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A,,.D\[ANICED

LEARNER,S

Dictionarv J

Over 100 English words to improve the mind - taken from the world's

most trusted learner's dictionary.

A little introduction

This Little Book includes lots of words

and phrases that you will find usefirl and fun to learn.

On some page§ you will see references

to other entries in the Oxford Aduanced

LeArrler's Dictionary which we have not

been able to include here.

[f you would like to know more, why not take a look at the complete dictionary?

aca.demia,u,eke'di:mia/

altiíiclal antelligénce

(also&rmal ot humorow aca.demé

/'akadí:.m/)

noun|U} üe world of learning,

and the people

teaching, research,

etc. at miversities,

involved in it

áGa.dem.ic

.odj.

í

especially

return

high

/,aka' demIk/ ad,j,, noun

before

lusual]y

studying

noun] comected Wiü education,

in schools and universities: The students

thp start the neu atadmic ,er

ó

acadmit carur 2

[usually

reading and studying

tradpmic subjects/

a lot of reading

in october íor

/ lou mdemit standards o an

before nom] involving a lot of

rather than

qmliftcations

pmctical

3

good

and studying:

connected

or technicat skills:

at subjects involving

sh2 u6n't uer! rcad,emb and hated schnl. 4 not

to a real or practica] situation and üerfore

not importmt: It is a purelJ) aca,dzmic qupstion. ó The whole

thing's academic rcrue mn't uin anluar. >

/-kli/ adv.: You haue ta do WlI academbally to get into med,iral

aca.dem.ic.a1.1y

schnol,

lí

ffi

r noun a person who teaches and,/or does research at a univer§ity or college

acu.men ,/'pkjamon; a'l§u:man/ noun ílJl the ability to

understmd and judge things quickly and cleaily: busiws/

commerc ia l / íinant b l acurun

,all-'nighter

noz

n (AnxE, iníonnal) a time when you stay awake

all night studying

alumnl /a'lffiaI/ rcun

and female

h|.l

(6puiauy AnD the former male

students of a schml, college or university: ,Éloruard

Alumni A§ociation

ana.lt/t.ic.al (/,ena'Ltlkl/) (also

sth: drulytiml

ana.lyt,lc /,ana'lnsk/) adj.

1 using a logical method of thinking

understand it, especially by looking at aü the parts separately:

she h6 a clear d,nalytbal mind. § an amlytic approath to the

problem 2 using scientiíic malysis in order to find out about

ábout sth in order to

methads r6%rch ó analr)ti,cal chmistry

an.swer /'o:nsa(r),, An E'Ét/rcun

> ana.lt/t.lc,a1.1y /-k7í/ adD.

EE haw/knd^, all thé

'an$weE (iníonnal, often digpprou-

sü, especially when you

ing) to be coníident that you know

actually do not .Él€think h2 knows all the areuüs,

,artificlal

area

in'telligenc€

noun ívl @bbr Al)

of study concerned with making computers copy intelli-

<@mputira)

an

gent hman behaviow

§t!zJ3tJ

§@

tea

van

@

sh@ vi8ion chain

üOöD

jam

thin this sing

l

I

lffi#

I

l

assa!nIlate

as.simi.late /a'smalelt/ u?rö 'l [VN] to fully utlerstand an

idea or some information so that you ile able to use it yourself:

The committ@ uill nd

time tn 6simil,aí2 this report.

2 - Gb)

(into/to sth) to become, or allow sb to become, a part of a coun- try or coírmunity raüer than remaining in a separate group:

|vl Neu arriDals íind it hard tn assimilírte, and ma! not uish to.

ó

conrnunit!. 3 [VN] loften passive] - sth into/to

ívN} Inmigrants haue bun sumssJully

^§milated

into the

sth to make

m idea, a person's attitude, etc. fit into

These

> as€imi.la.tion

of reu ideas a hb Ásinibtian

bac.ca.laur.eate /,beko'lc:riat/

sth or be acceptable:

chaqes uüe graduall, xsimilated, into eDerydaJ, liíe.

/a,smro'le{n/

roiln íul: the rapid assimilation

into thp

politbal

conmunit,

noun

1 the last secondary

school exam in Frmce and other comtries, and in some inter-

national schools: to sit/túhe/pass/íail your batcalaumle 2

(in üe Us) a religious service or talk for students who have

completed high schoo] or college

be.hav.iour.ism (BrE) (AmE be.hav.loí.ism)

gl) / -jarusv noun

/bl'he$janzam/

(Br8)

üat a]l human behaviour is

learnt by adapting to outside conditions and üat letrning is

not iníluenced by thoughts and feelings > be.hav.lour.ist

(ÁmE be.hav.lori

noun IIli @srchology) the t}eory

black.board /'bleekba:d;

cia\\y |n AmE) nouu a large

green

ÁnJ -bJ:rdl (also chalk board espe- board with a smooü black or dark

surface üat teacheIs write on wiü a piece of chalk: ro

urite on the blackboord-compare

WHnEBoARD

blInd /blalnd/ adi., uerb, noun, adu.

lIEt the blind loading the 'blind a situation in which people

1

I

l lffi

l-",-,-

l

with ahnost no experience or knowledge

who a]so have no exírerience or knowledge

give advice to others

'boarding school noun a school where children can live

during the TEW,/sEMEsTER{omprc

DAY scHool,

book.ish rbüyJ:/ ad,j. (oftendisapproüing>

interested

in read.

ing and studying, raüer thm in more active or practical things

bul.sary /'b3:sori

Ang'b3:rs-/ mun (pr, _ies) (BrE) il amount

of money üat is given to sb so that üey can study usually at a

college or university m

scHoLAxsHrP,

cMM

Gertafi.cate rcun, Uerb

. mun /sa'ffiIkati AnE sar'tJ (abbr cért.) í an ofíicial document

t}at may be used to prove that üe facts it states are true:

a birth/marriage/duth

urtfuate 2 an oíIicial document

@q:e3:aIi;iD

cat faüeI

ten

bird about §lt

s*

mey

gol

J:^ouu

saw cup put actual too

co!legé

proving üat you have comilleted a cowse oi study or passed m

exm;

exm; a

obtained after a course

a qualiíication obtained after a course of study or an

of studv or an

quali-

qualiíication

exa]i: a Postgrddwte

exa]i: a Postgrddwte

CertiJirute in Educalion

CertiJirute in Education (=

(= a British ouali_

2

'

fication for teachers)

ö

note at DEGREE

rDeró /sa'tflkeü AmE sar't-/

class.mate

[VN, VNto ÍnÍ](BrE) to give sb

noun a person who is or

an oíficfa] docment proving that

they have successfully com-

pleted a training course, especially for a pmticular profession

/'k]o:smelt; ÁmE'kl@s-/

was in the Same class as you at school or college

cog,nition

/kDg'nlín; AnE ka:.g-/ noun

which knowledge

process by

the mind: chia sfudbs

III}

co.gnos.centi

cognoscenti)

(psrchotagy)

tbe

and understanding

is developed in

(the

h].'|

lot of

mtring on theorias cognition

AmE ,kl:n-/ noun

,/,kDnjJ'Jenti;

(from

ltalian,

íormal) wople With a

knowledge about a particu]ar subject

ln both BrE and ÁmE a college is a place Where you can. go to study after you leave secondary school. ln Britain you can 90 to a college to study or to receive training in a particular skill. ln the USA you can study for your first

degree at a college. A university offers more advanced

degrees in addition to íirst dégrees. ln AmE cóllBge is ofien u§ed to mean a university,

especially

When talking about people who are studying for their first degree. The is not used When you are talking about someone studying there: My §n has gone auag to collele-

§ 'Whm did, you go to college7

ln Br8 you can saY,. My d,aughter

'ohio State I]ni\üsity.' is qt colkge ö My

ddughter is at uniDüsitr,

university in this way You use it With a of the to mean a

particular universit}a M9 dawhter is at @llege. § I didnt uant to go to a brge uniDersity,

tnun

ln An E you cannot use

co1.1e9e /'lrDhd3; AmE'ka:.L./

ing after

í [c, u] (often in nmes)

(in

Britain)

oí íurther edwtian

1= providing education and training for people over 16) o

a place where students go to study or to receive train-

they have left school: a college

aaüeloüoü

my

now

§ay

go

go

cIÉ

eo

@jw

boy

neil

hair

pue

yes

wet

I

common sensé

a technhal/secretarial

mlleEe ó the

ó

Roral college

Art § a

a]so

coll2ge üury/librar!/stu.dmt

CoMMUNITY

coLEGE(1),

he uu in mllege.

3

sh?'s at @lrege.-see

2

[c,U]

(often in

nmes) (in the Us) a miversity where students can study for a

degree a.fter they have left school: Carleton Cnllege c a college carnpus / student § a priuate ullege o He got intüested in politi,cs

uhen

sIxTH-FoRM coLDGE

ó

She's auay at college

(2)

[c. U] one

universitieg

in California.-

§ a tour

(in the US)

see also coI\,íIúUNrrY coillcE

institutions that some British

one of üe main

of üe separate

such as oxford and

Cambridge, are divided into: Kiugb

of oxford colleges

collage, cambridge

in college. 4

§ Most studants liue

divisions of some large miversities: ?/r3

histor! d,epartment is part oí the collage oí Arts and sciences-

[c+sing./pl.

6 [C]

5

of a college

(especially in names, in Britain and some other countries)

U.] the teachers anüor students

a secondary school,

College 7

especially one where you must pay: Eton (usually in names) an organized group

special interests, duties or powers:

ó

the Amüican Qoilege oí

íCl (formaD

of profe§sional

the Rowl

people with

Colkge Physfuiare

cardinlugyaee

,common

practical way

a

just

use lour

d probl2m

also ELEcToru coLEGE

'sensé noun [Ul the abüity to think about things in

and make sensible decisions:

goodw'

cornrnon ynse! o a @mnlon-sef§e

For

ffike,

approrch to

Gom'munaty

coalége mun 1

(also com'munity school)

Britain) a secondary

local community

college that

and

tiat offers

school that is open to adu]ts from

students 2 (in the

uS)

a

the loca] co]mmity

long, induding

(irtr

üe

as well as to its oM

is mainly for students from

programmes

üat tre two years

progranrmes in practical ski]ls. some students go to a univer-

sity or college offering foü-year

íinished studying

Cl

comprehereion o

uas mnxpl2lal, belond

(= impossible to understand). o She had no

comprehension

comprehension oí uhat uas

students to understand a ]mguage: listening compreh2reion ó

a reading comprehensinn

inuolued. 2 m exerci§e that trains

progrmmes aíter they have

í|J,

at a colmmity college.

/,kDmprl'henjn:,

com.pre.hen.slon

í

[U]

(especia[y

AmE,kdm-/ noun

uritten)

The tuk

the ability to üderstand:

rquires a gud mmprehension of

speech and

umplex iretructiorc. o ríis behaDiour

Gom.pre.hen.3ive

r

adj. l

including

/,kDmprihensív; AnE,kd:.m-/

aJI, or alnost

adj., noun

all, the items, detáils, facts,

bdf

bad

alid fall

s

set

hk

hat cat

lmn

leg

man now

pr

pen red

curíicuIum

informatigl,

list

that may be

oí addrása o

etc.,

concerned: a amprehensiue

report

/ stud! / suruq, ó

(BrEl

@f

a comprehereiu

comprehensiue

ireurane

(=

covering all risks) 2

adj. able to

[v]

education) designed for students

of

school }

lnoun,(also

school for

com.pre.hensive.néss noun

compre'hensive

yoüg

people

[U]

school) (in

of all levels

com,puteF'IiteJate

> com,

puter

atl abilities in the sme

Britain) a secondary

of ability

use conputers we1l

'litéíacvrcun

con,ser.va.toire

/kan's3:vatwo:(I)i AnE :$:rv-/ (BrE) (AmE

a sc}lool or college at which peop]e ile

con.ser,va.tory) noun

trained in music md üeatre

con,tinuous

as'so§sment

noun

|ul

giving a student a íinal mtrk/grade based

a comse of study rather than on one exam

(Brr) a system of

on work done during

con.vo,ca.tion

a large formal

members

convocation 3

coüege

,/,kDnvo'keú{ ÁmE

meeting,

especially

üe

,kl:nl rnun (formal) 1

of

-oi

Churctr officials

act of calling together a

or

|Cl

of a university 2

tU]

When students receive

lcl GmE) a ceremony held in a universitv

üeir

degrees

cor]e]spondence

course noun a course of study that you

do at home,

cour§e.work

students do

using books and exercises sent to you by post/mail

/'kc:sw3:k; ÁmE'kJ:rswe:.rk/

a cowse

of stud}a

noun

N]work

tiat

that is

not in exams,

during

iryhdgq in their

final milk,/grade: Qourseuork accounts íor

40q" the íinal marks,

cíam /kfF.m/ Derö

push or force sb,/sth

o I coua

[V] -

(for

Gmm)

into a

Í- (sth) into/onto 9th

|

- (sth) in to

small space; to move into a sma]l

[VNl

He

cramilEd eight

pmpk

all thnt shl does in-a day,'o t

space With üe result üat it is ful]:

into his car.

neüer cram in

Iv] We all

sth)

(rather

managed to cram doun a íeu

üamnvd, the str@ts. ó

mouthíuh offood- o supporters

mmged,

to cram into his mr.

old-ínhiorcótolearn a iot

lalso VN-ADJ]

2

of things in a short time, in

Camminq

preptrationfor an exarn: He's been

Well edu-

íor his mrns all ueek.

cul.tured /'k^ltjad; AnE

cated md able to understand

@lls or

pearls) grown

cur.ricu.lum

-t!atd/ adj. 1 (of p€ople)

and enjoy

art, literature, etc. 2 (of

or scientific stucly 3 (of

Q)l.

curric.ula

,/-lal

or

bacteria) grown for medical

artificiatly

/ka'ntdalam/ noun

cur.ricu.lum3) the subjects that are included in a cowse of

§t

&e

íea

vz

vu

zm

J3tJd5

8hoe vi§ion chain Jm

0ö!

thin this silg

day school

§tudy or taught

(BrE) spanish

c ur r bu

in a school,

etc: the

b on the cutrbulum. ó (AmE

syLLABus

college,

schaol cufticulum

§

Spanish is in the

'day school

lum. ---compare

noun 1

day sch@l

(old-fashinre@ a private school with

and only

2

to

go

(BrE;

school during

a couse o:f

topic

is

students who live at home

th€

education lasting

dlscussed: a

victorian tirEs

day{ompare BoARDING scrroor,

one

day at which a palticular

at Leeds Uniursity on wom in

A degree

is u§ually the qualification that you get by com-

study at a college or university:

d,egree

in 1987. ln BrE il can

pleting a course of

a buhelnr's degu § Igot my

also mean the couíse ilself: she's doing a physbs de{ree-

Diploma and cértiíicateare both Words for official docu-

something.

ments that show you have done or achieved

Diploma is used for degrees and other courses of

but certiflcate can be more genelal: a Hiah school

stuay

diploma o a dzgree cütiíicate § a cerfirtufu attpndalne

§ a suimming wtiJimta

ln Br8 the qualmcation or course of study can also be called

a diploma or a certiíicató: a tuo-rear

I'n studlinq íor the Fiíst CertirDafu in English-

diplnma @W ó

de.ten.tion

/dr'tensi/ rcun 1 [Jl üe státe of being kept in

prwented from

leavirig: a

roung oííend,er iwtitutión ó

oí torture

the

a place, especially a prison, and

senterce 12 mnths' datmtian in a

police powrs atrest

and, d,etention § d,llagations

and. d,etention withaut trial o a detentinn

punishment of being kept

students have gone

also DETAIN

camp 2 |v,c1

at schoo] for a time aíter

Óther

home: Thq can't giue me @\ dctmtion íor

dip.lorna

'ftis

-see

/d!'plaumo; n-g

:plou-/ noun 1 (BrE1 a course of

diploma

courre o \he

b taking a diplnma in managemnt studies. 2 a document show-

ing that you have completed a cour§e

education: a Eiah school diplo,zr ó note at DEGREE

study at a college or vííl]íercity:a tuo-lear

of study or part of your

@o:

cet fáther

e3:6

ten bird about

I

sit

i:iDcl^Uuú:

see mey got saw cup put actua.l tm

das.sem.in.ate

llation,

Jmcrmgs

/disemelt/

Dqb|vN]

(rfon@r)

knowledge, etc. so that it ieaóÉes

haue been

_

widely dissernindted.

[U'|

áá";_ő;Ü

to

sDread infor_

fi;;

,/dl,seml'neún,/ noiln

drill /drll/ Düb

> dis.iem.in.ation

|I!|il

repeating

'drill sth into sb to make sb

it often:

remember or learn sü bv

o, ""iiy-áii'iőíir'Ű

person who leaves

studies: collese

It was dritled into ^ at

noun 1 a

drop litter.

d]op,out

scnool or

aropouts ó a

edu.cated

í

nlvm_c nad

/'almpaot: Áu.E'dTa:p-/

of society

adi.

college before they have finished üiir

uniDersity

uith

to

üi

,ng) a perso_n_ who rejects the

are

a high dropout rate 2 (disannrőu-

ideas and ways of behavinf üat

had üe

school-

ac@pted by the rest

/'ed3ukeltld,/

í Goducated) havins

having

priuoűty

been

Krno ot education mentioned:

college or

d British-educated

miversity

mentioned:

Űiráiőiniűii|i

_a

lqwer o He's a

high

gueis

niűnn-eáűaiŐ-iűi.

sTiloard ol education:

tfu educated elite o He

,educ_atéd 'guess a

standard of education; showins a hish

an educatad and, artitulate űrmn-o spokg in an

üat is based

"aúiiiiűir.'úű'"ai

on

some-de-m"li

lÜely to be correct

naun Nl products such aS especially computer soFT-

mowleoge, and is therefore

edu,taan.ment /,edju'temmanv

Doot{s,_ television programmes and

WARE that both educate

egg.head

a.

p9rion

studyrng

/'eghed,/ noun

who

is

and entertain

Very intelligent and

(iníormal, diilpproDinP or hufrcro8\

is

only interested in

,ele'me

(rn_the

and 12

ary school (also iníormal

Us)

a schoo| for children between

'gíade school) noun

üe ages of ábout 6

en-c,yc.lo.pe.dia

DooR.or set

Knowledge

usually

rfiormatlon

1BrE also -pae.dia) /m,sa*l3'pi:d

of_books giving information

or about

arranged in

on a cD-RoM

ie/ noun a

aboui all areas

of

different areas of one particu]ar subiect-

atphabetica] oraer; a siiiiitái coti";ti;;;:i

eíu.dite /'erudalt

essay

.noun

noun, Derb

/.'esq/

i adj.

iedge that is gained from academic study

(formal)

having

piece

or showins sreat know-

of writing by a stutlent

caűe;"oithe i;;;;

í - (on sth) a §hort

as part of a course of study: an essay on the

aaüelauoü

now

my

say

go

8o

JI

boy

lo

nee

eooajw

hai!

püe

ye§ wel

expertlse

)

Worawdr 2 + (on ath) a short piece

subject, written in order to be

of !íriting

The

on a particular

book untaire a

published:

nmbü intil*tw esffiys on uomu in Wi2tr. 3 -

(forml)

(in

M attempt to do sth: íl§lirsl say in politbs uas a

sth)

complete d,is6ter.

Derb / e'sel/ [VN] (lir€rary)

to try to do sth

Exam is the usual Word for a written, §poken or practical test at §chool or college, especially an important one that you need to do in order to get a qualiíication. Examination is a Very formal Word. A test is something that students might be given in addition to, or sométimes instead regular exams, to see how much they have learned. A Very short iníormal test is called a quiz in ÁmE. Qulz in

both

AmE and BrÉalso means a contest in Which people

try to answer questions: a triDia quiz § a quiz shou.

ffil

ex.pert.ise /,ekspe:'ti:z; AmE -p3r't-/ noun íal - (in sth/in

doing sth) expert knowledge or ski]l

activity

in a

particular

or iob: proíessional / scientiJic / tuhniul upertise

§

o

We

subject,

Thq haue considerable expertis in daaling u)ith oil spills.

hnDe the expertise to hPlp

fac.ultyl /'íakJti/ rcun

you run your breiress.

(pl -ies) 1

[c,usuaily

pl.]

any of the

physical or mental abilities that a person

is born with: ílre

íaculty

suht o She retained fur mental íuulti§ (_ the ability

understand)

until the day she

died.

a to be in

íull

lour íaculties (=

[sing.]

-

be able to speak, hem,

of/for (doing)

slh

see,

a

(formI)

sth: the

understand,ing

íc'l

wing his oún mistakgs 3

íacult!

in a college or

[c+sing.

/ pI.

to üink and

pos§essiou

mderstmd, etc,) 2

particular

ability for doing

ímlty íor

complex issux a a

the Iau school

5

a departnent

unileís7ty: the Frculty Inu § the Arts

u.] al] the teachers

or group

írcult,

of related departments

Faulty 4

rumbers

lusuaily

in a faculw of a college or university:

o a

íaculty

n eeting §

ía!:ulty

rembers

au the teachers

of

a pilticu-

pt.l the end of the crum gently

u] (often the faculty) (AmD)

[c,

1r university or college:íacult!

Íin.ger.tip /'fuganp; AmE -gatt"/ lnu.n

the finger that is furthest from üe hand: Appl,

bdfghkI

bad

diat fall

Bet

hat

cat

leg

mn

man now

pr

pen red

graduate

usinq y_our,íingütips.

have tlre

particular

qliclrly

it

information,

situation md

to

períutionist to hil

flunk tfl]lűrkl urb

a

z

test_or

[VN] to

a coursg

them a low

líliE , flunk

school

enough

Íoun'dation

üat prepares students

fresh.man

lIM hárre sth at your

knowledge, etc. t6at

be able to find

'fingertips

to

is neéded'in á

it easily

md use

wáy: Slref á

v]

La]so

bv siviná

ŰÍÚnÉ,

your 'íingértiqs(BrE) in every

[VN]

I

flunked,

math in stond

gradL.

a test, or a couse

13

th? ta

íingertips,

<iníomuL espuially AmE) 1 to fail an exam.

make sb fail an exam,

mark/grade:

'out

(of

She's

sth) (AmE.

flunkecl

iníormaI)-to have to leave á

or a col]ege because you marks/grades are not good

cou?se_mun

(Br&) a general coüse at

or more difíicult coüses

-mén .-mén/) (esp€ci

íirst year at a universitv

a college

ally AmEl

co|lese

for longer

Q)l.

o du7ing Tytr"flr-

/'fre!men/ noun

student who is in his or her

a

or

high school:

lmn

áig'

rhool

/ mllegefreshrun

year---4ompare soPHoMoRE

,further,edu'cataon

ls provided

sity{ompare

,9.en9r?!

noun íUl

(BrE) education

for people aíter leaving sctrooi,'tut irot at a unlvói-

HIGIüR EDUCÁTIoN

[U] knowledge of facts about a

knouledgó quiz

@bbr.

FE)

that

'knowledge noun

subjects

a gemal

lot of different

gé.naus "d5i:nios/ noun

intel]igence, skil] or artistic

oí genius o gq

d statesman

Q)l, ge.niuses) í rul unusuallv sreat

a6i]ity:

he smius

ia24 w6 a strcke

'

oí Shakes;náre

o

Eeniua. 2 tcl

a

person

who is unusual]y inteUigent or artistiÓ,Ór

level of ski]], especiatly

§ He's d. genius

genius

who hai á

very high

comic

haüe to be a

sth/for.

doing

for mking

in one area: a rnathernd,tical

/

p@ple. o You dDn't

3

tsing.]

- for

gmil§ to s@ that tha! are

at orgdnizing

iiúwI

sth a special skiU or ability:

people

BrD a

feel at holru. @

sbb

Ue háa á genius

Lood/evil 'qiniui

(especinll,

gooübad iníluence

lprson or spirii who is-thought to iave

over you

a

gov.ern.ess /'g^vanas; AmE -varn-/ noun (especially

past),

in thea

a woman employed to teach the children oT a home and to live with them

rcun,

uerb

gfadu.aie

.noun

1 - (in

/'gradsuat/ (a]so iníoml grad

sth)

a

lErson

who has a

in üe

ricir fmily

in AmE\

especiallv

degree:

university

graduate

a gradmte

in history o a scimce gradulte o a

oí Yalő/a YaIe

stvz

a@

tea

van

zoo

J3tJ

§hoe vision chain

d3Oö!

jm

thin

üis sirg

gradurtg ó. d grduate studcnt / cóurse 2 (ÁmE) a person who has completed t}rea school,studies: a high-rchool gradwte ó

note at STUDENT

luerb /'gradlaeltJ í tV1 -

especially your

thirty

first degree,

g|adrutcd

in

ywr.

o He

studffits

from

Earurd this

in Pvchology.

edumtion,

high shml

2 [V] - (from ---

(in sth)| - (from

from

Chiw

,

) to get a degree,

Ónly

gráWta

a

university or colJege:

last year. o She

grad,uated írom York uith a daEre

)

(AmE)

to complete

a coursó in

írom

gradult2d

especially at mGH scHool: Martha

two yws

oéi,o. 3 [VN] - sb (from sth) mE) ta give a

degree, DPLoMA, etc, to

W.

4

important

atedíron

sbl Thg collgge grad,mted arl stud,ents last

more difficutt or

(from §th) to sth to start doing thm what you were doing before:

|v1-

being a dnn&r

tn haDing

a §full

she recentl| role in a muie.

grad,u-

ham.mer,/'hama(r)/ Der b

Elllil ,hammer

etc. so that

sth-'home

fully

1 to emphasize

understand it

a point,

2 to kick

m

idea,

people

and score a goa],hammer sth 'lnto sb to make sb letrn or

a balt hard

remember

sth by repeating it many times

hang /hÉT'/rcun

|IrE

sü;

get the 'hang slh

to understand

sth: It's

<iníomar)

to letrn how to do or to use</