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"THE INTEGRATION AND OPERATION OF WIND

POWER PLANTS INTO POWER SYSTEMS"

TRAINING COURSE

Curricula for

MODULE 4
THE VALUE OF THE WIND ENERGY. THE LOCAL EFFECTS OF THE
WIND POWER PLANTS. STORAGE SYSTEMS. ON-SITE TESTS. WIND
POWER PLANT DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION.
Ph. D. Vatră Fănică - LPQI/LPQIVES National Coordinator
Ph. D. Poida Ana - LPQI/LPQIVES National Manager

LPQIVES is co-finaced by:

LPQIVES is a programme of:

LPQI is part of:

www.lpqi.org
PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
Copyright ©SIER. fax number: + 021.610.52.83
1

Module 4
THE VALUE OF THE WIND ENERGY. THE LOCAL EFFECTS OF THE
WIND POWER PLANTS. STORAGE SYSTEMS. ON-SITE TESTS. WIND
POWER PLANT DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION.

1 INTRODUCTION
Development and implementation of wind power plants is strongly supported by the European
Community, which led practically to an impressive growth of wind power groups in operation or
under development, in all countries.
Technological developments and increasing the number of wind power groups led to a decreasing of
the specific investment, and consequently the price which can be offered on the market electricity
produced from wind. Knowing the value of wind energy and structure of costs for these facilities and
proper management can ensure the success of such investments.
The connecting of wind power plants at the electrical power networks is following the manufacturer
which has tested on-site the wind power groups in order to predetermine the influence of wind power
plants on the power quality of the electricity network, to which are connected to, and to ensure an
interconnected operation of wind power plant with the electric power grid.

1.1 General aims


The main objectives of this module of the course is to provide the attendants basic knowledge about
the value of wind energy, the cost structure, the market of electricity produced from renewable
resources, wind power plants impact on the environment, the possibilities of storing electricity and to
familiarize them with requirements relating to the on-site testing of wind power groups and steps to
be taken for implementation/performing and operation of a wind power plant.
1.2 Target groups
This module’s target groups are: investors, consultants, designers, electrical installations building
up or installation work contractor, managers and specialists from the electricity generation
companies based on renewable power resources, respectively from the electricity companies,
responsible with the initiation, financing, designing, implementation/performing, operating and
maintenance of wind installations, from equipment sellers and services, as well, who intend to
increase their knowledge in this field.
2 SPECIFIC AIMS AND TOPICS
The pathway of module consists of a 2 days seminar, subdivided in sections (with different
duration), with these contents and related aims.
1st day
Contents The value of wind energy. The electricity market. Green certificates. The influence of
wind power plants on the environment and population. Storage systems for wind energy.
Aims The objective of the first day of the course is to provide to participants knowledge about value
of wind energy and the market of electricity produced from renewable resources. Also, there
are shown the wind power plants impact on the environment and measures to limit these
effects, and a series of storage systems for electricity produced in wind power plants, as well.
2nd day
Contents The procedure for measuring the wind power groups parameters needed to assess the
influence on the power quality. An example of predetermination, by calculating, of the
influence of a wind power plant on the power quality of the electricity network to which is
connected to. Project, construction and operation of a wind power plant. Information on
wind power groups. Other statistical data.
Aims In the second day are presented measuring procedure and an example of using the wind
power group's parameters that influence the power quality.
Also, there are presented the steps to be taken for the implementation and operation of a wind
power plant, and some information on the characteristics of the wind power groups in use, as well.

Below there’s an overview of the module contents.


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PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
Copyright ©SIER. fax number: + 021.610.52.83
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2.1 Pathway of course / module

Time
Knowledge
progression Section level
(hours)

Lesson
Course
015 Course
opening
opening. Lesson and discussions
Information.

The value
115 1 of
wind energy.

Electricity market.
215 2 Green Certificates.

The influence of wind


315 3 power plants on the
environment and
population.

Storage systems for


415 4 electricity

The measuring of wind


15 power groups parameters.
6 5 E.g., the predetermination of
WPP influence on PQ.

Wind power plant


15
8 6 development and
operation.
Case-Study.

Information on wind
830 7 power groups.
Other statistical data.

The end of Final discussions.


00 Questioner filling.
9 seminar/
Confirmation of attendance.
module

3 MODULE DETAILED PROGRAM

First day:
60 min. Participants registration
15 min. Course opening. Information.

60 min. Section 1: The value of the wind energy. Case-Study.


- The structure of costs for wind power installations.
- Costs of maintenance and operation.
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PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
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- The cost of energy produced by wind power plants.


- Environmental costs.
- Case-Study.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.
60 min. Section 2: The electricity market. Green Certificates.
- The legislative framework.
- Green Certificates Market.
- The degree of concentration on Green Certificates Market.
- Certification of origin of electricity produced from renewable resources.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.
30 min. Coffee break
60 min. Section 3: The influence of wind power plants on the environment and
population.
- Visual impact (integration into the local landscape)
- Wind power installations - a source of noise and vibration
- Impact on flying birds.
- Electromagnetic interference.
- Flicker effect (flickering) and "shading" effect.
- The risk to trigger blackouts or damages with major impact.
- Other types of impact.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.
60 min. Section 4: Storage systems of wind energy.
- Need for storage of electricity produced by wind power plant.
- Storing electrical energy in electric field or magnetic field
- Super-capacitors or ultra-capacitors.
- Magnetically storage of electrical energy in superconductors (SMES -
Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage).
- Storing electrical energy in non-electrical form (as other forms of energy)
- Use of storage batteries (chemical storage).
- Using flywheel for energy storage.
- Storage of compressed air (CAES - Compressed Air Energy Storage)
- Overview of the methods of storage
- Other methods of storage.
- Comparison between the storage systems.
- Power flows control.
- Connecting chemical storage systems to the electrical power network.
- Use of energy storage for load curve correction.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.
Second day:
120 min. Section 5: The procedure for measuring the wind power groups parameters
needed to assess the influence on the power quality. An example of
predetermination, by calculating, of the influence of a wind power plant on the
power quality of the electricity network to which is connected to.
- The measurement procedures recommended by IEC 61400-21 standard
- An example of predetermination, by calculating, of the influence of a wind power plant
on the power quality of the electricity network to which is connected to.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.
30 min. Coffee break
120 min. Section 6: Project, construction and operation of a wind power plant - Case Study.
- Case Study subject.
- Initiation phase and the feasibility of a wind power plant.
- Pre-building/construction phase.
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PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
Copyright ©SIER. fax number: + 021.610.52.83
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- Building/construction/commissioning phase.
- Operation and maintenance phase.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.
15 min. Section 7: Information on wind power groups. Other statistical data.
Modality: Lesson and discussions.
30 min. Final discussions.
End of the module/course. User Satisfaction Questioners filling by the attendants.
Confirmation of attendance at module/course.

GENERAL NOTES:
- each day there will be coffee breaks, in the purpose of dividing the teaching periods in
sections not exceeding 2.5 hours;
- at the beginning of the module the lecturer will explain the module aims;
- at the end of the module/lessons, a user satisfaction survey will help the lecturer in
monitoring the module quality.

4 TEACHING METHODS
Teaching methods are summarized in three main moments:
− knowledge transfer (Lesson): topics exposure by the lecturer with the help of slides and
eventually other electronic tools (animations, data sheets, didactic movies);
− deepening/learning verification (discussion): general discussion stimulated by the lecturer
(also during the lesson) to verify knowledge transfer and to eventually deepen particular topics.
During all the sections, the lecturer will always attend, with teaching and/or activity coordination duty.

5 DIDACTIC MATERIAL AND TOOLS


The didactic tools which will be used by the lecturers will be:
− Blackboard;
− Video-projector;
− Pointer;
− Notebook.
The lecture room will be suitable to allow the use of all the above listed didactic tools.
Each user will receive, during the registration, a folder containing:
− course program;
− lecture notes containing all or part of the lecture slides.

At the end of each lesson/section the lectures will perform a Test referring to the taught knowledge.
Some additional materials are available, as electronic form, at: http://www.leonardo-energy.org/drupal/

The folder will also include a user satisfaction questionnaire (which will be filled by attendants at
the end of the course).

6 EXISTING KNOWLEDGE REQUIREMENTS Electrical circuits

Level
Topic
Basic Medium High
Electrical networks and systems •
Electrical power plants •
Environment protection •
Electricity market •
The measurement of electrical values •
Initiation and progress of an investment •

www.lpqi.org
PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
Copyright ©SIER. fax number: + 021.610.52.83
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7 ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE
The knowledge acquired during the seminar/module should be sufficient for retention of basic
aspects referable to:
- Electricity Market for electricity produced from renewable resources.
- Wind power plants impact on the environment and measures to limit their effects.
- Electricity storing possibilities for electricity produced in wind power plants.
- The measuring of the wind power groups/units parameters needed to assess the influence
on the power quality
- Predetermination, by calculating, of the influence of a wind power plant on the power quality
of the electricity network to which is connected to.
- Steps to be taken for the performing and operation of a wind power plant.

www.lpqi.org
PARTNER NAME S.I.E.R.  internet address - www.sier.ro e-mail address: office@sier.ro  Address: Bdul Lacul Tei no.1, sector 2, Bucureşti phone number + 0722.361.954 
Copyright ©SIER. fax number: + 021.610.52.83