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BaseBaseBaseBase BaseBaseBaseBase StationStationStationStation StationStationStationStation SubsystemSubsystemSubsystemSubsystem SubsystemSubsystemSubsystemSubsystem ParametersParametersParametersParameters ParametersParametersParametersParameters

BSSPARBSSPARBSSPARBSSPAR BSSPARBSSPARBSSPARBSSPAR

BSSBSS ParameterParameter PlanningPlanning

BSS BSS Parameter Parameter Planning Planning NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5
BSS BSS Parameter Parameter Planning Planning NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5

ModuleModule 44 ObjectivesObjectives

Channels Configurations and Dimensioning

Location Area Design

Cell Radio Design

BSS Parameter Design and Planning

MS Mobility Management

BSS Parameter Design and Planning • MS Mobility Management NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /
BSS Parameter Design and Planning • MS Mobility Management NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /

EndEnd ofof ModuleModule

You should be able to:

Understand the GSM channel configuration

Dimension for channel configuration and set the related BSS parameters

Dimension for signaling channel for Location Area

Design and set the BSS parameters

Apply various strategies in MS mobility management

• Apply various strategies in MS mobility management NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
• Apply various strategies in MS mobility management NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

ContentsContents

! Channel Configuration ! Location Area Design ! Cell Radio Design ! BSC Parameters ! BTS Parameters ! Handover Control Parameters ! Power Control Parameters ! TRX parameters ! Adjacency Parameters ! MS Mobility Management

parameters ! Adjacency Parameters ! MS Mobility Management NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
parameters ! Adjacency Parameters ! MS Mobility Management NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

ContentContent OutlinesOutlines

Day 1

Channels Configurations

SDCCH Dimensioning

Common Control Channel Dimensioning

Location Area Design and Related Channels Dimensioning

Exercise

Summary

Related Channels Dimensioning • Exercise • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module
Related Channels Dimensioning • Exercise • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module

ContentContent OutlinesOutlines

Day 2

BSS Parameters Structure

BSC Parameters

Idle Mode Operation:

• BTS parameters: cell selection and reselection

Exercise

Summary

cell selection and reselection • Exercise • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
cell selection and reselection • Exercise • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

ContentContent OutlinesOutlines

Day 3

Dedicated Mode Operation:

• Handover Control Parameters

• Power Control Parameters

Dedicated Mode Operation:

• Handover Control Parameters

• Handover Design

• Handover Strategies

Exercise

Summary

Design • Handover Strategies • Exercise • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
Design • Handover Strategies • Exercise • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

ContentContent OutlinesOutlines

Day 4 Dedicated Mode Operation:

• Power Control Parameters

• Power Control Design

• Power Control and Handover Control Exercise Summary

Power Control and Handover Control • Exercise • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /
Power Control and Handover Control • Exercise • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /

ContentContent OutlinesOutlines

Day 5

TRX Parameters

Adjacency Parameters

Mobility Management

Exercise

Assignment Briefing

Summary

• Exercise • Assignment Briefing • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module
• Exercise • Assignment Briefing • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module

ContentContent OutlinesOutlines

Day 1

Channels Configurations

SDCCH Dimensioning

Common Control Channel Dimensioning

Location Area Design and Related Channels Dimensioning

Exercise

Summary

Related Channels Dimensioning • Exercise • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module
Related Channels Dimensioning • Exercise • Summary NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration

" Channel Configuration ! Location Area Design ! Cell Radio Design ! BSC Parameters ! BTS Parameters ! Handover Control Parameters ! Power Control Parameters ! TRX parameters ! Adjacency Parameters ! MS Mobility Management

parameters ! Adjacency Parameters ! MS Mobility Management NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
parameters ! Adjacency Parameters ! MS Mobility Management NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration

Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 12
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 12
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 12

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration

Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 13
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 13
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 13

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration

Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 14
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 14
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 14

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration

Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 15
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 15
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 15

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration

Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 16
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 16
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module 5 page: 16

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration----CCH,CCH, downlinkdownlink

Configuration Configuration -- -- CCH, CCH, downlink downlink NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
Configuration Configuration -- -- CCH, CCH, downlink downlink NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
Configuration Configuration -- -- CCH, CCH, downlink downlink NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration----CCH,CCH, uplinkuplink

Configuration Configuration -- -- CCH, CCH, uplink uplink NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
Configuration Configuration -- -- CCH, CCH, uplink uplink NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
Configuration Configuration -- -- CCH, CCH, uplink uplink NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration----TCHTCH

Channel Channel Configuration Configuration -- -- TCH TCH NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration -- -- TCH TCH NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
Channel Channel Configuration Configuration -- -- TCH TCH NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

ChannelChannel CombinationCombination

ï The following combinations of logical channel types are allowed for the radio timeslots and specified by GSM (Rec. 05.02):

ï TCH/F + FACCH/F + SACCH/TF

a)

ï TCH/H + FACCH/H + SACCH/TH

b)

ï SDCCH/8 + SACCH/C8

c)

ï FCCH + SCH + BCCH + CCCH (TS 0)

d)

ï FCCH + SCH + BCCH + CCCH + SDCCH/4 + SACCH/C4 (TS 0)

e)

f)

ï BCCH + CCCH

ï SDCCH/8 + SACCH/8 + CBCH

g)

ï FCCH + SCH + BCCH + CCCH + SDCCH/4 + SACCH/C4 + CBCH (TS 0)

h)

ï A "+" indicates that the channels are used simultaneously.

indicates that the channels are used simultaneously. NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module
indicates that the channels are used simultaneously. NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP Module

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration----CombinedCombined

Combined BCCH/CCCH/SDCCH/4 Multiframe TS0: BCCH + CCCH/3 + SDCCH/4 downlink FS BCCH CCCH FS CCCH
Combined BCCH/CCCH/SDCCH/4 Multiframe
TS0: BCCH + CCCH/3 + SDCCH/4
downlink
FS
BCCH
CCCH
FS
CCCH
CCCH
FS
SDCCH0
SDCCH1
FS
SDCCH2
SDCCH3
FS
SACCH0
SACCH1
I
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
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38
39
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41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
F = FCCH, S = SCH
uplink
SDCCH3
RR
SACCH2
SACCH3
RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR
SDCCH0
SDCCH1
RR
SDCCH2
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
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8
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11
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49
50
R=RACH + SDCCH/4
1 SACCH frame = 2 x 235.38 msec
©C.L.Eng

full rate TCH multiframe

full rate TCH multiframe downlink, uplink TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
downlink, uplink TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
downlink, uplink
TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
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18
19
20
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22
23
24
25
T = TCH, A = SACCH
©C.L.Eng
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 T = TCH, A = SACCH ©C.L.Eng NOKIA
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 T = TCH, A = SACCH ©C.L.Eng NOKIA

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration----SeparatedSeparated

BCCH/CCCH Multiframe

TS0: BCCH + CCCH/9

downlink

 
 

FS

BCCH

 

CCCH

   

FS

 

CCCH

   

CCCH

   

FS

 

CCCH

 

CCCH

 

FS

 

CCCH

 

CCCH

 

FS

 

CCCH

 

CCCH

 

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

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28 29

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34 35

36

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38 39

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44 45

46

47 48

49

50

uplink

F = FCCH, S = SCH

               

RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR

                                                                                     

0

1

2

3

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48

49

50

 

R

= RACH

 

SDCCH/8 Multiframe

   

TS1: SDCCH/8

 

downlink

 
 

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

     

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SACCH

   

SACCH

   

SACCH

   

SACCH

   

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

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9

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22 23

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32

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34 35

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38 39

40

41

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46 47

48

49 50

uplink

 
 

SACCH

   

SACCH

   

SACCH

     

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SACCH

 

0

1

2

3

4

5

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29 30

31

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33 34

35 36

37 38

39 40

41

42

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44

45 46

47 48

49 50

©C.L.Eng

full rate TCH multiframe

full rate TCH multiframe downlink, uplink TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
downlink, uplink TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
downlink, uplink
TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT
0
1
2
3
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9
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T = TCH, A = SACCH
©C.L.Eng
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 T = TCH, A = SACCH ©C.L.Eng NOKIA
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 T = TCH, A = SACCH ©C.L.Eng NOKIA

ChannelChannel ConfigurationConfiguration----HybridHybrid

Hybrid

   

TS0: BCCH + CCCH/3 + SDCCH/4

 

downlink

 
 

FS

BCCH

   

CCCH

   

FS

 

CCCH

   

CCCH

   

FS

SDCCH0

SDCCH1

 

FS

SDCCH2

SDCCH3

 

FS

SACCH0

SACCH1

 

I

0

1

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uplink

 

BCCH + CCCH/3 + SDCCH/4, F = FCCH, S = SCH

 

SDCCH3

   

RR

SACCH2

 

SACCH3

                                     

RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR

       

SDCCH0

SDCCH1

 

RR

SDCCH2

0

1

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49 50

 

R=RACH + SDCCH/4

 

SDCCH/8 Multiframe

   

TS1: SDCCH/8

 

downlink

 
 

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

 

SDCCH

 

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SACCH

   

SACCH

   

SACCH

   

SACCH

   

0

1

2

3

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uplink

 
 

SACCH

   

SACCH

 

SACCH

     

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SACCH

 

0

1

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©C.L.Eng

full rate TCH multiframe

full rate TCH multiframe downlink, uplink TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
downlink, uplink TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
downlink, uplink
TTTTTTTTTTTTATTTTTTTTTTTT
0
1
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T = TCH, A = SACCH
©C.L.Eng
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 T = TCH, A = SACCH ©C.L.Eng NOKIA
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 T = TCH, A = SACCH ©C.L.Eng NOKIA

SDCCHSDCCH DimensioningDimensioning

SDCCH used for:

Call setup signalling

Short message service (SMS)

Location update (LU)

IMSI attached/detached

(SMS) • Location update (LU) • IMSI attached/detached NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
(SMS) • Location update (LU) • IMSI attached/detached NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

SDCCHSDCCH DimensioningDimensioning

number of call attempts (MOC+MTC) per subscriber per hour

1.1

 

percentage of MOC

60%

 

percentage of ‘engaged’ in the case of an MOC

19.8%

 

duration of TCH occupation in the engaged case

3

sec

no answer from a person called by MOC

14.4%

 

mean TCH occupation for this case

30

sec

percentage of successful MOC

65.8%

 

mean time for ringing (MOC)

15

sec

percentage of MTC

40.0%

 

no paging response

32.5%

 

duration of TCH occupation in this case

0

sec

no answer from a mobile subscriber

13.5%

 

means TCH occupation for this case

30

sec

successful MTC

54.0%

 

mean time for ringing (MTC)

5

sec

mean call duration (MOC/MTC)

115

sec

mean TCH occupation call attempt

83

sec

TCH load per subscriber

0.026

Erl

time for MOC/MTC setup signaling on SDCCH (authentications,

)

3

sec

time for a location update

5

sec

number of location update per subscriber per hour

2.2

 

resulting SDDCCH load per subscriber (no TCH queuing applied)

0.004

Erl

load per subscriber (no TCH queuing applied) 0.004 Erl NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /
load per subscriber (no TCH queuing applied) 0.004 Erl NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /

SDCCHSDCCH DimensioningDimensioning

TCH load per subscriber

= [ # of call attempts per sub per hour*%MOC

+ # of call attempts per sub per call*%MTC*(1-%no

response)*(1-% no answer)*%MTC success] * mean call duration /

3600

= [ 1.1 * 60% + 1.1 * 40% * (1-32.5%) * (1-13.5%) * 54%] *

= 0.026 Erlang

SDCCH load per subscriber

115/3600

= [number of call attempts*setup signalling

+ #LU per sub per hour*duration for loc update] / 3600

= [1.1 * 3 + 2.2 * 5] / 3600

= 0.004 Erlang

update] / 3600 = [1.1 * 3 + 2.2 * 5] / 3600 = 0.004 Erlang
update] / 3600 = [1.1 * 3 + 2.2 * 5] / 3600 = 0.004 Erlang

SDCCHSDCCH DimensioningDimensioning

A cell with 2 TRXs

Combined SDCCH

1 comb. CCCH/SDCCH 4 SDCCH

15 TCH

Offered TCH load at 2% blocking

9.01 Erlangs # 9.01/0.026=346 subscribers

Offered SDCCH load at 1% blocking

4 SDCCH blocks for combined configuration

Thus from Erlang B table, lookup 4 channels at 1% blocking

0.87 Erlangs # 0.87/0.004=217 subs

SDCCH limited: 217 subscribers

# 0.87/0.004=217 subs • SDCCH limited: 217 subscribers NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
# 0.87/0.004=217 subs • SDCCH limited: 217 subscribers NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

SDCCHSDCCH DimensioningDimensioning

Non-combined SDCCH

1 SDCCH/8 8 SDCCH

14 TCH

Offered TCH load at 2% blocking

8.20 Erlangs # 8.20/0.026=315 subscribers

Offered SDCCH load at 1% blocking

8 SDCCH blocks for non-combined configuration

Thus from Erlang B table, lookup 8 channels at 1% blocking

3.13 Erlangs # 3.13/0.004=782 subs

TCH limited: 315 subscribers

This configuration is preferred as it is TCH limited

• This configuration is preferred as it is TCH limited NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02
• This configuration is preferred as it is TCH limited NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

CHANNELS TRAFFIC SIGNALLING CHANNELS CHANNELS FULL HALF BROADCAST COMMON DEDICATED RATE RATE CONTROL CONTROL
CHANNELS
TRAFFIC
SIGNALLING
CHANNELS
CHANNELS
FULL
HALF
BROADCAST
COMMON
DEDICATED
RATE
RATE
CONTROL
CONTROL
CONTROL
CHANNELS
CHANNELS
CHANNELS
DOWNLINK
&UPLINK
DOWNLINK
DOWNLINK
UPLINK
SLOW
FAST
TCH/F
TCH/H
BCCH
FCCH
SCH
PCH
AGCH
RACH
SACCH
SDCCH
FACCH
TCH/H BCCH FCCH SCH PCH AGCH RACH SACCH SDCCH FACCH NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02
TCH/H BCCH FCCH SCH PCH AGCH RACH SACCH SDCCH FACCH NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Common Common Control Control Channel Channel Load Load NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
Common Common Control Control Channel Channel Load Load NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
Common Common Control Control Channel Channel Load Load NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

CCCH Capacity

Calculation (non-combined):

uplink– 51*3600/(51*0.004615) = 780000 RACH slots per hour downlink – 36*3600/(51*0.004615) = 137658 CCH blocks per hour

BCCH/CCCH Multiframe

TS0: BCCH + CCCH/9

downlink

 
 

FS

 

BCCH

   

CCCH

   

FS

 

CCCH

   

CCCH

   

FS

 

CCCH

   

CCCH

   

FS

 

CCCH

   

CCCH

   

FS

 

CCCH

   

CCCH

   

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

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32

33

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36

37

38 39

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44 45

46

47 48

49

50

uplink

 

F

= FCCH, S = SCH

 
                                                               

RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR

                                   

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

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22

23

24

25

26

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28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

 

R

= RACH

 

SDCCH/8 Multiframe

 

TS1: SDCCH/8

 

downlink

 
 

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SDCCH

   

SACCH

   

SACCH

   

SACCH

   

SACCH

   

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

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uplink

 

SACCH

 

SACCH

 

SACCH

   

SDCCH

 

SDCCH

 

SDCCH

SDCCH

SDCCH

SDCCH

SDCCH

 

SDCCH

SACCH

0

1

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©C.L.Eng

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 ©C.L.Eng NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02
42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 ©C.L.Eng NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

• CCCH Capacity Calculation (combined): uplink– 27*3600/(51*0.004615) = 413000 RACH slots per hour downlink –
CCCH Capacity
Calculation (combined):
uplink– 27*3600/(51*0.004615) = 413000 RACH slots per hour
downlink – 12*3600/(51*0.004615) = 45886 CCH blocks per hour
Combined BCCH/CCCH/SDCCH/4 Multiframe
TS0: BCCH + CCCH/3 + SDCCH/4
downlink
FS
BCCH
CCCH
FS
CCCH
CCCH
FS
SDCCH0
SDCCH1
FS
SDCCH2
SDCCH3
FS
SACCH0
SACCH1
I
0
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F = FCCH, S = SCH
uplink
SDCCH3
RR
SACCH2
SACCH3
RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR
SDCCH0
SDCCH1
RR
SDCCH2
0
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R=RACH + SDCCH/4
1 SACCH frame = 2 x 235.38 msec
©C.L.Eng
R=RACH + SDCCH/4 1 SACCH frame = 2 x 235.38 msec ©C.L.Eng NOKIA BSSPAR © CL
R=RACH + SDCCH/4 1 SACCH frame = 2 x 235.38 msec ©C.L.Eng NOKIA BSSPAR © CL

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

CCCH Capacity

1 RACH slot: a channel message for 1 subscriber

1 CCCH block (4 slots):

1 paging message for 1

1 access grant message for 1 2

4

subscribers* or

subscribers

* Depends on IMSI(2) or TMSI(4) paging

or subscribers * Depends on IMSI(2) or TMSI(4) paging NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /
or subscribers * Depends on IMSI(2) or TMSI(4) paging NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

RACH

Used by MS to request a dedicated channel (SDCCH)

The causes for the channel request can be:

• A paging response in MTC

• An emergency call

• A MOC

• LU or

• IMSI attach/detach

Parameters related to RACH

maxNumberOfRetransmission (1, 2, 4 or 7)

numberOfSlotsSpreadTrans (3

12, 14, 16, 20, 25, 32, 50)

• numberOfSlotsSpreadTrans (3 12, 14, 16, 20, 25, 32, 50) NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02
• numberOfSlotsSpreadTrans (3 12, 14, 16, 20, 25, 32, 50) NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Continues…

The combination of maxNumberOfRetransmission and numberOfSlotsSpreadTrans values determine the time period between sending of two channels requests.

This period is measured in RACH slots and is the sum of a deterministic part S and a random part tr. (refer to GSM 04.08)

RACH can be configured in combined and non-combined case

Combined: all 27 timeslot0 out of 51 timeslots

Non-combined: all timeslot0,2,4,6

out of 51 timeslots • Non-combined: all timeslot0,2,4,6 NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
out of 51 timeslots • Non-combined: all timeslot0,2,4,6 NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
out of 51 timeslots • Non-combined: all timeslot0,2,4,6 NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

values for 50000 RACH activities per hour

Load Load • values for 50000 RACH activities per hour NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02
Load Load • values for 50000 RACH activities per hour NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02
Load Load • values for 50000 RACH activities per hour NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

The minimum blocking is achieved by the following setting of parameters: maxNumberOfRetransmission = 7, numberOfSlotsSpreadTrans = 50

The configuration of CCCH is mainly determined by the capacity needed by the downlink channels, the RACH configuration is uncritical

by the downlink channels, the RACH configuration is uncritical NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /
by the downlink channels, the RACH configuration is uncritical NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

PCH

PCH may be used as AGCH but not vice-versa

MOC requires AGCH and MTC requires PCH

Typical network will have MOC higher than MTC

Strategy: to dimension the AGCH to a smaller value and let the system organise the use of channels

Parameter related to PCH:

noOfMultiframesBetweenPaging (2

9)

• It indicates the number of TDMA multiframes between transmission of paging message to the same paging sub-group

• It impacts on the MS battery life and MTC setup time

• Higher value will save battery life but longer call setup time and vice versa

• Recommended value is 5

call setup time and vice versa • Recommended value is 5 NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng
call setup time and vice versa • Recommended value is 5 NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

AGCH

Parameter related to AGCH:

NumberOfBlocksForAccessGrant (0

7)

• It defines the number of blocks reserved for access grant messages from the CCCH during the 51 TDMA frame (a multiframe)

• Recommended value is 1 for combined and 2 for non-combined configuration

• Note that if the AGCH is insufficient, PCH can be used as AGCH

that if the AGCH is insufficient, PCH can be used as AGCH NOKIA BSSPAR © CL
that if the AGCH is insufficient, PCH can be used as AGCH NOKIA BSSPAR © CL

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Example:

• Example:
• Example:
Control Control Channel Channel Load Load • Example: NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
Control Control Channel Channel Load Load • Example: NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Example: continue…

• Example: continue… • [5] For MOC, response to paging in MTC, LU and IMSI attached/detached,

[5] For MOC, response to paging in MTC, LU and IMSI attached/detached, thus 4 RACH activities per sub per hour

attached/detached, thus 4 RACH activities per sub per hour NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /
attached/detached, thus 4 RACH activities per sub per hour NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Example: continue…

Analysis:

DL CCCH (PCH and AGCH) is the limiting factor The usage for PCH and AGCH is almost equal

factor • The usage for PCH and AGCH is almost equal NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng
factor • The usage for PCH and AGCH is almost equal NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Paging Capacity

Paging demand is a function of:

Number of MTC

Number of subscribers in the LAC

Paging repetition

• Number of subscribers in the LAC • Paging repetition NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02
• Number of subscribers in the LAC • Paging repetition NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Paging Capacity

PCH can be configured as combined or non-combined:

• Combined: both BCCH and SDCCH occupy the TS0

• 12 out of 51 slots per multiframe form 3 PCH/AGCH, each block consists of 4 slots

both BCCH and SDCCH occupy the TS0 • 12 out of 51 slots per multiframe form
multiframe form 3 PCH/AGCH, each block consists of 4 slots NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02
multiframe form 3 PCH/AGCH, each block consists of 4 slots NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Paging Capacity

PCH can be configured as combined or non-combined:

• Non-combined: BCCH occupies TS0 and SDCCH occupies TS1

• 36 out of 51 slots per multiframe form 9 PCH/AGCH, each block consists of 4 slots

multiframe form 9 PCH/AGCH, each block consists of 4 slots • Split of blocks between PCH

Split of blocks between PCH and AGCH: the available blocks in 51 multiframe is splitted between PCH and AGCH and it is set by parameter NumberOfBlocksForAccessGrant

AGCH and it is set by parameter NumberOfBlocksForAccessGrant NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
AGCH and it is set by parameter NumberOfBlocksForAccessGrant NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Paging Capacity

IMSI/TMSI paging:

• IMSI: 2 mobiles can be paged with each page message occupying 4 slots

• TMSI: 4 mobiles can be paged with each page message occupying 4 slots

Paging capacity calculation:

• PCH per second

• Paging capacity calculation: • PCH per second NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
• Paging capacity calculation: • PCH per second NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Paging Capacity

• Paging Capacity • What does the table mean? • CCCH can be used for both

What does the table mean?

CCCH can be used for both AGCH and PCH

Example for combined configuration, 3 CCCH blocks are available

If u reserve 0 blocks for AGCH, all 3 CCCH blocks will be used for PCH

If u reserve 2 blocks for AGCH, only 1 CCCH blocks will be used for PCH

2 blocks for AGCH, only 1 CCCH blocks will be used for PCH NOKIA BSSPAR ©
2 blocks for AGCH, only 1 CCCH blocks will be used for PCH NOKIA BSSPAR ©

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Paging Capacity

For combined BCCH:

• Paging Capacity • For combined BCCH: • Making sense out of the table: • Number

Making sense out of the table:

Number of MS that can be paged in a second:

• Depends on IMSI or TMSI paging and

• Number of blocks reserved for AG

IMSI or TMSI paging and • Number of blocks reserved for AG NOKIA BSSPAR © CL
IMSI or TMSI paging and • Number of blocks reserved for AG NOKIA BSSPAR © CL

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Paging Capacity

For combined BCCH:

Example: if u reserved 1 block for AG, then u have 2 blocks for PCH

If u decide TMSI paging, I.e. 4 MS can be paged with 1 block of PCH

Thus; (number of PCH blocks*number of pages per block)/(51*one TDMA frame period);

=(2*4) / (51*0.004615) = 34

34 MS can be paged in a second (using TMSI paging)

34 • 34 MS can be paged in a second (using TMSI paging) NOKIA BSSPAR ©
34 • 34 MS can be paged in a second (using TMSI paging) NOKIA BSSPAR ©

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Paging Capacity

For combined BCCH:

Access Grant vs Pages per second

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 NUmber of Pages per second
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
NUmber of Pages per
second

012

Number of AG Blocks

2 mobiles per page 3 mobiles per page 4 mobiles per page

2 mobiles per page

3 mobiles per page

4 mobiles per page

2 mobiles per page 3 mobiles per page 4 mobiles per page NOKIA BSSPAR © CL
2 mobiles per page 3 mobiles per page 4 mobiles per page NOKIA BSSPAR © CL

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Paging Capacity

For non-combined BCCH:

• Paging Capacity • For non-combined BCCH: • Making sense out of the table: • 3

Making sense out of the table:

• 3 blocks reserved for AG, remaining 6 blocks used for PCH

• Number of MS can be paged in a second (TMSI paging)

• = (6*3)/(51*0.004615) = 76 MS/second

(TMSI paging) • = (6*3)/(51*0.004615) = 76 MS/second NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
(TMSI paging) • = (6*3)/(51*0.004615) = 76 MS/second NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

CommonCommon ControlControl ChannelChannel LoadLoad

Paging Capacity

For non-combined BCCH:

• Paging Capacity • For non-combined BCCH:
Load Load • Paging Capacity • For non-combined BCCH: NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /
Load Load • Paging Capacity • For non-combined BCCH: NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 /

LocationLocation AreaArea DesignDesign

! Channel Configuration " Location Area Design ! Cell Radio Design ! BSC Parameters ! BTS Parameters ! Handover Control Parameters ! Power Control Parameters ! TRX parameters ! Adjacency Parameters ! MS Mobility Management

parameters ! Adjacency Parameters ! MS Mobility Management NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
parameters ! Adjacency Parameters ! MS Mobility Management NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

LocationLocation AreaArea DesignDesign

Location Area Size

What is Location Area?

A location area is an area in which MSs may roam without updating the location registers

A location area consists of one or more cells

What information you need?

Traffic model

What is next?

Calculate SDCCH traffic

Determine paging capacity

Calculate LA size (in term of number of cells)

• Calculate LA size (in term of number of cells) NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02
• Calculate LA size (in term of number of cells) NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02

LocationLocation AreaArea DesignDesign

Location Area Size--SDCCH traffic calculation

TCH blocking number of TRXs per cell total TSL

 

2.0%

 

4

32

 

TCH

30

 

sig-ch

2

cell traffic traffic per subscriber cell subscribers

21.9

0.025

 

876

call setup

 

SD reserve time for call setup SDCCH traffic cell SDCCH traffic

 

7

sec

0.001944 Erl 1.703333 Erl

traffic   7 sec 0.001944 Erl 1.703333 Erl NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP
traffic   7 sec 0.001944 Erl 1.703333 Erl NOKIA BSSPAR © CL Eng 6-Sep-02 / CTP

LocationLocation AreaArea DesignDesign

location update

SD reserve time for LU LU period per sub cell SDCCH traffic

7

sec

120

minutes

0.851667 Erl

sms

sms/sub SD reserve time for SMS sms traffic per sub cell SDCCH traffic

1

 

4

0.001 Erl 0.973333 Erl

IMSI attach/detach

IMSI de-attach/sub SD reserve time for IMSI de-attach IMSI traffic per sub cell SDCCH traffic