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Appendix: Listing of the 14 schema modes 1. Child modes 1.1 Vulnerability 1.1.

1 Vulnerable Child: Feels like a lonely child that is alued only insofar as !s"he can aggrandi#e his$her parents. %ecause the most important emotional needs of the child ha e generally not been met& the patient usually feels empty& alone& socially unacceptable& undeser ing of lo e& unlo ed and unlo able. 1.' Anger 1.'.1 Angry child: Feels intensely angry& enraged& infuriated& frustrated or inpatient& because the core emotional !or physical" needs of the ulnerable child are not being met. (hey ent their suppressed anger in inappropriate )ays. *ay make demands that seem entitled or spoiled and that alienate others. 1.'.' +nraged Child: +xperiences intense feelings of anger that results in hurting or damaging people or ob,ects. (he displayed anger is out of control& and has the goal of destroying the aggressor& sometimes literally. -as the affect of an enraged or uncontrollable child& screaming or acting out impulsi ely to an !alleged" perpetrator. 1.. Lack of discipline 1...1 /mpulsi e Child: Acts on non0core desires or impulses from moment to moment in a selfish or uncontrolled manner to get his or her o)n )ay& )ithout regard to possible conse1uences for the self or others. 2ften has difficulty delaying short0time gratification and may appear 3spoiled3.

1...'

4ndisciplined Child: Cannot force him$herself to finish routine or boring tasks& gets 1uickly frustrated and gi es up soon.

1.4 -appiness 1.4.1 -appy Child: Feels at peace because core emotional needs are currently met. Feels lo ed& contented& connected& satisfied& fulfilled& protected& praised& )orth)hile& nurtured& guided& understood& alidated& self0 confident& competent& appropriately autonomous or self0reliant& safe& resilient& strong& in control& adaptable& optimistic and spontaneous. '. *aladapti e coping modes '.1 5urrender '.1.1 Compliant 5urrender: Acts in a passi e& subser ient& submissi e& reassurance0seeking& or self0deprecating )ay to)ards others out of fear of conflict or re,ection. 6assi ely allo)s him$herself to be mistreated& or does not take steps to get healthy needs met. 5elects people or engages in other beha iour that directly maintains the self0defeating schema0dri en pattern. '.' A oidance '.'.1 7etached 6rotector: 8ithdra)s psychologically from the pain of the schemas by emotionally detaching. (he patient shuts off all emotions& disconnects from others and re,ects their help& and functions in an almost robotic manner. 5igns and symptoms include depersonalisation& emptiness& boredom& substance abuse& bingeing& self0mutilation& psychosomatic complaints and 3blankness3. '.'.' 7etached 5elf05oother: 5hut off their emotions by engaging in acti ities that )ill someho) soothe& stimulate or distract them from feeling. (hese beha iours are usually undertaken in an addicti e or compulsi e )ay& and

can include )orkaholism& gambling& dangerous sports& promiscuous sex& or drugs abuse. Another group of patients compulsi ely engages in solitary interests that are more self0soothing than self0stimulating& such as playing computer games& o ereating& )atching tele ision& or fantasi#ing. '.. 2 ercompensation '...1 5elf0Aggrandiser: %eha es in an entitled& competiti e& grandiose& abusi e& or status0seeking )ay in order to ha e )hate er they )ant. (hey are almost completely self0absorbed& and sho) little empathy for the needs or feelings of others. (hey demonstrate superiority and expect to be treated as special and do not belie e they should ha e to follo) the rules that apply to e eryone else. (hey cra e for admiration and fre1uently brag or beha e in a self0aggrandi#ing manner to inflate their sense of self. '...' %ully and Attack: 7irectly harms other people in a controlled and strategic )ay emotionally& physically& sexually& erbally& or through antisocial or criminal acts. (he moti ation may be to o ercompensate for pre ent abuse or humiliation. -as sadistic properties. .. *aladapti e parent modes ..1 6uniti e 6arent: (his is the internali#ed oice of the parent& critici#ing and punishing the patient. (hey become angry )ith themsel es and feel that they deser e punishment for ha ing or sho)ing normal needs that their parents did not allo) them to express. (he tone of this mode is harsh& critical& and unforgi ing. 5ings and symptoms include self0loathing& self0criticism& self0 denial& self0mutilation& suicidal fantasies& and self0destructi e beha iour. ..' 7emanding 6arent: Continually pushes and pressures the child to meet excessi ely high standards. Feels that the 3right3 )ay to be is to be perfect or

achie e at a ery high le el& to keep e erything in order& to stri e for high status& to be humble& to put other needs before one9s o)n or to be efficient or a oid )asting time. (he person feels that it is )rong to express feelings or to act spontaneously. 4. -ealthy Adult mode: (his mode performs appropriate adult functions such as )orking& parenting& taking responsibility& and committing. 6ursues pleasurable adult acti ities such as sex: intellectual& esthetical& and cultural interests& health maintenance& and athletic acti ities.