from this journal. Jonathan Fox makes an argument that the last half century has seen an increase of religious conflicts most notably

in the Middle East. The journal connects with my sources which describe the history of culture, religion and ethnic groups in Afghanistan.

2. http://search.proquest.com/hnpnewyorktimes/docview/106666670/1410F377CF644B239E6/1?account id=14902

Afghanistan Sees Isolation Ending; Primitive Land Awaits War Role By HERBERT L. MATTHEWS. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 16 May 1943: 1.
http://search.proquest.com/docview/106666670?accountid=14902

Herbert L. Matthew, Afghanistan sees Isolation Ending; Primitive Land Awaits War Role, New York Times, May 16, 1943. Less than two decades since the Afghanistan President was exiled to Italy not much has changed. Civil unrest and a lack of direction effects the country. Herbert L. Mathews interviews many highly elected officials including the Prime Minister, Minister of war, Agriculture, and the Foreign Minister. He learned how to rule you must be the strongest. The governmental leaders state you have to show you are the best man. Herbert also toured the remote country and took note of what he saw, a nation stuck in biblical times. In Afghanistan Mullahs hold power and put their religious influence on the public by restricting technology. With strict religious laws that are self-enforced. The Minister of Justice is a Mullah and he appoints other Mullahs as court judges. Education is severely lacking as well, Mullahs were furious when the government establish a girls school. The year is 1943 yet the article highlights many of the same problems that my book The State, Religion, and Ethnic Politics of Afghanistan delves into. Both in the past and in present day there is religious ruling that makes the country a hot bed for conflicts.

The root cause of constant conflict in Afghanistan is due to the different religious and ethnic groups. Due to Afghanistans geographical location and historical past with conquering nations, ethnic groups have taken up religious extremism that has plunged Afghanistan into centuries of conflict.