You are on page 1of 2

11/13/13

Far-western blotting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Far-western blotting
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Far-western blotting is a molecular biological method which is based on the technique of western blotting to detect protein-protein interaction in vitro. While usual western blotting uses an antibody to detect a protein of interest, far-western blotting uses a non-antibody protein, which can bind the protein of interest. Thus, whereas western blotting is used for the detection of certain proteins, far-western blotting is rather employed to detect protein:protein interactions.

Method
In conventional western blotting, gel electrophoresis is used to separate proteins from a sample; these proteins are then transferred to a membrane in a 'blotting' step. In a western blot, specific proteins are then identified using an antibody probe. Far-western blotting employs non-antibody proteins to probe the protein(s) of interest on the blot. In this way, binding partners of the probe (or the blotted) protein may be identified. The probe protein is often produced in E. coli using an expression cloning vector. Proteins in a cell lysate containing prey proteins are firstly separated by SDS or native PAGE, and transferred to a membrane, as in a standard WB. The proteins in the membrane are then denatured and renatured. The membrane is then blocked and probed, usually with purified bait protein(s). The bait proteins are detected on spots in the membrane where a prey protein is located, if the bait proteins and the prey protein together form a complex. The probe protein can then be visualized through the usual methods it may be radiolabelled; it may bear a specific affinity tag like His or FLAG for which antibodies exist; or there may be a protein specific antibody (to the probe protein). Because cell extracts are usually completely denatured by boiling in detergent before gel electrophoresis, this approach is most useful for detecting interactions that do not require the native folded structure of the protein of interest.

External links
Far-Western Blotting (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/cgi/mesh/2011/MB_cgi?mode=&term=Far-Western+Blotting) at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Overview at piercenet.com (http://www.piercenet.com/method/far-western-blot-analysis) Overview at utoronto.ca (http://www.utoronto.ca/krause/Farwestern.html) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Far-western_blotting&oldid=577586512" Categories: Molecular biology techniques Protein methods Biology stubs
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Far-western_blotting 1/2

11/13/13

Far-western blotting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page was last modified on 17 October 2013 at 15:43. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Far-western_blotting

2/2