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DC-HSDPA Seminar for STC December 8, 2010

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DC-HSDPA

Describe the motivations for DC-HSDPA Highlight the impacts / changes in Access Stratum Examine the impacts on existing deployment Outline the future 3GPP multi-carrier roadmap

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References

3GPP Release 8 Specification References


TS 25.211 Physical Channels and mapping of Transport Channels onto Physical Channels TS 25.214 Physical Layer procedures

TS 25.306
TS 25.331 TS 25.433 TR 25.825

UE Radio Access Capabilities specification


Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol specification UTRAN Iub interface Node B Application Part (NBAP) signalling Dual-Cell HSDPA Operation (Withdrawn)

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Outline

Motivations Impacts on Access Stratum Impacts on Existing Deployment Future Multi-Carrier Roadmap

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What is DC-HSDPA?

DC-HSDPA allows the use of two adjacent DL carriers for increasing the downlink data rate
Up to 21Mbps with HSPA+ 64QAM
HS-DSCH 2

Up to 42Mbps
HS-DSCH 1

Aggregated Data Pipe

Up to 21Mbps with HSPA+ 64QAM

More physical layer resources become available with DC-HSDPA Up to two transport blocks can be sent without using MIMO Peak data rate becomes doubled
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Motivations for DC-HSDPA

Advantages: Higher peak and average single user downlink data rate with 2 DL carriers

(Up to 42Mbps) Reduced latency due to higher user throughput Higher cell capacity due to greater trunking efficiency and effective use of the 2 downlink carriers (increased diversity) in data scheduling Increased capacity for bursty applications, e.g. web applications
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Trunking Efficiency Gain with DC-HSDPA


Unused TTIs on each carrier may not be sufficient to serve more bursty traffic with QoS

Bursty traffic creates unused TTIs on each carrier which cannot be efficiently used by SC users
Time

Scheduling on F1

However, these TTIs on different carriers can be aggregated to serve more bursty traffic

Node B scheduler is able to schedule DC-HSDPA users on these TTIs

Scheduling on F2

Time

This significantly increase the trunking efficiency and thus provides signficiant capacity gain especially for very bursty applications such as HTTP web browsing
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Higher Capacity and Better User Experience

DC-HSDPA provides capacity gain beyond linear gain


Keeping the same average data burst rate (3Mbps), the capacity is increased by +200% Keeping the same capacity (10 users/sector), the average data burst rate is doubled Better User Experience
+100%
User Experience Boost

Capacity Increase

Trunking efficiency provides more than 100% capacity gain at low to intermediate loads

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Outline

Motivations Impacts on Access Stratum Impacts on Existing Deployment Future Multi-Carrier Roadmap

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Impacts on Access Stratum due to DC-HSDPA


UE DC-HSDPA Support
Physical Layer Configuration
Secondary cell configuration DC-HSDPA topology HS-SCCHs and HS-DPCCH Compatibility with other features

MAC Layer Configuration


MAC-ehs and HARQ

Mobility and Measurement Reporting


Intra-frequency Inter-frequency and Inter-RAT

NBAP Signaling

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UE DC-HSDPA Support

UE indicates its support for multi cell operation in the RRC Connection Request message

The presence of the Multi cell support IE


(RRCConnectionRequest-v860ext-IE) indicates that the UE can support DC-HSDPA

UE indicates its HS-DSCH reception capability in the RRC Connection Setup Complete message

Apart from the legacy HS-DSCH categories, the DC-HSDPA UE also


reports its support of HS-DSCH category 21 to 24 in the Release 8 physical layer category extension

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Additional HS-DSCH Categories


HS-DSCH Category Max # of Codes Min InterTTI Interval Max TB size Supported Modulation QPSK / 16QAM QPSK / 16QAM QPSK / 16QAM / 64QAM QPSK / 16QAM / 64QAM Peak Rate

21 22 23

15 15 15

1 1 1

23370 27952 35280

23.4 Mbps 28.0 Mbps 35.3 Mbps

24

15

42192

42.2 Mbps

HS-DSCH category 21-24 support Dual-Cell Operation

MIMO is not supported during Dual-Cell Operation in 3GPP R8 Cat 21 and 22 do not support 64QAM modulation Cat 23 and 24 support 64QAM modulation Code rates for Cat 21 and 23 are limited to only 0.823 Maximum L1 data rate in Release 8 DC-HSDPA is 42Mbps (Category 24)
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Secondary Cell Configuration

Two downlink carriers defined in RRC signaling messages


Two adjacent downlink carriers within 5MHz from each other in the same band Adjacent Frequency: A frequency whose centre is within 5 MHz of the centre of the currently used frequency and belongs to the same frequency band as that of the currently used frequency.

IE UARFCN downlink

Downlink Secondary Cell Info FDD contains the secondary cell configuration
Notes 0 16383 PSC: 0 511 DL SC for HS-DSCH and HS-SCCH (default is same as primary CPICH) For the secondary cell Number of HS-SCCHs and Code No Diff HS-SCCH config is OK Not necessarily same PSC

Primary CPICH info DL Scrambling Code New H-RNTI HS-SCCH Channelisation Code Info and Code

Downlink 64QAM configured


HS-DSCH TB Size Table (if Not64QAM) Measurement Power Offset

Use 64QAM format HS-SCCH and octet aligned TBS table


Use octet aligned TBS table (-6 .. 13) in steps of 0.5

With or without 64QAM Independent MPO


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Dual-Cell Topology

The nominal radio frame timing for CPICH and timing reference are the same on the secondary serving HS-DSCH cell UE shall not assume the presence of any common physical channels from the secondary cell other than CPICH

CPICH 2 HS-SCCH set 2 HS-DSCH 2

May not have other CCCHs

CPICH 1 + CCCHs HS-SCCH set 1 HS-DSCH 1

Same Timing

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HS-SCCH Configuration for DC-HSDPA

HS-SCCH Set monitored by the UE


One set for primary and one set for secondary serving HS-DSCH cell (if active) Maximum size is 4 per carrier and up to 6 in total

HS-DSCH or HS-SCCH Order


UE can receive either data or network command on each frequency carrier

Data: Up to 1 HS-DSCH per frequency carrier, or Network Command: Up to 1 HS-SCCH Order per carrier

HS-SCCH set 2 HS-DSCH 2

Up to 4 HS-SCCHs

Up to 6 HS-SCCHs in total
HS-SCCH set 1 HS-DSCH 1 Up to 1 HS-SCCH HS-SCCH Up to 4 HS-SCCHs

HSPA+ Carrier #1 (Non-Serving HS-DSCH Cell)


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Activation and Deactivation of Secondary Cell HS-DSCH Reception

Secondary Cell HS-DSCH Reception is activated if the following conditions are met:
The UE is in Cell_DCH state Valid secondary cell configuration is contained in Downlink Secondary Cell Info FDD HS-DSCH reception is activated

The UE shall de-activate the Secondary Cell HS-DSCH Reception, clear the stored secondary cell configuration, flush the HARQ buffers and release the HARQ resources (associated to the secondary serving HS-DSCH cell) if any of the following conditions is met:
The UE leaves the Cell_DCH state Downlink Secondary Cell Info FDD is empty HS-DSCH reception is de-activated

The network can also activate/de-activate the Secondary Cell HSDSCH Reception using the HS-SCCH orders
More information to follow in subsequent slide

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HS-SCCH Format for DC-HSDPA

HS-SCCH Type 1 is used during Dual Cell Operation


MIMO (HS-SCCH Type 3) and HS-SCCH-less (HS-SCCH Type 2) are not allowed in conjunction with DC-HSDPA in 3GPP Release 8

Secondary serving HS-DSCH cell activation / deactivation (1 bit)

The third order bit (xord,3) is used to activate / deactivate secondary serving HSDSCH cell UE behavior is unspecified if contradictory HS-SCCH orders are received
Part 1 Part 2
Mod. (1 bit) ( 0 ) Spec. Info. type (6 bits) (111101) Spec. Info. Bits (7 bits) Order Type Order Reserved (3 bits) (3 bits - first 2 (1 bit) (001) bits reserved) UE CRC (16 bits) CCS (7 bits) (1110000)

HS-SCCH Order

HS-SCCH set 2

xord,3 = xsecondary,1 = 1
HS-SCCH set 1 HS-SCCH set 1

xord,3 = xsecondary,1 = 0

SC-HSDPA

DC-HSDPA
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HS-DPCCH ACK/NACK

HS-DPCCH redesign is needed to support the transmissions of


two sets of ACK/NACK for the primary and secondary serving HS-DSCH cells
ACK/NACK coding scheme is similar to the MIMO one (with10 bits data)

10 codewords (c.f. 8 for MIMO) to represent all combinations of ACK, NACK, and No Transmission for the two carriers plus 2 codewords for PRE and POST HARQ Response to the Serving HS-DSCH Cell
ACK NACK ACK NACK ACK ACK NACK ACK NACK

Codeword No
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

HARQ Response Type


Single TB on the Serving HSDSCH Cell Single TB on the Secondary Serving HS-DSCH Cell

HARQ Response to the Secondary Serving HS-DSCH Cell

Single TB on each of the Serving and Secondary Serving HS-DSCH cells

ACK NACK NACK

PRE POST
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HS-DPCCH - CQI

HS-DPCCH redesign is needed to support the transmissions of


two sets of CQI for the primary and secondary serving HSDSCH cells
CQI coding scheme is also similar to the MIMO one (with10 bits data)

10 bits are used to carry two individual CQI reports: CQI1 and CQI2 CQI1 corresponds to the serving HS-DSCH cell and CQI2 corresponds to the secondary serving HS-DSCH cell This allows 5 bits CQI for each carrier (allowing CQI values ranging from 0 to 30) Legacy 16QAM and 64QAM CQI tables are used as per TS25.214 Same timing and reporting as per 3GPP Release 7
CQI Mapping Table Reference 64QAM not configured C D C D C D N/A F G 64QAM configured F G

HS-DSCH Category 13 14 21 22 23 24

64QAM CQI Tables 16QAM CQI Tables

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DC-HSDPA Throughput

42.19

1. Max Throughput 3GPP layer 1


1.82

27.95 21.10 13.98 10.13 7.21 3.65

42.19

2. Max Throughput UTRAN layer 1


1.72

27.95 21.10 13.98 10.13 7.08 3.58

41.64

3. Max RLC Throughput


1.60

27.57 20.81 13.79 9.60 6.72 3.36

Cat 24 TP (Mbps) Cat 16 TP (Mbps) Cat 14 TP (Mbps) Cat 10 TP (Mbps)


37.85

4. Consider average 10% S-BLER


1.45

25.07 18.92 12.53 8.73 6.11 3.05

Cat 9 TP (Mbps) Cat 8 TP (Mbps) Cat 6 TP (Mbps) Cat 12 TP (Mbps)


36.69

5. Discount TCP/IP headers


1.41 0.00

24.29 18.34 12.15 8.46 5.92 2.96

5.00

10.00

15.00

20.00

25.00

30.00

35.00

40.00

45.00

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Compatibility with Other Features

CPC - DTX and DRX


DC-HSDPA can operate simultaneously with DTX and DRX DRX timing and status must be the same for both carriers

CPC - HS-SCCH-less
HS-SCCH-less HS-DSCH transmission on the secondary serving HS-DSCH cell is not allowed in conjunction with DC-HSDPA

MIMO
DC-HSDPA does not support MIMO in 3GPP Release 8

Transmit Diversity
STTD is allowed during dual cell operation but the configuration needs to be the same for both carriers. CLTD, TSTD and MIMO are not allowed in conjunction with DC-HSDPA.

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MAC

Joint Queue Scheduling

Simple design for fast implementation

To MAC-d MAC-ehs
LCH-ID Demux Reassembly LCH-ID Demux Reassembly Reordering

MAC Control

One HARQ Entity per HS-DSCH

Reordering

Separate HARQs running on each carrier with no interaction (different than MIMO) Retransmissions sent on the same carrier only
Associated Downlink Signalling

Re-ordering queue distribution Disassembly HARQ HARQ

HS-DSCH

Associated Uplink Signalling

Associated Downlink Signalling

HS-DSCH

Associated Uplink Signalling

One MAC-ehs entity

RLC is not affected

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Mobility Active Set in DC-HSDPA

Active Set considers the Serving HS-DSCH cell frequency only


Secondary serving HS-DSCH cell on supplementary carrier is disregarded in the active set definition

No increase in ASET size

Active Set Update and Serving Cell Change triggered by intra-frequency events with reference to the Serving HS-DSCH cell only
Active Set Update: Event 1a, 1b, 1c on the primary carrier Serving Cell Change (SCC): Event 1d, (and potentially 1a, 1c) on the primary carrier Enhanced Serving Cell Change (E-SCC) is supported with DC-HSDPA configured

Active Set

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Continuity of DC-HSDPA Upon Serving Cell Change

DC-HSDPA can continue after Serving Cell Change


Active Set Update or Reconfiguration message can specify new secondary serving HS-DSCH cell configuration in Downlink Secondary Cell Info FDD

There is flexibility in controlling when to turn on /off the


secondary cell HS-DSCH reception
HS-SCCH orders can be used to de-activate / activate secondary cell HS-DSCH reception For example, original serving cell may de-activate DC-HSDPA upon reception of event 1d measurement report, and target serving cell may activate DC-HSDPA after successful serving cell change

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Mobility Inter-Frequency and Inter-RAT

Inter-Frequency and Inter-RAT measurement reporting based on


the Serving HS-DSCH cell frequency only
Serving HS-DSCH cell frequency = current frequency = used frequency Secondary Serving HS-DSCH cell frequency = non-used frequency

No impact on the Event 2d / 2f evaluation (triggering/de-triggering Compressed Mode measurements) No impact on the Event 3a evaluation (triggering Inter-RAT Handover)

Compressed Mode measurements and Inter-RAT Handover


triggered by
Event 2d: The estimated quality of the currently used frequency is below a certain threshold. Event 2f: The estimated quality of the currently used frequency is above a certain threshold. Event 3a: The estimated quality of the currently used UTRAN frequency is below a certain threshold and the estimated quality of the other system is above a certain threshold.

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Mobility Moving from DC-HSDPA to SC-HSDPA

Activation / De-activation of DC-HSDPA when moving between SCHSDPA cell and DC-HSDPA cell
L1: HS-SCCH order L3: Active Set Update, Physical Channel / Transport Channel / Radio Bearer Reconfiguration

Blind / Measurement based DC-HSDPA reconfiguration


DC-HSDPA reconfiguration can be based on the target serving cell configuration (without UE measurements) DC-HSDPA reconfiguration can also be based on UE measurements (if the coverage of the two carriers is different)

Event 2c: The estimated quality of a non-used frequency is above a certain threshold Event 2e: The estimated quality of a non-used frequency is below a certain threshold

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UE Measurement

Measurement on Secondary Serving HS-DSCH cell frequency


Adjacent frequency index IE extracted and stored in the variable Adjacent frequency info included in CELL_INFO_LIST UE may measure the secondary serving HS-DSCH cell frequency without Compressed Mode if the UE has such measurement capability (i.e., indicated in RRC Connection Setup Complete)

Index
New Inter-Frequency Cells { CellID: 0 CellID: 1 Carrier 1 CellID: 2 CellID: 3 Carrier 2

CELL_INFO_LIST
CELL_INFO_LIST Inter-Frequency Cell Info List { CellID: 0 CellID: 1 CellID: 2 CellID: 3 CELL_INFO_LIST Adjacent Frequency Info

CellID: maxCellMeas -1}

CellID: maxCellMeas -1

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NBAP Signaling

DC-HSDPA needs to be signaled in the UMTS RAN and this requires changes to some NBAP and Iur messages:
AUDIT RESPONSE RESOURCE STATUS INDICATION RADIO LINK SETUP REQUEST / RESPONSE / FAILURE RADIO LINK ADDITION REQUEST / RESPONSE / FAILURE RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION PREPARE / READY / REQUEST / RESPONSE RADIO LINK PARAMTER UPDATE INDICATION

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Outline

Motivations Impacts on Access Stratum Impacts on Existing Deployment Future Multi-Carrier Roadmap

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Co-existence with Legacy UEs

Legacy UEs and DC-HSDPA capable UEs can be mixed on the same carriers
Separate HS-SCCH sets on the two carriers No need to set aside dedicated spectrum for DC-HSDPA

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Effective Use of the Under-Utilized Carrier


High traffic sector would require one voice carrier and two HSPA+ carriers
Low traffic sector may not justify deployment of three frequency carriers Under-utilized voice carrier capacity can be utilized with DC-HSDPA Voice and other real-time applications should be prioritized by network QoS mechanism
Smaller TBS assigned on F1 if resources are running low
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Outline

Motivations Impacts on Access Stratum Impacts on Existing Deployment Future Multi-Carrier Roadmap

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DC-HSDPA and MIMO

In 3GPP Release 9, DC-HSDPA can be combined with MIMO


Upto 84Mbps in 10MHz Potentially higher spectral efficiency than Release 8 DC-HSDPA

MIMO beamforming can improve cell-edge users


Cell-edge users cannot benefit from 64QAM

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Multicarrier Roadmap 4 DL Carriers

In 3GPP Release 9, aggregation of up to four DL carriers


provides increased capacity due to greater trunking efficiency Improved user experience by bundling mutiple carriers
Up to 84Mbps with 4x carriers (no MIMO)

Efficient resource utilization by dynamic load balancing


Load balancing also improves performance for legacy UEs

DC-HSUPA can provide significant uplink throughput and


capacity gain
Uplink peak rate doubled to 23Mbps in 10MHz Greater trunking effciency and better user experiences

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Multicarrier Roadmap Multi-Band Support

Aggregation across bands leverages operators complete


spectrum assets
Facilitates possiblity of aggregating more than two carriers Lower band coverage benefits for all MC UEs

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DC-HSUPA

In 3GPP Release 9, DC-HSUPA can provide significant uplink


throughput and capacity gain
Uplink peak rate doubled to 23Mbps in 10MHz Greater trunking effciency and better user experiences

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DC-HSDPA What Did We Learn?

Why was DC-HSDPA introduced? What would be the impacts of DC-HSDPA on Access

Statum? What would be the impacts of DC-HSDPA on existing R7 deployment? How does the future roadmap of multicarrier support look like?

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Exercises

1. What are the improvements of multi-carrier HSDPA? 2. What are the limitations of 3GPP Release 8 DC-HSDPA?

3. How can the network activate / de-activate DC-HSDPA?


4. List the features that are not compatible with DC-HSDPA.

5. What enhancements does 3GPP Release 9 introduce in


multi-carrier HSPA?

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Exercises Answers
1. 2. 3.
What are the improvements of multi-carrier HSDPA? Answer: Higher peak rate, increased capacity and better user experiences What are the limitations of 3GPP Release 8 DC-HSDPA?

Answer: Only two adjacent carriers max (in the same band), 64QAM only
How can the network activate / de-activate DC-HSDPA? Answer: L1: HS-SCCH orders, L3: Active Set Update, Reconfiguration messages, etc.

4.
5.

List the features that are not compatible with DC-HSDPA.


Answer: MIMO, CLTD, TSTD, HS-SCCH-less What enhancements does 3GPP Release 9 introduce in multi-carrier HSPA?

Answer: 4 carriers HSDPA (64QAM), DC-HSDPA with MIMO, DC-HSUPA

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Comments/Notes

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