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"THE INTEGRATION AND OPERATION OF WIND

POWER PLANTS INTO POWER SYSTEMS"

TRAINING COURSE

Curricula for

MODULE 2
CRITERIA/REQUIREMENTS/CERTIFICATES FOR WIND POWER PLANTS CONNECTION
AND OPERATION TO/AS PART OF THE NATIONAL POWER SYSTEM (NPS).
THE DIMENSIONING AND SAFETY IN OPERATION OF THE ELECTRICAL POWER
NETWORKS/NPS, IN CASE OF WIND POWER PLANTS CONNECTION AT NPS
ELECTRICAL POWER NETWORKS.
Ph. D. Vatră Fănică - LPQI/LPQIVES National Coordinator
Ph. D. Poida Ana - LPQI/LPQIVES National Manager

LPQIVES is co-finaced by:

LPQIVES is a programme of:

LPQI is part of:

www.lpqi.org
PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
Copyright ©SIER. fax number: + 021.610.52.83
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Module 2
CRITERIA/REQUIREMENTS/CERTIFICATES FOR WIND POWER PLANTS CONNECTION
AND OPERATION TO/AS PART OF THE NATIONAL POWER SYSTEM (NPS).
THE DIMENSIONING AND SAFETY IN OPERATION OF THE ELECTRICAL POWER
NETWORKS/NPS, IN CASE OF WIND POWER PLANTS CONNECTION AT NPS
ELECTRICAL POWER NETWORKS.
1 INTRODUCTION
The utilisation of the wind installations represents a serious option for electrical energy generation,
but the connecting conditions of the power plants at the power system and the injection of electrical
energy/power into the electrical power system is not so easy at it looks. The cost of the produced
wind energy also is depending on the nodes to which the respective wind power plants (WPP) are
connected on. The wind power plants can be connected at different points of medium and high
voltage, having -as a consequence - different operation costs, which are depending on the local
electrical networks configuration, the costs of electrical lines needed for the connection of the wind
power plants at power system and the costs of the needed electrical networks modifications.
The proposed connecting solutions have to assure the optimal and absolutely safety operation of the wind
groups, as well the fulfilment of the electrical networks operators and system operators specific
requirements, for do not affect the optimal and absolutely safety operation of the electrical networks,
respectively of the entire power system.

1.1 General aims


This module’s general aim is to provide the attendants the basic knowledge about the connection
and operation of the wind groups and power plants at/into the electrical networks of the NPS and
about the dimensioning and safety in operation of the electrical power networks, respectively of the
NPS, in case of wind power plants connection at NPS electrical power networks.
The aim is achieved through 6 didactic sections, presented at point 2.2 from curricula.
1.2 Target groups
This module’s target groups are: investors, consultants, designers, electrical installations building up or
installation work contractor, managers and specialists from the electricity generation companies based on
renewable power resources, respectively from the electricity companies, responsible with the initiation,
financing, designing, implementation/performing, operating and maintenance of wind installations, from
equipment sellers and services, as well, who intend to increase their knowledge in this field.
2 SPECIFIC AIMS AND TOPICS
The pathway of module consists of a 2 days seminar, subdivided in sections (with different
duration), with these contents and related aims.
1st day
Contents The connection of the wind power plants at the NPS electrical networks. Electrical generators
used into wind power plants. The wind power groups control. The operation of the wind groups
and power plants into the electrical networks of the NPS.
Aims The first day aim is to provide the attendants the basic knowledge about the main
components and parameters/characteristics of the wind installations, as well reffering to the
connection and the operation of the wind groups and power plants into the electrical
networks of the NPS.
2nd day
Contents The influence of the electrical power networks/NPS on wind power plants operation. The
electrical power networks/NPS operation in case of wind power plants connecting to the
electrical networks of the NPS. The wind power plants control. The integration into the
operative/dispatching control of NPS.
Aims During the second day are provided the basic knowledge about the influence of the electrical power
networks on wind power plants operation, the electrical power networks/NPS operation in wind power
plants presence. Also, there are presented several basic information as regards the wind power plants
control and their integration into operative/dispatching control of NPS.

Below there’s an overview of the module contents.


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PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
Copyright ©SIER. fax number: + 021.610.52.83
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2.1 Pathway of course / module

Time
Knowledge
progression Section level
(hours)

Lesson
Course
015 Course
opening
opening. Lesson and discussions
Information.

Connection of WPP at
215 1 NPS electrical
networks

El. generators used


315 2 into wind power
plants.

Wind power
430 3 groups
control.

The WPP operation


630 4 into el. networks. The
influence on WPP.

El. power networks/


730 5 NPS operation in WPP
presence

WPP integration into


900 6 NPS dispatching
control

The end of Final discussions.


930 seminar/
Questioner filling.
Confirmation of attendance.
module

3 MODULE DETAILED PROGRAM

First day:
60 min. Participants registration
15 min. Course opening. Information.

120 min. Section 1: The connection of the wind power plants at the NPS electrical
networks.
- The main components and parameters/characteristics of a wind installation/ group.
- The electrical schema of a wind group.
- Operating regimes / states of a wind group.
- The voltage levels at which the wind groups/power plants can be connected.

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PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
Copyright ©SIER. fax number: + 021.610.52.83
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- The internal electrical network of wind power plants.


- Wind groups/power plants connecting solutions to the electrical power systems.
- Technical aspects of the wind power plants connecting to the electrical power system.
Services that can be performed by the wind groups/power plants.
- International standards relating to the wind power plants and connecting of distributed
sources to power systems
Modality: Lesson and discussions.
30 min. Coffee break

60 min. Section 2: Electrical generators used into wind power plants.


- The asynchronous machine.
- The asynchronous generator with short-circuited rotor.
- The asynchronous generator with phase-wound rotor.
- The synchronous generator.
- The reactive power control when wind groups are used.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.

75 min. Section 3: Wind power plants control.


- General idea of wind power groups/units control.
- Monitoring and control system of the wind power group/unit.
- The control system of turbine.
- The control system of generator
Modality: Lesson and discussions.
Second day:
120 min. Section 4: The operation of the wind power plants into the electrical networks.
The influence of the electrical power networks on wind power plants operation.
- The network voltage variation/fluctuation.
- The short circuit currents.
- The active power losses.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.

30 min. Coffee break

60 min Section 5: The electrical power networks/NPS operation in wind power plants
presence.
- The losses into the electrical power distribution networks.
- The safety operation of the electrical power system.
- The contribution of wind power systems at the system services performing.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.

90 min. Section 6: The integration into the operative/ dispatching control of NPS.
- The wind power plants monitoring.
- The operative/dispatching control of NPS.
- The integration of wind power plants into the operative/dispatching control of NPS
- The operational/operative control extended to big wind power plants.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.
30 min. Final discussions.
End of the module/course. User Satisfaction Questioners filling by the attendants.
Confirmation of attendance at module/course.

www.lpqi.org
PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
Copyright ©SIER. fax number: + 021.610.52.83
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GENERAL NOTES:
- each day there will be coffee breaks, in the purpose of dividing the teaching periods in
sections not exceeding 2.5 hours;
- at the beginning of the module the lecturer will explain the module aims;
- at the end of the module/lessons, a user satisfaction survey will help the lecturer in
monitoring the module quality.

4 TEACHING METHODS
Teaching methods are summarized in three main moments:
− knowledge transfer (Lesson): topics exposure by the lecturer with the help of slides and
eventually other electronic tools (animations, data sheets, didactic movies);
− deepening/learning verification (Discussion): general discussion stimulated by the lecturer
(also during the lesson) to verify knowledge transfer and to eventually deepen particular topics.
During all the sections, the lecturer will always attend, with teaching and/or activity coordination duty.

5 DIDACTIC MATERIAL AND TOOLS


The didactic tools which will be used by the lecturers will be:
− Blackboard;
− Video-projector;
− Pointer;
− Notebook.
The lecture room will be suitable to allow the use of all the above listed didactic tools.
Each user will receive, during the registration, a folder containing:
− course program;
− lecture notes containing all or part of the lecture slides.
At the end of each lesson/section the lectures will perform a Test referring to the taught knowledge.
Some additional materials are available, as electronic form, at: http://www.leonardo-energy.org
The folder will also include a user satisfaction questionnaire (which will be filled by attendants at
the end of the course)..

6 EXISTING KNOWLEDGE REQUIREMENTS

Level
Topic
Basic Medium High
General energetics. Renewable resources •
Electrical circuits •
Electrical networks and systems •
Electrical power plants •
The operative control of NPS. •

7 ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE
The knowledge acquired during the seminar/module should be sufficient for retention of basic
aspects referable to:
- The connection of the wind power plants at the NPS electrical networks.
- Electrical generators used into wind power plants.
- The wind power plants control.
- The operation of the wind power plants into the electrical networks.
- The influence of the electrical power networks on wind power plants operation.
- The electrical power networks/NPS operation in wind power plants presence.
- The wind power plants integration into the operative/ dispatching control of NPS.

www.lpqi.org
PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
Copyright ©SIER. fax number: + 021.610.52.83