You are on page 1of 8

m

<.u <;



(First Lesson)

<li

;u<


(Introduction to the Alphabet)

: . ,_-:


) ab-gad (

We shall begin by introducing the first four letters of the Syriac Alphabet which in
Syriac-Aramaic is called abgad and is also the name giving to the Syriac Alphabet:

Karshouni Arabic Syriac Name of the
Letter
-- (From the Throat)
-
:


o oo o-la la la laI II I

` ' -
b bb b (From the Lips)
-
. -


b bb be ee e
- -
g gg g (From the Upper
Palette)
[g as in goose]
_
_ _


g gg go oo o-mal mal mal mal
.' ~
d dd d (From the Tongue)
~
, ,

,:



d dd do oo o-la la la la
~ -









Exercise: (Re-write the following letters 5 times. The Aramaic language is written right-to-left)

: . i . . .- . . . . . .- _ . _ . _ . _ , . ,







. . ,.-

) ha-waz (
The Second Word is hawaz:

Karshouni Arabic Syriac Name of the
Letter
h hh h (From the Upper
Throat)
-
- i-


h hh he ee e
' -
w ww w (From the Lips)

. ..


w ww waw aw aw aw
'
z zz z (From the Upper
Teeth)

, ,.,


z zz za aa ay yy yn nn n
-









Exercise: (Re-write the following letters 5 times. The Aramaic language consists of 22 letters):

, . . , . . . . - . . -







_ . ..


) ha-tee (
The Third Word is hatee:

Karshouni Arabic Syriac Name of the
Letter
h hh h (From the Bottom of
the Throat)
_
. :.



he he he he
- =
t tt t (From the Tongue)
=
:



te te te te
- =
y yy y (From the Upper
Palette)

. ,..



y yy yood ood ood ood
~ -










Exercise: (Re-write the following letters 5 times):

. . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ..







, . ,.:


) kal-man (
The Fourth Word is kalman:

Karshouni Arabic Syriac Name of the
Letter
k kk k (From the Upper
Palette)
=
, -


k kk ko oo oI II I

-
l ll l (From the Tongue)
.
,..:




l ll lo oo o-ma ma ma mad dd d
~ ~
m mm m (From the Lips)

, ,..


m mm meem eem eem eem
- ~
n nn n (From the Tongue)

.


n nn noon oon oon oon
-






Exercise: (Re-write the following letters 5 times):

. . . . , . . , . . .. . . , . .. . . .: . . . .: , . . .- . . , . .-







- . ..


) sa-pas (
The Fifth Word is sapas:

Karshouni Arabic Syriac Name of the Letter
s ss s (From the Upper Teeth)

. :..




s ss sem em em em-ka ka ka ka
' ~~ -
(No English Equivalent.
From the Bottom of the Throat)
_
i.

,.. .:



e ee e or ayn or ayn or ayn or ayn
' = - = '
p pp p (From the Lips)
-

i
p pp pe ee e
'
s ss s (From the Upper Teeth and
Middle of the Throat)

i,


so so so so-d dd de ee e


Exercise: (Re-write the following letters 5 times):

. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . ..







. . .

,..

) qar-sat (
The Sixth Word is qarsat:

Karshouni Arabic Syriac Name of the
Letter
q qq q (From the Upper
Palette)

. ..


q qq qoo oo oo ooI II I
-
r rr r (From the Lower
Teeth)

. ...


r rr ree ee ee ees ss s
-
s ss s (From the Lower
Teeth)
[sh as in shelf]

. ,..


s ss seen een een een
- ~
t tt t (From the Tongue)
-
, ,

.
t tt taw aw aw aw
'-



Exercise: (Re-write the following letters 5 times):

, . , . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . ..







, . abgad Memorization
The Easiest Way to Memorize the Syriac-Aramaic Alphabet is to Remember
the Six Words (Words do not Have an Actual Meaning in Aramaic):

Exercise: (Re-write the following words 5 times. The letters in Aramaic are also used for numbers):

. ) 6 ( - ) 5 ( , ) 4 ( _ ) 3 ( . ) 2 ( : ) 1 (
,...


..


,.:

..


,.-

,_-:









Using Arabic:
,...


..


,.:

..


,.-

,_-:



- ~ - ~ ~ = = - ~ =- '


y Histor ) Aramaic ( The Syriac
(Part 1)

(This historical material is written by other authors, and this author doesnt claim authorship of the material
in the section The Syriac (Aramaic) History)

3 Million BC 6000 BC:

Tools found at al-Aqbiyah between Sidon & Tyre; Kafraya and Joubb Jannine in
al-Biqa; Caves of Adlun between Sidon and Tyre of Antilyas; The River Kalb
and The River Ibrahim between Beirut and Byblos; The River Jauz near Batrun,
and in the region of The River kabir north of Tripoli.
A 25,000 to 30,000 year old human skeleton of an 8 year old boy found in a rock
shelter at Kasr Aqil above Antilyas six miles north of Beirut.
Continuous human habitation in Antilyas valley ever since 30,000 years ago.
This also shows that since that time Mediterranean type people (Of which the
Lebanese People Belong To) have inhabited the area.



..

i ) e ee e h hh h - smo smo smo smo s Name (



English French Arabic Karshouni Syriac
Maro Maron '~ mo mo mo mo-roon roon roon roon
...



Abdo Abdo -~-= a aa ab bb bdoo doo doo doo
.

.,-


Abigail Abigayil .--'=--' a aa a-bee bee bee bee-gel gel gel gel
_.-:


Abraham Abraham --'-' a aa ab bb b-ro ro ro ro-hom hom hom hom
,-.-:




Adam Adam ~' o oo o-dom dom dom dom
,,:


Edessa Edesse '-' o oo oor or or or-hoy hoy hoy hoy
.-..:



Aaron Aaron '- a aa ah hh h-roon roon roon roon
..-:



Ur Ur '
o oo oor or or or
..:


Jerusalem Jrusalem -~' o oo oo oo o-ree ree ree rees ss s-lem lem lem lem
,s...:



Job Job --' e ee ee ee e-yoob yoob yoob yoob
...: