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Alireza TalebiTaher, M.V. Roshan, P.

Shutler,
R.S. Rawat, P. Lee, S.V. Springham

Plasma Radiation Sources Laboratory (PRSL)


Natural Science and Education (NSSE)
National Institute of Education (NIE)
Nanyang Technological University (NTU)

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
NX2 Plasma Focus Device
Capacitance (C0) 28.8 F (0.6 F  48)
Charging voltage (max) 15 kV
Energy (E0) 3 kJ
Inductance of circuit (L0) 26 nH
Impedance (Z0) 30 m

Anode radius (α) 11.5 mm


Cathode radius (b) 32.0 mm
Repetition rate (max) 16 Hz
Max. current (at 12.5 kV) 410 kA
Operating Gas H2 , D2 , Ne , Ar

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Plasma Focus phases

Radial Phase

Axial Acceleration
Phase
Cathode

Anode Cathode

Breakdown Phase
soft x-ray, hard x-ray,  ray, high energy
Insulator Pseudo Spark
deuteron and electron and
Gap Switch fusion products:
High Voltage
Power Supply D+D p (3Mev) + T (1Mev) 50%
(Charger)
28.8 μF / 15kV D+D n (2.5Mev) + He (0.8Mev) 50%
International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Motivation and Application
Plasma Focus Imaging by:
 Conventional Camera
 Shadowgraphy
 X-Ray radiography
Fusion Source Imaging by Proton Tracking
Application:
 Astronomy
 Medical Radiography

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Aperture Imaging

Optical Imaging
Pinhole Imaging
Depth of Field
Chromatic Aberration
X-ray, -ray, particles
Little light or particle
bigger pinhole !
Coded Aperture Imaging…
Encoded Image
Decoded Image

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Mask Fabrication
HAVAR alloy
Co, Fe, Cr, Ni, W, Mo, Mn and C
Micro-EDM

Mask pattern
2020 pixels
57 holes with 6.3% open area

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Detector: CR-39 (PM355)
Chemical formula (C12H18O7)
Etching
Etchant chemistry (KOH, NaOH,…)
Molarity
Temperature
Etching Time
Particle Proton min. Deuteron min.
Filter energy (MeV) energy (MeV)
Kapton (50μm) 1.8 2.3
Kapton (75μm) 2.3 3.0
Kapton (100μm) 2.7 3.6
3 MeV proton depth of proton 3 MeV deuteron depth of deuteron
residue energy in CR-39 residue energy in CR-39
Kapton
2.1 67 1.5 25
(50μm)
Kapton
1.6 41 0.05 0
(75μm)

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Experimental Setup with  source
Radium-226 (5μCi – 24110 years – 4.87 to 5.6 MeV)

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Experimental Result with  source
1 point source 2 point source Rectangular source

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Experimental Setup with PF
0 degree 90 degree

Camera 35 degree

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Experimental Result with PF

0 degree 90 degree 35 degree

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Conclusion!

Coded Aperture Imaging works well for Fusion Source Imaging


in Plasma Focus Device.

The Fusion Source in NX2 looks like a cylinder around the


pinch.

For Extended source, we need a bigger mask and naturally bigger


detector.

By mixing these results with proton and neutron anisotropy, we


can reach to a better understanding about plasma fusion behavior in
Plasma Focus device.

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore
Thank you

Q ? and A!

International Workshop on Plasma Diagnostics and Application, 2-3July 2009, NIE, NTU, Singapore