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So now we have the seven modes.

There are 3 three scales that are very commonly used in jazz music and popular music and all three of them are used on dominant seven type harmonies. So let's take a look at each. The first one we're going to discuss is called the Lydian flat 7. It's a Lydian scale but instead of having the natural 7 it has a flat 7. Right. [SOUND] That's the Lydian flat seven scale. Then we have a scaled called the altered scale. Now, you've all seen chord symbols that for instance say c seven flat nine. [SOUND] Well, that ninth, [SOUND] has been [SOUND] altered. Been made a half-step lower, in order to make it sound more dissonant and have a richer color. There are several notes in this scale that can be altered to make them more dissonant. And there is a scale, which uses all of them in one scale. And there, that's how it gets the name the altered scale. So think of it this way. I'm going to walk you through each note of the scale. There's the root, then theres the flat nine, the sharp nine, the three, the sharp 11, the flat 13, the flat seven and the C. So, the. The four altered notes, flat 9, sharp 9, sharp 11, flat 13 are in that scale along with the basic chord outline, 1, 3, and 7. It's a very common scale. In jazz harmony [UNKNOWN] seven chords so you'll use them a lot. That's the altered scale, and I'm going to come back to it in a minute and tell you one little oddity about the altered scale that you need to keep in mind, but the third of these additional scales and the last of the ten Is the symmetrical diminished. As you might expect, it sounds like the diminished chord. [MUSIC] And in fact it's made up, you could say, of two [MUSIC] of two diminished scales, combined. Two diminished chords combined. [MUSIC]. It's a close cousin of the altered scale.

It's almost the same. It starts out the same, [SOUND], the root, [SOUND], the flat nine, [SOUND], the sharp nine, [SOUND], the third, [SOUND], the sharp 11. But instead of the lowered six, that flat 13. [INAUDIBLE] We have the five and six [MUSIC] , so the bottom of the diminished scale, the symmetrical diminished scale [MUSIC], is the same as the altered but [MUSIC], the top notes are slightly different. So, those are the three, and their, all three of these scales are used on dominant seven type. Harmonies. Now, as I said, there's one more thing to point out about the altered scale. It has a secret note. That's what I call it. As it turns out, the fifth of the chord is perfectly usable. During an altered chord harmony and an altered scale. It's not included because we have a complete sounding scale without the fifth so if we added it- [SOUND] It would just be an extra chromatic note in there. And so, it was left out in terms of describing the official altered scale. But the reason you need to know about the fifth being possibly included is that you will run into altered harmonies in songs, and there'll be the fifth in the melody. You know, obviously called for by the composer. It sounds good and it works. So keep in mind in an altered harmony situation even though it isn't officially in the scale. It is also a perfectly usable note on an altered scale.