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Proposal for implementation of Bangalore Suburban Rail Project

Bangalore City accounts for 36% of urban population in Karnataka. Due to the citys eminent position in software and other ser ices sectors! there is continuous mo ement of people from hinterland of Bangalore City for the purpose of work! access to health and education etc. "he #o ernment of Karnataka ha e taken up the implementation of an ambitious metro pro$ect in order to ease congestion in Bangalore city. "he %tate #o ernment had also commissioned a comprehensi e mobility plan by &'s ()"*% for Bangalore city and metropolitan region to e+amine the future tra el demand! traffic pro$ections and to de elop strategies for urban transport sector for the region. "he comprehensi e traffic and transportation plan has recommended implementation of suburban rail etc pro$ect to connect Bangalore to cities like "umkur! Chickballapura! &andya which are 6, to -, Kms away from Bangalore. "he suburban railway pro$ect would help in easing congestion in Bangalore City as a large number of people from these cities commute to Bangalore e ery day. "he %tate #o ernment had also initiated a feasibility study by ()"*% to understand the capacity and constraints of the e+isting railway infrastructure and to suggest measures for augmenting the e+isting suburban network to cater to the potential demand. "he ()"*% report has made a comprehensi e assessment of e+isting supply! e+isting as well as potential demand. constraints in the e+isting network. institutional arrangements etc and found the implementation of Bangalore suburban rail pro$ect feasible.

Analyzing the demand and identifying the Suburban network:

/rom an analysis of tra el trends at arious stations in and around Bangalore! )( network that could ser e Bangalore commuters has been identified as under0 S"!o 1 3 3 7 6 6 4 #rom Bangalore Bangalore 5es antpur 5es antpur 5elahanka 5es antpur 5elahanka 5elahanka RS !etwork in Bangalore $o %istance &'m( &andya 23.44 5es antpur 6.36 "umkur 67.,, 5elahanka 13.76 Baiyyappanahalli 12.33 Baiyyappanahalli 16.13 Dodballapur 3,.-3 Chikballapur 76.,6

2 1, 11 "otal

Baiyyappanahalli Bangalore %olde anhalli

8osur Bangarapet Kunigal

74.62 -,.31 76.39 77,.4

9"his section is a part of Bangalore : 8asan new line under construction. Considering urbanisation in this area! this section is also considered for inclusion in C(% network.

; further analysis of the e+isting tra el pattern of rail commuters was done to identify the sectors with high demand. )*isting tra+el pattern of Bangalore rail commuters

Due to the uni<ue layout of the rail network within the central city area! and the many =hubs and the resultant =routes between the hubs and destinations in the metropolitan

region! the C(% rail network of 77,.4 Km belonging to the below se en corridors were identified for the study. 5>(?"K @5esh antpur ? "umkurA %BC?&5; @Bangalore City ? &andya and beyond A 5BK?DBC @5elahanka ? DodballapurA 5BK?CB> @5elahanka ? ChikballapurA B5>D?8%(; @Baiyyappanahalli ? 8osurA B5>D?BE" @Baiyyappanahalli ? BangarapetA %DFD : Kunigal @%olde anahalli : KunigalA (This line is presently under construction by IR)

;ccordingly! Demand for urban'suburban rail traffic was assessed in 3 scenarios0 Scenario I @Dow >atronage %cenarioA0 Basic C(% ser ices with ery low multimodal integration at stations0 1 Km catchment area and 1,% modal share of total trips. Scenario II @&edium >atronage %cenarioA0 /ull?fledged C(% ser ices but with low multimodal integration0 3 Km catchment area and 3,% modal share of total trips. Scenario III @8igh >atronage %cenarioA0 /ull?fledged C(% ser ices but with good multimodal integration0 6 Km catchment area and 3,% modal share of total trips.

"hus! e en in the most conser ati e scenario! the demand when compared to the e+isting supply position indicates that the present supply is able to cater to only 3,% of commuter demand of 3,11.

Assessment of e*isting infrastructure:

)t is seen that the Bangalore terminal @Bangalore City (ailway %tationA is constrained in such a manner that it is not in a position to effecti ely handle a ma$or delay in arri al or departure of e en a single train. >resently! Bangalore City (ailway %tation has 1, platforms! 6 pit lines! 4 stabling lines and few other lanes. "he 1, platforms are fully occupied and there is a constraint in dealing with additional trains. "here is a re<uirement to construct at least 3 additional platforms for impro ing the capacity of the Bangalore City (ailway %tation. Die?o ers and engine re ersals are other problems faced by the Bangalore City (ailway %tation. 63 out of 46 engine re ersals trains that used in the Bangalore City (ailway %tation face engine re ersals. "here is a necessity to create additional terminal capacity so that acti ities like maintenance of rakes etc. happen preferably elsewhere. "here is also a need to re?structure the station layout so that the platforms could be capable of uni ersal receipt and despatch of trains. Because of the constraints in Bangalore City (ailway %tation! new trains that are being introduced are either running short of Bangalore or are accommodated by making some other e+isting trains terminating short of Bangalore. "here are at least 6 trains which should ideally terminate at City (ailway %tation but are terminating short of Bangalore. "he ne+t important terminal is 5esha anthapura terminal which deals with 42 passenger and e+press trains. "here is a need to construct pit lanes so as to impro e the terminal capacity of 5esha anthapura. )n addition! additional terminals will ha e to be de eloped. %ome of the terminals which could be upgraded are Bayyappanahalli! 8e$$ala and Banasa adi etc. "here is also necessity to a oid criss?cross mo ement of trains by construction of flyo ers where er it is feasible. )n addition! automatic signalling is needed to ensure optimum utilisation of the e+isting track capacities.

Salient features of the Bangalore Suburban rail Project:

;ppreciating the importance of the Bangalore city railway station in the scheme of things! the %tate #o ernment has taken a decision to initiate the ac<uisition of acant Binny &ill land which is contiguous to the railway station so that it could be used for construction

of platforms and for shifting of pit lanes. "hus! impro ing the capacity of Bangalore city railway station and other important stations is an important feature of the proposed pro$ect. "he pro$ect also includes electrification and doubling of stretches which are yet to be tackled by the )ndian (ailways. )t is proposed to introduce *&C rakes as their capacity is 31% more D*&C'&*&C.. "hus! the %tate #o ernment is keen on taking up Bangalore %uburban (ail >ro$ect not only because it helps in dispersal of traffic from Bangalore through sustainable modes but also help in impro ing the capacity of the e+isting railway infrastructure. "he feasibility report prepared by &'s. ()"*% has recommended implementation of the pro$ect in three phases. >hase 10 %ections where the suburban demand high i.e. constitutes about two thirds of the demand. >hase 30 ;ll balance sections. >hase 30 ;dditional halts on %(% network and to increase *&C rake lengths from 2 cars to 16 cars. ; portion of the phase : 1@ phase ?1;A is proposed to be taken for immediate implementation and it includes electrification of some stretches. automatic signalling. facilities at terminals! rolling stock etc. >hase 1; is aimed at implementation of additional ser ices along the corridors with a ailable capacity due to doubling. "he identified corridors under >hase 1; are as follows0 Bangalore ? &ysore %ector Bangalore ? Bangarapet %ector Bangalore ? "umkur %ector /or the Bangalore?&ysore and Bangalore?Bangarapet %ector! the following impro ements ha e been proposed for implementation of ser ices along the corridor with a total cost estimate of (s. 1-3 crores /ew of the acti ities proposed for immediate implementation are0 o >rocurement of 6 &*&C rakes0 o &aking %BC : BBC into twin single line system and BBC?B5>D automatic signalling @or )BA0 o De elopment of 7 pit lines at B5>DB0

(s. (s. (s.

1,6 Cr 4 Cr 7, Cr

o De elopment of 3 additional pit lines at 5>(0


3, Cr

&*&C rakes can be run on electrified double line sections i.e. %BC?BE" and %BC?&5; sectors. 37 ser ices can be run with the proposed facilities which gi e good relief to the commuting public. "he Bangalore ? "umkur %ector is double line which needs electrification and automatic signalling of lines with additional impro ements to run *&Cs and also maintenance shed for the &*&Cs and *&Cs with a total cost estimate of around (s. --crores. Eith the implementation of >hase 1; with an estimate cost of (s.26, crores would to cater to around 6 lakhs commuters i.e. 77 % of estimated rail suburban demand in 3,31. "he cost of the phase ?1 is estimated to be (s. 26, crores. "he pro$ect cost of all three phases is estimated to be (s 4-62 crores. )t is e+pected that at the end of implementation of phase? 1;! about si+ lakh trips would be generated on suburban rail and after the implementation of all the phases! the number of trips generated would be twenty fi e lakhs.

Proposal to Indian Railways

"he %tate #o ernment has been re<uesting the &inistry of (ailways to appro e the implementation of suburban rail system for Bangalore on the lines of similar initiati es in 8yderabad and Chennai. "he feasibility report of ()"*% pointed out that the e+isting suburban railway ser ices cater to 1.4 lakh trips whereas the e+isting demand is estimated at 3.3 lakh trips "he report has also pro$ected that the future demand for suburban railway ser ices would be to the tune of 13.6 lakh trips in 3,31 and 3,.3 lakh trips in 3,31. "he feasibility report has recommended implementation of Bangalore suburban railway pro$ect in 3 phases. >hase 1 is further di ided into phase 1; and >hase 1 for ease of implementation. "he feasibility report has highlighted the fact that there are capacity constrains in Bangalore and 5eshwantpur railway stations which also need to be addressed not $ust for the sake of suburban rail pro$ect but also for impro ing turn o er time of trains using the e+isting stations. "he report has also recommended in estment in automatic signalling and doubling and electrification of tracks which are yet to be tackled. "he %tate #o ernment has already initiated action for the preparation of detailed pro$ect report for phase 1; of the pro$ect. "he %tate #o ernment has also decided to form a Bangalore %uburban (ail Company Dimited for the implementation of suburban railway pro$ect. "he formation of the Company is under way. "he %tate #o ernment has also decided to ac<uire the Binny &ill land for the suburban rail pro$ect as well as for decongesting the Bangalore City railway %tation. "he %tate has been ery proacti e in

pro iding assistance for railway pro$ects. (s 12,, crores ha e been spent so far for the railway pro$ects and more than 36,, acres of land has been transferred to )ndian (ailways in the last three years. "he fruitful relationship between the %tate and the )ndian (ailways is proposed to be strengthened further with the implementation of Bangalore suburban rail pro$ect. /ile has been submitted to honourable Chief &inister with a re<uest to send formal proposal to )ndian (ailways as follows "he &inistry of (ailways is re<uested to0 ,i+e its in principle appro+al for participating in the project ontribute to the e.uity of the Bangalore Suburban Railway /imited ommit to contribute 012 of project cost and to implement the project in collaboration with the State ,o+ernment" ompany