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Fulbright Program

Fulbright Program
The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright-Hays Program, is a program of highly competitive, merit-based grants for international educational exchange for students, scholars, teachers, professionals, scientists and artists, founded by United States Senator J. William Fulbright in 1946. Under the Fulbright Program, competitively selected U.S. citizens may become eligible for scholarships to study, conduct research, or exercise their talents abroad and citizens of other countries may qualify to do the same in the United States. The first participating university in the United States was George Washington University in Washington, D.C. The Fulbright Program is one of the most prestigious awards programs worldwide, operating in over 155 countries.[1] Forty-three Fulbright alumni have won Nobel Prizes (including two in 2010, Peter A. Diamond and Ei-ichi Negishi) and seventy-eight have won Pulitzer Prizes.[2] More Nobel laureates are former Fulbright recipients than any other award program.

J. William Fulbright

The program was established to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and other countries through the exchange of persons, knowledge, and skills. The Fulbright Program provides 8,000 grants annually to undertake graduate study, advanced research, university lecturing, and classroom teaching. As of 2010, 300,000 persons114,000 from the United States and 188,000 from other countrieshave participated in the program since it began. In each of 50 countries, a bi-national Fulbright Commission administers and oversees the Fulbright Program. In countries without a Fulbright Commission but that have an active program, the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy oversees the Fulbright Program. The U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs sponsors the Fulbright Program from an annual appropriation from the U.S. Congress. Additional direct and in-kind support comes from partner governments, foundations, corporations, and host institutions both in and outside the U.S.[1]

History
The Fulbright Program aims to bring a little more knowledge, a little more reason, and a little more compassion into world affairs and thereby increase the chance that nations will learn at last to live in peace and friendship.[3] Senator J. William Fulbright In 1945, Senator J.William Fulbright proposed a bill to use the proceeds from selling surplus U.S. government war property to fund international exchange between the U.S. and other countries. With the crucial timing of the aftermath of the Second War and with the pressing establishment of the United Nations, the Fulbright Program was a solution in promoting peace and understanding through educational exchange. The bill devised a plan to forgo the debts foreign countries amassed during the war and in return for funding an international educational program. It was through the belief that this program would be an essential vehicle to promote peace and mutual understanding between individuals, institutions and future leaders wherever they may be.[4] If we do not want to die together in war, we must learn to live together in peace.[5] President Harry S. Truman

Fulbright Program On August 1, 1946, President Harry S. Truman signed the bill into law, and Congress created the Fulbright Program in what became the largest education exchange program in history. Since it began, the program has operated on a bi-national basis; each country active in the Fulbright Program has entered into an agreement with the U.S. government. The first countries to sign agreements were China in 1947 and Burma, the Philippines, and Greece in 1948.[4]

Program
Educational exchange can turn nations into people, contributing as no other form of communication can to the humanizing of international relations.[6] Senator J. William Fulbright The Fulbright Program works two ways: U.S. citizens may receive funding to go to a foreign country (U.S. Student Program, U.S. Scholar Program, and Teacher Exchange Program) and non-U.S. citizens may come to the U.S. (Foreign Student Program, Visiting Scholar Program, Teacher Exchange Program). Candidates recommended for Fulbright grants have high academic achievement, a compelling project proposal and/or statement of purpose, demonstrated leadership potential, and flexibility and adaptability to interact successfully with the host community abroad.

Types of grant
Fulbright grants are offered in almost all academic disciplines except clinical medical research involving patient contact. Fulbright grantees' fields of study span the fine arts, humanities, social sciences, mathematics, natural and physical sciences, and professional and applied sciences.[7]

Student grants
The Fulbright U.S. Student Program offers fellowships for U.S. graduating seniors, graduate students, young professionals and artists to study abroad for one academic year. The Program also includes an English Teaching Assistant component. The Fulbright Foreign Student Program enables graduate students, young professionals and artists from abroad to conduct research and study in the United States. Some scholarships are renewed after the initial year of study. The Fulbright Foreign Language Teaching Assistant Program provides opportunities for young English teachers from overseas to refine their teaching skills and broaden their knowledge of American culture and society while strengthening the instruction of foreign languages at colleges and universities in the United States. The International Fulbright Science and Technology Award, a component of the Fulbright Foreign Student Program, supports doctoral study at leading U.S. institutions in science, technology, engineering or related fields for outstanding foreign students. The Fulbright-mtvU Fellowships award up to four U.S. students the opportunity to study the power of music as a cultural force abroad. Fellows conduct research for one academic year on projects of their own design about a chosen musical aspect. They share their experiences during their Fulbright year via video reports, blogs and podcasts.[8]

Fulbright Program

Scholar grants
The Fulbright U.S. Scholar Program sends American faculty members, scholars and professionals abroad to lecture and/or conduct research for up to a year. The Fulbright Specialist Program sends U.S. faculty and professionals to serve as expert consultants on curriculum, faculty development, institutional planning, and related subjects at overseas academic institutions for a period of two to six weeks. The Fulbright Visiting Scholar Program and Fulbright Scholar-in-Residence Program bring foreign scholars to lecture and/or conduct post-doctoral research for up to a year at U.S. colleges and universities.[8] The Fulbright Distinguished Chair Programcomprises approximately forty distinguished lecturing, distinguished research and distinguished lecturing/research awards across disciplines ranging from three to 12 months.Awards in this program are viewed as among the most prestigious appointments in the Fulbright Scholar Program. Candidates should be eminent scholars and have a significant publication and teaching record.[9]

Teacher grants
The Fulbright Teacher Exchange Program supports one-to-one exchanges of teachers from K12 schools and a small number of post-secondary institutions. The Distinguished Fulbright Awards in Teaching Program sends teachers abroad for a semester to pursue individual projects, conduct research, and lead master classes or seminars.[8]

Grants for professionals


The Hubert H. Humphrey Program brings outstanding mid-career professionals from the developing world and societies in transition to the United States for one year. Fellows participate in a non-degree program of academic study and gain professional experience. The Fulbright U.S. Scholar Program sends American scholars and professionals abroad to lecture and/or conduct research for up to a year. The Fulbright Specialist Program sends U.S. faculty and professionals to serve as expert consultants on curriculum, faculty development, institutional planning, and related subjects at overseas academic institutions for a period of two to six weeks. The Fulbright U.S. Student Program offers fellowships for U.S. graduating seniors, graduate students, young professionals and artists to study abroad for one academic year. The Program also includes an English Teaching Assistant component. The Fulbright Foreign Student Program enables graduate students, young professionals and artists from abroad to conduct research and study in the United States. Some scholarships are renewed after the initial year of study.[8]

Fulbright-Hays Program
A portion of the Fulbright Program is a Congressional appropriation to the United States Department of Education for the Fulbright-Hays Program. These grants are awarded to individual U.S. K-14 pre-teachers, teachers and administrators, pre-doctoral students and post-doctoral faculty, as well as to U.S. institutions and organizations. Funding supports research and training efforts overseas, which focus on non-western foreign languages and area studies.[10] Budgetary reductions have forced the Department of Education to cancel many Fulbright-Hays Programs for the fiscal year of 2011, pending final congressional action.[11]

Fulbright Program

Administration
The program is coordinated by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) of the U.S. Department of State under policy guidelines established by the Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board (FSB), with the help of 50 bi-national Fulbright commissions, U.S. embassies, and cooperating organizations in the U.S.[1] The U.S. Department of State is responsible for managing, coordinating and overseeing the Fulbright program. Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs is the bureau in the Department of State that has primary responsibility for the administration of the program. The Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board is a twelve-member board of educational and public leaders appointed by the President of the United States that determines general policy and direction for the Fulbright Program and approves all candidates nominated for Fulbright Scholarships. Bi-national Fulbright commissions and foundations, most of which are funded jointly by the U.S. and partner governments, develop priorities for the program, including the numbers and categories of grants (an example being the Fulbright Commission Belgium. More specifically, they plan and implement educational exchanges, recruit and nominate candidates for fellowships; designate qualified local educational institutions to host Fulbrighters; fundraise; engage alumni; support incoming U.S. Fulbrighters; and, in many countries, operate an information service for the public on educational opportunities in the United States.[12] In a country active in the program without a Fulbright commission, the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy administers the Fulbright Program, including recruiting and nominating candidates for grants to the U.S., overseeing U.S. Fulbrighters on their grant in the country, and engaging alumni. Established in 1919 in the aftermath of World War I, the Institute of International Education was created to catalyze educational exchange. In 1946, the U.S. Department of State invited IIE to administer the graduate student component and CIES to administer the faculty component of the Fulbright ProgramIIE's largest program to date.[13] The Council for International Exchange of Scholars is a division of IIE that administers the Fulbright Scholar Program. AMIDEAST administers Fulbright Foreign Student grants for grantees from the Middle East and North Africa (except Israel). LASPAU: Academic and Professional Programs for the Americas administers the Junior Faculty Development Program, a part of the Fulbright Foreign Student Program, for grantees from Central and South America and the Caribbean. American Councils for International Education (ACTR/ACCELS) administers the Junior Faculty Development Program (JFDP), a special academic exchange for grantees from the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Southeast Europe. The Academy for Educational Development administers the Fulbright Classroom Teacher Exchange Program and the Distinguished Fulbright Awards in Teaching Program.

Related organizations
The Fulbright Association is an organization independent of the Fulbright Program and not associated with the U.S. Department of State. The Fulbright Association was established on Feb. 27, 1977, as a private nonprofit, membership organization with over 9,000 members. The late Arthur Power Dudden was its founding president. He wanted alumni to educate members of the U.S. Congress and the public about the benefits of advancing increased mutual understanding between the people of the United States and those of other countries. In addition to the Fulbright Association in the U.S., independent Fulbright Alumni associations exist in over 75 countries around the world.

Fulbright Program The Fulbright Academy is an organization independent of the Fulbright Program and not associated with the U.S. Department of State. A non-partisan, non-profit organization with members worldwide, the Fulbright Academy focuses on the professional advancement and collaboration needs among the 100,000+ Fulbright alumni in science, technology and related fields. The Fulbright Academy works with individual and institutional members, Fulbright alumni associations and other organizations interested in leveraging the unique knowledge and skills of Fulbright alumni.

Notable alumni
Fulbright alumni have occupied key roles in government, academia, and industry. 10 have been elected to US Congress[14] 18 have served as head of state or government[14] 1 has served as secretary general of the United Nations[14] 43 have received a Nobel Prize[15] 78 have received the Pulitzer Prize[16]

The following list is a selected group of notable Fulbright grant recipients:[2][17]


Ralph Abraham, American mathematician Cephas Yao Agbemenu African Art Professor and Traditional African Wood Carver-Traveler Debabrata Basu, the India-born mathematical-statistician, Florida State University Raj Aggarwal, American business and finance professor, former dean of University of Akron College of Business Administration Shamshad Akhtar, Pakistani banker, former governor of the State Bank of Pakistan (20062009) Arlene Alda, American author, photographer, and musician Shirley Strum Kenny, president of Stony Brook University H.T. Kirby-Smith, author and poet Werner Krieglstein, a German-American University of Chicago fellow, philosopher, author, and actor S.M. Krishna, Former chief minister of Karnataka, India, and the current Foreign Minister of India Laila Lalami, author and essayist Karen LaMonte, artist with works in the permanent collections of the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the De Young Museum, and others. Alexander Graf Lambsdorff, Diplomat and Member of the European Parliament Ben Lerner, poet Jack Levine, American painter and printmaker Samer Libdeh, journalist and researcher Daniel Libeskind, Polish-born American architect William S.W. Lim, Hong Kong architect and author John Lithgow, actor B. P. Loughridge, cardiovascular surgeon Alvin Lucier, composer of experimental music Dolph Lundgren, actor and director Reinhard H Luthin, historian and author Robie Macauley, novelist, editor and literary critic G. S. Maddala, econometrician Germain Marc'hadour, French literary historian Walter E. Massey, physicist, former president of Morehouse College and Chairman (2009) of Bank of America.

Karim Alrawi, Egyptian/British author and playwright Augusto lvarez Rodrich, Peruvian economist and journalist Harold Amos, American microbiologist and professor Francis Andersen, Australian Hebrew and biblical studies scholar

Nancy Andreasen, American neuroscientist, recipient of the National Medal of Science in 2000 Richard Antoun, American professor of anthropology at Binghamton University, murdered by graduate student in 2009 Sima Avramovic, Serbian law professor and legal author Craig Barrett, Former Chairman of the Board of Intel Corporation

Gad Barzilai, Professor of International Studies, Law, and Political Science, University of Washington Ed Bishop, American Actor, Radio and Theatre Productions UFO TV Series Melissa Block, American radio host, co-host of All Things Considered on National Public Radio Amar Bose, Chairman and founder of Bose Corporation David G. Bradley, Owner of the Atlantic Media Company and founder of the Advisory Board Company and the Corporate Executive Board Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, American research scientist Michael Bryant, Canadian politician, former Attorney General of Ontario

Fulbright Program
Storm Bull, American musician, composer, and educator Liam Byrne, British Labour politician Steven Campbell, Scottish artist Bob Carr, Australian politician Ron Castan, Australian Constitutional law barrister Wodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland A. D. Coleman, American photography critic and author Nathan Collett, filmmaker Aaron Copland, American composer [18] Arthur Chute McGill, American Theologian and the Bussey Professor of Theology at Harvard from 1971 until 1980. Martin V. Melosi, environmental and urban historian, University of Houston John Mendelsohn, president of the University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center William D. Metz, historian and heritage conservation scholar George Armitage Miller, psychologist and cognitive scientist John Atta Mills, president of Ghana Anna Moffo, operatic soprano Jrgen Mulert, economist, founder of the German Fulbright Alumni Association Loretta Napoleoni, economist, author, journalist and political analyst Robert Neffson, artist Donna Nelson, chemistry professor and scientific workforce scholar Marcus Nispel, film director Robert Nozick, [19] American political philosopher

Leah Curtis, Australian composer Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino writer Ivan Davis, classical pianist

Barbara Debs, Former president of Manhattanville College (19751985) Richard Debs, American investment banker, founding president of Morgan Stanley International Inc. Daniel Dennett, American philosopher, writer and cognitive scientist Niels Diffrient, American industrial designer William C. Dowling, scholar, author, social critic John W. Downey, contemporary classical composer Peter Drysdale, economist, his work provided the intellectual foundations for the establishment of APEC William Durden, president of Dickinson College Taghreed El-Khodary, journalist Erik Engstrom, CEO of Reed Elsevier Jan Erkert, modern dance artist Lee Evans, Olympic gold medalist John T. Fesperman, conductor and organist Charles Figley, president of the Green Cross academy of traumatology Christian Filippella, film director and writer Andrea Fitting, founder and CEO of Fitting Group, a challenger branding agency Rene Fleming, soprano John Miles Foley, scholar of comparative oral tradition Carlo Forlivesi, composer and researcher

Hilda Ochoa-Brillembourg, president and CEO of Strategic Investment Group Bamidele A. Ojo, professor of political science and international studies at Fairleigh Dickinson University Carlos Ott, Uruguayan architect Naana Jane Opoku-Agyemang, First female vice chancellor of a Ghanaian university Olara Otunnu, Ugandan advocate for child rights, and Uganda Presidential Candidate in 2010 Tarik O'Regan, composer Ron Padgett, American poet and translator Peggy Pettitt, African-American actor and storyteller Thomas R. Pickering, former US under secretary of state for political affairs Sebastin Piera, current president of Chile Sylvia Plath, poet Michael Pyatok, architect, Professor of Architecture at the University of Washington in Seattle Fazlur Rahman Khan, structural engineer Aneesh Raman, former CNN Middle East Correspondent Som Ranchan, Professor, author, and critic of Indian origin. Bertram Raven, psychologist John Rawls, Philosopher David Reagan, former director of Pepperdine University's Center for International Business, currently an evangelist and founder of Lamb and Lion Ministries Anand Reddi, global health advocate, physician-scientist Stephan Reimertz, writer and art historian Michael A. Rice, biologist and Rhode Island and state representative.

John Hope Franklin, James B. Duke professor emeritus of history at Duke University and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom Jonathan Franzen, novelist John R. P. French, psychologist

Fulbright Program
Andrs Gerevich, poet and screenwriter Riccardo Giacconi, physicist and 2002 Nobel Laureate Gabrielle Giffords, US Congresswoman Austan Goolsbee, economist and Presidential advisor Solomon W. Golomb, American mathematician; inventor of polyominoes, the inspiration for the computer game Tetris. Milton Glaser, graphic designer Philip Glass, American composer Oussama Romdhani, former Tunisian Communications Minister Michele van de Roer, contemporary French artist, painter, designer, and engraver Brian Rutenberg, American Abstract Artist Stefan Sagmeister, Graphic Designer and Typographer Theodore J. St. Antoine, Dean of University of Michigan School of Law and expert in labor relations and collective bargaining Nilofar Sakhi, women's rights activist in Afghanistan Ross Scaife, Founder and co-editor of The Stoa: A Consortium for Electronic Publication in the Humanities and founding editor of Suda On Line Philip Schultz Poet [20]

Betty Jane Gorin-Smith, Kentucky historian George J. Graham, Jr., political theorist John Granville, United States Agency for International Development diplomat assassinated in Sudan Harold J. Grimm, Professor of History and an authority on the Protestant Reformation Charles Gwathmey, architect Zahi Hawass, Secretary General, The Supreme Council of Antiquities; Egypt Neville Karunatilake, Governor, Central Bank of Sri Lanka

Benjamin Schwarz, literary editor and national editor, The Atlantic Ruth J. Simmons, president of Brown University Matt Sherman, former Department of State official and advisor to Generals Stanley McChrystal and David Petraeus Jane Smiley, American author Tom Smith, jazz musician, educator Javier Solana, former Secretary General of NATO and former EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy Olen Steinhauer, author Joseph Stiglitz, Nobel prize winning economist F. Gordon A. Stone, English chemist and recipient of the Davy Medal Terence Tao, mathematician, recipient of the Fields Medal Julie Taymor, designer and director Alfredo Toro Hardy, Venezuelan Ambassador to the United States, United Kingdom, Spain, Brazil, Chile, Ireland and Singapore Massimiliano Versace, scientist and director of the Neuromorphics Lab at Boston University Ernesto Villalobos, Mexican composer and award-winning violinist Bernt Wahl, American mathematician, entrepreneur, author and Industry Fellow at U.C. Berkeley Patricia Wasley, dean of the College of Education at the University of Washington and renowned education scholar Ulrich Wickert, German journalist and TV presenter Colin H Williams, Professor, School of Welsh, Cardiff University [20]

Joseph Heller, author Deborah Hertz, Herman Wouk Chair in Modern Jewish Studies at the University of California, San Diego Christof Heyns, Professor of Human Rights, former Dean of the University of Pretoria Faculty of Law and United Nations Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions Urs Hlzle, Senior Vice President of Operations and Google Fellow at Google Inc. Hao Huang, pianist and professor of music and American Studies Edgar Hull, Louisiana physician

Greg Hunt, Australian Politician Saeed Jaffrey, actor and recipient of an OBE Trevor Joyce, poet and member of Aosdana Alex Kahn, pageant performance artist Kusuma Karunaratne, Sri Lankan academic, university administrator, professor and scholar of Sinhalese language and literature Willliam Kelly American/Australian artist, humanist and human-rights advocate and former Dean (19751982) of the Victorian College of the Arts, Australia.

Malur R. Narasimha Prasad or M. R. N. Prasad, Indian Endocrinologist and scientist at World Health Organisation. Dale Chihuly, glass sculptor and entrepreneur.

Charles Wright, Poet

Jonathan Shapiro ("Zapiro"), South African cartoonist

Fulbright Program
Muhammad Yunus, Bangladeshi economist and founder of Grameen Bank, Nobel Prize winner Malini Khatri, Headmistress, Sir Sobha Singh Block, Modern School Barakhamba Road, New Delhi

J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding


The J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding, established in 1993, is awarded by the Fulbright Association to recognize individuals who have made extraordinary contributions toward bringing peoples, cultures, or nations to greater understanding of others. Fulbright Prize laureates include: Nelson Mandela (1993) Jimmy Carter (1994) Franz Vranitzky (1995) Corazon Aquino (1996) Vclav Havel (1997) Patricio Aylwin Azcar (1998) Mary Robinson (1999) Martti Ahtisaari (2000) Kofi Annan (2001) Sadako Ogata (2002) Fernando Henrique Cardoso (2003) Colin Powell (2004) Bill Clinton (2006) Desmond Tutu (2008) Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation [21] (2010) Mdecins Sans Frontires/Doctors Without Borders (2012)

References
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] "Fulbright Program Fact Sheet" (http:/ / fulbright. state. gov/ collateral/ fact-sheets/ fulbright-fact-sheet. pdf). U.S. Department of State. . "Notable Alumni" (http:/ / fulbright. state. gov/ notable-alumni. html). U.S. Department of State. . "Fulbright Sweden" (http:/ / www. fulbright. se/ ). 2010. . Retrieved 2010-12-27. "Fulbright: The Early Years" (http:/ / fulbright. state. gov/ history/ fulbright-the-early-years). U.S. Department of State. . "Harry S. Truman: Address to the United Nations Conference in San Francisco" (http:/ / www. presidency. ucsb. edu/ ws/ index. php?pid=12391). The American Presidency Project. . Retrieved 2012-12-20. [6] "About Fulbright" (http:/ / eca. state. gov/ fulbright/ about-fulbright). U.S. Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. . Retrieved 2012-12-20. [7] "Fields of Study/Project Topics" (http:/ / fulbright. state. gov/ grants/ fields-of-study/ project-topics. html). U.S. Department of State. . [8] "Which Fulbright is Right for Me? - Fulbright - International Educational Exchange Program" (http:/ / fulbright. state. gov/ grants/ which-grant-is-right-for-me). Fulbright.state.gov. 2008-01-31. . Retrieved 2012-06-11. [9] Overview | Fulbright Distinguished Chairs Program (http:/ / www. cies. org/ chairs/ ) [10] "Archived: International Education Programs Service - Fulbright-Hays Programs: The World is Our Classroom" (http:/ / www2. ed. gov/ about/ offices/ list/ ope/ iegps/ fulbright-hays. html). .ed.gov. . Retrieved 2012-06-11. [11] "Applicant Information - Fulbright-Hays-Doctoral Dissertation Research Abroad" (http:/ / www2. ed. gov/ programs/ iegpsddrap/ applicant. html). .ed.gov. 2012-05-15. . Retrieved 2012-06-11. [12] "Fulbright Commissions" (http:/ / fulbright. state. gov/ participating-countries/ fulbright-commissions). U.S. Department of State. . [13] "History | Who We Are | Institute of International Education" (http:/ / www. iie. org/ en/ Who-We-Are/ History). Iie.org. . Retrieved 2012-06-11. [14] "Fulbright Scholars | Embassy of the United States La Paz, Bolivia" (http:/ / bolivia. usembassy. gov/ educational_exchange/ fulbright-scholars. html). Bolivia.usembassy.gov. 2011-03-31. . Retrieved 2012-06-11.

Fulbright Program
[15] "Nobel Laureates | Institute of International Education" (http:/ / www. iie. org/ en/ Alumni/ Nobel-Laureates). Iie.org. . Retrieved 2012-06-11. [16] "Pulitzer Prize Winners | Institute of International Education" (http:/ / www. iie. org/ en/ Alumni/ Pulitzer-Prize-Winners). Iie.org. . Retrieved 2012-06-11. [17] "Fulbright Alumni Craig R. Barrett, John Hope Franklin, and Shirley Strum Kenny Receive Lifetime Achievement Medals" (http:/ / www. fulbright. org/ press_release/ 030907. htm). . [18] "'New' alumnus wins prestigious Fulbright postgraduate award" (http:/ / www. newcollege. unsw. edu. au/ news/ award/ new-alumnus-wins-prestigious-fulbright-postgraduate-award). New College, University of New South Wales. New College, University of New South Wales. . Retrieved 28 October 2012. [19] Juntin Wintle, Makers of modern culture (http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=991tT3wSot0C& lpg=PP1& ots=kMv9_Isgh9& dq=Makers of modern culture By Justin Wintle& pg=PP1#v=onepage& q& f=false), Routledge 2002. [20] "Fulbrighters & Pulitzer Prize Winners" (http:/ / fulbright. state. gov/ notable-alumni/ pulitzer-prize-winners). US Department of State. US Department of State. . Retrieved 28 October 2012. [21] "Bill and Melinda Gates Reference" (http:/ / www. fulbright. org/ saluting-leadership/ fulbright-prize/ previous-laureates). Fulbright.org. . Retrieved 2012-06-11.

External links
U.S. Department of State Fulbright Website (http://fulbright.state.gov/)Information clearing house for the entire Fulbright Program from the program's sponsor The Unofficial Guide to Fulbright Scholarships (http://fulbrightguide.org/)Compiled from interviews with dozens of Fulbright alumni, this guide is designed to help Fulbright applicants develop stronger projects and proposals, and help Fulbright grantees get the most out of their time abroad. Fulbright-Hays information from the U.S. Department of Education (http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ ope/iegps/fulbright-hays.html) Fulbright Student Program Homepage (http://www.fulbrightonline.org/)Fulbright grants for graduating seniors, recent college graduates, young professionals and artists Fulbright Scholar Program (http://www.cies.org/)Council for International Exchange of Scholars's website with information about Fulbright grants for university and college faculty, administrators and professionals Fulbright Teacher Exchange Programs (http://www.fulbrightteacherexchange.org/)Website for K12 Teacher Exchange Fulbright scholarship how to (http://www.phdfriend.com)Fulbright scholarship application guide and experiences The J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding (http://www.fulbrightalumni.org/olc/pub/ FBA/cpages/fulbright_prize/fulbright_prize.jsp)

Article Sources and Contributors

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Article Sources and Contributors


Fulbright Program Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=541126538 Contributors: -1g, 2002:A301:EC8B:B:D52F:2AC8:6B56:7E41, 3dome, 7&6=thirteen, AWCBoris, Afdezanta, Agacademic 2001, Al Lemos, Alansohn, Alexius08, Andreas Philopater, AndrewRT, Andy Marchbanks, Angela, Aoa8212, Araignee, Arthur Holland, Artsmusicfilmedits, Ary29, Asonesh, Attilios, Aymatth2, Bdesham, Beginning, Beland, Bevo, Bieswitch, Billy Hathorn, Blackweir, Bruxism, BuffaloBob, BullRangifer, Bwithh, Byron711, Carlj7, CawaK, Cazo3788, Cdnsrfr, Cdpnkr, Cgingold, Churn and change, Cjs2111, Cmacauley, Cmercer8, Cnbrammer, Comparativist, Cossde, Crimsonsunrise, Curb Chain, CutOffTies, Cyclopia, DavidOaks, Davidcannon, Dekimasu, Diverman, Dkriegls, Dlfreem, DocWatson42, Dominic, Donalds, Dukeofomnium, Dzordzm, Eastlaw, Ec cunanan, Edwardx, Emielvanegdom, Entheta, Epeefleche, Erianna, Eric, Espenrh, Eurodog, Ezeu, Faithportis, Fasten, Flying Wonnacott, Freechild, Friesemk, FrozenPurpleCube, Fulbright gaza, FulbrightAlumni, Funandtrvl, Garion96, GcSwRhIc, Gettingtoit, Gilderien, GoingBatty, Ground Zero, Hauganm, Henry Delforn (old), Hiftikhar, History prof 88, Hu12, Hughey, Idunno271828, Innapoy, Inwind, Itai, J04n, JHP, Jack1956, JamesMLane, Jamesmcardle, Jay Gregg, Jbouza, Jcravens42, Jeansoulin, Jernejzupanc, Jessica Gordon, Jiang, Jim1138, John Bahrain, JohnCD, Jonathan.s.kt, Jsmack, Karensteve, Kbdank71, Kbrose, Kdizza, Kemet, Kevinkellem, Klemen Kocjancic, Kmfstudios, Kobinaaddo, Konamaiki, LIU, Lascoot, LaszloWalrus, LauraFHilliger, Lazerus1980, Legis, Leon1948, Leszek Jaczuk, Liberace26, Lordjeffsofdelamere, Lotje, Lought, Luckydraws, Lukeh1, Lwilliamhurst, MER-C, MachoRaton, Madas, Malcolmxl5, Mandarax, Markduerksen, Marleau, Marzolo30, Maurice Carbonaro, Mikael Hggstrm, Mild Bill Hiccup, MillerRotary, Miracle Pen, Missionary, Misterx2000, Mitchoyoshitaka, Mnidza, Mohawkjohn, Morenooso, Mrodrigu, Nabilelias, Namiba, NapB9, Nauticashades, Neelix, Newport567, Niels, Nmo22, Noneforall, Npdoty, Omniarerum, Only, PFHLai, Pidara, Pissant, Piuslxix, Pkeets, Playtime, Pmanderson, Ppprasad, ProveIt, Pundit, Purple Duke, Pvosta, Qaswa, Rachelvh, Raggarwal uakron, Rasoul123, RetiredUser2, Reywas92, Ricfair, Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ), Rkevins, Rosenleben, Rozegoddess, Rslough, Ryan shepard123, SKA2009, Saga City, Sarge 5150, Sayohatchi, Segenay, Ser Amantio di Nicolao, Serein (renamed because of SUL), Sfan00 IMG, Shoeofdeath, SimonP, SirBlah, Smarteralec, Some jerk on the Internet, Steffensoldan, Stoko4, Swatjester, THEunique, THF, Tassedethe, Tburns4, Tekone Yoshimori, Thierry1975, Thisandthem, Tonmoy roy, Toytoy, Turnipse, Ukexpat, Uriber, Viajero, Vyktoria, WaldoJ, Wally, Wasted Time R, Wavehunter, Wedg, Wikibubbles, Wilkistudent, William.legacy, Woohookitty, Y, Zigzig20s, Zwylazee, ., 442 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors


Image:JWFulbright.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:JWFulbright.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Darth Kalwejt, Priwo, Scooter, Vsk

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