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ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSE THEORIES There are several other origin of matter theories which are but variants

of the Big Bang. Essentially the same problems apply to them: The Steady State Universe Theory Originated by *Fred oyle in !"#$% this theory says that% in the space between gala&ies% new matter is 'uietly but continually appearing out of nothing. (n !")*% oyle publicly abandoned the theory as ridiculous. The Oscillating Universe Theory This is another idea by *+eorge +amow. (t says that when the universe finally runs down% another Big Bang will start it going again. The main difference is that% while the first Bang occurred when nothing e&ploded into all the matter in the universe% the later ones would be the result of all the matter pac,ing into a tiny point and then e&ploding again. The Nebular Hypothesis -also called the .lanetesimal Theory/ says that% as the gas swirled around% eddies of gas caused the sun and planets. 0ll seven theories re'uire circling gas which contracts into the sun. 1e have already disproved the basics underlying this concept. 2any say that material from the sun made the planets and moons. But the elemental composition of each of the planets is different from the sun and from one another. One could not come from the other. (n addition% the sun would have to rotate e&tremely fast to hurl off planets and moons% yet it rotates very slowly. 2ore on this later. The Fision Theory says that our sun burst and sent out the planets and moons. But they would fly outward forever3 they would not stop and begin circling the sun or one another. The apture Theory says our planets and moons were wandering around and were captured by our sun. But they would then crash into the sun3 they would not circle it or one another. 1e never see planets or moons flying by us today% yet we now ,now of at least !*4 moons in our solar system -5et .ropulsion 6aboratory% 744)/. The !ccretion Theory says that small chun,s of material gradually got together and formed our planet. Then more chun,s formed our

moon% which began circling us. This idea is pretty far out also. The planets% moons% and asteroids are all in carefully arranged orbits. The meteors fly fast in linear motion. 8o chun,s are 9ust floating around% and those chun,s would not stic, together anyway. The "lanetary ollision Theory says our world collided with a small planet% producing our moon. But such an impact would totally destroy our planet. ow could such an impact produce a circling moon: This would have had to be repeated for all !*4 moons in our solar system. The theory would re'uire thousands of planets passing through our solar
system% for enough direct hits to produce all our moons. 1hy are not such flybys occurring today: The Stellar ollision Theory says that two stars collided% and produced our planets and moons. But they would not then pause and circle one of the suns which was waiting placidly to receive them. They would either be hurled away from the sun or crash bac, into it. The Gas loud Theory says gas clouds were pulled in from outer space by our sun;s gravity3 then they paused% formed themselves into planets and moons% and began circling one another. But gas does not clump% and linear motion toward the sun would not change into circular motion around it.