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ASYOULIKEITSHAKESPEARE Act1Scene1

Q1:Readtheextractandanswerthefollowing. Orlando:AsIremember,Adam,,itwasuponthisfashion:(he)bequeathedmebywillbutpoora thousandcrowns,and,asthousayestchargedmybrother,onhisblessing,tobreedmewell:andthere beginsmysadness. 1.WhoisAdam?Howisherelatedtothebrother? Ans:AdamisanoldfamilyservantofSirRowlanddeBoys.Hehadbeenafaithfulandhonestservantfor manyyears. HereferredtohereisSirRowlanddeBoys.ThebrothermentionedbyOrlandoishiselderbrother Oliver,SirRowlanddeBoyseldestson. 2.WhatdoesOrlandomeanbysayingtherebeginsmysadness? Ans:SirRowlanddeBoyshadgrantedonethousandcrownstoOrlandobywill.HehadgivenOliverthe responsibilitytolookafterOrlando.Despitethis,Oliverdeniedhimhispartofthewillandthus,he deprivedOrlandooftheplaceofabrother,ofeducation,andofaproperliving.So,Orlandodidnot growupwiththeloveofabrother. 3.WhatarethegrievancesOrlandopointsouttoAdam? Ans:OrlandocomplainedtoAdamthatOliverhadbeencrueltohimandhadkepthimlikeapeasant. OliverdeniedOrlandohisrightfuleducationandtraininginspiteofbeingofnoblebirth.Hislifewasno betterthanthatofanox.HealsothatOlivershorseswerebredbetterandthatthetrainerswerepaid wellwhereasOrlandogainednothingbutphysicalgrowth.Heseemedtolosehisnaturalabilities.He wasforcedtofeedwiththefarmlabourers.OliverdidnottreatOrlandolashisbrotherbutlikeaslave. 4.HowdoesOrlandofeelaboutthegrievancesandwhatdoesheplan? Ans:Orlandodeclaredthathecouldnotbeartheinjusticeofhisbrothertowardshimanymore.Hewas furiousabouthisupbringingasafarmlabourer.Hisnaturewasmorelikehisfathers.Hewasbrave, strong,fearlessandnoble.Hefeltthathisfathersvirtuousandgentlespiritwithinhimwasreadyto revoltagainstOliversilltreatment.Hecouldnottoleratetheservileconditionanymorealthoughhedid nothaveapracticalplantoendit.

5.WhoenteredjustafterthisconversationanddescribewhathappenedbetweenhimandOrlando. Ans:Oliverenteredjustafterthisconversation.OliverrebukedOrlandofornotbeingworthyofany work.OrlandoaccusedOliveroftheunfairtreatmentmetedouttohim.Atthis,OliverstrokeOrlando, butOrlando,beingstrongerthanOliver,heldhiminawrestlersgrip.OrlandothreatenedOliverthathe wouldnotletgounlessOliverwouldpromisetotakepropercareofhimorgavehimthethousand crownshehadinherited.Atthisjuncture,OliveragreedtopayandOrlandolefthim. Q2:Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Orlando:Iamnovillain;IamtheyoungestsonofSirRowlanddeboys;hewasmyfatherandheisthrice avillainthatsayssuchafatherbegotvillains.Wertthounotmybrother,Iwouldnottakethishandfrom thythroattillthisotherhadpulledoutthytongueforsayingso:thouhastrailedonthyself. 1.Whoisthepersontowhomtheselinesarespokento?Whoelseispresentthere?Wherearethey? Ans:TheabovelinesarespokentoOliver,theenviousbrotherofOrlando. Adam,thefaithfulfamilyservantisalsopresentthere. TheyareinanorchardnearOlivershouse. 2.WhatkindofrelationdoesOrlandosharewithhisbrother?Why?

Ans:OliveristheeldestsonofSirRowlandDeBoys.Hewasentrustedwiththedutyofupbringingofhis brotherOrlando,inwhichhefailed.OliverdeniedOrlandoseducationandthethousandcrownsgiven tohimbyhisfather.Oliverwasjealousandwicked,thusOrlandosufferedatthehandsofhisenvious brother.OliverhadnorespectorloveforOrlando. OliverhatedOrlandobecauseofhisvirtuesandgoodnessthatmadehimpopularandlovedbyall.His goodqualitieswereathreattoOliverwhowasgreedyandselfish. 3.Explainthecircumstanceswhichledtotheabovesituation. Ans:OlivercompelledOrlandotolivearusticlife.Orlandohadsufferedforlong.Heplannedtorebel againsthismaliciousbrotherwhohadnottreatedhimasagentlemanofnoblebirth.Orlando demandedhisinheritancesothathecouldsetoutonhisown.ButOliverhadapersonalgrudgetowards Orlandoanddidnotagreetohisdemands.Instead,hestrokeOrlandoinanger.Orlandoheldhimina wrestlersgripandOliverretaliatedbycallinghimavillain. 4.Whotriestointervene?Whatdoeshesay? Ans:Adamtriestointervene.HeistheoldfamilyservantofSirRowlanddeBoys,andisfaithfulto Orlando. Adamsaysthatthebrothersshouldmakepeacebetweeneachotherforthesakeoftheirhonourable father. 5.WhatdoesOrlandoaccusehisbrotherofjustaftertheextract?Howdoesheshowthatthespiritof hisfathergrowsstronginhim? Ans:OrlandoaccusedOliverthatheneverfulfilledhisresponsibilityandneglectedOrlandosupbringing. HehadbeentreatedlikeafarmlabourerandOliverhadhinderedthegrowthofgentlemanlikequalities inOrlando. Orlandowouldnolongerbeartheunfairtreatmentmetedouttohim.SirRowlandDeBoyswasnoble andhonourableandOrlandowouldnotletdownthistemperamentwhichhealsopossessed.

Q3:Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Charles:Goodmorrowtoyourworship. Oliver:GoodMonsieurCharles,whatsthenewnewsatthenewcourt? 1.WhoisCharles?WhobringshimintomeetOliver?Wherearethey? Ans:CharlesisthecourtwrestlertoDukeFrederick. Dennis,theservanttoOliverbringshimthere. TheyareinanorchardnearOlivershouse. 2.WhatoldnewsdoesCharlesgivetoOliver? Ans:CharlesreportedthattheoldDukeSeniorhadbeenbanishedbyhisyoungerbrother,thenew Duke.ThreeorfourloyallordshadvoluntarilygonewiththeDuke.Asaresult,thelandandrevenuesof thoselordsbecamethepropertyofthenewDuke. 3.WhatwerethethreeotherquestionswhichOliveraskedCharles? Ans:OliveraskedifRosalind,theDukesdaughterhadbeenbanishedtoo,thesecondquestionwas abouttheDukeastowherewouldheliveduringhisbanishment.Lastly,Oliverenquiredwhether CharleswouldwrestlebeforethenewDukeFrederick. 4.WhyhasCharlescometomeetOliver? Ans:AwrestlingboutwastotakeplacebetweenCharlesandOrlando.Charleswasthechampioncourt wrestler.Itisrevealedherethathewasvainyetkind.HecametomeetOlivertoaskhimtodissuade Orlandofromthewrestlingmatch.HewasunawarethatOliverhadagrudgeagainstOrlando.Hewas afraidthatOrlandobeinginexperienced,wouldbebadlyinjuredduringthefight.HenotifiedOliverthat hewouldfightforhiscreditandwouldhavenomercyonhisopponent. 5.HowdoesOliverrevealhiswickednessduringhisconversationwithCharles? Ans:Oliversmaliciouscharacterisrevealedhere.Hewasmeanmindedandenvioustowardshisnoble mindedyoungerbrotherOrlando.OliverslanderedhimandincitedCharlesthewrestler.His contemptuousattitudeisrevealedwhenhewantedOrlandotogetkilledbythechampionwrestler.He provokedCharlesagainstOrlando,andalsowarnedCharlesthatifheunderestimatedhisopponent,it wouldprovemurderousforhim. Q4:Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Oliver:Illtellthee,Charles,itisthestubbornestyoungfellowofFrance;fullofambition,anenvious emulatorofeverymansgoodparts,asecretandvillainouscontriveragainstme,hisnaturalbrother: thereforeusethydiscretion. 1.WhereareOliverandCharlesnow?WhoisthestubbornestyoungfellowofFrance? Ans:OliverandCharlesareinanorchardnearOlivershouse. OrlandoisthestubbornestfellowofFrance,accordingtohisbrotherOrlando.

2.Whatistherealtruthaboutthepersonspokenabout? Ans:Orlandoisthepersonspokenofhere.Heishumble,generousandpopular.Oliverisjealousof Orlando,andhisavariceledhimtoslanderhim.Oliverutterssheerliesabouthisyoungerbrother. Oliverisgreedyandpowerhungry,soOrlandosgentlemanlikequalitiesareathreattohim.He conspiresagainstOrlandosecretlyandwantshimtobekilled. 3.Explainthemeaningof

1) anrnviousemulator 2) avillainouscontriver Ans:Anenviousemulatormeansajealousrival.Orlandoisbeingreferredtoasajealousrivalof amansgoodqualities. Avillainouscontrivermeansawickedplotter.ThishasagainbeenusedforOrlandobyhis brother. 4.HowdoesOliverdescribehisnaturalbrothertoCharles? Ans:OlivertreatedhisnaturalbrotherOrlandowithcontempt.HeslanderedabouthimtoCharlesand incitedCharlesagainstOrlando.OliverwarnedCharlesthatOrlandowasthestubbornestyoungfellowof FranceandwasdeterminedtokillCharles.HissecretattemptstodissuadeOrlandohadfailed.Heliedto CharlesthatOrlandowasoverambitious,ajealousrivalandaconspirer.Charlesshouldnottreat OrlandowithhonourduringthewrestlingmatchbecauseOrlandowouldretaliateandkillCharles.He wentontosaythatifOrlandostruecharacterwasrevealedindetail,thenCharleswouldbehorrified andOliverwouldbeintears. 5.AccordingtoOliver,whyshouldCharlesbeafraidofthepersonspokenof?Howfarishecorrect abouthiswarning?

Ans:Charles,thewrestleriswarnedbyOliverthatOrlandowouldtakeanyopportunitytoshowhis wrestingskillsanddefeatCharles.IfCharlesunderestimatedhimandOrlandoremainedalive,thenin somewayortheother,OrlandowouldgetCharleskilledinasecretwayorpoisonhim. Orlandoispartiallycorrectabouthiswarning.Orlandowaspowerful,strongandresolute.Hewouldwin theboutofwrestlingwhetheritwasCharlesoranyoneelsebutOliverliedtoCharlesaboutOrlandothat hewouldmurderCharlesifheremainedalive. Q5:Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Oliver:NowwillIstirthisgamester.IhopeIshallseeanendofhim;formysoul,yetIknownotwhy, hatesnothingmorethanhe. 1.Towhomaretheabovelinesspokento?Whoisthegamester?Whohasjustleft? Ans:TheaboveextractisOliverssoliloquyintheplay. Orlandoisthegamester.Charlesthecourtwrestlerhasjustleft. 2.WhydoesOliverwishtoseeanendofhim? Ans:Oliversuffersfromavarice,maliceandjealousy,andhateshisbrotherOrlando.Orlandoismore popularandislovedbythepeople.HisnobilityandgenerosityareathreattoOliver.Nothingwouldbe betterforOliverthantoseethedeathofOlrlandoatthewrestlingmatchthefollowingday.

3.ListoutthreegoodqualitiesofthepersonspokenaboutinthisextractastoldbyOliver. Ans:Inthissoliloquy,OlivehighlightsthatOrlandowasnoteducatedyetlearned,gentle,nobleandso muchmorepopularamonghispeople. 4.Oliverscharacterisrevealedinthisscene.Discuss. Ans:OliverwastheeldestofthethreesonsofSirRowlanddeBoys.HewasenviousofOrlando.Heill treatedOrlandoanddidnoteducatehim.Hewasselfishandunjustandhadnointentionofgivingthe thousandcrownsallottedtoOrlandobyhisfather.HetreatedtheoldfamilyservantAdamwith disrespect.HewasslanderousandattemptedtogetOrlandokilled. 5.WhicheventhasbeenhintedatbyOliver?Whatpromisedidthepersonwholeftbeforetheextract maketoOliver? OliverhintedatthewrestlingboutwhichwastotakeplacebeforethenewDukeFrederick.Charleshad beenconvincinglypersuadedbyOlivertokillOrlando.Charlespromisedthatafterhisbout,Orlando wouldnotbeabletowalkwithouthelpandifsuchwasnot,Charleswouldgiveuphisprofession.

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Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Celia:HereinIseethoulovestmenotwiththefullweightthatIlovethee.Ifmyuncle,thybanished father,hadbanishedthyuncle,theduke,myfather,sothouhadstbeenstillwithme,Icouldhavetaught mylovetotakethyfatherformine:sowouldstthou,ifthetruthofthylovetomeweresorighteously temperedasmineistothee. 1. WhereisCeliaandwithwhom?Whoisthebanishedfatherandtheuncle? Ans:CeliaisinagardeninfrontoftheDukespalace.SheiswithRosalind,hercousinandDukeSeniors daughter.Rosalindsfather,DukeSenioristhebanishedfatherspokenofhereandCeliasfather,Duke Frederickistheunclewhohasbeenmentionedhere. 2. WhydoesCeliaspeaktheselines?Whatisthemoodofthepersontowhomtheselinesareaddressed to? Ans:CeliatriestocheeruphercousinRosalindwhosefatherDukeSeniorhadbeendeposedbyCelias father. Rosalindissad.AsherfatherDukeSeniorhasbeenbanishedtotheForestofArdenbytheusurping DukeFrederick.Sheisunabletocopeupwiththeinjusticedonetoherfather. 3. WhatdoesCeliapromisetodoforthepersonaddressedto?Whatwouldhappenifshebroketheoath? Ans:CeliatoldRosalindthatsheshouldnotbeupsetbecausewhenCeliawouldinheritthekingdom fromtheusurpingDuke,shewouldreturnittoRosalind,therightfulheir. Celiasaidthatifshedoesnotfulfillthepromisetoreturnthekingdom,shewouldturnintoamonster.

4.Whatsportsdoeshercousinplan?WhatisCeliasreply? Ans:Rosalindishercousinandshedecidestoplaythegameoffallinginloveasapastime.Celia hesitatestoplaythisgame.SheadvisesRosalindnottobeseriousaboutitoritwillleadtoshameand humiliation. 5.WhatsportdoesCeliaproposetoindulgein?Whatisdiscussedintheconversationthatfollows? Ans:CeliasaysthattheyshouldmakefunoftheGoddessofFortunewhodoesnotdistributeher bountiesfairly. RosalindandCeliadiscussedabouttheGoddessesofNatureandFortune.RosalindsaidthatFortune playedherpartinthedistributionofbountieslikewealthandfamewhereasNatureawardednatural qualitieslikebeautyandvirtue.CeliasaidthatFortunecouldmakeabeautifulpersonfallintofireand loseherbeauty.ItisNaturewhogavethemthewittomakefunoftheGoddessesandthesudden appearanceofTouchstonewasFortunespart. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. No?whenNaturehathmadeafaircreature,mayshenotbyFortunefallintothefire?ThoughNature hathgivenuswittofloutatFortune,hathnotFortunesentinthisfooltocutofftheargument? 1. Whospeaksthesewordsandtowhom?Wherearetheyatpresent? Ans:CeliaspeaksthesewordstoRosalind.TheyareinagardeninfrontoftheDukespalace. 2. WhatreferencehasbeengiventoNatureandFortuneintheextract? Ans:CeliaandRosalinddecidetopasstheirtimebymockingNatureandFortune.Celiaisoftheopinion thatthegoddessofFortuneshallbedrivenoutfromherwheelsbecauseshedoesnotdistributeher bountiesequally.AccordingtoRosalind,thegoddessofFortunecannotendowthequalitiesina personsnature.Fortunecanchangewealthandfamebutnotonesnature. 3. Whoentersduringthisconversation?WhatdoesthepersontellCelia? Ans:Touchstone,theprofessionalfoolentersduringthisconversation.HetellsCeliathatshemustgoto herfather.Celiainquireswhetherheissentbyherfather;heanswersthatheisnot. 4. WhatdoesCeliameanbysayingforalwaysthedullnessofthefoolisthewhetstoneofthewits? Ans:CeliaaddressesTouchstonesfoolishness.ShesaysthatNatureandFortunehassentTouchstoneso thathisstupiditycanactasagrindstonetosharpentheirwits. 5. WhatkindofabondexistsbetweenCeliaandTouchstoneasisrevealedlaterintheact? Ans:AbondoftrustexistsbetweenCeliaandTouchstone.Laterintheact,whenRosalindandCeliaplan toescapefromtheDukespalace,Touchstoneaccompaniesthem.Rosalindputstheideathroughto CeliatotakeTouchstonewiththem.CeliasayswithfullconfidencethatTouchstonewillaccompanyher anywhereintheworld.ShetrustshimandhewillbehelpfultothemintheunknownForestofArden.

Q3.Readthefollowingextractandanswerthequestionsthatfollow. EnterLeBeau Bonjour,MonsieurLeBeau:whatsthenews? 1.WhoisLeBeau?Whichothercharactersarepresent?Wherearethey? Ans:LeBeauisanenthusiasticattendantofDukeFrederick.Heisknownforbeinginformativeand possessingapompouswayoftalking. Rosalind,CeliaandTouchstonearepresentinthisscene. TheyareinalawnbeforetheDukespalacewhereawrestlingmatchisduetotakeplace. 2.WhatnewsdoesLeBeaubringforth?Whyisheamazed? Ans:LeBeaubroughtthenewsofawrestlingmatchinwhichCharlesthechampionwrestlerhadbroken theribsofthreesonsofanoldman.Healsosaidthatthebestpartofthematchwasyettotakeplace. HewasamazedattheremarksmadebyTouchstone,CeliaandRosalind. 3.WhatdoesLeBeaumeanbysayingthebestisyettodo? Ans:LeBeauisspeakingtoRosalindandCeliaaboutthewrestlingthattheyhavemissed.Hemeantthat thebeginningofthewrestlingmatchwasnotasinterestingastheonewhichwastotakeplaceandthey shouldwatchit. 4.WhichadjectivesareusedbyLeBeautodescribethethreeyoungmen?Describethematchthey foughtwithCharlesasrelatedbyLeBeau. Ans:LeBeauusesthewordsThreeproperyoungmen,ofexcellentgrowthandpresence. LeBeaurelatedthatanoldmanenteredwithhisthreesons.Theeldestofthethreewrestledwith CharlesandinamomentCharlesthrewdownandbrokehisribswithlittlechancesofhissurvival. Charlesdidthesamethingwiththeothertwosonsoftheoldman.Hesaidthattheylaytherewiththe oldmangriefstricken,lamentingovertheirconditionsandthepeoplewhopassedbytooshedtears. 5.Bringoutthehumourexhibitedbyoneofthecharactersduringthisconversation. Ans:Touchstonethecourtjester,RosalindandCeliawereinconversationwithLeBeau.WhenLeBeau describedthegruesomewrestlingmatchbetweenCharlesandthethreeyoungmen,Touchstoneasked himwhichfunsporthethoughtofdescribingtotheladieswhenhehadcome.LeBeauansweredthatit wasthesamewrestlingmatchinwhichCharleshadbrokentheribsoftheyoungmen.Touchstone broughtoutthehumourandremarkedthathegainedwisdomthatbreakingofribswasasportforthe ladies. Q4.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Comeon:sincetheyouthwillnotbeentreated,hisownperilonhisforwardness. 1.Whoisthespeaker?Whichothercharactersarepresentthere?Whoistheyouthspokenabout? Ans:DukeFrederickisthespeaker.Rosalind,CeliaandLeBeauarepresent.Orlandoistheyouthwhois beingspokenabout.

2.Whatistheoccasionfortheirpresence?Whywasthespeakerconcernedabouttheyouth? Ans:CharlestheDukeswrestlerisabouttofightOrlando,anamateurinwrestling.TheDuke,Rosalind andCeliahavecometowitnessthematch. TheDukeisawarethatOrlandoisnotanequaltotheskillsofCharleswhoisaprofessionalwrestler.He knowsthatOrlandoistooyoung,andwantshimtowithdrawfromthematchsothathedoesnotsuffer atthehandsofthewrestler. 3.Whoaskswhomtodissuadetheyouthtorefrainfromthebout?Whatstancedoesthispersontake againsttheyouthlaterintheplay? Ans:DukeFrederickasksRosalindandCeliatospeaktotheyouthandconvincehimnottofightwith Charles.LaterintheplaywhentheDukecomestoknowthatOrlandowasthesonofhisenemySir RowlanddeBoys,heshowsimmensedispleasuretowardshim.HeevensuspectsthatOrlandohas helpedRosalindandCeliaescape. 4.Howdoestheyouthreacttothepeoplewhotryanddissuadefromthematch? Ans:Orlandoisdeterminedtofightthechallenge.RosalindandCeliatrytoconvincehimnottofight CharlesbutOrlandotellsthemwithduerespectthathecannotcomplywiththerequestofthe beautifulladies.Insteadhewantsthesupportoftheirlovelyeyesandgoodwishes.Ifhesuffersdefeat, itwillcometoonewhowasneverpraised,onewhohadallthewilltodie,andnofriendstocryforhim. Hesaysthathisdeathwouldbenolossashewouldbereplacedbyamoreworthyindividual. Q5.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Rosalind: Hecallsusback:mypridefellwithmyfortunes;Illaskhimwhathewould.Didyoucall,sir?Sir,you havewrestledwell,andoverthrownmorethanyourenemies. 1. WhoispresenttherewithRosalind?Wherearethey?WhoisRosalindspeakingabout? Ans:CeliaispresentwithRosalind.TheyareinalawninfrontoftheDukespalace.Rosalindisspeaking aboutOrlando. 2. WhatdoesRosalindmeanbysayingmypridefellwithmyfortunes? Ans:Rosalindsaysthatshepartedwithallherdignitywhenmisfortunesovertookher.Shehadfallenin lovewithOrlandoandshefeltthathehadcalled. 3.WhatdoesRosalindgivesirandwhy?Whatdoesshesayabouthermisfortune? Ans:RosalindgivesOrlandoachainasagiftforhisvictoryagainstCharles.Shealsosaysthatshehas falleninlovewithOrlando. Shesaidthatshehadbeenavictimofmisfortunesoshecouldnotgivesomethingmorevaluableto Orlando. 4.Whatdoesquintainmean?Whydoesthesiraddressedinthescenecomparehimselfwithaquintain? Ans:Aquintainisadummywoodenfigurewhichhorseridersusetopracticetilting. OrlandohadfalleninlovewithRosalindandhewastonguetiedwiththeemotion.Hecouldnotspeak whenRosalindrewardedhimachainforhisvictoryagainstCharles.Hestoodlikeadummyoraquintain beforeher,notknowingwhattosay.

5.WhatdoesthepersonsayaboutRosalindwhensheleavesthescene? Ans:OrlandoisattractedtoRosalindatfirstsight.Herealizesthatapowerfulemotionhadswepthim offandhecouldnotspeaktoRosalindtothankher.Hesaystohimselfthathewasdefeatedeitherwith theaftereffectsofthefightwithCharlesorwithfeelingofloveforRosalind. Q6.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Orlando:Ithankyou,sir;andprayyou,tellmethis:Whichofthetwowasdaughteroftheduke,that herewasatthewrestling? LeBeau:Neitherhisdaughter,ifwejudgebymanners: 1.WhoisOrlandoandLeBeau?Wherearethey? Ans:OrlandoistheyoungestsonofSirRowlanddeBoys.HeisOliversbrotherandsuffersunderhim. Heisgentleandhumble.OrlandodoesnotreceiveaproperupbringingunderOliver. LeBeauisacourtierandafavouriteattendantoftheDukeFrederick.Inthisscene,heisamouthfulof newsandbringsalotofinformation. TheyareinagardeninfrontoftheDukespalacejustafterthewrestlingmatchgetsover. 3. WhichDukeisbeingreferredtoherebyOrlando?WhydoesOrlandowanttoknowaboutthe daughter? Ans:DukeFredericktheusurperhasbeenreferredherebyOrlando. CeliaandRosalindhadbothmetOrlando.HewassnubbedbytheDukeforbeingSirRowlanddeBoys son.HehadfalleninlovewithRosalindandsohewantedtoremovehisdoubtsaboutherfather. 3.WhatdoesLeBeaumeaninthegivenextract?Explain. Ans:LeBeauknowstheDukesnature.HemeansthatCeliaisagoodnaturedladywhereastheDukeis selfishandrude.ThecharacteroftheDukeandhisdaughteraredifferent. 4. WhydoesOrlandothankLeBeau?WhichdangerdoesOrlandotalkaboutattheendofthescene? Ans:LeBeauadvisedOrlandothattheDukesdispleasurewouldresultinanenmitysoOrlandoshould leavethecourtimmediately.HealsotoldOrlandothatlatelytheDukehadturnedhostiletowardshis niecebecauseshewasmorepopularthanhisdaughter. OrlandotalkedabouthistyrantbrotherOliverwhowastheotherdangerapartfromhisnewenemy,the wickedDuke.

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Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Celia:No,thywordsaretooprecioustobecastawayuponcurs;throwsomeofthematme;come;lame mewithreasons.

Rosalind:Thenthereweretwocousinslaidup;whentheoneshouldbelamedwithreasonsandtheother madwithoutany. 1. Introducethetwocharacters.Wherearethey? Ans:RosalindisthedaughterofthebanishedDukeSeniorandCeliaisthedaughterofthetyrantDuke Frederick.Theyareinaroominthepalace. 2. InwhatmoodisRosalindnow? Ans:RosalindisinlovewithOrlando.SheconfessesherlovetoCelia.ShehasjustmetOrlandoafterthe wrestlingmatchandisimpressedbyhim. 3. WhatreasonsdoesRosalindgiveforhermood? Ans:RosalindsloveforOrlandohasturnedintense.WhenCeliaasksherthereasonforbeingsoquiet, sheanswersthatshewasaffectedbyherpassionateloveforOrlando.Shedoesnotmentionthe sadnessforherfather,thebanishedDuke.Infact,shementionsOrlandoasherchildsfatherforwhom sheissopassionate. 4. HowwouldthetwocousinsbelaidupaccordingtoRosalind? Ans:Laidupmeansaffected.RosalindwouldbecrippledwithworriesandtensionsforherloveandCelia wouldhavenoreasontobecometensed. 5. WhatadvicedoesCeliagiveRosalind?WhatisRosalindsreaction? Ans:CeliaissurprisedbytheintenselovewhichRosalindhasforOrlando.SheadvisesRosalindto wrestlewithheraffectionandsuppressherfeelings.SheexplainsthatRosalindshallgainsomeself controlthisway.ThoughRosalindagreestoCeliayetshesaysthattheburrswerenotinherclothesbut inherheart. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. EnterDukeFrederick,withLords. DukeFrederick:Mistress,dispatchyouwithyoursafesthaste,AndgetyoufromourCourt. WhereistheDuke?Whomishespeakingto? Ans:Dukeisinaroominthepalace.HeisspeakingtoRosalindandCelia. WhatremarksdoesCeliamakewhentheDukeenters? Ans:CeliaremarksthattheDukeenteredwithblazingeyes,i.e.fullofanger. WhatdoestheDukemeanbysayingdispatchyouwithyoursafesthaste? Ans:TheDukewasinextremeanger.HeshoweddispleasuretowardsRosalind,askinghertoleavethe courtasquicklyaspossiblewithallherpossessions. WhydidtheDukeshowdispleasuretothepersonspokento?Whoelsedidheshowdispleasureto? Ans:TheDukewasjealousofRosalind.HefeltthatRosalindsgoodnessandpopularitywouldaffect Celia,hisdaughter.Rosalindbecamethevictimofhistyrannyandwasaskedtoleavethecourt.Duke FrederickhadearliershowndispleasuretowardsOrlando,whowasSirRowlanddeBoysson. HowdoesthemistresscounterfortheblameputonbytheDuke? Ans:RosalindbehavesinthemostdignifiedmannerwhentheDukebanishesher.Withallrespectshe askstheDukethereasonforherbanishment.WhentheDukecallsheratraitor,sherepliesthathe shouldnotsuspectherforbeingsoandthatshewasinnocent.Buthecontinuestoblamethatsheisthe

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daughterofherfather,DukeSeniorandthatisenoughtoprovethatsheisatraitor.Rosalindreplies thatifthatisso,thenshehasbeenatraitorwhentheDukeusurpedherfatherskingdom.Herfatheris notraitorandtheDukeshallnotblameherforbeingonesimplybecausesheispoor. Q3.Readthefollowingextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. DukeFrederick:Thusdoalltraitors:Iftheirpurgationdidconsistinwords,theyareasinnocentasgrace itself:LetitsufficetheethatItrusttheenot. 1. WhomdoesDukeFrederickrefertoastraitor?Whereishe?Whoelseispresentthere? Ans:Rosalindisreferredtoasatraitor.Theyareinsidearoominthepalace.Celiaispresenttheretoo. 2. WhatdeclarationdidtheDukemakejustbeforethegivenextract? Ans:TheDukedeclaredasentenceofbanishmentforRosalind.Heaskedhertoleavethecourtasquicklyas possible. 3. Howdoesthepersonspokentojustifyagainstbeingcalledatraitor? Ans:RosalindwasthebanishedDukeSeniorsdaughterandDukeFrederickwasherUncle.Shedeclaredthat shehadthesamerelationshipwiththeDukewhenherfatherwasbanishedbyhim.Treasonwasnot hereditaryandevenifitwas,itwouldmakenodifferenceasherfatherwasneveratraitor.Sheblamesthe Dukethathewasbeingcruelsimplybecauseshewaspoor. 4. WhosupportsthepersonblamedbytheDukeandhow? Ans:CeliacameoutinsupportofRosalind,hercousin.Shespokeagainsthertyrantfather,DukeFredericks decision.SheaskedforthesamejudgementuponhertooassheandRosalindwereinseparablejustlikethe swansofJuno.Theyhadslepttogether,wokeuptogether,playedtogether,andeatentogether. 5. WhatreasonsdoestheDukegiveinsupportofthedeclarationhemadeearlier? Ans:DukeFrederickisjealousofRosalind.HedoesnotwantRosalindtobesuperiortoCelia.Hewantsto convinceCeliaabouthisdecisionbysayingthatRosalindwascraftyandcunning.Hercheerfulnessistogain sympathyofthepeople.Shepretendstobeinnocentandstealsallthepopularityandadmirationfrom Celia.IfRosalindleaves,Celiawillbemoreappreciated. Q4.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions: Celia:WhysoamI;westillhaveslepttogether,Roseataninstant,learnd,playd,atetogether. 1. WhoisCeliaspeakingaboutandtowhom? Ans:CeliaisspeakingaboutRosalindtoherfather,DukeFrederick. 2. Whydoessheuttertheabovelinesandwhatisherrelationshipwiththepersonshesspeakingabout? Ans:ThetyrantDukehadbanishedCeliascousin.Celiawasdisturbedandamazedatherfathersbehavior. ShetriedtoconvincetheDuketotakebackhissentence.ShesaidthatshewasacquaintedwithRosalinds characterandwasconfidentthatRosalindwasinnocent.CeliacouldnotlivewithoutRosalindbecausethey hadlearned,played,andatetogether. 3. Whichsituationhasdevelopedhereinthisscene?WhydoesshesaysoamI? Ans:TheDukehadbanishedRosalindandCeliaspokeinsupportofRosalindoutofhernobility.Shedeclared totheDukethattheywereinseparableandexpectedtheDuketotakebackthesentence.

AccordingtoCelia,ifRosalindwasguiltyoftreason,thenshemustbesotoo.CeliaandRosalindwereclose toeachotherandso,sheinsistedthattheybothshouldbeconsideredtraitors. 4. Whatdoesshecompareherselftoprovehercloseness? Ans:CeliagavetheexampleofJunosswanswhichcouldnotbeseparated.JunowastheGreekqueenof Gods.ThisexamplewasusedbyCeliatoproveherclosenesstoRosalind. 5. HowdoesthepersonspokentojustifythatthedecisiontakenwasinsupportofCelia? Ans:DukeFredrickdidnotwantRosalindtobesuperiortoCelia.HewantedtoconvinceCeliabysayingthat Rosalindwascraftyandcunning.Hercheerfulnesswastogainsympathyofthepeople.Shepretendedtobe innocentandstoleallthepopularityandadmirationfromCelia.IfRosalindleft,Celiawouldbemore appreciated. Q5.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Rosalind:But,cousin,whatifweassaydtosteal Theclownishfooloutofyourfatherscourt? Wouldhenotbeacomforttoourtravel? 1. WhereisRosalindgoingandwithwhom?Wherearetheynow? Ans:RosalindhasplannedtoescapetotheForestofArdenalongwithCelia.Theyareinaroominthe palace. 2. WhomdoesRosalindsuggesttostealandwhy? Ans:RosalindwantstostealTouchstone,thecourtjester,ashewillbehelpfulinprotectingtheminthe ForestofArdenwhentheyescape. 3. WhatadvicedoesthiscousingivetoRosalind? Ans:Celiadecidesthedetailsoftheirescape.SheadvisesRosalindtocarrytheirjewelsandwealthwith themanddevisethefittesttimeandsafestwaytoescapetofreedom. 4. Whosuggeststhedestination?Whichtwothingswouldberequiredbythatpersontodisguise? Ans:CeliasuggeststhattheywouldescapetotheForestofArdenandjoinDukeSenior,Rosalinds father.Celiadisguisesherselfinshabbyclothesandpaintsherfacebrown. 5. Whatnameswerechosenbythem?Bringoutthesignificanceoftheirnames. Ans:CeliachosethenameAlienawhichmeansstrangerandRosalindchosethenameGanymedewho wasthemortalboywithwhomJove,thekingoftheClassicalGodsfellinloveandcarriedhimtoMount Olympustoserveashisownpageorcupbearer.ThenamewasappropriatebecauseGanymedewasan effeminateboywhilethedisguisedRosalindwouldbeawomanwithamasculineappearance.

Act2Scene1
Q1.Readthefollowingextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Amiens:Iwouldnotchangeit.HappyisyourGrace, Thatcantranslatethestubbornnessoffortune Intosoquietandsosweetastyle. DukeSenior:Come,shallwegoandkillusvenison?Andyetitirksmethepoordappledfools,being nativeburghersofthisdesertcity,should,intheirownconfines,withforkedheadshavetheirround haunchesgord. 1. Wherearethespeakers?Whyaretheythere? Ans:ThespeakerswereintheForestofArden.TheyweretherebecauseDukeSeniorwasbanishedby hisyoungerbrother,DukeFrederickandsomeofhisloyallordshadleftthecourtalongwithhimand fledtotheForestofArden. 2. WhatwouldAmiensnotchange? Ans:AmienswouldnotchangethewayoflifeintheForestofArden. 3. WhatismeantbyHappyisyourGracethatcantranslatethestubbornnessoffortune? Ans:DukeSeniorhadtoldtheadvantagesoflivingintheForestofArden.Heexplainedthattheforest wasfreefromthesuperficiallifeofthepeopleinthecourt.Theyweremorehappyandsafeintheforest thanamongtheenviouspeopleofthecourt.ThishadconvincedAmiensandheremarkedthattheDuke Seniorwasabletoperceiveallthatwaspositiveinthemisfortune. 4. WhywastheDukenothappyaboutkillingthedeer? Ans:AccordingtotheDuke,thedeerweretherightfulinhabitantsoftheforest.Buttheywerehunted downintheirowndomainjustliketheDukehadsufferedinthehandsofthetyrantbrotherinhis Dukedom.Theywereinfactbeingwoundedinspiteofbeinginnocent. 5. Whosharedthesameopinionandwhatdoesthepersonsay? Ans:JaquesbelievedthathuntingofthedeerintheforestwasfarmorecruelthantheusurperDuke Fredrick.Jaquessharedthesameopinionthatthedeershouldnotbehunteddownintheforest,which istheirownhabitat. Healsosaidthatthehumanswereinfactrobbersandoppressorsorevenworseinhuntingthepoor animalsintheirnaturalhome. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. FirstLord:O,yes,intoathousandsimiles.First,forhisweepingintotheneedlessstream;Poordeer, quothhe,thoumakstatestamentasworldlingsdo,givingthysumofmoretothatwhichhadtoo much:then,beingtherealone, 1. WhoistheFirstLordspeakingto?Whoelseisthere?Whoishe? Ans:TheFirstLordisspeakingtoDukeSenior. AmiensandotherlordsaccompanyingtheDukearealsothere. HeisthemelancholyJaques.

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WhatdoestheFirstLordsayaboutheearlier?NarratetheincidentwhichistoldbytheFirstLord? Ans:TheFirstLordusesthetermmelancholyJaques. TheFirstLordandAmienshadseenJaquesstretchunderatreenearthestreamintheforest.Hewas troubledwiththefactthatthehuntingofthedeerwasagreatercrueltythanthedukesbanishment. Accordingtohim,DukeSeniorwasagreaterusurperthanDukeFrederick.Apoorwoundedstaglayby thestream. Jaquesusedathousandcomparisonstogrieveaboutthepoorwoundedstag.Thetearsshedbythestag addedwatertothestreamnearbywhichwasalreadyabundantwithwater.Hecomparedthiswith humanbeingswhogivemoretothosewhoalreadyhavetoomuch.Thenextcomparisonalsolaid emphasisontheworldlyfactthatunhappinessturnsawayfriendship.Thestagwasabandonedbyits herduncaringly.Thatisexactlywhatprosperousmendo.Heconsideredhuntingofthewildanimalsin theforestasanactofusurpation. WhatdoestheFirstLordmeanwhenhesaidAsworldlingsdo,givingthysumofmoretothatwhichhad toomuch? Ans:TheFirstLordquotedJaquesthatthepeopleofthisworldgavemoretothosewhoalreadyhadtoo much.Jaquessaidthiswhenhewasinaforestnearthestreamandwatchedawoundedstagshedtears andaddwatertotheabundantstream.Thetearsofthestagwerenotrequiredbythestream. WhichphilosophyoflifehadbeenlaterquotedbytheFirstLordassaidbyhe?Whatisthemoraldrawn fromit? Ans:TwophilosophiesareexplainedbyJaquesthroughcomparisons,thatthepeoplegivemoretothose whoalreadyhavetoomuchandunhappinessturnsawayfriendship.Themoraldrawnisthatthe wealthymendonotcareforthemiserable. Whatopiniondoesthepersonspokentohaveabouthe? Ans:DukeSeniorisfondofJaquesandhisphilosophiesimpresshim.HebelievesthatJaques philosophieshavealotofmoralinthem. Q3.Readthefollowingextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. DukeSenior:Sweetaretheusesofadversity, Whichlikeatoad,uglyandvenomous, Wearsyetapreciousjewelinhishead. Towhomaretheselinesaddressed?Wherearetheynow? Ans:TheselinesareaddressedtoAmiensandthelordswhoaccompaniedDukeSenior. TheyareintheForestofArden. Explainthefirstlineoftheextract. Ans:Thislinemeansthatmisfortuneandsufferingbringitsowncompensationsandteachusvaluable lessonsinlife.Theadversitiesordifficultieshavetheirownadvantagesandvalueinthem. Whatisthetoadcomparedtoandwhy? Ans:Thetoadhasbeencomparedtoadversity.Thedifficultiesinlifelookuglyandvenomousjustlike theexteriorofatoad.Butthetoadhasauniqueadvantagewhichadornsitshead.Thepreciousjewelon theheadofthetoadactsasanantidotetopoison.Inthesamewayadversitieshavetheirown advantagesandhavetheirownvalueinlife.

4. WhatexamplesdidtheDukeusetoprovethatsweetaretheusesofadversity? Ans:TheDukesaidthatthehardlifeintheforestwasmuchbetterthantheartificiallifeinthecourt. Theyweremoresafeandhappyintheforestthanintheenviouscourt.Theadversitiesoftheforesthad alessontoteach.Naturewasnoflatterer.InfacttheaspectsofNatureweretruthfulcounselors.The treestaughtintheirownlanguage,thestreamswerelikebookstoread,thestonesimpartedwisdomin theirownlanguages.Thussweetweretheusesofadversity. 5. WheredoestheDukeproposetogo?Whatfeelingdoeshehavefortheactwhichheisabouttocommit? Ans:TheDukeproposestogohuntingdeer. TheDukeregretsthatadeershouldbehuntedinitsownhabitat.

Act2Scene2
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. DukeFrederick:Canitbepossiblethatnomansawthem? Itcannotbe:somevillainsofmycourtareofconsentandsufferanceinthis. 1. WhereistheDuke?Whoelseisthere? Ans:TheDukeisinsidearoominthepalace. Thefirstlordandthesecondlordaretherewithhim. 2. InwhatmoodistheDukenow?Whathasbeenthereasonforhismood? Ans:TheDukeisfurious. Thedukeisfuriouswhenheisinformedabouttheflightofhisdaughter,Celia,hisniece,Rosalindand Touchstone. 3. WhohadoverheardCeliaandhercousin?Whatdidshehear? Ans:Hisperia,theprincessgentlewomanconfessedthatshehadsecretlyoverheardCeliaandRosalind praiseOrlando.Shebelievedthatwherevertheyhadgone,Orlandohadaccompaniedthem. 4. Whoelseismissing?Whatepithethasbeengiventotheperson?Whogivesthisnews? Ans:Touchstoneismissing. Heiscalledtheroynishclown. Thisnewsisgivenbythesecondlord. 5. InwhatdisguisedidRosalindandCeliaescape? Ans:Rosalinddressedupasaman,andnamedherselfGanymedeandCelianamedherselfAliena.She woreshabbyclothesandsmearedherfacewithbrownpaint.

Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. DukeFrederick:Sendtohisbrother;fetchthatgallanthither;Ifhebeabsentbringhisbrothertome;Ill makehimfindhim.Dothissuddenly,andletnotsearchandinquisitionquailtobringagainthesefoolish runaways. 1. WhoisthebrotherandwhyhashebeenorderedtocomebytheDuke? Ans:Oliveristhebrother.TheDukeisagitatedwiththeinformationoftheflightofhisdaughterand niece.HesuspectsthatOliversbrother,Orlandohelpedthemescape. 2. Whoisthebrotherinthesecondlineoftheextract?Whoisthegallant? Ans:Inthesecondlineoftheextract,thebrotherisOliver.ThegallantisOrlando. 3. HowwasthegallanttreatedbytheDukeearlierintheplay? Ans:TheDukeshowedimmensedispleasuretothegallantearlierintheplaywhenhecametoknow thathewasSirRowlanddeBoysson. 4. Howhadthebrothertreatedthegallantearlierintheplay? Ans:OliverhatedhisbrotherOrlando.Hewasjealousofhisbraveryandpopularity.Heilltreated Orlando,confiscatedhislibertyandinheritancegivenbytheirfather,SirRowlanddeBoys. 5. WhatordersdoestheDukegivehisofficers? Ans:OliverwasbanishedfromthecourtbythetyrannicalDukeFrederick.Hehadbeencompelledto findOrlandoandheorderedhisofficerstobequickinactioninsearchofthefugitives.

Act2Scene3
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Adam:Whatmyyoungmaster?Omygentlemaster!Omysweetmaster!OyoumemoryofOldSir Rowland!Why,whatmakeyouhere? WhoisAdam?Whereishenow?Whomishetalkingto? Ans:Adamistheloyalservant,whohadservedSirRowlanddeBoys. HeisoutsideOlivershouse. AdamistalkingtoOrlando,theyoungestsonofSirRowlanddeBoys. WhydoesAdamsayOyoumemoryofOldSirRowland? Ans:AdamwasanoldservantwhohadworkedforSirRowlanddeBoys.HebelievedthatOrlando,the youngestsonwasanimageofhisfather,SirRowlanddeBoys. Whoistheyoungmaster?MentionfourqualitiesastoldbyAdamabouttheperson? Ans:TheyoungmasterisOrlando. AdampraisesOrlandoandcallshimvirtuous,gentle,strongandvaliant. WhatdoesAdamwantthepersontodoandwhy? Ans:AdamwantsOrlandotoescapefromhishousebecausehiswickedbrotherOliverhadplannedto getridofhim. WhataccordingtoAdamhadbecometheyoungmastersenemies? Ans:Orlandowasvirtuousandpossessedmanygoodqualities.Hisgoodnessofnaturehadbetrayedhim andithadturnedanenemytowardsOrlandosdestruction.ThepraisesforOrlandohadreachedOliver whowasjealousofhisyoungerbrotherandthushadplannedtogethimkilled. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Adam:Comenotwithinthesedoors;withinthisrooftheenemyofallyourgraceslives.Yourbrotherno, nobrother;yetthesonyetnottheson,IwillnotcallhimsonofhimIwasabouttocallhisfather WhosedoorsdoesAdamtalkabout?Whatepithethadjustbeenusedbeforetheextract? Ans:Olivershouse,whereOrlandoliveshasbeenreferredtoasthesedoors. Ounhappyyouthistheepithetthathasjustbeenusedbeforetheextract. Whoistheenemyofallhisgracesandwhy? Ans:OliveristheenemyofallhisgracesbecauseOrlandoisvirtuous,gentle,strongandvaliant.This madeOliverjealousofhim. WhatfourthingsdoesAdamsayaboutthehouse? Ans:Hesaysthatthishouseisbutabutchery: Abhorit,fearit,donotenterit.

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4. WhydoesAdamdissuadeOrlandotoenterthehouse? Ans:AdamhadoverheardOliversplots.HeplannedtoburnOrlandowithinthehouse.Ifhefailed,he wouldhavehimmurderedbysomeotherway.Sohedidnotthinkthatthehousewasanylongersafe forOrlando. 5. WhyisitthatthepersonaboutwhomAdamisspeakingdoesnotdeservetobecalledeitherabrotheror ason? Ans:Asabrother,Oliverwaswicked,cruelandjealoustowardsOrlando.Hecouldnotbeanatural brothersincehehadplottedtokillhim.AsasonofSirRowlanddeBoys,hewasnotkindand considerate.HewasrudetoAdamanddespotictowardshisyoungerbrother. Q3.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Orlando:Ogoodoldman!howwellintheeappearstheconstantserviceoftheantiqueworld,when servicesweatforduty,notformeed! 1. Whoisthegoodoldman? Ans:Adamisthegoodoldman.HeistheloyalservanttoOrlando. 2. Whatarehisgoodqualities? Ans:Hewasloyal,sincere,andhardworking.Herenderedhisserviceswithouttheexpectationofany reward. 3. Whenandwheredoesthisconversationtakeplace?Giveafewdetailsaboutthesituationwhichhas developed? Ans:ThisconversationtookplacejustafterthewrestlingmatchwhenOrlandowasabouttoreturnto hishouse.Adamstoppedhimonhiswayandwarnedhimnottoenterthehouse.Theywereoutside Olivershouse. GallantOrlandohaddefeatedtheDukeschampionwrestler,Charles.HispraisesreachedOliverandhe haddecidedtokillOrlando. 4. WhatdoestheoldmanofferOrlandoandwhy? Ans:Adamofferedfivehundredcrownsthathehadsavedforhisoldage,sothatitcouldhelpOrlando inhisescape. 5. WhatdecisiondoesOrlandotake? Ans:Orlandoagreedtothedevotedservant.HedecidedtotakeAdamalongwithhimandbefore Adamssavingswouldbeover,hewouldfindahousewheretheycouldliveinpeace.

Act2Scene4

Q1.Readthefollowingextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Rosalind:Well,thisistheforestofArden. Touchstone:Ay,nowIaminArden;themorefoolI:whenIwasathome,Iwasinabetterplace:but travelersmustbecontent. Wherearethecharactersnow?WhoisTouchstone? Ans:Thecharacters,i.e.Rosalind,CeliaandTouchstoneareintheForestofArden. TouchstoneisthecourtjesterinthecourtofDukeFrederick. WhyshouldRosalindbehavedifferently? Ans:Rosalindwasdisguisedasaman.Shewasinmaleattire,andchangedhernametoGanymedeand CeliadressedupasashepherdessandcalledherselfAliena. WhatdoesTouchstonemeanwhenhesaysthemorefoolI? Ans:Touchstoneisaprofessionalfoolandhecriticizedthelifeinthecourtsarcastically,yetwhenheis intheForestofArden,hemissestheluxuryandcomfortofthecourt.Soheremarksthatheisnow moreofafoolthathehasleftthecourt. Whoentersthestagejustafterthisextract?Whataretheytalkingabout? Ans:Corin,anoldshepherdandSilvius,ayoungshepherdenteredthestage.Theyweretalkingabout theirladylove.SilviusdiscussedaboutPhebeandCorinrememberedhisyouthwhenhewasinlove. WhatdoesTouchstonesayaboutthetimewhenhewasinlove? Ans:Touchstonerecollectedthathehadbrokenhisswordonastoneinafitofloveandtoldthestone thatitservedhimrightbecauseitwasonthepathofJaneSmile,hislove.Herememberedthatheloved everyobjecthisladylovetouchedandheagreedthatallcreaturesinlovearefoolish. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Silvius:ButifthylovewereeverliketomineassureIthinkdidnevermanlovesohowmanyactions mostridiculoushastthoubeendrawntobythyfantasy? Whoaretheoneshavingthisconversation?Whatconditionisoneofthemin? Ans:CorinandSilviusaretheoneshavingthisconversation.Silviusisayoungshepherd,andheisin love. Whoarethepeoplelisteningtotheirconversation?Howhavetheyreachedthere? Ans:Rosalind,CeliaandTouchstonearelisteningtotheirconversation.Theyhaveescapedfromthe DukescourtandreachedtheForestofArden.

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3. Whatdoestheextractmean? Ans:SilviusbelievedthathewasatrueloverandCorinwouldnotbeabletounderstandthetrue conceptionofhislove.CorinhadbecomeoldandhecouldnotbesomuchinloveasSilviuswas.He askedCorinabouthisfolliescommittedwhenhewasinlove.Corinansweredthathehadbehaved foolishlythousandsoftimesinloveandhehadforgottenallthathehaddone. 4. WhataccordingtoSilviusisthesignofatruelover?Givethreeexamples. Ans:SilviussaidthatifCorinhadforgottenthesilliestthinghedidwhenhewasinlove,theninrealityit wasnotlove.Secondly,ifCorinhadnevertriedtopraisehismistressandtestthepatienceofthe listener,hewasnotinlove,andlastly,ifhispassionnevermadehimquitthecompanyoffriendsas Silviuswasforcedtodo,hewasnotinlove. 5. WhathappenslaterintheplaybetweenPhebeandRosalind? Ans:LaterintheplayitisthecaseofalovetrianglebetweenRosalind,SilviusandPhebe.Phebefellin lovewithGanymede,whowasactuallyRosalindandPhebeusedSilviustosendalettertoRosalind.In return,RosalindchidedSilviusforbeinginlovewithanunfaithfullover,Phebe. Q3.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Rosalind:Alas,poorshepherd!Searchingofthywound,Ihavebyhardadventurefoundmineown. 1. WhoareRosalindandTouchstoneremindedof? Ans:RosalindrememberedOrlando,withwhomshehadfalleninloveandTouchstoneremembered JaneSmile,whenhewasinlovewithher. 2. WhathadTouchstonedoneinthefitoflovesickness? Ans:Herecollectedthathehadbrokenhisswordonastoneinthefitoflovesicknessbecausehefelt jealousofitasitlayonthepathofhisbeloved,JaneSmile.Healsorecollectedthathehadgatheredtwo peapodsfromtheplantandgaveittoher,andbegginghertowearthem. 3. Whichphilosophydoesheendhisspeechwith? Ans:Heendsbysayingthatallhumansaregenuinelovers.Butitiscertainthatallcreaturesinloveare foolishjustasallcreaturesaresubjectedtodeath. 4. WhatarethefeelingsofCelia?Whatsuggestionsdoesshemake? Ans:Celiaisextremelytired.ShesuggestedifoneofthemcouldgoandaskCorinifhecouldsellthem somethingtoeatbecauseshewasdyingofhunger. 5. WhatrequestdoesRosalindmaketoCorin? Ans:RosalindrequestedCorintoprovidethemwithsomefoodinthisforestinexchangeofloveand money.ShewantedhimtofindashelterforthembecauseCeliawasexhaustedforwantoffood. Q4.Readthefollowingextractandanswerthequestions. Iprithee,shepherd,ifthatloveorgold Caninthisdesertplacebuyentertainment, Bringuswherewemayrestourselvesandfeed. Heresyoungmaidwithtravelmuchoppressd Andfaintsforsuccour.

1. Whereisthespeaker?Whoelseishere? Ans:ThespeakerisintheForestofArden.Celia,RosalindscousinandTouchstonearealsopresent. 2. WhydoesCorinaddressRosalindassir? Ans:Rosalindisinamansdisguise.SheandCeliahadescapedfromtheDukescourt.Sheworea doubletandahose,amansattire.So,Corinaddressedherassir. 5. WhichtwothingsdoesRosalindaskfromCorin?Whoistheyoungmaid? Ans:Rosalindrequestsforshelterandfoodinexchangeofloveorgold. Celiaistheyoungmaid. 6. WhatanswerdoesCoringivetoRosalind?Whatdoeshesayabouthismaster? Ans:CorinexpressedhissympathytowardsCelia.Hewishedthathehadenoughtohelpherbuthewas ashepherdtoanothermananddidnotownthesheepcote. Hesaidthathismasterdidnotbelieveindeedsofcharity. 7. ExplainthelineAndfaintsforsuccour. Ans:Celiaisonthevergeofcollapsing,sheisextremelytired,hungryandexhausted.

Act2Scene5
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Jaques:More,more,Iprithee,more. Amiens:Itwillmakeyoumelancholy,MonsieurJaques. Jaques:Ithankit.More,Iprithee,more!Icansuckmelancholyoutofasongasaweaselsuckseggs. More,Iprithee,more! 1. WhoisJaques?Whatdoeshewantmore? Ans:JaquesisaprofessionalmanofmelancholyinDukeSeniorscourt.Hesamanofgreatphilosophy. HeremainsintheForestofArdenwithDukeSenior. JaqueswantstohearmoreofAmienssong.

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WhatkindofsongdoesAmienssing?Giveitsmeaning. Ans:Amienssingsaboutpeoplewhocaretoflingawaytheirambitionandenjoycarefreelifeofthe woods,peoplewhocaretohuntformealbeforetheyenjoyit,andthosecontentwiththewildbird song.Itmeansthattheywillmeetnofoesexceptwinterandtheroughweather. s WhatanswerdoesAmiensgivetoJaquesrequest?Whydoeshesinglater? Ans:AmienssaysthathissongwouldmakeJaquesmoresadandgloomy.Sohedoesnotwanttosing again. LaterwhenJaquesrequestshimfurthertosingasongandsaysthatheaskshimtosingthesongonlyfor pleasure,hedoesnotbotheraboutthemeaning,Amienssingsagain. WhatisJaquesopinionaboutcompliment? Ans:Jaquesremarksthatwhenpeopleexchangecompliments,itlooksasiftwodogfacedbaboonsare grinningateachotherandwhenanyonethanks,itlooksasifheisabeggarwhohasbeenpaidtogive thanks. WhatinformationdoesAmiensgiveaboutDukeSeniortoJaques?WhatdoesJaquesreply? Ans:AmienssaidthatDukeSeniorintendedtohavedinnerundertheshelterofthetree.Healsotold JaquesthattheDukehadbeensearchingforhimthewholeday. JaquesrepliedthathehadbeencarefultokeepoutofDukeSeniorsway.Hewasnotcomfortablewith thequestionsaskedbytheDuke. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Jaques:Thusitgoes: Ifitdocometopass, Thatanymanturnass, Leavinghiswealthandease, Astubbornwilltoplease, Ducdame,ducdame,ducdame: Hereshallhesee Grossfoolsashe, Andifhewillcometome. WhereisJaques?Whoelseiswithhim? Ans:JaquesisintheForestofArden.Amiensiswithhim. WhatisthemeaningofJaquessong? Ans:Inhissong,Jacquespointsoutthepeoplewhofoolishlygiveuptheirluxuriouslifetosatisfythe whimsofamanwhoisasstubbornasanassandfacesthedifficultiesofforestlife.Theyshallcometo Jaques.

3. Whohadsungasongearlier?Howdoesheusethewordducdame? Ans:Amienshadsungasongearlier. DucdameisameaninglesswordcoinedbyJaquesasaparodytoAmienslinecomehither.Heexplains toAmiensthatitisaGreekinvocationusedininvitingfoolstoformaring. 4. Whatpunhadbeenintendedinhissongandforwhom? Ans:JaquescriticizesDukeSeniorhumourouslyforheandotherlordshadleftthecomfortandwealth ofthecourttopleaseastubbornmanlikeDukeSenior. 5. ExplainthereferenceIllrailagainstallthefirstbornofEgypt. Ans:AccordingtoaBiblicalreferenceinExodusII,GoddestroyedthefirstbornofeveryEgyptianfamily includingthatofthekingasapunishmentfornotallowingIsraelistoleaveEgypt.Asaconsequence,there wasgreatlamentationinthecountryallnight,preventingpeoplefromsleeping.Jaquessaidthatifhecould notsleep,hewouldcurseallthefirstborns.HerehemeantthatDukeSenior,theelderbrothershouldnot haveallowedtheyoungerbrothertoousthimfromhisDukedom,suchthatJacqueswouldnothavehadto followhimtotheforestandleadthathardlife.HedidnotwanttobepersonallyoffensivetoDukeSenior hencehesaysallthefirstbornindirectlytodukesenior.

Act2Scene6
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Orlando:ifthisuncouthforestyieldanythingsavage,Iwilleitherbefoodforit,orbringitforfoodto thee. 1. Wherearethecharacters?WhatisAdamscondition? Ans:TheyareintheForestofArden.OrlandoiscarryingoldAdamonhisback.Adamiscompletelytired anddyingofhunger. 2. WhatpromisedoesOrlandomaketoAdam? Ans:OrlandopromisedAdamthathewouldcomebackwithfoodforAdamandifhereturnedempty handed,Adamwasfreetodie. 3. HowdoesOrlandomakeAdamstayalittlecomfortable? Ans:OrlandocarriesAdamtosomeshelterfromthecoldwindsandencourageshimtostayalivetillhe comesback.

4. Whyhavethesetwocomehere?WhosesonisOrlando?Whatdoyouknowofhisotherbrothers? Ans:OrlandoandAdamescapedfromhistyrantbrotherOlivershouse.Oliverhadplannedtokill Orlando.Adam,theloyalservantinformedOrlandoabouthiswickedbrothersplans.Sotheyescapedto safetyintheForestofArden. OrlandoisthesonofSirRowlanddeBoys. OliveristheeldestbrotherofOrlando,whoiswickedandselfishtowardsOrlando.Jaques,theother brotherwaslookedafterwellbyOliverandreceivededucation. 5. HowwasOrlandorepayingAdamsdebt? Ans:Adamwashonest,loyalandsincereasaservant.HehadsavedOrlandoandofferedhimfive hundredcrownstomakealiving.Inreturn,Orlandocarriedhimonhisbackandpromisedtogivefood andshelterandstaywithhim.

Act2Scene7
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Jaques:Afool,afool!ImetafoolItheforest, Amotleyfool;amiserableworld! AsIdolivebyfood,Imetafool; InwhatmoodisJaquesnow?Whoremarksabouthismoodjustbeforetheextract? Ans:Jaquesisinacheerfulmood.DukeSeniorremarksthatJaqueslooksmerryandcheerful. Howdoesthismoodcontrastwithhispersonality? Ans:Jaqueswasapersonofmelancholyandwasphilosophicalwithaseriousoutlook.Butwhenhesaw thefool,hebecamecheerfulwhichheseldomwas.Thiswasincontrasttohispersonality. WhatopiniondoesDukeSeniorhaveaboutJaquesonbeingmusical? Ans:DukeSeniorremarkedthatifJaques,whoseheartandmindseemedsostrangewithdiscords, becamedevotedtomusic,itwouldsurelythrowthestarsoutofharmony. Whatdoesamotleyfoolmeanandwhoishe? Ans:Amotleyfoolreferstoacolourfullydressedprofessionalfool.HewasTouchstone. WhatwasthemotleyfooldoingwhenJaqueshadmethim? Ans:WhenJaquesmethim,hegreetedhimwithagoodmorningfoolbutthefoolsaidnosir!Donotcall meafooltillfortunehasfavouredme,thenhepulledasmallwatchfromhispocketandstaredatitdully andreadoutthetimealoud.Thefoolremarkedonlyanhouragoitwasnineoclockandthatafteran houritwouldbeelevenoclock.Asthehourspassedon,onegrewolderandmorematurebutatthe sametimemovednearertodeath.Suchwasthelifeofaman.

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Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. DukeSenior:Whatfoolisthis? Jaques:Oworthyfool!OnethathathbeenacourtierOthatIwereafool!Iamambitiousforamotley coat. DukeSenior:Thoushalthaveone. Jaques:Itismyonlysuit. 1. Whoistheprofessionalfool?WhatreasonsdoesJaquesgivetoprovethatheisaworthyfool? Ans:Touchstone,theprofessionaljesterofDukeFrederickscourtistheprofessionalfool. JaquesjustifiedthatTouchstonehadbeenacourtierandgainedmuchexperience.Hewaswiseto understandthatwomenwhowerebeautifulusedtheirbeautytotheiradvantage.AccordingtoJaques, Touchstonesbrainwasasdryasthelastremainingbiscuitontheship.Hehadpackedupknowledgein everycornerofhisbrainthroughhisvarietyofexperiences,andsohewasaworthyfool. 2. Whatisthepunintendedonthewordsuit?WhatconditionsdoesJaquesputonDukeSeniorbeforehe acceptsthemotleycoat? Ans:Jaquesbelievesthatthemotleycoatisbestsuitforhimandtheothermeaningisthatifhebecomesa fool,itwouldfithimwellbecausehewouldhaveallthefreedomofspeech. JaquesclarifiedtotheDukebeforeheacceptedthemotleycoatthatheshouldnotconsiderJaquesasa wisepersonanymore,andhehadtobegrantedallthepowertocriticizeanybodyinthesociety.He couldusehissarcasmsagainstanybodyjustasthewindchoosestoblow.Jaquesshouldbegrantedthe licensetoexpressfreely. 3. WhoaccordingtoJaquesshouldlaughtheloudest?Why? Ans:Themanwhoishithardestbythecriticismofthefoolshouldlaughtheloudest.Hemustshowthathe isnotaffectedbythecriticismofthefool.Ifhedoesnotremainindifferenttothecommentsofthefool thentheworldwilllaughathim. 4. ExplainthemetaphorthroughwhichJaquesstateswhathewilldoifhebecomesthefool. Ans:Ifhebecomesthefoolandisgiventhefreedomofexpression,thenJacqueswillremovealltheevils fromthesociety,actingasamedicine. 5. WhatistheDukesreply? Ans:TheDukemadefunofJaquessayingthathewasnottheappropriatepersontocleansetheworld.He hadledasinfullifeinhisyouthandhissinswerelikesoresonthebody.Hewouldinfactcorrupttheworld withhisbehaviour. 6.WhatphilosophydoesJaquesshareaboutpride? Ans:Jaquessaidthatprideislikeahugeseawhichriseslikethetideandcarriesawayallthebelongingsof theproudpersonandthenheisreducedtoabeggar.Therefore,prideresultsinpoverty. Q3.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions: Orlando:Speakyousogently?Pardonme,Iprayyou: Ithoughtthatallthingshadbeensavagehere,

AndthereforeputIonthecountenance Ofsterncommandment. 1. WhereisOrlando?Whomishespeakingto?Whoelseispresentthere? Ans:OrlandoisintheForestofArdenwheretheDukeandthelordsarereadytohavetheirmeal.Heis speakingtoDukeSenior.JaquesandAmiensarepresentthere. 2. InwhatmannerhadOrlandospokentothepersonearlierinthescene? Ans:OrlandohadspokeninanunkindandcommandingmannertotheDuke.Hesaidthatthesharpthorns ofnecessityhaddeprivedhimoftheusualcourtesy. 3. WhichquestionsdidOrlandoasktheDukestartingwithif?WhatmadeOrlandoaskthosequestions? Ans:OrlandoaskedforhelpfromtheDuke.HeasksedafewconditionalquestionstotheDukelikeifhehad everknownprosperousdays,ifhehadeverlivedwithinthesoundofchurchbells,ifhehadeverenjoyed thehospitalityofagoodman,ifhehadevershedtearsofcompassionorifhehadknownwhatistopityor tobepitied. OrlandohadpromisedAdamtobringhimfoodsoheaskstheDuketogivehimsomefood. 4. HowdidtheDukeanswerOrlando? Ans:TheDukewelcomedOrlandotohavedinnerwiththem.HetoldOrlandothattheyhadseenmore fruitfuldays,hadbeensummonedtochurchbythesacredchimeofthechurchbell,hadenjoyedthe hospitalityofworthymen,andhadshedtearsofholypity.Becauseofhisnoblemanners,Orlandowas invitedtohavedinner. 5. WhycouldOrlandonotaccepttheDukesinvitationimmediately? Ans:OrlandoaskedtheDuketoholdhisdinnerforawhilebecausehehadtobringapooroldmandying ofhungerwhohadtrudgedmanylongmilesinwearinessandpainoutofpureaffectionforhim. Orlandowouldnoteatunlesshehadfedthepooroldman. Q4.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Andthenthewhiningschoolboy,withhissatchel, Andshiningmorningface,creepinglikesnail Unwillinglytoschool. 1. Whatarefirstfivelinesoftheextract? Ans:Alltheworldsastage, Andallthemenandwomenmerelyplayers: Theyhavetheirexitsandtheirentrances; Andonemaninhistimeplaysmanyparts Hisactsbeingsevenages 2. Explainthefirsttwostagesofamanslife? Ans:Thefirststageisthatofaninfant,whimperingandpukingeitherinitsmothersornursesarms.It needscareandattention.Thesecondstageisthatofachildhoodwhenthebrighteyedboygoesto schoolwithhisbagunwillingly. 3. Inwhichstageisthelover?Howdoesaloverbehave?

Ans:Thethirdstageinamanslifeisthatofthelover.Lovefillshisheartandhesighswithpassion.He composessadlovesongsdedicatedtohisbelovedseyebrow. 4. Inwhichstageofamanslifedoeshewearleanandslipperdpantaloon?Describethisstage. Ans:Thesixthstageisthesteppingstoneofoldage.Heisthinandhistrousersdontfithimproperly.He wearsspectacleswhichcomedownonhisnoseandhangshisbagbesidehim.Thebreecheswhichhe hadworninhisyouthdonotfithimnowbecausehislegsaretoothinforthem.Hisdeepvoicechanges intothehighpitchedvoiceofachild. 5. WhatdoesJaquescomparetheworldandmanto?Whatismeantbyexitsandentrances? Ans:Jaquescomparestheworldtoastageoratheatreandthemenandwomentoactors. AccordingtoJaques,theworldisastageandallthemenandwomenareactors.Justasactorstake theirentryonthestageandplaytheirpartandthenleave,inthesameway,menandwomentakebirth, playtheirroleanddie. Q5.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. DukeSenior:IfthatyouwerethegoodSirRowlandsson, Asyouhavewhisperedfaithfullyyouwere, Andasmineeyedothhiseffigieswitness Mosttrulylimndandlivinginyourface Betrulywelcomehither: 1. Whereisthespeaker?Whoelseisthere? Ans:ThespeakerisintheForestofArden.TheothercharacterspresenthereareOrlando,Jaques,Adam andalordoftheDuke. 2. WhoistheDukereferringtobygoodSirRowlandsson?WhoisSirRowland? Ans:TheDukeisreferringtoOrlando.SirRowlanddeboysisthefatherofOliver,OrlandoandJaques.He wasagoodfriendofDukeSenior. 3. WhatdoestheDukesayaboutOrlandosfatherandAdam? Ans:TheDukesaidthathelovedSirRowlanddeboys,Orlandosfather.HecalledAdamagoodoldmanand welcomedhimtohiscave. 4. Explainthelines:Andasmineeyedothhiseffigieswitness Mosttrulylimndandlivinginyourface. Ans:ThegivenlinesmeanthatDukeSeniorwasabletoseetheimageofSirRowlandaliveandetched onthefaceofOrlando,theyoungestsonofRowlanddeboys. 5. WhatwasthemeofthesongthatAmienswassingingjustbeforethisextract? Ans:Inhissong,Amienswascomparingthecoldharshwindtotheungratefulpeopleoftheworld.Thecold winterwindwasnotascruelasthehypocrisyofthosepeople.

Act3Scene1
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Oliver:Othatyourhighnessknewmyheartinthis Ineverlovdmybrotherinmylife. DukeFrederick:Morevillainthou.Well,pushhimoutofdoor, Andletmyofficersofsuchanature Makeanextentuponhishouseandlands. Dothisexpediently,andturnhimgoing. 1. Wherearethespeakers?WhoisOliver? Ans:ThespeakersareinaroomintheDukespalace. OliveristheeldestsonofSirRowlanddeBoys,DukeFredericksenemy.Heisthewickedbrotherof Orlando. 2. WhyistheDukefurious?WhoisOliversbrother? Ans:TheDukehadsummonedOlivertoknowthewhereaboutsofOrlando.OlivertoldtheDukethathehad notseenOrlandosincethewrestlingmatch.Hedidnotlovehisbrothersohehadnoinformationabouthis whereabouts.TheDukethoughtthatthatOliverwaslyingtohimandbecamefurious. OrlandoisOliversbrotherwhohasescapedfromhishousetobesafefromOliversplotsofkillinghim. 3. IstheDukehonestabouthisownassessmentjustbeforetheextract?Justify. Ans:TheDuketoldOliverangrilythatifitwerenotforthemostpartmadeofmercy,hewouldhavetaken revengeonOliverinsteadofhismissingbrother.TheDukewasnotcorrectinhisassessmentbecausehehad banishedhisownbrotherDukeSenior.HehaddoneinjusticewithhisownnieceRosalindtooandbanished her.AgainwhenOrlandohadwonthematch,hedidnotappreciatehisvictorywhenhewasinformedthat OrlandowasSirRowlanddeBoysdsson.TheDukeiswicked,unjustandgreedy. 4. WhatordersdoestheDukegiveOliver? Ans:TheDukeorderedOlivertosearchforOrlandobynightaswellasbyday.Hehadtofindhisbrotherand bringhimeitherdeadoralivewithinayear,andifhefailedtodoso,thenhewouldbeoutlawedfromthe Dukesdominion. 5. DoesOliverdeservethetreatmentmetedouttohimbyDukeFrederick?Why? Ans:Yes,Oliverdeservedthetreatmentashegotatasteofhisownmedicine.Hehaddeprivedhisbrother Orlandoofhisproperty,andwastheninthevergeoflosingallhimselfattheordersoftheDuke.

Act3Scene2
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowing. Touchstone:Truly,thouartdamned,likeanillroastedegg,allononeside Corin:Fornotbeingatcourt?Yourreason. Touchstone:Why,ifthouneverwastatcourt,thouneversawestgoodmanners,thenthy mannersmustbewicked;andwickednessissin,andsinisdamnation.Thouartinaparlous state,shepherd. 1. WhoisTouchstoneandCorin?Wherearethey? Ans:TouchstoneistheprofessionalfoolinthecourtofDukeFrederickwhoaccompaniesRosalind andtheDukesdaughterCeliawhentheyescapefromhispalace.Heisknownforhissarcastic commentsthroughouttheplay. CorinisanoldshepherdintheForestofArden.TheyareintheForestofArden. 2. WhyisCorindamnedaccordingtoTouchstone?WhatisCorinsreply? Ans:AccordingtoTouchstone,Corinisdamnedbecausehewasneveratthecourt,soheneverlearnt goodmanners,whichmadehimwickedandwickednessissinwhichinturnisdamnation. CorindoesnotagreetoTouchstonesexplanation.Thegoodmannersofthecourtwouldbeabsurdin theforest,assuchceremoniousmannersarenotsuitableintheforest. 3. Whohadenteredearlierinthescene?Whatdidthepersonplantodo? Ans:Orlandohadenteredearlierinthescene.HeexpressedhisloveforRosalindandplannedtohang lovepoemsoneverybarkofeverytreeandpraisethebeautifulwoman. 4. HowhadCorinhelpedRosalindandCeliaearlier?WhendidOrlandomeettheprincessesforthe firsttime? Ans:CorinhadarrangedfoodandshelterforRosalindandCeliaintheForestofArden. OrlandohadmetthemjustbeforethewrestlingmatchinalawnoutsidetheDukespalace. 5. WhydoesTouchstonesaythatCorinisanaturalphilosopher? Ans:Corinsobservationsarethatamanwholacksmoney,meansandcontent,lacksthreegoodfriends. Hefurthersaysthatthenatureofrainistowet,fireistoburnandagoodpasturegivesgoodquality sheepanddarknesscomesafterthesettingofthesun.Headdsthatapersonwhopossessesnowitand notalentcouldclaimthathecomesfromabackwardfamily.So,TouchstonefeltthatCorinisanatural philosopher. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthequestions. Rosalind:Iprayyou,whatisitoclock? Orlando:Youshouldaskme,whattimeoday;theresnoclockintheforest. Rosalind:Thenthereisnotrueloverintheforest:elsesighingeveryminuteandgroaningevery hourwoulddetectthelazyfootofTimeaswellasaclock.

1. Wherearethetwocharacters?Howhavetheycomehere? Ans:RosalindandOrlandoareintheForestofArden.RosalindhadescapedfromtheDukespalaceand OrlandohadbeenwarnedbyAdam,hisservantthathisbrotherOliverhadplannedtogetridofhim,so heshouldrunforsafety. 2. HowcouldatruelovertellthetimeaccordingtoRosalind? Ans:Thetrueloverwouldsigheveryminuteandgroaneveryhourandthiswouldtellhimtheslow passingofthetimeascorrectlyasaclock. 3. WhichwordsareusedbyRosalindtodescribemovementoftime? Ans:Rosalindsaysthattimeambles,trots,gallopsandstandsstill. 4. WhichexamplesdidRosalindgivetoexplainthepaceoftime? Ans:Rosalindcomparesthemovementoftimewiththespeedofthehorse.Timehasbeenpersonified here.Timetrotswithagirlfromthedayoffixingofhermarriagetothedayoftheweddingceremony. Evenifitisonlyaweek,timepassessoheavilywithherthateachdayseemsayearlong. Timepacesgentlywithapriestwhohasneverworriedhimselfwithlearning,andwithawealthyman whoisfreefromgout.Thepriestdoesnothavetostudyandtherichmandoesnotsufferfrompain. Timegallopsforathiefwhohasbeencondemnedtodeath.Thoughhewalksslowly,hereachesthespot toosoon.Timedoesnotmoveatallwithlawyerswhosleepduringvacation. Q3.Readtheextractandanswerthequestionsthatfollow. Rosalind:Peace,youdullfool:Ifoundthemonatree. Touchstone:Truly,thetreeyieldsbadfruit. Rosalind:Illgraffitwithyou,andthenIshallgraffitwithamedlar:thenitwillbetheearliest fruitithecountry;foryoullberottenereyoubehalfripe,andthatstherightvirtueofthe medlar. 1. WhatdoesRosalindfindonatree? Ans:Rosalindfindsapaperwithlovepoemshangingfromapalmtree. 2. Wherearethespeakersatthemoment? Ans:ThespeakersRosalindandTouchstoneareintheForestofArden. 3. Whatisamedlar? Ans:Amedlarisakindofapplewhichcannotbeeatenuntilitisoverripe.Rosalindpunsonmeddler aninterferingperson,andsaysthatTouchstonewillbedeadorrottenbeforehismindhasmatured. 4. HowwasTouchstonecomparedwithamedlar?Whomdoesheappealto? Ans:Touchstonewasmeddlesomeandhewouldbedeadorrottenbeforehismindhasmatured. WhenRosalindpunswiththewordmedlar,heremarksthatthosestatementswereRosalindsandhe appealedtothewoodsforaverdictastotheirwisdomorfolly.

5. Whoentersjustafterthisconversationandwhatisthepersondoing? Ans:Celia,Rosalindscousinentersreadingapaper.Thispaperwasalsofoundhangingonthetree. Q4.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowing. Celia:Whyshouldthisadesertbe? Foritisunpeopled?No; TonguesIllhangoneverytree Thatshallcivilsayingsshow. 1.WhereisCelia?Wherehasshefoundthis?Wholistenswhenshereads? Ans:CeliaisintheForestofArden.Shehasfoundapaperhangingfromatree.RosalindandTouchstone listentoherwhileshereadsthelovepoem. 2.WhomdoesCeliaasktogoawayandwhy? Ans:Celiahadenteredreadingalonglovepoem.Whenshefinishedreading,Rosalindremarkedthat TouchstoneandCorinwereboredwithitsoCeliaasksbothofthemtoretireandtakerest. 3.Explaintheextractgiven. Ans:ThepoemhadbeenwrittenbyOrlando.Hesaidthattherewerenodwellersintheforestbutitdid notmeanthattheforestwouldlaysilent.Hewouldmakethetreesspeakthewaysandmannersof civilizedlifeinaneloquentmanner. 4.Towhomisthepoemdedicatedandhowisthatpersonmadeofmanyparts? Ans:ThepoemisdedicatedtoRosalind. NaturewascommandedbyGodtoputallthewomanlyattributesofgoodqualityinonebody.Nature obeyedtheorderandproducedthefairfaceofHelenleavingoutherfaithlessness.Natureaddedthe dignityofCleopatracombinedwithAtalantasspeedandhumblenatureofLucretia.Thus,Rosalindwas madeofmanyparts. 3. WhatdidRosalindsayaboutsevenoftheninedaysoutofthewonderandPythagoras? Ans:Rosalindreferredtothephraseasashortlivedsurpriseandsaidthatshehadalmostrecovered fromheramazementoftheverseshangingfromthetreeswhichpraisedher.TheGreekphilosopher believedthatsoulsweretransmittedfromoneformofanimaltoanother.Rosalindclaimedtohave beenaratatthetimeofPythagoras.AsanIrishratshehadbeenkilledbyritualincantationbutnever hadbeenasubjectofsomanypoems. Q5.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowing. Rosalind:Loveismerelyamadness,and,Itellyou,deservesaswelladarkhouseandawhipasmadmen do;andthereasonwhytheyarenotsopunishedandcuredis,thatthelunacyissoordinarythatthe whippersareinlovetoo.YetIprofesscuringitbycounsel. 1. WhomisRosalindspeakingto?Wherearethey? Ans:RosalindisspeakingtoOrlando.TheyareintheForestofArden.

2. WhatdidRosalindmeanbysayingdarkhouseandawhipasmadmendo? Ans:RosalindtoldOrlandothatloveismerelymadnessandtheloversshouldbetreatedlikemadmen. ThemadmeninElizabethantimeswerethoughttobepossessedofevil.Ifthedevilcouldbekeptina darkroomandwhippedout,thenthemadmencouldbecuredoftheinsanitycalledlove. 3. DidRosalindcureanylovesickpersonbeforeandhow? Ans:Yes,shedidcureayouthbefore.ShetoldOrlandothatsheaskedtheyouthtoimaginethatshewas hisladylove.Hepretendedhertobeso,showingallhisloveforher.Rosalindpretendedtobemoody justasyoungmenandwomenare,sometimesshewouldbegrateful,weak,foolish,fickle,tearfuland smiling,showingsignsofeveryemotionbutfeelingnoemotionsincerely.Sometimesshehatedhim, sometimesacceptedhimandatothertimesrejectedhim.Theyouthwastiredofallthisandhis passionatelovechangedtorealmadness.ThisishowRosalindclaimedthatshecuredthelover. 4. WhatconditionsdidRosalindlayonOrlandobeforeshecuredhim? Ans:RosalindconvincedOrlandothatifhecalledherbyRosalindsnameandcourtedherdailythereat hercottage,shewouldbeabletocurehim. 5. HowhadRosalindandOrlandofirstmetandunderwhatcircumstances? Ans:RosalindandOrlandohadfirstmetjustbeforethewrestlingmatchwhichwastotakeplace betweenthechampionwrestlerCharlesandOrlando.DukeFrederickhadaskedRosalindandCeliato dissuadehimfromchallengingCharleswhowasaprofessionalwrestler.Thesewerethecircumstances whenRosalindandOrlandofirstmet.

Act3Scene3
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Touchstone:Comeapace,goodAudrey:Iwillfetchupyourgoats,Audrey.Andnow,Audrey?amIthe manyet?dothmysimplefeaturecontentyou? Audrey:Yourfeatures!Lordwarrantus,whatfeatures? 1. Introducethecharacters. Ans:TouchstoneisaprofessionalcourtjesterinthecourtofDukeFrederick.Hewittilyunmasksthefolly ofothers.Heisthesatiristoftheplay. Audreyisacountrygirl.Sheishomelyandsimple.TouchstonemetAudreyinaforestandtheywere abouttomarryeachother.

2. Whyhavetheycomehere?Whoaretheywaitingfor? Ans:AudreyandTouchstonearereadytobemarried. Theyarewaitingforapreacher,SirOliverMartext. 3. WhathasTouchstonesaidaboutamansfeelingswhenhisversescannotbeunderstood? Ans:Whenamanfindsthathispoetryisnotunderstoodandhisjokesfullofwisdomfallflatbecausehis listenerdoesnothaveenoughhumourorwittounderstandthem,itisfarmoremiserableforhimthan havingtopayalargebillforverypoorentertainment.HesaysthisbecauseAudreybeingacountrygirl didnothavethewisdomtounderstandhisphilosophies. 4. WhatanswerdoesAudreygivewhenTouchstoneasksherifshelikedpoetry? Ans:Audreywasasimplecountrygirlwithnoliterarywisdom.Shesaidthatshewasunawareofthe wordpoetical.Shehadneverheardofit.Sheaskedifithadagoodcharacterandwasitarealthing. 5. WhoelsewaspresentwithTouchstoneandAudrey?Whatwerehissuggestions? Ans:Jaqueswaspresentthere.HeaskedTouchstonetochangehismotleycoat.Hefurthersuggested thattheyshouldnotbemarriedunderatreeintheforest.Infacttheyshouldgotothechurchand marryunderapriestofgoodreputationwhounderstoodwhathewasdoing.Suchamarriageasinthe forestcouldnotbebindinganditwouldsoonfallapart.

Act3Scene4
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Rosalind:Nevertalktome:Iwillweep. Celia:Do,Iprithee;butyethavethegracetoconsiderthattearsdonotbecomeaman. Rosalind:ButhaveInotcausetoweep? 1. Wherearethey?Whatisthecontrastinthemoodofeachofthecharacterabove? Ans:RosalindandCeliaareintheForestofArden. RosalindwasveryupsetandobsessedwithherloveforOrlandoandwasveryannoyedathisfailureto cometohercottage.RosalindwascomplainingtoCeliathatOrlandohadnotcometovisither.Celia madefunofbothofthem.TeasingRosalindwithallhergenius,Celiamadefunofherimpatienceand provokedherbysayingthatOrlandowasasfaithlessasJudas. 2. Rosalindmakestwocontradictorystatementsaboutsomeoneshair?Whydoesshesayso? Ans:RosalindremarkedthatOrlandoshairwasredbrownincolour.Sheblamedherselfforbeing trickedbyOrlando.Shesaidthatsheshouldhaveknownthatredbrownhairwasadeceitful dispossession.Ontheotherhandshesaidthathishairwasofaverynicecolour.

3. HowdoesCeliateaseRosalindaboutOrlandobeingunfaithfulinlove? Ans:CeliateasedRosalindbysayingthatOrlandowasnotinthehabitofkeepinghisword,which showedthathewasnotafaithfullover.Thevowsofsuchaloverwerenotreliable.Theywerelikethe wordsofawinedealer.Bothofthemwereinthehabitofmakingblundersintheircalculations. 4. WhereisOrlandonow?DidOrlandorecognizeRosalindwhentheymetthedaybefore? Ans:OrlandoiswithRosalindsfather,DukeSenior. OrlandodidnotrecognizeRosalindbecauseshewasdresseduplikeaman. 5. WhatpromisedidOrlandomaketoRosalindthedaybefore? Ans:OrlandohadpromisedRosalindtocometohercottage,asshehadclaimedtocurehimofhis madnessoflove. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Celia:O,thatsabraveman!hewritesbraveverses,speaksbravewords,swearsbraveoaths,andbreaks thembravely,quitetraverse,athwarttheheartofhislover;asapuisnytilter,thatspurshishorsebuton oneside,breakshisstafflikeanoblegoose.Butallsbravethatyouthmountsaridfollyguides.Who comeshere? 1.Whereisthespeaker?Whoelseispresentthere? Ans:ThespeakerisintheForestofArden.Rosalindispresentthere. 2.WhatdoesCeliameanbybraveverses? Ans:Celiameansfinelinesofpoetry. 4. HowdoesCeliadescribethebraveman?Whatistheironyhere? Ans:Celiadescribesthebravemanasonewhowritesbraveverses,speaksbravewords,swearsbrave oathsandbreakstheoathscrosswiselikeaswordfromonesidetotheothersideofhisloversheart. Theironyisthatshemakesafunnycomparisonwithaninexperiencedcompetitorinatiltingmatchwho spurshishorseononesideandmakesafoolofhimself. 5. Whatisthephilosophybehindthisexplanation? Ans:Shemeansthatalllovethatisruledbyyouthandguidedbyfollyisfine. 6. Whoentersthescenenow?Whomdoesheaddressandhow? Ans:Corintheoldshepherdentersthescene.HeaddressesRosalindandCeliaasmasterandmistress respectively.

Act3Scene5
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Silvius:SweetPhebe,donotscornme;donot,Phebe:Saythatyoulovemenot,butsaynotsoin bitterness. WhoisPhebe?InwhatframeofmindisSilviusnow? Ans:PhebeisSilviusbeloved.Sheisayoungwittyshepherdess.SheiscruelandmocksSilviuspoems. ThoughSilviuslovesher,sheisnotinlovewithhim. SilviuswasheartbrokenbecausePhebehadscornedhimandwascrueltohim.Hepleadedhertolove himandifshecouldnot,sheshouldtellhimsokindly. WithwhomishecomparingPhebeandhow? Ans:SilviuscomparesPhebewiththeexecutionerwhoseheartishardenedbytherepeatedsightof deathandwhonevercutstheheadofthevictimwithoutaskingforforgivenessofhisdeed.Inthesame wayPhebeandherpridedonotgiveintoSilviuslove. WhatdoesPhebeaccuseSilviusof? Ans:PhebesaidthatshedidnotwanttohurtSilviusandheshouldnotblameherbysayingthatshe couldkillwithherglances.Eyesareverydelicateandtenderorgans,whichshrinkfromeveryspeckof dust.So,eyescouldnotplaythepartofslayersandheshouldbeashamedofblaminghereyesas murderous. WhatdoesPhebesayaboutapin,rush,andhereyes? Ans:PhebeaccusedSilviusofblamingherformurderouseyes.Ifthatwasso,shewantedsomeproof. Heshouldshowthewoundmadebyhereyes.Sheusedtheexampleofapinthatwhichalwaysleft somescratchbehind.Evenasoftreedcouldmakeamarkuponthehandforafewseconds,andasfaras hereyeswereconcerned,thedartsthrownbyhereyeshadnopowerofhurtingothers. StatethedifferencesbetweenPhebeandAudrey. Ans:PhebeisayoungshepherdessandsheiscrueltoSilviusandmockshispoems.Shehasnomercyfor Silviusandchideshim,whereasAudreyisasimplehonestcountrygirl.Sheisintruelovewith Touchstone. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Silvius:Whereversorrowis,reliefwouldbe:ifyoudosorrowatmygriefinlove.Bygivinglove,your sorrowandmygriefwerebothextermind. Phebe:Thouhastmylove:isnotthatneighbourly? Silvius:Iwouldhaveyou. WhoareSilviusandPhebe?Wherearethey? Ans:Silviusisayoungshepherd,inlovewithPhebeandPhebeisayoungshepherdess,whoisthe mistressofSilvius. TheyareintheForestofArden.

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2. WhyisSilviussad? Ans:SilviusisinlovewithPhebeandshehasscornedhim. 3. InwhatwaycanPhebeendherownsorrowandSilviusgrief? Ans:PhebecanputanendtohersorrowandgriefbygivingherlovetoSilvius. 4. WhatBiblicalreferencedoesPhebeusetoexplainherloveforSilvius? Ans:PhebesaysthatshehasgiventheloveofaneighbourtoSilvius.TheBiblicalreferencehereisthe secondcommandmentofJesus,Thoushaltlovethyneighborasthyself. 5. WhatdoesPhebesaywhenSilviusdesirestohaveher? Ans:PhebereferstothetenthcommandmentofMoses,Thoushaltnotcovet,standsforgreed. Q3.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Rosalind:Foulisthemostfoul,beingfoultobeascoffer.Sotakehertothee,shepherd.Fareyouwell. Phebe:Sweetyouth,Iprayyou,chideayeartogether:Ihadratherhearyouchidethanthismanwoo. 1. WhatadvicedoesRosalindgivetoPhebe? Ans:RosalindtoldPhebethatnotmanymenwouldgivetheirhearttoawomanlikeherbecauseshe wasnotasbeautifulasshethoughtherselftobe.SheshouldapologizetoSilviusforhercruelty,show himsomekindness,andlistentohisproposals.Lackofbeautyseemsuglierifitisalsodisdainful. 2. Whoistheshepherd?Whatimpressiondoeshegive? Ans:SilviusistheshepherdwhoiswoefullyinlovewithPhebe.Hebecomesaslaveofhisbeloved, thoughshescornshimandiscrueltohim.Hislovegoestotheextentofbearingmessagesbetween PhebeandGanymede. 3. HowhasRosalindchidedtheshepherd? Ans:RosalindcalledSilviusasillyfellowtogoonfollowingPhebelikeamistysouthwind,drenchedwith tearsandnoisywithsigns.Shetoldhimthathewasmuchbetterlookingthansheis.Accordingto Rosalind,suchfoolsasSilviusflatteringsuchplainwomenlikePhebemadetheworldfullofugly children.PhebesvanityhadbeenarousedbecauseshesawherselfwithSilviuseyeswhichprovetobe moreflatteringtoher,andRosalindadviseshertoseeherselfinatruthtellingmirror. 4. WhydoesRosalindgetangryjustafterthisextract? Ans:PheberemarkedthatshecouldhearRosalindscoldherfortwelvemonthsandshepreferred RosalindsrebukesthanSilviuslove.Actually,Phebewascaughtinacomplicatedsituation,because RosalindwasinthedisguiseofGanymede.RosalindrebukedPhebebysayingthatsheshouldnotlose herhearttoRosalindorshewouldmakesarcasticremarkstoPhebe. 5. WhatrequestdoesRosalindmaketoPhebebeforeleaving? Ans:RosalindbeggedPhebenottoloseherheartforherbecauseshewasunstableanduntrustworthy. ShealsotoldPhebeopenlythatshedislikedher.

Act4Scene1
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Jaques:Ihaveneitherthescholarsmelancholy,whichisemulation;northemusicians,whichis fantastical;northecourtiers,whichisproud;northesoldiers,whichisambitious;northelawyers, whichispolitic;northeladys,whichisnice;northelovers,whichisallthese:butitisamelancholyof mineown,compoundedofmanysimples,extractedfrommanyobjects,andindeedthesundry contemplationofmytravels,inwhichmyoftenruminationwrapsmeinamosthumoroussadness. WhomisJaquesspeakingto?Wherearethey?Whoelseishere? Ans:JaquesisspeakingtoRosalind.TheyareintheForestofArden.Celiaisalsopresentthere. WhatmakesJaquestalkabouthismelancholy? Ans:JaqueswantstobebetteracquaintedwithRosalind.WhenRosalindremarksthathesknownas melancholyJaques,hegivesaninterestingdescriptionofmelancholy. HowdoesJaquesdescribethedifferentkindsofmelancholyofdifferentpeople Ans:Jaquesremarksthathismelancholyisnotofascholarnorjustprofessionaljealousynorthatofa musicianwhoismoody.Hismelancholydoesnotmatchthatofacourtierwhoisproud.Hismelancholy isnotthatofadissatisfiedsoldier,neitherdoesitresemblethatofalawyerwhoisclever,northe whimsicalsadnessofaladywhichisratherfastidious,norisitlikethedepressionofaloverwhichhas muchofallthesetogether. HowdoesJaquesdescribehismelancholy? Ans:Itisamelancholypeculiartohimself,likeamedicinemadeupofmanyherbs.Itistheresultof reflectionsonthevariedexperienceshehasgonethroughinthecourseofhistravels. WhatisRosalindsremarkaboutJaquesasatraveller? Ans:RosalindexclaimedthatJaqueshasgreatreasontobesadifhewasatraveller.Sheblamedhimfor sellinghisownlandtoseeothermens.Thoughhehadreturnedhomerichinexperienceofwhathehad seen,hepossessednothingtocallhisown.Itwaslikehavingricheyesandpoorhands. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Rosalind:Nowtellmehowlongyouwouldhaveherafteryouhavepossessedher? Orlando:Foreverandaday. Rosalind:Sayaday,withouttheever HowdoOrlandoandRosalindproposeeachother? Ans:RosalindasksOrlandowhetherhewouldhemarryherifshewashismistress.

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2. Whathavetheygonethroughjustnow? Ans:Theyhavegonethroughamarriageceremonyjustnow. 3. Whoconductsit?HowdoesthatpersonrebukeRosalind? Ans:Celiaconductsit. SheblamesRosalindforgivinganunflatteringpictureofherwomanhood.Sheshouldhavebeen reservedandshownhertruecolours. 4. WhatdoesRosalindsayinthelastlineoftheextract? Ans:Inthelastlineoftheextract,shesaidthatshewouldshedtearscontinuouslylikeDianainthe fountainfornoreason,whenOrlandowasdisposedtobemerry,andwhenhewasinclinedtobeasleep, shewouldlaughlikeahyena. 5. Whatdoesshegoontosayaboutcertainmonthsoftheyear? Ans:RosalindcommentsthatmenarekindandsweetasAprilwhentheywoothegirls,butbecomecold andharshlikeDecemberoncetheyaremarried.GirlsarealsocharmingasMaybeforetheyaremarried, buttheaspectchangeswhentheyarewives. Q3.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Rosalind:No,faith,diebyattorney.Thepoorworldisalmostsixthousandyearsold,andinallthistime therewasnotanymandiedinhisownperson,videlicet,inalovecause. 1. Whatinloveisaseriousoffence?Whoisabetterloverandwhy? Ans:Theloversbreakingofanhourspromiseinloveisaseriousoffence.Hethatwilldivideaminute intothousandpartsandhethatwillbreakthethousandthpartofaminuteinkeepinganappointmentin lovecannotbeintruelove. Asnailwouldhavebeenabetterloverasitgrantedsecurityinlovebecauseitcarriedonhisheadthe houseinwhichhelived.Moreoverheownedafortune.Orlandocouldnotbeatrueloverbecausehe hadcomelateandemptyhanded. 2. WhatdoesRosalindmeanbydiebyattorney? Ans:Anattorneyisanagentwhoisappointedtoactforanother.WhenOrlandosaysthathewilldiein hisownperson,Rosalindtellshimtogetsomeoneelsetodieforhimjustasshehasnotrefusedhimin hisownpersonbutthroughGanymede. 3. WhatreferencehasbeengivenaboutTroilusandCressida? Ans:TroiluswasthesonofPriam,KingofTroy.HefellinlovewithCressida,anunfaithfullover.Hewas killedinthebattlebyAchilles.Rosalindinventstheclubinordertodefamethepatternsofloversdied, butnotforlove.TroilusisregardedastheepitomeofconstantloverbymedievalwritersbutRosalind wantstoprovethathehadsufficientcausetodieforCressida,asadisappointedlover,buthewaskilled inthebattle,thattoobyaclub. 4. HowdoesshetwistthefamouslovestoryofHeroandLeander? Ans:AccordingtoGreekmythology,LeanderswamacrosstheHellesponteverynighttovisitHerowhom heloved.OnedayhelosthiswayanddrownedasthelightonthetowerlitbyHerowasputoutdueto thestorm.WhenHerosawhisbody,shethrewhimselfintotheseaandwaskilled.Rosalinddisagreed andthoughtthatLeanderwouldhavelivedtooldageevenifHerohadbecomeanun.Shesaysthat whatbroughtaboutLeandersdeathwasnotlovebutcramswhichseizedhimwhilebathingin Hellespontonawarmsummernight.

5. WhathadOrlandosaidwhichmadeRosalindtwistthemyths?WhydoesRosalindtwistthetwoversions? Ans:OrlandosaidthatasheisOrlando,ifhisloveisnotreturnedbyRosalind,hewillhavenooptionbut todie. RosalindtwistedthemythsofTroilusCressidaandHeroandLeandertosuithertheoryoflovethatno maneverdiedforlove.

Act4Scene2
QI.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Jaques:Whichishethatkilledthedeer? FirstLord:Sir,itwasI. Jaques:Letspresenthimtotheduke,likeaRomanconqueror;anditwoulddowelltosetthedeers hornsuponhishead,forabranchofvictory.Haveyounosong,forester,forthispurpose? 1. Wherearethespeakers?Whatistheoccasion? Ans:ThespeakersareintheotherpartoftheForestofArden.Thefirstlordhaskilledadeer.Jaques ironicallypraisesthatlord.Theyareallinamerrymood. 2. WhyshouldthelordbepresentedlikeaRomanconqueror? Ans:Jaquesisironicalaboutthewholesituation.Hedislikedthekillingofthedeerandhewantedtoridicule thelordforthisact.Soheasksotherlordstoputawreathonhisheadforaccomplishingthisfeat. 3. Whatdoeswearingofahornsignify? Ans:Menwhosewiveswereunfaithfulwerebelievedtogrowhornsontheirheadswhichwasasignof shame. 4.Whataccordingtothesongsunglaterwillthehunterhave? Ans:Thehunterwillhavehornsonhishead.Thesehornsshouldnotbetreatedwithcontemptasthey wereamarkofhonour,ahelmetwornbyaconqueror. 5.Whichincidentareyouremindedofbythekillingofthedeerearlierintheplay? Ans:Jaqueshadlamentedbythesideofariverwhenhesawawoundedstag.Hehadinterpretedthe situationwithamelancholicphilosophy. 6. Whywasthisshortsceneincluded? Ans:ItisastopgapsceneintroducedtofilluptheintervalbeforeOrlandospresence.Dramaticallytwo hoursofpartingissuggestedbythisscene.

Act4Scene3
Q1.Readthefollowingextractandanswerthequestions. Silvius:Iknownotthecontents;butasIguess, Bythesternbrow,andwaspishaction Whichshediduseasshewaswritingofit, Itbearsanangrytenor:pardonme, Iambutasaguiltlessmessenger. 1. WhoisSilvius?Whomishespeakingto?Whoishetalkingabout? Ans:SilviusisayoungshepherdintheForestofArden.HeisspeakingtoRosalind.Heistalkingabout Phebe. 2.Whatdoesthefirstlineoftheextractmean?WhatistherelationofSilviuswiththepersonheis speakingabout? Ans:SilviushascarriedaletterfromPhebetoRosalind.Hesaysthathedoesnotknowthecontentsof theletter.SilviusisinlovewithPhebe. 3.WhatwerethecontentsasreadbythepersontowhomSilviusspeaksto? Ans:RosalindremarkedthatpatiencewouldbestartledandbeaggressiveifshereadPhebesletter.If Rosalindwasabletoendurethatletter,shewouldbeabletobearanything.ShesaidthatPhebehad writtenthatRosalindwasnotfairinappearance,thatshewasrudeandPhebecouldnevercarefora manlikeRosalindGanymede.RosalindremarkedthatshewasnotlookingforPhebeslove. 4. WhatisSilviussuspectedofbythepersonheisspeakingto? Ans:RosalindsuspectsthatitwasnotPhebebutSilviuswhohaswrittentheletterbecauseawomans handcouldnotwritesuchaletter. 5. WhyisCeliasorryforSilviuswhenheknowstherealcontents? Ans:TheletterwhichwasgiventoRosalindconveyedfeelingsoflovefromPhebetoRosalind.She referredRosalindasadivinepowerwhohadbesiegedtheheartofawoman.Shesaidnohumaneye couldharmher.Inherletter,PhebereferstothechidingshereceivedfromRosalind.Ifherchidingcould makePhebefallinlove,whatmightRosalindslovingbehavioraccomplish!ShewrotethatSilviuswho wascarryingtheletterwasignorantofPhebesloveforRosalind.SherequestedRosalindtosendhera replyinasealedletter.IfRosalindrejectedPhebeslovethenshewouldseekdeathassoonaspossible. ThusSilviuswasheartbrokenandCeliafeltsorryforhim. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowing. Oliver:Andwellhemightsodo. ForwellIknowhewasunnatural. 1. WhereisOliver?Whoelseispresentthere? Ans:OliverisintheForestofArden.CeliaandRosalindarepresentthere.

2. Whoisheintheextract?Whathasbeensaidabouthim? Ans:Oliveristheheintheextract.OlivernarratedtheincidentintheforestwhereOrlandosavedhimfrom asnakeandalioness.ThissurprisedCeliaandsheaskedOliverwhetheritwasthesamecruelandwicked brotherofOrlando.CeliaandRosalindwereunawareofthetrueidentityofOliver. 3. WhataccordingtoRosalindwasthecorrectpunishmentforthehementionedabove?Howdidshe recognizeOliver? Ans:AccordingtoRosalind,Orlandosbrothershouldhavebeenlefttofallpreytothehungrylioness.While narratingtheincident,OliverrevealedhisidentitythathewasthecruelbrotherofOrlando. 4. WhathadthebrotherdonetoOrlandoearlierintheplay? Ans:OliverhadtreatedOrlandomiserably.Hedidnotsendhimtoschoolorgivehimfoodproperly.Hedid notgivehisshareofthewillinheritedfromhisfather,OliverhadalsotriedtomurderhisbrotherOrlando. 5. WhatnewsdidOliverbringforRosalind?Whatdidheshowthem? Ans:OliverhadcomewiththenewsthatOrlandocouldnotkeephispromisebecausehehadmetwithan adventureandcouldnotreachRosalindontime. Q3.Readthefollowingextractandanswerthequestions. Oliver:Beofgoodcheer,youth.Youaman!Youlackamansheart. Rosalind:Idoso,Iconfessit.Ahsirrah!abodywouldthinkthiswaswellcounterfeited..Iprayyou,tell yourbrotherhowwellIcounterfeited.Heighho! Oliver:Thiswasnotcounterfeit:thereistoogreattestimonyinyourcomplexionthatitwasapassionof earnest. Rosalind:Counterfeit,Iassureyou. 1. Wherearetheypresent?WhodoesOliverrefertobyman? Ans:TheyarepresentintheForestofArden.OliverreferstoRosalindwhoisdressedinamansclothes. 2.WhatdidRosalindcounterfeit? Ans:RosalindhadswoonedwhenshesawthebloodsoakednapkinshownbyOliver.Hehadsaidthat Orlandowaswoundedbythelioness.ButshetoldOliverthatshehadpretendedtofaint,itwasnotreal. 3.WhatchangeisnoticedinOliverscharacterastoldtoRosalind? Ans:OliverhadreconciledwithOrlandoamidtears.Hewasnomorethewickedbrother. 4. WhatadvicedoesOlivergiveRosalind?WhatisRosalindsreply? Ans:Oliveradviseshertoshowcouragebecauseshewasaman.Rosalindagreestofollowhisadvice, thoughshesaysthatsheshouldhavebeenawomanbyright. 5. WhydoesCeliaaskOlivertoaccompanythem? Ans:OliverandCeliahavebeenattractedtoeachotherfromthemomenttheymeteachothersandso, shewantsOlivertobewithher.

Act5Scene1
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Touchstone:Theheathenphilosopher,whenhehadadesiretoeatagrape,wouldopenhislipswhenhe putitintohismouth,meaningtherebythatgrapesweremadetoeatandlipstoopen. 1. WhereisTouchstone?Whomishespeakingto? Ans:TouchstoneisintheForestofArden.HeisspeakingtoWilliamandAudrey. 2. Whoisaheathenphilosopher?Whatreferencehasbeengivenbyhimaboutsuchaphilosopher? Ans:Touchstonewasnotreferringtoanyparticularphilosopher.ProbablyWilliamstaredatTouchstone openmouthedinaweofthewiseman. HetoldWilliamthatwhentheheathenphilosopherhadamindtoeatgrapes,heusedtoopenhis mouthandputthegrapeinit.Thisshowedthatmouthsweretobeopenedandgrapesweretobe eaten.ThephilosopherwasTouchstone,thegrapewasAudreyandtoopenhislipsmeanttobeginthe marriageceremony.InotherwordsWilliamshouldnotconsiderAudreyhisbeloved. 3. WhichproverbisTouchstoneremindedof?Explain. Ans:WhenWilliamrepliedtoTouchstone,heisremindedofThefooldoththinkheiswise,butthewiseman knowshimselftobeafool. TouchstoneconfusedWilliamtothinkthathewasactuallyafoolwhoconsideredhimselfwise. 4. WhichfivequestionsdoesTouchstoneaskWilliamandwhatishisreply? Ans:TouchstoneaskedWilliamsnameandhewittilyrepliedfiveandtwenty,sir.Secondly,heaskedhis nameandhesaidWilliamitwas.Thirdly,heaskedwhetherWilliamwasbornintheforestandhereplied thathedidandwasgratefultoGodforit.Fourthly,heaskedwhetherWilliamwasrichandherepliedthat hewassoso.Lastly,TouchstoneaskedwhetherWilliamthoughtthathewaswiseandherepliedthathe was. 5. WhatrhetoricisusedbyTouchstonetoimpressWilliam? Ans:Touchstonesaidthatonedidnotpossessathingtilloneactuallypossessedit.Williamwasnotin possessionofAudrey.Hesaidthatwhenwineispouredfromacupintoaglass,thecupbecameempty whiletheglasswasfilled.SoAudreybelongedtoTouchstone.

Act5Scene2
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Orlando:Woundeditis,butwiththeeyesofalady. Rosalind:DidyourbrothertellyouhowIcounterfeitedtoswoonwhenheshowedmeyourhandkerchief? Orlando:Ay,andgreaterwondersthanthat. 1. Whoisindisguiseandwhy? Ans:RosalindwasindisguiseofamanandshehadchosenthenameofGanymede.SheandCeliahad escapedfromthedukespalacewhenDukeFrederickhadbanishedRosalind. 2. Whoisthebrother?HowdidthebrothermeetRosalind? Ans:Oliveristhebrothermentionedhere.OrlandohadsentOlivertoRosalindwithamessagethathe couldnotmeetheraspromisedbecauseofhissuddenadventuresintheforestwithalionessanda snakeinordertosavehisbrotherOliver.ThisishowhemetRosalind. 3. WhatarethegreaterwondersthatOrlandoisreferringto?WhatdoesRosalindcomparethegreat wonderwith? Ans:OliverhadfalleninlovewithCeliaandthiswasthegreatwonder. RosalindcomparedthelovebetweenCeliaandOliverasafightbetweentworamswhofightwithleast provocation.ThesecondexamplewasofJuliusCaesarwhoafterdefeatingKingofPontussentashort messagetotheRomanSenateVeni,Vidi,Vici(meaning:Icame,Isaw,Iovercame). 4. HowdidOliverandCeliamakeapairofstairstomarriage? Ans:OliverandCeliadidnotwastetimeintheirdecisiontogetmarried.Theyfellinloveatfirstsight,no soonerdidtheylongedforeachothersasloversdo.Nosoonerdidtheysighthantheysoughtthe reason.Thentheysearchedasolutiontobetogether.Theyhaveclimbedstepbysteptothetempleof marriage. 5. WhomdidOrlandoplantoinviteandforwhatoccasion?Howdoeshefeel? Ans:OrlandodecidedtoinvitetheDuketothemarriageceremonyofOliverandCelia.Hefeltdepressedat thethoughtofhisbelovedwithwhomhewantedtomarry.Hecouldfeelthehappinessofhisbrotherwho gotwhathewishedfor. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Silvius:Itistobeallmadeoffantasy, Allmadeofpassion,andallmadeofwishes; Alladoration,dutyandobservance; Allhumbleness,allpatience,andimpatience; Allpurity,alltrial,allobedience; AndsoamIforPhebe.

1. Towhomaretheselinesaddressed?Whoelseispresent? Ans:TheselinesareaddressedtoPhebe,thebelovedofSilvius.Rosalind,OrlandoandPhebearepresent. 2. HowwasSilviustreatedbyPhebeearlier? Ans:PhebewascrueltoSilvius.ShedidnotloveSilvius,insteadsheusedhisservicestosendaletterto Rosalindtoconveyherfeelingsoflove. 3. Whatdothecharacterspromisetoeachother? Ans:Rosalind,Orlando,SilviusandPhebepromisedeachothertobefaithfultotheirbeloveds. 4. WhatannouncementdoesRosalindmaketothem? Ans:RosalindannouncedthattheyshouldallassembleforthemarriagesofSilviustoPhebeandOrlandoto Rosalind. 5. HowwouldtherealRosalindbepresenttheretogetmarriedtoOrlando? Ans:Earlier,RosalindtoldOrlandothatshehadmagicalpowersandwiththehelpofthoseshewouldbring RosalindtogetmarriedtoOrlando.

Act5Scene4
Q1.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Rosalind:Ihavepromisedtomakeallthismattereven Keepyouyourword 1. WhereisRosalind?Whomisshetalkingto? Ans:Rosalindisinanotherpartoftheforest.TheselinesarespokentoDukeSenior. 2. WhathasshepromisedOrlando? Ans:RosalindhaspromisedhimtobringtherealRosalindbythemagicalpowersshepossessed. 3. WhatresemblanceofRosalindismentionedbytheDukeandOrlando? Ans:ThedukesaidthattheboyorGanymederesembledhisdaughterRosalind.Orlandosaidthatwhenhe firstsawGanymedehethoughtthathewasabrothertoRosalind. 4. FromwheredidRosalindgethermagicalpowers? Ans:RosalindtoldOrlandothatshehadlearntthemagicalpowersfromherunclesincetheageofthree.

5. Whatpromisesdothecharacterspresentmake? Ans:OrlandosaidthathewouldmarryRosalind,andDukeSeniorpromisedtobestowhisdaughterto Orlando.PhebepromisedtomarryGanymedeifheiswilling,ifnot,thenshewouldmarrySilvius. Q2.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Jaques:Thereis,sure,anotherfloodtoward,andthesecouplesarecomingtotheark.Herecomesapair ofverystrangebeasts,whichinalltonguesarecalledfools. 1. WhoisJaquestalkingabout?WhatdoesJaquesmeanbyanotherflood?WhatistheBibilicalreference? Ans:JaquesistalkingaboutTouchstoneandAudreywhohavejustenteredasoneofthefourpairof lovers.Anotherfloodreferstothefactthatallthepairsoflovershavegatheredtoescapefrom drowning.ThebiblicalreferencehasbeenmadetoNoahsarkwhichcarriedthefaithfultosafety. 2.Whomdoesherefertoasstrangebeasts?Whydoesherefertothemassuch? Ans:TouchstoneandAudreyarereferredtoasstrangebeasts,becauseTouchstonewasthe professionalfool. 3.Whichcouplesarecomingtotheark?Whyhavetheyallcometogether? Ans:ThecouplesareOrlandoandRosalind,OliverandCelia,SilviusandPhebe,andTouchstoneand Audrey.Rosalindbroughtthemtogetherandtheyaretobemarriedtoeachother. 4.Whydidnotthestrangebeastsgetmarriedearlier? Ans:TouchstoneandAudreycouldnotgetmarriedearlierbecauseJacqueshadinterferedandstopped themfromgettingmarriedbySirOliverMartext,sayinghewasnotagoodclergymanandthemarriage wouldfalloff.Healsosaidthattheyshouldnotgetmarriedunderabush. 5.WhatsuspiciondoesJaqueshaveaboutoneofthefoolwhoentered? Ans:JaquestoldDukeSeniorthatthefoolwhoenteredclaimedofbeingawittycourtier. Q3.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. Touchstone:Godildyou,sir;Idesireyouofthelike.Ipressinhere,sir,amongsttherestofthecountry copulatives,toswear,andtoforswear,accordingasmarriagebindsandbloodbreaks. 1.WhoisTouchstonespeakingto?WhatdoeshemeanbyGodildyousir?Whointroducedhim? Ans:TouchstoneisspeakingtoDukeSenior.GodildyousirmeansmayGodrewardyou. 2.Whointroducedhimandhow? Ans:JaquesintroducedhimtoDukeSeniorwhowasdelightedbyhispresence.Jaquessaidthat Touchstoneisawhimsicalfoolinmindaswellindresswhomhehadquiteoftenmetintheforest.He alsosaidthatTouchstonehadclaimedtobeacourtier.

3.Explaintoswearandforswear,accordingasmarriagebindsandbloodbreaks? Ans:TheselineswerespokenbyTouchstonetoDukeSeniorandhislords.Hesaidthathehadcometo jointheothercoupleswhowouldswearvowsofloyaltytotheirmarriagepartners,butwhowouldin courseoftimebreakthosevowsandthenalsobreakthebondsofmarriageasaresultofcontinuing quarrelsafterpassionwouldbreakbetweenthem. 5.WhoisintroducedbyTouchstone?Whatwasthecomparisonofpoorvirgin? Ans:AudreyisintroducedbyTouchstone. PoorvirginwasAudrey.Hesaidthathehadcomewithaplainmaid,anordinaryanduglywomanbut shewashisown.Shebelongedtohim.HeacceptedAudreywhomnoothermanwouldtake.Thepurity andchastityinuglyAudreywasjustlikearichmanwholivedinapoorcottagebecauseofhis miserlinessandjustasamostpreciouspearllivedinsideanuglyshellfish. 5.WhatisyouropinionaboutTouchstoneinthisscene?Comment. Ans:Touchstoneisamusinginhisspeeches.HereTouchstoneridiculesthewomanhewantstomarry. WithoutanyillwillhesaysthatAudreyispooranduglybutheishappywithher.Heusesthe appropriatesimilestoprovehispoint.Touchstoneprovesthathetheperfectjesterbyhiscourtlywit andabilitytotalkwell.Thoughheisrealisticandunromantic,yethehasbeenabletoamusehis audience. Q4.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowingquestions. DukeSenior:Bymyfaith,heisveryswiftandsententious. Touchstone:Accordingtothefoolsbolt,sir,andsuchdulcetdiseases. Jaques:But,fortheseventhcause;howdidyoufindthequarrelontheseventhcause? 1.Whereareallthesecharacters?WhatdoestheDukemeanbyhisstatement? Ans:TheDuke,TouchstoneandJaquesareintheForestofArden.ThisstatementoftheDukehasbeen madeforTouchstonethatheisquickwittedandthatheiscapableofmakingpithyremarks. 2.HowdoesTouchstoneexplainthesevenlies? Ans:WhenJaquesaskedTouchstoneifheresolvedthefightontheseventhcause,herepliedthatlie passedthroughsixstagesandreachedtheseventh.Herelatedthatoncehehadtoldacourtierthathis beardwasnotappropriate,towhichthecourtiersentamessagethatitdidnotmatterbecauseitwas Touchstonespersonalopinion.ThatwasaReplyCourteous.Hetoldthecourtieragainthathisbeard wasnotcutproperlyandthecourtierrepliedthatitwasnottopleaseTouchstonebuthimself.That stageisQuipModest.Whenhesaidthatbeardwasnotcutproperlyagain,thecourtierdeclaredthat TouchstonesjudgementwastotallyunsoundandthatwasReplyChurlish.Touchstonerepeatedhis commentandthecourtierrepliedthatTouchstonedidnotspeakthetruth,whichwasReproofValiant. HesentawordagaintothecourtierandthecourtiersaidthatTouchstonelied,whichwascalled CounterCheckQuarrelsome.ThencamethestageofLieCircumstantialandthenLieDirect.

3.HowdoesTouchstoneresolvethematterwiththecourtier? Ans:TouchstonesaidthathedidnotgobeyondLieCircumstantialnordidthecourtierhavecourageto tellhimthatheisaliar.Sotheymetandmeasuredtheirswordstosatisfythemselvesthattheywereof thesamelengthandthenparted. 4.AccordingtoTouchstone,whatwerethedifferentdegreesoflie? Ans:ThefirstwaspoliteandsharpreplyReplyCourteous,thesecondwasmildlysarcasticQuip Modest,thethirdwasilltemperedreplyReplyChurlish,thefourthwasabravereplythatisReproof Valiant,thefifthwasonprovocationCountercheckQuarrelsome,thesixthwastheconditionallie ReplyCircumstantialandtheseventhwasLieDirect. 5.Whatisthewaytoavoidtheseventhlie? Ans:Theseventhlieleadstoactualfightanditcanbeavoidedbytheuseofthewordifinthefollowing manner,IfyousaysothenIwouldsayso.Butifyoudidnotsayso,thenIassureyouthatIalsodidnot sayso.Itisthewordifthatiscapableofmakingpeace. Q5.Readtheextractandanswerthefollowing. JaquesdeBoys:Letmehaveaudienceforawordortwo;IamthesecondsonofoldSirRowland;That bringthesetidingstothisfairassembly. 1.Whathadbeensaidaboutthischaracterandbywhom? Ans:JaquesdeBoyswasOrlandosbrotherwhowassenttoschoolbytheireldestbrotherOliverand reportssaidingoldentermsoftheprogressthatJaquesmadeinschool. 2.Whatwasthefirstmessagebroughtbyhim? Ans:JaquesdeBoyssaidthatDukeFrederickhadgatheredalargeandpowerfulassemblywhenhe learntthatmanyofhislearnedmenfledtotheForestofArden.Hemarchedtowardstheforesttokill hisbrotherthereandputhimtodeath.Aftersomediscussionwithahermithemetontheoutskirts,he becameaconvert.Hedecidedtorenouncetheworld. 3.HowdoesJaquesdeBoysbringwelcomegiftsforbothhisbrothers? Ans:DukeFrederickhadgivenbackhisdukedomtohisbanishedbrotherDukeSenior.Hehadalso returnedtheconfiscatedlandtoOliver.DukeSeniorwouldgivehisdukedomtoOrlandoasdowryforhis marriagetoRosalindhisdaughter.Inthisway,JaquesdeBoysbroughtgiftsforhisbrothers. 4.WhatdoesJaquesdecidetodo? Ans:JaquesdecidedtomeetDukeFrederickwhohadconvertedandrenouncedtheworldandlearn fromhiminsteadofbeingapartinthemerrymaking. 5.WhatwasnotthefashionofthedayaccordingtoRosalind?Whatdoesshetellthemenandwomen? Ans:Rosalindsaysthatitisnotacustomtoseealadyspeaktheepiloguebutatthesametimeitisno moresurprisingtohearaladyspeakingtheepiloguethantohearagentlemanspeakingtheprologue. Shesaidthatshewouldcastaspellonthewomenfirstandthenthemen.Shesaid,Owomenforthe sakeoftheloveyoubeartomen,shouldappreciatetheplayandtothemenshesaid,Omenforthe sakeoftheloveyoubeartowomen,theplayshouldbeappreciatedtoo.