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American J ournal of Engineering Research (AJ ER) 2013

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American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER)
e-ISSN : 2320-0847 p-ISSN : 2320-0936
Volume-02, Issue-10, pp-431-440
www.ajer.org

Research Paper Open Access


Elementary particle fluctuations spin quantum orbital Motion of the
steady-state vertical double elliptic Equations and parameters characteristic
answer
1.1 Elementary particle fluctuations. Established based On spin quantum physical model of steady-state

VERTICAL DOUBLE ELLIPSE
1.1.1 Elementary particles essential characteristics
After nearly a century of scientific experiments, has confirmed, all baryon decay protons outside except the
final product is an electronic, neutrinos and photons. All meson and lepton decays final product is electronic,
neutrinos and photons; neutrino accompanied by weak interactions, electrons and photons under certain
conditions can be transformed into each other.
In the entire process of particle decay, its energy, momentum, angular momentum, charge, baryon number
conservation, and the direction towards energy decreases spontaneous. Reaction unit charge is always the most
basic human science experiment can achieve the highest energy particle collisions, can be freely separated stable
charged units. Find also much larger than the energy of the daughter mixed numbers charged "quark" is unwise
as the idea of the most elementary particles in high-energy particle accelerator by particle collisions reaction.
After decades of effort, and ultimately find some meager circumstantial evidence, still can not be separated, and
stable presence. The face of such an outcome, we should reconsider the definition of the elementary particles?
Like substance composed of molecules, molecules are made of atoms, atoms, electronics, nuclear composition,
the spontaneous separatist decay, the final stable energy minimum, widespread electronic, photons, neutrinos
truly the most elementary particles.
The U

lepton In addition to protons, neutrons, electrons, photons, neutrinos, particles longest average life,
but 2.197 10
-6
seconds. They can only exist as an instant energy group. Therefore, as long as we clarify the
internal structure of the electrons, photons, neutrinos, protons, neutrons, energy of origin, momentum, moment
of momentum and nuclear forces forming principle, parameter calculation method and the relationship between
particle physics is equivalent to solve the main problem.
1.1.2 Elementary particle fluctuations spin quantum steady-state Orbital motion characteristics
Proposed by de Broglie early descendants confirmed microscopic particles exist volatility, its wavelength

,
particle momentum
P

is Planck's constant h relationship:


) 1 . 1 (
P
h

=
Modern physics experiments have confirmed: microscopic particles, elementary particles to existed fluctuations,
spin two movements, and follow the momentum, moment of momentum and mean the law of conservation of
energy. Just two movements orbital quantum, Figure 1.1 and (1.1), we have:

=
=
t
t
u u
o o
2
2
h
v m R
h
v m R

=
=
}
}
u
o
u u
t
o o
d R
d R

2
0

=
=
u u
o o
v m P
v m P


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The m represents the elementary particles along fluctuations; the
o
R

quality of the moment in the


movement
o
v

of spin-orbit is variable. The


u u
v R

said elementary particles to tend to the speed of light for the


orbital radius vector of the wave motion; said and
o
v


o
R


u
v


u
R


o
v


u
v

orbital radius vector of


the spin motion energy relativistic velocities; Represents elementary particles along the wave direction of
movement in the in each fluctuation movement cycle T

, rail length; that


u

each spin motion cycle T

in the
length of the track along the spin direction of movement;, respectively, the
u o
P P

said elementary particles


along fluctuations, spin the direction of movement of the moment of momentum. They are below standard "

"
distinction (following the same).
Note: book fluctuations, spin refers elementary particle along two vertical twin elliptical orbital motion of
the two directions mutually perpendicular velocity component, the fluctuation of the elementary particles of the
specified long-term human and academia spin different concepts.
Two orbital motions simultaneous three-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system, centered at the origin,
still elementary particle fluctuations shown in the steady-state spin quantum orbital motion in Figure 1.1. Like a
spring bent into a closed spiral rings, wire line on behalf of elementary particle fluctuations, spin the orbits.
Fluctuations, the prerequisites for the establishment of the steady-state spin quantum orbital motion: orbital
period of the spin motion must be fluctuations motion orbital period T

N

times T

! (N

1 is a natural number
or a relatively simple Score). Thus, according to the wave equation and momentum moments conservation law
still elementary particle internal orbital motion equations:

(
2
0
2 2
u
R Y X = + Is round question)
Figure 1.1 still elementary particle internal fluctuations, the steady-state spin quantum the vertical double oval
track movement diagram

=
=
=
=
=
} }
) 5 2 . 1 (
) 4 2 . 1 (
) 3 2 . 1 ( cos
) 2 2 . 1 (
2
) 1 2 . 1 ( vector wave momentum of moment Is
2
(
2
2
0
0





o
t
o o
u
u
o
o u u
u u
o o
o u
u o
o
t
t t
v
d R N
v
d R
N
R R R
h
v m R
h h
v m R


1. 2 Orbit equations parameters characteristic answers
1.2.1 Orbit equations parameters characteristic answers
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We first define the equations (1.2), the is a constant denoting the position fluctuations track
projection plane, Z = 0 represents the projection plane of the spin-orbit. The 1.2-1(1.2-2) into the 1.2-3
type, which 1 s =
ou
o
u
E
v
v

is constant, so:

+
=

+
=
) 2 3 . 1 (
cos 1
) 1 3 . 1 (
cos 1
0
0
o
o
ou
u
u
ou
ou u
o
E
R
R
E
E R
R


Two movement orbits are elliptical orbit, and perpendicular to each other! (Hereinafter, for convenience,
always omitted
h v v R R




u o u o
vector "" symbol). Let fluctuations, the direction of the spin motion
track of the total length respectively L

, L

, equations obtained by the (1.2-5), (1.3):

+
=

+
=
}
}
o t
ou
u
o u
t
ou
ou u
o o
u
o
o
o
N
d
E
R
N L
d
E
E R
N L
2
0
0
2
0
0
) 2 4 . 1 (
cos 1
) 1 4 . 1 (
cos 1

Substituting (1.4) equations (1.2-3), (1.2-5), we obtain:
) 5 . 1 (
1
o
ou
N
E =
Equations (1.2), (1.3) compared with the elliptical orbit of the celestial planetary motion can be seen: the
elementary particles along the fluctuations, spin quantum stationary state vertical twin elliptical orbital motion is,
in fact, along the circumferential line
2
0
2 2
u
R Y X = +
and Z the orbital movement of the shaft two rotary axis
angular momentum conservation. The v

speed v

constant R

is a variable, so m the state of motion of the


two tracks are the same, for the same variables. With the fluctuations in the radius of the orbit of the spin motion,
the basic particles in which the coordinates of the position varies. Laboratory determination of the quality of
elementary particles should be for each of the fluctuations, the average mass
m
of the the spin orbital motion
cycle. (1.2-1), (1.3-1), (1.4-1), (1.5), we have:

2
1
1
2
0
2
0
2
0
u o
o
t
o o
t
o
o
t
o
t
o
R v
N h
d
L v
h
d
L
mR
m

= = =
} }
1.6
1. 2. 2 The importance of the orbit equations
Because of the fluctuations, the spin quantum steady state vertical double elliptic orbit motion model
of elementary particle fluctuations equation, derived in the classic basic laws of physics of elementary particles
inherent wave-particle duality, Quantum momentum, angular momentum, and the average energy conservation
out equations (1.2) - (1.6) are all still elementary particles, nuclei, atoms, even microscopic particles in the entire
universe physics parameters to calculate the basic equation. Classical Newtonian mechanics, electrodynamics,
thermodynamics, quantum fluctuations in the orbit of the movement mechanics and energy relativistic combine
accurate simulation answer the Preface proposed quantum physics, cosmic physics and relativistic field
problems. Because all the parameters calculated ultimately comes down to the method of classical physics,
elementary particle quantum orbital motion model of elementary particles orbiting moment of momentum,
charge number and average energy and momentum are completely conserved under conditions only with the
orbital parameters m, N
i
related calculations. Everyone else to specify a variety of quantum number, parity, is
spin, strangeness ...... and laboratory observations of the parameters of the amendment, the abolition of all, in
addition to the baryon number, charge number reserved!
Seen from the equations of Figure 1.1 and (1.3): When us still elementary particles the internal moving orbit
calibration coordinate system, after the start time and the initial position, the coordinates of the elementary
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particle at any time t is located in orbit, energy momentum, moment of momentum parameter on all uniquely
identified. Coordinates of elementary particles can be expressed as follows:

=
=
=
+ =
) 4 7 . 1 ( sin
) 3 7 . 1 ( sin ) cos (
) 2 7 . 1 ( cos ) cos (
) 1 7 . 1 (
0
0
0
o
u o
u o
o o o
o
o u
o u
R Z
R R Y
R R X
t

However, measurement techniques available to the scientific community can not be precise, measured
directly. Because the spray-type particles as a probe itself also exist fluctuations spin motion along the track. (2
to 4 will prove that they are also along the cylindrical helix orbital precession), as shown in Figure 1.2.
Elementary particles are much smaller than the radius of the fluctuations of its own entity, the spin-orbit
radius
u o
R R ,
fluctuations sports track intersection area, so the two can only very small probability of a random
collision occurred. And the collision point of the particle energy, momentum, orbital radius and coordinates of
the location are variables; this is academia long debate how to understand the microscopic particles of
uncertainty phenomenon reason. However, the distribution state of the spin motion along tracks fluctuations
from the electrically charged elementary particles, the performance out of the magnetic moments, the average
mass, charge density, elementary particle fluctuations, the size of the spin motion orbit distribution range shown
by the appearance of the elementary particles, particles inside and outside , within the nucleus, and the weak,
electrical, magnetic interaction force strength, the laboratory can be directly measured and estimated data for the
book's physical model validation and accurate simulation proved.

Figure 1.2 elementary particles along fluctuations, the spin precession of the orbital motion characteristics of the
formation of wave-particle duality diagram

2 ELEMENTARY PARTICLE INTERNAL STRUCTURE, THE ENERGY OF FORMATION OF THE PRINCIPLES AND
PARAMETERS CALCULATION
2.1 Elementary particle internal structure and energy origin
2.1.1 Elementary particle internal structure and the nature of charge Quantization
Scientific community are identified in all of the experiments from 1902 to 1990: all the free particles of
free particles of the intermediate product, the spontaneous decay process of the energy radiation is
electromagnetic energy; final product is the (proton) electrons, photons, neutrinos; all experiments all particles
decay process and all the transition, the final product of all baryons, mesons, leptons, charged nature can only be
divided into three categories: a unit with a positive charge, with a unit negative charge, electrically neutral
particles. When we will not consider the quality and the kinetic energy of the protons, neutrinos can be
determined: all particle energy mc
2
are the electric and magnetic field energy, because the photons of
electromagnetic energy radiation meson leptonic decay process and the final product, the electronic as
electromagnetic energy ball "is beyond reproach. So, the book is the first of the elementary particles defined as
follows: unit charge as one can no longer divided, basic, stable point particles, hereinafter referred to as
"charged particles", in fact, the body radius tends to 0; All elementary particles, including all mesons, leptons
and baryons core, when present them to electrically neutral, by n is positive, charged Particle electric dipole
consisting of aggregates; when they are charged, additional charged particles; still elementary particle energy,
the state of motion, and all parameters characterized by (1.2) orbit equations and (1.3) (1.5) (1.6) solutions;
composed of baryons, the basic unit of the atoms (detailed proof, see the follow-up).
Photons have cyclical changes in the characteristics of electromagnetic waves; to form two photon pair of
positive and negative electrons can collide annihilation; a photon can not be directly split into a pair of positive
and negative electrons; neutrino production of charged mesons, leptons;

meson eventually split decaying into


two neutrino and an antineutrino and an electron. The characteristics, we can make the most direct inference:
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photons and neutrinos are composed by a pair of electric dipole, is the most simple of elementary particles.
Because neutrino properties, it can be spread as evenly as gas molecules in the vast space of the universe, the
constitute a omnipresent neutrino background field. The 2.7K blackbody microwave background radiation in the
universe formed only by the neutrino field (see Chapter 5 demonstration). Electronics is composed by a pair of
electric dipole and a charged particle, when a pair of electron collisions Specter, in addition to generating two
photons, should be associated with a low-energy neutrino. If it is a negative electron and a positively to charged
particles collide, it happens to the formation of two photons. A photon collision near the nucleus, to the
simultaneous excitation of two neutrinos or two pairs of electric dipole, split, combine into two (one pair)
electronic. Similarly, the charged

meson is composed by two pairs of electric dipole and a charged particle.


Because the moment the law of conservation of momentum and momentum, launch an anti-neutrino and
absorption neutrino a neutrino are equivalent. All other mesons, leptons, including baryon core, can be
determined: the electrically neutral elementary particles are composed of n electric dipole assembly; the
different particle n is a natural number, one more of the charged particles Charge charged particles. Under the
internal structure of elementary particles, as long as enough analysis to calculated charged elementary particles,
electrically neutral elementary particles, photons and neutrinos energy forming principle and related parameters.
2.1.2 Charged particle energy origin
By classical electrodynamics, shown as in Figure 2.1, charged particle energy relativistic speed Ava straight
uniform motion, electrical, magnetic field strength is:
) 1 . 2 ( ) (
) sin 1 ( 4
) 1 (
5 . 1 2 2 3
0
2
c
v
R
R e
E
o
o
o o
o o
o
|
o | tc
|
=


2
c
E v
B
o o
o


= theo is the angle between
o
v

and
o
R

2.2
When the circumferential fluctuation motion of the charged particles nearly the speed of light c, due
to The fluctuations orbital radius R

the entity radius much larger than the charged particles R


a
, we can track the
circumferential fluctuation motion simplified as the linear movement of each short circumferentially tangent. At
this time, the electromagnetic waves "squeezed" only distributed within the plane of the vertical fluctuations
movement
o
v

direction to form a planar shock, as shown in Figure 2.1. Non-occurrence of electromagnetic


energy radiation of charged particles stream packet rounded plane forward. By classical electrodynamics, the
energy flux density distribution of glass pointing vector
o
S

is:
( ) | | ) 3 . 2 (
2
0 o o o o o o o o
c v E E E v H E S


= =


Figure 2.1 energy relativistic velocities v
a
uniform linear motion of charged particles in electric and magnetic
field strength characteristics Figure
By (2.3) that:
0 = R R S

(at the microscopic field, charge along the circumference to the speed of light c
fluctuations movement does not occur cyclotron electromagnetic wave energy radiation, see the end of Chapter
5 supplemental argument).
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Note: Because the orbit is elliptical orbit fluctuations,
c v
o

and completely non-linear motion, energy flux


density should take positive, so this is not simply take 2
0 o o o
c E v S

=
value. But take the
( ) | |
o o o o o o
c v E E E v S

=
2
0
value vector synthesis. The former when the equivalent electromagnetic field
energy ball "volume should take
3
2
o
tR
,
9981773259 . 0 =
o
|
which is equivalent to the volume of the
electromagnetic field" energy ball "should be taken as 3
2
o
tR
,
9987108301 . 0 =
o
|
. The systematic
error is minimal.
The electromagnetic field of a charged particle energy for W
e
, the equivalent electromagnetic fields "energy
ball" volume 3
2
o
tR
, the
2
coefficient enables electromagnetic field energy equation (2.4), transition from
energy relativistic speed toward the stationary state. By the equation (2.3), due to v
a
c is a constant, so the
direct electric field intensity
o
E

take a = 0, /2, the synthesis of two vectors:


2
3 2
0
2 3
e
1
) 1 ( 1
16
e 2 2
o
o
o o
o o
|
|
tc
t

+
=
R v
S R
W 2.4
When
a
0, it should be equal to the average radius
o
R
spherical shell uniform distribution of the
electrostatic field energy charged particles along W
e
:
o
tc R
W
0
2
e
8
e
2.5
Make to (2.4) of charged particles electromagnetic field energy representative (1.2-1) type of elementary
particles along the circumference of the wave motion of particle energy mc
2
, too:
|
.
|

\
|
=

+
2
0
2
3 2
2
2 2
1
) 1 ( 1
e
c hc
|
| |
o
o o
2.6
Solution (2.6): a =0.9987108301. It is charged elementary particles when a fluctuation in quantum N
a

limit fluctuations in speed coefficient tends to infinity, see (2.16) where.
The fine structure constant (2.6), the right to export is the origin of elementary particle energy, the
initial indications of the quantum steady state orbital motion, strong, and weak, electrical, magnetic interactions
unity principle. Seen from (2.6): v
a
single charged particles because the speed of the waves, the orbital radius R
a

is a constant electromagnetic field energy mc
2
must be a constant, and is unable to meet the (1.2) the equations
of elementary particles along fluctuations, spin-orbit movement conditions. Therefore, directly by probing all
experiments to all the particles split decay process Corollary: charged elementary particles must be composed by
n to the electric dipole and a charged particle aggregates.

2.2 Charged elementary particles energy forming Principle and parameters calculation
2.2.1 Charged particle energy forming principle
A electric dipole is, load electric particle spacing of L
r
, the
o
R L K
r r
2 = . The fluctuation of electric
dipole along the orbital motion while, also should be around the wobbled track rotation. On a charged
elementary particles, the rotation speed and fluctuation of angular velocity of complete synchronization! In
order to
+
meson as an example, when
+
meson along the fluctuation orbits, if the start position a=0, excess
positive charged particle tracks just in fluctuation of polar axis R

lateral, see Figure 2.2, ( or spin orbit R
0

medial ). Now, load electric particle fluctuations, rotation speed v
+
, v
-
and fluctuation velocity v
a
relationship:
(Positive, load electric particle in fluctuating, spin orbit within the lateral distribution, readers can make a
model of the rotating verification)
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Fig 2.2 charged particle rotation speed fluctuation sketch map

=
+ =

+
) 2 7 . 2 ( ) cos 1 (
) 1 7 . 2 ( ) cos 1 (
o
o
o
o
r
r
K v v
K v v

And at the beginning of the last century Planck founded the ideas of quantum mechanics. As long as
we make the electric dipole within L
r
as capable of telescopic change electromagnetic energy vibrator, the
telescopic change cause the charged particles along the wave track motion tends to speed v
+
, v
-
periodic
variation; lead to the synthesis of electromagnetic field intensity varies periodically, to determine the periodic
changes of the energy, and ( 1.2-1 ) type of elementary particle in fluctuation, spin orbit periodic variations in
the instantaneous energy equal to mc
2
, a, R
a
and N
a
function. Thus, elementary particle in steady state within the
orbit motion, will not appear in cyclotron, moving direction of electromagnetic wave radiation energy,
momentum, and in line with the instant energy and average momentum, the law of conservation of energy.
As long as we derive electromagnetic energy vibrator in the energy equation of N
a
and a, K
r
presents the
continuous change of the relation, be equal to that book of charged particle internal structure, energy principle
and calculation of related parameters of physical model.
By (1.3-1), (1.5), (1.6), elementary particles along the instant fluctuation orbit radius R
a
and the average radius
of
o
R respectively:

+
=
) 2 8 . 2 (
1
) 1 8 . 2 (
cos
0
0
o
u
o
o
u
o
o
N
R
R
N
R
R

Will (2.8) equations into (2.4 ), ( 2.5), ( 2.6) type, because 1, so:
Because 1 ) (1 1
3 2
+
o
| , therefore, each charged particles along the orbital motion of the instantaneous
fluctuation of energy equation N
a
, a,
a
relationship:
1
cos
2
2 2
- 1
2
0
2

+
|
.
|

\
|
o
o
o
o
o
c
|
|
N
N
e
c h
2.9
2.2.2 Charged particle energy parameter calculation
A charged particle by a pair of n electric dipole and a positively charged particle composition, and
positive, load electric particles each occupy a common wave, consisting of spin orbit, as biological gene as
chain-like structure, (see Figure 3.3 ). Then the basic particle instantaneous electrical, magnetic field strength
should be each charged particle instantaneous electrical, magnetic field intensity vector and. By (2.1), (2.4), (2.9)
and ( 2.7) equation:
2
2 2 2 2
) cos 1 ( 1 ) cos 1 ( 1
1
(
(

+
+
o | o |
|
o o
o
r r
K
n
K
n

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1
cos
2
2 2
2
0

+
|
.
|

\
|
=
o
o
o
c
N
N
e
c h
2.10
So (2.10) type of =/2 or 3/2, too:

1
2
2 2
1
2
0
2

|
.
|

\
|
=

o
o
o
o
c
|
|
N
N
e
c h
2.11
On the show, for a certain value of N
a
, v
a
,
a
are constant, is a function of N
a
, and the fluctuation of
electric dipole motion track position independent. As long as we at different N
a
values into ( 2.11 ) type for
a

value, n value together with different substitution (2.10 ) type, we can calculate the different charged particle
internal K
r
value change tendency, see table 2.1.
From Table 2.1 calculating results can be seen: K
r
is a continuous gradient of the function, and the
particle internal dipole numbers n inversely proportional, with fluctuations in quantum number N
a
increases.
Please note: unpaired residual charged particles are distributed in spin orbital medial, and general electric,
magnetic field intensity, were greater than the spin orbit of charged particles, illustrate the basic energy of mc
2

focused on spin orbital medial embodiment.
The different charged particle internal K
r
value trend Table 2.1
Further simulation calculation results show: the charged particle in the electric dipole rotation speed
fluctuation of angular velocity and only fully synchronous, if it >1 natural number, then K
r
values are not
continuous positive solution. These characteristics of charged elementary particles, nuclei are behind the internal
structure of the design, parameters calculation based on.


0 30 60 80 100 120 150 180
N
a
n K
r
10
-5


2
1
2
3
17.4001
10.9000
7.88645
17.8604
11.1214
8.03130
19.2474
11.7909
8.47239
20.6731
12.4890
8.93784
22.4384
13.3802
9.54125
24.4076
14.4297
10.2662
27.1746
16.0509
11.4169
28.4420
16.8650
12.0079

2.5
1
2
3
17.4035
10.8507
7.83898
17.8223
11.0523
7.79120
19.0732
11.6572
8.37056
20.3417
12.2797
8.78613
21.8883
13.0601
9.31455
3.5797
13.9547
9.93101
25.8749
15.2669
10.8563
26.8757
15.8834
11.2994

3
1
2
3
17.0074
10.5667
7.62548
17.3858
10.7491
7.74529
18.5084
11.2928
8.10489
19.6353
11.8467
8.47507
20.9936
12.5320
8.93901
22.4581
13.3024
9.46894
24.4003
14.3947
10.2357
25.2240
14.8881
10.5879

31
1
2
3
7.17710
4.35031
3.11626
7.23191
4.37730
3.13432
7.38592
4.45357
3.18550
7.52881
4.52490
3.23358
7.68703
4.60465
3.28755
7.84192
4.68357
3.34121
8.02339
4.77725
3.40522
8.09200
4.81304
3.42977

151
1
2
3
3.39991
2.04910
1.46546
3.41199
2.05512
1.46951
3.44543
2.07182
1.48078
3.47580
2.08706
1.49107
3.50870
2.10364
1.50229
3.54020
2.11959
1.51311
3.57621
2.13792
1.52556
3.58958
2.14475
1.53021

500
1
2
3
1.89531
1.13995
0.81480
1.89905
1.14182
0.81606
1.90934
1.14698
0.81955
1.91860
1.15164
0.82270
1.92856
1.15666
0.82609
1.93802
1.16143
0.82933
1.94873
1.16686
0.83301
1.95269
1.16887
0.83437
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2.3 Electrically neutral elementary particle energy Principle and parameter calculation
2.3.1 Electrically neutral elementary particle energy formation Principle

Fig 2.3 proton nuclear core electric dipole rotation diagram
In the next chapter, basic particle internal interaction analysis showed that: all the charged particles
must travel at the speed of c motion can exist. The nature and even the entire universe, all charged particles
along the fluctuation, spin orbit motion velocity vector and shall be c v v > +
2 2
o u
, only such, within any
charged particle along the fluctuation, spin two velocity vector superposition in a given direction, including
rotation speed synthesis ability in the speed of light.
In addition to photons, neutrinos of all electrically neutral elementary particle, due to the internal structure is
special, electric dipole center along the wave track wave motion velocity v
a
, rotation caused all charged particle
motion velocity of N
r
K
r
v
a
(N
r
rotation frequency number), all two must be vector and in a direction is equal to
the speed of light c, shown in figure 2.3. We have,
c v K N v
r r
= +
2 2
) (
o o
2.12
By (2.12) type, too:
o
o
|
|
r
r
K
N
2
1
= 2.13
From ( 2.1) to ( 2.6 ) compare the: electrically neutral elementary particle field energy is positive, on
equal load electric particle electric, magnetic field intensity vector synthesis to achieve. When we consider the
K
r
value is very small electric dipole can be large enough to form the electromagnetic field energy, the wave
speed must be very close to the speed of light c. We take the v
a
= (1-10
-9
)c, both in the scientific community are
capable of accurately measuring the hands and the calculator to calculate the error range. By (2.3),
when
a
=1-10
-9
, can be simplified to:
) 1 ( 16
2 4
0
2
2
2
0
o o
o
o o o
| c t
c

= =
R
v e
E v S

2.14
As long as the electric dipole within each charged particle fluctuation velocity of v
+
, v
-
and (2.7) equations as a
periodic variation, it can make the electrically neutral elementary particle electric dipole in the wave track
fluctuations, rotation of synthesis electromagnetic field strength also shows periodic change, thereby forming
the periodic variations of the energy mc
2
, this periodic variations of the frequency must be charged particle and
photon N
r
times.
2.3.2 Electrically neutral elementary particle energy parameter Calculation
The actual simulation, K
r
changes only with values, by (2.13): K
r
N
r
=
o
o
|
|
2
1
type, is constant, as can be
seen from the table 2.2 electric dipole rotation frequency of N
r
wave changes along the track. By (2.14),
reference ( 2.9), ( 2.10) type inference process, electrically neutral elementary particle of
a
, N
a
, K
r
, a parameter
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relation can be expressed as:
2
2 2 2 2
) cos 1 ( 1
1
) cos 1 ( 1
1
(
(

+ o | o |
|
o o
o
r r
K K
n
1
cos
2
2 2
2
0

+
|
.
|

\
|
=
o
o
o
c
N
N
e
c h
2.15
A electric dipole numbers n=2,
a
=1-10
-9
, N
a
=3, the simulation results are shown in table 2.2.
Proton nuclear core is an electrically neutral elementary particle, fluctuations in quantum number N
a
,
forming a circular orbit spin speed fluctuation, v

=0. From the atomic nucleus inner structure calculation, it is 6


on the electric dipole. n=6, N
a
, substitution (2.15), the simulation results are shown in table 2.2.
Electrically neutral elementary particle internal K
r
value analog computation results table 2.2
Similarly, the neutrino, as n=1, N
a
=1, c precession rate is the speed of light. Fluctuation, precession track is
cylindrical helical line. Considering the precession direction energy relativistic effects, by (2.15) type, too:
|
.
|

\
|

(
(

+
2
0
2
2
2 2 2 2
2
1
2 2
) cos 1 ( 1
1
) cos 1 ( 1
1
e
c h
K K
r r
c
| o | o |
|
o o o
o

2.16
The simulation results are shown in table 2.2. The neutrino in a=089 K
r
values into (2.13 ) type, too:
343323 N
r
5991. Similarly, the proton core, 2.9834 x10
8
Nr5.2033 10
6
.
From table 2.2 showsthat in addition to a= /23 /2, K
r
value is also a continuous gradient function a; in a=/2,
3/2, K
r
value increases rapidly, but with Kr=10
-10~-13
orders of magnitude more, still microscopic little. From n
on the electric dipole formed of electrically neutral particles, because of their a=/2 3/2, through when there is
a tiny distance, the variation of K
r
value range is much smaller than the neutrino. If we consider the electric
dipole rotation frequency number N
r
, then every fluctuation cycle, the electric dipole of the telescopic oscillation
frequency is N
r
times. Of course, we can also make the proton nuclear core of electric dipole within 6 a values
are equal, rotation angle N
ra
interval of 60, 6 pairs of dipole occupy 6 wave track perfectly synchronized motion,
so that the variation of K
r
value with minimum amplitude, but also the most special, the most stable structure. In
addition, all photons neutrino electrically neutral elementary particle, this structure may be proton core can
stabilize the only reason.
2.4 Photon of electromagnetic wave, energy principle And parameter calculation
Photon only by a pair of electrical dipole component, and neutrinos, fluctuation, precession track is
cylindrical spiral line, see figure 2.4.
0 30 60 80 89 100 120 150 180
Particle parameters K
r
10
-13
Electrically neutral
particles n=2 N
a
=3
6.14 6.92 11.13 29.55 280.78 26.78 8.25 4.04 3.19
Proton nuclear core
n=6 N
a
=
1.499 1.732 2.999 8.638 85.948 8.638 2.999 1.732 1.499
Neutrino
n =1 N
a
=1
1303 1504 2605 7501 74637.3 7501 2605 1504 1302
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Fig 2.4 photon along the wave, cylindrical spiral orbit precession formed in the electromagnetic wave principle
diagram
Orbit equation:

+ =
+ =
+ =
) 3 17 . 2 ( ) (
) 2 17 . 2 ( ) sin(
) 1 17 . 2 ( ) cos(
0
0
0
o o
o o
o o
o
o
o
t R Z
t R Y
t R X


The photon is composed of neutrino by high frequency alternating electromagnetic field excited after
the formation of the. When the photon energy is greater than the excitation of the neutrino background field
average energy, electric is dipole polarization, positive, load fluctuation particles around the track rotation
frequency N
r
to 1.Rotation plane by excitation of the alternating electromagnetic field plane control, naturally
formed in a direction perpendicular to the polarization and the electromagnetic wave oscillation. Now load
electric particle fluctuations, rotation speed is composed of (2.7) equation to express. Reference (2.16) type,
photonic Kr value in the calculation results, the same as in table 2.2. Kr values are equal. Photon fluctuation,
precession motion along the electric dipole rotation formed by electromagnetic Potter syndrome is shown in
figure 2.4.
From this chapter analysis shows: the neutrino and photon, is only one, only the energy difference. To
distinguish the antineutrinos, the photon, can only be fluctuations in movement direction, the electric dipole
rotation direction opposite to it, or photons in 0 for a,,2, office, load electric particle in fluctuation, precession
of orbit.
3 Elementary particles within the outer Interaction strength
3.1 Charged particles within the outer interaction strength
3.1.1 With in the charged particles interaction strength calculation
Single charged particles along the orbital motion of the fluctuations, not only to the formation of a
strong centrifugal force of the F
n
, but also form a stronger electric, magnetic force F
e
F
b
. Charged
Particles entity as a small sphere, diameter 2R

, it should be smaller than the electric dipoles within the positive


the load charged particles spacing
o
R K
r
2
. The
o
R R K
r - -
=
formed in the orbital motion of charged
particles along fluctuations electricity, magnetic energy mc
2
. When the orbital motion of charged particles along
the volatility, the centrifugal force should be less than the fluctuation orbital motion of charged particles along
the outside of the two hemispheres of their own electricity, magnetic force F
e
F
b
difference. Figure 3.1, we
will average orbital radius of each charged particle along fluctuations
o
R
radial divided into inner and outer
side of the two hemispheres. "" is omitted, the same below) by the equations of (2.7),
( )c K v
r-
+ = 1
1
|
o
,
( )c K v
r-
= 1
2
|
o
(The

The subscript omitted, the same below) Still exist tends to the speed of light
is poor, resulting in each of the charged particles inside and outside are formed in the fluctuating movement
power, the magnetic field force intensity differences. Newtonian mechanics and (1.2-1), (2.1), (2.2), (2.7),
Figure 3.1 we have:

2
2
2
o o
o
t
|
R
hc
R
mv
F
n
= =
-
3.1
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(
(

+
= A
- -
-
-
2 2 2 2
2
0
2
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) ( 4
) 5 . 0 (
r r
r
e
K K
R K
e
F
| |
tc
o
3.2
(
(

= A
- -
-
-
-
2 2 2 2
2
0
2 2 2
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) ( 4
) 1 ( ) 5 . 0 (
r r
r
r
b
K K
R K
K e
F
| |
tc
|
o
3.3
Compare F
e
- (F
b
+ F
n
) values, simultaneous (3.1) to (3.3), we have:
| |
0
2
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
4
) 1 ( 1
4
2
0
2 2 2 2
2
2 2
2
0
2

|
.
|

\
|

(
(

+

- -
-
-
e
c h
K K
K
K
R
e
r r
r
r
c
|
| |
|
tc
o
3.4
Make to =1-10
9
, K
r
1/-1=10
-9
, by table 2.2: K
r
1.49910
-13
. By the simulation we find that: (3.4)
type: 1.499 x 10
-13
> K
r
+ 8.0 x 10
-15
, is the reasonable scope. K
r
= 8.0 x 10
-15
is charged particles entity radius
coefficient lower limit, and in (3.4), to: F
e
(F
b
+ F
n
)0.Have their own electric and magnetic field
strength of for: maintenanceF
e
F
b
>>0, F
e
F
b
processed maintenance train to fluctuations in the
strength of the inside of the track, is the centrifugal force F
n
the multiple astronomy!

Figure 3.1 charged particles inside the interactions
3.1.2 Charged particles lateral force each other parameters are Calculated
When we will be charged particles tends to zero as a radius small sphere of view, and the lateral force electric
and magnetic field will be to infinite. Magnetic field force charged particles could be overcome their own
electric field repelling force, prevent occurrence blowout phenomenon? Become the scientific community for
many years searching for the mixed number charge of quark?
A charged particle bursts into n pieces of debris, the initial moment of each fragment itself electric and magnetic
field strength respectively for: F
e/n
F
b/n
processed maintenance, processed, we also as long as the
maximum of electric and magnetic field force direction, perpendicular to the
o
v

speed position is enough, (the


same below). By (3.2), (3.3), to:

(
(


= A

(
(

+
(


= A
- -
-
-
-
- -
-
-
) 2 5 . 3 (

) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) ( 4
) 1 (
) 1 (
) 1 5 . 3

) 1 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) ( 4
) 1 (

2 2 2 2
2
0
2 2
2 2 2 2
2
0
r r
r
r
n
b
r r
r n
e
K K
R K
K
n
n e
n
e
F
K K
R K
n
n e
n
e
F
| |
tc
|
| |
tc
o
o


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Obviously, only the beta 1K
r
0, both force to infinite, effect radius is only charged particles entity
radiusK
r
o
R , and two kinds of force just equal size, direction, on the other hand, can be in equilibrium.
Neutral and charged elementary particles, the wave speed coefficient beta for 110
-9
0.9987108301, that:
F
e / n
/F
b / n
1
By analogy, charged particles will instantly blowout, completely disappear, but the fact is not the case. Reason
from elementary particle internal structure, charged particles fluctuation, the spin velocity v
a
v

, theta, electric
dipole N
r
K
r
v
a
rotating speed, etc. As long as we make c v K N v v
r r
> + +
2 2 2
) (
o u o
, one will be the
direction of the speed just for c, can make F
e/ n
/F
b/n
=1 processed maintenance train. Rotation, fluctuation,
spin motion orbit of charged particles oneself electric and magnetic field strength can be charged particles
firmly bound within their own orbit, equal and opposite direction, just to be in equilibrium, the force is charged
particles themselves electric and magnetic fields form the strong force.
The rail to tend to the speed of light wave motion is micro particles inherent characteristics. Because
1.49910
-13
K
r
8.010
-15
, charged particles should be an infinitesimal point of geometry. Want to rely on
particle collision directly hit a moving at the speed of geometric point, by (1.2 1) type, particle collision energy
want to infinite, hit probability of will is an infinitesimal. So, charged particles will is the most basic component
in the whole process of the evolution and structure unit (see infinite and eternal cosmology). Within the
scientific community in the cosmic rays and high-energy particle accelerators collision experiment, explore
decades still cannot be called mixed number charge "quark" particles steadily separated alone, why is this.
Which classical electrodynamics theory in the point of energy "divergence" difficult to solved at the same time.
Charged particles as a particle will not stationary in a certain space geometry point; It never to tend to the speed
of light v
a
v

theta and energy relativistic velocities along the fluctuation, the movement of the spin track; So,
charged particles and electric dipole is composed of elementary particles energy, strength, fluctuation orbit
radius beta R
a
K
r
K
r
parameters such as, only determined by the physical model and equations (1.2) this
book; The energy mc
2
nature is limited. By R
a
R

K
r
theta, beta, Kr parameters such as relationships,
fluctuation, the spin track movement characteristics, all the elementary particle and wave particle duality of
atoms and molecules to form nature and all settled (see chapter 1, 5).
3.2 Electrically neutral elementary particle, the outer Interaction strength
3.2.1 Electrically neutral elementary particle interaction strength Within the computing
Is to set up a pair of electric dipole Charged Particle spacing of L
r
, mutual electrical, magnetic force for F
e
, F
b
,
by (2.1), (2.2), was:

+
=

) 2 6 . 3 (
) cos 1 ( 1 4
) cos 1 (
) 1 6 . 3 (
) cos 1 ( 1 4
2 2 2
0
2 2 2 2
2 2 2
0
2
o | tc
| o
o | tc
r r
r
b
r r
e
K L
K e
F
K L
e
F

Simultaneous get:
2 2 2
) cos 1 (
1
| o
r b
e
K F
F

3.7
1K
r
0 above formula established conditions, field gravitational slightly larger than the magnetic field
repulsion, just plays to overcome the electric dipole rotation movement periodic energy exchange between the
centrifugal force generated by the charged Particle role.
Electrically neutral elementary particle composed by the n pairs of the electric dipole between the electric
and magnetic fields between each pair of electrical dipole or charged particles interaction force Figure 3.2 shows.
By (2.1), (2.2), (3.6-1), (3.6-2), as long as we compare the electric force v
a
direction interaction can. Positive
load electric particle spacing disposed electric dipole spacing for the
o
R A 2
, the staggered L
x
, the relationship
with the other parameters:
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Figure 3.2 electrically neutral elementary particles withinCharged particles in an electric field force diagram
| |

A
=
=
A + =
) 3 8 . 3 (
) 1 ( 2
cos
) 2 8 . 3 (
2
sin
1) - (3.8 ) 1 ( 2 ) 2 (
2
2
x
x
r
r x
L
R n
L
R K
R n R K L
o
o
o o
|
|
By (2.1), (3.6-1), located either on the electrostatic force between the charged particles of charged particles with
homosexual F
ex1
, as F
ex2
heterosexual the electrostatic force between the charged particles, when we calculate
the points A and that B, C between the electric field interaction, we have:

| |
| |
| |
| |

+
+
=
=
A
+
=
) 2 9 . 3 (
sin ) cos 1 ( 1 4
cos ) cos 1 ( 1
) 1 9 . 3 ( ) 0 (sin
) 1 ( 2 4
) cos 1 ( 1
5 . 1
2 2 2 2
0
2 2 2
2
2
0
2 2 2
1
| o | tc
| o |
|
tc
o |
o
r x
r
ex
r
ex
K L
K e
F
R n
K e
F

Simultaneous get:
| |
| | { }
5 . 1
2 2 2
2
2
3
1
2
) 2 ( ) cos 1 ( ) 1 ( 2 ) 2 (
) 1 ( 2
o o o
o
o | R K K R n R K
R n
F
F
r r r
ex
ex
+ A +
A
= 3.10
Clearly, the equilibrium conditions of the two directions of the electric force is beta 1K
r
0.
If we (3.6-1) (3.9-1), two formulas were compared and set
o
R L A = 10
x
, n = 2, then
( )
( )
5 . 1
2
2
1 1 25
1
|

n
F
F
ex
e
.
Because =1-10
-9
n=2, substituting too: F
e
/ F
ex1
=4.472110
11
. By the previous result: electricity,
electric dipole magnetic field interaction force between the electric dipole 4.472110
11
times! So, when the
electric and magnetic fields within the electric dipole interaction force F
e
F
b
as a super force, the electric and
magnetic field force between the electric dipole F
ex1
F
bx1
naturally become weak interaction force. This proves
the strong and weak interactions are actually electrical, magnetic interactions.
3.2.2 Electrically neutral elementary particle surface interaction Strength calculations
Provided an electrically neutral elementary particle has n pairs of electric dipole, electric dipoles along the
radius of rotation of the vertical fluctuations in the direction of movement of the n
o
R K
r
as elementary
particles surface radius. For calculation purposes, we analyzed the calculation of fluctuations, the outside of the
spin-orbit a= at the electric dipole rotation orbit, the outer surface of the electric and magnetic field force size,
you can understand the whole picture. Its surface force refers to the orbit of rotation of the electric dipoles
within the elementary particles, the outer surface of the integrated power, the difference of magnetic
forceF
e
,F
b
. By (2.1), (2.2),F
e
, F
b
:
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(
(

= A

(
(

+
= A
) 2 11 . 3 (
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) 2 ( 4
) 1 ( ) (
) 1 11 . 3 (
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) 2 ( 4
) (
2 2 2 2
2
0
2 2 2
2 2 2 2
2
0
2
r r
r
r
b
r r
r
e
K K
R K
K ne
F
K K
R K
ne
F
| |
tc
|
| |
tc
o
o

Simultaneous equations (3.11) have:
(
(

+
+
= A A
2 2
2 2 2
2 2
2 2 2
2
0
2
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) 2 ( 4
) (
r
r
r
r
r
b e
K
K
K
K
R K
ne
F F
|
| |
|
| |
tc
o
3.12
The Table 2.2, of N
a
=1n=1=1-10
-9
K
r
=1302.610
-13
value (3.1) into (3.12), we have:
0
2
10 675331 . 8
4
2
0 2 13
2
0
2
>>
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ = + A A
e
c h
n
R
e
F F F
n b e
c
|
tc
o
o
3.13
Which, together electric force outward from elementary particle fluctuations inside track, or magnetic
forces inward, comprehensive electrical, magnetic force point fluctuations outside the orbit. The centrifugal
force F
na
electricity, magnetic force F
e
, F
b
compared clearly insignificant. Similarly, if let a = 0, the
integrated electricity, magnetic forces also point to the fluctuations outside the orbit, but point to the inside of
the spin-orbit. Therefore, the entire elementary particle surface along fluctuations, spin-orbit motion, integrated
electric and magnetic field force in the spin-orbit direction of changes. By (3.4), we know that the entire the
elementary particle surface electric and magnetic field force is much smaller than the charged particles outside
of electric and magnetic forces. The overall synthesis characteristics of electric and magnetic forces capable of
elementary particles firmly constrained fluctuations, spin-orbit. The chapter concludes with a comparative
demonstration will feature in Table 3.1.
3.3 Charged elementary particles outside The interaction strength
3.3.1 Charged elementary particle interaction strength within Computing
By figure 3.3 shows, set in the elementary particles by n of electric dipole and a positive charged particles.
When we calculated at point A and point B, and C of the electric force between charged particles F
ex1
, F
ex2
,
make AC = L
x
, the interval between two of electric dipole in2
o
R A , because:
Reference (3.6-1), (3.9) equations have to:
| |

A + =
A =
=
) 3 14 . 3 ( ) 1 2 ( ) 2 (
) 2 14 . 3 ( ) 1 2 (
) 1 14 . 3 ( 2
2
2
o o
o
o
R n R K L
R n AE
R K EC
r x
r


| |
| |
| |
| |

+
+
=
=
A
+
=
) 2 15 . 3 (
sin ) cos 1 ( 1 4
cos ) cos 1 ( 1
) 1 15 . 3 ( ) 0 (sin
2 4
) cos 1 ( 1
5 . 1
2 2 2 2
0
2 2 2
2
2
0
2 2 2
1
| o | tc
| o |
|
tc
o |
o
r x
r
ex
r
ex
K L
K e
F
R n
K e
F

Will make F
ex1
/F
ex2
=-1, equations (3.14) into (3.15) equations were checking:
| |
2
3
2
2
2 2
) 5 . 0 ( ) 5 . 0 (
) cos 1 ( 1

+
= A
n n n
K
R K R
r
r
o |
o o
3.16
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Figure 3.3 charged basic internal charged particles electric field force diagram
Make N
a
= 3, into (2.11), to: = 0.9989472725. For n = 3, table 2.1 to: K
r
= 10.5879 x 10
-5
. Generation into
(3.16), to: 0366927 . 0 =
A
o
o
R K
R
r
. That stagger the interval between the electric dipole is far less than the
inside of the electric dipole is, load power distance between particles.
By the same token, if make n = 1, look-up table 2.2: K
r
= 25.224 x 10
-5
, substituting (3.16), type:
082844 . 0 =
A
o
o
R K
R
r
, explain with electric dipole number n decrease, interval increases.
3.3.2 Charged particle surface force strength calculation
Set in the elementary particles by n of electric dipole and a surplus of charged particles, because of the excess
unpaired distribution of charged particles is always in the inside of the spin track, and
o o
R K R
r
<< A , we
can carry on the simplified calculation. In a=, the inside of the n+1 charged particles on the lateral n a
charged particle synthesis of electric field attractive processed F
e
maintenance, integrated magnetic repelling
force processed F
b
, respectively:

(
(

+
+
= A

(
(

+
+
= A
) 2 17 . 3 (
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) 2 ( 4
) 1 ( ) 1 (
) 1 17 . 3 (
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) 2 ( 4
) 1 (
2 2 2 2
2
0
2 2 2
2 2 2 2
2
0
2
r r
r
r
b
r r
r
e
K K
R K
K e n n
F
K K
R K
e n n
F
| |
tc
|
| |
tc
o
o

Movement of elementary particles along the track motion of centrifugal force F
na
is:

) 1 ( 2
) c o s (
2
2
2

+
= =
o o
o
o
o
o
t
o |
N R
N c h
R
mv
F
n
3.18
The equations (3.17) and (3.18) - united stand:

+
|
.
|

\
|
+
(
(

+
+ +
= + A A
1
) cos (
2
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) 2 (
) 1 )( 1 (
4 2
2
0
2 2 2 2
2
2 2 2
2
0
2
o
o
o
o
o
|
c
| |
| |
tc
N
N
e
c h
K K
K
K n n
R
e
F F F
r r
r
r
n b e

3.19
Make n = 2, N
a
=3=0.9989472725a=, from table 2.1 to: K
r
= 1.48881 x 10
-4
, generation into (3.19), to:
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0
2
2679492 . 0
10 4389849 . 4
4
2
0
5
2
0
2
>>
(
(
(

|
.
|

\
|
+

= + A A
e
c h
R
e
F F F
n b e
c
| tc
o
o
3.20
With equations (3.11), (3.12) and (3.13) - similar to charged elementary particles comprehensive electric and
magnetic field strength in a=0 is pointing in the direction of wave rail lateral, but strength is much smaller
than neutral particles. Also change in the direction of the resultant force along the spin track, also is far less than
that of (3.4) - calculation of charged particles inside and outside comprehensive electric and magnetic field
strength. The whole electric and magnetic field force synthesis characteristics can also be charged elementary
particles firmly constraints in the fluctuation, the spin track.
3.4 The basic particles in internal wave direction other Position and spin direction orbit inner side and
outside Of the interaction force strength calculation
3.4.1 Elementary particle internal interactions in the wave direction Other position strength calculation
Set a neutral elementary particles composed of n to the electric dipole. According to (3.1), each pair of electric
dipole along the wave produced by the orbital motions centrifugal force F
na
is:
2
2
2
o o
o
o
t
|
R n
c h
R n
mv
F
n
= = 3.21
By table 2.2, K
r
10
-8
and (3.4) results to: 1.499110
-13
K
r
8.010
-15
Because K
r
cosa0K
r
cosa0. We
can put each pair of electric dipole in positive and load fluctuation rate charged particles are v
a
, has nothing to
do with position in wave a. Each charged particles along the orbit radius fluctuation
o
R Aradial are divided
into inner and outside two hemispheres, by (2.7) equations: ) 1 (
1
c K v
r-
+ = |
o
c K v
r
) 1 (
2 -
= |
o
is still
poor speed, leading to each charged particles, and the lateral formed in the wave motion of electric and magnetic
field force intensity difference. By (3.2) ~ (3.4) and (3.11) equations, n of electric dipole in 2n a charged particle
inside and outside comprehensive electric and magnetic field force F
eb
processed for:
| |
(
(

+

= A
- -
-
-
-
2 2 2 2
2
0
2 2 2
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) ( 4
) 1 ( 1 ) 5 . 0 ( 2
r r
r
r
eb
K K
R K
K e n
F
| |
tc
|
o
3.22
Will (1.2 1) into (3.21), to =1-10
-9
F
eb
F
na
>>0, simultaneous (3.21) and (3.22), to:
| |
0
2
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
4
) 1 ( 1 2
4
2
0
2 2
2 2
2
2 2
2
0
2
>>

|
.
|

\
|

(
(
(
(
(

+

-
-
-
-
ne
c h
K
K
K
K n
R
e
r
r
r
r
c
|
|
|
|
tc
o

3.23
The conditions of (3.23) - is 1/

-1K
r
8.010
-15
. Will K
r
=8.010
-15
generations into (3.23), for n=1, a:
processed:F
eb
/F
na
>>1, the results are shown in table 3.1. These results show that neutral elementary particles
within each charged particles comprehensive electric and magnetic field force direction along the R
a
to
fluctuations in the inside of the track, is a multiple centrifugal force in the direction of the wave astronomy.
Similarly, the charged particle, because most of the energy is reflected on the remaining charged particles, so:
o
o
o
R
mv
F
n
2
= 3.24
| |
(
(

+
+
= A
- -
-
-
-
2 2 2 2
2
0
2 2 2
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) ( 4
) 1 ( 1 ) 5 . 0 )( 1 2 (
r r
r
r
eb
K K
R K
K e n
F
| |
tc
|
o
3.25
Simultaneous (3.24) and (3.25), to F
eb
F
na
>>0, to:
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| |
0
2
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
4
) 1 ( 1 1) 2
4
2
0
2 2
2 2
2
2 2
2
0
2
>>

|
.
|

\
|

(
(
(
(
(

+

-
-
-
-
e
c h
K
K
K
K n
R
e
r
r
r
r
c
|
|
|
|
tc
o


3.26
Make =0.9987108301N
a
=n=2K
r
=8.010
-15
, into(3.26), to:
0
2
10 8125 07 . 3
4
2
0 15
2
0
2
>>
(

|
.
|

\
|

e
c h
R
e c
|
tc
o
3.27
Make 1-10
-9
n2K
r
8.010
-15
, and into3.26to
0
2
10 493835 . 3
4
2
0 8 1
2
0
2
>>
(

|
.
|

\
|

e
c h
R
e c
|
tc
o
3.28
3.4.2 Elementary particle movement of internal and external spin track Motion the e and h field force
strength calculation results
To charged particles inside and outside surface and the basic particle surface comprehensive electric and
magnetic field, the results shown in table 3.1. To see that all the elementary particles, charged particles, only
fluctuation, spin, rotation speed is c v >

to stable; Elementary particles within each charged particles along the


fluctuation, the movement of the spin track, inside and outside the two hemispheres of electric and magnetic
field force F
eb
processed Feb always pointing in the direction of wave orbital medial, size is fundamental
particles along the fluctuation track movement form centrifugal F
na
astronomy multiples; And far outweigh its
fluctuation track along the surface of the whole elementary particles movement form comprehensive electric and
magnetic field strength of F
eb
, (because K
r
> > K
r
); The latter always pointing in the direction of wave rail
lateral; So, the entire elementary particles can be firmly constraints in the fluctuation, the spin track.
Charged particles, the basic particle surface comprehensive electric and magnetic field force strength
comparison table 3.1
So, each charged particle far outweigh the elementary particles on the surface of the comprehensive
electric and magnetic field strength can be unlimited to wave orbital medial shrinkage? The answer is: not! First,
different elementary particles fluctuation orbit radius R
a
represent different energy, should be the elementary
particles inside the inherent characteristics. Inward contraction means that energy increases self into infinite,
violation of the law of conservation of energy. Secondly, all of the charged particles, the fluctuation, spin,
rotation orbit, can stable existence is the precondition of its speed is c v >

. We cut the ball every charged


particles entity into 2n, see figure 3.4.
By (2.1), (2.2), too: when speed is c v =

, integrated electric and magnetic field interactions only occurs in the


vertical direction the speed, the lateral plane of two small pieces, each other between adjacent plane electricity,
magnetic force is zero. So, by (3.4), each charged particles internal comprehensive electric and magnetic field
force as F
eb
, as follows:
Particle category v
a
K
r
K
r

F
eb ()
/ F
na

Calculation
formula
Charged particles
1-10
- 9
c
K
r
= 8.010
-15
5.099110
15
3.4
Electrically neutral
elementary particles
1-10
- 9
c
K
r
=1.30610
-10
K
r
= 8.010
-15
6.330710
11
1.019810
16
3.13
3.23
Charged elementary
particles
n =2
0.998947273c
0.998710830c
1-10
- 9
c
K
r
=1.488810
- 4

K
r
= 8.010
-15


K
r
= 8.010
-15

1.2099610
4
2.250410
13

2.549610
16
3.20
3.27
3.28
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| |
) 29 . 3 (
) 1 ( 1
1
) 1 ( 1
1
) 4 4 ( 4
) 1 ( 1
2 2 2 2
2 2
0
2 2 2
(
(


= A
- -
-
-
-
r r
r
r
eb
K K
n K R
K e
F
| |
tc
|
o


Figure 3.4 charged particles inside the subdivision schemes
Theoretically, slice the n value size there is no limit, but it can reflect the basic particle of the charged
particles in the different combination structure, can normal environment, the orbit of wave motion position of
deformation degree of stretch. It must adjust instantly, always meet in table 3.1 F
eb
F
eb
, elementary
particles can be properly, firmly constraints in the fluctuation, the spin track. Provide the self adjusting, the
tensile deformation and from can state the conditions of the environment around other charged particles of the
opposite sex, charged particles between electric field. This is for elementary particles, nuclei, atomic units must
be positive and load all the micro particle charged particles, with positive and negative, the basic particle of
symbiosis. (See chapter 7 nucleus structure model and the nuclear force forming principle).
Photons, neutrinos only consists of a pair of electric dipole, can no longer separation, and the same,
rotate speed, track is cylindrical helical, and so is stable. Electronic more than only a charged particle, also can
no longer separation, so also is stable. By (3.16), charged elementary particles along the fluctuation track
movement direction, internal each distance between charged particles with the number of electric dipole n laid
great decreases and the interval between big and small beside. The electric and magnetic field inside the natural
cause interactions imbalance, split decays either. To

can only be protons, within the nucleus. The reason for


this is internal only 2 of electric dipole and charged particles. Each charged particles interval symmetrical on
both sides are equal, just show the internal comprehensive electric and magnetic field force between the charged
particles is just balance, and a corresponding stable around the external "state" of the environment, both protons,
nuclei formed special structure within the nuclear force, see chapter 6 and nuclear physics. On the proton core,
composed of 6 to the electric dipole, for 6 to electric dipole just in same fluctuations orbital plane synchronous
movement, spacing stagger 60 DHS, charged particles positive and negative switch position, this special
structure to make proton has a special stability characteristics of the core. In addition to the above five kinds of
particles can be concluded that: all other elementary particles, because of the electromagnetic force between
internal charged particles are equilibrium state, so is not stable.

4 Elementary particle, strong and weak electricity, Magnetic interaction unity
4.1 The uncertainty relation
4.1.1 Unity the principle of set upon the basis
Existing statistical theory of quantum mechanics theory of elementary particles and conditions within
the nucleus, strong and weak electricity, magnetic interaction is the characteristic length, whether to have
produced neutrinos, role to distinguish the distance from the surface phenomenon. Has been proved in front of
the book, the elementary particles energy origin is electromagnetic field energy. Internal super function and
division decay is the weak interaction of charged particles and electric dipole along the fluctuation track
movement of electric and magnetic field force acting between themselves and each other. So, we have every
reason to further corollary: elementary particles inside the super function, along with the weak interaction of
neutrino formation, interaction with electric and magnetic field is the same; Is the basic of particles with
different energy fluctuation, spin quantization in the process of transition between the stationary orbit, n of
electric dipole (charged particles and a surplus) collection divided, electricity, magnetic energy release of
radiation process.
As long as we can from this book elementary particles quantization stationary vertical double elliptical orbit
model, using classical electrodynamics and energy relativity principle, from an average of energy and
momentum conservation, momentum, charge number, baryonic number are the basic laws of physics, according
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to the basic particles along the orbit of the distance, speed, time, the relevance of the derived four functions are
the basic particles, split the decay product changes life, energy and the motion state equation, is strict prove the
above argument.
4.1.2 The uncertainty relation
According to the basic particles moving along the orbit model, from all the elementary particles
sprayed out of a particle accelerator, shall have volatility, spin, and went into the quantization of cylindrical
helical compound movement track. Precession speed v
j
and spin speed v

, mutually perpendicular direction,


movement track as shown in figure 1.2 and figure 4.1.
Chart description: spray type basic particle track is not from the point source to the collision between a straight
line, but a piano, the thickness of the cylinder to the diameter of the fluctuation track 2R
a
, see figure 1.2 and
figure 4.2, which indicated that the micro particle wave particle duality nature. Hybrid orbital motion equations
(1.2) and (2.17) equation should be extended to:

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
} }
) 7 1 . 4 (
) 6 1 . 4 (
) 5 1 . 4 (
) 4 1 . 4 (
) 3 1 . 4 ( cos
) 2 1 . 4 (
2
) 1 1 . 4 (
2
2
0
2
0
0
t v Z
v v
d R N d R
N
R R R
mv
h
R
mv
h
R
j
j u
t
o o
t
u
o
o u u
u
u
o
o
o u
u o
o
t
t


Figure 4.1 elementary particles along the fluctuation, spin, move into the compound orbit in split, decay
principle diagram
Front has been proved: static fundamental particles speed fluctuation v
a
c, along the fluctuation, the spin
quantization stationary vertical double.
Moving in elliptical orbit, because of the fluctuation, the speed of the spin direction, and to follow the
law of conservation of momentum and the average momentum, energy, will not happens electromagnetic energy
radiation. So, only in the injection type fluctuations, spin, the motion of the complex motion in orbit, the chapter
3 of the analysis shows that the fluctuation, spin, precession direction, a=/23/2, electric dipole vibration
coefficient K
r
value is uncertain, elementary particle energy only in a=/23/2, to discontinuous changes, and
appeared precession direction of electromagnetic energy radiation. (of course, also can produce ionization
collisions in environmental media, such as energy loss). Such as electromagnetic wave radiation of energy loss,
the fluctuations of elementary particle track N
a
quantum number increasing, spin, precession direction speed v

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v
j
decreases gradually, the basic particle energy will gradually reduced. When N
a
, v

and v
j
change to a certain
extent, the elementary particle decay. Its decay products division quantum fluctuations in the number of N
a

smaller, v

, v
j
larger, took place under an electromagnetic wave energy radiation loss and fragmentation decay
process. Until its internal structure, energy and motion state compatible with the environment so far.

Figure 4.2 basic particle formation wave particle duality principle diagrams
In

, for example, by the energy principle of relativity, the injection hybrid orbital motion of the
moving average quality
t
m and static average quality
0 t
m for the relationship between:
o
t
t
| N
m
m
2
0
1
= 4.2
When it is in moving into electromagnetic waves or other forms of energy radiation loss occurs, the quantum
fluctuations interest and interest of N
ai
and N
ai + 1
track transition motion when the energy difference between
2
i
c m
t
A for:
|
|
.
|

\
|

A
+ + 1
2
1
2
2
0
2
i
1
1
1
1
i i i i
N N
c m c m
o o
t t
| |
4.3
By classical electrodynamics principle, fundamental particles in the moving direction for speed v
j
changes lead
to electromagnetic field energy radiation power P
e
for:
( ) | |
3
2 3
0
2
2
1 6 c v c
v e
P
j
j
e

=
tc

4.4
Fundamental particles along the spin, the motion orbit of each cycle for the
i
T
u
by (1.4-2) type:
i
i
i
i
i i
i i
i
i
N c m
hN
N c
N R
v
L
T
o t
o
o
o u
u
u
u
|
|
|
t
2
2
0
0
i
1
) (
1
2
=

= 4.5
Its average acceleration
j
v
should be the average rate of change of the spin precession direction speed v
j
cycle,
too:
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( )
1
1
1
2
1
+
+
+
+
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
i i
i
i
i
i
j
T T
N N
c
v
u u
o o
| |

4.6
By (1.6), (4.2), we have:

i
i
i
i
i
N c m
N h
R
o t
o
u
|
| t
2
0
0
1
2
1

=
4.7
Similarly,
i
value is calculated by the formula (2.11) can be simplified as:
1
2
2 2
1
2
0
2

|
.
|

\
|
=

i
i
i
i
N
N
e
c h
o
o
c
|
|
4.8
To
c
a e
c h 1 2
2
0
=
c
, generation into (4.8), to:
i
i c i c i
i
N
N a N a N
o
o o o
|
2 4
1 ) 1 ( 32
2
+
=
4.9
A fundamental particles each spin, electromagnetic wave radiation energy into dynamic cycle for W
e||i
, by (4.4)
~ (4.9), to:
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
(
(

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

=
+ =
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
1
2
1
2
1
1
2
2
3
1
2
1
3
2
0
2
1
1
0
2
1
1 1 1 1 5 . 1
) (
2
1
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i i i e i e
N
N
N
N
N N
h
N N
m c e
T T P W
o
o
o
o
o o
o o
t
u u
|
|
|
|
| |
tc
| |
4.10
A K
ti
for time coefficient, make K
ti
=
2
c m
i t
A /

W
e||i
. Because K
ti
>> 1, jet type elementary particles should be N
ai

and N
ai+1
quantization stationary orbit passes between K
ti
time step transition radiation, the energy of the
oscillation will
2
c m
i t
A all out, and then turn to the next level track; Or in N
ai
and N
ai+1
fluctuations between
quantum number still exist K
ti
the fluctuations of the transition of a mixed number quantum number; So, the life
of the fundamental particles T should be:

=
+
+ =
Nai
i
i i
ti
T T
K
T
1
1
) (
2
u u
4.11
To (4.3) ~ (4.10) - integrated into (4.11), and the determination of the equation, too:
8
||
h K
T W
i
i e
=
4.12
The K
i
value change with fluctuating interest quantum number N
ai
calculation results shown in table 4.1.
The change of the calculation results show that K
i
value only associated with N
ai
value, actually has nothing to
do with particle rest mass m
0
completely, that is to say: (4.12) - the basic particles of any quality calculation
results are the same. This chapter main consideration particle into the moving direction of electromagnetic
radiation energy, the particle collisions with medium, ionization, and other forms of energy loss is not
consideration. Obviously, the latter's influence can be neglected. So, this chapter not only reveals the uncertainty
relation between forming principle, but also changes with fluctuations N
ai
quantum number of accurate value.
The K
i
value change with fluctuating interest quantum number N
ai
the results table 4.1

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By
mathematical simulation results and comparison, we can use (4.13) - instead of table 4.1 the results:
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ + =
2 e
35 . 3 16 . 2
1
8
i i
i
N N
h
T W
o o
4.13
To basic particles are electrically neutral, there are still changes periodically of the electric and magnetic field,
and the same energy origin, follow energy relativity formula (4.2), so the same applies to the above analysis
results, the difference only lies in = 1-10
-9
is constant.
4.2 Elementary particle life, split the decay product relates To the law of conservation of energy, and
momentum
4.2.1 Elementary particles split the decay product service life and the Law of conservation of energy, and
momentum equation
Elementary particle energy originated from internal electric dipole magnetic energy oscillations. By
(2.9) ~ (2.16) - the results indicated that electric dipole coefficient K
r
value, mainly with the basic particle
internal electric dipole log n; Electrically neutral basic particles and charged particles K
r
value size difference is
quite wide, and fluctuations quantum interest of N
ai
and track the position of a also to have certain relations; In
a=/23/2 position, all of the neutral or charged elementary particles, K
r
values are uncertain value; At this
time, the internal each charged particles between the electric and magnetic field force is perpendicular to the
wave, the spin track radius, the resultant force tends to zero. So in elementary particles under the action of
centrifugal force, the fluctuation track the movement of the position of the decay of split occurred only in
a=/23/2. Only in this way, particles and matrix division within the plasma particles decay coefficient of all
the electric dipole of K
r
can get; And matrix and the plasma particles in a=/2 location or near the moment when
the sum of energy and momentum is still should follow the law of conservation of energy, momentum and
energy gradually reduce spontaneous split the decay law of.
Movement of elementary particles along the orbital motion of the average quality of
i
m and instant quality
i
m
relationship, by (1.2-1), (1.3-1), (1.5) and (2.8) equations have to:
( )
1
cos

+
=
i
i i
i
N
N m
m
o
o
o
4.14
Still in
+
u
+
+ (neutrino) hormone called tau was decay process, for example, in the direction of the wave
motion, by (4.2), (4.14), we have:
( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )



+
=

+
+

+
=

+
) 2 15 . 4 (
1 1
cos
1 1
cos
) 1 15 . 4 (
1 1
cos
1 1
cos
2
0
2
0
2
0
2
0
c m
N N
c N m
N N
c N m
m
N N
N m
N N
N m
u u u
u u u
u u u
u u
v
o o
o
ot ot t
t ot t
v
o o
o
ot ot t
ot t
|
| o
|
| o
|
o
|
o

Because charged elementary particles wave speed vi theta I decreases with increasing number of
quantum fluctuations N
ai
, so split decay, quality very small neutrino wave speed direction should be contrary to
maternal particles, the jet recoil role to improve the quality of the plasma particles u
+
the sons of light wave
velocity. Interactions by chapter 3 basic particle internal structure and analysis can be seen: elementary particles
stability condition is various, load interaction of charged particles, electricity, magnetic repelling force,
attraction vector and must be far outweigh the centrifugal force. Split decay in a=/23/2, by the charged
particle interactions between
o
R K
r
A change caused by imbalance. By equations (4.15):
( )
( )( )
|
|
.
|

\
|
+


+
=
u
u
N N
N m
m
|
| |
|
o
t
ot ot t
ot t
v
1
1 1
cos
2
0
4.16
N
ai
2 5 10 50
K
i
2.926064 1.536049 1.239385 1.044161
N
ai
100 500 1000 5000
K
i
1.021870 1.004341 1.002168 1.000433
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4.2.2 Parameters of the simulation results
If parent
+
mesons, plasma u
+
light and electrical dipole moment coefficient in hormone called
neutrinos m

tau were K
ri
value, N
ai

i
R
o
A

i
parameters change, is in the Angle of wave Aa=90
o
~91
o
within
the interval of the moment, by (4.14), (4.15-1), (4.16), the moment of matrix and plasma particles energy
changes with fluctuations N
ai
quantum number shown in table 4.2. From visible: when N
au
= 4,
+
split muon
decay into u
+
light quantum number changes when fluctuation range of corresponding: 1242N
a
110. The
N
a
value generation into (4.10), (4.13), to
+
violation of life range for: 4.57928910
-8
T2.83269810
-12

(seconds).
Similarly, a range and N
a
T, the relationship between see table 4.3.
therefore, the life of the fundamental particles directly with particles in internal fluctuation track Angle
parameter a=90
o
~91
o
interval change of division of speed, although this chapter only to a few a Angle value
interval type calculation comparison, readers can see the change trend of calculation and the experimental
results perfectly.
The
+
mesons in a=90
o
~91
o
interval split decay instantly energy changes the results table 4.2
The

mesons a value range and N
a
,T the relationship between the calculation result table 4.3
N
m -- m 10
28
Kg
N m10
-- 28
Kg
2 4.971994843~910636872
3 3.730167878~ 692582141 2 3.763675139~3.717228697
4
5
6
7
8
3.316109467~3.287172421
3.109056233~3.084790194
2.984816239~2.963549677
2.901986125~2.882843494
2.842820036 ~ 2.82527882

9 2.798444514 ~ 2.78216465 3 2.823842472~2.795389007
10
11
..
50
..
100
..
2.763929647~ 2.74867598
2.736317391~2.721918619
..
2.538513845 ~ 2.53224843
..
2.512896999~2.508511389
..

110
111
112
..
200
..
300
..
500
..
1000
..
1242
2.510593818~2.506416136
2.510386532~2.506228054
2.51018298 ~ 2.506043444
..
2.500281559~2.497196033
..
2.496104525~2.493589412
..
2.492772936~2.490827339
..
2.490280078~2.488905709
..
2.489794933~2.488561947
4 2.510468711~2.488561851
1243
1244
..
2000..

3000
..
5000
..
10000
...

2.48979332 ~ 2.488560831
2.48979171 ~ 2.488559718
..
2.489035519~2.488064178
..
2.488620942~2.487827978
..
2.48828938 ~ 2.487675235
..
2.488040767~2.487606544
..
2.487792203~2.487792203
5
6
..
.
..

2.353761653~2.335390653
2.259730608 ~ 2.24363022
..
..
..
1.883551778~1.883551778

note

Values are hormone called m were by
N = 4 in the results of calculation, and
N =23Compared to the error
is negligible

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5 Microwave field characteristics of the transmission Principle and parameter calculation
5.1 Microwave field characteristics and parameters
Are calculated
5.1.1 Microwave field characteristics
In the scientific community existing on the stability of the particle detection technology and
knowledge level, combined with this theoretical model, can be determined for stable particle in the universe
detection task has been finished. So, evenly distributed in space, the long-term stability of 2.73 K bold
background of microwave radiation is caused by what? In protons, electrons and photons (electromagnetic
waves), and choose between neutrinos, can only be electromagnetic waves.
Front has been proved that electromagnetic waves and photons are similar, when electromagnetic
wave energy big light when it is photons, only consists of a pair of electric dipole, the fluctuation, the velocity is
the speed of light c, orbit for cylindrical helical. When the electromagnetic wave energy small light when it
becomes neutrino campaign to medium electromagnetic field shock wave. Because neutrinos are electrically
neutral appearance elementary particles, low quality, and other particles, and atomic and molecular interaction is
very weak, so have the special characteristics of penetration and diffusion. Inevitable in a similar gas molecular
motion state evenly spread in the vast space, the physical characteristics can be reference to analysis and
calculation of gas molecules kinematics law of thermodynamics.
5.1. 2 Microwave field parameters are calculated
By molecular dynamics and the universe space 2.73 K in bold background microwave radiation characteristics
of a microwave average energy for
v
W :
KT W 5 . 1 =
v
K is the Boltzmann constant (5.1
Will the AAT = 2.73 value generation into (5.1), to:
v
W =5.6537945110
-23
J, By the energy theory of relativity
to:
v
W =
2
c m
v
,
v
m =6.29069477810
-40
Kg, root mean square velocity is:
c
m
KT
v 2
3
= =
v
(5. 2)
Will to
v
m , T = 2.73 value generation into (5.2), to: c v 2 = , (directly (5.1),
v
W =
2
c m
v
generation into
(5.2), the result is the same, and the temperature T.) That microwave fluctuations, rotate speed and photon
exactly the same, all is the speed of light. Because of fluctuation, the velocity is constant c, so for microwave,
the speed of gas molecules in different temperature distribution curve should be changed to microwave energy
distribution curve. Thus, microwave and photon neutrinos are only one, only energy size difference.
We by the surface of the earth, the sun for microwave, hydrogen molecular kinetic energy, and gravitational
potential energy compared with gravity density change, analyze the characteristics of the microwave diffusion,
the results shown in table 5.1.
Hydrogen molecules, microwave kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy and diffusion characteristics
calculation results table 5.1
a value range N
a
Constituting range Particle life range (seconds)
90~90.5
90~90.75
90~90.95
90~90.99
187N
a
110
307N
a
110
734N
a
110
1083N
a
110
2.36028110
-12
T2.8327010
-12
1.71223610
-10
T2.8327010
-12
5.58798910
- 9
T2.8327010
-12
2.64764310
- 8
T2.8327010
-12
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Comparing the calculation results can be seen, the earth, the sun gravitational potential energy of
hydrogen are far outweigh the kinetic energy, gravitational density distribution in N
1
> N
2
, can prevent
hydrogen molecules spread into space. To the gravitational potential energy is far less than the kinetic energy of
the microwave. Is the sun that belongs to medium quality of stars in the universe, the microwave gravitational
potential energy only kinetic energy of the 2.105 x 10
-6
times!!!! Have no influence gravity density distribution
changes with height. Moreover, at the speed of light wave and move into the neutrino has extremely strong
penetration performance. Any substance composed of atoms, molecules container or planets, stars, in the
presence of the neutrino is "transparent". So, unless the super massive stars or black holes on the edge of the
strong gravity field can't stop neutrino internal evenly spread in the whole universe space and stars, forming the
omnipresent neutrino field and space evenly distributed in the 2.73 K bold microwave background radiation
field.
5.2 Electromagnetic wave propagation theory and Parameter calculation
We know from the fluctuation of the laws of physics: any energy wave must have a media of
communication, early have not yet found that neutrinos, think is a transverse wave; electromagnetic wave is
only transmitted in solid medium. Michelson use optical methods and measure to earth absolute movement of
historical conditions, the scientific community media of propagation of electromagnetic waves will temporarily
leave out also can understand.
Now, the book has proved the photon and neutrinos are composed of a pair of electric dipole, all at
the speed of the wave, the cylindrical helical orbit; Photons in the electric dipole rotation angular velocity and
angular velocity fluctuation is same, can show in the fluctuation, the motion characteristics of electromagnetic
wave, see figure 2.4; Neutrino because of electric dipole in rotation angular velocity is the photon, hormone
called N
u
were 343323N

5991, hormone called N


u
were (see chapter 2); The electromagnetic wave frequency
is the same times, hormone called energy photon N

were to show the variation characteristics of transient
electromagnetic field in the scientific community is still not aware of; The omnipresent, uniform distribution of
magnetic dipole of neutrino and early people think "etheric field" how similar!
By molecular dynamics and gas elastic medium wave propagation theory, the gas molecules adiabatic index r
for:
r=C
p
/C
v
=1+2/i 5.3
(C
p
type is the gas constant pressure heat capacity, C
v
constant heat capacity, i for molecular
translational and rotational degrees of freedom). Neutrinos, into the dynamic track can be regarded as piano,
translational degree of freedom for 2, the rotation of the electric dipole of freedom is 2, generation of (5.3) in
type, too: r = 1.5. According to the section of neutrino uniform diffusion distribution characteristics, can use
ideal gas of the propagation of logitudinal wave velocity formula:
category
Kinetic energy J
Gravitational potential
energyJ
Gravity density
distribution
Using the
formula
d
W =1.5 KT
g
W =GM
1
2
m

/ R
N
i
=N
o
e
mgH i / kT
microwave
The earth
The sun
5.6537945110
- 23

3.94436583710
-32
1.18989168710
-28

H
1
=1m, H
2
=50000m
N
1
=N
o,
N
2
=N
o
N
1
=N
o,
N
2
=N
o

hydrogen
The earth
The sun

6.171541310
-21
1.2991301510
-19


2.0986650910
-19
6.3310155610
-16


N
1
=N
o,
N
2
=0.671N
o
N
1
=N
o,
N
2
=0.591N
o

Note Microwave temperature take 2.73 K, and the earth's surface hydrogen take 298
K, the surface of 6273 K. Assume that hydrogen without decomposition,
ionization, temperature is constant.
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c
u
rRT
v
i
= 5.4
Will r=1.5, R for the universal gas constant, T=2.73K, u=
v
m ,
2
c W m
v v
= ,
N
A
=3.74671210
-16
Kg/mol, and in (5.4), to: v
j
=2.9979243610
8
m/s, it is the speed of light c! And has nothing
to do with the temperature of the blackbody microwave radiation! Experiments have determination. Maxwell's
equations of electromagnetic field also have been proved theoretically, the electromagnetic wave is transmitted
at the speed of light. But how can is a transverse wave, electromagnetic wave in gas state distribution of
neutrino field spread? And neutrino field propagation speed of longitudinal wave and happens to be the speed of
light, it can't be coincidence?

Figure 5.1 electromagnetic oscillation source formation of power line and the polarization of the neutrino
electric dipole moment directional arrangement plan ""on behalf of the electric dipole moment
Detailed analysis of the mechanism of electromagnetic wave propagation in the neutrino field, it is
not hard to find, it with solid material principle of transverse shear deformation of the spread in different. When
an electromagnetic vibration source, we can simplify it for magnetic dipole oscillation, in neutrino field
generated by the electric and magnetic fields as shown in figure 5.1, in high frequency low magnetic field, the
electric dipole part of the neutrino will be formed orientation polarization photons, namely a hormone called N
u

were gamma N

1. Be directional polarization of photons in the original direction of rail current shown in


figure 5.2. Obviously, this is the polarization within the photonic form of electric dipole moment directional
arrangement should be completely with electromagnetic vibration source of power lines coincide, see figure 5.1,
but just the opposite directions.

Figure 5.2 is polarized directional arrangement of neutrino internal displacement current Ii formation schematic
diagram ""on behalf of the electric dipole moment

Figure 5.3 is the polarization direction of the photons in the exciting field of you moving force analysis of the
current
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By polarization direction of the photon along the original track movement direction displacement
current generated, the exciting field forming principle is shown in figure 5.3. Since the displacement current in
the exciting field under the action of the Lorentz magnetic force just pointing in the direction of photon
precession.
As in the Z axis 0-1 the photon wave, into orbit, the displacement current I
1
produce a section of the
magnetic field; When photons run to 1-2 rail section, the I
2
displacement current in section b magnetic force
under the action of the precession v
j
direction advance; I
3
displacement current then generate c section of the
magnetic field; ...... Similar recurrence is forming the photon, movement, the transmission of electromagnetic
wave.
To sum up, part of the neutrinos were polarized orientation to keep the original orbit fluctuation, the
formation of the precession movement, photons, the electric dipole moment of the directional arrangement of
McNamara power lines and displacement current in the equations, the displacement current itself and induction
magnetic field. So, electric and magnetic field perpendicular oscillations are caused by the electromagnetic
induction electromagnetic inherent apparent physical characteristics, partly by the polarization direction of
neutrino photons to keep the original of the speed of light c and movement direction longitudinal also with the
speed of light c precession is microscopic nature of electromagnetic wave propagation in the form of waves.
Photon wave particle duality of also can see from this chapter and in figure 2.4 the essence: when
electromagnetic vibration source frequency f
1
less than
2
c m
v
/h=8.53264426210
10
/s, electromagnetic energy
is less than the average energy neutrino field of single neutrino
2
c m
v
, it only has to polarization neutrino field
medium all the neutrino, in neutrino field in the form of electromagnetic wave propagation in the medium;
When frequency f
2
> f
1
, is enough to completely polarization single neutrinos, making it the fluctuation, and
went into orbit of cylindrical spiral line. Internal electric dipole of photon rotation radius K
r
o
R , see table 2.2, it
belongs to the particles; Type of photon wave, in the piano rail surface figure 1.2 and figure 2.4, it also has the
volatility. In a word, no matter how big the frequency, high energy, such as x rays and rays wave particle
duality nature will not be changed.
5.3 Michael was measured by optical methods is not the Cause of the earth's absolute motion.
As for Michelson and posterity many times by optical methods determine the absolute velocity v is
the cause of the failure: the neutrino field should be still in the universe; Including the light source, optical
interferometer all transmission and reflection in the lens in front of the neutrino field is completely transparent,
see figure 5.4; S, T, M
1
, M
2
, M between five points on the optical measurement of the relative motion of the
neutrino field velocity v are offset each other, so that M
1
M and M
2
M two optical path length with earth or the
size of the instrument and the absolute velocity v and change, there is no optical path difference, naturally don't
measure the interference fringes. Light invariance principle is fundamental to the special theory of relativity,
based on the physical model and shall be proved in theory.
2
0
) ( 1 c v m m = ... ... Such as energy
relativity between not only confirmed by all previous experiments, and confirmed by all calculating examples in
this book, therefore, the above content and space-time relativity is still not meeting conflict.
According to the measured results in physics and in the Milky Way, and the universe space
background, the microwave radiation energy density is 0.3ev

/cm
3
. Is equivalent to (5.1) type of 860/cm
3

microwave can quantum calculation. Front has been proved: electromagnetic wave is to rely on the spread of
neutrino field. In the macroscopic field, neutrino is evenly distributed, omnipresent, so charged particles along
the rail as a circle, because of the radial acceleration occur naturally swing electromagnetic energy radiation.
But in the micro field, per cubic an (A)
3
and microwave son density only 8.610
-22
, therefore, homogeneous
and continuous swing electromagnetic energy radiation can't produce. High-power microwave ithream, they can
only on a single particle state of direct collision, produced a random quantum particles, x-rays and gamma rays
photon energy form of electromagnetic radiation. Its energy is only elementary particles with different quantum
Numbers N
ai
interest, N
ai+1
along the fluctuation track transition between the energy of the poor. (see the back
part of nuclear physics and atomic physics).
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Figure 5.4 measure the absolute motion optical principle diagram
Comprehensive demonstration of this chapter, the space can be determined in the 2.73K bold
microwave background radiation is caused by neutrino electromagnetic field medium shocks. 2.73K is
background temperature in the space. Because the surface of the earth including all molecules, atoms as
materials of airtight container, before the neutrino field is "transparent". Neutrino velocity is the speed of light c.
The reader is not difficult to imagine, in the background of the temperature and open system, the medium
particles moving at the speed of light condition, local space temperature will drop to tend to 0.0K over the
difficulty of this have how old?

6 Protons, neutrons internal structure and Parameter calculation
6.1 Proton internal structure and parameter calculation
6.1.1 Proton internal structure
After decades of scientific experiment and test, have been proton internal structure and charge density
distribution images, see figure 6.1 and figure 6.2,

1; And accurately measured proton magnetic strength, quality,


shape size,
+
source distribution, etc. characteristics. However, the existing statistical theory of quantum
mechanics model, the theory of how to calculate the above parameters, image characteristics is helpless, and the
book is used to establish model and the relevant formula is but to these parameters, image features accurate
simulation and validation.

Figure 6.1 proton kernel cores and
+
source distribution

Figure 6.2 proton internal charge density distribution diagrams

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According to figure 6.1 and figure 6.2 inference, proton m
p
only by core m
1
and
+
meson
2 t
m of two
elementary particles, the law of conservation of energy:
m
p
= m
1
+
2 t
m

6.1
Because core is a neutral elementary particles, the proton internal only to circumferential wave orbital motion,
both N
a1
v
a1
/c1v
1
0, therefore, by (1.2-1) type,
1 1
1
2
o
o
t v m
h
R = , external display only quality
characteristics. Proton most parameters by
+
meson orbital motion. We can by (1.6), (4.9), (6.1), with
different N
a2
value and the related formula simulation proton internal structure parameters and related image
features, trend compared again after revision AA and Na2 value gradually. Apparently, as long as physical
model is correct, there will be a group of
2 t
m , and the value of N
a2
calculated all the structural parameters,
determination of image features and experimental results perfectly!
6.1.2 Proton internal structure parameters are calculated
Make N
a2
for simpler scores or natural number, and the type (4.9) for AA beta 2. Make AA for a
estimate value, value m
1
generation (6.1) in type. Will
2
, and N
a2
value generation into (1.6), to
2

2 t
m and N
a2

to find
+
meson orbit parameters of R
o2
. Protons in the distribution of the "
+
meson cloud" inside and outside
the radius of R
2(0)
, R
2()
, density and charge density distribution images, magnetic moment, all with R
02

reflected the orbit of related parameters. By (1.3) elliptical orbit equations "
+
meson cloud" the distribution of
the internal and external radius is:

=
+
=
=
+
=
) 2 2 . 6 ( ) (
cos
) 1 2 . 6 ( ) 0 (
cos
2
2 02
) ( 2
2
2 02
) 0 ( 2
t o
o
o
o
o
o u
t u
o
o u
u
N
N R
R
N
N R
R

By classical electrodynamics definition of magnetic moment, from elementary particles in figure 1.1
fluctuations, spin quantization stationary vertical double elliptical orbit can be seen in the model:
+
mesons in
wave direction of magnetic vector along the circumference of the
2
0
2 2
u
R Y X = + tangent, closed in internal
and external not display; The spin direction of magnetic pointing in the direction of the Z axis, the magnetic
moment of laboratory testing is U
p
this value. By (1.2 5), (1.4-2) type,
+
violation at the direction of the spin
track length for L
2
, surrounded by the area of the S
2
, spin magnetic moment value U
p
respectively:
}

=
+
=
2 2
0
2
2 02
2
2 02
2 2
1
2
cos
o t
o
o u
o
o u
o u
t
u
o
N
N
N R
d
N
N R
N L
6.3
}
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
2 2
0
2
2
2 02 2
2
cos 2
o t
o
o u o
u
u
o
N
d
N
N R N
S
6.4
( )
u
o t
|
o
o o u
o t
u
u u
d
N
N N cR e
L
S ev
U
N
p 2
2
2 2 02 2
2 2
0
2
2 2
cos 4
1
+

= =
}
6.5
Make to have
+
muon fluctuations, spin quantization stationary vertical double for L, the total length of
elliptical orbit by equations (1.3) and (1.5), to:
( ) ( )
}

+
= + =
1
2
2
2
2
2 02 2
2
2
2
o
o o u
u o
t
u o
N
N N R
d R d R L
6.6
Because of fluctuation, the spin velocity is constant, so live
+
meson along the line density of charge
of the orbit =e/L is also constant. To track moving charge of electrostatic field energy and charge along the
radius of
e
R spherical shells on the uniform distribution of electrostatic field, the energy equivalent to:
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}
=
e e
R
e
dl
L R
e
0
2
0
2
8 8 tc tc
6.7
Among them, the
2
2
02
2
2
2 02
cos
sin
cos
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
o
o
o
o
u
o
o u
N
R
N
N R
R
e
generation into (6.7), to:
1
2 2
0
2
2
2 02
2
2
sin 2
1

|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
}
o t
o o u
o
o
u
u t
N
e
d
N N R
N
N R
6.8
Different
2 t
m ,
i
, N
a2
value and in turn into the type of, calculated the parameters of the proton in table 6.1. The
orbit of image features is shown in figure 6.3. Including N
a2
=22/9
2 t
m =7.790899810
-28
Kg of this group of
data calculation of R
2(0)
, R
2()
, U
p
,
e
R , four data and figure 6.1 and figure 6.1 features perfectly.
Table 6.1 proton internal parameters simulation results

Figure 6.3 protons inside
+
mesons, core movement orbit in XOY projection in the plane of the figure
6.2 Neutron internal structure and parameter calculation
6.2.1 Neutron internal structure
Experimental determination of the neutron quality, strength, and the size of the form, the latter is the
neutron internal charge density distribution, see figure 6.4. Neutron decay into protons will launch an electronic
and a neutrino. Thus we can corollary: neutron core than protons core only one is charged particles and the
quality is also set to m
1
; Outside for a negatively charged the
-
both
2 t
m . When it decays into protons, core
wills surplus is charged particles emitted.
-
Both absorption split after launch a load of charged particles, their
Analog value N
a2
=2 N
a2
=12/5 N
a2
=22/9 N
a2
= 5/2 N
a2
=3
Parameters and
Formula of Numbers
2 t
m 10
-28
Kg
8.469599 7.841325 7.7908998 7.731656 7.334889

2
(4.9) 0.99908825 0.99901523 0.99900886 0.9990013 0.99894727
m
1
10
-28
Kg (6.1)
R
a1
10
-15
m (1.2-1)
8.256632
0.426042
8.884906
0.3959159
8.9353312
0.393682
8.994575
0.391089
9.391342
0.3745658
R
02
10
-15
m (1.6) 0.4157087 0.5313226 0.54318688 0.5577799 0.6789452
R
2(0)
10
-15
m (6.2-1) 0.243517 0.322895 0.331292 0.341682 0.430434
R
2()
10
-15
m (6.2-2) 1.419318 1.498783 1.507187 1.517585 1.606401
Up10
-26
J/ T (6.5) 1.4106174 1.4106174 1.4106171 1.4106165 1.4106172
e
R 10
-15
m (6.8)
0.652291 0.760395 0.771296 0.784670 0.894698
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split failure become positively charged of
-
violation. Load charged particles absorption environment field
formed high-energy neutrinos electronic neutrinos. Because the law of conservation of momentum, absorb a
neutrino and launch a neutrino is equivalent. So, according to proton internal structure, related formula and
parameters of the numerical simulation method, we can also make neutron internal structure calculation
formula:
m
n
=m
1
+
2 t
m 6. 9
Internal charge density distribution from the neutron can see 6.4: outward from the center has positive
and negative, positive and negative four layer charge density distribution interval, they should be made with the
positive and negative two of the fundamental particles along the integrated embodiment of wave, the movement
of the spin track; Neutron the magnetic moment of the U
n
should also be two basic particle magnetic U
1
, U
2

vector and; So:
1
1
4 m
eh
U
t
=

6.10
( )
}
+

=
2 2
0
2
2
2 2 02 2
2
cos 4
1 o t
o
o o u
u
o t
| N
d
N
N N cR e
U
6.11
2 1
U U U
n
+ = 6.12
6.2.2 Neutron internal structure parameters are calculated
Neutron internal structure parameters of the simulation results are shown in table 6.2. Because of the
positive and negative charged the basic particle of the electric and magnetic field force interaction, m
1

fluctuations orbit will set the
2 t
m center orbit as eccentric and random stacking, see figure 6.5. Will N
a2
=
12/5, 22/9, 5/2 three groups of R
2(0)
, R
2()
, R
a1
, U
n
data and comparison of experimental results in figure 6.4,
taking into account the derivative of protons, neutrons, obviously, N
a2
= 22/9 of the data is consistent. Figure 6.5
the neutron internal structure is draw by this group of data.
Table 6.2 neutrons internal structure parameters of the simulation results
Please note that the charged particle internal excess charged particles are distributed in the inside of
the spin track, electric dipole rotation speed and direction of magnetic and charge density distribution of the
calculated value is weak, the influence of this book is no longer continue to analysis and correction calculation.
To core m
1
for charged particles, quantum fluctuations number N
1
to infinite, problems of the stability of
Analog value N
a2
=2 N
a2
=12/5 N
a2
=22/9 N
a2
= 5/2 N
a2
=3
Parameters
and Formula
of Numbers
2 t
m 10
-28
Kg
6.632975 6.247308 6.215628 6.178265 5.924168

2
(4.9) 0.99908825 0.99901523 0.99900886 0.9990013 0.99894727
m
1
10
- 28
Kg
(6.1)
10.116311 10.501978 10.533658 10.571021 10.825118
R
20
10
-15
m
(1.6)
0.530816

0.666891

0.680851

0.698022

0.840622

R
2(0)
10
-15
m
(6.2-1)
0.310945

0.405282

0.415254

0.427590

0.532933

R
2()
10
-15
m
(6.2-2)
1.812317 1.881201 1.889164 1.899149 1.988934
R
a1
10
-15
m
(1.2-1)
0.348172

0.335386

0.334377

0.333195

0.325374

Un10
- 26
J/ T
(6.12)
-0.9661143 -0.9661144 -0.9661136 -0.9661136 -0.9661143
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charged particles, and to be supplemented as follows: core positively charged,
-
certainly, negatively charged
under the electric field force interaction, m
1
is still the core Z axial swing speed, satisfy the speed vc is no
problem.
Behind this chapter and nucleus internal structure and parameter calculation,

quality
2 t
m mesons are using
simulation quality, rather than by energy relativity formula:
2
2
2
20
2
1
o
t
t
|
N
m
m

(6.13)

Figure 6.4 neutron internal charge density profiles

1

Figure 6.5 neutrons internal electrically charged particles in orbit XOY projection in the plane of the drawing
It should be from

mesons existence environment of "state".

mesons in different environment, can
stable exists, must have the energy to adapt to the environment. The energy in this book are the general law of
conservation of energy and environment (1.2) ~ (1.6) elementary particles wave equations, the spin track and
derivative formula simulation is obtained.
6.3 Protons, neutrons internal "quark" illusion and other Baryonic internal structure analysis
6.3.1. Protons, neutrons internal "quark" illusion
Simulation results show that this chapter protons and neutrons are only by core and

source these
two fundamental particles. In the experiment, then, why can detect inside protons and neutrons are three hard
particles, is the so-called mixed number charge "quark", but has been unable to be separated? Reason lies in the
fundamental particles along the orbit to different position with different quality, the spatial distribution of two
elementary particles position changes caused by each other.
In the case of neutrons, see figure 6.5. Basic core as a positively charged particle, the fluctuation and random
motion range, the quality did not change; the distribution area is in the middle of the neutron on the inside of the
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shell. By experimental detection will be their basic as a positively charged particle u "quark" is granted. Another
stupid
-
mesons are different, the fluctuation, the spin orbit, the neutron only about one quarter of the medial,
lateral of energy (protons in
+
meson so); Plus the interval with a core of positively charged particles; In the
detection of it is easy to put the
-
both for inside and outside two negatively charged particles of d "quark"; This
just leads to nearly 50 years of "quark" illusion.
6.3.2 Other baryonic internal structure analysis
To other of all the baryons, according to the electric properties and can be divided into three
categories: with a positive charge, with a unit negative and neutral baryonic. The average life expectancy is less
than 10
-9
seconds. The existing scientific experiments, the test means, to accurately measured as protons,
neutrons its internal structure, charge density distribution and magnetic parameters such as size, shape is very
difficult, also does not have the necessary
We will that baryonic general quality, magnetic data after compared with the protons and neutrons is
not difficult to found that they are slightly larger than protons, neutrons, and the quality of the magnetic strength
is slightly smaller than protons, neutrons; Decay of the final product is protons, electrons and photons or
neutrinos. According to chapter 2, 3, and this chapter expounds the basic particle of internal structure, energy
forming principle, the internal each charged particles themselves and each other force analysis and the stability
principle of protons, neutrons and internal structure parameters of the simulation results; We can corollary: of all
the baryons are composed of core and mesons, charged the baryonic core is a neutral elementary particles,
periphery is charged source, its internal structure and proton similar; Electrically neutral baryonic core zone of a
unit charge, peripheral vision is a belt, violation of the charge, its internal structure is similar to neutrons; Core
and mesons are made by n of electric dipole (and a charged particle) composed of protons, neutrons and the
difference only lies in the more electric dipole. Can been deduced from all other baryonic life of much smaller
than neutrons and protons. Because they are the average life expectancy is short, only as a kind of
electromagnetic energy transition state of the ball, no need to further study.

7 Nucleus structure model, the nuclear force, Magnetic forming principle
7.1 Nucleus structure model, the nuclear force Forming principle
7.1.1 Nucleus structure model
The nucleus is made up of protons, neutrons. The author has been proved in the previous particle
physics: protons and neutrons consist of core and

, these two kinds of fundamental particles by n of electric


dipole (and a charged particle). To system research, precise nucleus internal structure, shape, size, charge
distribution characteristics, nuclear force forming principle, the magnetic moment change rule, nuclear energy,
split decay characteristics, X-ray, the relationship between ray energy and likely to change. According to
establish the basic particle of fluctuations in particle physics, and spin quantization stationary vertical double
elliptical orbit model; Electrically neutral basic particles and charged particles in the differences of the wave
velocity, the former, =1-10
-9
, the latter when N
a
34/13, by (4.9), to: 0.9987108301 0.9989866946.
Obviously, fluctuation, the spin velocity of different particles cannot be run in the same way. We must adopt
new ideas, according to the scientific community has the total energy of the nuclide of thousands of atoms and
the related parameters, the protons and neutrons all "decentralized" into a charged particle, and all of the above
characteristics of the assembly with the experiments, the parameters of the nucleus. This is also for the building
up of the orbit of particle physics theory of quantum physics model of comprehensive and strict inspection.
When we'll all be "decentralized" into protons and neutrons charged after elementary particles,
nucleus was apparently by the large number of charged particles. Each charged elementary particles has
fluctuations, spin quantization stationary vertical double elliptical orbit. We can make a moderate amount of
interest, original fluctuations energy m
i
, quantum number N
ai
the same fundamental particles uniform
distribution on the same wave line, the spin track, composed of particles spiral ring. According to the energy and
space combination relationship into high-energy particles spiral loop and low-energy particles spiral loop.
Low-energy particles spiral ring net with negatively charged of fundamental particles, the average energy and
the quantum fluctuations of
di
m , N
adi
, N
adi
said; High-energy particles spiral ring net with the basic particles of
positively charged, their average energy and the quantum fluctuations of
gi
m , N
agi
said.
Will more energy, and quantum fluctuations in exactly the same number of low-energy particles spiral
ring side by side, make its fluctuation, spin tangent track, share on both sides. Because orbit of each charged
elementary particles on the intersect ting fluctuation, the movement of the spin direction, speed is the same,
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spacing stagger, tangent as the radius of the same two wheels turning, composed of low-energy particles spiral
ring. Total number of nuclear different nucleus skeleton by 1 ~ 5 layers the low-energy particles spiral ring, see
figure 7.1 and figure 7.2. Finally make high-energy particles spiral ring also according to the energy, the number
of quantum fluctuations difference is divided into five layers. Each layer of high-energy particles spiral ring
respectively to into economical corresponding low-energy particles spiral ring wave orbital medial. So we
need part of the nucleus internal structure model. According to the first layer of low-energy particles spiral ring
arrangement number is odd or even, divided into A, B two types of atomic nuclei. Their electric field within the
energy equation, nuclear electricity, magnetic interactions calculation method, the relevant formulas are slightly
different.

Figure 7.1 type A nucleus high internal, low-energy particles spiral rings
See from figure 7.1 and figure 7.2, the first layer low-energy particles spiral loop combination model
with 2 ~ 5 layers. The author has used the same solution with 2 ~ 5 layers nucleus "assembly", but in the end of
the quality of medium to heavy nuclei energy calculation results are too big. However, for the total number of
nuclear less than 56 of
e
F
56
26
light nuclei, can consider to use. In chapter 12 12.4 and section 12.5 of the total
number of nuclear less than 56 light nuclei supplement parameter calculation of
e
F
56
26
.

Figure 7.2 type B nucleus high internal, low-energy particles spiral rings
7.1.2 Nuclear force forming principle
By (3.23) ~ (3.26) and table 2.2 and table 3.1 has proven: as long as the radius of the charged particles
entity R

fluctuations and the ratio of radius of


o
R 1.49910
-13
K
r
8.010
-15
, charged particles along the
wave motion in orbit, its comprehensive electric and magnetic field force along the fluctuations orbit radius to
the inside of the track, the strength is the centrifugal force of multiple astronomy! Similarly, by (3.18), (3.19),
has proven: charged elementary particles along the fluctuation orbit, except in the a = 90, 270 and the nearby,
integrated electric and magnetic field force is along the orbit radius fluctuation R
a
pointing to the outside, but it
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is greater than all the formation of charged particles much smaller comprehensive electric and magnetic field
force. In a = 90, 270 and the nearby, although at this time the charged particle comprehensive electric and
magnetic field force tends to zero, but formed by charged particles of electric and magnetic field force still
exists, to wave the inside of the track, and still is a multiple wave direction form centrifugal force of astronomy!
And each charged particles comprehensive electric and magnetic field strength, see figure 3.4, (3.29), have been
up and down, left and right sides opposite sex charged particles attract effect of the electric field force, will
adjust tensile deformation degree, so can properly constraints fundamental particles along the fluctuation, the
spin track movement.
When charged particle spin track inside there are other heterosexual charged elementary particles, with a net
charge for N
e
, by coulomb's law, the electric field strength F
e
for:
2
2
0
2
1 4
|
.
|

\
|

=
c
v
R
e N
F
e
e
u
u
u
tc
7.1
Make to charged particles electric and magnetic field comprehensive force is F
eb
, it greater than the sum of
F
n
and F
e
electric field force and centrifugal force. Simultaneous (7.1), (3.25) and (3.26), to:
( ) ( ) | |
( ) ( )
0
2
1
1 1
1
1 1
1
4
1 1 1 2
4
2
0
2
2 2 2 2
2
2 2
2
0
2
>>

(
(

+
+
- -
-
-
e
c h
N N
N
K K
K
K n
R
e
e
r r
r
r
c
|
|
| |
|
tc
o o
o
7.2
Calculated according to (3.29) type data, the

mesons, electric dipole for n=2, set N
a
=50K
r
=8.010
-15

N
e
=50, by (4.9), to: =0.9987237786, generation into (7.2), to:
( ) 0 8611 . 136 010126 . 1 10 093858 . 3
4
15
2
0
2
>>
o
tc R
e

If make N
a
= 500, generation of (4.9) in type, too: =0.9987121191. To N
e
= 200, (the nucleus of human has
found charge number less than 120), and other parameters are the same, and in (7.2), to:
( ) 0 8595 . 136 4003996 . 0 10 076858 . 3
4
15
2
0
2
>>
o
tc R
e

From the calculation results, table 3.1, is that charged particles inside and outside surface
comprehensive electric and magnetic field force F
eb
both far outweigh the charged particle inside and outside
surface comprehensive electric and magnetic field force; Far greater than the spin track inside net with charge
caused by the electric field force F
e
and centrifugal force F
n
; So, each particle within the nucleus spiral ring
along the radius of the spin direction of electric field force, centrifugal force all don't need to consider. As long
as the nucleus center electric and magnetic field strength of each particle spiral ring in the spin track of axial
component is enough.
Equation in (2.10) charged particle energy and N
a
, , K
r
, correlation parameters such as when we
found that charged elementary particle in the clean with charged particles are distributed in the inner side of the
spin track. By figure 7.1 and figure 7.2 shows: the inner and outer low-energy particles spiral ring wave, the spin
track although get very close, but never allow the tangent or overlap, or the inside and outside layer of
elementary particles will collide. High economical, low-energy particles spiral ring on the inside of the spin
track although fluctuations, the movement of the spin direction is same, but different speed; Rail adjacent side
are net left are charged particles, because charged particles of electrostatic field force rejection, so orbit will not
tangent, overlapping or cause collision "rear"; And low-energy particles spiral ring of high-energy particles
spiral wave orbital medial part of just the spin axis space limit.
Because K
r
value for 10
-4
~ 10
-5
orders of magnitude, so in low economical particles spiral ring wave
and spin the lateral orbital non-oil imports, the net load charged particles along the left orbit will form strong
directional current attraction of ampere force. Chapter 10, 11 behind the analysis of the calculation results show
that: the interaction of ampere force distance is short, have overcome the dual role of compression and tension at
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the same time, can effectively balance conditions within the nucleus electric field force in all the particles spiral
ring the spin axis of the component, the power is nuclear force.
7.2 Nuclear magnetic forming principle
7.2.1 Nuclear magnetic forming principle
According to the experimental results: nuclear within the nucleus and excess charge is almost density
distribution, such as edge are diffuse layer, see figure 7.3. Overall energy is proportional to the number of
nuclear A nucleus, nucleus charge distribution within the radius of that are: R
e
=1.21.5A
1/3
10
-15
m
Nuclear force action radius is slightly greater than nuclear power charge distribution radius, equivalent to a
nucleus wrapped in a layer of "neutron skin". The variation of the magnetic moment is: when protons and
neutrons are even, with magnetic moment is zero.
Comprehensive the above data, image characteristics, through a variety of models, methods,
parameters of the simulation comparison after safely draw the conclusion that we must will be positively
charged protons "decentralized" into two of the fundamental particles, a negatively charged of fundamental
particles; Neutron "decentralized" into four with positive and negative of two elementary particles; All charged
elementary particles consists of two pairs of electric dipole and a charged particles, which are all charged


violation. So that will make all the nucleus of the internal structure, composition thoroughly "democracy".
Economical electric dipole in the starting rotation Angle position parameter a
0
and the corresponding relation of
the K
r
also exactly the same. Derived: the core of each a proton, must be from 6 to electric dipole. To a single
proton, "decentralized" redundant after an electric dipole to neutrino field release; Single neutron
"decentralized", sent a electric dipole can be absorbed from the neutrino field added. Protons and neutrons
"decentralized" in pairs, of course, just maintain constant total electric dipole.

7.3 charge density distribution in nuclei (C for power unit coulomb)
In the case of a particle, two pairs of protons, neutrons were "decentralized" into eight
+
mesons,
with "", said six
-
violation, in "" said. Of neutrons, and make a PI to

mesons in high orbit, the other


three

mesons in low orbit; On the proton, make two

mesons in high orbit, another

violation into low
orbit. We make high orbit of

meson energy is nearly two times of low orbit, accurate values obtained by the
simulation calculation in chapter 8, 9. Each proton, neutrons "decentralized" all the

mesons in high and low
orbit can have only four distribution state, as shown in figure 7.4. We by a, b, c, d said the four distribution state.
More protons and neutrons in the different combinations of these four states up to different high and low spiral
ring particles.

Figure 7.4 protons, neutrons "decentralized"

source in the distribution of high and low orbit
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By the magnetic moment of a nucleus in synthetic principle is derived: when by even protons,
neutrons "decentralized" all the

violation of a pair of high and low particles spiral ring, its high orbit of excess

+
violation number should be 2 times the number of protons, low orbit excess
-
violation number is equal to
the number of protons. Such as a
++
particles, when it takes a and b, 2d distribution state combination, as shown
in figure 7.5. So, when is high, low

meson spin movement direction, as long as high-energy



both energy


low-energy

mesons are 2 times of
1 g
m , and the
1 d
m quantum number

N
ag1
= N
ad1
, by (6.5), the total
magnetic is 0.

Figure 7.5 a
++
particles within 14

mesons in high and low orbit the distribution of the portfolio
Similarly, as long as even protons, neutrons "decentralized" all the

violation according to the above the same


layer of the same amount of order into quantum fluctuations, low-energy particles spiral orbit, its high orbit net
with
+
meson a total of 2P
i
, low orbit net with
-
both for the P
i
, total (P
i
for this layer, low-energy particle
spiral ring on the total number of protons). Such as
12
6
C carbon nuclei, see figure 7.6. We also can make each
pair of high and low particles spiral rings of the net with

violation and nucleus axis X axis distribution is
symmetrical. This is the nucleus kernel interaction balance necessary for the electric field force, and the results
also can make the magnetic moment of 0.

Figure 7.6
12
6
C carbon two within the nucleus on high side by side, low-energy particles spiral rings

source
distribution combination
To sum up, all the even nucleus composed of protons, neutrons, and as long as the number of nuclear
enough, we can divide total number of protons, neutrons into 1~5, each composed of even protons, neutrons.
Each of protons, neutrons Pi to all the "decentralized"

violation according to the above rules into the
corresponding layer N
agi
, N
adi
's discretion can particles spiral ring rail inside, each corresponding layers of
high-energy orbit of the net with
+
meson for 2P
i
, low orbit net with
-
both for P
i
.
By (1.6), (6.3) ~ (6.5), the inside of the proton magnetic moment by
+
mesons are formed in the spin track
motion, therefore, within the nucleus of each net of

violation, the magnetic moment equations are should be:


( )
( )
}
+

o t
o t
o o
t
u
o t
N
d
N m
h N eN
U
2
0
2
2
cos 8
1
7.3
Except 1 layer, low-energy particle spiral loop N
ag1
= N
ad1
,
1 g
m =2
1 d
m , 2, 3, 4, 5 layers, high, low particles
spiral ring of N
agi
, N
adi
,
gi
m ,
di
m values, are all through the simulation after find out, in chapter 8, 9.
7.2.2 Magnetic moment synthesis theory within the nucleus
When protons and neutrons in the nucleus is different for the even, to deduct with the even number of
protons, neutrons, and the rest of the protons and neutrons there will be an odd number of protons, neutrons; An
odd number of protons, even neutrons; Even protons, an odd number of neutrons three combinations. According
to each combination "decentralized" all the

mesons in high and low orbit, the distribution of the nucleus of


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the magnetic moment can have a variety of state. Each state combination of high and low

violation can
respectively into the different layers of high and low particles spiral ring rail, will produce different magnetic
strength. Obviously, the nucleus is the magnetic moment of each layer, high, low particles spiral ring rail of the
net with

formed by the violation of the algebraic sum of the magnetic moment. Are listed below:
1Protons and neutrons are an odd number 1ac bd State combination

2
1
2
1
2
1

= = =
+ +
+ + + =
i i i
di di gi gi
U U U U U 7.4-1
2ad State combination


=
+
=
+
+ + + =
3
1
3
1
0
i
di di
i
gi
U U U U 7.4-2
3bc State combination

=
+
=
+
+ + + =
di
i
di
i
gi gi
U U U U U
3
1
2
1
7.4-3
2Proton odd, neutron even
1abc bbd State combination

2
1
4
1
3
1
2
1

= = =
+
=
+
+ + + =
i i i
di di
i
gi gi
U U U U U 7.5-1
2abd aac State combination

3
1
3
1
4
1

= = =
+ +
+ + + =
i i i
di di gi gi
U U U U U 7.5-2
3aad State combination
0
4
1
2
1
5
1

= = =
+ +
+ + + =
i i i
di di gi
U U U U 7.5-3
4bbc State combination

3
1
5
1
2
1

= = =
+ +
+ + + =
i i i
di di gi gi
U U U U U 7.5-4
3Proton even, neutron odd
1acd bdd State combination

4
1
2
1
3
1

= = =
+ +
+ + + =
i i i
di di gi gi
U U U U U 7.6-1
2acc bcd State combination

3
1
3
1
2
1
2
1

= = =
+
=
+
+ + + =
i i i
di di
i
gi gi
U U U U U 7.6-2
3bcc State combination

2
1
3
1
4
1
g
= =

=
+ +
+ + =
i i
di
i
di i gi
U U U U U 7.6-3
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4add State combination
0
5
1
4
1

= =
+ +
+ + + =
i i
di di gi
U U U U 7.6-4
We can by the nucleus to the magnetic moment of the experimental value analysis, numerical
simulation with for even protons, neutrons "decentralized" of to the

mesons in each layer height, can track the
distribution state, and provide the basis for the calculation of parameters, such as nuclear energy.
8 Nucleus internal structures, the benchmark Parameters
t
m
original energy
8.1 Nucleus inner particles spiral loop quantum Fluctuations of N
a1

A particles spiral ring in the direction of the spin track the outside radius of R
()
, by (1.3-2), (1.6), to:
( ) 1 2 cos
2
0
) (

=
+
=
o
o o
o
o u
t u
| t o N c m
N N h
N
N R
R 8.1
(7.2) type of elementary particles in the spin direction has been proved through the analysis of
comprehensive force: elementary particles along the fluctuation, the spin track movement direction of the arrow
diameter automatic contraction trend. The original energy
1
m for value, the spin track lateral shall is minimum.
Its nucleus inner particles spiral ring spin quantum is to determine the number of prerequisites.
With different number of quantum fluctuations N
a1
generation into (4.9) is
1
value again after together into
(8.1), too: when 2.61602 N
a1
2.61589, if use a simple points instead of, is 21/8 N
a1
34/13, R
()
has a
minimum value. So, the nucleus, we take N
ag1
=N
ad1
=34/13, will it into (8.1) - the result of calculation is
N
ad1
=21/8 less value.
From section 7.1 and figure 7.1 and figure 7.2 and nucleus internal nuclear force forming principle, as
long as 1 layer adjacent side by side of low-energy particles spiral ring wave motion in opposite directions, (one
for clockwise wave motion, one for anti-clockwise wave motion); The spin direction; The high-energy particles
spiral ring rail lateral and low-energy particles spiral ring rail inside adjacent interchange space orbit each other
constraints and positive and negative electric field force, can overcome the high-energy particles spiral ring spin
movement of the axial electric field repelling force; And the force transmitted to low-energy particles spiral ring;
By low-energy particles spiral ring the spin axis orbit tangent place of ampere force to overcome.
8.2 Conditions within the nucleus meson spin direction electric energy equation
This book has shown in chapter 2: all the elementary particles original energy mainly is the
fluctuation of electricity, the direction of the magnetic field energy, as well as the spin direction of the electric
and magnetic energy. Conditions within the nucleus is made up of many protons, neutrons "decentralized"


violation. In order to facilitate the calculation, we will be the nucleus general electric and magnetic energy is
divided into two parts. 99.5 ~ 99.8% of them are all from

meson fluctuation, the spin direction of the electric


and magnetic field source energy. 1 layer within the nucleus particles spiral ring that low-energy particles spiral
rings in each

meson fluctuation, the spin direction original electric and magnetic field energy for
2
1
c m
d
,
high-energy particles spiral ring each

mesons in original energy for 2
2
1
c m
d
. The rest of the 0.2 ~ 0.5%
energy is high, low

violation in the spin direction of interaction between electric and magnetic energy. It
changes with different nuclear power by combination of the nucleus. Fluctuations in this way, we can use in
front of the elementary particles, spin quantization stationary vertical double elliptical orbit model and proved
the related formula, combined with the classical electrodynamics and energy relativity, to derive the total energy
equation of the nucleus.
Basic particles are charged by (1.6) - the original average energy
2
c m
i
, quantum fluctuations of N
ai
, and track
the relationship between the parameters of R
0
is given as:

c m
N h
R
i
| t
o
u
2
1
0

= 8.2
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By (6.3), particles spiral ring the spin direction of rail length L

for:
}

=
+
=
1
2
cos
0 0
o
o u
o
o u
u
t
u
o N
N R
d
N
N R
L 8.3
By figure 7.1 and 7.1 (1) type, particle spiral ring wave direction elliptical orbit of short axis R
ab
for:

1
0

=
o
u
o
N
R
R
b
8.4
By figure 8.1 shows, conditions within the nucleus of each ring particles spiral orbit

mesons, relative to the
radius of the nucleus center field R
eij
is given as:
( )
2 2
s i no
o o u i bi eij i eij
R R K R R + = Said the subscript
i
,
j
, columns, same as follows (8.5)

Figure 8.1 conditions within the nucleus electricity, magnetic energy equation calculation parameters
Electric field radius and divided into high-energy R
egij
, low-energy R
edij
. The position of the corresponding
coefficient the K
egij
, K
edij
said, see figure 8.1 and figure 7.1 and figure 7.2. Points A and B type nucleus structure
take corresponding natural number. R
egij
, R
edij
can specific expressed as:

|
|
.
|

\
|
+

+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=

|
|
.
|

\
|
+

+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
) 2 6 . 8 (
cos
sin
1 cos
) 1 6 . 8 (
cos
sin
1 cos
2
0
0
2
0
2
0 0
2
0
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
u
o
u
o
o u
o
u
o
u
o
o u
di
di
di
di edij
di
di di
edij
gi
gi
di
di egij
gi
gi gi
egij
N
R
N
R K
N
N R
R
N
R
N
R K
N
N R
R

By classical electrodynamics and (2.1), in order to spin energy relativistic velocities of each to

violation, the
potential can be given to:
}

=
u
o u
| tc
dl
N R L
e
V
e
e
2
0
1 4
8.7
Will (8. 3) into (8. 7), to:
( )
}
+

= u
| o t
tc
o o
o
d
N N R
N
e
V
e
e
2
0 1 cos 2
1
4
8.8
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We still will be divided into V
e
high-energy V
egij
and low-energy V
edij
two kinds. By figure 8.1 shows: varies
with the position of the particles spiral ring, they are different. Will (8.6-1), (8.6-2), respectively into (8.8), to:
( )
( )

(
(

+
+

(
(

+
+

=
}
}
) 2 9 . 8 (
1 sin
1
cos
8
1
) 1 9 . 8 (
1 sin
1
cos
8
1
2
2
0 0
2
2
2
0
0
0 0
2
u
|
o
o
c t
u
|
o
o
c t
o
o
o
o u
o
o
o u
o u
o u
o
d
N
N
N K
N R
N e
V
d
N
N R
N R K
N R
N e
V
di
di
di
di edij
di di
di
edij
gi
gi
di gi
gi di egij
gi gi
gi
egij

Obviously, within the nucleus of various high and low

meson spin direction of electric field energy


e
W ,
should be each high, low-energy particle spiral loop net with

violation in the spin direction interaction


between algebra and electric energy. (See the back calculating examples).
8.3 Conditions within the nucleus

meson spin direction Magnetic field energy equation
First of all, within the nucleus of each layer, low

violation, the high and low particles spiral loop


composed of the orbital motion of the model, as each layer in nucleus, low-energy charged particles spiral loop
combination of current solenoid layer.

violation in the movement of the spin of the magnetic field as a
classical electrodynamics of solenoid magnetic field. Because the conditions within the nucleus net with


meson spin direction magnetic field is far less than the total energy of nuclear energy. According to the
continuity of solenoid in the wind, and flux inside the solenoid and ends the basic remain unchanged, the
solenoid mutual inductance between the layers of the magnetic field characteristics, with solenoid in axis at
various points in the magnetic field strength instead of tube space center of the magnetic field strength.
Magnetic field intensity can be H
i
simplify calculation. With the spiral ring in net charge along with the spin
axis distribution density change has nothing to do.
By (8.3) type, electrodynamics, figure 8.2, the equivalent current I , radius of
I
R and magnetic field strength
of H is given as:

1
0

=
o
o u
N
N R
R
I
8.10
) cos (cos
2
2 1
o o + =
b
L
I
H
8.11
Will type (8.10) into (8.11), to:
2 2
4
b I
L R
I
H
+
= 8.12
When determined by each layer particles spiral ring wave rail lateral for each layer solenoid border, from figure
7.1 and figure 7.1, (8.4) - see: make K
bgij
, K
bdij
for length coefficient, take the corresponding natural number, its
length L
bgij
, L
bdij
should respectively:

=
) 2 13 . 8 (
1
) 1 13 . 8 (
1
2
1
) 2 (
0
0
0
di
di
bdij bdij
gi
gi
di
di
bdij bgij
N
R
K L
N
R
N
R
K L
o
u
o
u
o
u

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Figure 8.2 particles spiral ring layer in the magnetic energy calculation
When protons and neutrons are evens within the nucleus, (not as even when protons, neutrons
"decentralized"

mesons in addition). Because high-energy particles spiral ring in net with
+
violation number
2P
i
, twice the number of low-energy
-
mesons are, (P
i
for this layer, low-energy particle spiral rings of the total
number of protons), therefore, by (1.5), (8.3), high and low particles spiral loop of the current intensity I
gi
, I
di
,
respectively:

=
=
) 2 14 . 8 (
2
) 1 14 . 8 (
2
2
di Idi
di i
di
gi Igi
gi i
gi
N R
c e P
I
N R
c e P
I
o
o
t
|
t
|

Will respectively equations (8.14) into (8.12), to each layer, low-energy particle spiral ring layer in the magnetic
field strength, respectively:

|
.
|

\
|
=

+
|
.
|

\
|
=
) 2 15 . 8 (
) 4 (
2
) 1 15 . 8 (
) 4 (
2
2
2 2
2 2
bdi Idi di Idi
di i
di
bgi Igi gi Igi
gi i
gi
L R N R
P ec
H
L R N R
P
ec
H
o
o
|
t
|
t

Of each particle spiral ring layer in the magnetic energy W
bi
, magnetic field mutual inductance
between each layer should be considered. We can by the nuclear spin axis to calculate one by one. The outer to
the inner have mutual inductance, inner to outer mutual inductance calculation. By classical electrodynamics
principle, equations (8.13) ~ (8.15), the particles spiral ring of magnetic energy can be expressed as:

=
+ =
+ + + =
+ + + + + =
) 10 16 . 8 ( ) (
2
) 9 16 . 8 ( ) ( ) (
2
........ ........ ......... ........ .......
........ ........ ......... ........ .......
) 2 16 . 8 ( ) ( ) . .......... (
2
) 1 16 . 8 ( ) .......... (
2
5
2
5
2
5
2
5
0
5
5
2
4
2
5
2
5 5
0
5
1
2
1
2
1
2
5 5 2 1
0
1
1
2
1
2
5 5 2 2 1 1
0
1
j bd Ig Id d bd
j bg Id Ig d g bg
j bd Ig Id d g g d bd
j bg Ig d g d g d g bg
L R R H
u
W
L R R H H
u
W
L R R H H H H
u
W
L R H H H H H H
u
W
t
t
t
t

8.4 Basic quality
md1
parameters within the nucleus
In the distribution of elements of the universe,
1
1
H,
4
2
H
e
,
12
6
C,
56
26
F
e
maintenance... Etc is the
stability of the common elements. But, two He
4
2
nucleus to form stable
e
B
8
4
nucleus, consists of two Li
6
3

nucleus can stable C
12
6
nucleus, and nuclear number is a multiple of 4. Protons and neutrons are even,
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magnetic moment is zero. Don't like He
6
2
nuclei have unusual magnetic moment. That C
12
6
nucleus nuclear
number, proton number should be at least, meet the requirements of chapter 7 nucleus structure model, the
energy equation, the most simple of the atomic nuclei. It can be used as a nucleus the basis for the calculation of
1 d
m ,
1 g
m , benchmark model parameters.
We have C
12
6
nucleus only by two pairs of high and low particles spiral ring side by side of the
simplest type B nucleus, see figure 7.2. Laboratory determination of the carbon atom energy is 12u. Because
electronic itself along the spin track motion of kinetic energy, the nuclei under the action of electric field force
still has certain coulomb electrostatic field energy, so the quality of the nucleus for atomic mass minus all
electronic rest mass plus all the ionization energy of

A
ei
W .
By figure 7.2 and figure 7.6, C
12
6
conditions within the nucleus high-energy particles spiral ring net
with
g
+
mesons in a total of 12, its own electric field energy should be ( )
11
2

2
12
eg
eV ; Two side by side of
low-energy particles spiral rings net with
d
-
both for six, and both sides symmetrical distribution, its own
electric field energy should be ( )
11
2

2
6
ed
eV ;
d
-
both with internal high-energy
g
+
violation the interaction of
electric field energy for
11
12 6
ed
eV ; So, high carbon nuclei in C
12
6
, low-energy particles spiral ring in
excess
g
+
,
d
-
meson spin direction interaction should be total energy of the electric field:
e V V V W
ed ed eg e
) 72 18 72 (
11 11 11
+ = 8.17
Similarly, in C
12
6
nuclear spin direction of the magnetic field energy calculation, K
bd11
= 4, in equations (8.13),
(8.15) equations in P
i
= 6, magnetic field total energy is:
11 11 bd bg b
W W W + = 8.18
By figure 7.6, C
12
6
conditions within the nucleus in total by 18 high-energy
g

mesons, 24 low-energy
d

violation, and
1 1
2
d g
m m = , so, C
12
6
conditions within the nucleus of low-energy
d

both average
benchmark energy
1 d
m should be:
2 18 24
)
6 12
2
6
1
2
0
1
+
+

A
+
=

=
c
W W
c
W
m u
m
b e
i
ei
e
d

(8.19)
1 d
m Parameters specific simulation program are as follows:
1. By (8.1), the determination of the N
a1
=N
ag1
=N
ad1
=34/13, generation into (4.9), to:
1
=0.9989866946.
2. Estimate
1 d
m initial value, section 8.2 has been mentioned in the beginning, high in nucleus, low-energy
particles spiral ring net with

mesons in spin direction, each other can only nucleus of the electric and
magnetic field between 0.2~0.5% of the total energy, we will take 0.3%. Measured by the laboratory carbon
atoms within 6 electronics total ionization energy

= A ev W
ei
08 . 1030 . Will all these parameters into
(8.19), is
1 d
m initial value for 3.310209258 x 10-28 kg.
3. The
1
, N
ag1
, N
ad1
,
1 d
m ,
1 g
m and initial value generation into (8.2), calculate R
0g1
, R
0d1
.
4. By figure 7.2 and figure 8.1, (8.9), (8.13) equation coefficient of the position: K
eg11
= K
ed11
= 1 K
bd11
=
4
5. The R
0g1
, R
0d1
, N
ag1
, N
ad1
value generation into (8.10), respectively is
1 Ig
R ,
1 Id
R , value.
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6. Will N
ag1
, N
ad1
,
1
, R
0g1
, R
0d1
, K
eg11
,equivalent generation into the equations (8.9), respectively is:
V
eg11
=1251884.632v , V
ed11
=831741.7884v
7. Make K
bd11
= 4, will be N
ag1
, N
ad1
, R
0g1
, R
0d1
generation into the equations (8.13), respectively is L
bg11
, L
bd11

value.
8. Makes the number of protons P
1
= 6, the
1
, N
ag1
, N
ad1
,
1 Ig
R ,
1 Id
R , L
bg11
, L
bd11
value generation into the
equations (8.15), calculate the magnetic field strength H
g1
, H
d1
value.
9. Will H
g1
, H
d1
,
1 Ig
R ,
1 Id
R , L
bg11
, L
bd11
value generation in equations (8.16) first two type, calculate magnetic
energy W
bg1
=1.07136931110
-12
J, W
bd1
=1.68882413710
-13
J
10. Will V
eg11
, V
ed11
value generation into (8.17), calculate the total electric energy W
e
value.
11. Will W
e
, W
b
and

A
ei
W value generation into (8.19), is the transition is
1 d
m =3.30443400310
-28
Kg
12. Will transfer value
1 d
m =3.30443400310
-28
Kg instead of 3 calculation program of
1 d
m initial value, repeat
3~11 calculation procedure, until the
1 d
m =3.30446132710
-28
Kg for constant.
1 d
m = 3.304461327 x 10
-28
kg benchmark constant said: in the number of protons P
i
6 of the nucleus, proton
number = neutron number is even the first layer of particles spiral rings, the original low
d

meson energy is:
1 d
m =3.30446132710
-28
Kg .
Original high-energy
g

mesons are 2
1 d
m energies. Residual energy is high, low-energy particle spiral loop
net with

violation in the spin direction of interaction between electric and magnetic energy.