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PRIST UNIVERSITY

(Estd. u/s 3 of UGC Act, 1956)


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12271H12 A2VANCE2 2IGITA6 SIGNA6 PR.CESSING 6TPC 31*)
UNIT I 2ISCRETE RAN2.+ SIGNA6 PR.CESSING
Discrete Random Processes-, Autocorrelation and Auto covariance matrices. Parseval's
Theorem, Wiener - hintchine Relation- Po!er "#ectral Densit$-Periodo%ram -,
Parameter estimation& 'ias and consistenc$.
UNIT II SPECTRU+ ESTI+ATI.N
(on-Parametric )ethods-*orrelation )ethod, Periodo%ram +stimator, Per,ormance
Anal$sis o, +stimators -.n/iased *onsistent +stimators-0 'artlett, 'lac1man -Tu1e$
method.
Parametric )ethods - AR, )A, and AR)A model /ased s#ectral estimation.
UNIT III 6INEAR ESTI+ATI.N AN2 PRE2ICTI.N
2inear #rediction- 3or!ard and /ac1!ard #redictions, - 2evinson-Dur/in al%orithms.
2east mean s4uared error criterion -Wiener ,ilter ,or ,ilterin% and #rediction, 35R
Wiener ,ilter and Wiener 55R ,ilters, Discrete alman ,ilter
UNIT IV A2APTIVE 9I6TERS

35R ada#tive ,ilters -ada#tive ,ilter /ased on stee#est descent method-Widro!-Ho,,
2)" ada#tive al%orithm Ada#tive recursive ,ilters 655R7. R2" ada#tive ,ilters-
+8#onentiall$ !ei%hted R2"-slidin% !indo! R2".
UNIT V +U6TIRATE 2IGITA6 SIGNA6 PR.CESSING

)athematical descri#tion o, chan%e o, sam#lin% rate - 5nter#olation and Decimation,
Decimation /$ an inte%er ,actor - 5nter#olation /$ an inte%er ,actor, 3ilter
im#lementation ,or sam#lin% rate conversion- A##lication to su/ /and codin% and
3ilter /an1 im#lementation o, !avelet e8#ansion o, si%nals.
RE9ERENCES5
1. )onson H.Ha$es, "tatistical Di%ital "i%nal Processin% and )odelin%, 9ohn
Wile$ and "ons, 5nc., "in%a#ore, 2::2.
2. 9ohn ;. Proa1is, Dimitris ;.)anola1is, Di%ital "i%nal Processin% Pearson
+ducation, 2::2.
<. 9ohn ;. Proa1is et.al.,=Al%orithms ,or "tatistical "i%nal Processin%=, Pearson
+ducation, 2::2.
>. Dimitris ;.)anola1is et.al.,="tatistical and ada#tive si%nal Processin%=,
)c;ra! Hill, (e!$or1,2:::.
UNIT I
PART - A
1. "tate Wiener-hintchine relationshi#.
2. *alculate the P"D o, ?ero mean ;aussian !hite noise.
<. De,ine Parseval=s ener%$ theorem.
>. 2ist out the conditions ,or a random #rocess to /e !ide sense stationar$.
@. "tate Parseval=s Theorem.
A. What is the condition ,or a #eriod%ram is as$m#toticall$ un/iasedB
7. De,ine the term #eriodo%ram
C. What is autocorrelation ,unctionB
PART - 0
1. "tate and #rove !iener - 1hintechine relation.
2. *om#ute the #o!er s#ectral densit$ o, the se4uence R6n7 D 61,<7
<. +8#lain a/out consistent estimate and #eriodo%ram /ias.
>. "tate and #rove s#ectral ,actori?ation theorem.
@. Derive necessar$ e4uations and e8#lain the al%orithm o, Decimation in time 3ast
3ourier Trans,orm !ith relevant si%nal ,lo! %ra#h.
A. +8#lain a/out /ias and consistenc$ in #eriodo%ram
7. "tate and #rove Parseval=s theorem
C. *om#ute the autocorrelation and #o!er s#ectral densit$ ,or the si%nal
86t7D cos62E,ctFG7 !here and ,c are constants. G is a random varia/le !hich is
uni,orml$ distri/uted over the interval 6-E, E7
UNIT II
PART - A
1. Write the /ias e4uation o, modi,ied Periodo%ram.
2. *om#are AR, )A and AR)A models !ith res#ect to com#le8it$.
<. *lassi,$ the non -#arametric method o, s#ectral estimation.
>. Determine the ,re4uenc$ resolution o, the 'artlett method o, #o!er s#ectrum.
@. Write do!n the /ias e4uation o, modi,ied #eriodo%ram.
A. *om#are the #ro#erties o, #eriodo%ram and modi,ied #eriodo%ram
7. De,ine the term D3T in s#ectral estimation.
C. What are the limitation o, non - #arametric methods ,or #o!er s#ectrum
+stimation.
PART - 0
1. Derive the mean and variance o, #o!er s#ectral estimation usin% the 'arlett method.
2. ;ive the e8#ression ,or #o!er s#ectral estimatiom o, Auto re%ressive #rocess
<. +8#lain the mean and variance o, 'lac1man and Tu1e$ method.
>. ;ive the e8#ression ,or #o!er s#ectral estimatiom o, )ovin% avera%e #rocess.
@. +8#lain the mean and variance o, #eriodo%ram /$ derivin% necessar$ e4uation
A. +8#lain the Auto re%ressive movin% avera%e #rocess !ith #ro#er e4uation
7. ;ive the various ste#s involved in the #arameter estimation #rocess
+ HP
( )
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1
1
1
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1

+
1
1
1
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1

+
+
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2 1 sin
___ __________
2 1 sin
2
2 sin
___ __________
2 sin
1 > 7I 2 6 7 1 6
f f N
N f f
f f N
N f fi
x f Pxx f xx

C. Write the e8#ression ,or #o!er s#ectral estimation o, modi,ied avera%e #erido%ram
UNIT III
PART - A
1. Ho! Wiener ,ilter can /e modi,ied as linear #redictorB
2. ;ive the order u#date e4uation.
<. De,ine /ac1!ard #rediction error.
>. What are the t!o al%orithms ,or solvin% the normal e4uationB
@. De,ine mathematicall$ ,or!ard #rediction error ,ilter.
A. Distin%uish /et!een 55R and 55R Wiener ,ilter.
7. What is the need ,or ada#tivit$B
C. ;ive some e8am#les o, a##lication !here ada#tive ,ilterin% is used
PART -0
1. Derive Wiener-Ho# e4uation and ))"+ ,or the %eneral 35R Wiener ,ilter
2. +8#lain the a##lication o, Wiener ,ilter ,or noise cancellation !ith suita/le dia%ram
<. 2istout the advanta%es and a##lication o, alman ,ilter.
>. .se 2eveinson-Dur/in al%orithm to solve the normal e4uation recursivel$ ,or the m-
ste# ,or!ard and /ac1!ard #redictors.
@. Derive ))"W and s$stem ,unction ,or 55R !iener ,ilter.
A. +8#lain ho! the Jule-Wal1er e4uations can /e solved usin% 2evinson-Dur/in
al%orithm
7. With suita/le model and assum#tion, esta/lish that Weiner ,ilters are desi%ned /ased
on the criterion o, minimi?in% the mean s4uare error
C. .sin% ))"+ criterion derive the e8#ression ,or o#timal ,ilter co-e,,icient
UNIT IV
PART - A
1. Wh$ 2)" is normall$ #re,erred over R2"B
2. What is the relationshi# /et!een the orders o, the ,ilter !ith the ste# si?e in 2)"
ada#tive ,ilterB
<. "#eci,$ the set o, rules ,or chan%in% the ste# si?e in 2)" al%orithm
>. What are the t$#es o, R2" al%orithmB
@. *om#are 2)" and R)" al%orithm
A. What are the ste#s involved in 2)" al%orithm
7. What are the advanta%es and disadvanta%es o, 2)" al%orithmB
C. What are the ste#s involved in !ei%hted R2" al%orithmB
K. What is the e8#ression ,or minimum error in ))"+ criterion
PART -0
1. +8#lain in detail the 2)" al%orithm ,or direct 35R ,ilter
2. ;ive com#lete discussion on ho! 2)" al%orithm is conver%in% !ith necessar$
e4uations and dia%rams
<. Write a detailed account on an$ t!o a##lications o, ada#tive ,ilters
>. +8#lain ada#tive ,ilterin% usin% stee#est descent method
@. +8#lain the need ,or ada#tive channel e4uali?ation in di%ital communication
A. "ummari?e the ste#s involved in stee#est descent al%orithm
7. +8#lain the ,ollo!in%&
6i7 Ada#tive e4uali?ation 6ii7 +cho cancellation
C. Derive the mean s4uare error in R2" al%orithm !ith o#timi?ation
UNIT V
PART - A
1. What is inter#olationB
2. What is the need ,or multi rate si%nal #rocessin%B
<. De,ine decimation and inter#olation
>. What is the #rinci#le o, su/ /and codin%B
@. Wh$ #ol$ #hase ,ilters are named soB
A. Dra! an$ one o, the no/le identit$ o, an inter#olator
7. What is su/-/and codin%B ;ive a##lications
C. Dra! the direct ,orm reali?ation o, 35R ,ilter in inter#olation /$ a ,actor 5
PART -0
1. +8#lain the inter#olation #rocess !ith an e8am#le
2. +8#lain a/out su/-/and codin% !ith necessar$ dia%rams
<. Detailed the decimation #rocess !ith an e8am#le
@. +8#lain ho! ,ilter /an1s are related !ith !avelet e8#ansion o, the si%nal
A. *onsider a decimater !ith do!n sam#lin% ,actor < and a 12
th
order ,ilter. A,ter
derivin% necessar$ e4uations dra! the structure o, the decimator !ith the derived
#ol$ #hase ,ilters.
7. +8#lain in detail the #rocess o, decimation /$ a ,actor D and inter#olation /$ a
,actor 5
C. +8#lain the desi%n o, #ol$ #hase ,ilter in sam#lin% rate conversion