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Definition:

The indicator shows the quantity and structure of waste deposited at lawfully operating
landfills in Slovenia. It outlines the quantity and structure of non-hazardous municipal waste
deposited in public infrastructure landfills as well as the quantity and structure of waste
deposited in landfills which are operated by the industry.

Waste is defined as any substance or item which is discarded, is going to be discarded or must
be discarded by its owner. Each type of waste is given as a six-digit classification number, i.e.
a code from the classification list. The waste classification list is published in the Annex to
the Decree on waste management (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, nos. 34/08).
Hazardous waste, which is marked by an asterisk next to the classification number, bears one
or more characteristics defined in the framework waste legislation. Nnon-hazardous waste is,
in compliance with legislation, defined as any waste not categorised as hazardous waste. Inert
waste, as defined in the regulation on the landfill of waste, is waste which is not undergoing
significant physical, chemical or biological modifications, will not decompose, is not
flammable, biodegradable or otherwise chemically or physically reactive, does not present a
health risk and does not affect other substances if it comes in contact with in such a manner
which may increase the burden on the environment.

Landfilling, i.e. the process of waste disposal, is the final treatment of waste which cannot be
recovered or otherwise utilized. Depending on its type, waste is deposited to the appropriate
landfills. In compliance with the regulation on landfilling, landfills are designated as:
hazardous waste landfills, non-hazardous waste landfills and inert waste landfills.

A landfill means a waste disposal site for the deposit of the waste onto or into land (i.e.
underground), including internal waste disposal sites (i.e. landfill where a producer of waste
is carrying out its own waste disposal at the place of production for more than three years
before depositing the waste for further treatment in compliance with procedures outlined in
the waste management regulation), and a permanent site (i.e. more than one year) which is
used for temporary storage of waste.

landfill of municipal waste (waste with the classification numbers 15 and 20 on the waste
classification list) falls within the competence of municipal public services and is permitted
in non-hazardous waste landfills. These landfills represent municipal public service facilities
or public infrastructure facilities.

Non-municipal waste may be landfilled by legal persons or independent entrepreneurs. The


operators are responsible for active or inactive landfills or underground storage sites which
they manage in compliance with regulations.

Picture 34-1: Waste disposed on public infrastructure landfills


Source: Waste Management Database, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia,
2008 More information ...

Picture 34-2: Structure of waste disposed in lanfills of public infrastructure


Source: SI-STAT, Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, 2008 More information ...

Picture 34-3: Quantity and structure of waste in landfills for wastes from industry
Source: Waste Management Database, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia,
2008 More information ...

Comment:

Official records of the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia show that at the
end of 2006 there were 83 active or inactive landfills in Slovenia. 60 of those were public
infrastructure landfills and 23 were industrial waste landfills.

At 24 public infrastructure landfills, the implementation of the uncompleted works plan is


anticipated as part of the deactivation phase in compliance with the legislation on waste
landfilling. 28 landfills are in the phase of adapting to the technical requirements determined
in the regulation on the landfill of waste. The remaining 8 landfills have been constructed in
compliance with the requirements of the legislation on the landfill of waste. Data by the
Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia indicate that in 2006, waste was deposited
in 44 public infrastructure landfills as part of the programme of adaptation, deposition in new
landfills and within the framework of the uncompleted works plan. At the remaining landfills,
deactivation works were performed and no waste was deposited.
The comparison of data by the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia on the
quantities of waste deposited in public infrastructure landfills indicates that between 2000 and
2002, the amount of waste was reduced by about 14% (approximately 822,000 tonnes down
from approximately 956,000 tonnes). Slight fluctuations were detected between 2002 and
2004: in 2003 the quantity increased by approximately 2.7% relative to 2002, while in 2004 it
decreased by approximately 1.4% relative to 2002. Data for 2005 indicate a 15% reduction of
the total landfiled waste relative to the baseline year 2000. Figure 34-1 reveals that 2006
again witnessed a 4.3% increase in quantities of waste deposited in public infrastructure
landfills, i.e. 844,500 tonnes of waste, which is similar to the amount in 2003. According to
the data by the Statistical office of the Republic of Slovenia, the quantity of municipal waste
increased by approximately 2.4% in 2006 relative to 2005. In addition, there was a 4.2%
increase in the quantity of municipal and similar waste collected by public waste
management services as compared to 2005. As a consequence, the total quantity of waste
deposited in public infrastructure landfills was higher than in 2005.

In 2006, 844,500 tonnes of waste were deposited in public infrastructure landfills. 728,300
tonnes of it represented municipal and similar waste while 116,200 tonnes were non-
municipal waste. According to the data by the Statistical office of the Republic of Slovenia,
the structure of waste in public infrastructure landfills in 2006 was as follows: municipal
waste 82.3%, construction waste 4.3%, water treatment waste 3.5%, waste packaging 0.6%,
wood recovery and paper production waste 3.3% and other waste 5.9%.

Compared to previous years, the structure of waste did not change much. However, we
anticipate that the higher levels of treating waste prior to landfilling will result in an increased
percentage of deposited municipal waste. Recovery extracts those fractions of waste which
still have some utilization value. The residue following recovery is classified as mixed
municipal waste and is removed in compliance with procedure D1 (landfilling). It may thus
be assumed that in the upcoming years, the share of mixed municipal waste deposited in
landfills will continue to increase relative to the total quantity of deposited waste, while the
total quantity of deposited waste will continue to decrease.

Based on data on environmental protection taxes, there were 15 active landfills operated by
the industry in 2000. By the end of 2006, the number had risen to 19, though waste
landfilling did not take place at two of these in 2006. Official records show that in 2000 only
145,000 tonnes of waste were deposited in landfills operated by the industry, while 2002 saw
a more than 100% increase in deposited waste (295,400 tonnes). Between 2003 and 2005, the
trend of landfilled waste was on the decrease (210,600 tonnes in 2005), while in 2006 the
quantity of landfilled industrial waste increased to above the 2003 level. In total,
approximately 297,000 tonnes of waste from production activities were landfilled in 2006.

These landfills accept inert, non-hazardous and hazardous waste.

The annual quantity of non-hazardous waste amounts to approximately 2 – 4.5% of the total
landfilled waste in the studied period. Over 50% (up to a maximum of approx. 70% in 2003)
of all landfilled waste from production activities is inert waste. The quantities of non-
hazardous waste in the studied years vary between approximately 27 and 52% of the total
landfilled waste.

Linked indicators:
Organic kitchen waste

Waste edible oil and fat

Waste management

Latest update: 19 February 2009

Important note and apology: English texts in chapters Comments and Data and sources
haven't been updated yet and refer to the indicator version from 2006. We hope to provide
English translations soon.

Author: Marija Ulrich Supovec, Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia