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LECTIA 6 ADVERBUL

A. Forma. 1. unele adverbe sunt cuvinte inde endente ! often, when?, now, very, soon, always" #arie often san$ in t%e c%oir. &. unele adverbe au aceeasi 'orma cu ad(ectivele ! daily, early, fast, low, straight, well, back, enough, far, little, long, pretty, near, wrong, still, short, late, high, left, right, hard. Com arati" T%e doctor drove fast. Fast 'ood is o ular )it% teena$ers. *ulie called daily. +ur daily routine is demandin$. *im )or,s rett- hard. I love %er pretty 'ace. .. unele adverbe /in s ecial cele de mod si $rad0 se 'ormea1a adau$and ad(ectivelor terminatia -ly" kind, kindly slow, slowly careful, carefully happy, happily simple, simply automatic, automatically 2+TA" Unele cuvinte terminate in -ly sunt ad(ective /nu adverbe30" lonely, lovely, likely, friendly, ugly, silly. T%is is suc% an ugly car3 B. +rto$ra'ie. a. y 'inal se sc%imba in -i" merr-4 merril- /E5CE6TIE" s%-4 s%-l-0 b. -e 'inal se astrea1a" )ise4 )isel- /E5CE6TIE" true4 trul-0 c. daca se termina in consoana + le4 -e dis are si se adau$a -y" $entle4 $entld. cuvintelor terminate in -ic li se adau$a -ally" scienti'ic4 scienti'icall/E5CE6TIE" ublic4 ublicl-0 C. To ica ! to ica adverbelor varia1a4 ea de in1and in rimul rand de ti ul de adverbe 'olosit. E7ista trei o1itii de ba1a" 1. la ince ut ! inainte de subiect" Unfortunately4 I couldn8t identi'- t%e t%ie'. &. la s'arsit ! du a com lement4 sau daca nu e7ista4 imadiat du a verb" T%at -oun$ man li,es #elanie very much. Ale7andra )as )or,in$ hard. 2+TA" 2u lasati niciodata un adverb intre verb si com lement. I drin, co''ee slo)l-. I drin, slo)l- co''ee.

.. la mi(loc" 9e usuall- comes 'or tea. /inainte de verbul rinci al0 :%e is al)a-s smilin$. /du a verbul be0 T%e- %ave rarel- come to visit. /du a rimul verb au7iliar0 *onat%an could seldom tele %one us. /du a rimul verb modal0 ;e certainl- %ave to be more care'ul. /inainte de used to, have to, ought to0 D. Ti uri de adverbe. 1. Adverbe de mod ! kindly, easily, well, happily, fast, carefully, secretly, beautifully, reluctantly, foolishly, badly etc. 6avarotti san$ beautifully. Terr- s o,e : anis% slowly. 2+TA" Adverbele re'eritoare la c%aracter sau inteli$enta / foolishly, generously, sweetly, kindly, stupidly etc.0 isi sc%imba sensul in 'unctie de o1itie. I stupidly re lied. /< It )as stu id o' me to re l-.0 I re lied stupidly. /< I $ave a stu id re l-.0 &. Adverbe de loc ! here, up, abroad, out, outside, in, away, everywhere, somewhere, nowhere, there etc. T%e- )ent everywhere. T%e Cra)'ords are sendin$ t%eir dau$%ter abroad. 2+TA" Adverbele de loc 'unctionea1a adesea si ca re o1itii. *oe ran down t%e stairs. .. Adverbe de timp ! yesterday, now, afterward, still, soon, eventually, recently, then, today, at once, till, tomorrow, since then etc. Tomorrow )e )ill be$in t%e ne7t lesson. T%e %olida- be$an yesterday. 2+TA" De obicei4 adverbele au urmatoarea ordine" MOD LOC TIMP. T%e bab- sle t well yesterday. ;e8ll $o there tomorrow. #ar, )or,ed hard at school last year. =. Adverbe de frecventa ! always, usually, never, hardly ever, often, twice, once, continually, seldom, rarely, periodically etc. Dictators usually live in 'ear. Repeatedly4 t%e students made t%e same mista,e. +ur c%ildren )al, to sc%ool every morning. >. Adverbe de opinie ! personally, obviously, frankly, certainly, luckily, actually, probably, definitely, surely etc. ?ou obviously li,e i11a.

Frankly4 I don8t li,e %im ver- muc%. 6. Adverbe de grad ! fairly, quite, hardly, too, almost, pretty, rather, barely, completely, enough, nearly, really, just, even, very etc. 9e is entirely ri$%t. T%e %orses $allo ed very 'ast. #- stea, isn8t bi$ enough. I li,ed %im a lot. @. Adverbe interogative ! when?, where?, why?, how? When did t%e- send t%e letterA Where is %e $oin$A Why is Cind- cr-in$A How do -ou s ell -our nameA ATE2TIE3 Farther / farthest se re'era numai la distanta. 9e ran farther t%an lanned. Further / furthest se re'era la $rad. 9e inBuired further into t%e matter.

E5ERCITII
1. 6uneti cuvintele de mai (os in ordinea corecta. 1. /-esterda-4 a)a-0 #orit14 our cat4 ran CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. &. /last ni$%t4 t%e $uitar4 at t%e concert4 beauti'ull-0 Ale7andra la-ed CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. .. /in lab class4 a 'ro$4 tomorro)0 T%e students )ill dissect CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. =. /%ard4 soon4 %ere0 I8m sure it8s $oin$ to rain CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. >. /an$ril-4 %im4 last ni$%t0 T%e s ea,er ans)ered CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. 6. /since 1D@@4 %ere0 Teresa %as been livin$ CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. &. Ase1ati aceste $ru uri de adverbe in o1itia corecta. 1. :and- $lanced around t%e room. /'urtivel-0 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. &. 9e ,ne) t%at 2ed %ad %idden t%e letter in t%e room. /some)%ere4 -esterda-0 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. .. :%e o ened t%e bo7 and loo,ed. /so'tl-4 inside0 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. =. *im )as redictable. /usuall-4 ver-0 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC.

>. A%4 it )as3 /t%ere0 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. 6. I )ould %ave c%osen to %ide t%e letter. / ersonall-4 else)%ere0 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. @. But s%e 'elt relieved t%at it %ad been eas-. /actuall-4 so0 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. E. :%e %eard 'ootste s comin$. /suddenl-4 u stairs0 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. D. C%ristie t%ou$%t. /Buic,l-4 ver-0 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. 1F. :%ould s%e %ideA /)%ere0 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC. .. Ase1ati adverbele de mai (os in coloana cores un1atoare. insistently, quite, surely, usually, silently, always, never, vaguely, overseas, today, well, too, fast, outside, everywhere, recently, enough, so, very, soon, even, carefully, up, almost, fiercely, abroad, angrily, fairly, obviously, seldom, downstairs, yesterday, nowhere, here, foolishly Manner Place Time re!"ency Opinion Degree