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Construction Specification

1.

Scope

2.

Material

3.

Site preparation

4.

Soil Boring Analysis:

A

5.

Protection & Storage of Piles

6.

PGD Pile, general

7.

Pile Installation

is

1.

2.

3.

Installation duration.

4.

12.

is 1. 2. 3. Installation duration. 4. 12. Defective piles 8. Concrete Grout All concrete grout
is 1. 2. 3. Installation duration. 4. 12. Defective piles 8. Concrete Grout All concrete grout

Defective piles

8. Concrete Grout

All concrete grout shall be in conformance with the specifications and the recommendations of the American Concrete Institute (A.C.I.). The concrete grout shall be certified F'c= 4,000 PSI. No loads shall be transmitted through the pile until 4,000 psi is achieved and cured.

The grout line shall be continuously pumping grout following the starter pile section placement and during the entire pile installation while drilling occurs.

9. Load testing

When load testing is specified, the engineer shall be present for the test to ensure the test pile is driven according to the procedure as specified in Section 7. Resistance piles may be required to ensure the proper load is achieved to accurately load test the piling. After the test pile is installed and cured, the test can be performed. The pile can be either tested with static axial compressive load in accordance with ASTM D1143 or high strain dynamic (HSD) axial load testing in accordance with ASTM D4945. Any testing must be done by

a licensed professional engineer within the state of installation. The maximum deflection permitted of the test pile head is 1-inch when tested with static axial compressive load or as determined by the

engineer.

For the static axial compression load test the loads shall be applied gradually, without impact, and in a manner that no other forces are applied to the pile other than the forces the test is intended for (i.e. no lateral loads are to be executed during an axial load test). Except as otherwise specified, load tests shall be performed according to the following procedures.

Static Axial Compressive Load Test Set Up:

1. Place the reaction frame over the pile to be tested, reaction frame should be capable of resisting 10%

more than the test load, the test load shall be defined by the engineer.

2. During a static test, the test pile length above grade must allow the load cell and steel base plate to fit

under the reaction frame 3.Place the load cell on the steel plate atop the test pile and bring the ram into contact with the test frame at 300 psi to put the system in tension. 4.Utilize a dial indicator with an accuracy of 0.001 inches. Place the dial indicator in a location to measure the movement of the pile. Do not attach the dial indicator to the pile or the reaction frame. The dial indicator support base is placed at least 60 inches from the pile shaft

Static Axial Compressive Load Test Procedure: NOTE: The procedure can be modified by the engineer with regard to increments

1. Increase hydraulic pressure by 1000 psi increments and hold pressure at each increment for 2

minutes.

2. At each 2 minute increment, measure and record the deflection.

3. At 200% of the design load, hold for 2 minutes then measure and record the deflection.

4. Decrease the load by 1000 psi increments hold for 30 seconds then measure and record.

The HSD axial load test is a non-destructive test. It is intended that the test shaft be left in a condition suitable for use in production. The dynamic load test shall be performed in the following manner:

HSD Axial Load Test Set Up:

1. A drop weight of approximately two percent of the anticipated test shaft capacity, as determined by

the engineer shall be used. The impacting surface of the drop weight should have an area between 70 and 130% of the test shaft top area. The shape of the ram weight should be as regular as possible

(square, round,

hexagonal, etc.)

2. A free falling drop weight device with variable drop heights (typically between 2 and 7 ft), or a single

drop height with variable weights, shall be used as determined by the engineer.

3. A top cushion shall be used, consisting of new sheets of plywood with total thickness between 2 to 6

inches or as determined by the engineer.

4. A surveyor's transit, laser light or equivalent for measurement of pile set under each impact should be

used.

5. It is the owner's/contractor's responsibility to employ and compensate a specialized dynamic testing

firm with a minimum of five years of experience in HSD axial load testing.

HSD Axial Load Test Procedure:

1. The test shaft shall be constructed using approved installation techniques.

2. The top of the test shaft should be approximately 28 to 30 inches above grade and free of mud,

debris,concrete etc. so as to provide a smooth, clean surface for attachment of the sensors.

3. Prior to testing, the contractor shall make the shaft test area length completely accessible to the

testing engineer. The top sensor is typically attached at least one diameter or more below the socket coupling on the shaft. The top and bottom sensors shall be installed 18-24 inches vertically apart, on opposite sides of the pile. Sensors shall be attached by the testing engineer or at the direction of the testing engineer to the exposed steel casing in a secure manner as to prevent slippage under impact. Alternatively, a top transducer provided by the test engineer can contain the strain measurement, and accelerometers are attached to the shaft approximately one foot below the top of shaft.

4. The plywood cushion shall be applied and then the strike plate to the shaft top.

5. At least two hammer impacts should be applied to the top of the shaft. First drop weight impact

should be minimal to allow the testing engineer to assess the testing equipment, the impact system and

the stresses on the foundation. Subsequent impact(s) can then be applied by utilizing sequentially higher drop heights or additional weights until either stresses in the foundation are excessive or the shaft permanent set for the applied impact exceeds 0.1 inch.

6. Upon completion of the test, it is the contractor's responsibility to return the shaft to acceptable

production condition.

7. In addition to the field results, results from at least one CAPWAP analysis or equivalent shall be

submitted by the engineer. The results shall provide:

a. Wave equation analysis results obtained prior to testing.

b. CAPWAP or equivalent analysis results.

c. For each impact the maximum measured force, maximum calculated tension force, transferred

energy to the sensor location, corresponding stresses, and the Case Method bearing capacity.

10.Connections and fittings:

All connections and fittings shall be provided as specified on the design plans. No variations are permitted without the written consent of the engineer. All connections and fittings above grade shall be either painted or powder coated to protect the steel from corrosion. 11.Cutting off piles

A pile section will be interlocked onto the above grade pile section and additional pile sections added

until the designed height is achieved or exceeded.In the event that a pile height exceeds the designed height the pile shall be cut in clean, straight lines where required. Any irregularities shall be leveled off

with deposits of weld metal or by grinding before placement of the Hale Built bearing caps. Hale Built pile bearing caps shall be field welded utilizing the four (4), 1-inch diameter, weld holes. The weld shall be inspected by the engineer prior to any load being transmitted through the pile.

Any pile damaged in driving, driven out of proper location, or inaccurately cut off shall be corrected by one of the following methods, as approved by the engineer:

a. The defective pile shall be pulled and replaced or re-driven, if at all possible.

b. A new pile shall be driven adjacent to the defective pile. The defective pile shall be cut so as

the top of the pile is below grade (minor excavation may be required for this method)

All piles pushed up by the driving of adjacent piles or by any other cause shall be re-driven to final grade,without compromising the pile, if possible Any pile shaft ruptured in the interlock or otherwise damaged during driving shall be pulled and replaced if possible or deemed to be defective and a new pile shall be driven adjacent to it.

13. Correcting surface heave

Any excess material resulting from displacement of earth during pile installation shall be removed. Materials disturbed by pile installation shall be conditioned and compacted to a minimum density equal to adjacent undisturbed material following the installation of the pile.

14. Exterior Pile Treatment

Hale Built Pressure Grouted Displacement Piles can be finished in various ways to achieve an aesthetically pleasing look. The exterior of the pile can be enclosed with wood framed or masonry enclosures so long as they comply with local FEMA regulations. The enclosure finishes may include but are not limited to manufactured stone veneer, brick, stucco, EIFS, epoxy coating and/or any other wood framed enclosures with cladding. The manufacturer installation manual/instructions of the cladding chosen should be stringently followed to ensure a proper installation.

15. Items of Work and Construction Details

Items of work to be performed in conformance with this specification and the construction details therefore included in the approved engineering drawings are:

Bid Item - APE Pressure Grouted Displacement Pile (1) This item shall consist of furnishing and installing the APE Pressure Grouted Displacement Pile as shown on the approved drawings. (2) The pilings and appurtenant metalwork shall meet the requirements of ASTM A328. The piling will be installed starting from the centerline on the drawings and progressing away from the centerline. (3) Piling shall have the requirements as specified in the engineering drawings. (4) The Hale Built load bearing pile connection shall be installed as per the engineering drawings. The pile cap shall be welded to the pile, ensuring a solid connection. If the interlocking portion of the top shaft of the pile is designated to be removed, follow the procedure as outline in Section 11. Other types of connections will require the approval of the engineer.

NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER

The information contained on this specification sheet prepared by FWH Associates, P.A. and Hale Built, has been prepared solely for informational purposes to assist licensed architects and professional engineers in specifying this product. The professional shall not rely upon this specification without verifying its accuracy and applicability pertaining to the proposed project. The right to change these specifications without notice is reserved.

API Steel Displacement Pile Diameter (in)

APE Capacities

Thickness

(in)

Weight

(plf)

Moment

of Inertia

(in 4)

Ultimate

Axial Load

Capacity

(kip)

Ultimate

Lateral

Load

Capacity

Design

Axial

Load

Capacity

Design

Lateral

Load

Capacity

 

(kip)

(kip)

(kip)

4.5

0.290

14

8.54

90

22

45

11

5.5

0.415

23

21.57

100

33

50

16

7.0

0.403

29

46.07

180

40

90

20

API = American Petroleum Institute Spec Q1 Registered/ISO & TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot

TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.
TS 29001 Registered in = Inches plf = Pounds per linear foot www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd.

www.halebuilthouseraising.com 821 Mantoloking Rd. Brick, NJ 08723

732-202-6207

Date of Publication: November 2013

3

1" HOLES FOR 4 " LAG BOLT 4 TYP.

GIRDER

ELONGATED HOLE FOR HORIZONTAL ADJ. 4" TO 6" FULLY WELDED ASSEMBLY 3 4 " X
ELONGATED HOLE
FOR HORIZONTAL
ADJ. 4" TO 6"
FULLY WELDED
ASSEMBLY
3 4 " X 3" CARRIAGE
BOLTS 4 TYP.
1" HOLES FOR
PLUG WELDS

7" DIA. PILE

ITEM NO.

QTY.

1

1

2

QTY.

1

1

2

QTY.

HBPC.A(7)

A 8" OD TUBE

WITH 1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELD

HBPC.A(7)

B 18" X 18" X 1/2" TOP PLATE

HBPC.A(7)

C 8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE

5.5" DIA. PILE

IT EM NO.

HBPC.A(5.5) A

6" OD TUBE WITH 1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELD

HBPC.A(5.5)

B

18" X 18" X 1/2" TOP PLATE

HBPC.A(5.5) C

8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE

4.5" DIA. PILE

ITEM NO.

8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE 4.5" DIA. PILE ITEM NO. HBPC.A(4.5) A B HBPC.A(4.5) HBPC.A(4.5)

HBPC.A(4.5) A

B

HBPC.A(4.5)

HBPC.A(4.5) C

5" OD TUBE

WITH 1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELD

1

18" X 18" X 1/2" TOP PLATE

1

8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE

2

PILE CAP TYPE "A"

SCALE: 1" = 1'-0"

2 PILE CAP TYPE "A" SCALE: 1" = 1'-0" 1" HOLES FOR 3 4 " LAG
2 PILE CAP TYPE "A" SCALE: 1" = 1'-0" 1" HOLES FOR 3 4 " LAG
2 PILE CAP TYPE "A" SCALE: 1" = 1'-0" 1" HOLES FOR 3 4 " LAG
2 PILE CAP TYPE "A" SCALE: 1" = 1'-0" 1" HOLES FOR 3 4 " LAG
2 PILE CAP TYPE "A" SCALE: 1" = 1'-0" 1" HOLES FOR 3 4 " LAG
2 PILE CAP TYPE "A" SCALE: 1" = 1'-0" 1" HOLES FOR 3 4 " LAG

1" HOLES FOR 3 4 " LAG BOLT 5 TYP.

ELONGATED HOLE FOR HORIZONTAL ADJ. 4" TO 6"

5 TYP. ELONGATED HOLE FOR HORIZONTAL ADJ. 4" TO 6" 7" DIA. PILE ITEM NO. QTY.
5 TYP. ELONGATED HOLE FOR HORIZONTAL ADJ. 4" TO 6" 7" DIA. PILE ITEM NO. QTY.

7" DIA. PILE

ITEM NO.

QTY.

HBPC.B(7)

A 8" OD TUBE

WITH 1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELD

1

HBPC.B(7)

B 22" X 22" X 1/2" TOP PLATE

1

HBPC.B(7)

C 8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE

3

5.5" DIA. PILE

 

ITEM NO.

 

HBPC.B(5.5) A

6" OD TUBE

WITH 1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELD

1

HBPC.B(5.5)

B

22" X 22" X 1/2" TOP PLATE

1

HBPC.B(5.5) C

8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE

3

4.5" DIA. PILE

ITEM NO.

QTY.

HBPC.B(4.5) A

5" OD TUBE

WITH 1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELD

HBPC.B(4.5)

B

22" X 22" X 1/2" TOP PLATE

HBPC.B(4.5) C

8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE

1

1

3

GIRDER

C 8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE 1 1 3 G I R D E R

3 4 " X 3" CARRIAGE BOLTS 4 TYP.

1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELDS

PILE CAP TYPE "B"

SCALE: 1" = 1'-0"

GIRDER

CAP TYPE "B" SCALE: 1" = 1'-0" GIRDER 1" HOLES FOR 3 4 " LAG BOLT

1" HOLES FOR 3 4 " LAG BOLT 4 TYP. ELONGATED HOLE FOR HORIZONTAL ADJ. 4" TO 6"

7" DIA. PILE

ITEM NO.

QTY.

HBPC.C(7)

A 8" OD TUBE WITH 1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELD

HBPC.C(7)

B 22" X 22" X 1/2" TOP PLATE

HBPC.C(7)

C 8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE

1

1

3

5.5" DIA. PILE

ITEM NO.

QTY.

HBPC.C(5.5) A

6" OD TUBE

WITH 1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELD

HBPC.C(5.5)

B

22" X 22" X 1/2" TOP PLATE

HBPC.C(5.5) C

8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE

1

1

3

4.5" DIA. PILE

ITEM NO.

QTY.

HBPC.C(4.5) A

HBPC.C(4.5)

HBPC.C(4.5) C

5" OD TUBE WITH 1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELD

B 22" X 22" X 1/2" TOP PLATE 8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE

X 1/2" TOP PLATE 8" X 6" X 1/2" ANGLE 3 4 " X 3" CARRIAGE

3 4 " X 3" CARRIAGE BOLTS 4 TYP.

1

1

3

1" HOLES FOR PLUG WELDS

PILE CAP TYPE "C"

SCALE: 1" = 1'-0"

PILE CAP MANUFACTURER:

FAIRFIELD INDUSTRIES, INC

827 NORTH 6TH STREET, NEWARK, NJ 07107

PHONE: 973-483-0100

FAX: 973-483-5333

Hale Built Pressure Grouted Displacement Pile Foundation

process for low ceiling (i.e. 9-10 ft. clearance) or open site conditions, at the locations shown on the approved engineering drawings.

The specified piles consist of API5CT L-80 steel casing pipe sections, 5 to 40 foot lengths, up to the ASTM A328/A328M-07 standards for deep foundation systems.

Prior to installation, the site shall be cleaned of all construction debris and the locations for the piles to be marked on suitable grade with the proper surveying equipment. Any excavation within the area to be occupied by bearing piles shall be completed before the piles are driven. If excavation is necessary for installation of the piles then all excavations shall be performed in compliance with OSHA standards. NOTE: Structure/ceiling supports, under low ceiling conditions (e.g cribbing columns supporting an elevated house), must be properly located to allow pile installation equipment clear access to all pile locations.

soil boring shall be performed to a depth as specified by the engineer on the site.

The PGD Piles must be stored a suitable distance from the construction activity to prevent incidental damage to the equipment, piles and persons. The piles may be placed in stacks (not to exceed 4 shafts high); however, the first section (helical shaft) shall not, in any circumstances, be placed in stacks. If placed in stacks, there is a potential for the helical plates to be damaged. If shafts are to be stored in stacks, adequate bracing must be installed on either side of the stack to prevent the pile shafts from displacing from the specified location. The plastic thread protectors that are on the piles shall not be removed until the section of pile is ready to be placed into position.

After placement on site, the piles shall be moved in a safe manner. Any piles over 10 feet in length shall be moved with the appropriate sized drill socket on the drilling machinery only so as to prevent the piles from dropping, thus damaging the pile and/or persons. The safety chain must be utilized at all times during pile transport while on the project site.

Prior to installation of the piles, the contractor shall notify the engineer that pile driving is to commence far enough in advance (i.e. a minimum of 24 hours) to provide the engineer adequate time to be present,considering travel time. Piles shall be driven only in the presence of the engineer. The determination of piling order lengths shall be the contractor's responsibility unless otherwise specified.The lengths shall conform to the approved engineering drawing's specified bearing capacity. Under no circumstances may the APE PGD Pile be installed with any equipment other than the APE PGD Pile socket drive drill. Only brackets specified or approved equal by the design engineer shall be utilized.

After the pile locations have been marked on site according to the approved engineering drawings, the pile can be prepared for installation. The appropriate caution should take place while moving the pile sections into position, as outlined in Section 5 of this specification. The protective plastic caps on each end of a pile shaft section shall not be removed until ready to be moved into position. The socket end of the starter pile section (with helical blades and grout port) shall be manually set into the APE pile drill head,(with grout line properly attached), on an appropriately sized excavator (open site conditons) or other appropriate machinery for use under low ceiling conditions, with the safety chain inserted. The starter pile section can then be moved into place,over the marked location, then lowered into place. Once the machine operator deems the pile is in the proper location and the surroundings are clear, the pile can be drilled until the remaining shaft section is approximately one foot (1') above grade; then the drill socket shall be disconnected from the shaft.

The next pile shaft section shall be transported into position following the same procedure and safety precautions as the previous section. Once the following shaft is in position, a laborer must manually align the threaded end of the piling into the previously installed pile section's socket. After insertion, the laborer must manually turn the pile into the next section enough to catch the threads within the installed section. Once the shaft is initially inserted into the next section and deemed within the thread, the pile drill head shall be used to drill the pile section into the pile section that is extended above grade. The top shaft section, when drilled will catch into the next section and irreversibly lock both sections together. The grout plug shall then be inserted into the shaft of the second section and for each following shaft section until the pile toe is properly embedded. The piling shall be drilled in this manner to ensure: 1) proper interlocking of each pile shaft section throughout the entire length of each pile and 2) that the concrete grout-soil mixture is evenly distributed along the entire borehole,totally encasing the below grade piling surface. This process shall continue for the following sections until the specified depth or bearing capacity is achieved; at which time the use of the grout plug is discontinued. The piles shall be drilled to the position, line, and batter specified on the drawings. Each pile shall be driven continuously and without interruption to the specified depth or until the specified bearing capacity

obtained so as to prevent the concrete grout from curing during installation.

After the final above grade section(s) is inserted and interlocked to achieve design height the Hale Built pile cap can be inserted. Should the cap not be installed immediately following the pile installation and the pile is four (4') feet or less in height, a temporary cover must be set atop. The following information shall be recorded in a project log book during pile installation for each foundation project:

Starting elevation and total number of sections and length of each pile.

Grout volume installed per foot and minimum and maximum grout pressure used to install the grout.

Break cylinder(s) identification data and the grout design mix for grout delivered or mixed on site.

Under no circumstances may deviation from this installation procedure occur. Should any unforeseen events prevent this procedure from being executed, the engineer of record shall be notified prior to the pile driving continuing. Should an obstruction be encountered or the pile cannot be advanced to the design depth the engineer shall be informed immediately. If the obstruction is shallow then it may be excavated and removed. NOTE:

1.Concrete grade beams are not required nor recommended for Pressure Grouted Displacement Piles. 2.The soil shall be assumed to be corrosive. As such, protection from corrosion will be provided on all pile sections. The pile below grade will be encased inside and out by the concrete grout mixture. Galvanizing of the piping below grade is not an acceptable method of corrosive protection. All piping above grade shall have an epoxy type polyamide coating to protect the steel from corrosion. The section of pile from final grade to 5-feet below final grade shall also be epoxy coated. Selection of the epoxy type coating shall consider UV resistance due to direct sunlight exposure and ease of minor coating repair.