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What is the difference between MCB, MCCB, ELCB, and RCCB | EEP

What is the difference between MCB, MCCB, ELCB, and RCCB

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MCB (Miniature Circuit Breaker)

Characteristics Rated current not more than 100 A. Trip characteristics normally not adjustable. Thermal or thermal-magnetic operation.

MCCB (Moulded Case Circuit Breaker)

Characteristics Rated current up to 1000 A. Trip current may be adjustable. Thermal or thermal-magnetic operation.

Air Circuit Breaker

Characteristics Rated current up to 10,000 A. Trip characteristics often fully adjustable including configurable trip thresholds and delays. Usually electronically controlledsome models are microprocessor controlled. ften used for main po!er distribution in large industrial plant, !here the brea"ers are arranged in dra!-out enclosures for ease of maintenance.

Vacuum Circuit Breaker

Characteristics #ith rated current up to $000 A, These brea"ers interrupt the arc in a %acuum bottle. These can also be applied at up to $&,000 '. Vacuum circuit breakers tend to ha%e longer life e(pectancies bet!een o%erhaul than do air circuit brea"ers.

RCD (Residual Current Device / RCCB(Residual Current Circuit Breaker)

Characteristics Phase (line) and Neutral both !ires connected through R)*.

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What is the difference between MCB, MCCB, ELCB, and RCCB | EEP

+t trips the circuit !hen there is earth fault current. The amount of current flo!s through the phase ,line- should return through neutral . +t detects by R)*. any mismatch bet!een t!o currents flo!ing through phase and neutral detect by -R)* and trip the circuit !ithin $0.iliseconed. +f a house has an earth system connected to an earth rod and not the main incoming cable, then it must ha%e all circuits protected by an R)* ,because u mite not be able to get enough fault current to trip a .)/R)*s are an e(tremely effecti%e form of shoc" protection The most !idely used are $0 mA ,milliamp- and 100 mA de%ices. A current flo! of $0 mA ,or 0.0$ amps- is sufficiently small that it ma"es it %ery difficult to recei%e a dangerous shoc". 0%en 100 mA is a relati%ely small figure !hen compared to the current that may flo! in an earth fault !ithout such protection ,hundred of ampsA $001&00 mA R))/ may be used !here only fire protection is re2uired. eg., on lighting circuits, !here the ris" of electric shoc" is small. Ad%ertisement

Limitation of RCCB
Standard electromechanical RCCBs are designed to operate on normal supply wa e!orms and cannot be guaranteed to operate !here none standard !a%eforms are generated by loads. The most common is the half !a%e rectified !a%eform sometimes called pulsating dc generated by speed control de%ices, semi conductors, computers and e%en dimmers. 3pecially modified R))/s are a%ailable !hich !ill operate on normal ac and pulsating dc. RC"s don#t o!!er protection against current o erloads4 R)*s detect an imbalance in the li%e and neutral currents. A current o%erload, ho!e%er large, cannot be detected. +t is a fre2uent cause of problems !ith no%ices to replace an .)/ in a fuse bo( !ith an R)*. This may be done in an attempt to increase shoc" protection. +f a li%e-neutral fault occurs ,a short circuit, or an o%erload-, the R)* !on5t trip, and may be damaged. +n practice, the main .)/ for the premises !ill probably trip, or the ser%ice fuse, so the situation is unli"ely to lead to catastrophe6 but it may be incon%enient. +t is no! possible to get an .)/ and and R)* in a single unit, called an R)/ ,see belo!-. Replacing an .)/ !ith an R)/ of the same rating is generally safe. Nuisance tripping o! RCCB$ 3udden changes in electrical load can cause a small, brief current flo! to earth, especially in old appliances. R)*s are %ery sensiti%e and operate %ery 2uic"ly6 they may !ell trip !hen the motor of an old free7er s!itches off. 3ome e2uipment is notoriously 8lea"y5, that is, generate a small, constant current flo! to earth. 3ome types of computer e2uipment, and large tele%ision sets, are !idely reported to cause problems. RC" will not protect against a socket outlet being wired with its li e and neutral terminals the !rong !ay round. RC" will not protect against the o erheating that results !hen conductors are not properly scre!ed into their terminals. RC" will not protect against li e%neutral shocks, because the current in the li%e and neutral is balanced. 3o if you touch li%e and neutral conductors at the same time ,e.g., both terminals of a light fitting-, you may still get a nasty shoc".

ELCB (Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker)

Characteristics 9hase ,line-, :eutral and 0arth !ire connected through 0;)/. 0;)/ is !or"ing based on 0arth lea"age current. Operating Time of ELCB: The safest limit of )urrent !hich <uman /ody can !ithstand is $0ma sec. 3uppose <uman /ody Resistance is &00= and 'oltage to ground is >$0 'olt. The /ody current !ill be &001>$0?@A0mA. <ence 0;)/ must be operated in $0ma3ec1@A0mA ? 0.A&msec

RCBO (Residual Circuit Breaker with OverLoad)

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What is the difference between MCB, MCCB, ELCB, and RCCB | EEP

+t is possible to get a combined .)/ and R))/ in one de%ice ,Residual )urrent /rea"er !ith %erload R)/ -, the principals are the same, but more styles of disconnection are fitted into one pac"age

Difference between ELCB and RCCB

0;)/ is the old name and often refers to %oltage operated de%ices that are no longer a%ailable and it is ad%ised you replace them if you find one. R))/ or R)* is the ne! name that specifies current operated ,hence the ne! name to distinguish from %oltage operated-. The ne! R))/ is best because it !ill detect any earth fault. The %oltage type only detects earth faults that flo! bac" through the main earth !ire so this is !hy they stopped being used. The easy !ay to tell an old %oltage operated trip is to loo" for the main earth !ire connected through it. R))/ !ill only ha%e the line and neutral connections. 0;)/ is !or"ing based on 0arth lea"age current. /ut R))/ is not ha%ing sensing or connecti%ity of 0arth, because fundamentally 9hase current is e2ual to the neutral current in single phase. That5s !hy R))/ can trip !hen the both currents are deferent and it !ithstand up to both the currents are same. /oth the neutral and phase currents are different that means current is flo!ing through the 0arth. Binally both are !or"ing for same, but the thing is connecti%ity is difference. R)* does not necessarily re2uire an earth connection itself ,it monitors only the li%e and neutral-.+n addition it detects current flo!s to earth e%en in e2uipment !ithout an earth of its o!n. This means that an R)* !ill continue to gi%e shoc" protection in e2uipment that has a faulty earth. +t is these properties that ha%e made the R)* more popular than its ri%als. Bor e(ample, earth-lea"age circuit brea"ers ,0;)/s- !ere !idely used about ten years ago. These de%ices measured the %oltage on the earth conductor6 if this %oltage !as not 7ero this indicated a current lea"age to earth. The problem is that 0;)/s need a sound earth connection, as does the e2uipment it protects. As a result, the use of 0;)/s is no longer recommended.

MCB Selection
The first characteristic is the o%erload !hich is intended to pre%ent the accidental o%erloading of the cable in a no fault situation. The speed of the .)/ tripping !ill %ary !ith the degree of the o%erload. This is usually achie%ed by the use of a thermal de%ice in the .)/. The second characteristic is the magnetic fault protection, !hich is intended to operate !hen the fault reaches a predetermined le%el and to trip the .)/ !ithin one tenth of a second. The le%el of this magnetic trip gi%es the .)/ its type characteristic as follo!s4

Type Type B Type C

Tripping )urrent $ To & time full load current & To 10 times full load current

perating Time 0.0@ To 1$ 3ec 0.0@ To & 3ec 0.0@ To $ 3ec

Type " 10 To >0 times full load current

The third characteristic is the short circuit protection, !hich is intended to protect against hea%y faults maybe in thousands of amps caused by short circuit faults. The capability of the .)/ to operate under these conditions gi%es its short circuit rating in Cilo amps ,CA-. +n general for consumer units a ACA fault le%el is ade2uate !hereas for industrial boards 10CA fault capabilities or abo%e may be re2uired.

Fuse and MCB characteristics

Buses and .)/s are rated in amps. The amp rating gi%en on the fuse or .)/ body is the amount of current it !ill pass continuously. This is normally called the rated current or nominal current. .any people thin" that if the current e(ceeds the nominal current, the de%ice !ill trip, instantly. 3o if the rating is $0 amps, a current of $0.00001 amps !ill trip it, rightD This is not true.

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What is the difference between MCB, MCCB, ELCB, and RCCB | EEP

The fuse and the .)/, e%en though their nominal currents are similar, ha%e %ery different properties. Bor e(ample, Bor $>Amp .)/ and $0 Amp Buse, to be sure of tripping in 0.1 seconds, the .)/ re2uires a current of 1>H amps, !hile the fuse re2uires $00 amps. The fuse clearly re2uires more current to blo! it in that time, but notice ho! much bigger both these currents are than the 5$0 amps5 mar"ed current rating. There is a small li"elihood that in the course of, say, a month, a $0-amp fuse !ill trip !hen carrying $0 amps. +f the fuse has had a couple of o%erloads before ,!hich may not e%en ha%e been noticed- this is much more li"ely. This e(plains !hy fuses can sometimes Iblo!5 for no ob%ious reason +f the fuse is mar"ed 5$0 amps5, but it !ill actually stand @0 amps for o%er an hour, ho! can !e justify calling it a 5$0 amp5 fuseD The ans!er is that the o%erload characteristics of fuses are designed to match the properties of modern cables. Bor e(ample, a modern 9')-insulated cable !ill stand a &0J o%erload for an hour, so it seems reasonable that the fuse should as !ell.

&iguparmar % Kignesh 9armar has completed his /.0,0lectrical- from Gujarat Uni%ersity. <e is member of +nstitution of 0ngineers ,.+0-,+ndia. .embership :o4.-1@L$&HA.<e has more than 1> years e(perience in Transmission -*istribution-0lectrical 0nergy theft detection-0lectrical .aintenance-0lectrical 9rojects ,9lanning-*esigning-Technical Re%ie!-coordination -0(ecution-. <e is 9resently associate !ith one of the leading business group as a Assistant .anager at Ahmedabad,+ndia. <e has published numbers of Technical Articles in M0lectrical .irrorM, M0lectrical +ndiaM, M;ighting +ndiaM, M+ndustrial 0lectri(M,Australian 9o!er 9ublications- .aga7ines. <e is Breelancer 9rogrammer of Ad%ance 0(cel and design useful 0(cel base 0lectrical 9rograms as per +3, :0), +0),+000 codes. <e is Technical /logger and Bamiliar !ith 0nglish, <indi, Gujarati, Brench languages. <e !ants to 3hare his e(perience N Cno!ledge and help technical enthusiasts to find suitable solutions and updating themsel%es on %arious 0ngineering Topics. /ecome 009Os )ontributor and introduce yourself to L0"P of our readers all across the !eb. E >01$ 009 - 0lectrical 0ngineering 9ortal. All Rights Reser%ed F 9ri%acy 9olicyT 9 Get 9*B 9o!ered by )sanyiGroup

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