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Published by International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers


TOO 0 0 0 to Lose Jobs Under New Trade Bill

The Senate Finance Committee is preparing for the loss of another 100,000 jobs in the United States next year as a result of trade concessions to foreign manufacturers being written into the new foreign trade bill, THE MACHINIST learned last week.

Labor Dept. Snafus Shackling OSHA

Consistent delays and inconsistent rules have become the Power Press Operators, trademarks of the U.S. Labor Victims of Latest Delay Department's administration and The latest delay in enforcing enforcement of the Occupational job safety rules affects operators Safety and Health Act. of mechanical power presses. The Labor Department issued a new Those are some of the findings recently published by the Senate rule last Aug. 31 that specifies Labor and Public Welfare Com- that no power press operators be mittee. Sen. Harrison Williams forced or allowed to place their (D, N.J.), committee chairman, hands or fingers in a die or near .released the studies following a the point of operation. month of public hearings on the Now, John Stender, Assistant failures to enforce the job safety Secretary of Labor for Occupalaw. tional Safety and Health, has ofOne of the studies covering fically ordered OSHA' inspectors employee complaints, charges not to enforce the "no-hands-inthat the Labor Department has die" rule. Stender adds that evenspottyand frequently shoddy tually a new standard will be control over its 10 regional safety written. Until then, power press offices. For example, the time operators will be protected only from the filing of a safety com- by the old machine guarding replaint by a union or an individual quirements of the job safety law. worker to the actual inspection of the work place, varies widely. plaints didn't get action for at The Senate Committee staff least two months. Atlanta still checked the records in four had 23% pending after 60 days. OSHA offices for,the last six New York handled all but 5% months of 1972. The time lapses of its complaints and San Franaveraged 12 days in New York cisco checked out all but 1% in City; 28 days in San Francisco; the first 60 days. 35 days in Atlanta; 101 days in But the Senate Committee the Chicago office. found that delays aren't limited In Chicago, 60% of the com- to inspections. Another study covers "hazard abatement periods." Shipbuilding Parley

The AFL-CIO has estimated that more than 1,000,000 American jobs have already been lost because of the government foreign trade policies. Instead of acting to save the jobs, the Senators are providing a welfare fund of $335 million to pay "adjustment assistance" to workers whose jobs are lost because of increasing foreign imports. They estimate that 100,000 Americans will become eligible for this assistance during the first year under the pending trade legislation. Under Sen. Russell Long (D, La.) the Senate Committee is actually trimming the size of that fund $15 million below the amount already voted by the House of Representatives by making the worker's unemployment compensation part of the adjustment assistance he receives. Under the Committee's plan, a displaced American under 60 could get as much as 52 weeks of benefits over the first two years after losing his job

because of imports. If he entered a retraining program, he could draw an additional 26 weeks. Any displaced worker over 60 could draw up to 52 weeks of basic aid plus an additional 26 weeks if he still had not a new job. The maximum assistance would be $170 a week. Relocation allowance could be granted as well as "job search" money80% of moving costs plus three times the worker's average weekly wage up to $500. The loss of jobs is expected to result from pro- visions of the trade bill which grant the President authority to negotiate a more rapid reduction in tariffs or to eliminate them altogether, to reduce or eliminate non-tariff barriers such as product safety rules. It could mean that 85% of U.S. imports would enter the country duty free. Ray Denison, legislative rep for the AFL-CIO, has pointed out that the House bill, on which the Senate bill is modeled, makes no provision to change tax laws that now favor multinationals, no provision to curb the export of U.S. patents and technology and gives no assurance that the exports and imports will be regulated to assure a U.S. industrial base with jobs at decent standards for Americans.

Bills to re-structure the Railroad Retirement system and put it on a sound financial basis have now been passed by both houses of Congress. The Senate passed its bill last week 85 to 1. The House approved a similar bill by a vote of 343 to 10. Slight differences between the two bills must now

be adjusted by a conference committee of both chambers. Both measures provide $285 million a year in general revenue funds over the next 25 years to keep the rail industry's pension fund from going bankrupt. The Federal funds would assure rail workers already retired, as well as those with vested rights

under the program's so-called "dual benefits" plan, that they will receive the full pension they have earned. Those with vested rights as of next Jan. 1 would be protected. Many rail employees qualify for dual benefitsRailroad Retirement and Social Securitybecause they had sufficient employment under both systems.

Set for San Diego

The IAM's first national shipbuilding conference will be held Dec. 3 and 4 at the Islandia Hyatt House in San Diego, Calif. Delegates will represent IAM members who build, maintain and repair ships and boats. In the official call, IAM President Floyd Smith explains that the primary goal of the conference will be to reduce and eventually eliminate the industry's geographic differentials in wages and benefits. The shipbuilding conference will be chaired by IAM Vice President Francis Meagher of Seattle, Wash.

Jackson, Tenn.Two journeyman machinists and two journeyman electricians wanted. IAM shop since 1951, good working conditions, equal- opportunity employer. Write: J. H. Long, Rec. Secy., IAM Local 1647V 112 Maywood Dr., Jackson, Tenn.38301. T H E MACHINIST

Most abatement periods range from 30 to 90 days. But many employers ask for, and receive, extensions that drag unsafe or unhealthful working conditions on for months and in some cases, years. The study on abatement periods reports that: "GAO (General Accounting Office) auditors provided the Labor Subcommittee with 47 decisions made by Review Commission Administrative Law Judges concerning the hazard abatement period. In 43 of the 47 cases, the Secretary of Labor and the employer agreed on a modified abatement period (ranging from an extension - of a few days to almost three years) before the hearing actually commenced. In none of these 43 cases did the presiding judge rule against the joint agreement. "Therefore, it seems that, in the vast majority of cases, the Secretary of Labor rather than the Review Commission actually decides the terms of an extension of the abatement period." IS

American Aeronaut Photo

Voters Register at Union Picnic

As last days to register to vote approach, union members are signing up across the USA.' Dave Conway, right, of IAM Local 727-Q, at Palmdale, Calif., takes the voter's oath from Andre Kaz, a Los Angeles County deputy registrar. What's unusual about the scene is that it took place at Local 727-Q's recent picnic attended by more than 1,400 persons, union members and their families. California has very broad voting that permit registration in plants, union halls and elsewhere. Both Richard Whiting, Local 727-Q president, and his wife, Karen, are deputy registrars. In general, if you moved recently or if you didn't vote in the last general election, you ought to check to see if you should register.

Read by More than 3,500,000

in All of the 50 States, Puerto Rico, and the Canal Zone



OCTOBER 3, 1974

The high price of inflation

Union at Work

In the first eight months of this year, the number of IAM strikes has almost doubled and the number of union members participating in the stoppages has more than doubled, IAM Secretary-Treasurer Eugene Glover reports. "Obviously," he told THE MACHINIST, "IAM members are using their collective strength to negotiate more adequate wage settlements so they can pay their bills. With prices what they are every family needs more money." The Secretary-Treasurer's records show that

802 strikes occurred from January through August of 1974 compared with 476 stoppages during the. same period of 1973. The number of strikers participating in those strikes increased from 40,727 in the first eight months last year to 100,900 this year. Payments to union members from the IAM strike fund has also doubled. As of the end of August, strike benefits paid this year amounted to $9,966,439, more than double last year's payments foe the same period.

$ 3 0 0 cost of living bonus negotiated a t Joy Mfg.

A $300 cost-of-living makeup payment, an uncapped costof-living-adjustment (COLA) clause and increased wages highlight a three-year contract ratified recently at the Joy Manufacturing Co., Sugarcreek and Frank,lin, Pa. Charles Katulich, union rep for District 83, explains that the $300 cost-of-living bonus will be paid to each employee in one lump sum. The payment recovers money lost by workers in the old contract's "capped" COLA clause. make mining and engineering 1 regular hospital benefits are used equipment, will receive wage in- up. Maximum payment increased creases of-7% and 5% for the from $15,000 to $25,000. second andJbird years. Retiree pensionMonthly pensions payments for retired emIn the third year of the contract, wages for incentive workers ployees increased from $5 to $15 will range from $4.33 to $5.13 depending upon the year of rean hour. Hourly wage rates for tirement. non-incentive workers will range Pensions Monthly pension from $4.53 to $6. rates to increase from $7.25 to $9.50 over the terms of the conEffective immediately, all rea- tract. sonable and customary hospital, Accidental death & dismemsurgical and medical expenses, including maternity charges and berment Benefits to increase obstetrical charges, will be paid from $10,000 to $15,000 over the in full by the company. Under contract; sickness and accident the terms, of the contract, em- insurance to increase from $85 to ployees between the ages of 60 $110. and 65 who take early retirement VacationA bonus of $25 per are entitled to continue the hos- week or $5 per day of earned pital-surgical and medical insur- vacation to be paid effective Janance by paying into the program. uary, 1975. Employees eligible to Other improvements reported receive additional vacations upon the completion of such service by Katulich include: required. Life insuranceWorkers' covMembers of the negotiating erage will, increase from $10,000 committee who assisted Katulich to $15,000. were IAM Local 1842 members Major medicalEffective Au- F. Patterson, Neil Tanner, J. gust, 1974, deductible amount' Harkless, Charles Reina, C. Gibreduced from $100 to $50 after bons oh R. Bickel.

Labor Beacon Photo

$1,700 back pay for Shirley Brown

Shirley Brown, IAM Local 778, Kansas City, Mo., has something to smile about as she receives a check for $1,700 in back pay following her recent reinstatement at Whitaker Cable.

Katulich reports that 1,300 members of IAM Local 1842 will receive a 1(* per hour increase for every .4 point rise in the Consumer Price Index (1967= Harold Beeves, union rep for District 71, right, reports that 100). The first COLA adjustment she was terminated for an alleged violation of company policy. will be based upon June to NoDistrict 71 agreed to press her case to arbitration but a settlement vember, 1974, price increases. Second and third-year adjustwas reached prior to the hearing. ments will be made on a year-toMs. Brown happily accepts her check and returns to work year basis. with full seniority. Wage increases for the first year include a 35^-an-hour across-the-board increase and a previous 300-an-hour cost-of-living payment. The workers, who 60-cent hourly raise at Oskaloosa Members of IAM Local 1535, employed at the Ideal Manufacturing Co., Oskaloosa, Iowa, recently ratified an agreement that will increase the average worker's salary from $3.21 to $3.81 over the life of the contract. Rates for tool and diemakers will go from $4.30 to $4.90. John Elam, directing rep for District 105, reports that the workers, who make trailers, will receive 120 in cost-of-living protection for each year of the three-year contract.

New items in the contract include call-in pay of four hours at time-and-one-half with four hours of report pay guaranteed. Another plus allows senior workers the right to refuse to work overtime. The company has agreed to meet monthly with the union safety committee. Other gains include a company-paid insurance plan with major medical coverage up to $250,000, improved retirement benefits, and increases in sickness and accident coverage. The company will pay for a second pair of safety glass'es. Elam credits the gains to a hardworking committee that included Fred Jones, chairman; Pauline Fisher, Don Brooks, Maggie Langstraat and John Rapp.

St., New Orleans, La., Rudolph Poweleit, sec-treas., reports. MINNESOTA State Council of Ma- IAM RAILROAD General Chairman's chinists will meet Oct. 12-13 at the Association will meet Nov. 6-7 at the Machinists Labor Temple, 1399 Eustis Miyako Hotel, San Francisco, Calif., B. B. Kidwell, sec-treas., reports. St., St. Paul, Minn., David Schaller, rec. sec, reports. WEST VIRGINIA State Council of Machinists will meet Nov. 8-10 at the CALIFORNIA Conference of MachinMcLure House, Wheeling, C. F. FLORIDA State Council of Machinists will meet Oct. 16-19 at the Royal Brua, sec.-treas., reports. ists will meet Oct. 5-6 at the Ramada Inn, the Wharf. San Diego. John T. Inn East, 11731 East Colonial Dr. Schiavenza, sec.-treas., reports. AUTOMOTIVE Conference will be (Hwy. 50 East), Orlando, Thomas 6. held Nov. 19-21 at the Diplomat Culbreth, Jr., sec.-treas.. reports. RAILROAD-AIRLINE staff conference Hotel, Miami, Fla., John- Tremenwill be held Oct. 17-18 at IAM head- tozzi, IAM automotive cordinator, requarters, Washington, D.C., for MICHIGAN Machinists Council will ports. Grand Lodge Reps, IAM Special Reps hold its fall conference Oct. 5-6 at IAM COMMUNICATIONS AND PUBand General Chairmen, IAM Vice the Old Plaza. Lansing, Mich., Fred LICATIONS SEMINAR will be held President John Peterpaul announced. Kundrata, sec.-treas., reports. Dec. 1-6 at the AFL-CIO Labor ELECTRONICS AND NEW TECH- NEW ENGLAND Conference of Ma- Studies Center, Silver Spring. Md.. chinists will meet Oct. 19-20 at the a suburb of Washington, D.C. EnNOLOGY Conference will be held rollment limited to 25. Write: John Dutch Inn, Great Island Rd., Falilee, Oct. 8-10 at the Houston Hyatt Brumm, IAJM Education Director, 912 R.I., George Horsman, sec-treas., reHouse, Houston, Texas, IAM Vice Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. ports. President Frank Meagher, conference 20036. chairman, reports. OHIO State Council of Machinists will meet Oct. 19-20 at the SherabonNEW YORK State Council of MaColumbus Motor Hotel, 50 N. Third chinists will meet Oct. 11-12 at the St., Columbus. Philip Zannella. sec.Flagship Hotel, Rochester, Amand treas., reports. Heck, sec.-treas., reports. GEORGIA State Council of MachinVIRGINIA Machinists Council will ists will meet Oct. 21-22 at the meet Oct. 11-12 at the Holiday Inn, Riviera Hyatt House, 1630 Peachtree Covington, Va., W. E. Hicks, sec.St., N.W., Atlanta, J. M. Akins, sec.treas.. reports. treas., reports. ALABAMA State Council of MachinTOOl & DIE Conference will meet ists will meet Oct. 12-13 at the QualOct. 24 at the Holiday Inn. 124 Royal ity Inn, Junction 1-65 and Airport Notices should be received at least two weeks prior to event. Correspondents must give brief necessary facts, i.e., nature and name of event, time, date and place, full names of persons in charge of other factual data. Address copy to The Machinist, 909 Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. 0036.

Blvd., Mobile, Carl Scott, sec-treas., reports.

International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers

International President FLOYD E. SMITH 1005 Machinists' Bldg. Washington, D.C. 200S6
General Secretary-Treasurer

Muscatine tool makers vote IAM

Employees at the Schmarje Tool Co., Muscatine, Iowa, voted to join the IAM in a recent Labor Board election. Roger Nauyalis, union rep for IAM District 102, East Moline, 111., reports that the vote was IAM, 35; no union, 26. There were three challenges. Nauyalis and Grand Lodge Rep. Lawrence Yeast applauded the strong in-plant committee for its dedication and persistence in winning collective bargaining rights.

EUGENE D. GLOVES 709 Machinists' Bldg. Washington, D.C. Z0036

General Vice Presidents

MIKE BYGUS WM. W. WINPISINGEB ROBERT R. SIMPSON Suite S Rm. SOX, SO Argyle Ave. 1005 Machinists' Bldg. Ottawa, Ont., Canada Washington, D.C. SOOSS 4380 Atlantic Ave. Long Beach, Calif. 90807 TOM DUCT FRED J. PURCELL FRANCIS P. MEAGHER Suite 189 50 West Oakton St. Suite ZOO MOO USth Ave. N.B. Des Plaines, Til. 60018 6500 Pearl Road Cleveland, Ohio 44130 Bellevue, Wash. 9800$ SAL IACCIO ROE SPENCER JOHN PETERPATJL Suite 31)6, Empire Center 814 Machinists' Bldg. Suite SS48 lfiO Lexington Ave. 8383 Stemmons Wwy. Washington, D.C. Z0036 New York, N.Y. 10017 Dallas, Tex. 758*7

Change of address cards on Form 3579 should be sent to Eugene Glover, Secretary-Treasurer, International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, 1300 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Wash., D.C. 20036. Published weekly except for weeks of New Year's, Independence Day. Thanksgiving and Christmas. Second-class postage paid at Washington, D.C. Subscription $4 yearly to non-members.

hits airline strike aid
Delegates to the North Carolina State Council of Machinists recent meeting at WinstonSalem are the latest to endorse Federal legislation that would outlaw the airlines' Mutual Aid Pact. Don Priddy, council secretary-treasurer, reports that the resolution points out that "the number and length of labor disputes have greatly increased since the institution of the Airline Mutual Aid Pact." The resolution calls for support of H.R. 3282 and S. 1665, both of which would outlaw the Mutual Aid Pact. The delegates also voted a resolution urging all IAM members to make a special $2 contri-bution to the Machinists NonPartisan Political League to help elect more of labor's friends to Congress. The delegates elected: Bernie Jones, Local 1725, president; J. R. Saintsing, Local 1085, vice president; and Don Priddy, Local 2444, secretary-treasurer.

OCTOBER 3, 1974



MNPL backs New Mexico's Mondragon for Congress

The New Mexico Machinists Non-Partisan Political League is backing Lt. Gov. Roberto Mondragon (D), center, in jacket, for the First Congressional District seat in the Nov. 5 election, Stanley J. Chavez, secretaryr treasurer, reports. Giving Mondragon a solidarity hand-grip is W. R. Richardson, president of IAM Local 794, Albuquerque. In photo, 1 to r, are Grand Lodge Rep. Gil Padilla, Eddie Gallegos, Robert Sandoval, Richardson, Ted Pierson (nearly hidden), prand Lodge Auditor Norman Prior, Lt.

Lewis Photo

Gov. Mondragon, Grand Lodge Rep. Al Braden, Frank Whiston, Al Romero and Robert Leyba. Mondragon is strongly challenging incumbent Manuel Lujan, Jr. (R) for the seat.

Plant parking target in clean-air drive

Workers in 38 metropolitan areas may find parking places at their jobs harder to come by in the future as the Federal Government moves to sanitize the air they breathe. What's already happening in Boston, Mass., is a signal of things to come in other cities. In Boston, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is moving ahead with plans to reduce the number of employee parking space 25% before next May 31. John R. Quarles, Jr., EPA deputy administrator, reports parking restrictions are "absolutely necessary to attain air quality standards designed to protect the public health." The Boston plan is designed to reduce carbon 1971 1972 1973 1974 monoxide levels in the city by 58% and hydrocarbon levels by 68%. Boston firms with 50 or more workers were notified by EPA last year to submit plans to reduce employees parking. A total of 2,707 employers submitted their proposals by the Aug. 19, 1974, deadline. Another 393 employers did not and EPA sent them notices of violations. Those employers have 30 days to contact EPA about parking plans or face legal action, Quarles declared. Parking management plans are being considered in San Diego and San Francisco, Calif., and at Seattle, Wash. No details are yet available on those plans. EPA's regional office at Boston has begun reviewing the 2,707 plans already submitted. Employers will be notified if their plan is accepted. Those can be implemented immediately. EPA will offer suggestions to employers whose plans are unacceptable. EPA suggested that employers* plan include assigning choice parking space to buses and carpools; establishment of computerized carpool locator services; coordinating with mass transit systems; providing bicycle racks, paths, etc. "What we are seeking is a corporate commitment to clean air," Quarles told a recent press conference at Boston. He added: "We will not compromise the health of the citizens of Boston."


Big jump
Higher prices for meat, clothing, medical services and mortgage interest rates, caused the Consumer .Price Index to make its biggest increase in 12 months. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that in August the index jumped 1.9 points to 150.2 on the 1967 scale. On the 1957-59 scale, the index now stands at 174.6. The only prices to drop during August were fresh vegetables and gasoline.

Safety Council lauds four IAM locals and districts

The National Safety Council has recognized the IAM's expanding effort to improve the job safety and health of its members. Two IAM locals and two districts have copped the council's top awards for their successes in reducing deaths and injuries. Grand Lodge Rep. J. George Eichhorn, chairman of the council's awards committee, reports that plaques and certificates will be presented this week during the National Safety Congress and Exposition in Chicago, 111. IAM District 837, Hazelwood, Mo., and IAM Local 851, Joliet, 111., won the council's coveted "Harry Read Award of Honor" for their safety programs. Awards of Commendation went to IAM District 751, Seattle, Wash., and Local 1781, Burlingame, Calif. Four members of the Local 1781 safety committee received special praise from the judges for their outstanding work in job safety. They are: Richard Jackson, Robert Fowler, Art Van Bradford, and Don Travnicek. They all work for United Air Lines at San Francisco International Airport. Frank (Jockey) Schumann, former chairman of the safey committee for District 837 at the McDonnell "Douglas Corp. plant in Hazelwood, Mo., for Distinguished Service to Safety. Schumann is now a compliance officer with the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

Rockefellers big on the airlines


At American Can
a blind trust from which he benefits owns 325,000 shares of Chase Manhattan, worth $25.4 million. Total Chase Manhatton holdings of all Rockefellers, he said, adds up to 623,092 shares, 2.54% of the outstanding stock. But Brother David is board chairman. Pan Am's troublesThe Ford Administration has stated that it won't approve a $10 million a month direct subsidy for Pan Am, but will press a seven-point program to aid Pan Am, TWA and other U.S. airlines operating overseas. As outlined by Transportation Secretary Claude Brinegar, the program includes higher fares, capacity reduction agreements with foreign airlines, ending kickbacks to travel agents and tour operators, a Fly USA campaign, overseas mail rate increases, negotiations to reduce discriminatory landing fees abroad, restructuring of routes and suspension of service to points that lose too much money. Timm's tampering CAB Chairman Robert Timm would like to tamper with bargaining on the airlines. He told the recent pre-summit inflation conference for the transportation industry at Los Angeles that labor costs are the big threat on the airlines. He called for a "blue-ribbon panel"' of labor and industry leaders to work on the problem. One solution, he said, would be compulsory arbitration. Another would be common expiration dates for all union contracts on all airlines and "identical pay and fringe benefits for like work in 1975 regardless of pay or fringe benefits."

! Unicorn-like antler among nature's freaks

By Fred Goetz
Grizzly bears ~-:-- :r Msmsm^

U.S. Senate hearings on the nomination of Nelson Rockefeller as U.S. Vice President have brought out the facts about the Rockefeller family's vast influence on the airline industry. Focal point is the Chase Manhattan Bank, board chairman of which is David Rockefeller, the nominee's brother. The family acquired control of Chase Manhattan in 1930. Chase Manhattan's trust department holds the single largest block of stock in United Air Lines, Northwest Airlines and National Airlines. Only a fraction of the stock is held by the Rockefellers, but the bank manages it. According to the Civil Aeronautics Board, the bank has these airline stock holdings: National, 12%; Northwest, 9%; United, 8%; Overseas National, 7%; TWA, 6%; Delta, 5%, and Braniff, 4%. In financial circles, it's generally considered that a holder of more than 5% of a large corporation's stock has a very strong influence, if he wants to use it. Chase Manhattan also lends airlines a lot of money. Senate investigations last year revealed that 14 airlines owed Chase Manhattan $214 million. Continental owed $95.5 million; Pan Am, $20.8 million. Eastern Air Lines has been something of a Laurance Rockeleller hobby. He helped it take off in 1938. He owns all of Eastern's preferred stock, 216,736 shares, plus 49,000 shares of common. The bank holds 240,000 shares. In his Senate testimony, Nelson Rockefeller listed no airline stock holdings and none in the Chase Manhattan Bank. He said

Plastic containers for convenience foods

Raw material Moving one-ton roll o f raw stock into place at forming machine is operator Reynaldo Cornejo.

When a union member in the Western United States buys a prepared food item from the supermarket deli case, chances are good that the plastic container encasing the product is made by members of IAM Local 1004, Burbank, Calif. A total of 125 members of the local work at American Can's plastic products facility at Glendale, Andy Hunsaker, rep for IAM District 727, reports. Producing millions of containers a week, American Can supplies about half of all plastic food and beverage containers used in the Western part of the USA. Much of American Can's success is based on employee know-how and good union-management relations, Hunsaker writes. American Can employees joined IAM District 727 in 1970. Union shop conditions were part of the first contract and have helped smooth the operations at the plant, Hunsaker reports.

a week formed on this machine operated by Louis iceras. Four other forming machines "w he same capacity are used in the America an Co. plant at Glendale, Calif.

Forming- vo million polystyrene containers

American Aeronaut Photos

AdjustingClaude Radcliff adjusts electrical controls of plastic shredding machine.

In the last 15 years many oddities of wildlife from the nation's far-flung acres have come to this writer's attention. I recall a rainy winter night when my old buddy Mort Clavey dug me out of the midnight sack, with a merciless pounding on my kitchen -door/ He had downed a doe deer with antlers as big as grandma's rocking chair. Game authorities verified it as an unusual occurrence. I've seen a dozen or so albino deer, a black snow goose and a crow as white as the driven snow Then, one night, old Sam Burri came along and put a cap on the subject of oddities when he called and asked if I'd take a photo of a critter he'd bagged, a Rocky Mountain elk with an odd-looking, fur-covered, unicorn - l i k e antler with single tine. Sam figured he had downed a goodsized bull with stunted antler but discovered to his surprise that it was not a bull but a cowand shot in an area where only bulls were legal game. He was in the process of dressing it out when the game warden walked into camp. Fortunately, the officer was understanding and let Sam off the legal hook.

The American settlers at the turn of the 19th century lived with visions of monsters roaming the vast wilderness stretches east of the Mississippi. Fuel for such legendary fires was constantly being supplied by the Yankton Branch of the Sioux Indians. The fearsome creature often described by the Indians was later authenticated by Captain Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark expedition when he wrote in his well-kept journals that he would rather have to fight two Indians than one of those bears. It was probably from his description that the Pioneer scientist George Ord applied the scientific nomenclature Ursus horribilis, the bear now called grizzly.

Of all the wild creatures on this continent, few are less tolerant of man, and vice versa, than the grizzly bear. The pages of "western history are filled with hair-raising accounts of "grizzly versus man." One Colorado renegade, famed as "Old Mose," was alleged to have killed 100 or more steers and at least five men before it was done in. Today, less than 850 grizzly bears are said to prevail in the United States below the Canadian border. Letters, pictures invited o.-v.-~^ Do you have an extra snapshot in your album of a fishing or hunting scene? We'd like to trade a BOLO steelhead/salmon lure for one. Please include some "why," "where," "when" and "how" information about the snapshot and mail to U n i o n Sportsman, 909 Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20036. Please indicate your IAM local number.

Trust fund suggested to upgrade RR's


Here's a photo I snapped of Sam Burri's strange elk. Now what's your story?
Setting " l ^ ^ " * " * * m*?H*, Balazs Nyiradl sets up lathe for operation at the plant. Inspecting - Quality control lector Blanca Consepcion checks cont^j. |; s t . Testing-Maintenance electrician Harris White tests a machine part. Loading Printing machine stamps customer's name on lids being loaded into machine by Robert Smith.

Pennsylvania's Gov. Milton Shapp suggested last week that a national railroad trust fund be established which would raise $12.9 billion over a six-year period to upgrade the nation's rail carriers. The trust fund would come from a 5% surcharge on freight revenues collected by the carriers, and by issuing government bonds that would be financed over 30 years and paid for by the freight surcharge. Shapp compared the proposed rail trust fund with the Highway Trust Fund, which was established in 1956 to develop the nationwide network of interstate highways. The highway trust fund was financed by a gasoline tax. In the first six years of the program outlined by Shapp, the rail trust fund would provide $6.9 billion for new rails and ties; $3.2 billion for electrifying many densely traveled routes; $900 million for new diesel and rail car repair shops, yards and

terminals, and $1.9 billion for other roadway and structures. Shapp said such a rail trust would represent a "national commitment by both the government and the private sector to develop a truly modern rail system throughout the nation." He said such an undertaking would provide many new jobs and would help revive the nation's sagging economy. New dieselsFour carriers recently placed orders for a total of 291 new diesels to beef up their locomotive fleets. Sixty-six of the new diesels are going to the Norfolk & Western at a cost of $26.7'million. Another 80 diesels are part of a $100 million new equipment order announced recently by John H. Lloyd, president of the Missouri Pacific. Family Lines, owners of the Seaboard Coast Line and Louisville & Nashville will' get the remaining 145 diesels.
OCTOBER 3, 1974

* A

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Collecting Collecting lids and inspecting them as they leave printing machine are Doris La Bonte, left, and Mae Atkisson.

Shipping Thelma Bielik loads containers from machine into boxes for shipment to customers.

Packing- d tops are packed

for ship by Helen Zvonaric.

Product lineA sample of some of the plastic containers manufactured at American Can Co.'s Glendale plant are inspected by, I to r, Andy Hunsaker, rep for IAM District 727; Larry McKown, plant manager; Phil Wright, plant superintendent, and Irving Moss, another District 727 rep.
... ... . . . . _ . _ , Daytona Beach Photo



Miss Union Maid, Sandy Beach, focuses on the scenery. You'll focus on quality and value when you buy union-made goods. OCTOBER 3. 1974 THE MACHINIST PAGE 5



OCTOBER 3, 1974

Dried fruit pies are browned in bubbling fat

-4- * ^JMUJT ^ w C- dff

By Sidney Margolius
The demand for home improvements is expanding as the high prices of houses and high mortgage rates encourage moderateincome families to repair and renovate present homes instead of moving. But even as the need for home modernization grows, materials shortages and fantastic costs of even little items are pushing up prices relentlessly, says a leading consumer expert on home improvements. This is John Cheverny, manager of the consumer-controlled and union-manned Ferndale Cooperative in Michigan. Ferndale specializes in home improvement. Cheverny believes that some of the materials "shortages" are actually contrived, just as earlier, artificial shortages were created by the corporate meat industry and the oil industry. Cheverny's experience is that the shortages of home improvement materials have been intensified by multi-national corporations who ship raw lumber from the West Coast to Japan. Corporate subsidiaries there process the raw lumber into panels and ship it back to the U.S. for sale here. "Because of the large quantity of raw lumber expected, 'shortages' develop, and prices skyrocket," Cheverny told me in a recent interview. He charges, that "jobs shipped abroad, and artificial shortages creating high prices, mean a lower standard of living and feed the fires of both inflation and depression." Financing also has become a problem. Cheverny says the old FHA Title I home.improvement program had obsolete limits of

$5,000 and five-year repayment. The limits have been raised to $10,000 with up to 12 years to repay. The interest rate also has been increased to 12% per annum instead of the former 9%. But lenders may be reluctant even at 12%. Many banks and savings associations are developing their own modernization-loan plans with rates from 14 to 20% per annum. Second mortgages also are being increasingly used, Cheverny reports. Even at these higher rates, lenders have become increasingly selective. A year ago, Ferndale's rate of credit rejections by lenders was running about 23%, Cheverny notes. Since April, Ferndale's rejections have jumped to 63%. He attributes the jump to tighter loan policies of lenders for homes in the inner city, and the rapidly deteriorating credit of consumers. One interesting phenomenon is that in the last two months about half of Ferndale's

home-improvements contracts have been for cash. "Many homeowners apparently are concluding that their home is their best investment," Cheverny reports. This, at least, is an encouraging development. So is the intelligence and confidence of more consumers in using their own money to finance home improvements instead of paying 12 to 20% per annum while their savings may earn only 5 to 8%. If commercial lenders won't give EHA Title 1 loans at 12%, but want more, more, more, then credit unions have become more useful than ever. Their rates are limited to 12% per annum. Some charge less. They often also are able to advise on safeguards in signing contracts and sometimes even on comparative-costs and the reputation of local contractors. How can homeowners save on improvement jobs? "Finishing" is the greatest money saver, Cheverny advises. By that he means staining, painting, putting down molding, and tiling ceiling or floors. These items are expensive because of the -time involved. For example, shutters cost $45 unfinished. If stained, the cost jumps to $85. "If we do it, not only is it costly but the consumer, more often than not, is dissatisfied," Cheverny notes. Prefinished shutters and floor molding are now used but are "very expensive." While skilled craftsmen often suggest that consumers seeking to cut costs finish the smaller, less-skilled jobs, Ferndale discourages them from attempting large areas of skilled finish work. "Frankly, the husband never really gets around to doing it," Cheverny observes.

Mrs. Terry Baugh, of Jonesboro, Ga., recently asked for a recipe for making fried pies filled with apples, peaches or other fruit. Among the answers was this one from Mrs. George Behuniak. of Peekskill, N.Y. "I had a hard time finding a good recipe,, so I have treasured, this one," Mrs. Behuniak writes. Fried fruit pies
2 cups stewed dried apples or peaches Vi cup sugar 2 tbsp. melted batter Vi tsp. nutmeg or cloves, or 1 tsp. cinnamon

Cook fruit until tender. Start with fruit covered with water and add more if needed. Mash /and add sugar, butter and spices. Cool. Make pastry.
2 cups flour 1 tsp. salt V3 cup shortening Ice water (% to cup)

Margolius' health food hook wins $1,000 Press Club prize

Sidney Margolius was honored at Washington, D.C., last week with a $1,000 first place award in the National Press Club's first annual competition for excellence in consumer reporting. Margolius won for his book, Health Foods Facts -and Fakes, published by Walker & Co. THE MACHINIST'S long-time columnist was one of nine who won awards in many fields newspapers, magazines, newsletters, radio~ and TV. Montgomery Ward, competition sponsor, provided the awards. Judges were National Press Club members.

Cut shortening into flour and salt. Add water to make dough. Roll out H-inch thick 5-inch rounds with coffee can. Put spoonful of filling on Vz of each circle, staying Vi-inch from edge. Brush edge of pastry with water and fold pastry in half, making half moon. Seal edgps with tines of fork. Prick pies two or three times with fork. Fry in deep fat 360 F. until golden brown. Drain. Recipe wanted: Mrs. Richard Torino, Sidney, N.Y., would like recipes for home-made sandwich meats, such as veal loaf, ham loaf, liverwurst, etc. Write Lunch Box, 909 Machinists Bldg., Washington, DlC. 20036.

Kitty Calipers1 latest pattern

When you reach retirement age, can you draw a pension and receive unemployment compensation benefits at the same time? If you are on Social Security, does this in any way deprive you of unemployment compensation? These are becoming increasingly important questions to all our older citizens who are struggling to conserve their dollars in these inflationary times. When we talk about unemployment compensation, you must understand that normal rules apply before you get to the major problems of pensions and Social Security. In other words, you must be qualified by not having left your last job without reason and you must be available for work, or otherwise you would not be entitled to unemployment compensation. Many retired persons are turning to other jobs to earn more money. Apparently, from the great number of cases that are beginning to come into the courts and to the unemployment compensation boards, this is becoming so frequent that the unemployment issue becomes critically important to- the income status of the worker when he suffers a layoff. Unemployment compensation cases are regulated by the law of the state where you live. Some of the states have enacted statutes which provide some guidelines; others say nothing one way or the other, leaving it to the boards and the courts to unravel the claims when they are filed. Let's start with one of the basics: can you draw Social Security and unemployment benefits at the same time? Because so many-state laws provide for certain deductions from unemployment compensation, employers will often try to have Social Security shaved off as well. There have been court battles in state after state, and even in many states today, the issue is undecided. But in almost all of them where the courts have ruled, you may draw full unemployment compensation if qualified and re- . ceive your Social Security at the same time. There may be some state laws, however, that provide that the amount of Social Security you receive will be prorated on a weekly basis and specifically deducted from any unemployment benefits. If your state does have such a law, then you will be bound by it. Most unemployment compensation offices should be able to give you sound advice. Now, let's turn to the pension question, which is of almost equal importance. Many of the state laws that provide for deductions from unemployment benefits use the word, "remuneration." Is a pension payment "remuneration?" A state court in Washington, in one of the major cases on this question, defined pensions as basically an annuity program, but that still didn't answer the question. It talked of the two kinds of pensions, one where an employee makes contributions and the other where the employer makes all the contributions. It pointed out that federal income taxes are not levied against those pension receipts in the amounts paid in by the employee over the years. But when all the legal thrashing was finished, the Washington Supreme Court decided that pension benefits could be deducted from unemployment benefits, and if they were larger than the compensation, then there would be none. If they were less, the pension payment, calculated on a weekly basis, would be deducted from the unemployment compensation. But, again, the laws of many states are not clear on this subject; others have not ruled on this issue. Therefore, we advise you to try your best to obtain all your unemployment, even if you are on pension. Your chances of receiving full payments are still reasonably good in some states, even if you are on pension and even if you do receive Social Security.


SIZES 8-20


Flip collar above V-neck, hippanelled skirt, no waist seam. Pattern 4699: misses' sizes 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20. Size 12 (bust 34) takes 2% yards of 45inch fabric. Send 75 cents to Kitty Calipers, Pattern Dept, 232 W. 18th St., New York, N.Y. 10011. Add 25 cents for first class mail.

For SalePets For SaleMiscellaneous 3M DRY COPIER, new, portable, AKC IRISH SETTER PUPS, champion lines, show, field, pet, shots and lightweight, copies everything typed, wormed; $125. A. Hrwatzki, IAM written, blueprints, carbons, etc.: Local 233, 14401 Hale Ave., Cleveoriginally $80, $50 postpaid. P. Scarangello,afAM Local 19987, 26 Cumberland, Ohio 44110. land St.rBabylon. N.Y. 11706. ; For SaleReal Estate BOOKCASE BED BOX SPRING and Any IAM member can admattress, $30; 40-inch elec. stove, 2-BEDRM. COTTAGE, bath, large vertise tools, or other personal $15; dining rm. table, seats 10. $12;, kitchen and porch; 6 miles to Elschild's chair, $2; old kitchen chairs, property. Ads cannot be accepted $3; assorted books, $4; quilts, $5. C. berry; good fishing; $9,950. C. Mitkos, IAM Local 837, 546 Jackson, St. for rentals, personal services or Carlson, IAM Local 698, P.O. Box Charles. Mo. 63301. 134. North Branch, Mich. 48461. sidelines, or firearms and amKODAK INSTAMATIC C A M E R A , 3 LOTS, 2 view lots on Whidby I s munition. land: one, 61 x 136 ft., $3,500; one, model 124, good cond.; asking $12. 75 x 98 ft., $3,500 (both have swimV. McManus. IAM Local 1056. 66-53 Print or type wording on ming pools, clubhouse, boat launch); 71st St., Middle Village. N.Y. 11379. one lot in Evergreen Cemetery. $360. a separate sheet of paper in ELECTRONICS TECH. COURSE, all C. Wigen, IAM Local 79, 23732 Locust lessons CIE correspondence course, Way, Sp. 25. Bothell, Wash. 98011. $55 postpaid. J. Malecki, IAM Local 30 words or less 1487, 2116 B, Morningside, Carpen- RESIDENTIAL LOT and home imtersville. 111. 60110. provement package, Cherokee Village, including your name, complete recreation areas, swimming, HEDGE TRIMMER, like new, $15. H. Ark., golf,-lakes, boating, fishing, hunting, address and lodge number. Send Zum Brunnen, IAM Local 1546, 5940 shopping mall; $9,700. W. Kaczor, Merriewood Dr.', Oakland, Calif. ad with the mailing label from IAM Local 50, 5283 Northwest Hwy., 94611. Chicago, 111. 60630. the front of this paper. BRASS PROPELLERS, 12 and 15-ins., with 14-in. pitch, right handed, also TRUCK CAMPER, custom-built, 9 ft. Allow three to four weeks long, 4 ft. over cab, self-cdntained, tinner and machinist's tools. K. fits % or %-ton, wired for CB radio, Kliem, IAM Local 186, Rt. 16, Box between the posting of letters stereo, 110-12V refrigerator. P De440, Community Rd., Baltimore, Md. and receipt of your ad by our Stasio, IAM Local 1987, Rt. 4, Box 21220. 187, Inverness, Fla. 32650. readers. We recommend you set 4 x 5 SPEED GRAPHIC CAMERA, 127mm f/4.7 Bktar lens, carrying OVERSIZE WATERFRONT PROPERa price in your ad. case, H / R flashgun, 5 new Lisco TY, fully developed, Cape Coral, cut film holders, $225; Graphic roll Fla.; must sacrifice. 25% less than Address all ads to: Swap developer's price, $8,000; ready to film back. 2% x 2%, $25: Polaroid Shop, 909 Machinists BIdg., build, have warranty, deed. J. Kud405 Packback, $45. H. Eodahaver, rick, IAM Local 1987. 30 West St., IAM Local 796, 4672 Strathblane PL, Washington, D.C. 20036. No ad Farmingdale. N.Y. 11735. Alexandria. Va. 22304 . will be published unless the WEDDING GOWN & VEIL, size 7-9, MOBILE HOME, 2-bedrm., 1% baths, mailing label is enclosed. see to appreciate, $90: also longfurnished, clean, like new; carport, length mother's dress, blue, size 12, porch, storage: $10,500 ca3h; nice matching accessories. B. Lee. IAM court, corner lot; pictures on reFor SaleAutomotive Local 837, 12230 Hillcrest, Hazelwood, quest. D. Chinn, IAM Local 933, Mo. 63043. 1410 Choctaw. Temple. Tex. 76501. 1974 SNOWMOBILE 440 Max, like SLIDE PROJECTOR, by Bell & How6-ROOM BRICK HOUSE, ranch style, new, only 250 miles, tachometer and ell, Headliner 303. with microflt slide all appliances, with fully finished speedometer included. "W. Slunt. IAM trays: total of 69 trays; $50. R. basement and playroom, fireplace, Local 1947, Rt. 1, Box 179, Brandon, Kolosky. IAM Local 1976. 365 Moon wall mirrors, barbecue, garage; near Wis. 53919. Clinton Rd.. Coraopolis, Pa. 15108. both New York airports. N. Sardo. WHITE CHAMFER-SHELL for mini 1974 BASEBALL CARDS, for sale or IAM Local 1018. 3357 Fifth St., pickup, interior lteht. 2 speakers, Oceanside. N.Y. 11572. trade; send for what you want. M. curtains; located Colorado Springs, Moss. IAM Local 46. Rt. 2, 32 G CEMETERY LOTS, in Inglewood - Colo.: $175. J. Martin, IAM Local Cherokee Dr., Union City, Mich. Park Cemetery, Inglewood. Calif., all 1886, 1246 Troy St.. Aurora, Colo 49094. _ " or in multiples of two: $400 ea V. 80O11. MERRY-GO-ROUND, with 30 horses. Russom, IAM Local 1186, 847 N. 1955 T-BIRD, new red paint, com2 chair benches, Allen Herschell Orange Blossom, La Puente, Calif. plete overhaul, 3-speed, overdrive, make, good cond., needs some work: power seat, tach., radio; all in very stored in Ladysmith, Wis.: $6,500. H. LOTS, in Memory Gardens, good cond.; rebored to .040; $3,500. Ryerson, IAM Local 701. 310 N. Nor-4 .GRAVE Arlington Heights, 111., selling for J. Dull, IAM Local 1005, 6213 S.W. dica Ave.. Chicago. 111. 60634. $375 each, but will sell for less, will Harrington Ave., Lake Oswego, Ore. 2-WAY RADIO, by Motorola, low split. C. Couvillion. IAM Local 701, 97034. band, designed for sheriff, frequency 1023 Lois. Park Ridge. 111. 60068. 1950 CHEVROLET 2-door, 2-tone color, 39.580 MC, 48 watts, excel, cond., good tires, 67,000 miles, good runcomplete with loaded antenna: com- 1-BEDR5I., furnished, spacious, airheat, custom drapes, solar X. utility ning cond., new battery; $400 or nlete instructions for installation; room, carport, pool, etc.: near Port offer. L. Ousley, IAM Local 2135, $100. W. Jackson, IAM Local 2333, Richev. Fla. E. McGuiness, IAM Lo116 15th St., S.E., Washington, D.C. 2822 Kohl Ave., Springfield, Ohio cal 702. 2700 N.W. 99th Ave.. Apt. 20003. 4F503. 202B. Coral Springs. Fla. 33331. 19929 CHEVROLET 4-dr. sedan, no ANTIQUE ANSONIA CLOCK, gilt interior, runs well, extra parts inbronzed, see Jagger page 50. same LOT, 175 x 150-ft., on Vagabond Lake, water and electric on lot. lake view: cluded; $250. G. Jesok. IAM Local as one at Ford Museum. Dearborn, $4,000 or offer. E. Zemoniani. IAM Mich. $350. L. Neva, IAM Local 1487, 623, RR 2, Foley, Minn. 56329. Local 1992. 704 E. 9th St., Hutchin332 W. Green St.. Bensenville, HI. 1940 CHEVROLET Tudor Special deson. Kan. 67501. 60106. luxe, runs well, six good tires and wheels, n e w muffler train and bat- BOMBING OF PEARL HARBOR and LAKE LOT, in Fairfleld Bay, Ark.. tery; $700. G. Zwicker, IAM Local burning of the Normandie on 8mm 75 miles north of Little Rock; good 1947, Rt. 1, Hillside Estates, Malone, film, news parade, a u t h e n t i c U.S. fishing and hunting, marina site, Wis. 53049. Navy pictures; taken in 1941, good shopping center; $5,500. W. Blackford. IAM Local 834, 2238 Maragold. $20. H. Burnett. IAM Local 1970 CHECKER AEROBTJS, seats 12, . cond.: Wichita. Kan. 67204. 1305. Rt. 2. Box 1553X, Grass Valley, attention car poolers, church groups, Calif. 95945. organizations; power steering and 2 GRAVE SITES, Laurel Section, brakes, auto, trans., V-8. 350 cu. in, 4O RECORDS, classical, 45 rpm, cost Glenn Haven Cemetery, San Fer$1.45 each, 1948-54. fine cond.; collecengine, light blue: $2,500 or offer. nando. Calif.; $310 value (each), sell tor's delight; sold to benefit Gideon V. Curtis, IAM Local 837, 11229 for $200 each cash. T. Furman, IAM Bible Fund. H. Morrow, IAM Local Essex. Bridgeton. Mo. 63044. Local 160, Rt. 2, Box 74. Westville, 751, Rt. .3. Box 78, Snohomish. Wash. Okla. 74965. 98290. For SaleBooks LOT, in Port Charlotte, 2 TRI-HULL FIBERGLAS BOAT, FLORIDA blocks ' from water wavs, % mile 1970 PONTIAC SHOP MANUAL and 17-FT. needs work, new props, all gauges from golf course; $3,600 cash or body manual with Firebird suppleand ski equipment included; $1,900. 51.600 and take over payments; best ment: $12 postpaid. V. Evers, IAM 2 engines, 88 h.p. each, one engine offer considered. J. Paige. IAM L o Local 1345. 5214 Alabama, St. Louis, C. Peterson, IAM Local 733, 3114 . cal 2225. 1350 Oakland Hwy., San Mo. 63111. S. Davidson, Wichita, Kan. 67210. Jose. Calif. 95112. For Salev-Miscellaneous DUPLEX, -2 bedrms. each unit, full For SalePets basement, parking in basement, cenTHIMBLE ANGEE, 2-in. tall angel tral heating, large yard; walk to doll, body is a thimble: $3.75 for AKC PEKINGESE PUPS. $75 to $100; Navy yard in Bremerton, Wash. P. original doll. G. Draper. IAM Local AKC Chihuahua pups. $50 to $75. D. Birmingham, IAM Local 297, 1417 311, 1500 Glenwood Rd.. Glendale, Hauch. IAM Local 516. Et. 2. Box Burnwell, Bremerton, Wash. 98310 Calif. 91201. 229. Two Rivers. Wis. 54241. Wanted

Rules for submitting ads

' The mailing label on the. front page of this paper entitles any IAM member to advertise in - these columns without charge.

Methyl solvents attack nerves


By Dr. Thomas F. Mancuso

of toxic effects and their severity are for this chemical. This is important in light of what has recently been observed for methyl butyl ketone, a very similar chemical solvent. Methyl butyl ketone has now been recognized as causing serious effects on the nervous system. The solvent attacks the nerves of the muscles, causing an extensive weakness of hands, arms, legs, and so severely affects the workers that they are disabled and have no strength to walk or use their arms and hands. It is important to know that this chemical was previously not recognized to be that harmful. The tragic lesson learned is that chemicals which may be considered at present to be limited relative to their harmful effects, may in effect have greater and more substantial toxic effects than has been realized. In addition to methyl ethyl ketone, your husband used several paint stripping solvents which contained high percentages of methylene chloride, 9 2 % , 80%, and 5 0 % . Methylene chloride (also called dichloromethane) can affect the nervous system. Some of the symptoms are dizziness, tingling, numbness of hands, arms or legs, a feeling of drunkenness and even unconsciousness.

An IAM member from California writes:

"My husband worked mostly with MEK for three and a half years. He has all these problems: numbness of the right side of his body, loss of balance, loss of memory, brain damage. . . . During the time he worked in the chemical fumes, there was very little ventilation and no protection devices at that tune. Now the company has terminated him from his job because of these ailments or problems, but the doctors here won't say that his problems were caused from these chemical fumes. There's one thing for sure, my husband was healthy before he went to work for this company." Your husband's job was to wash off the inside of the airplane, the fuselage, with solvents so as to completely clean off the inner skin of the plane. All of the work inside the plane, with no ventilation other . than the doors. At least one five-gallon drum of methyl ethyl ketone was used in every shift. Under these conditions, with that large amount o f MEK evaporating constantly in a limited space, the concentrations of MEK in the air that your husband breathed each working day would be tremendous. It is my understanding that your husband didn't want to complain about the working conditions for fear of losing his job. According to his medical records, your husband had repeated attacks of dizziness on the job. Finally he began to stagger and was taken to the hospital.

Methyl cellosolve, which is also commonly used and mixed with other solvents, causes even more severe effects on the nervous system. Symptoms include: slurring of speech, tremors and The fact that he was returned shaking of the hands or twitching to work after one week and was of the muscles of the face, nerreexposed under the same condi- vousness, depression, blurred tions of exposure, aggravated vision, loss of memory, staggered what effects had already occurred. walk and incoordination. Although numbness of the fingers and arms from methyl ethyl ketone had been noted in sporadic reports, there have not been adequate medical studies to observe what the true full range The combined effects of a series of solvents would most likely cause more severe toxic effects, particularly if the chemicals were injuring the same organs at the same time.

The Machinist
Th* official weekly newspaper of tin


1970-71 CORVETTE COUPE wanted must have 4-speed, 350 h.p., power steering, black leather interior, no air cond.; send price and description. T. Lockwitz. IAM Local 2140. 902 Church St., St. Joseph, Mich. 49085. 1955 CHEVROLET TRUCK SHOP MANUAL wanted for %-ton truck. L. Tooker, IAM Local 79. 3731 S.W. 106th St.. Seattle, Wash. 98146. BOOK OF FORMULAS wanted, The Use of Handbook Tables and Formulas, 17th edition, by Michael Banasek, IAM Local 837, 3062 S. Camella, St. Charles, Mo. 63301. MILITARY MEMORABILIA wanted, war medals, flags, uniforms, American, British. German, Russian for anv wars. J. Westburg. IAM Local 737, 39 Imperial Dr., W. St. Paul, Minn. 55118. AVON BOTTLES wanted, men's decanters at reasonable prices or swap for what you want. I'll get it. C. Dunniean. IAM Local 724. 2912 Rorer St.. Philadelphia. Pa. 19134. THE BOY MECHANIC BOOK wanted, issues of 1913. 15. 19. 25. 40. 45. 52 and later, published b y Ponular Mechanics Co. W. Natchwey. IAM Local 1402. 841 Michigan Ave., N. Fond du Lac. Wis. 54935. EGYPTIAN SCARAB RING wanted, all sterling silver, orier. washed with srold: send sketch and price. J. Berkowios. IAM Local 701. 2852 W. 38th St.. Ohieae-o. III. 60632. 19(55 FRANKOUTA CHRISTMAS PLATE wanted, state r>rice. R. Freeman. IAM Local 1317 1910 Guillory St., Westlake. La. 70669.

International Association of Maeninists and Aerospace Workers

Affiliated with AFL-CIO and CLC Machinists Building, 1300 Connecticut Av., Washington. D . C 20036 Gordon H. Cole, Editor Associates: Jane Stokes, Dean Ruth Robert J . Kalaski. Jerry L. Rollings Art Editor: Victor Vathi

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When you have finished with your copy of T H E MACHINIST, pass it along to a friend.

Mail to: General Secretary-Treasurer 604 Machinists BIdg.. Washington, D.C. 20036



Could be that the Machinists Non-Partisan Political League missed asking you for a special $2 contribution during its summer drive. The money is needed to aid MNPL-endorsed candidates for Congress in the Nov. 5 election. If you were retired, unemployed, sick, on vacation, off work, or working elsewhere, it's likely that MNPL volunteers weren't able to contact you. So we are asking you now to help. Labor's candidates for the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives badly need funds to give their campaigns a final kick in this last month before the election. Their opponents in most cases are well-heeled. They receive large contributions from _ industry associations, professional organizations and well-to-do individuals. With those of other IAM members, your $2 contribution will enable MNPL and other labor organizations to help elect at least 40 more fair-minded U.S. Senators and Congressmen. This is the margin needed to win laws to help all the people, not just the privileged few. These new men and women in Congress can help us win laws to: . Damp down the ever-rising cost of living. Cut the astronomic cost of health care with a national health insurance plan. Plug the loopholes in the tax laws that benefit only the oil corporations, big industry and the wealthy. Protect our jobs against irresponsible plant closing and unfair imports and in other ways make America a better place in which to live and work. Your $2 contribution will bring you a membership card in MNPL's "40 More and Score Club." Thousands of IAM members are carrying their cards, glad to feel that they are part of a movement to change the climate in the Nation's Capital. Therefore, we urge you to fill out the coupon below, clip it, attach your $2 check or money order or, if necessary, currency and mail it to MNPL at the address below. Your card will be sent you promptly. Clip this coupon f Clip the coupon. Fill it out. Enclose your check or money order for $2 made out to the Machinists Non-Partisan Political League and mail it to the address below. Currency will be gratefully accepted, too, but a check or money order is safer. Your membership card in the "40 More and Score Club" will be sent you promptly. Working together, we can win a Congress for the next two years that will be a lot more sympathetic to the needs of the vast majority of American families. Please help. Sincerely and fraternally, Floyd E. Smith Co-Chairman Eugene Glover Co-Chairman William W. Winpisinger Co-Chairman


Machinists Non-Partisan Political League . 405 Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20036
Enclosed is my $2 contribution to MNPL. Please send my card. Name 1AM Local No Address City State

Machinists Non-Partisan Political League

Washington, D.C. 20036

Dues Book No.


The Machinist
Published by International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers

Standard With Loopholes

One out of every seven employers is now delinquent in turning over to the U.S. Treasury money deducted from employees* wages for Social Security and income taxes. Internal Revenue Service reports that 2,300,000 employers are now behind on turning over withholding tax payments. In most cases, the employers use the cash, paying a low penalty rate 6% a year plus Vi% monthly rather than to pay. 13% interest or more on bank loans. The situation has aroused U.S. Rep. Charles Vanik (D, Ohio), a member of the House Ways and Means Committee, where all Federal tax legislation originates. The committee has approved a motion by Vanik to increase the penalty to 9%. Fortunately, workers don't lose by their employers' delinquency. The proper amounts are credited to the employees' a c c o u n t s whether employers pay or not.

OSHA s Vinyl Chloride Rule To Force Use of Gas Masks

The U.S. Labor -Department has finally announced a new health standard for clean air in factories and shops making and using polyvinyl chloride (PVC)a sweetsmelling, cancer-causing gas from which most clear plastic products are manufactured. The new standard, effective next Jan. 1, will require re-engineering in most plants. Until the engineering changes are completed, the Labor Department order permits employers to require employees to wear respirators, a kind of gas mask such as that pictured above. The order will affect nearly 10,000 workers now employed in the chemical plants producing plastic from the gas and 350,000 employed in the manufacture of plastic products using PVC. The new standard reduces the permissible exposure to PVC from the present 50 parts per million (ppm) to one ppm average over any eight-hour work day and five ppm over any period no longer than 15 minutes. The present 50 ppm standard was set only last April following disclosure that at least 14 PVC workers in the USA had died of cancer and other abnormalities of the liver. Prior to that OSHA had permitted 500 ppm in any plant. Trade union safety reps have been pressing for a regulation permitting "no detectable level" of PVC. Their drive was supported by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).

'Case of the Plastic Peril' On CBS Television Oct. 19

CBS Television News has produced a special documentary report on polyvinyl chloride, "The Case of the Plastic Peril." It features the problems and fears of 400 members of IAM Local 598, South Charleston, W. Va., who work at Union Carbide Corp. They make PVC for use in upholstery and wigs. Two of the 14 PVC fatalities unveiled so far were 18-year veterans of the Carbide plant. The hour-long news special will be telecast on Saturday, Oct. 19 at 10 p.m. EDT. Check your local TV listing for the CBS station in ycur ;^f The. regulation requires that employers must provide approved respirators for their workers. They must be worn in any area where the exposure level is more than 25 ppm. Those working in areas where the poison is present in the air but measures less than 25 ppm can choose for themselves whether or not they want to wear the mask. Angelo Cefalo, IAM Safety rep, has criticized the reliance on gas masks as "an unsatisfactory compromise." He pointed out that: "The standard gives the employer the discretionary authority to use respirators. It requires workers to wear masks thus allowing employers to by-pass or at least postpone engineering standards."

A conference committee of the U.S. Senate and House last week reached agreement on an election campaign reform bill providing public financing of Presidential elections only. If ap- proved by the House, Senate and President Ford, it would become effective for the 1976 election. The measure puts ceilings on campaign spending and contributions for House, Senate and Presidential races. Spending by Presidential candidates w o u l d b e limited to $10 million in pri1 maries, $20 million in the general election. The Nixon Re-election Committee raised $55 million for the 1972 campaign. Funds for the Presidential, races would come from the $1 and $2 amounts checked off on Federal income tax returns. No individual would be allowed to contribute more than $3,000 to any one candidate's campaign, with a maximum of $25,000 to all candidates.

The Secretary of Labor defended the respirator requirements explaining: "We have not established any deadlines for full compliance through engineering controls because we are presently unable to determine when it will be feasible for most establishments to reduce exposure levels to the permissible level." Industry groups, led by the Society of the Plastic Industry, have filed suit in Federal Court to overturn the new standard. Society President Ralph Harding called the standard "unrealisticprobably impossible for most, if not all of the industry to meet." Another difference includes the scope of the new standard. Labor safety reps wanted workers who handle or use PVC products, such as meat wrappers, to be covered by the standard. They are not. The standard requires employers to set up their own monitoring and air measurement programs. Monitoring is to be performed "at least monthly . . . but not less than quarterly" on each worker exposed to PVC levels over the five parts per million limit. Specific language in the standard provides that: "Employees or their designated representatives shall be afforded reasonable opportunity to observe the monitoring and measuring required. . . ." The standard also requires restricted work areas for PVC work. It sets up new rules on record keeping of medical and work histories of PVC workers. Those records must be kept for at least 30 years.

COLA Adjustments Made Quarterly Under Terms of Eaton Corp. Pact

More than 1,500 members of IAM Local 1717 at the Industrial Truck Division of the Eaton Corp., Philadelphia, Pa., have ratified a three-year contract that provides for cost-of-living adjustments (COLA) in addition to regular wage increases, a new dental plan, and substantial other benefits. Anthony (Galvin) Konowalczyk, union rep for IAM District 1, reports that the contract grants wage increases ranging from $1:07 to $1.12 an hour-over the next three years. This year, raises are 70 cents an hour for day workers, 65 cents for incentive workers. In 1975, all Eaton employees will receive a 22-cent hourly raise; in 1976,_the raise will be another 20 cents an hour. In addition, Konowalczyk adds, IS Eaton workers will receive quarterly cost-of-living adjustments in 1975 and 1976. The contract guarantees 25 cents an hour each year, even if living costs remain stable or decline. The COLA is limited to 50 cents during those last two years. each year of service. In 1976, the benefit will rise to $7.75 and $8 in 19.77. Dental Beginning Oct. 1, 1975, a dental plan will pay 80% of employees' dental bills after payment of a $50 deductible. 80% of a worker's family bills, after payment of a $50 deductible. Vacations Four weeks after 15 years; five weeks after 20 years. HolidaysA floating holiday this year, for a total of 13. Craft adjustmentsA 20-cent an hour craft adjustment for all journeyman classifications. Konowalczyk was assisted by these members of the Local 1717 negotiating committee: Phillip Christ, local president; Charles Foster, Gerald Hanigan, Raymond Houck, Joseph Macklin, Ronald Miller, Henry Minissale, Edward Zeplinski, and members of the incentive committee, Orrin Jones, William Small and Ronald McDonald.

Life insuranceA new $9,000 The raises plus COLA, Konowalczyk points out, will increase benefit is now effective, with an wage rates at the Philadelphia additional increase to $10,000 plant by a total of $1.62 over the scheduled for 1975. Retirees are next two years. After this year's covered by a $2,000 benefit. increase, rates range from $4.68 Night premium Increased an hour to a top journeyman machinist's rate of $6.53 an hour. "fronT'28 to 38 cents an hour. Here are some of the other gains scored by Eaton workers as reported by Konowalczyk: PensionsBeginning Jan. 1, 1975, all pension' benefits, past and present, will be increased from $6.50 to $7.25 a month for Accident and sickness Already increased from $80 a week to $90 with additional raises to $95 a week in 1975 and to $100 in 1976. Major medical Beginning Oct. 1, 1976, insurance will pay

Jackson, Tenn.Two journeyman machinists and two journeyman electricians wanted. IAM shop since 1951, good working conditions, equal opportunity employer. Write: J~ H. Long, Rec. Secy., IAM Local 1647, 112 Maywood Dr., Jackson, Tenn. 38301." THE MACHINIST

Read by More than 3,500,000

in All of the 50 States, Puerto Rico, and the Canal Zone



OCTOBER 10. 1974

October is month to refigure '75 local dues rate

IAM local and district financial officers are working harder than ever this month. October is the month to adjust local dues schedules. IAM President Floyd Smith has written every local reminding them of the minimum dues provisions of the union constitution. Under the IAM Constituion, next year's dues rate will be twice the weighted average hourly earnings of local union members or $6.50, whichever is greater. Dues rates beginning Jan. 1 will be based on the hourly earnings in effect on Oct. 31 this year. The constitution provides that per capita increases to the International, which are voted on at Grand Lodge Conventions, will automatically be added to the local's dues rate. The per capita increase for 1975 is 200. Dispensation from this provision may be President if a local qualifies on granted by the International three counts: / It must have established an Whether. applymgf for . Emergency Fund as required by dispensation C oar; . n o t , , the IAM Constitution. every, local Imust. <n6tify ' It must be affiliated with the ;^International;" Presi- theV State Federation of Labor, . dent of its minimum; dues, the AFL-CIO Central Body, and rate, that will gointo ef- the appropriate State Machinists fect Jan. i,fincluding per- Council or Conference. capita increases;/'-::;.".-';;., the suggested amount to the Machinists Non-Partisan Political Education Fund for the year 1974. . Locals desiring dispensation -which are not presently affiliated with such bodies should apply for such affiliation prior to submitting the request for dispensation and enclose its letter of application for affiliation, Smith exV It must have contributed plained.

Union at Work

Full COLA escalator negotiated a t Boeing

A n e w t h r e e v e a r c o n t r a c t

Boeing workers received a total an hour for workers in. Labor of 440 an hour in cost-of-living Grade 1, to $7.43 an hour for providing full catch-up. That's how much Boe- journeymen in Labor Grade 11. Schultz cost - of - liv- ing workers were shortchanged Here are details on those and ing protection is now in force at under their bid escalator which other key benefit gains scored by provided for adjustments only Boeing plants around the nation. IAM negotiators at Boeing. once a year. Grand Lodge Rep. Al Schultz, Dental Beginning Jan. 1, Schultz explains that the total Boeing coordinator, reports that IAM members at Seattle, Renton, economic package provides for a 1975, the IAM-Boeing dental Auburn and Everett, Wash., "freezing in" of 330 an hour in plan will pay 100% of the dental Wichita, Kan., and at Cape Ken- cost-of-living adjustments received fees for workers and their faminedy, Fla., voted by a 54% mar- in the first two years of the old lies with the exception of prosgin to accept the three-year con- contract; plus the 440 hourly thetics and -"orthodontics: ProsCOLA catch-up; and topped with thetics are covered by a 50% tract. a 3% wage increase. That total benefit; orthodontics-are not covThe major improvement in the averages out to an 11.7% in- ered. new contract is an unlimited, crease immediately. Drugs Beginning Jan. 1, quarterly cost-of-living escalator. Machinist Photo It started working on Oct. 1, the During the last two years of 1975, workers will pay a $2 dethe contract was signed. The the contract, Boeing employees ductible fee for each prescription. $995 back pay for David Schroeder day escalator will grant Boeing em- will receive annual wage increases The drug plan pays the balance! a 10 adjustment for each of 3% backed up every three Boeing pays the full cost of the David Schroeder, IAM Local 1309, Fresno, Calif., left, dis- ployes .3 of a point rise in the Con- months with cost-of-living adjust- premium for the plan. plays a check for $995 in back pay that he received after being sumer Price Index, using the ments. Base rates in 1976, minus Medical insuranceBoeing will any COLA, will range from $5.12 shortchanged $1.68 an hour for months by the Frank J. San- 1967 base. pay the full cost of premiums for ders Co. employees' families, beginning The first of 11 COLA adjustJan. 1, 1975. Hospital room and Ronald Boggs,. union rep for District 87, right, reports that ments will be made Jan. 2, 1975, Union to the core board allowance will be raised to based on changes in the index Schroeder, a lot man for the new car dealer, was left behind to $80 a day in Washington State; Workers at Dudley Sports, Inc. work on recreational vehicles when the company relocated. The for this month and December. have joined the IAM team of $64 a day in Wichita; and $62 There is no limit on the amount company told him that his job would no longer be covered by of cost-of-living adjustments that IAM Local 1092 at Sellersville, at Florida and Louisiana locathe IAM contract. Schroeder was shortchanged until his union Boeing employees may collect be- Pa. According to the Ten-Ninety tions. Those rates will be inan additional $10 in tween now and July 2, 1977, the Tooter, the 19 employees make creased rep discovered the discrepancy. the inner cores of softballs which 1977. Major medical improvedate of the final adjustment. are shipped to . another plant ments now cover the cost of a licensed clinical psychologist, and In addition to the escalator, where covers are sewn on. Back pay for unpaid driver premium alcoholism treatment. Two IAM members on Eastern Airlines at Washington, D.C., Shift premium Second shift International Association of Macninists shop laborers at National Airport, have won back pay of 50 an (See BOEING, page 7) and Aerospace Workers hour for the driving they did over three and a half years. An $=arbitrator awarded S. M. Rudich, $408, and W. N. Thomas, International President General Secretary-Treasurer $394, Eugene Coughlin, general chairman for IAM District 100, FLOYD E. SMITH EUGENE D. GLOVER Answer to brain twister: 126,1005 Machinists' Bldg. 709 Machinists' Bldg. 280. Let x be the population and reports. Washington, D.C. S00S6 Washington, D.C. X0036 you get x:44 :: (x-8,610) : 41. Or General Vice Presidents Since 1948, the IAM contract with Eastern has provided that figure the emigration left three MIKE RYGUS WM. W. WINPISINGER ROBERT R. SIMPSON persons less per square mile, and Rm. SOS, 80 Argyle Ave. 1005 Machinists' Bldg. Suite 3 shop laborers regularly assigned to driving trucks and tractors Ottawa, Ont., Canada Washington, D.C. 200S6 4320 Atlantic Ave. 8,610 divided by three gives the Long Beach, Calif. 90801 shall be paid a 50 hourly premium. Thomas drew the premium square miles. Multiply that by 44. FRED J. FURCELL FRANCIS F. JIEAGHEK TOM DCCY for 22 years, Rudich for three. Then in January, 1971, Eastern Suite 189 Suite S00 50 West Oakton St. 1200 112th Ave. N.E. unilaterally ended their premiums. 6500 Pearl Road Des Plaines, III. 60018 Bellevue, Wash. 9800 i Cleveland, Ohio 44130 District 100 took Jhe case to arbitration and Coughlin argued SAL IACCIO ROE SPENCER JOHN PETERPATJL Suite 2S48 Suite 346, Empire Center 814 Machinists' Bldg. the case. The arbitrator ordered back pay for Rudich and Thomas. 420 Lexington Ave. 8383 Stemmons Fwy. Washington, D.C. 20036 New York, N.Y. 10017 Dallas, Tex. 1521ft He also told Eastern to resume paying the premiums.

Notices should be received at least two weeks prior to event. Correspondents must give brief necessary facts, i.e., nature and name of event, time, date and place, full names of persons in charge of other factual data. Address copy to The Machinist, 909 Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20036. NEW YORK state Council of Machinists will meet Oct. 11-12 at the Flagship Hotel, Rochester, Amand Heck, sec.-treas., reports. VIRGINIA Machinists Council will meet Oct. 11-12 at the Holiday Inn, Covington, Va., W. E. Hicks, sec.treas.. reports. ALABAMA State Council of Machinists will meet Oct. 12-13 at the Quality Inn, Junction 1-65 and Airport

Blvd., Mobile, Carl Scott, sec.-treas., reports. MINNESOTA State Council ,of Machinists will meet Oct. 12-13 at the Machinists Labor Temple, 1399 Eustis St., St. Paul, Minn., David Schaller, rec. s e c , reports. CALIFORNIA Conference of Machinists will meet Oct. 16-19 at the Roval Inn. the Wharf. San Diego. John T. Schiavenza, sec.-treas , reports. RAILROAD-AIRLINE staff conference will be held Oct. 17-18 at IAM headquarters, Washington. D . C . for Grand Lodge Reps, IAM Special Reps and General Chairmen. IAM Vice President John Peterpaul announced. NEW ENGLAND Conference of Machinists will meet Oct. 19-20 at the

Dutch Inn, Great Island Rd., Falilee, R.I , George Horsman, sec.-treas., reports. OHIO State Council of Machinists will meet Oct. 19-20 at the SheratonColumbus Motor Hotel. 50 N. Third S t . Columbus. Philip Zannella. sec.treas.. reports. GEORGIA State Council of Machinists will meet Oct. 21-22 at the Riviera Hyatt House, 1630 Peachtree St., N.W., Atlanta, J. M. Akins, sec.treas., reports. rOOl & DIE Conference will meet Oct. 24 at the Holiday Inn, 124 Royal St., New Orleans, La., Rudolph Poweleit. sec.-treas., reports. IAM RAILROAD General Chairman's Association will meet Nov. 6-7 at the

Miyako Hotel, San Francisco, Calif., B. B. Kidwell. sec.-treas., reports. WEST VIRGINIA State Council of Machinists will meet Nov. 8-10 at the McLure House. Wheeling, C. F. Brua, sec.-treas., reports. AUTOMOTIVE Conference will be held Nov. 19-21 at the Diplomat Hotel, Miami, Fla., John Trementozzi, IAM automotive cordinator, reports. IAM COMMUNICATIONS AND PUBLICATIONS SEMINAR will . be held Dec. 1-6 at the , AFL-CIO Labor Studies Center. Silver Spring. Md., a suburb of Washington, D.C. Enrollment limited to 25. Write: John Biumm. IAM Education Director. 912 Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20036.

Change of address cards on Form 3579 should be sent to Eugene Glover, Secretary-Treasurer, International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, 1300 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Wash., D.C. 20036. Published weekly except for weeks of'New Year's, Independence. Day. Thanksgiving and Christmas. Second-class postage paid at Washington, D.C: Subscription $4 yearly to non-members.

OCTOBER 10, 1974



Gary Hart endorsed in Colorado

The Colorado Machinists Non-Partisan Political League has endorsed Democrat Gary Hart for U.S. Senator, James Dugan, presid e n t , reports from Denver. Hart w o n the Democratic nomination recently in a t h r e e-m a n race. He faces Hart U. S. S e n. Peter Dominick, the GOP incumbent, in the Nov. 5 election. Dominick seeks a thud term. Hart, 36, is a Denver attorney with considerable experience in the Nation's Capital. He was Sen. George McGovern's 1972 Presidential campaign director. His earlier experiences came in the campaigns of John and Robert Kennedy. Dominick has a low batting average on labor's scorecard of key votes since he entered the Senate. On 90 key votes, he voted Right 14 times and Wrong 76 times, from labor's viewpoint. That's a .155 batting average.



Map of misery: areas of substantial unemployment

This map shows the concentrations of misery in the United States. Each of the areas named on the map had 6% or more of its workers unemployed during August. There are 51 such areas of "substantial unemployment" listed in the U.S. Labor Department's latest report. There are 150 major labor areas in the country. It is the most misery reported by the Department in many months. In January, 1969 (before Nixon), only six labor areas were plagued by more than 6% unemployed. nounced the allocation of $350 million to states and localities with substantial unemployment, making it possible for them to create some 73,000 new public service jobs, according to the announcement. As that recession abated, the picture imThese federal grants can be used to hire proved with the number of misery areas additional employees in any public agency dropping to a Nixon era low of 33 which such as schools, hospitals, libraries, or public continued from November, 1973, until Febworks, recreation, police and fire departruary of this year. Since then the increasements. Only those who live in an area of has been constant. substantial unemployment who have been Last week, the Secretary of Labor an- jobless for 30 days are eligible. With the advent of the Nixon Administration that number grew steadily, peaking when 65 major labor areas reported substantial unemployment in October, 1971.

Solar named to NYC Development Agency

Mayor Abe Beame of New York City recently appointed Joseph Solar, manager of IAM District 15, to the board of directors of the New York City Industrial Development Agency. Solar, president of t h e New York State Council of Machinists, Solar is one of the agency's 11 board members. The new agency was set up to encourage industry and to stem the decline in factory jobs. Mayor Beame called the agency "a major step" in an effort to curb the loss of manufacturing jobs in New York City.

I A M joins fight to retain four long holiday weekends

The IAM has joined forces with the National Council for Monday Holidays to save those three-day weekends that most union members enjoy. Veterans' organizations, principally the American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars, are pushing to return Veterans' Day and Memorial Day to their original dates, Nov. 11 and May 30. Due in part to labor's efforts, Congress in 1968 moved four national holidays to Mondays. They are Washington's Birthday, the third Monday in February; Memorial Day, the last Monday in May; Columbus Day, second Monday in October; and Veterans' Day, the fourth Monday in October. Already 40 out of 48. states that originally brought their state laws into conformity with the Federal law have switched Veterans' Day back to Nov. 11. They did this largely because of pressure brought by veterans' organizations on state legislatures, pressure which now is being brought to bear on Congress for a switch back under Federal law. In addition, because of similar pressure, eight states have now changed Memorial Day back to May 30. These states include Connecticut, Illinois, Kansas, Maryland, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico and Wyoming. The only argument for the switch is sentimental attachment to the old dates. To counter this the National Council for Monday Holidays was formed. The IAM and . the Hotel & Restaurant Employees Union are labor members. Others include major industry associations in the air transport, travel, bus, hotel and recreation fields. They freely agree that their members benefit by long week-ends, but point out that a great deal many more people can participate in holiday celebrations when they fall on weekends. William Toohey, chairman of the Monday Holidays Council, recently testified to, a Congressional subcommittee that Memorial Day and Veterans' Day on Mondays brought a big spurt in the number of visitors to national cemeteries those days following passage of the 1968 law. People had time to travel. Moreover, highway fatality figures for those days showed a substantial drop when the holiday was moved to the week-end. Holiday motorists no longer had to do all their traveling fastin one day. Toohey also told Congress that unions had been successful in negotiating more paid holidays since they were switched to the weekend. Washington's Birthday, Columbus Day and Veterans' Day are new paid holidays in many union contracts. Employers generally prefer week-end holidays because they cause less disruption and absenteeism in the plant or shop. Robert Juliano, Washington representative of the Hotel & Restaurant Employees, told the Congressmen what happened in his home town, Chicago, 111., last Memorial Day. He was there. The state had switched back to May 30, a Thursday, but Federal offices, rail commuter lines and many employers under union contracts celebrated on the fourth Monday, May 27. That Monday many commuters who had to work were hit by low-frequency train schedules, other parents were home and their children were in school. On Thursday, the children were off and a lot of the parents were workingall in all, a very confused week. Reginald Newell, IAM research director, has this advice for union members: For union members, the determining factor on paid holidays is the language of the IAM contract, not Federal or state law. However, if members want to continue winning more paid holidays, they will fight efforts to whittle week-end holidays out of both state and Federal laws.

The Federal Highway Administration reports this year's total passenger car registrations at 105 million. That's an increase of 3,525,000 over last year. There are 25 million trucks operating or 1,206,000 more than in 1973. Motorcycle registrations total 4,969,000, an increase of 616,000. The oil industry sold more gasoline in July this year than it did in July of 1973before the Arab boycott.


Marylanders buttonhole Candidate Tom Hatem

Legislative committee members of IAM Local 2424, Aberdeen, Md., get together with Thomas Hatem, third from-left, Democratic candidate for Maryland's 1st Congressional District seat. Jesse L. Latham, local president, reports that they discussed the proposed move of the U.S. Army's Ordnance School from Aberdeen Proving Grounds, where Local 2424's members are employed, to Huntsville, Ala. Meeting took place at the recent opening of the AFL-CIO COPE headquarters in Bel Air. In photo, 1 to r, are Jim Hannah, Local 2424 secretary-treasurer; Arlen Hall, organizer; Hatem; Robert Waldon, chief steward; Wendell Phillips, steward; and Paul Trout arid Ralph Ritchie, chief stewards. Latham couldn't be present.
Kolloway Photo

& tan

s U S A


Major air programs survive budget cuts

setts Institute of Technology, the Concorde SST program continues on schedule. The MIT study, done for the U.S. Department of Transportation, concluded that a worldwide fleet of SST's would dangerously The 1975 defense appropria- deplete the ozone shielding the tion recently approved by a joint earth from the harmful rays of House-Senate conference commit- the sun. The two-year study used tee provides funds for production data from Concorde emissions. of the Fairchild A-10 and Mc- The result showed that an evenDonnell Douglas F-15 fighters, tual fleet of 500 SST's would the Lockheed S-3A submarine deplete the ozone by about 16%. patrol aircraft, and the Boeing- That, the study concludes, could built Airborne Warning and Con- raise the incidence rate for skin trol System (AWACS). Here are cancer and blindness. budget summaries, of each proThe Concorde is still targeted -gram: to begin commercial service in Fairchild A-10 Allocation 1976. One of its prototypes is provides $138 million for mem- scheduled to undergo icing tests bers of IAM Local 1987 to build in the USA beginning Oct. I. 25 A-10's at the Republic Divi- The plane will arrive at Moses sion plant in Farmingdale, N.Y. Lake, Wash., about half way beAn additional $81.4 million will tween Yakima and Spokane, for provide further A-10 research one month of tests. and development. Technology transfers There McDonnell Douglas F-15 may be some hidden benefits to $757 million funded for purchase those foreign junkets by members of 72 F-15's with $175 million of Congress. Take U.S. Rep. Dale for additional research and devel- Milford (D, Tex.) as an example. opment. Milford is a member of the Lockheed S-3A$429 million, House Science and Astronautics the full amount requested, for the Committee. He was one of the guests at the recent Farnborough purchase of 45 sub hunters. Air Show in England. While overAWACS $370 million for seas, he visited other European purchase of six Boeing E-3A space and scientific facilities, radar planes with an additional where he discovered the value of $210 million for research and American aerospace technology. g . " development. The Texas legislator exclaimed: In addition to bolstering our "At the European Space Agennational defense, adequate fund- cy in Amsterdam, I got my^first ing of these programs insures shock, something that concerns stable employment, and in some me greatly. It seemed there were cases, increasing employment. as many Americans working Concorde statusDespite dire there as Europeans. And, they predictions of the environmental were taking technology that we impact study of supersonic trans- spent billions of dollars in deports conducted by the Massachu- veloping." Four new military aircraft programs that will provide the livelihood for thousands of IAM members have survived Congressional budget trimming. Congress has cut the Defense Department budget by $5 billion.

AM Cale

Facelift produces Bicentennial coins '*n

As a part of the Nation's Bi- struck with highly p o l i s h e d centennial celebration, the U.S. blanks. Uncirculated coins are regularly struck coins that have Mint will p u t three new coins into circulation in 1976. The never changed hands. commemoratives will be a redeThe three-piece proof set will signed Washington quarter, a cost collectors $15 and the threeKennedy half-dollar and an Ei- piece uncirculated set goes for senhower dollar. $9. The U.S. Mint places a limit of five sets per customer on each The three familiar coins will undergo a facelift operation as a set. result of the National BicentenIf you are interested write the nial Competition for New Re- Bureau of the Mint, 55 Mint St., verse Designs sponsored by the San Francisco, Calif. 94175. Ask National Sculpture- Society and for order cards for the Bicententhe Treasury. nial coins. Remember that proof and uncirculated coin sets sell out quickly. This year's 40% -silver Eisenhower proof and uncirculated coin sold out in one month. On the coins' obverse side (heads), there is only one change from present coins. Each will bear the 1776-1976 double date, representing our 200th anniversary. The reverse sides (tails) have been completely redesigned. (See photos.) 'Another change will be the coins' alloy. Each will be 40% silver and will have an 80% silver, 20% copper surface. Dollars and quarters minted after 1964 contain no silver. Beginning this year, the mint is using a 40% silver alloy for the dollar and half dollar. The quarter is still made of copper and nickel. New recordAlex Chervinsky of IAM Local 734, Lock Haven, Pa., was featured in the June, 1973, issue of T H E MACHINIST for breaking the world's coinstacking record. He's done it again. An article in Coin World reports that he recently stacked 130 coins, surpassing his old record by four. The towering seven-inch column contains 100 dimes, 10 pennies, 10 nickels and 10 quarters. They are balanced on the edge of a silver dollar.



I fe 5 f *i


Onitv i :
-"' *

International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers VJzsi'tir*Q Msn stnd Work an 3 ifJoRieii ;;; th& W-srl


In a free society there no substitute for collective bargaining.

F E B R U A R Y 1975
-S M T W T F S T F S


Catalytic emission systems a challenge t o mechanics

Failure of the industry to atThe addition of catalytic pollution control systems o n tract and train enough competent 1975 model cars makes the new mechanics is the leading auto mechanic's job more impor- problem, the scientists said, adding: "The number of vehicles per tant than ever. That's the gist of a recent report to Congress by mechanic in the country has the National Research Council. risen from 75 in 1950 to 145 in The Council is chartered by Con- 1970. During the same timei gress to conduct scientific studies. cars have become more complex and less repair-oriented in deThe new emission control sys- sign." The report said 12,000 tems involve "a multitude of new mechanics a year are needed control valves, quick warm-up to properly maintain autos. systems, control circuits, etc.," the Council declaredt The study Steam test-^The Environmennoted: "Of all the components, tal Protection Agency (EPA) rethe catalysts themselves appear ported recently that a s t e a m to be the least durable items. engine built by Jay Carter EnterSpark plug misfire, sustained op- prises, Burkburnett, Tex., met the 1975 Federal standards for emiseration at high engine power, and descent down long hills are ex- sions. EPA says its thefirstenamples of situations that would gine to meet the stiff requireresult in catalysts overheating and ments. possible failure." The Carter steam engine still The panel expressed concern needs improvement in fuel mileover the repair industry's ability age and must prove it can mainto maintain the new pollution sys- tain its low emission performance tems. "The service industry at for 50,000 miles to satisfy EPA the present-time is not adequate requirements. to service 1975-76 cars from an emission control standpoint," the The Carter steamer was scientists declared. They con- mounted in a VW Dasher station tinued: "Knowledge of the de- wagon. It got 15 mpg in laboravices, the diagnostic equipment tory tests simulating city driving, and the number of mechanics are and 17 mpg in simulated highinadequate." way driving. PAGE 4 THE MACHINIST OCTOBER 10, 1974

DECEMBER 1974 1 8 15 22 29

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M- T

2 9 16 23

3 4 5 6 7' 8 10 1 1 12 13 14 1 5 17 18 19 20 21 22 24 25 26 27 28




New Year's Day Emancipation Proclamation, 1863




IAM Locals install officers at first meeting in January. They can accomplish more for you if they have your active support.

Richard M.Nixon, 1913

U.S. Civil Semico Commission established, 1883 Ben Franklin, 1706 24th Amendment, poll tan illegal, 1964

The time has come to order your 1975 IAM wall calendar. Copies are ready for mailing from IAM Headquarters. The cover of the 1975 calendar is the IAM emblem above a snowy holiday wreath. Both are surrounded by a photo of the galaxy. The cover carries a Christmas greeting and symbols of both the USA and Canada. The IAM wall calendar is a fine way to remind you, your family and your friends of the world's best trade union. It makes a useful holiday gift that lasts all year long. Printing and paper costs have raised the price of the calendars this year. But at 500 each, three for $1.25, the 1975 IAM wall calendar is still a best buy. The calendars are sold at cost. Its spiral-bound ,9" x 12" pages provide space for daily notes and reminders. At year's end, you have a complete record of your monthly activities and notations. Already printed on the calendar are important datesreligious and work holidays, passage of landmark labor legislation and significant events in U.S. and Canadian history. Here's a handy order form. Clip and mail today. IAM calendars have been best sellers for 14 years. Don't miss getting your 1975 IAM wall calendar.

The U.S. Mint reports that Chervinsky, a drill press operaproof and uncirculated sets for tor at Piper Aircraft, has had the commemorative series will be more than 26 years' experience available to collectors for orderstacking coins. He accepts any ing Nov. 15, 1974. Orders will challengers. T h o s e interested be accepted through Jan. 31, should write to him at 104 N. 1975. Henderson St., Lock Haven, Pa. 17745. Proof coins are those specially
/' , ^

Calendar 1001 Machinists Bldg. " Washington, D.C. 20036

Samuel Gompers, AFL's first president, 1850 First Unemployment Compensation Lsw. Wisconsin, 1932. Franklin Roosevelt, 1882

First U.S. satellite, Explorer 1.1958

Yes,. I want the new IAM Calendar for 1975 with mailing envelopes. Please send me |"~] - one calendar. I am enclosing 500. three calendars. I am enclosing $1.25. 25 calendars. I am enclosing $9.25. 50 calendars. I am enclosing $17.50.





Make-'check or money order payable to Eugene Glover, General Secretary-Treasurer. (Canadian members order from 80 Argyle^Ave., Room 302, Ottawa, Ontario K2P IBS.) My name (print) My address (print) City and state .(print) Zip :... 'V
. . , UPI Photo

Miss Union, Linda Gold, is caught in a shower. Don't you get caught without the top quality of union-made goods.



OCTOBER 10, 1974

gest often best buy

By Sidney Margolius
If you have a large family, or even a smaller family, but can plan meals ahead, you may be able to save some money by buying institutional sizes of canned foods. You may have noticed the growing number of very large sizes of food products on supermarket shelves. These extra large sizes traditionally are bought by restaurants, institutions and other mass feeders but now are being bought more often by families, too, in this time of spiraling prices. In a recent survey, we found that savings per ounce are 10% to 15%, sometimes as much as 20%. In a few cases, savings may be too small to warrant buying huge amounts and, in one case, the cost per ounce of a two-pound can of ravioli was 11% more than that of the 15-ounce can. We also found costs of pork and beans the same in both institutional and regular sizes. Often such aberrations in pricing are due to the policies of a particular store or the competitive situation in a trading area which may tend to feature a special price on a smaller size. Moreover, families should compare "price by measure" or unit price of different sizes and brands, especially in this period of fluctuating prices, advises Frank Anastasio, Executive Director of Mid-Eastern Cooperatives. Sometimes a smaller size of a private, or "house brand," may cost less per ounce than the institutional size of an advertised brand. Also, fresh versions of the same product may be most reasonable. Fresh potatoes, for example, have dropped sharply in price this fall. One institutional size that may be usable by many families is the gallon can of vegetable oil. The oil can be poured into an ordinary jar as needed. Good savingsup to 20%also are available on institutional sizes of canned vegetables such as peas, corn and potatoes if you can plan uses ahead. Savings of 13% to 17% also are available by buying the quart and a half sizes of ketchup and mayonnaise. Families who can't use institutional sizes still usually can save by buying large sizes. In an earlier survey, we found that medium and larger sizes typically saved 18% over the cost ger ounce of small sizes. Biggest savings found were on large sizes of food products, especially cereals. Smallest savings were on household cleaning products although even in this department large sizes saved an average of 15% over small. The big packages of controlled-suds detergent often are especially good money-savers, Anastasio observes. In using the table of comparative prices with this article, keep in mind that these prices are from just one shopping area and will vary from store to store and time to time.

Molasses cookies, soft and thick, are full of iron

Here is a; recipe for a soft molasses cookie that is at least _ 150 years old, Mrs. Stephanie Reiter _of McAlisteryille, Pa., writes. The recipe belonged to her grandmother and is as good today as it was then, she says.. Ingredients are s i m p l e , b u t healthfulno expensive nuts, just "good dark molasses, full of iron. Pennsylvania molasses cookies
1 cup shortening 1 cup dark brown sugar 1 pint dark molasses (16 oz.) 1 tsp. cinnamon 1 tsp. singer Vt tsp.' nutmeg Vz tsp. cloves % tsp. cream of tartar 1 tbsp. baking: soda 1 cup buttermilk or sour milk 6 cups flour, approximately

Big vs. smallcomparative

, . , Instit'l. Size Pkg. Price

Reg. Size -Price Oi; - Cost

B&M baked beans Campbell's clam chowder Creamed corn Skippy peanut butter Co-op peanut butter . Ragu spaghetti with mushrooms Hellman's mayonnaise Heinz ketchup . Crisco vegetable oil Chef Boy-ar-dee ravioli Pork and beans Whole peeled tomatoes , Peas . Whole peeled potatoes ,

118 oz. $2.35 "2.00 -'2l'J 6z. $0.49 0.33 .52 pz. 1.09 2.10 10% oz:; 0.31 106 oz. 1.55 1.50 17 - oz. 0.87 ,4.0oz1.75 4.40. 18- oz. "1.2548 oz. 1.98 4.1 28 oz.. 6.57 48 oz. 1.49 ."3.1*.. ':\5Vi oz. 48 o z . ' 2.19 4.60 16. oz: 32 oz. 0.77 ,2.40 14 oz. - 6.39 1.09 128 oz. -5.19 4.00 24 oz. 0.41 32 oz. 0.95 3.00 15 bz. 0.51 110 oz: 1.99 1.8(4 28 oz., ,0.35 102 oz. 2.05 2.00 . 16/ oz. 6.32 110 oz. - 1.75 1.60 17 oz." 0.33. 112 oz. .~_1.79 1.60. 16/ oz.

Oz. Cost"-,

If buttermilk is not available, sour milk by adding 1 tsp. vinegar to 1 cup sweet milk. Let stand for 15. minutes. Cream shortening and sugar. Add molasses slowly, stirring con- stantly. Mix spices with cream of tartar and add to mixture. Mix soda and buttermilk, and make a fairly stiff dough by adding flour and milk alternately to the sugar - and - spices mixture. You may not need the entire six cupfuls of flour. Refrigerate overnight, covered. Roll out at least V4-inch thick (the thicker the better), using as little flour as possible. Keep dough refrigerated when not rolling and cutting. Cut into cookies and brush with beaten egg. Bake 10 to 12 minutes in preheated oven 350 F.

2.30 3.O0.; 1.80 4.80; 4.70-" 3.60; .'5.20, , .2:80 "4.5/' 2.70' 1.80;, 1.90: 2.00

Kitty Calipers' latest pattern

Another product containing the same chemical is labeled MajiNail, made by Maji-Nail, Inc. of Calabasis, Calif. A third is sold as Smartee Instant Nail, made by Lang Dental Mfg. Co. of Chicago, 111. FDA also recently recalled nearly 500 shipments of hairspray from stores because they all contained vinyl chloride as a propellant. The brands recalled are: Real Body Weatherproof Hairspray; The Most Hairspray; S t o r m y Weather Hairspray; Grand Award Hair Mist; Hold & Keep Hairspray; Real Hold Hairspray; Do Keep Triple Hold Hairspray; and 20-Vi Hairspray.

Four popular "gas-saving" gadgets have no significant effect on mileage, according to tests conducted for Consumer Reports, the monthly magazine of Consumers Union. The October issue says claims that the devices reduce exhaust emissions were not borne out in testing either. One actually made pollution and engine performance worse. Those tested were the Judson Electronic Magneto, Manfredi

Power and Fuel Booster with Pollution Control, Mini TurboCharger and Tungsten HydroCatalyst. The devices were tested in 1973 and 1974 automobiles. All except the Tungsten HydroCatalyst claim to increase horsepower; all failed to do so. The Tungsten Hydro-Catalyst is purported to end "hesitation, dieseling and stalling." It didn't. In fact, one test car developed a case of dieselingthe engine ran on after it was shut offand


a fouled spark plug after the device was installed. The Judson and Mini TurboCharger ' had no significant effect on exhaust emissions. The HydroCatalyst increased hydrocarbon emissions significantly, while carbon monoxide emissions were sometimes up and sometimes down. The Manfredi Booster at times increased emissions and at other times reduced them. A fifth "gas-saving" gadget, the Paser Magnum, was judged worthless by Consumer Reports, in January, 1972. Harmful cosmeticsThe Food and Drug Administration has recalled several fingernail hardners because they contain methyl methacrylate monomer. This substance, FDA reports, can burn the skin around the nail, create infections, and cause the loss of the nail. One of the substances is called Long Nails, distributed by the C.E.B. Products, Inc., of Chicago. Shipments have been seized in Texas, Michigan, Indiana, New York, and Tennessee.

Consumers League publishes almanac, 120 pages of facfs

The National Consumers League, celebrating its 75th anniversary this year, has published a 1975 Consumers Almanac & Calendar as a consumer's guide. The first of its kind, the Almanac contains 120 pages of facts and short .readable articles on consumer topics. Chapters include a chronology of consumer laws, a rundown on regulatory agencies, and a guide with addressesto organizations that can handle your complaints. The center of the book is a 1975 appointments calendar. The 1975 Consumers Almanac & Calendar can be" ordered directly from National Consumers League, 1785 Massachusetts Ave., Washington, D.C. 20036. Price is $2.95.

SIZES 8-18


This question, from an 1AM member, has been answered by Social Security: Question: My husband- died last December. A few days ago, I received a check from his employer for work my husband did before he died. Do I have to pay Social Security contributions on this money? Answer: No. A worker's earnings paid to his widow after" the year he died are not covered by Social Security.

Get lots of fashion mileage from this total teamwork of dash-. ing shirt, side-slit jerkin and slim pants. Send "now. Pattern 4646: misses' sizes 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18. Size 12 (bust 34) jerkin, pants 2% yards 54inch; shirt 1% yards 45-inch. Send 75 cents to Kitty Calipers, Pattern Dept., 232 W. 18th St., New York, N.Y. 10011. Add 25 cents for first-class mail and special handling. "

OCTOBER 10, 1974



Rules for submitting ads
For Saler-Books For SaleReal Estate

Here are the latest inventions reported by IAM members. Most are seeking manufacturers. If you have an invention to advertise, send a description with a sketch or photo, if possible, and your name, address and IAM Local number to THE MACHINIST, 909 Machinists BIdg., Washington D.C. 20036. Heat exchanger Henry O. Englert, a retired member of IAM Local 751, Seattle, Wash.^ holds a U.S. patent on a device which is very timely in this period of scarce fuel supplies. It's a heat exchanger for existing fireplaces. The metal device directs heat from the fireplace into the room, thereby cutting down on the need for other heat sources, Englert reports. He has developed a number of working models for demonstration and would like to find a manufacturer. For additional information, write Henry O. Englert, Blaine, Washington. 98230. Fuel economizer P. W. Allen, a retired member of IAM Local 702, Miami, Fla., reports on his patented Dynamic Fuel Economizer for automobiles. The device introduces water vapor to the fuel/air mixture in auto carburetors. The result is better mileage and less pollution, Allen writes. For more details, write P. W. Allen, 725 Westward Dr., Miami Springs, Fla. 33166.

The mailing label on the front page of this paper entitles any IAM member to advertise in these columns without charge. Any IAM member can advertise tools or other personal property. Ads cannot be accepted for rentals, personal services or sidelines, or firearms and ammunition. Print .or type wording on a separate sheet of paper in

30 words or less
including your name, complete address and lodge number. Send ad with the mailing label from the front of this paper. Allow three to four weeks between the posting of letters and receipt of your ad by our readers! We recommend you set a price in your ad. . Address all ads to: Swap Shop, 909 Machinists BIdg., Washington, D.C. 20036. No ad will be published unless the mailing label is enclosed.
For Sale^Tools KWIK-WAX BOD RECORDING and pin fitting with cap grinder. 1-yr. old, $350; Sunnen pin fitting machine with assorted - mandrels,- $100. JR. Mackowiak, IAM Local 701, 6913 W. 69th St., Oaklawn, 111. 60453. DIES AND TAPS, by L. H., 2-64 to %-16, inc., also spec, sizes in R.H. taps. G. Grass, IAM Local 1053, 84 Andover Ave., Buffalo, N.Y. 14215.

For SaleAutomotive
1919 MODEL T station hack, restored, $2,000; 1926 Model T coupe, restored, $2,295. H. Curry, IAM Local 311, 4052 .Presidio Dr., Simi, Calif. 93063. 1937 FIAT TOPOMNO for sale or trade for Honda, $500; also spare parts. G. Watzlawick. IAM Local 63, 2305 S.E. 121, Apt. 70, Portland, Ore. 97216. 1956 FORD VAN, 6-cyl., chuck wagon, completely equipped, restaurant on wheels, running cond.; $500. A. Rowe, IAM~ Local 777. Gen. Del., Thomasville, Mo. 65578. 1972 HONDA CB 500, 4-cyl., front disc brakes, custom- paint, fender bars, 6-in. tubes, hi-way bar, Barnette racing clutch and spring; low mileage, garage kept; $1,600. S. Carey, IAM Local 701, 2426 "W. Vermont, Blue Island, 111. 60406. SHOP MANUALS, Chevrolet truckpassenger, 19972-74; Pontiac, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1972; Fisher body, 1971, 1972; Carburetion, 1955 to 1971. D. - Spencer.-IAM Local 1351, 24615 35th PI. S., Kent, Wash. 98031. 1971 MERCURY STATION WAGON, 10-passenger, air cond., radio; one owner, garage kept, clean, 42,000 miles; asking $2,850. H. Mueschen, IAM Local 1983. 1974 Cataline Dr., Santa Cruz, Calif. 95060. 1967 JAGUAR ROADSTER, restored classic, recently completed, mint cond.,; must see: $3,500 or offer. P. Jacobsen, IAM Local 1487, 7841 W. Peak Dr., Palos Hills, HI. 60465. 1972 HONDA CB 450. very clean: 4,000 miles; E. Elstner. IAM Local 50, 3945 Sunnyside Ave., Brookfleld, 111. 60513.

CURRENT EVENTS MAGAZINES, 30 4-BEDRM. HOUSE, lots of room, loveold issues, dated Oct. 1927-33, four ly area, old house, garage, well, garpages in each issue; sell to highest den, fir and truit trees; school and bidder. W. Zatorski, IAM Local shopping; $29,500, 8%, terms nego1745, Rt. 1. Jewett City. Conn. 06351.' tiable. \ Peterson, IAM Local 1005, 5355 S.W. Dawn, Lake Oswego, Ore. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHICS, Jan., 97034. 1943, to D e c , 1974. inclusive, $100 money order, you pay shipping; & ADJOINING LOTS, developed, in weight about 320 lbs. T. Garlich, Port Charlotte, Fla., 1% blocks to IAM Local 701, Box 77, Norris City, 100-ft. waterway on the Gulf; $4,000 HI. 62S69. ea. J. Cakera, IAM Local 701. 540 Davis-, Downers Grove, 111. 60515. For SaleMiscellaneous FLORIDA LOT, 80 x 122 ft.. Port St. John, Fla., near Cape Kennedy; OAK TABLE, round, 3 leaves, good $4,895 or reasonable offer or trade cond., best offer. D. -Waisaness, IAM for N. Carolina mountain acreage. Local 289, 1519 N.W. 59th St., Seattle, A. Raymond, IAM Local 702, 9255 ~Wash. 98107. S.W. 36th St., Miami, Fla. 33165. DEPRESSION GLASS, 45 pieces, mod- CRESTLINE, CALIF., PROPERTY ern tone, $85; incense burner, made (RESORT), two 1-bedroom apts., in India, bronze on pewter, $15; plus one 80% finished; brings $240 amethyst table lamp, $15. P. Borsick, per week in season; 12 years old, IAM Local 1711, 620 Reese St., Sancustom built; $27,500. J. Friedmann, dusky. Ohio 44870. IAM Local 1186, 12430 Viama St., ANTIQUE DOIXS. all sizes, ceramic Cerritos, Calif. 90701. and porcelain, white flesh, wigs anc LOT, at Surfside Estates, north of complete dolls. H. McCoy, IAM Local Ocean Park, Wash.; $1,200 down, 1650, Rt. 1, Lawson, Mo. 64062. 7%%, take over payments at $35 a TELESCOPE, by Aerolite, astronomimonth, or pay off. Barney R. Weeks, IAM Local 751. 18425 N.E. 95th. Sp. cal with equatorial mount, D 60mm, 130, Redmond, Wash. 98052. P 910 mm, .No 859, never used, in box, $125; Kennedy toolbox, with MOBILE HOME, 2-bedrm.. late 1973, aircraft plumbing tools, $75; antique 14 x- 65-ft., N.W. Arkansas, near dresser, $75. W. Henager, IAM Local Beaver Lake; no property for 12 x 727, 10361 Lanark, Sun Valley, Calif. 60-65-ft., no flood damage, sacrifice, 91352. Lodi, Stockton. Calif., area. H. BINOCULARS, new". Kalimar, coated Meyer, IAM Local 68, 1101 S. Old optics, 8 x 40 wide angle, field 9 Missouri Rd., 69, Springdale, Ark. degrees, case and stop, cost $70, 72764. i make offer; Oster vibrator, new, 3-4 ACRES, ideal for development, 2 infrared* heat, in box, with scalp income properties and living quarmassager, $30. B. Heintze, IAM Local ters on 6 lots; all sold together, rea837, 6709 Chamberlain, University sonable cash sale. I. Wagamon. IAM City. Mo. 63130. Local 1526, Box 67, South English, ANTIQUE RADIO TUBES, perfect Towa 52335. . cond., 226, 227, 245, 41, 42, 80, etc.; RIO'RANCHO, N. MEX., corner, acre. state needs, will replv if I have. R. Lot 6, Block 28. Unit 4, $4,000. F. Searles, IAM Local 129, 72 Julia St., Piontkovsky. IAM Local 402. 22037 Cranston. R.I. 02910. 128 St., College Point, New York 11356. 1974 BASEBALL CARDS, for sale or trade: send for what you want. M. 5-ACRE CORNER LOT, near Phoenix, Moss, IAM Local 46, Rt. 2. 32 Ariz.. 600-ft. from interchange of ICherokee Dr., Union City, Mich. 10: $15,000. E. Daugherty. IAM Local 49094. 389. 1481 3rd Ave., 84, Chula Vista, Calif. 92011. NEW ENGLAND BOTTLES, 75 to 100 years old. state tvpe desired and 5-ROOM HOUSE, on corner lot. 50 x make offer: some blown mold," other 8$-ft., baseboard heat; walk to varieties, excellent cond. B. Dube, beach; paradise for fishing, hunting: IAM Local 2139. 20 Orchard St., S10 000. V. Gadaleta. IAM Local 447, Bidd'eford. Maine 04005. P.O. Box 141. Smyrna. Del. 19977. DISHES. 2 dishes in good cond.. 1 24 x 45 MOBILE HOME. 6 months old, dessert plate, 1 salad bowl; "Henlandscaped park. 2 miles from ocean, lev" on side of dishps. a crest sign custom built, furnished, central heat, of Johnson Bros.. England: "make air cond.; selling because of illness. offer. H. Jones. IAM Local 1286, Box W. Rustin. IAM Local 660, 943 18th 5, Derrick City. Pa. 16727. PL. Vero Beach, Fla. 32960.

work is now worth an additional 250 an hour instead of the old 180. Irregular work weekEmployees in maintenance and customer service who are required to maintain a seven day operation will receive a 250 hourly bonus. Pensions Beginning Jan. 1, 1975, the monthly benefit will be $9 for each year of service. The benefit for service after that date will be $12 a month. The old benefit was $8. Savings planImprovement in the voluntary savings plan now permits workers to save 8%, instead of the old 5%, of their earnings. Boeing will match half their savings. VacationsEmployees will be permitted to build up their two years of vacation for an extended leave. After two years, workers will be paid for accrued, but unused vacation. Holidays Three more days off with pay for a total of 37 over the next three years. UpgradingsRevisions in job

from page 2

descriptions and upgradings will provide additional raises for 3,591 Boeing employees at all locations. Job progression, seniorityThe time required to climb through the progression schedule to the top three labor grades has been reduced. Seniority provisions have been tightened. Funeral leaveImproved to include paid time off in the event of the death of stepmother, stepfather, stepchildren, step-brother, step-sister, half-brother and halfsister. Union security A modified union shop clause requires all new employees to join the union or pay an equivalent agency fee within 30 days of the start of employment. Schultz is the overall Boeing corporate coordinator. He was assisted in the corporate-wide talks by William Walkama, District 751, Seattle; Carl Courter, District 70, Wichita; Lee Rabb, District 166, Cocoa, Fla.; and Grand Lodge Reps Frank E'Dalgo' and Merle Pryor.

For SalePets
AKC GERMAN SHQRTHAIR POINTERS, 6 weeks old, quality bloodlines; males, $75; females, $50. G. Vogel, IAM Local 31. 622 N. 40th, Council Bluffs, Iowa 51501.

lAfanted FORD MODEL C engine and transmission wanted, please stafe price and cond. in first letter. E.' Myhowich, IAM Local 1531, 2714 Pilot La., Yakima. Wash. 98901. SILENT 1GMM EDITOR wanted, viewer, 400-ft. capacity, manually operated; have silver coins for sale. W. Cumby, IAM Local 709. Rt. 2, Tallapoosa, Ga. 30176. OLD BATTERY RADIOS wanted with horn speakers and a Scott Philharmonic console; please be reasonable. C. Schwartz, IAM Local 2048, 3015 W. 40th St., Davenport, Iowa 52806. REAL ESTATE wanted in Southern Clark City, Wis.. with or without buildings. J. Kramer. IAM Local 701, 5114 W. Grand, Chicago, 111. 60639. AUTOMOBILE LICENSE P L A T E S wanted, collecting from all states, Canadian and foreign; also motorcycle plates; would like to hear from other collectors. R. Mallams, IAM Local 2193. 2205 E St.. San Diego, Calif. 92102.

For SaleReal Estate

TWO 5-ACRE LOTS, near Los Angeles Intercontinental Airport, Southern Pacific R&R, near L.A. development; 35 miles from L.A., level land; $1,500 per acre, $500 down. E. Wheelbarger, IAM Local 727. 1528A Hollywood Way. Burbank. Calif. 91505. 35 ACRES, in Hildreth, Fla., on. U.S. 27. 6 miles from Swaunee River, 1 mile from Santa Pe River; $1,200 Der acre. J. Burkhart. IAM Local 702. 665 E. 8th Ave., Hialeah, Fla. 33010. 40 ACRES, undeveloped, in deer hunting country, in Skee. Mich., large pine and cedar trees, 4 acres cleared, bordered on 3 sides by government land; $13,000. R. Meilke. IAM Local 701. 2938 N. Elston. Chicago, 111. 60618. 3-BEDRM. HOUSE. 2 baths, central heat and air, lot 75 x 140. city water, sewers; near shopping and schools; space coast area: $25,500. C. Bates, IAM Local 701. 4400 Elliot Ave., Titusville, Fla. 32780.



. ; All applications for the 1975 IAM Scholarship -..Program must be postmarked not later than Dec. 8, 1974. Applications postmarked after that, date will .' :'nat be .considered. To get an application blank, -^eligible members are urged to send-in this coupon 'NOW. Note: the coupon is not an application.

Request For An Application Form1975 IAM Scholarship Program

Please send me an Application Form for the 1975 IAM Scholarship Competition. I understand fully that this request is itself not an application and that Application Form must be completed by me and postmarked no later than December 8, 1974. WARNING: You will probably not have sufficient time to receive and complete your form unless you send in this request before November 8, 1974. Coupons received too late will not be acknowledged. There are two kinds of Application Forms. By checking the appropriate box below, you will receive the correct one. I believe 1 am eligible to apply because: D I am an IAM member under 40 and will have 3 years' continuous membership in the IAM as of December 31, 1974. I am a child of an IAM member who will have 2 years' continuous membership in the IAM as of December 3 1 , 1974, and am currently in my last (senior) year of high school. Print your name and address clearly: If you do not qualify under the above requirements, please do not send in this coupon. No exceptions can be made to the rules. (Zip). IMPORTANT Fill out this coupon, put in an envelope and enclose a self-addressed, gummed label,for reply. (Do NOT send envelope.)

"Michaleski, I've had reports that you keep your work area in an untidy condition."

Mail to:

IAM Scholarship Program, Room 911, 1300 Connecticut Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20036



OCTOBER 10, 1974

Cures NOT guidelines

Wage-price guidelinesvoluntary or otherwisehave no place in any program to tie down the skyrocketing cost of living. On the price side, they don't work at all. Prices will continue to rise regardless of any guideline. The past four years should have taught us that prices will continue to skyrocket even when the guidelines are called controls and they supposedly could be enforced in the courts. Look at what happened to the cost-of-living from 1971 to 1974 under the so-called Economic Stabilization program. The retail price of food in grocery stores increased 3 1 % . The rate of inflation tripledfrom 4.5% a year in 1971 to more than 12% in 1974, when the law finally expired. If the controls are voluntary, the results will be even worse. Corporate patriotism On the wage side, guidelines work very well. They don't have to be enforced by the courts. The enforcement agents are the patriotic employers who suddenly can do their bit for the country by chiseling on their employees' wages. It's a patriotic duty that few corporation executives can shirk. The result is exactly what we've suffered these past years. Prices skyrocket; wages don't keep up. It means a lower standard of living for all but the rich. Guidelines will lower living standards, but they will not stabilize the cost of living.' Even Alan Greenspan, that most conservative among conservative advisers to President Ford, concedes that wage rates are lagging behind the rise in prices. He admits that wage rates are not the cause of this cruel, family-wrecking increase in our "" living costs.
i ^ ^ Easing If wages are not the cause, they cannot logically become the cure for this sick economy. There are useful steps our government could take at this time to ease the pressure on prices. Here are five suggestions offered to Mr. Ford by AFL-CIO President George Meany:

Forbidden fruit

Chemical cleaners
repeatedly through the years. The ash residue would represent a complex mixture of many chemicals. Although the degree of harmful effects is An IAM member from West Virginia writes: unknown, it could be substantial. "I have worked for a large chemical corporation for the past 24 years. Seven to eight of these years The precipitators would contain a packed acI worked in the power house as a laborer washing cumulation of dusts, of coal and chemicals, and out boilers and dust collectors. These boilers and inhalation of such dusts during the cleaning procdust collectors contained-a lot. of .chemical residue ess would provide an intensive dosage to the lungs. which could not be burned or dumped in land fills. Squeezing into tight places to clean these precipiThe outside of the boilers were lined with asbestos which was badly deteriorated. Chemical residue and tators increases the dust and the amount taken coal were burned in boilers and the fumes and dust into the lungs. escaped through electric precipitators which I cleaned. The x-rays showed I had emphysema and chronic Your exposure to asbestos dust from the deteriobronchitis. My doctor does not feel that I have a ration of asbestos covering the boilers, and in the case for workmen's compensation at this time." clean-up after the insulators did their repair work, In your case, the job title "laborer" is mislead- adds to the risk of serious damage to the lungs. ing. Your doctor, like most others, probably thinks You worked near the acrolein unit. Fumes would of a laborer only in terms of heavy physical work, come -into your area and it would be difficult to such as construction, and does not realize that breathe. This is understandable acrolein is a laborers can be exposed to injurious chemicals and definite lung irritant. It is most likely that you had sustain the same harmful effects as other workers. excessive exposure to TDI and the isocyanates, which also affect the lung. Actually, in many types of industry the laborer and maintenance worker are at greater exposure It is apparent that during the years you have to chemical dusts and fumes and therefore at had an accumulated exposure to a series of chemigreater risk. They work with the accumulation of cals known to be injurious to the respiratory sysdusts, etc., and can get massive exposures. tem. Bronchitis, lung fibrosis and the subsequent emphysema can occur from the "mixed dust" type You must realize, too, that the doctors who have never studied the work environment may not of work exposure, that is, a combination of different chemical dusts. appreciate the kinds of chemical exposures that can occur or the chemical dusts in a plant. It is necessary to provide them with the same detailed work history that I finally got from you. The doctor should have the complete picture. Laborers have more problems with compensation because even the companies do not recognize Two eager and dashing young beaux their occupational risk, and air sampling to measWere held up and robbed of their cleaux. ure the amount of various dusts, fumes, gases, etc., While the weather is hot usually is not carried out where the laborers work. They won't mind a lot, You were exposed repeatedly during the seven But what will they do when it sneaux? to eight years to a number of toxic chemicals. * Chemicals - that were too toxic_and^dusty-..to_be__. This" week's brain twister: Because of-artypodumped into the land fills were fed into the boilers. graphical error, the answer to the brain twister You mentioned a group of chemicals called fiuroin the issue of Sept. 26 contained an erroneous carbons, toulene dissocyanate (TDI), methyl formula. Here is the same brain twister, with isocyanate (MIC), and chemicals brought from the corrected answer on page 2. A census taker other plants that were burned in these boilers. figured that before 8,610 persons left the remote country-of Cooledonia, there were-44 persons The cleaning of the inside of the boilers, -which per square mile. After the exodus, there were usually took three weeks for each one, would con41 persons per square mile. What was the stitute a substantial exposure to the chemical original population? residues within the boilers, particularly when done

Lower interest rates and loosen up the monetary supply. Impose mandatory allocation of credit to socially-used projectsto housing, industrial expansion, utilities and public service. Expand the public service jobs program to create more jobs when unemployment in a locality reaches 5Vi%. Control the export of scarce commodities including foodstuffs, scrap iron and copper, lumber, cotton and fuels as well as the export of U.S. capital for overseas investment. Stop trying to balance the budget by cutting vital services to the poor, the aged, the handicapped and the minorities and , start balancing the budget by actively lobbying in Congress to close loopholes in the present tax laws which allow the wealthy and the corporationsthe international oil corporations, especiallyto pay far less than their fair share of the tax burden. Abandon the unfair foreign trade bill now being considered in Congress. Support trade legislation that will stop the export of American jobs, regulate the outflow of American capital and technology, regulate the flood of imports and tax those corporations which now evade paying their U.S. income taxes. Support an excess profits tax on the oil corporations which cooperated with the Arab sheiks to manufacture the energy crisis and create much of the current inflation. Finally, in dealing with the Communist countries on trade matters, let's put the needs of the American people ahead of the desires of commissars and end unilateral concessions to the Soviet Union, such as the great wheat deal of last year. Such a program would have a good chance of succeeding. Wage-price guidelines will only fail again.

By Dr. Thomas F. Mancuso

The Machinist
Th official weakly newspaper * "

International Association of Machinists and Aerospace 'Workers

Affiliated with AFL-CIO and CLC Machinists Building, 1300 Connecticut Ave., Washington, D.C. 20036 Gordon H. Cole, Editor Associates: Jane Stokes, Dean Ruth Robert J . Kalaski, Jerry L. Rollings Art Editor: Victor Vasal

Published weekly except for the weeks of New Year's, Independence Day, Thanksgiving-, and Christmas. Mailed to every member of the International Association of Machinists in accordance with convention and referendum action. Subscription price to non-members, $4 per year. Back copies, 20 cents each. Printed in the USA



at Labor Dept.
-_ _ ' JSen. Howard -Metzenbaum (D, Ohio)^ has .called on President "Ford to clean house at Metrenbanm at the U.S. Labor Department. .He; charged the Labor "Department's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) with "slipshod and reluctant enforcement of work place safety laws." The Buckeye legislator made the call in a rousing address to the recent National Safety Congress at Chicago. The audience. interrupted the Senator 17 times with applause-and at the end gave him a standing ovation. Senator Metzenbaum pointed out that the lax Federal enforcement of the job safety law during its first three years amounts to "aggravated assault on bur working, people in their work places." He called on President Ford and his-new Administration to seize the new opportunity. . "Let us change the old politics and the old personnel. . . . We must have OSHA administrators who devote themselves to protecting American workers from assault at the work place rather than to assuring American politicians election at the polls." Metzenbaum told the safety experts from industry, labor and government that- American workers were not much better off today than they were more than three years ago before the job safetyjaw was enacted by Congress. "Three years later, there are no fewer accidents and there is no less illness - in the working places. Three years later, the figures still read like war casualties. "Last year, 2,000,000 men and women were permanently or temporarily disabled at work. And last year was no different than the year before. "By itself, no law can stop accidents or ensure healthy working conditions. Only determined enforcement of the law can make it effective. We did not see that happen. "To the contrary, we~ saw low budgets and we saw administrators whose politicaLloyalties were stronger than their sense of duty toward the American working people.- We saw an Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission which has habitually vacated and weakened penalties. We saw too few inspectors in the field; we - saw superficial inspections, and weak and compromised citations." Senator Metzenbaum called the statistics revealing. Over the three-year life of the law, OSHA's staff of 700 inspectors have inspected only 3% of the nation's work places. At that rate, the Ohio legislator pointed out, it will take 97 years to inspect all work places. On fines, the Ohio Senator reported that employers paid an average of $18 per violation. The average fine for the 1% of the violations OSHA labels "serious" is only $678. "At that rate, it's cheaper to pay the fine than it is to make the plant safe." Senator Metzenbaum, who is serving out a brief term as Senator, was defeated for renomination last spring by Astronaut John Glenn. He has since warmly endorsed Glenn for the seat. For years, Metzenbaum's law firm has specialized in representing injured railroad workers under the Federal Employers Liability Act.

The Machinist
Published by International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers

Your Congressman M a y Be Hazardous to Your Health


Forty-two Congressmen have received contributions totalling more than $400,000 from organized medicine for their 1972 "and early-1974 campaigns. The 42 Congressmen (39 Republicans and 3 Democrats) have overwhelmingly voted with the American Medical Association (AMA) and against legislation to reform personal health care services. Most are sponsors of the AMA's national health insurance proposal, called Medicredit, which would raise taxes to subsidize private insurance companies in paying higher fees to doctors. Not a single Congressman on the list has sponsored the Griffiths-Corman Health Security Act, which would control fees While providing medical care for all. The $408,900 received by the 42 Congressmen was raised and channeled to them by the AMA's American Medical

Political Action Committee (AMPAC) and similar organizations. The facts were revealed in a report entitled Your Congressman May Be Hazardous to your Health made public by the Committee for National Health Insurance. The Committee is supported by the trade union movement including the IAM. The research was the work of the Committee's affiliate, Health Security Action Council. The facts came from campaign fund-raising and spending reports filed with Congress as required by law. The report emphasized that only onethird of the $2 million collected this year by organized medicine for its political war chest had actually been disbursed by Sept. 10, the most recent deadline for reporting contributions. The next reports are not due until Oct. 21. The committee pointed out that vast additional amounts are
Sponsorship Health Ins. Bills AMA AMA AMA ..AMA. AMA AMA AMA AMA AMA AMA AMA Health Voting Record

being passed out now to Congressmen who support only the AMA positions on national health insurance and health care reforms. The Congressmen who have benefited most from gifts by the medical profession are Rep. Roger Zion (R, Ind.) who got $28,300 since his 1968 campaign and Joel Broyhill (R, Va.) who got $26,400. Here are the Congressmen, the medico cash received by each, and their record on on health care reform and national health insurance. "R" stands for Right; "W" for Wrong. A dash shows that the Congressman didn't vote on that motion. The votes: Vote 1Rehabilitation of the Physically HandicappedAmendment by Rep. Earl Landgrebe (R, Ind.) to reduce funds for vocational rehabilitation and kill a new program for rehabilitation services to the physically handicapped. Measure was deState Nev. N.J. NJ. N.C. Ohio Okla. Ore. Pa: S.C. S.D. Tenn. Texas Va. Wis.

feated 213 to 165 on Mar. 8, 1973. A vote for the Landgrebe amendment was a Wrong " W vote against needed services. Vote 2Health Program Financing Motion by Rep. Robert Michel (R, 111.) to cut $632 million from 26 social programs including many health services. Motion defeated 213 to 186 on June 26, 1973. A vote for the Michel motion was a Wrong "W" vote to starve established health programs. Vote 3Emergency Medical Services President Nixon vetoed a bill to provide $185 million to aid area emergency medical systems and operate eight Public Health Service hospitals. Vote to override veto failed 259 to 164 on Sept. 19, 1973, lacking a two-thirds majority. A vote against overriding the veto was a Wrong "W" vote denying needed health service to many communities.

Alaska Ark. Calif. Colo. Ga. III. Ind. -. Iowa Ky. La. Md. Mich. Mo. Mont.

Don Young (R) John Hanunerschmidt (R) Robert Langomarsino (R) Donald Brotzman (R) John Davis (D) Robert Hanrahan (R) George O'Brien (R) Samuel Young (R) David Dennis (R) William Hudnut (R) Earl Landgrebe (R) Roger Zion (R) William Sherle (R) M. G. Snyder (R) John Rarick (D) Robert Bauman (R) Marjorie Holt (R) Garry Browji (R) Robert Huber (R) Gene Taylor (R) Richard Shoup (R) -

AMA Contributions 1972 1974 0 $10,100 $ 250 6,500 5,400 3,125 6,000 2,000 1,500 4,000 500 1,000 200 5,250 3,150 4,000 10,200 9,500 6,000 5,000 7,700 3,000 6,300 6,000 2,000 2,500 7,050 3,050 6,950 7,000 350 7,000 5,500 4,000 6,000 6,000

David Towell (R) John Hunt (R) Charles Sandman (R) Earl Ruth (R) Samuel Devine (R) John Jarman (D) John Dellenbacfc (R) Albert Johnson (R) Edward Young (R) James Abdnor (R) LaMar Baker (R) Robin Beard (R) Dan Kuykendall (R) Robert Price (R) Alan Steelman (R) Joel Broyhill (R) Stanford Parris (R) William Wampler (R) William Whitehurst (R) Harold Froehlich (R) Vernon Thompson (R)

Contributions 1972 1974

6,000 1,500 1,500 3,000 5,750 9,600 5,000 2,000 5,000 12,400 8,550 8,900 11,300

Sponsorship Health Ins. Bills


Health Voting Record

1 2 3

Elected 1973 R W R Elected 1974 W W W W R W R W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W W R W R W W W W W W W W W

w W W R

2,500 10,400 2,000 2,000 7,200 6,450 5,750

15,300 3,000 1,000 5,000 8,100 6,500 3,000 2,000 5,000 5,000 7,000 5,000 5,200 5,100 2,000 6,000 5,300 3,000 3,000 5,000 4,250



w w R
W W W W W W __





w _ w w w R

w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w w R



OCTOBER 17, 1974


Defense bans strikebreaking


IAM President Floyd Smith disclosed last week; a new declaration of policy by the Department of Defense that should effectively prevent the use of military personnel as strikebreakers in future civilian labor-management disputes. Up to now, the official military policy had been one of "neutrality" but interpretation of that policy was left to local military commanders. In the current dispute between IAM District 151, Honolulu, and Hawaiian Air Tours Services, military personnel had been permitted to accept off-duty jobs as strikebreakers.

tomary or regular employment of local citizens, and to remain neutral in all labor disputes. Because almost any action or inaction can be construed as favoring one party or another in such situations, we have attempted to clarify existing policy with the following even-handed guidance which will be applicable throughout the Department of Defense.

" 'Off-duty employment of military personnel by an organization involved in a strike is permissible if the member was on the payroll of such organization prior to the commencement of the strike and if the employment is otherwise in conformance with the provisions of DoD Directive 5500.7. No military member may The Department's policy has accept employment by an orgabeen clarified in a letter from nization at a location where that Secretary of Defense James R. organization is involved in a Schlesinger to AFL-CIO Presi- strike after commencement and dent George Meany, who had during the course of such a made a formal inquiry on the strike. Members who are ensubject. Schlesinger wrote: gaged in off-duty civilian employment which does not meet the "Once this office became aware above policy will be required to of the involvement of off-duty terminate such employment.'" military personnel in this Hawaiian Air Tours strike, we be- Secretary Schlesinger made his gan a review of Department of policy effective on the day the Defense policy and applicable letter was written, Sept. 27, law. noting that it "will require most "It is the desire of this depart- of the military members currently ment to assure, as required by employed by Hawaiian Air Tours law, that certain military person- Service to terminate their emnel do not interfere with the cus- ployment immediately."

Machinist Photo

Protesting Mickey Mouse rules at Mercury Marine

Instead of a wildcat strike, the day shift in the Mercury Marine toolroom at Oshkosh, Wis., members of IAM Local 451, came to work recently in these hand-painted Mickey Mouse tee shirts. Their purpose was to protest some Mickey Mouse work rules. As toolmakers, they thought that they should make known their objections to "all the reprimands and write ups" they were being subjected to. In so many words they were saying, "if we work for a Mickey Mouse outfit, we might just as well join the club, theme song and all." The shirts were hand painted by an exceptionally talented wife of one of the toolmakers. It took a lot of time, otherwise the whole shop would have been wearing them. When THE MACHINIST received this report, there was no indication of the results. The name of our correspondent is withheld because he feared a possible personal reprimand. Sounds like something was wrong at Mercury Marine.

In California

$ 7 5 0 , 0 0 0 jobless pay awarded T W A members

IAM Local 1111, Los Angeles, with 1,400 members and Local 1058, San Francisco, representing 700 members, filed a joint appeal under the state Unemployment Insurance code. TWA joined the state department in opposing payment of the benefits. A hearing referee heard both sides at hearings in both cities TWA still has the right to apover a period of three months. peal the referee's decision to the Then he ruled for the IAM mem- California Unemployment Insurbers, stating in his decision: ance Appeals Board. However, "None of the IAM employees any board decision can be apeither in Los Angeles or San pealed, hi turn, to the courts. Francisco were directly involved TWA opposed unemployment in the trade dispute or particibenefits for IAM members in pated actively therein prior to the many other states during the time when the airline ceased to same strike, but only in Missouri operate 'and the employees were - were benefits withheld very long. placed on 'off-duty status'.. . . <>"All IAM employees, both in Answer to brain twister: If X Los Angeles and San Francisco, is Bill's age now, then X 4 is except those treated herein, were Jim's age. So, X + 5 = 2(X temporarily relieved of their 4). Bill is 13, Jim is 9. work by the employer on or about Nov. 4, 1973, and the employer was the moving party in such separation. These claimants did not leave work because of a trade dispute and are-not subject to the disqualifying provisions of Section 1262." The referee's reasoning for this conclusion was that the choice of the employees whether or not to observe picket lines was taken away from them when TWA informed them that "the airline in effect was closing down and that there would be no work until the strike was settled."

More than 2,100 IAM members on Trans World Airlines at Los Angeles and San Francisco, Calif., have won a referee's decision awarding them over three-quarters of a million dollars A series of six IAM Spe- Arbitration Feb. 9-14, 1975, in unemployment benefits. cialized Schools and Staff Insti- University of California, Berkeley, Quenton Kerr, president of tutes were announced recently ^ ^ ^ u K ^ S - ^ IAM District 142, on TWA and by IAM President Floyd Smith. b e r s w h o h a n d i e arbitration cases. Ozark Airlines, hailed the award Collective B a r g a i n i n g (Two and praised the members for their Intensive week-long sessions covering communications and Schools)Feb. 23-28, 1975, Univer- stubborn fight. He relayed these publications, collective bargaining sity of Alabama, Birmingham; April details from James O. Gangwes, and local education methods are 20-25, 1975, University of Wiscon- the IAM's TWA shop committee sin, Madison. Open to members chairman at Los Angeles: planned for IAM staff members, who will be or who are now ineditors and local officers with volved in local negotiations and The award stems from the responsibilities in those areas. have not previously attended this TWA Stewardesses' 44-day strike type of Specialized School. that ended last Dec. 18. At the John Brumm, IAM education OrientationMarch 9-14, 1975, start of the strike, Nov. 4, TWA director, reports that locals should consider sending partici- IAM Headquarters, Washington, sent the IAM members letters pants to the schools and mail in D.C. Open to newly elected reps placing them on "off duty withgeneral chairmen. Other full- out pay" status. reservations as quickly as pos- and time staff members who have never sible. Here is the schedule: The IAM members filed for attended will be given consideration unemployment benefits but Gov. Communications and Publica- if space is available. Ronald Reagan's California DetionsDec. 1-6, AFL-CIO Labor Education MethodsMarch 23Studies Center, Silver Spring, Md. 28, 1975, University of Illinois, partment of Human Resources Open .to business reps, general chair- Urbana. Open to local education Development ruled they weren't men, local leaders and editors who chairmen, more reps, general chair- eligible. Grounds were that the will be editing local newsletters and men and local officers and commit- IAM members allegedly supother publications or handling pub- teemen conducting educational ac- ported the Stewardesses, had lic and membership relations. tivities. adopted the strike as their own and were therefore ineligible for benefits.

IAM sets special seminars on union-building topics

Noticea should be received at least two weeks prior to event. Correspondents must give brief necessary facts, i.e., nature and name of event, time, date and place, full names of persona in charge of other factual data. Address copy to The Machinist, 909 Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. SOOSS. NEW ENGLAND Conference of Machinists will meet Oct. 19-20 at the Dutch Inn. Great Island Ed., Falilee, R.I., George Horsman, sec.-treas.. reports. OHIO State Council of Machinists will meet Oct. 19-20 at the SheratonColumbus Motor Hotel. 50 N. Third St., Columbus, Philip Zannella, sec.treas., reports. GEORGIA State Council of Machinists will meet Oct. 21-22 at the Riviera Hyatt House, 1630 Feachtree

St., N.W., Atlanta, J. M. Akins, sec.treas., reports. r o o t & DIE Conference " will meet Oct. 24 at the Holiday Inn. 124 Royal St., New Orleans, La., Rudolph Poweleit, sec.-treas., reports. IAM RAILROAD General Chairman's Association will meet Nov. 6-7 at the Miyako Hotel, San Francisco, Calif., B. B. Kidwell, sec.-treas., reports. WEST VIRGINIA State Council of Machinists will meet Nov. 8-10 at the McLure House, Wheeling, C. F. Brua, sec.-treas.. reports. AUTOMOTIVE Conference will - be held Nov. 19-21 at the Diplomat Hotel, Miami, Fla.. John Trementozzi, IAM automotive cordinator, reports.

International Association of Machinists and Aerospace "Workers

International President FLOYD E. SMITH 2005 Machinists' Bldg. Washington, D.C. 0055 General Secrefary-Treasvrer EUGENE D. GLOVER 709 Machinists' Bldg. Washington, D.C. S0036

General Vice Presidents WM. W. WINPISINGER ROBERT R. SIMPSON MIKE BYGUS Suite 3 Km. 302, 80 Argyle Axe. 1005 Machinists' Bldg. Washington, D.C. S0036 43SO Atlantic Ave. Ottawa, Ont., Canada Long Beach, Calif. 90801 TOM DTJCY FEED J. PURCEIX FRANCIS P. MEAGHER SO West Oahton St. Suite ZOO Suite 189 ltOO Utth Ave. N.B. Des Plaines, III. 60018 6500 Pearl Road Cleveland, Ohio VtlSO Bellevue, Wash. 9800', JOHN FETERFATJL SAL IACCIO ROE SPENCER Suite S!,6, Empire Center 814 Machinists' Bldg. Suite 2348 420 Lexington Ave. 8383 Stemmons Fwy. Washington, D.C. 20036 Dallas, Tex. 758*7 New York, N.Y. 10017

Change of address cards on Form 3579 should be sent to Eneene Glover, Secretary-Treasurer, International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workeis, 1300 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Wash., D.C. 2KS6. Published weekly except for weeks of New Year's, Independence Day. Thanksgiving and Christmas. Second-class postage paid at Washington, D.C. Subscription $4 yearly to non-membem.

OCTOBER 17; 1974



Fronflash helps organize to get out the vote Nov. 5

With the help of Frontlash, a youth organization that- works in tandem with trade unions, IAM locals on Long Island are wellorganized for the get-out-the-vote drive up to Election Day, Nov. 5. The IAM locals were able to update records so that they now have the addresses and phone numbers of most members who are registered to vote. In fact, the program jointly sponsored by Frontlash and the Long Island Federation of Labor, helped a lot of union members get registered, Harriet Teller, Frontlash's Long Island director, reports. At work on this job, 1 to r, in photo, are: Ed Pulver, New YorkNew Jersey" COPE director; Muriel Strafer, Hotel- & Restaurant Employees Local 164; Jack Maisel, legislative chairman and recording secretary of IAM Local 1470; and Harriet Teller.
Frontlash Photo

Florida IAM backs Stone for Senate

The Florida State Council of Machinists has endorsed Democrat Dick Stone of Miami
for U.S. Sena t o r, t h e Council reports. Stone, the f o r m e r Florida Secretary of State, will oppose the GOP's J a c k E c k e r d of Clearwater, a millionaire drugstore stone owner. They will vie for the seat to be vacated by U.S. Sen. Ed Gurney (R), who bowed out after he was indicted. Stone, 46, is a former State Senator and city attorney of Miami. He graduated cum laude from Harvard and won his law degree at Columbia University.


Federal aid-to-education should include apprentice training


Carl Schwartz runs in Washington State

Carl Schwartz, former representative for IAM District 751, Seattle, Wash., has won the Democratic nomi-

IAM Vice President Bill Winpisinger, a member of the Federal Committee on Apprenticeship, has called on the Federal
government to provide the same kind of financial assistance to apprentice training that it gives to every other type of education. Without such financing, he warned, apprentice training is failing, to provide the nation with the skilled journeymen necessary to improve technology. Winpisinger declared that "putting money into academic education for scientists and engineers without backing it up with support for practical training of skilled craftsmen is like buying a three-legged stool that only has two legs." The IAM Vice President, an auto mechanic by trade, pointed out that Congress has set up and funded a Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training. "To this point the results have been negli-

gible, at least in the metalworking and trans-, portation industries," he asserted. Winpisinger spoke at New Orleans before the National Transportation Apprenticeship and Training Conference, of which he was once co-chairman. He explained his position this way: "Right now we are being told that to reverse the inflationary spiral, American industry will have to. achieve higher levels of efficiency and productivity. The key to more productivity is improved technology. And the key to improved technology in any society is" the existence of many kinds and levels of human skill. "First we need scientists, physicists, mathematicians, biologists and others to do the basic research that leads to what we might call the truths of the universe. "Next, we need engineers, of every kind, to create blueprints and plans, to draw up

specifications and to oversee the development of industrial hardware. "But finally this nation needs machinists, tool and die makers and all the other metalworking skills to translate these blueprints and plans into working prototypes." He points out that the government has subsidized academic training at all levels from grade to graduate school, that industry, too, recognizes its stake in formal academic training. "I find it somewhat paradoxical that corporations which give millions to universities are not willing to spend a cent on apprentice training," he declared. Winpisinger concluded that "until the Federal Government makes this investment, which is just as necessary as the' investment it now makes in other kinds of education and training, we are not going to have any real honest-to-God apprenticeship program in the United States. Instead we're just going to go on giving it a lot of lip service." Service Trades Council of Greater New York, has been named secretary of the New York City Central Labor Council. He succeeds Morris Iushewitz, who retired after 19 years. In his years with the Union Label Council, Avrutin has developed many imaginative programs to increase the sale of union-made products. He was the source of the popular Miss Union Maid Doll, whose dress bore the IAM label. No longer available, the doll was a sellout for many years.

nation for S t a t e Representative in Washington State's 48th District. Schwartz, a B o e i n g emp 1o y e e and IAM shop steward, was Schwartz formerly president of IAM Local 751-F.
He will oppose the Republican incumbent on Nov. 5. If he wins, he will push for state tax reform and passage of the collective bargaining law that died in the past session of the Legislature, he says.

vey by McKinsey & Co., as reported by the New York Times. The chief executives of the nation's 851 largest business corporations increased their own pay 8.5% on the average last year. The heads of corporations with sales volume of $1 billion or more averaged $223,000 including stock options. Chiefs of firms with sales of $500 million earned only $181,000. These corporations reported the biggest jump in profits in 20 years. From a sur-

BNA offers new book on Pension Reform Act

The new pension reform act, one of the most complex measures ever to become law, is the subject of a new book prepared by the editorial staff of the Bureau of National Affairs, Inc., publishers of Labor Relations Reporter and other informative services. The book contains a detailed analysis and explanation of the

provisions of the act, the text of the Explanatory Statement of the Conference Committee of Congress, and the official text of the law. Highlights of the New Pension Law can be ordered from BNA Books, 1231 25th St. NW, Washington," D.C. The price in paperback format is $4.50 per copy.

Nice to be rich
If your cigar smoking isn't up to snuff these days, the latest edition of the Nat Sherman Company Smoker's Catalogue may have just the answer. One offering is called "The Good Life Selection" 150 cigars of all shapes, sizes and descriptions. Of course, they come in a leather humidor with handtooled 14 karat gold latch and lined with velvet. It's all yours for only $125. It's nice to be rich.

Harry Avrutin secretary of NYC Labor Council

Harry Avrutin, secretary-treasurer of the Union Label and




At General Dynamics

RR Retirement Act will boost benefits

President Ford

I A M skills build a light-weilht fighter

DrillingE. L. Gilbert, left, and C. Reese drill a worlcpiece that will soon become a wing assembly for a YF-16. Light-weight and low-cost have won as hig ; priority in the development of tomorrow's fighter aircraft just as they have for cars of the ure. Grand Lodge Rep. Freeman Brown reports Dynamics Corp., Forth Worth, Tex., are biddi Air Force. Two models of GD's YF-16 are i rop's YF-17. Early next year, the Defense Deps flight test results. The winning company will .bi t members of IAM District 776 at General to build a new lightweight fighter for the U.S. undergoing rigid flight tests against Northent will pick the best plane based on those at least 300 production aircraft. Flight lineJ. R. Barnes makes last-minute checks and adjustments under the wing of a YF-16 on the flight line.

Portable cold frame for your plants

Gardening can be fun even in winter with the right equipment. Steve Ellingson's pattern No. 444 for a cold frame on wheels will let you defy the outdoor temperature and raise seedlings for transplanting in spring. To use the cold frame, seeds may be placed in pans or individual paper cup containers. Then when the weather gets w a r m e r and the plants have matured sufficiently, they may be transferred out-of-doors. The two glass lids may be opened as shown for easy access. When the lids are down, the heat from the sun warms the interior for fast and healthy growth. In extreme heat just wheel into a shaded area so as not to burn tender shoots. And, of course, the bottom shelf is handy for storing pots, tools, and other miscellaneous items. This is a project that any amateur can undertake with success when he uses the full-size

pension, an employee has to complete 25 years' service. New benefit formula Railroaders who retire within the next eight years (before Jan. 1, 1983) will have their benefit computed two ways. One will be figured under existing actuarial The President doesn't have to formulas. The second will be sign the measure. Congress has figured using actuarial formulas written into it a legislative fiat which take effect next Jan. 1. that will make the law auto- Employees retiring within the matically effective at 12:01 a.m., eight-year "grace period" will reOct. 13, whether the President ceive the highest of the two signs it or not. That prevents a benefits. pocket veto. Benefits for employees eligible For most of the 990,000 re- to retire after Jan. 1, 1983, will tired railroaders and then- de- be computed as follows: all empendents currently drawing Rail- ployment prior to 1975 will be road Retirement benefits, the new figured using current formulas. law will be good news. It pro- Service after Jan. 1, 1975 will vides major improvements in be credited on the basis of Vi of benefits beginning Jan. 1, 1975. 1 % of the employees' average Here they are: monthly salary, plus $4, all multiplied by the total number of Widow and survivor benefits years of service. Payments to widows and other dependents of deceased railroadThose retiring in 1983 or later ers will increase by about $40 a will receive a so-called two-tier month. Such increases will be pension payment. A basic or firstgoing to nearly 400,000 persons. tier payment will come from Social Security. The second tier Spouse benefits Spouses of will be a Railroad Retirement employees can start d r a w i n g fund payment. benefits at age 60 without reducDual benefits;The new law tion if the employee retired after last June 30, was age 60, and had provides that "all employees and completed 30 years of service. their spouses currently on RailFormerly wives had to wait until road Retirement rolls and who age 65 to draw benefits. This presently have vested rights hi brings spouses' benefits into line both plans" will be eligible to rewith the 60/30 provision for em- ceive both payments in full. Dual ployees which became effective benefits are those paid to worklast July 1 under previous legis- ers who have qualified for both a Railroad Retirement and a Social lation. Security benefit. The Railroad Reduced pensions will become Retirement Board reports that payable at age 62 to spouses of about 340,000 retired railroaders employees who retire after next are receiving dual benefits. Dec. 31 at age 62 with less than The new law eliminates a com30 years' service. plicated financial interchange beSupplemental benefitsEmploy- tween Social Security and Railees qualifying for supplemental road Retirement which required pensions will be able to draw the Railroad Retirment Fund to them at age 60 instead of age 65. pay the costs of Social Security To qualify for a supplemental payments to railroad employees. Unless President Ford vetoes the measure, a bill to put the fast dwindling Railroad Retirement Fund on a sounder financial footing will have become law by the time this issue of THE MACHINIST is delivered.

The FY-16 is a small plane by present milit standards: It is a single-plane, single engine fighter that measures only 47 feet long with ;pan of 30 feet. A combat-ready YF-16, fully loaded with fuel and armament, weighs only~4 )0;pounds. But while short on size and weight, the YF=J classified but its speed is mach two-;twice thi Compared to the best fighter in the U.S. milit;' Phantom, the General Dynamics YF-16 boasts^ acceleration rate nearly twice as fast; and a turi
- .


s long on performance. I t s exact stats are >eed of sound, around 1,400 miles an hour, inventory today, the McDonnell Douglas F-4 unbat radius about three times greater; an i ratio about twice as fast.

pattern. You need only trace the pattern parts on wood, saw the parts out and assemble. It's inexpensive and certainly a practical item for all home gardeners. To obtain the full-size cold frame pattern No. 444, send 75 (add 250 per pattern for airmail delivery) by currency, check or money order to: Steve Ellingson, THE MACHINIST, P.O. Box 2383, Van Nuys, Calif. 91409.

Another big plus with a light-weight fighteij :-the YF-16 is the cost. General Dynamics is now estimating costs of about $3 million perl ne, a bargain by today's military aircraft standards. [ IAM members at General Dynamics have, buted their skills many times to some of the best fighter planes in the Air Force. Among si J vplanes are F-102 Delta Dagger; the F-106 Delta Dart- and the F - l l l swing-wing fighter. bi sr.: They hope that they will be adding the F-16 to that list.
Machinist PhotO3

Sheet metalR. A. McKown fits a piece of sheet metal in preparation for bonding to a subassembly.

AssemblyT. B. Scott assembles the framework of a YF-16 canopy.

Hobby exchange)
A. Pezdir, IAM Local 34. 5336 73rd St., Kenosha, Wis. 53140. Desires genealogical info, on descendants and ancestors of Burringrton, Fosdick, Getschman, Held (Helt, Heldt) families, will share or exchange info. S. Bosen, IAM Local 720, 5012 W. 15th St., Los Angeles, Calif. 90045. For sale English whisky pitcher, blue, ceramic shaped like a fish, inscribed Plymouth gin, $10 postpaid; write if interested in joining a whisky bottle collecting club. H. Lowery, IAM Local 749, 76S TV. Maitland St., Ontario, Calif. 91761. Stereograph slides dated to 1900. in volumes, of all countries, 3,463 slides at 30 cents apiece; -will take $1,000 for all, including viewer. . H. Znm Bmnnen, IAM Local 1546, 5940 Merriewood Dr., Aakland, Calif. 94611. Microscope, 750 power, like new, includes tool kit, $20.

Stamp exchange
J. Moran, IAM Local 971, 4225 45th St., F6, W. Palm Beach, Fla. 33407. Wanted, world-wide stamps and any related articles.

Coin exchange!
W. Zatorski, IAM Local 1746, B t . 1, Jewett City, Conn. 06351. 50 Washington mixed quarters, s and d only, $66; 1955 Franklin BU's halves, $11; 1949-P, $9; 1948, $6; 1953. $4.50: and 19-S Roosevelt dimes. X > too, $20; 50 Mercury dimes, $35. G. Podis, IAM Local 22, 1334 22nd St., N.E., Canton, Ohio 44714. 1885 Liberty head nickel, with "cents," good cond., $50. R. Fortney, IAM Local 1297, 402 W. Main St., Ashland, Ohio 44805. Small Nixon penny, with slogan, packaged, $1, SASE, also $2 U.S. bill, $1 plus SASE.

FuselageFuselage assembly on early models of a new aircraft closely follows blueprints. L to r: E. B. Hovend, C. H. Jackson and T. E. Lankford, Jr.

FabricationC. G. Hilliard and F Autry work on the forward fuselage section thai II carry all the plane's avionics as wella pilot.
****<* t ^

Maintenance-A YF-16 prototype gets an avionics check by A. M. Powell and C. D. Briggs.

Labor backs USA's overseas airlines


The U.S. Senate has approved a bill supported,by the AFL-CIO to protect "from unfair competition U.S. airlines flying overseas routes. It would benefit struggling Pan American, TWA and their employees almost immediately. In urging the measure, Andrew Biemiiler, AFL-CIO legislative director, told Congress that the bill, S. 3481, would: Authorize U.S. retaliation against foreign governments that charge excessive landing fees against U.S. aircraft. Raise the mail rates paid U.S. carriers for transportation of international mail up near those received by the ^foreign carriers. Require that all U.S. govPAGE 4

ernment-financed overseas travel and air freight be ticketed on U.S. airlines. Order the Secretary of Commerce to put on a campaign to encourage travelers to use U.S. airlines for flights to and from the USA. Speaking of the U.S. overseas airline industry, Biemiiler declared: "At a time of general economic instability accented by perilously high unemployment and serious deficits in our balance of payments, the nation can ill afford to lose an industry which employs over 50,000 workers and contributes $4 billion annually to our balance of payments." The companion bill in the House is H.R. 14266.
OCTOBER 17, 1974

* ;

Wing assembly-Right and left wing sections are assembled by J. S. Livingstone, W. T. Wilson, G. W. A. Steele and W. C. Cogburri;

A union wife, Mrs. Dottie Coppock of Sioux City, Iowa, is convinced that the "Union Maid" photos that usually appear in this space have no place in a trade union newspaper. "It may make sense to another young single man, but not to wives and families of your union readers," she writes. To help us brighten up this overly serious publication, she submitted her own picture, explaining: "Let this be the beginning of pictures of workers' wives, husbands and families to whom everyone can relate. Let your readers take pride in your publication by becoming part of it. After all, these girls in skimpy bikinis are not in any way related to unions or union workers." The editor would like to hear from others on this matter. Should we discontinue the time-honored cheese cake?
OCTOBER 17, 1974

DistinctiveThe blending of the YF-16's wings to the body permits a greater and more efficient volume inside for fuel and equipment.




OCTOBER 17, 1974

Orange Julius: it's frothy and refreshing

By Sidney Margoiius
One suggestion that President Ford immediately seized on during the recent "summit meeting" on inflation was the plea by a newspaper business columnist to answer the "unspoken cry of what can I do" among American families. Gratified by the notion of a do-it-yourself inflation program,, the President immediately urged Americans to think up ten ways to fight inflation and , pass the list among neighbors. He even publicized a list sent in by one family which included suggestions like giving the cat just ten seconds to get out of the house before closing the door. But most families are aware themselves of such heat-savers. The real "unspoken cry" is for the government to make more serious plans to figKt inflation. The public already knows more about buying day-old bread and mixing soy granules into meat loaf than do the government advisers who pass out such platitudes under the pretense of doing their job. Since President Ford wants a list of ten suggestions passed around, we suggest this one: 1Write to the President and say you'll try again this winter, and even harder, to conserve commodities and services in short supply, whether the shortages are real or artificial. But you also want the government to try harder to attack the roots of inflation as listed in our other suggestions, and not just pass the buck to the public. 2We realize that high costs of energy, including fuel oil, electricity, gasoline, etc., are a major cause of the current inflation. We will go over our homes again to see where more caulking, insulation and more-, efficient burners can reduce use of fuel. We also will conserve hot water with more coldwater laundering, larger loads, and other measures. But we feel defeated by the additional increases for fuel this winter on top of last year's big hikes. In just'one year, the price of fuel oil has jumped 70% on a national average basis, and in some regions much more. Fuel oil .now costs 36# a gallon on average. It's hard to believe the claims of Treasury Secretary William Simon, whom you've appointed to head your anti-inflation "program," that the oil industry's profits are really not as great as they seem when we know they have jumped 76% this year. While we're trying to keep the cat in the house, the big oil company profits seem to have let the cat out of the bag. 3We'll use our appliances with moderation, and turn out lights. But your Administration seems to believe only in rationinig by price. When we do use less electricity, the utility companies then ask for rate increases to compensate for their reduced sales, and your Mr. Simon then urges state utility commissions to approve such increases. 4We're willing to drive less. But we want the government to consider limiting the weight of cars to eliminate the gas guzzlers, or put an extra tax on weight and horsepower. 5We'll try to select the more economical air conditioners, refrigerators, water heaters, ranges and washing machines. But, except for air conditioners, we don't really have data on comparative energy consumption of various models. Congress can help by enacting proposed legislation requiring that appliances be labeled with facts on comparative energy consumption. 6-Medical costs have been going up in recent months at a rate 36% greater than the overall cost of living. Further, your own experts have warned that hospital charges are rising at an annual rate of 18% and doctors' fees seem likely to go up 19% by next spring. We can't do much to fight this form of inflation except avoid using hospitals unnecessarily and usually that's really not our decision. We also can, where available, try to arrange for full-service hospital and doctor-bill insurance instead of indemnity insurance which reimburses only stipulated amounts. But the real need is for your leadership in encouraging economies in the delivery of health care. Available methods include HMO's (Health Maintenance Orga-^ nizations), group care facilities, more paraprofessional personnel. 7We recognize that finance charges for car loans and other needs are the highest in our generation. We will cut down on borrowing both to restrain our own living costs and help alleviate the general pressure on interest rates. But we also know that only the government can moderate the general level of interest rates, which add to the cost of everything we buy. 8We'll look for all the cheap foods we can. But it's becoming harder and harder to find lower-cost alternatives. Higher tags on grain and plant foods have become a problem of their own. The price of rice,has approximately doubled in the- past year. Other meat substitutes and extenders, such as beans, spaghetti and bread also have jumped. We also think the government should start a public investigation of the inordinate price jumps on some commodities such as sugar. 9We've demonstrated our willingness to cut down on meat. But it would help for you to encourage the Agriculture Department to revise its present grading system to encourage production of more grass-fed rather than grain-fed cattle. 10Exorbitant mortgage rates of 9-10% have become a serious problem affecting renters as "well as home buyers. Landlords must pass on these costs. No self-help ideas from ordinary families can solve this problem. We ask that credit be allocated for home mortgages, rather than less-urgent commercial and recreational enterprises and that the Veterans Administration be directed to use its insurance reserves to provide direct loans for veterans. If you think fresh orange juice is a treat, you may doubly enjoy Orange Julius. That's orange juice with some goodies added. These drinks are being sold all across the country' and Mrs. Rita Spiteri, of Millbrae, Calif., wrote to ask how they are made. Here's the recipe used in Chicago, from Mrs. Lawrence Lynn, of Forest Park, HI. She writes: "All along State Street you see Orange Julius cups. Up and down the streets the small restaurants advertise them. Really popular here!"
Orange Julias
16 OK. fresh orange juice 1 cup water -" % cup sugar 1 tbsp. vanilla About 10 ice cubes

Put them all into a blender and mix thoroughly. A second recipe, sent by several other readers, adds a few ingredients. Here it is:
1 1 2 2 cup sweetened orange juice cup crushed ice tbsp. instant non-fat dry milk tbsp. powdered egg white

Combine frothy.




Recipe wanted: Mrs. Patricia White, of Lake Hughes, Calif., would like a recipe for a Harvey Wallbanger cake. Write Lunch Box, 909 Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20036.

Kitty Calipers' latest pattern

Those of us still fortunate enough to be able to travel or take vacations in these inflationary times often run into the

problem of having reservations cancelled, or not honored. If this happens, what legal recourse, if any, do you have?


People with time and money often become entangled in legal disputes and emerge with rulings that protect all of us. That's what happened when a vacationing couple flew to Hawaii a couple of years ago. They made reservations through a large, well-known travel agency, paying for their package before departure. They were booked at one of Honolulu's finest beach hotels. They were told they had no rooms, but would be accommodated at a small, nearby hostelry. They had the desire and the resources to hire a local lawyer and file suit for damages in the Hawaii courts. Their lawyer discovered that the luxurious hotel had made a practice of overbooking day after day and referring the' overflow to the same small hotel which, in turn, passed on a referral fee. This made it a profitable business for the big hotel and an incentive to keep up the practice. The couple asked for punitive damages in a large amount to punish the defendant hotel. The judge refused to allow punitive damages, but he did tell a local jury that it could award money for "emotional distress" and "disappointment." The jury


ordered the hotel to pay $600 in damages, but the mainland couple wanted more. They appealed to the Supreme Court of Hawaii to try to win punitive damages. The Court approved damages for emotional distress and disappointment. One judge even added his own expression of outrage at what the hotel had done. But the Court did not allow punitive damages. Airplane cases have come up along with hotel issues. If you have a plane reservation, or preferably a ticket, and get bumped off your flight, courts have begun to react in the passenger's favor. The consumer advocate, Ralph Nader, recently won such a case. The same kind of judicial reasoning might apply to other things you purchase, or order. Your awareness in this area and a willingness to talk to a lawyer about your own specific facts, if they should arise, may be the start toward better protection. Courts have been allowing damages for "humiliation" and "outrage," which offers opportunity for winning enough to make a lawsuit worthwhile. Cases like that of the frustrated Hawaiian vacationers are helpful in breaking down old rules of the past that favored the merchant against the public.

9 1 9 2 10/2-18/2 Sleek and easy are the seamedto-slim pantsuit and dress. You literally zip them up. Pattern 9192: Half sizes UVz, 14i/i, 16VS, 18Vi.' Size 14Vi (bust 37) takes IVi yards of 60-inch fabric. Send 75 cents to Kitty Calipers, Pattern Dept., 232 W. 18th St., New York, N.Y. 10011. Add 25 cents .for first-class jnail and special handling.

OCTOBER 17, 1 9 7 4



For SaleAutomotive 1967 PORSCHE 911 COUPE, rebuilt 11 ACRES, all pine trees, paved-road, located in Janesville, Calif.; $18,500, engine, 5-speed, elec. sunroof, mags, one-third down, balance at 9%. M. AM-FM-SW, Nardi' wheel, special Callahan, IAM Local 665. 126 N. Murlighting, ski rack, chains; $4,500. B. Wright, IAM Local 1518, 1815 Cle- phy. Sunnyvale. Calif. 94086. ment. Alameda, Calif. 94501. 12' X 60' MOBILE .HOME, washer. 2bedrms.. 1H baths, I C C x 22' screened ' Any IAM member can adporch and patio. 2 sheds, nice lawn, For SaleBooks vertise tools or other personal many plants. $6,600. L. Leibrock, IAM Local 727, 204041 Soledad Cyn property. Ads cannot be accepted AVIATION ENGINES, by Lt. Victor 126, Canyon Country. Calif. 91351. Page, good cond., pub. 1918; best for rentals, personal services or offer. D. Dyrendahl, IAM Local 737, LOT NO. 68, in Xhunderbird Hills, sidelines, or firearms and am815 122nd Ave., N.B., Minneapolis, nternsfconad Unit No. 2, south of Satford, Graham Minn. 55433. County, Ariz.; $2,750. J. Wilson, IAM munition. Local 1546, 10314 Audrey Dr.. Sun 1963 AMC MECHANICAL SERVICE City, Ariz. 85351. MANUAL, $4 plus postage; one Alli Print or type wording on ance antenna rotor, new. $10. A. 3-BEDRM. HOUSE, brick, fireplace, a separate sheet of paper in Bakalar, IAM Local 584, 2024 W. 98th ex. cond., drapes & carpeting; large St.. Cleveland, Ohio 44102. presented to 2-car garage; close to schools and $25,500. J. Zdun, IAM BOOKS, $1; paperbacks. 50 cents: 1961 transportation: 30 words or less Local 1288. 8066 Hartwell, Detroit, 1 Shclftachirixst 4^ M*m/ .%t^.| and 1962 National Geographies, $1 Mich. 48228. each, send SASE for list. G. Parrish, r outst&ndinq i including your name, complete IAM Local 289, 1009 Amherst Ave., LOT, near Valparaiso, Ind., at Lake iheftdd of Wxw joarnidism in Wenatchee, Wash. 98801. Eliza, recreation area, 150 x 80 ft.; address and lodge number. Send the categorq eF $2,500 or terms, or cash offer; 2 1932-1955 LASALLE CADILLAC CATAad with the mailing label from Excellence blocks from lake. % block from LOGUES, complete parts, shop catacountry road. A. Vitko, IAM Local the front of this paper. Qtoop J*1a logue, hardbound, assembly through 39, Rt. 4, Pioneer Trail, Mountain disassembly, cut-aways; weight 15 Home. Ark. 72653. Allow three to four weeks lbs.; $75, you pay postage; SASE. M. Nichols, IAM Local 254, 4213 Com- 12 x 60 MOBILE HOME and small 1between the posting of letters bedrm. house on 5 acres, with mamerce Dr., W. Des Moines, Iowa chine shop in two-car garage; $40,and receipt of your ad by our 50265. 000. M. Olsen. IAM Local 279. Box readers. We recommend you set ELECTRONICS DESIGNS GOLD 1131. McGill. Nev. 89318. --> ~*ss^ zzz***^.**"- v ^ s ^ s S J S ^ ZJZ~^?Z*~Z v BOOK, vols. 1, 2 and 3, 1974-75, masa price in your ad. %&&&%. Mications o f Calendar 19T3. ter catalogue and directory; new SUBURBAN 2-BEDRM. HOUSE, living room, kitchen, dining area, bath, value $40, sell for $10. R. Hathaway, Address all ads to: Swap IAM Local 1590, 70 Phillips St., Rut- utility room, carport, shop bldg.; 1% acre, fruit, berries; paved road land. Vt. 05701. Shop, 909 Machinists Bldg., near; $16,000. J. Jeffrey. IAM Local FACTS AND FICTION BOOKS, priced Washington, D.C. 20036. N o ad 1042, St. Rt. 2, Box 5A, Deming, from $1.50 up; many out of print; N.M. 88030. will be published unless the write for what you want. R. Asaro, IAM Local 645, RD 1, Newport. N.T. SALTON SEA LOT, in Calif., one mailing label is enclosed. block from waterfront, lights, water, 13416. sewer hook-up; next to state park; LEICA MANUAL, 14th edition, by $4,000. D. Tesmer, IAM Local 751, Morgan and Lester; also, volume For SaleTools 854 Dayton Ave., N.E.. Renton, 19, No. 9, of the Camera Craftsman. Wash. 98055. 2 KENNEDY TOOL BOXES, 2 12-in. B. Herzoff, IAM Local 777, 3929 2-BEDRM. HOUSE, concrete block, Starrett scales, 1 18-in. scale with Manorwood Dr., St. Louis. Mo. 63125. carport, utility room, well, lake, 1square and protractor; scales, 2-in. yr-old, large lot; $17,500, terms; to 6-in.; 3 dial indicators; inside For SaleMiscellaneous south of Brookville, Fla. W. Owens, mics, 1-in. to 12-in., two heads; outIAM Local 837. Rt. 5, Box 819N, side mics, 1-in. to 6-in.; more; $350. POLAROID CAMERA, electric eye. Brookville. Fla. 33512. J. Carnes, IAM Local 31, 3023 Sierra model' 900, flash attachments and St., Los Angeles. Calif. 90031." carrying case; $85 or offer, plus mail- FLORIDA LOT, Port Charlotte, 80 x 125 ft., built-up section, large trees; ing charges. V. Bushek, IAM Local For SaleAutomotive near reception center, block from 66. 412 Cherry St., S. Daytona, Fla. For t h e fifth time i n recent years, T H E water; $4,500. L. Hemenway, IAM 32019. ANTIQUE CAR PAKTS, 1916-59: 'T Local 701, Box 8, Topock, Ariz. MACHINIST received t h e first award among and 'A' Ford, Mercury, Chevrolet GEOGRAPHIC GLOBE, with geometer, 86436. $25. A. Parson, IAM Local 727, Star and others, used pistons, many trade union papers for "General Editorial ExDUPLEX, 2 bedrms. each unit, full Rt. 1, Box 32, Inyokern, Calif. 93527. kinds, three contact point light bulbs basement, parking in basement, cen(new); state needs. B. Frens. 1AM DUCK HUNTING BOAT, Barnegat cellence." Here's what this year's judges said tral heating, large yard; walk- to Local 1418. 229 W. 19th St., Holland, bay type, $150 or trade; plasti-duck Navy yard in Bremerton, Wash. P. about your paper: Mich. 49423. mallard decoys, $$1.50 each. P. AlliBirmingham, IAM Local 297, 1417 son, IAM Local 1351. 224 S. 132nd Burnwell, Bremerton. Wash. 98310. 1972 TBAVEL TBAXLEB, selfconSt., Seattle. Wash. 98168.' tained, 27-ft., air cond., twin bed, 14 x 70 MOBILE HOME for sale, will "The IAM's compact weekly was the judges' shower, TV aerial, heater, gas, elec. AUTO. TELEPHONE DIALER to con- trade $5,000 equity invested for propfrig.; like new; used five times; erty in southern Calif.; located in choice to repeat its win of 1973. I t is a n imnect with fire station and burglar $3,500.. R. Swanson. IAM Local 2063, nice park; $55 per mo. space rent; alarm; cost $300, will sell for $200. Galesburg, 111. 61401. beautiful 1974 model, 2 beds, fire- pressive package of good news selection, conK. Tangri, IAM Local 49, 162 N. place. N. Cotnoir, IAM Local 311, 1969 HONDA 300, many extras, needs State St., Chicago, 111. 60601. No. 14 Fleetwood, Carson City. Nev. cise writing, timely pictures a n d cartoons, little work, $300 (will trade for VW) ; METAL DETECTOR, White's coin89701. will trade 1940 ,Ford ooupe.for 193Or master IV, with waterproof head; INCOME PROPERTY, $340 per mo.; skillful balance and smooth style. 32 Ford coupe body. I. W. Brown, ex. cond. B. Joyce, IAM Local 837, IAM Local 480, Rt. 4, Box 310, RR apts. furnished, 2 lots, rented year 1. Brighton. HI. 62102. Kingston, Tenn. 37763. round; 3 miles from SIU campus, 10 "Heads a r e punchy, paragraphs short, ediTHEATRE PIPE ORGAN, Tellersmins. from Crab Orchard Park, UniSHOCK ABSORBERS for a Model 'T' Kent, 8 ranks, best offer over $1,800, versity Mall and Beach; $18,000, fur- torials explicit a n d timely, columns helpful Ford by Van Briggle, patented 1919; will consider for trade on an electric nished. J. Brayfield. IAM Local 554, make offer, postage. C. Bowman, iano; write for specs, on organ. G. RR 2, Carbondale. 111. 62901. IAM Local 822, 824 S. 18th St., Hobby Exchange, t h e Swap Shop and other tinehelfer. IAM Local 90, Box 11, Quincy, 111. 62301. 1969 CONDOR MOBILE HOME, 14,000 Sparta. Ohio 43350. time-tested standbys. B u t union newslocal, actual miles, 27-ft., ex. cond., 5,000PLYMOUTH ENGINE, 383 CU. in. generator, 2 air cond. units, Commando, ex. cond., $50; heavy ACCORDION, by Bell Custom. 4 and watt regional, national, and AFL-CIOis t h e core loaded with extras; $10,000. D. Shep5 sets, hand-made reeds, 13 treble duty trans, for same, $20. C. Bird, herd, IAM Local 727, 3157 E. Ave. I, and 6 bass switches, built-in pickIAM Local 1423, RD 1, Weatherly, ingredient, artfully served u p . " Lancaster. Calif. 93534. ups; $350. J. Pelton, IAM Local 1623, Pa. 18255. RR 2, Box 188A, Fulton. III. 61252. l-ACRE LOTS, residential, in Albu1928 MODEL A FORD rumbteseat querque, N.M., Rio Rancho, corner If you find useful reading in T H E MACHINcoupe, beautifully restored; make IHAIN HOIST, 1-ton, Yale A-l; %- lot 21, block 53. mid-block lot 16, ton, Yale' A-l: $35. J. Jakubowski, " offer. D. Haster, IAM Local 1426, block 54. in unit 4. each $4,000. C. IST, w h y n o t give subscriptions to relatives, IAM Local 1669. 110 8th St., York4330 Polk St., Sioux City. Iowa 51108. Wolff, IAM Local 2025, 1135 W. vine. N.Y. 13495. Florence Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. friends or neighbors. I t ' s one gift that hasn't 1948 CHEVROLET 1%-ton flatbed truck. 15,600 original miles; also, PEACH COLORED TABLE CLOTH, 90044. 1950 Buick Super, 52,000 orig. miles, 72 X 90, and 8 napkins. 22 x 22; made CEMETERY LOT, 4 graves. Clover gone u p in priceyet. %l Dynaflow, radio, tinted glass, $850. in Ireland; $50. H. Carpenter, IAM Leak Park Cemetery, Rt. U.S. 1, D. Bernardi, IAM Local 2063. 191 " V S T . Local 236, 411 S. 4th St., Aurora. HI. Woodbridge, N.J.; valued at $1,000, Tomkins St., Galesburg, 111. 61401. 60505. We'll send gift cards i n your name. Use the | j > i $600. A. Mason, IAM Local 304, 216 N. Federal Hwy.. Lake Worth, Fla. handy order form below. 1967 CAMARO. 440 cu. in., 4-speed, 12- ANTIQUE BEDSPREAD, full size, w / [%,|{ 33460. in. slicks, 5:13 gear, balanced by Bird of Paradise design: worth $100, Motor Sport Research. E. Jirik, IAM sell for $50. W. Partington. IAM Lo- ATTENTION FISHERMEN, 2 LOTS, r-iwi Local 113, 4142 N. Pontiac Ave., Chi- cal 701, 755 Glencoe Dr., San Diego, near St. John River and Palatka, cago. 111. 60634. Calif. 92114. bass capital of Florida; equity and THE MACHINIST assume $5,800 loan for both. M. Sey909 Machinists Bldg., more, IAM Local 1650, 108 N.E. 72nd Terr.. Gladstone, Mo. 64118. Washington, D.C. 20036 UNION SHOP The mailing label on the front page of this paper entitles any IAM member to advertise in these columns without charge.

Rules for submitting ads

gifts cost more unless you give subscriptions to THE MACHINIST

It's still $4 and worth it

"All right, I'll admit I was wrong if you'll admit I was right!"

Wanted RETIREMENT HOME, beautiful desert setting in Mesa, Ariz.. 2-bedroom mobile home on large corner lot; $14,000 full price. R. Bullard, IAM Local 1781. 315 Stoneford Dr., Vacaville. Calif. 95688. 1941 HOLLYWOOD GRAHAM wanted, 4-dr. sedan, body ex. cond., prefer stock; send photos, state price. D. Gibson, IAM Local 727, 151 Ave. Q-6 East. Palmdale. Calif. 93550. HOUSE IN FLORIDA wanted, with living rm., dining, kitchen, 1% baths, 2-3 bedrms., utility room, garage; reasonably priced; near bowling and shopping center. L. Sutton, IAM Local 2066, 1900 Brentwood Ct., Albuquerque, N.M. 87112. 1956 B & G CHRISTMAS PLATE wanted. L. Horwedel, IAM Local 737, 7208 Cartisian Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 55428. 1966 SERVICE MANUAL, FORD MUSTANG wanted. S. Van Doren, IAM Local 1916. 8116 W. Glen Ave., Milwaukee. Wis. 53218. REPAIR MANUAL wanted for early 1955 and 1956 GMC %-ton longbed, 8-ft. truck, hydramatic or manual, that includes this truck; state condition, will pay postage and handling. E. Schulze, IAM Local 751, Rt. 1. Box 475. Vashon, Wash. 98070. THREE HINGES for old wooden ice box wanted, state Drice. C. Nvstrom, IAM Local 702, 3174 N.W. 29th St., Miami. Fla, 33142. 1929 MODEL A PICK-UP SUN VISOR wanted, closed cab: Bob Wills albums, "The Great Bob Wills," Harmony HL-7345 and "The Best of Bob Wills." HL-7304. J. Brennan, IAM Loral 850 137 N. Shepard. El Reno, Okla. 73036. CITIZEN BAND RADIOS wanted, all makes: state price and cond. A. Hill, IAM Local 1484. 239 W. 234th St., Carson, Calif. 90745.

Here is $ for gift subscriptions to the world's most useful newspaper, THE MACHINIST, at $4 for the first one-year subscription, $3 for each additional one. Please send gift cards to: NAME .. STREET CITY NAME STREET CITY NAME ... STREET CITY STATE to General ZIP Secretary-Treasurer STATE ZIP STATE ZIP

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OCTOBER 17, 1 9 7 4


This week we are asking ourselves what it takes to WIN. Everybody, but everybody, wants to WIN. We're all willing to do our part as inflation fighters. We've proven that over and over again. The trouble seems to be that we work at cross purposes so often; we always seem to meet ourselves coming back. The Federal Reserve Board, for example, has been helping us WIN by inflating interest rates. That has increased the cost of almost everything we buy and it's ruined the housing industry. But it's the way the bankers who run the Federal Reserve really WIN. The economists at the White House have some strange ideas on how to WIN. One is to cancel all price controls on oil, which would more than double the price of domestic crude oil. Another is to remove the controls on the price of natural gas at the wellhead. That will nearly double the cost of heating homes with gas furnaces. The President is asking us to WIN by reducing our standard of livingbuying less, eating less, using less, traveling less and turning out the lights. That reduces demand and that's the way to WIN. But the President is also supporting the Foreign Trade Bill in Congress which is intended to increase our exports. Increasing the volume of exports will reduce our supplies but it's part of the President's plan to WEST. Just last week, the leader of the Polish Communist Party flew to Washington, D.C., to announce at the National Press Club that his country .wants to buy $1.5 billion in U.S. industrial plants, equipment and technological know-how during the next few years. That's what our policy of peaceful co-existencedetente, if you preferis all about. Our government encourages sales to any and every country including Poland. Our Export-Import Bank will subsidize those sales to Poland with long-term low-interest loans. If the Polish government should default, our government guarantees to pay up their loans. Poland, of course, plans to pay for those factories and their equipment by exporting part of their products to sell in the USA and elsewhere in competition with U.S.-made goods. The corporations that special subsidiaries under (DISC). That way 50% exempt from the income

Life saver?

Dusts from grinding

to lessen the burden, on the heart. You will then be better able to cope with whatever stage of emphysema or lung impairment you may have. As. you say, if you had known that the dust could do this to your lungs, you would have insisted years ago on the dust control or done something else. The problem is that many small grinding shops did not have dust collecting equipment. When they did, it was not checked out over the years for effectiveness. From your description, some dust was captured, but the dust came off into the air and accumulated all over the work place and the floor at every place you worked. I have gone over your complete work history for 30 years. I believe that .you could have sustained lung damage and emphysema, as a consequence of the many years of inhaling mixed dusts.' Whether or not' you have sustained such lung changes can only be determined by the breathing-lung function tests and other examinations. You have used diamond and silicon carbide (carborundum) tools on your grinding wheels. Although this dust has been called a, nuisance dust, workers have developed fibrosis of lungs and emphysema. It is highly possible that the long-term effects of such dusts and other mixed dusts needs a medical re-evaluation, that they may be more harmful than has been recognized before.

(alveoli) of the lung which contains the air you breathe. The function of the air sacs to exhale (blow out) the air, is impaired in emphysema because the capacity and elasticity of the walls of the air sacs have been damaged. Sure, we all want to WIN. We just hope that our sacrifices The clinical evaluation of whether you have aren't going to make it easier for the Poles or the Russians or emphysema can be readily determined from a the Arabs or the Chinese or somebody else to increase their in- combination of breathing lung function tests, dustrial capacityand their standard of livingat our expense. physical examination and work history. The first physician who said you had a form of That couldn't be called winning. emphysema, had given you a breathing test which was done at rest and repeated with exercise. This is the recommended procedure for medical evaluation. Consequently, I feel he was right. Any difWe owe a belated apology to Paul Hutchings, research direc- ference of medical interpretation which still exists can easily be resolved, by your examination by tor of the AFL-CIO Metal Trades Department, who is very much another physician who. knows lung diseases. among the living. In reporting the appointment of Reginald statement that you can't blow out a match Newell as the new IAM Research Director, we identified Hutch- or Your candle is a very common expression of a person ings as the first to hold that office. Inadvertently we confused suffering from emphysema. The tiny air sacs have him with the late William Hushings, one-time legislative rep of lost their normal ability to compress out, to exhale, the air from the lungs. The symptoms you describe the old AFL. of gasping for breath, of breathing hard after the slightest exertioneven when walking on a level street after a few blocksare indicative of emphysema. This is particularly true since they tested your heart and said you were perfectly all right. The official weekly newspaper f the

make the sales to Poland can set up By Dr. Thomas F. Maneuso the Domestic International Sales Corp. An IAM member from Colorado writes: of their profits on export sales will be tax. "I have been employed as a tool and cotter grinder for thirty years, and am still doing so. My breathing If any U.S. manufacturers go into partnership on factories with is bad and after a recent breathing test, I was told the Communist government of Poland, our Overseas Private In- by one doctor that I have a form of emphysema, but another doctor said it was due to my being oversurance Corp. will guarantee them against loss should their propweight. I wonder is there any test which can definitely erty, be seized by the Communists, if there is a revolution or if show whether I have the onset of emphysema? Emphysema is the medical term to describe the the Polish government stops it from taking its "profits out of over-distension, over-stretching of the air sacs Poland. There is no restriction on exporting capital from the USA.

Finally, as long as those U.S. corporations don't bring home their overseas profits to invest in the USA, they won't have to pay any income tax on them under our crazy tax law.


The Machinist

International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers

Affiliated wiih AFL-CiO and CLC Machinists Building. 1300 Connecticut Aw.. Washington. D.C. 20036 Gordon H. Cola, Editor Associates: Jane Stokes. Dean Rath Robert J . Koloski. Jerry L. Rollings ' Art Editor: Victor Vasal .

Published weekly except for the weeks of New Tear's, Independence Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. Mailed to every member of the International- Association of Machinists in accordance with 'convention and referendum action. Subscription price to non-members, $4 per year. Back copies, 20 cents each. Printed in the USA

You are 185 lbs., 5 ft. 7 in. There are many men that can do a lot of walking with that weight, and they don't gasp for breath after two to three blocks. Furthermore, men who are overw.eight with normal lungs, can easily blow out a match or candle. Your weight is important for another reason. The strain on your heart must be avoided. Excess weight in itself places a strain on the heart and may increase the blood pressure. When you go through those gasping spells, this causes an additional strain on, the heart. You must lose weight

Sign in a laundry window: "We do not tear your laundry with machinery. We do it carefully by hand." k Apprentice: "What's black and white and red all over?" Long-suffering journeyman: "Okay, what?" Apprentice: "A zebra with a sunburn." This week's brain twister: Jim is four years younger than his brother Bill, but in five years Bill will be twice as old as Jim is now.. What are their present ages? (Answer on page 2.)


Published by International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers



You Can Only W I N At the Ballot Box

1 I 1 . . -'

To All I AM Members in the USA

President Ford has asked all of us to join a "great citizens mobilization" against inflation. Like all good Americans, union members want to do everything they can for their President and for the good of their country. Unfortunately, what President Ford offers is not leadership in solving the basic problems that have caused double digit inflation but a potion of political pablum. He tells us to balance our family budgets. He does not say how millions of families whose budgets are already stretched to the breaking point can do so without further cutting back on such minimum necessities as food, clothing, shelter and heat. He tells us to turn off our lights and turn down our thermostats. He does not mention that the less energy we use the more the utility companies charge us for it. He tells us to shop for bargains. He does not say how such bargains are to be found as long as monopolistic corporations have the power to keep on raising prices even when demand falls. He tells us to go out and grow our own vegetables. He does not say how that can be done by the millions of families who live in apartment houses and trailer courts. He tells us to try not to get sick. He does not tell us that he will drop his opposition to national health security legislation so that Americans can get the kind of preventive care that citizens already receive in every other industrialized nation. He also does not tell us he is ready to stop the slaughter and mayhem of job-related accidents and disease by giving the Occupational Safety and Health Act more than token enforcement. He tells us to clean our plates. He does not mention that millions of Americans cannot afford to fill up their plates. He does not tell us, for example, that at the same conference at which the chairman of his Council of Economic Advisers said that the worst victims of inflation are brokers on Wall Street, it was reported that the only decent meal many children get each day is the one they get at schoolwhile the only meal thousands of old people get is noon lunch served at senior citizens' centers. He tells us to reduce our gas consumption by 10%. He does not suggest how working people are supposed to get to and from their jobs in the vast number of urban centers where long-term government neglect has resulted in almost total extinction of good mass transit. He recommends a 5% surcharge on corporate profits, as well as on individual incomes over $7,500 and families over $15,000. He does not mention that because of tax loopholes oil companies, on the average, paid but 5.5% in taxes last year and a 5% surcharge will raise their taxes to but 5.7% this year. He also doesn't say how a 5% surcharge is going to add to the tax of millionaires who pay no taxes at all. The plain and simple truth is that Mr. Ford's WIN plan is little more than Madison Avenue sloganeering. As long as our government refuses to control speculative exports of wheat, corn, soybeans, lumber, cotton, wool and other basic commodities, prices are going to continue to skyrocket in the supermarket. The longer our government delays in setting up another Manhattan Project to find alternative sources of energyjust as the first Manhattan Project found the secret of the atomic bomb America's price structure will be at the mercy of shieks and shahs on the Persian Gulf. As long as Mr. Ford doesn't know the difference between talk and action he'll never recognize the difference between WIN and WIND. As long as that is so, cleaning out the kind of politicians who cater to the commodity speculators is more important than cleaning up our plates. Turning thumbs down on candidates who serve the interests of the big oil corporations is more important than turning down our lights. Mr. Ford is stumping the country saying he fears legislative dictation if union endorsed candidates are elected next month. Working people should fear more price increases and more layoffs unless labor's friends are elected. The only way union members can really win is at the ballot box on November 5. Sincerely and fraternally,

Floyd E. Smith International President .ff THE MACHINIST IS Read by More than 3,500,000 in All of the 50 States, Puerto Rico, and the Canal Zone



OCTOBER 24, 1974

Union at Work
$1.36 raise at Manchester, Pa.
Members of I AM Local 243, York, Pa., employed at the Maple Press Co., Manchester, Pa., recently ratified a contract that will raise workers' hourly wages $1.36 over two years. Edward Clinch, directing rep for District 98, reports that top wages for journeymen will increase from $5.35 to $6.09.
Machinist Photo


He reports that the medical insurance package will raise major medical coverage from $10,000 to $15,000; pay the full cost of semi-private hospital room and increase surgical benefits from $400 to $700. Benefits for maternity and outpatient care were also raised. In addition, life insurance was increased from $5,000 to $7,500 and accidental death and dismemberment went from $10,000 to $15,000.

NARF workers at Jacksonville win IAM

These are some of the members of the local gaining unit had been represented by NAGE organizing committee at the U.S. Naval Air Re- since 1970. - ,_work Facility, Jacksonville, Fla., who helped Spencer credits the local organizers with the workers at the big aircraft maintenance facility win. They are, kneeling, 1 to r, in the photo, win the IAM in a recent election. R. Jarrett, L. McDonald, and P. Norris. StandIAM Vice President Roe Spencer of Dallas, ing, 1 to r, B. Red, T. Finney, J. Woodland, J. Tex., reports that workers had the choice of the Butler, F. Williams, E. Westerville, W. Wallace' IAM, the independent National Association of and Grand Lodge Rep. Cecil Gill. Other Grand Government Employees (NAGE), or no union. Lodge Reps, who assisted the local committee, but They voted 695 for the IAM, 562 for NAGE and were not present for the photo, were Mack 88 for no union. The 1,707'workers in the bar- Queen, Peter Petrone, John Meese, and Ray Cox.

Air South mechanics join us

Thirteen mechanics on Air South, a southern commuter airline, recently won the IAM in a Mediation Board election. The vote was 11 to 2, Grand Lodge Rep. Bill Schenck reports. Air South flies out of Atlanta, Ga., serving the Georgia and South Carolina coastal areas. Bargaining for a first contract is starting.

Keys are wages, pensions

Aerospace talks in critical stage


Bargaining was not as active Members of IAM District 727 Negotiations for more than 100,000 IAM aerospace work- at Lockheed plants in Burbank at McDonnell Douglas. Simpson ers are at the critical stages. and Palmdale, Calif., and mem- explains that negotiators were IAM Vice President R o b e r t bers of District 508 at Lock- meeting daily but had not yet Simpson of Los Angeles, the heed's Missile plant-at-Sunnyvale received an economic proposal union's aerospace chairman, re- _ were scheduled to vote on a pro- from management. UAW negoports that IAM negotiators at posal last Sunday. A vote to re- tiators at Douglas were in the Lockheed-California plants served ject would be followed imme- same situation, without an ecothe corporation with five-day diately by a vote to strike nomic proposal. notices of contract termination Lockheed at midnight, Oct. 20. In East Hartford, Conn., last week. Negotiators at McDon- Members of IAM Local 709, Grand Lodge Rep. Justin Ostrq nell Douglas' California plants Marietta, Ga., were scheduling reports that union and managewere expecting to file the seven- their votes for early this week. ment negotiators at United Airday termination notices required Simpson called the Lockheed craft Corp. have held two weekly by their contracts this week. negotiations "active." Last week's meetings. Beginning this week, meetings went around the clock IAM-UAC negotiations were to IAM contracts at both corpora- with Federal mediators sit- begin a twice-weekly schedule, tions have already expired ting four at the table. with IAM; negotiators continuing Lockheed on Oct. 1, Douglas last Simpson adds bargaining to present union proposals. Machinist Photo that the negotiaSept. 15. They have been ex- tions centered on an updated, on a day-to-day basis as Elsewhere in aerospace indus$7,000 for Chicago tool & die maker tended cost-of-living escalator long as good-faith bargaining unlimited try, UAW negotiators have susbacking up regular wage increases Victor Grabowski, left, IAM Local 113, Chicago, 111., receives continued. Union members have and substantial improvements in pended negotiations at Rockwell International in Los Angeles. a check for $7,000 in back pay after winning back his job at the stayed on the job at all plants. pensions. Mass membership meetings Dryco Manufacturing Co. had been scheduled on Oct. 13 Answer, to brain twister: Five. Grabowski, a journeyman tool & diemaker, was the victim of a at both Lockheed and McDonThey are: 3P, 4H; 4H; 3P; 1H, 3P, 3H; 2H, 3P, 2H; 3H, 3P, costly misunderstanding. Jack Powell, right, union rep for Local nell Douglas. But the meetings 113, explains that Grabowski, the tool room steward, was told not were postponed when no com- Los Angeles, Calif.36 jour- 1H. pany offers were received. Last to return to work after a company official claimed that he heard week, Lockheed made two pro- neyman diesel mechanics needed. Grabowski say he was quitting. posals. IAM negotiators were Contact: H. Hughes, Chairman, presenting a final counterproposal IAM Local 620, 2433V4 N. Local 113 pressed the case to arbitration on the grounds that as this issue of THE MACHINIST Broadway, Los Angeles, Calif. Grabowski had been unjustly discharged. Management claimed went to press. 90031. that even if he had been discharged, it was for a just cause.

The arbitrator ordered the company to make whole Grabowski's losses and to reinstate him without loss of his seniority.

International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers

International President
FLOYD E. SMITH 1005 Machinists' Bldg. Washington, D.C. 20036 General Secretary-Treasurer EUGENE D. GLOVEB 709 Machinists' Bldg. Washington, D.C. 20036

General Vice Presidents WM. W. WINFISINGEB ROBERT R. SIMPSON MIKE KYGUS Suite 3 Bm. 302, 80 AT gyle Ave. 1005 Machinists' Bldg. 4320 Atlantic Ave. Washington, D.C. 20036 Ottawa, Ont., Canada Lang Beach, Calif. 90807 TOM DUCY FEED J. PURCELL FBANCIS P. MEAGHEK 50 West Oakton St. Suite 189 Suite 200 1200 112th Ave. N.B. Des Plaines, III. 60018 6500 Pearl Road Bellevue, Wash. 9800'f Cleveland, Ohio H130 BOE SPENCER JOHN PETEBPATJIi SAL IACCIO Suite 346, Empire Center 814 Machinists' Bldg. Suits 231,8 8383 Stemmons Fwy. Washington, D.C. 20036 k20 Lexington Ave. Dallas, Tex. 752*7 New York, N.Y. 10017

'- Notices should'be received at least/ ttbo weeks ' prior, to event. Correspondents must give brief necessary facts, i.e., nature and name of event, time, date and place, full names- of persons in charge of other factual data. Address copy to The Machinist, 909 .Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20036. IAM RAILROAD General Chairman's Association, -will meet Nov. 6-7 at the Miyako Hotel, San Francisco, Calif.. B. B. Kidwell. sec.-treas., reports. WEST VIRGINIA State Council of Machinists will meet Nov. 8-10 at the McLure House, Wheeling. C. F. Brua, sec.-treas., reports. MISSOURI State Council of Machinists will meet Nov. 15-16 at the Howard Johnson's Motor Lodge, 2610 N. Glenstone. Springfield. Fred Speckmann. sec.-treas., reports. AUTOMOTIVE Conference will be held Nov. 19-21 at the Diplomat

Hotel, Miami,' Fla.. John Trementozzi, IAM automotive cordinator. reports.

Machinists' Special Schools

Dec. 1-6, Communications and Publications .Institute, for full-time staff and local editors. Labor Studies Center. Washington, D.C. Feb. 9-14, Arbitration Institute, for for full-time staff, Berkeley. Calif. Feb. 23-28, Collective Bargaining, for members of local negotiating committees. Birmingham. Ala. Mar. 9-14, Orientation Institute, for new representatives. IAM Headquarters. Washington, D.C. Mar. 23-28/ Local Lodge Education Methods, for field staff and education chairmen. Urbana. 111. Apr. 20-25, Collective Bargaining, for members of local negotiating committees. Madison, Wis.

Baby Christopher is the 4month-old grandson of Rudolf Lehmann, IAM Local 970, Rochester, N.Y.

Change of address cards on Form 3579 should be sent to Engene Glover, Secretary-Treasurer, International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, 1300 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Wash., D.C. 20036. Published weekly except for weeks of New Year's, Independence Day. Thanksgiving'and Christmas. Second-class postage paid at Washington, D.C. Subscription $4 yearly to non-members.

Kef6 overridden

OCTOBER 24, 1974



RR pension express highballs thru Congress


For the very first time, a motion to override a veto by President Ford was railroaded through Congress last week. Fittingly, the beneficiaries are the nation's railroad workers whose pensions are subject to the Railroad Retirement Act. The motion to override, offered by Sen. William Hathaway (D, Maine), was adopted 72 to 1 in the Senate with Sen. William Scott (R, Va.) the only dissenter. In the House, the motion to override by Rep. Harley Staggers (D, W. Va.) carried impressively, 360 to 12. The new law will save the Railroad Retirement Fund from bankruptcyl It is currently paying .out more in benefits than it is receiving in revenues. The primary reasons for the deficit are the long decline in railroad employment and a legislative decision by Congress years ago which required the Railroad Retirement Fund to pay the cost of socalled dual benefits. Dual -benefits are those paid to workers who have qualified for both a Railroad Retirement and a Social Security benefit by virtue of having worked in both rail and non-rail industries and paid taxes to both funds. Eleven Republicans and one Democratic Congressman voted against the law that will also raise benefits effective Jan. 1, 1975, for most of the 990,000 retired railroad workers and their families who are currently drawing benefits. They were: Omar Burleson (R, Tex.), John Camp (R, Okla.),

C. E. Chamberlin (R, Mich.), Harold Collier (R, 111.), Barry Goldwater, Jr. (R, Calif.), George Goodling (R, Pa.), H. R. Gross (R, Iowa), Charles Gubser (R, Calif.), Craig Hosmer (R, Calif.), John Jarman (D, Okla.), Dave Martin (R, Neb.), and William MinsHall (R, Ohio). In his veto message to Congress, President Ford called the, measure a "heads I win; tails you lose arrangement, with the taxpayer being the loser. . . ." Ford objected to the part of the bill that provides $285 million a year out of general revenues over the next 20 years to pay for phasing out dual benefits. Both the Railway Labor Conference, the bargaining arm of the nation's rail carriers, and 21 railroad unions represented by the Railway Labor Executives Association and the Congress of Railway Unions, defended the bill. In a joint statement, released after Ford's veto, the rail unions and management pointed out: "The Congressional committees (which worked on the bill) clearly were correct in concluding that these vested rights cannot fairly be ignored and that the costs cannot fairly be imposed on the railroads. Therefore, the most reasonable alternative is to pay the cost of phasing out dual benefits through appropriations from the general treasury." "In these circumstances, it~ seems plain that it' is the (Ford) Administrationnot~ the Congress which is out of step and that it is the vetonot the restructured railroad retirement system which 'the bill would enactthat cannot be justified."

Machinist Photo

San Diegans work for Jerry Brown

Edmund G. (Jerry) Brown, Jr., left, Democratic candidate for Governor of California, and Dave Chambers, president of IAM District 50, San Diego, watch "Brown for Governor" demonstrators in San Diego. Chambers is chairman of San Diego County's Labor Committee for Brown, the California Secretary of State. The polls show Brown, 36, well ahead in his race for California's top state office again-t Republican Houston Flournoy, the 45-yearold State Controller. Brown has been endorsed by the California Conference of Machinists and the State AFL-CIO . San Diego IAM members are also working hard to help elect Colleen O'Connor, 29-year-old Democrat, over anti-labor U.S. Rep. Bob Wilson (R), Grand Lodge Rep. H. B. Quick reports. She is an American History instructor at San Diego State University. She used to appear in a water-ballet act with her six sisters. Wilson has been in Congress 22 years.

A t least six on IAM team at Demo charter convention

A team of at least-six IAM delegates will participate in the Democratic Party's National Charter Convention, Dec. 6-8, at Kansas City, Mo. The convention is scheduled to adopt a charter to govern actions of the party, including the selection of delegates to future national conventions. One issue is whether a judicial council to settle disputes over seating of delegates shall be mandatory or at the discretion of the National Committee. Another is whether mid-term conventions, like the,one coming up, shall be required or at the qall of the National Committee. A major question is the/language of an article on individuals' participation in party affairs. IAM President Floyd Smith is the sole labor member of the Democratic National Committee's Executive Council. IAM Obitua,ry members picked as convention delegates include: Rosemary L. Langolf, president, IAM District 158, Port Huron, Mich.; Grand Lodge Rep. Roger Hare of Maine; William Smith of IAM District 86, Denver, Colo., president of the Colorado AFL-CIO; Robert Mendez, union rep for IAM District 8, Chicago, 111.; Robert Runde, union rep for IAM Local 1238, Dubuque, Iowa, and Vernon Pearson, of IAM Local 56, Chattanooga, Tenn. THE MACHINIST will report others who may be selected later.

The New York State Council of Machinists voted unanimously recently to support U.S. Sen. Jacob Javits (R) for reelection and Hugh Carey for governor. The action came at the 59th semi-annual convention of the ; State Council held at Rochester. Joe Solar, Council president and manager of IAM District 15, New York City, reports the 130 delegates endorsed Javits "for his outstanding record in behalf of working people both in New York State and throughout the USA." Delegates reaffirmed their support for Carey, currently a U.S. Congressman, who is running for governor. The New York State Council was among the first trade

union organizations to endorse Carey in the Democratic primary at its spring meeting last April. Javits came to the meeting to thank the delegates for the past support. He pledged to continue working for legislation on behalf of working people, such as the landmark Pension Reform Act, "which he helped write. Carey was also scheduled to address the convention, but a last-minute change in his itinerary precluded his appearance. His 20-year-old son,- Michael, stood in for Carey and addressed the delegates. In other action, the Council passed a resolution condemning the -airlines' so-called Mutual Aid Pact. The resolution urged all IAM locals and.districts through-

out the "state to write their U.S. Senators and Congressmen urging support of legislation outlawing the pact. The resolution noted "that the Mutual Aid Pact encourages airlines not to negotiate in good faith." The resolution cited recent examples, such as the current National Airlines and the previous TWA and Northwest Airlines strikes. Another resolution adopted by the Council provides that all future spring meetings of t h e New York State Council of Machinists be held at Syracuse." Solar reports that the 1975 spring meeting, will be held some time next April.



Employee illegally discharged for garnishment can file suit

A Federal court has ruled that an employee illegally fired after a single garnishment of his pay may file suit for reinstatement, back pay, legal expenses and damages. The 1968 Truth-in-Lending law (the Consumer Protection Act) provides that an employee cannot be fired for just one garnishment and sets criminal penalties for an employer willfully in violation. He can be fined up to $1,000, imprisoned up to a year, or both. The Labor Department is supposed to enforce the law. However, the law did not specifically provide a means for anyone to win reinstatement and be paid for losses.

Senate votes to kill veterans' long weekend

The U.S. Senate has voted to kill off the three-day Veterans' Day weekend. It approved a bill last week to push Veterans' Day back from the fourth Monday in October to the original date, Nov. 11.

William Holayter, national director of the Machinists NonPartisan Political League, this week urged IAM members who won't be home on Election Day, Nov. 5, to apply for absentee ballots. Provisions differ in each state. Check your local election board, Holayter urged.

Paul Hutchings, Research Director

Paul Hutchings, former IAM Research Director and the first president of the Office & Professional Employees International Union (OPEIU) died Oct. 14 of a heart attack in an Arlington, Va., hospital. He was 65. Hutchings came to Hutchinffs the IAM research department in 1937 as associate director of research. He served as Director from 1941 to 1943. At the time of his death, Hutchings was director of research of the AFL-CIO Metal Trades Dept., a post he had held since 1954. An activist in the trade union m o v e m e n t , Milwaukee-born Hutchings was an organizer for the Milwaukee Office Workers Union in the 1930's. Later, he was an organizer for the International Council of Office Employees and served as its secretary-treasurer. His organizing efforts in this area culminated in 1945 when he was elected the first president of OPEIU. He continued to head the union until 1954. In more than 40 years in the trade union movement, Hutchings served in many capacities. He was a member of the AFLCIO committee on A t o m i c Energy & Natural Resources, secretary of the Joint Apprenticeship Committee of the Metal Trades and Building and Construction Departments. He served as a member of the Labor Advisory Board of the NRA in the 1930's.

Nice to be rich
A Rolls Royce for under $900? That's right. The new Hammacher Schlemmer catalogue advertises the classic 1932 Rolls Royce Phantom II coupe for just $895, complete. You can put the 26-inch model over your fireplace. It's niceto be rich.

The recent case decided by the The House hasn't acted on the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals at San Francisco, stemmed measure, so the Senate's action from Travelers Insurance fir- doesn't change anything. The ing John H. Stewart in January, Senate vote was 50 to 4 for the 1971. He was dismissed after a change pushed by veterans' orgasingle garnishment by a creditor. nizations. A lot of S e n a t o r s ducked the issue. The U.S. Labor Department If the House should OK the refused to go to bat for him against the company. So he filed bill after the election, Veterans' suit in U.S. District Court ask- Day wouldn't fall on a weekend ing for reinstatement, back pay, until Friday, Nov. 11, 1977. The Court dismissed Stewart's The IAM and other organizasuit. On appeal, the three Ninth tions in the National Council for Circuit judges held that although Monday Holidays will work to the law does not specifically state persuade the House to pigeonhole it,. Congress intended to protect the bill. Only argument for the employees. Thus, civil suits to re- return to Nov. 11 is the senticapture losses are implied in the mental appeal that Nov. 11 was law. The judges sent Stewart's the date of the signing of the case back to the lower court. Armistice ending World War I,

Drive continuing on Ohio repair shops

The crackdown on auto repair shops is continuing in Ohio. State Atty. Gen. William Brown recently filed suit against 10 auto dealers in Cincinnati, Dayton, Middletown and Toledo. This follows similar action against eight Cleveland area dealers last month. Brown reports the lawsuits charge the dealers with making and charging for unnecessary and unauthorized repairs and making d e f e c t i v e repairs. Some are also charged with failure to return replaced parts to consumers and charging for repairs that were never made. In his suits against the dealers, Brown is asking the courts to establish quality control procedures which would monitor future auto repair work. In Maryland, an auto repair shop owner was arrested recently for failing to comply with a new Prince Georges County law requiring all repair firm owners to become licensed and bonded for $2,000 or close up shop. The new Maryland county law provides that repair shop owners operating without a license are subject to a $1,000 fine and a jail sentence of up to six months. Interlocks Mechanics may soon have their hands full disconnecting the interlock safety belt systems on 1974 and 1975 model cars. Under terms of a bill passed by both the U.S. House and Senate, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is going to have to amend its restraint system standard within 60 days and eliminate the requirement for a continuous buzzer warning system. It provides that buzzer systems may not sound for more than eight seconds. The bill, now awaiting President Ford's signature, carries a stern warning about other safety devices and systems. It provides that mechanics who "render inoperative any other safety device or system" are subject to penalty. A*

Louisville display/ pattern for Bicentejinial

feel we had a great display. We receil national television coverage on the Today show as v| as local recognition. In the IAM display, machinists demc- rated a.tracing mill, a lathe, silk screening of saw bla and filing, saw blades. An antique drill press was orj splay with exhibits from various manufacturers sh<| lg the process IAM members perform to manufacture! final product. A display case was packed with $l,O0Cj )rth of tools of the trade. ....[ In all, 20 trade unions in the Loui e area participated. The Kentucky AFL-CIO and-e Coalition of Trade Union Women "were also represe I. Next year the American Bicentei 1 Commission, working with the AFL-CIO, will help | >romote similar exhibits in five citiesyet to be picked] ley are to serve as regional examples for exhibits whicl ill be promoted in every city in the Bicentennial year of 76. Walter G; Davis, AFL-CIO Educati Director, is the Bicentennial Coordinator for the labor >vement.

< *

Mechanic gives pros a fishing lesson

Grant Heller Photo

Exhibitions like this, showing American skills and American technology, will be the heart of labor's participation in the American Bicentennial Celebration in 1976. Every city will be expected to organize its own exhibition with the cooperation, of both the AFL-CIO Central Body and the local Chamber of Commerce. These IAM displays were part of a pilot program staged over the Labor Day weekend this year at Louisville, Ky. Thousands turned out to see it and the newspapers, TV and radio gave it rave reviews. Richard Conn, Labor Director for the American Revolution Bicentennial Administration, explains that the Bicentennial Celebration is intended, among other things, to remind the nation of the tremendous contribution its workers have made to this nation's development. Haskel Marshall, directing rep for IAM District 27, coordinated the IAM activities in the Louisville celebrat tion. He told THE MACHINIST: "We are'very proud of our union and its skills and we


Harry Johnson, of Lake City, Wash., IAM Local 289, Seattle, shop foreman at the East Side Disposal, has a real fish story to tell for years to come. The 32-pound salmon he holds is his proof. Johnson hooked the Chinook salmon to run away with the $10,000 first prize in the recent $30,000 Seafair P-I S a l m o n Derby. He was also awarded a trophy from the Skipper Fish and Chips Chowder House. The ardent fresh-water angler, who occasionally fishes in salt water, beat all the pros with his catch. He snagged the 32-pounder in the waters off W h i d b y Island just five minutes after the

competition began. After a short battle, the fish was landed. Johnson, who had just purchased a second-hand 14-foot boat and outboard motor for $300, credits his wife with his win. She persuaded him to enter the derby with his boat. Johnson figured it was a good buy at the time. Now he's more convinced than ever. When asked what he was going to do with the money, Johnson mentioned that he was about to retire. "I think I'll put it in the bank." Dolores has different ideas. "I was looking forward to a trip to Las Vegas," she said.

"I u litnist Photos



-r a ft

French SST workers pledged year's severance at full pay

French aerospace workers may be among the first to collect France's new jobless benefits. With orders for new aircraft at a virtual standstill, reports persist that Aerospatiale, France's big state-owned areospace manufacturer, is preparing for a massive layoff. Aerospatiale has been plagued by wildcat strikes and public demonstrations at its big Toulouse plant in anticipation of the layoff of 6,000. The company has insisted that the figure is not accurate, but will not reject the possibility of some layoffs. Heart of the problem is a slump in orders for the A-300 airbus and the Concorde supersonic transport, the p r i m a r y products of the Toulouse plant. Earlier this year, the company cancelled production on its shortrange airliner, the Mercure. Economic uncertainties and the fear of substantial increases in unemployment has caused the French Government, labor and industry to adopt a new jobless benefit plan. Under the plan, a furloughed worker is guaranteed one full year's net pay, if he can't locate comparable employment. Every three months, a labor-management review committee checks each worker's reemployment possibilities. Concorde figuresIf sagging orders are the main problem facing Aerospatiale, last week's announcement on estimated operating costs for the Concorde won't help. Extensive flight tests now indicate that the French-British SST will cost about $10,000 an hour to operate on a typical trans-Atlantic route. That means that the three and one-half hour trip from New York to Paris would be about $35,000. The

- i

Barkley Houchens
(above). Ron Harsh, and Tom Houchlin (right) of IAM Local 681,

Concorde seats 136 passengers. Today's operating costs for a . Boeing 707 average about $1,000 an hour. For the bigger and faster 747, the cost is $2,200 an hour. Aerospatiale estimates that with a $500 air fare to Europe all first class the Concorde could break even with a 65% load. So far, the only firm orders for Concordes are from Great Britain and France, partners in the Concorde project; and from the oil-rich Shah of Iran. With those operating costs and the predictions of continued higher fuel prices, it seems unlikely that Aerospatiale and British Aircraft will be swamped with orders. . Russian woesRussia's need for more American technologies in commercial, aircraft production has shown up again, this time in the Arab world. . Egyptair, Egypt's national airline, has suspended payments and returned eight TU-154 last sumr mer following a long list of continuing technical problems with the planes. The Egyptians admit that the price was right for the TU-154's but complain that the planes are mechanically poor and service is hard to find. Russian hopesRussia's hunt for new technologies will probably pay off" most in the upcoming U.S.-U.S.S.R. space mission next year. A group of union delegates to the recent IAM Electronics and New Technologies Conference in Houston, Tex., recently witnessed some of the preparations for the Russian missions. A visit to the Johnson Space Center outside Houston showed that most of the computer consoles in the mission control center have already been converted to bilingual controls English and Russian.

Hobby exchange
A. Anderson, IAM Local 7S1, 3140 Academy Dr., Auburn, Wash. 98002. 32 poems about pets, politics and piety; send $2 and address to me. T. Mullins, IAM Local 56, 3311 Adkins Bd., Chattanooga, Tenn. 37491. Want to buy old type post cards, old glassware. M. Phillips, IAM Local 536. 5200 46th St., Sacramento. Calif. 95820. Hobbyist wants old non-running wrist and pocket watches, collecting and am learning- to repair. W. Zatorski, IAM Local 1746, Bt. 1, Jewett City, Conn. 06351. Look magazines dated 1938-45, $5. A. Boner, IAM Local 1020, 6185 S. 555 E., Murray. Utah 84107. Wanted genealogy on Frederick Kessler and Mary Lindsay of Crawford and Mercer Counties, Fa., he was a fur trapper.

Coin exchanges
E. Skaritka. IAM Local 1916, P.O. Box 650, Delafield, Wis. 53018. Elongated coins wanted, called rolled out and egg shaped from the 1933-1934 Chicago World's Fair or Century of Progress, pay $2.50 ea.; ship for immediate payment. W. Andrews, IAM Local 311, 8405 Bardwell St.. Panorama City, Calif. 91402. XF-AU Morgan and Peace dollars wanted, also Walking Liberty halves in XF-AU; will pay top price for top quality. C. CahUl. IAM Local 701, 16119 Sussex Ave., Harvey, III. 60426. For sale mercury dimes, XF, AU and unc; Roosevelt dimes, unc; .penny rolls for sale. W. Urban, IAM Local 976, P.O. Box 2944, Springfield, III. 62703. 1968-C through 1974-S, bu cents, 7 coins, $1.25 postpaid; in wheats, $2 per roll.


.Here's how the IAM display looked.

took turns
Saw blades made by IAM memb at American Saw & Tool. Right, Dave Atkins, chief steward,! Garnett Faulkner, commit* teeman, at C. Lee Cooky /er Corp. display. demonstrating a tracing mill. _ Haskell Marshall,

union rep for IAM District 27, is looking on.

2* ''A
by Sam HInerfeld

International Association o f Machinists


I t



Members of IAM Local 681 demonstrate a metal turning lathe.

jntucky Gov. Wendell Ford (center) visited members of Toolmakers Local 2409 during the exJbit. Ford is flanked by Bill Perry on his right and on his left, William Harned, president of the j>cal. Others in the picture are union members and officers of the State AFL-CIO and the suisville Central Labor Council. Ford, the Democratic nominee for U.S. Senate in next month's election, is holding a pair of plastic golf tees the toolmakers molded at their exhibit.


Daytona Beach Photo


OCTOBER 24, 1974

Miss Union Maid.^Melese Birdwell, hunts for treasure. If you're hunting for value and quality, buy union-made goods. OCTOBER 24, 1974 THE MACHINIST PAGE 5


OCTOBER 24. 1974

hiow to buy

Persimmons are here again; how to use them

To those lucky enough to live- near a wild persimmon tree, the first frost means ripe fruit, ready for picking. If you can't get wild persimmons, many markets now carry cultivated fruit. Several Lunch Box readers have asked for ways in which to use them. Here are suggestions from Mrs. L. Kwasniewski, Arlington, Vt. - She writes: "Use persimmons which have been freshly picked, selecting only those which have been fully ripened. Wash thoroughly and cook until soft in a little water, just enough to prevent sticking. "Drain. Press fruit through a sieve to remove skins and seeds. Add sugar to taste and stir to dissolve. Reheat sauce to boiling and pour into hot clean jars until sauce is within Vi-inch of top. Stir to remove air bubbles and seal immediately. Process 20 minutes in boiling water bath." Mrs. Theresa Layton, Napa, Calif., sent this recipe:
' %

By Sidney Margolius
Higher price tags on cars are influencing banks and dealers to extend installment contracts to as long as 48 months instead of the traditional 36 and sometimes .42month payment plans. At the same time, banks and finance companies have raised rates on car loans. The result is many families buying a car this year and undertaking the new longer contracts in order to manage the higher prices, may find they are paying as much as $1,000 and sometimes more just to finance it. That's more than the factory cost'of the engine to operate the car. The finance rates themselves have been creeping up all year, from a national average annual rate of a little over 10% last year to 11% now, and they're still moving up. Just as expensively, the contracts are getting longer. A year ago, 87% of the finance company contracts were over 30 months. The latest Federal Reserve figures show that 94% of contracts are longer than 30 months. Most significantly, the number of buyers assuming contracts over 36 months has tripled in the past year and now comprises one out of 12 new car buyers. Actually, the increase in rates, while costly, still is not as potentially harmful to family finances as the tendency towards longer terms to make the higher costs of 1975 models easier fit into family budgets. As the table of credit fees for different rates and maturities shows, even a jump from $6 to $8 per $1,000 does not raise total finance

A family able to make a little larger down payment, even if it has to delay-other installment purchases,. can make dramatic There's pressure for the car rates to go up savings. A four-year, $4,000 contract at $6 still further, Robert Jaynes, Director of In- per $100 (the equivalent of an annual perstallment Lending for American Bankers centage rate of a little under 12%) will cost -Assn., reports. Only the usury laws in many a total of $960 in finance charges. If you can states and the fact that banks have a long- put down $500 more and repay the, $3*500 term view on consumer loans is keeping debt in three years, the total finance charge consumer loan rates from rising further. At is $630. If you can make your original balance only $3,000 and repay in 36 months, that, Jayne reports, some banks are not seeking expansion of car loans and the Federal your finance cost is $540 and if you can Reserve System itself is trying to dampen " manage to repay in 24 months, only $360. consumer borrowing. Keep in mind that while you pay HViVery long terms are hazardous in another 13% or more in true annual rates for a new way. A car loses about half its market value car financing and 18% more for used-car in two years. Thus, midway through a four- financing through finance companies, your year contract you may find that the market own savings may be earning only 5VA to value is no more, maybe less, than the 7%. You, too, can be a bankerfor your remaining balance you owe. own purchases.

charges as much as an increase in terms from 24 months to 36, or 36 to 48.

Comparative annual ireeflfj'tffees -'oh" at.",- i " $1,000 loan or installment debt
Finance Charge . " .Repaid : monthly -ins24 Mouths 36 Months

$ 6 per $100




$ 8 per $100
$10 per $100 ............



160,00 24o;tfo; i25.00^-


Persimmon marmalade
1 qt. peeled persimmons 1 cup water Jniee of 1 lemon Sugar

$12 per $100 ..,....:.......,......................

% a month .i....;...^..;........^..;.;^..... a-month

'.^K^isslooi", *:243i00i<i '?^**% %^C277".5O^




C o m b i n e persimmons and water. Boil to a thick pulp, and add lemon juice, and a cup of sugar to each quart of pulp. Boil 10 minutes or^ longer. Pour into sterilized jars and seal.

Door-to-door salesmen for Kirby vacuum cleaners are known to many housewives for their enthusiastic spiels. Canvassing from house to house, they have been known to sprinkle dust on a mattress and pull it through to the other side demonstrating the cleaner's powerful action. Recently, the Federal T r a d e Commission charged that the sales pressure was getting too strong. Salesmen were making claims such as these: "If you don't purchase the vacuum tonight, the price will be higher when another Kirby salesman comes. "I'll take $40 off the price if you will fill out 10 referral letters like the one you received." FTC complained that the machine was not being offered at reduced prices. Nor did offers need to be accepted within a limited time. Furthermore, the firm Kirby of North Providence, Inc. does not reduce prices in exchange for names of prospective customers. FIC also charged that Kirby offers so-called "free' 'merchandise,- but to get it you must allow a demonstration in your home. As a result, the Rhode Island manufacturer has signed a consent order agreeing that its salesmen will not misrepresent its products or the conditions under which they are sold.

Kitty Calipers1 latest pattern

Reminder: order your calendars NOW

It's time now to order your 1975 IAM wall calendarplus enough more to give your friends for Christmas. IAM calendars, best sellers since 1961, are useful gifts that last all year long. Spiral-bound 9" x 12" pages provide space for notes and reminders of appointments, meetings, parties and such. Use the order form below to order calendars now.
' CREETINOB \ 1S75--";"-

Calendar 1001 Machinists Bldg. Washington, D.C. 20036 Yes, I want the new IAM Calendar for 1975 with mailing envelopes. Please send me O one calendar. I am enclosing 500. three calendars. I am enclosing $1.25. 25 calendars. I am enclosing $9.25. 50 calendars. I am enclosing $17.50.

SIZES 10J4-20/2 Choose soft V or curve collar version - of the inches-slimmer style. Sew it swiftly. Pattern 4813: Half sizes 10VS, ^ 14Vi, I6V2, 18/, 20V&. Size 14Vz (bust 37) takes 2VA yards 54-inch fabric. Pattern 4813: Half sizes lO1/^, , , , 18VS and Send 75 cents to Kitty Calipers, Pattern Dept., 232 W. 18th St., New York, N.Y. 10011. Add 25 cents for first-class mail.

Make check or money order payable to Eugene Glover, General Secretary-Treasurer. (Canadian members order from 80 Argyle Ave., Room 302, Ottawa, Ontario K2P IBS.) My name (print) My address (print) City and state (print) ...Zip

Rules for submitting ads

The mailing label on the front page of this paper, entitles any IAM member to advertise in ' these columns without "charge. . Any IAM member can advertise tools or other'personal property. Ads cannot be accepted for rentals, personal services, or sidelines, or firearms and ammunition. a Print or type wording on separate sheet of paper in

For SaleBooks

For SaleReal Estate

Removing web between deep holes

By Albert Pippi
The author, a member of IAM Local 1561, Baltimore, Md., has worked in machine shops and tool rooms for a quarter century. Those in metal fabrication and machine tooling often encounter the need to cut out deep slots, such as the slug opening on punch press bolster plates or slug clearances on large die sets.

30 words or less
- including your name, complete address and lodge number. Send ad with the mailing label from the front of this paper.

Most often these plates are as much as 4 inches thick and their Allow three to four weeks perimeter is quite large. Consebetween the posting of letters quently, the workpiece is too and receipt of your ad by our STORM WINDOWS & DOORS (2) alu- RACE CARS, Vi MIDGETS, wanted, minum storm doors. 31 x 79-in. and with or without engine; state manu- _ large to saw or mill. -readers. We recommend you,set 27 x 79-in., each $20; four aluminum facturer, age, cond. and price; ena price in your ad. storm windows, 36 x 55%, and three close recent picture. B. Hempel, IAM aluminum storm windows, 24 x 55%, The usual practice is to drill Local 777, 2352 Goldfinch, Florissant, $10 each. A. Rella, IAM Local 434, - Address all ads to: Swap Mo. 63031. a series of holes as close as pos105-34 91st St., Jamaica. N.Y. 11417. Shop, 909 Machinists Bldg., OLD LETTERS wanted signed photos sible in a radial drill press. Then 45 RPM RECORDS (50). like new, $5 WWI and WWII, military officers, Washington, D.C. 20036. N o ad new Cronel wristwatch, 5-yr. guarU.S., British. German; also docuthe web between the holes is antee, new, was $70, will sell $22. will be published unless the ments of historical and other world J. Grubbs, IAM Local 1109. P.O. Box interests. J. Kover, IAM Local 1987, removed by hand chipping with a mailing label is enclosed. 38.- Dupont, Ind. 47231. 147-40 73rd St., Flushing. N.Y. 11367. cape chisel and finished by filing. ANTIQUE -BUESCHER SAXOPHONE, WEDGEWOOD CHINA wanted, "Wild low pitch. 41139. true tone, silver Briar" pattern, 3 cups and saucers.; For SaleTools clor: in fairly good cond. (case), $50. 'Corinthian" pattern, 2 luncheon Of course, whenever the workH. Hedrich. IAM Local 1546, 4579 plates; name pieces. S. Saikkonen, MACHINES, almost new,- selling due piece is adaptable to a milling San Juan Ave., Fremont. Calif. 94536. IAM Local 1607, RD 3, Trumansto illness; Rombandi, HES 16-inch burg. N.Y. 14886. machine, extra long extension lathe, D o All 16-inch bandsaw, MICKEY MOUSE & THREE LITTLE PIGS toothbrush holders, in like new LATE MODEL OUTBOARD MOTOR Bridgeport automatic deburrer, 4 end mills can be used. But in spindle drill press, Warner & Swasey - cond.; both for $40 nlus postage. L. wanted, 15 h.p., Johnson or EvinSpilman. IAM Local 701, 637 N. Root, turret lathe (No. 2), etc. S. Rabinorude; top price, will pay shipping very deep slots these end mills Aurora, 111. 60505. witz, IAM Local 797, 347 Leonard C. Rampart, IAM Local 1553. 1707 spring and are easily broken. Dr.. Box 92, N e w Milford, N.J. LIONEL "O" GAUGE TRAIN, Santa Mobile Home Ave., Rockford, 111. 07646. 61109. Fe diesel freight railroad, operating cars, accessories tracks, switches: ALLIS CHALMERS TRACTOR MANHowever, by making and using For SaleAutomotive $550 value for $225 (complete). J. UAL and parts catalogue wanted. a snub-nose tool and a guide Ooulston. IAM Local 2120 271 Lloyd 1947 model. , E. Couey, IAM Local 1970 BSA MOTORCYCLE, model Fire606, 935 S. Chase St., Denver. Colo. St., New Haven, Conn. 06513. plate, the web between the holes bird, Scrambler, rebuilt 650 cc. 80226. motor; ex. cond.; $650. J. Rackowwill be easily removed in both For SalePets MOBILE HOME wanted, used. 12 x ski, IAM Local 1322. 1774 Franklin 60-ft. or 10 x 50-ft., for hunting camp small and large work. Ave., East Meadow. N.Y. 11554. AKC DOBERMAN PINSCHER PUPS at DuBois, P a . ; also glass block, 1968 TRAILER, by Coachman, 15-ft. 6-in. or 8-in. for basement windows. champion bloodlines, reds & blacks long, selfcontained, elec. brakes, g a s show and pet qualitv; $150 to $250. D. Kurto. IAM Local 1044. 97 CresThe tool diameter illustrated in or elec. powered, sleeps six; very cent Blvd., Ext. RFD 3, Corapolis, M. Wenszell, IAM Local 437. 4326 figure 1 is made from either Vs clean; $1,400. D. Jordan, IAM Local Pa. 15108. Mona Park Rd.. Racine. Wis. 53405: 701, S. Howard, Roselle, II. 60172. or Vi-inch diameter Gorton rod GERMAN SHEPHERD PUPS, 10 OLD TYPEWRITERS wanted, models 1974 OLDSMOBILE 4-door, new, very 17 to 23-in.. for Teletypewriter; weeks, black and tan: 3 males and which is already hardened or it good cond., $5,000; new Moon mobile send price and description. L. Green7 females: $30. D . Battle, IAM Local home, nice court, 2-bedrm., $8,000. berg, IAM Local 199. 3325 Clarks L a can be made from high speed 727. 127 W. 110th St., Los Angeles, J. Serkolit, IAM Local 113. 29 Oak Calif. 90061. Apt. A, Baltimore, Md. 21215. steel and hardened. The guide St., Warehouse Pt., Conn. 06088. NAZI WWII MEMORABILIA wanted, plate's thickness should be equal 1972 24-FT. WINNEBAGO, sleeps 7, SS items, only interested in original For SaleReal Estate 413 cu. in. eng., only 1,300 miles; items, state cond. and price: Shirto the diameter of the snub-nose selling because of illness; $8,000. V. OCEAN CITY, MB., condominium ley Temple and kewpie dolls wanted, Cory, IAM Local 498. 8780 E.McKelmodern or original. K. Sheffler. IAM tool, and the plate must be long apartment, furnished, sleeps s i x ; lipes Rd., Box 145, Scottsdale, Ariz. Local 701, 1928 Lehigh Ave., Glenrented all season, good summer apt.: enough to be secured by two "C" 85275. view, 111. 60025. $18,000. cash. P. Opitz. IAM Local 776. 2116 Reever St., Arlington, Tex. BLUES AND R & B R E C O R D S clamps. The plate is made from 1958 CHEVROLET TRUCK, good run76010. ning cond.j $150. A. Wallis. IAM wanted, Lonnie Johnson. Sonny Boy cold rolled steel, and a hardened Local 1345, 4318 Cyprus Rd., St. Ann, 2-BEDRM. HOUSE, new. % mile from Williamson, Elmore James. Little Mo. 63074. Walter, etc., 78's. 45's and LP's. L. bushing has a neat slip fit hole Table Rock Lake, all elec. carpeted, Miller. IAM Local 1101. 225 Edwards 1956 CHEVROLET BEL AIR 4-door central air, ash cabinets and doors: to' accommodate the snub-nose Ave.. San Jose, Calif. 95110. wagon, 265, auto, trans., power steerattached garage: on short acre: ing and brakes, tinted glass; runs tool. Since the tool has no flutes $23,500. N. Virden. IAM Local 314. SHOP MANUAL FOR 1968 CHEVY 6good, good tires, needs brake job, Hi Lo Valley Shell Knob. Mo. 65747. VAN wanted: in good cond. R. and is supported by the guide some extra parts; $500 or offer. R. Jimenez, IAM Local 2024, 2430 30th Brockman, IAM Local 851, Rt. 1, AUTO BODY SHOP and 4-room modSt., Apt. D. Santa Monica, Calif. plate, spring is held to a miniern home in ex. cond.. "Skip's" enBox 172, Ridge Rd., Elwood, 111. 90405. joys good business, good opportu60421. mum. nitv. B. Schloemann, IAM Local 313. 1969 MOTHERS' DAY PLATE, Bing 1221 Caseyville Ave., Belleville, 111. & Grondahl, wanted; state price and For SaleBooks 62221. cond. J. Kroeger, IAM Local 79, The cutting edge is created by 10730 1st Ave., N.W., Seattle, Wash. MAGAZINES, Popular Mechanics, Pop- 78-ACRE FARM, fenced pastures, padgrinding a notch to half the tool's 98177. ular Science, Mechanix Illustrated, docks, tillable fields, stream, main Science and Mechanics, all years barn with box stalls, good sheds: complete: 1958 to 1966: $2.50 per year large house with modern heat, plus shipping, send SASE. L. Courtkitchen, bath and citv water. - G. ney, IAM Local 1345. 7061. Idlewild Mott, IAM Local 588, R D 2. CananAve., Jennings. Mo. 63136. daigua. N.Y. 14424.

NRI MASTER AUTOMOTIVE COURSE 20 ACRES, with 2-bedrm. house, attached garage; wooded with creek, BOOK for technician course text, 70 good hunting; retirement or investlessons,' with corrected answer ment; one hour from St. Louis; $28,sheets;-$70 or best offer.* J. Whalen, . IAM Local 609, P.O. Box 512, An- 000. T. Howard, IAM Local 837, P.O. Box 5910. Berkley. Mo. 63134. sonia, Conn. 06401. FLORIDA ACREAGE, 2.242 acres of NATIONAL GEOGRAPHICS, mos high level tree land; will divide into copies from 1955-74; sell at 75 cents two plots, 1.121 per acre each; terms per' copy, or make offer. A. Barcus, can be arranged. R. Thompson, IAM IAM Local 68, 2650 Diamond St. Local 702, 5490 W. 2nd Ave., Hialeah, San Francisco, Calif. 94131. Fla. 33012. 1955 CHEVROLET SHOP MANUAL LOT, beautiful, 2 graves, for passenger car, ex. cond.; $15. W. CEMETERY in Highland Memorial Park, MilRee3e. IAM Local 802, Rt. 1, Box waukee, W i s . ; $350. G. Smith. IAM 136, Wilsons, Va. 23894. Local 478, 32802 Valle Rd., Sp. 88, San Juan Capistrano, Calif. 92675. - For SaleMiscellaneous SMALL TOOL AND DIE SHOP, well equipped, downtown Kansas City, VENDING MACHINES, manually opMo.; $20,000, teams open. N. Russell, erated; best offer, L o s Angeles area IAM Lffcal 314, 335 Myrtle, Kansas only. H. Avans, IAM Local 1186; City. Mo. 64124. 6105 Lemoran, Pico -Rivera, Calif. 90660. TWO-FAMILY BUSINESS wrecking yard, three-stall block garage, all 7-PIECE DINETTE SET, modern forequip, and inventory; two houses; mica, oval table, server, china closet, close to scrap recycler; $125,000. L. 4 oval bench chairs, gray interipi Lee, IAM Local 1152. 1152 E. 90th N blue; very good cond; cost $300. will St.. Tacoma, Wash. 98445. sacrifice for $100. A. Cahill, IAM Local 1987. 328 Madison St., Franklin Wanted Square. N.Y. 11010.





diameter, and grinding side and back clearance angles. Using the tool: The cuts are taken in increments of about onethirty-second of an inch, as shown in figure 2. The downward feed should be light, especially in the tool's most extended position. The guide plate is tapped along with a hammer, while clamped. If desired, lay-out lines or an end stop guide will assure a straight path. Figure 3 illustrates the relationship of snub-nose tool, guide plate and workpiece.

When is your next union meeting? Better plan to be there.


Request For An Application Form1975 IAM Scholarship Program

Please send me an Application Form for the 1975 IAM Scholarship Competition. I understand fully that this request is itself-not an application and'that Application Form must be completed by me and postmarked no later than December 8, 1974. WARNING: You will probably not have sufficient time to receive and complete your form unless you send in this request before November 8, 1974. Coupons received too late will not be acknowledged. ' There are two kinds of Application Forms. By checking the appropriate box below, you will receive the correct one.

' '

I believe I am eligible to apply because: D J am an IAM member under 40 and will have -3 years' continuous membership in the IAM as of December 3 1 , 1974. ; I am a child of- an IAM member who will have 2 years' continuous membership in the IAM as of December 3 1 , 1974, and am currently in my last (senior) year of high school. Print your name and address clearly: If you do not qualify under the above requirements, please do not send in this coupon. No exceptions can be made to the rules. (Zip). IMPORTANT Fill out this coupon, put in an envelope and enclose a self-addressed, gummed label for, reply. (Do NOT send envelope.) Mail to: IAM Scholarship Program, Room 9 1 1 , 1300 Connecticut Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20036

"And don't interrupt when I'm interrupting!"



OCTOBER 24, 1974

democracy, small 'd'


Addressing the New York State Council of Machinists at Rochester, N.Y., last week, IAM Vice President Sal Iaccio summed up the meaning of the Nov. 5 Congressional elections. Here is an an important excerpt: Unfortunately, one of Mr. Nixon's legacies to the nation was a government so corruptand a presidency so greedythat millions of voters have quietly tuned out and turned off as far as further participation in the political process is concerned. For years the percentage of potential voters who actually bother to register and get out and vote has been declining. In 1972, 45 out of every 100 people eligible to vote stayed home. Of the 144 million Americans eligible to vote next month political experts predict that between 85 and 90 million will not. Recently, the president of the League of Women Voters noted that their campaign to get out the vote is running into a blank wall of voter apathy. Out in California there is an idiot running around getting people to join what he calls the League of Non-Voters. And he's having considerable success. People are responding to the idea that citizen participation in government is a waste of time. As a direct legacy of Mr. Nixon's presidency, millions of Americans are apparently ready to give up on the ideal on which this country was founded, and that is the ideal of government by the people. Forfeiting power Because if there's one thing that we've learned, or should have learned by now, it is that government determines who gets what in our society. If enough people, including the vast majority who work for wages, cop out by refusing to try to control government with the power of their votes, the corporations will be only too happy to go on controlling it with the power of their money. If you doubt that the corporations have such power right now, why do you think it took so many years, and so many lives and limbs of working people, before we were finally able to get an Occupational Safety and Health Act at the Federal level? Why do you think multinational corporations are free to export the jobs of American workers to places like Taiwan and Hong Kong, along with technology that has been developed in this country at the expense of American taxpayers? Why do you think the profits of the major oil companies increased 78% during the first six months of this year? Why do you think most of you paid more taxes on your wages last year than many millionaires did on their investments? Why do you think America is the only industrialized country in the world that does not cover its citizens with a comprehensive system of health insurance? I'll tell you why. For the same reason that the American labor movement, with the potential voting power of 20 million families, has never been able to get Section 14bthe right-to-work-for-less sectionof the Taft-Hartley Act repealed. It's because union members have never developed the kind of political awareness that is needed to make their government more responsive to people power than to corporate power. Voter apathy I realize that in the atmosphere of cynicism and distrust that Richard Nixon created with his crimes, and that Gerald Ford has perpetuated with his blanket pardon of those crimes, it's going to be harder than ever to get people out to vote next month. But what is at stake is not only the outcome of this particular election or even the presidential election that will follow in 1976. What is at stake, in the long run, is the future of democratic government in the United States of America. I mean democratic with a small "d". I mean the Abraham Lincoln kind of government of the people, by the people, and for the people. That is the only kind of government that cannot survive apathy. It cannot survive voter turnouts of 30% to 40%. When people have lost faith in democratic governments in other countries it was not government that died, it was democracy. When democracy died and totalitarianism took its place, the unions of working peoeple were the first to go. Just as one cannot Iiave a free labor movement without a democracy, you can't have a totalitarian government with a free labor movement.

Collective balloting protects collective bargaining

Aluminum dust
By Dr. Thomas F. Maneuso
An IAM members writes from California: "I'm a machinist (40) who has worked amongst spray mist and, mostly, aluminum dust from milling for approximately seven years. We in the shop would appreciate the dangers to watch for while breathing excessive aluminum. Also what tests (periodic) would you recommend?" Medical information on the potential harmful effects from aluminum and its compounds has come primarily from Europe. The principal findings have been on the lung where dust from aluminum or its compounds was inhaled. Changes shown in chest x-rays have been called aluminosis, aluminum lung, and pneumoconiosis. The x-rays do not show any specific features identified solely for aluminum. The chemical and physical form of the aluminum (metal, powder, or combination with another substance, such as silica), the dosage (concentrations of the aluminum dust in the work place), and the duration of exposure in terms of employment, all influence the potential* harmful effects to the lung. inhalation of aluminum dust-among workers in comparison to the magnitude of exposures throughout the country. At present, there are differences of opinion among the doctors as to the seriousness of the lung changes which may occur. As a result, aluminum oxide is classified as a nuisance dust in the threshold guides of 50 million parts per cubic foot, with a particle size of 5 microns or less. There is a real need for information from workers who have been exposed over the years to aluminum in different forms and under different conditions. Reports from IAM members involved with aluminum processes in some form or other, particularly machining, on types of illnesses would be valuable to scientific research. They should be sent to me. There are no specific tests for aluminum illness. In the detection of occupational lung diseases, chest x-rays show what is happening to the lungs. Lung function tests are also important and will indicate whether the breathing capacity of the lung has decreased. These combined tests are sufficient, providing there is an appropriate and effective industrial medical program.

The Machinist
Th* official weekly newspaeer of fh

International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers

Affiliated with AFL-CIO and CLC Machinists Building, 1300 Connecticut Ave., Washington. D.C. 20036 . ,. Gordon H . Cole, Editor Associates: Jane Stokes, Dean Ruth ' Robert J . Kolasbl. Jerry L. Rollings Art Editor: Victor Vasal

Published weekly except for the weeks of New Year's, / Independence Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. Mailed to every member of the International Association of Machinists in accordance with convention and referendum action. Subscription price to non-members, $4 per year. Back copies, 20 cents each. Printed in the USA

Some reports indicated lung changes following relatively brief (in years) exposure to high concentrations of the dust. A severe form of pneumonia Measurements of the dusts in the work place, called interstitial pneumonia had developed. on a periodic basis, and proper ventilation control, are essential for any subsequent correlation with In other cases, fibrosis of the lung and emphylung changes or effects which may occur. sema, with marked shortness of breath, have been reported. In autopsy cases, chemical analyses have verified deposition and retention of aluminum in the lung. In other cases, these symptoms were cited: dry cough, pain in breathing, shortness of breath, poor appetite and abdominal pain. There were indications of a higher frequency of spontaneous colIn the Soviet Union a bus was going down a lapsing of the lung (pneumothorax) occurring steep mountain road. The fog was thick. So one among these workers. of the men offered to ride on the hood of the bus and direct the driver. -This way, they, made Shaver's disease (reported in the U.S.) is another it to the bottom of the hillall due to a little form of lung disease that has been identified with Red riding hood. exposure to a combination of alumina and silica in the manufacture of alumina abrasives. Origin* * ally, this type of industrial- exposure was conThis week's brain twister: A library shelf sidered harmless. However, lung fibrosis and severe contains seven booksthree of them are poetry emphysema, with again partial collapsing of the books, while four are histories. In how many lung, have been well documented. different ways can the books be arranged so that the three poetry books are together? There are many forms and types of aluminum (Answer on page 2.) exposure, but there have been few studies on the



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The Machinist
Published by International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
155 150 CONSU MER PRICES 1967= =100

WASHINGTON, D!C. 20036, OCTOBER 31, 1974


Controls expire

Uncapped COLA, Pensions Win Lockheed Ratification


140 135
Phase U

An up-to-date cost-of-living escalator helped spark ratification of a three-year contract by IAM members at Lockheed Aircraft Corporation's biggest plants in California and Georgia. The quarterly unlimited escalator was one of the top goals in this year's aerospace negotiations. Members of District 727 at Burbank and Palmdale, Calif., and members of IAM Local 709 at Marietta, Ga., voted by more than an 80% margin to accept the new contract. Ratification votes at Lockheed's launch sites at Cape Kennedy, Fla., and Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., were 97% and 93% respectively.

130 125 120 115

Freeze Phaelll

members continued to work while union and management negotiators were meeting to resolve the local issues. Jones explains that one of the local issues at Sunnyvale concerns the operation of numerical control machines. The* company is pressing to permit one worker to operate two machines. Talks on that and other local issues were continuing as this issue of THE MACHINIST went to- press. The IAM cost-of-living escalator in the new Lockheed contract has two improvements. Workers will now receive a one-cent an hour wage adjustment for each .3 point rise in the Consumer Price Index, using the 1967 base. Under the old contract, the adjustment was made on a .4 point rise on the same base. In addition, the escalator begins working immediately, instead of only in the last two years. The first adjustment at Lockheed is due Jan. 4, 1975. If living costs continue to rise at the present rate, Jones estimates that the uncapped quarterly adjustments could net Lockheed workers about $1.35 an hour over the threeyear term of the contract. Under the old

contract, they received 71(* an hour in an escalator that worked only in the last two years. Jones adds, that one cent an hour from each quarterly adjustment will be earmarked to help pay for new benefit improvements. Here are the details on the wage package and the benefit improvements at Lockheed: WagesA 5.5% increase this year, including a freezing of the 71(* cost-of-living adjustments into the base rates. Additional raises of 3% and 3% are scheduled for 1975 and 1976. PensionsA $12 monthly benefit for all past and future service, an increase from the old $8 benefit. HolidaysThree additional holidays during the contract, guaranteeing a continuation of the Christmas to New Year's plant shutdown. Group insuranceMajor medical maximum increased from $25,000 to $250,000 per employee. Savings planMaximum employee con(See LOCKHEED, page 7)

Ph2 ell Freeze




If Always Goes Up
Our chart has a brand new WIN- button to show when President Ford's - new anti-inflation program began. We can only hope it is more successful than the freezes and phases that preceded it. Living costs are still skyrocketing, of course. Index of Consumer Prices stands 12.1% above a year ago. Last month's increase was 1.7 points, raising the index to 151.9 of the base year of 1967. The old 1957 index is now at 176.7, up 2.1 in September. Food prices jumped 1.9%;' non-food prices, 1 %, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. As the AFL-CIO pointed out last week, it means that the American workers, on the average, are earning less than they were nine years ago in terms of purchasing power.

All IAM members at Lockheed, however, did not vote to ratify the new contract. At the big Missiles and Space plant in Sunnyvale, Calif., members of IAM Local 709 tallied a 79% vote to reject the contract because of differences on local issues. Local issues also caused 90% and 94% rejection votes at small Lockheed feeder plants in Charleston, S.C., and Clarksburg, W. Va. Grand Lodge Rep. Charles Jones, the IAM's Lockheed coordinator, reports that despite the vote to reject at Sunnyvale, IAM

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Members Voting On Airline Pact

As this issue of THE MACHINIST went to press, 1,600 striking IAM members on National Airlines were preparing to vote on a tentative contract concluded in marathon negotiations at Washington, D.C. The proposal and back-to-work agreement were to be put before members at meetings across National's system. The strike, which started July 15, was more than-100 days old when the tentative agreement was reached with the help of W. J. Usery, Jr., chief U.S. mediator.

The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has alerted the U.S. Department of Labor that more than 2,000,000 workers, who come in daily contact with benzene are risking their health and lives under the present safety regulations. NIOSH has recommended a stricter standard for those working with benzene, or benzol as it is also known. The standard would limit the legal maximum exposure level that a worker should have to endure at any one time to 25 parts per million, half the present level. NIOSH proposed that gas masks be required in emergencies. During a normal _ work day, the standard permits the continuous exposure to remain at 10 parts per million. .Benzene is used by workers who manufacture coke, gas, adhesives," coatings, and a variety of chemicals, and workers in the printing, lithography and drycleaning industries. NIOSH re-

searchers found that benzene exposure breaks down human blood cells. Prolonged exposure to high levels contributes to leukemia, a cancer of the blood. The new benzene regulation is the 15th time that NIOSH has urged the Labor Department to tighten occupational health standards for working with toxic substances and materials. Since 1972, when NIOSH delivered its first recommendation, the Labor Department has acted on only three standards: asbestos, arsenic and vinyl chloride. Investigations are now under way on charges that the Labor Department intentionally shelved the other 12 recommended standards in exchange for contributions to President Nixon's reelection campaign. That charge is bascM on an internal Labor Department memo uncovered by the Senate Watergate Investigating Committee. Those poisonous substances, many, of which IAM members work with, include beryllium,

carbon monoxide, inorganic mercury and lead, trichloroethylene and cadmium. Under present L a b o r Department standards, more than 5,000,000 workers risk their lives working with those substances every day, according to NIOSH. Because of the large numbers of workers exposed to-benzene, trade union safety officials are pressing the Labor Department to act quickly and adopt the new benzene standard. They know that the three standards already published by the Labor Departmenton asbestos, arsenic and vinyl chloridecame only after extensive and prolonged pressure by trade unions. -^ Angelo Cefalo, IAM safety rep in Washington, D.C, blasted the Labor Department's foot dragging in an "address last week to the Industrial Health Foundation in Pittsburgh, Pa. Cefalo told the management group: "The environmental standards to date, each one of them, came about only by forcing the Occu-

Los Angeles, Calif.36 jour, neyman diesel mechanics needed. Contact: H. Hughes, IAM Local 620;. 2433^ N. Broadway, Los. Angeles, Calif. 90031. THE MACHINIST

pational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) hand. Asbestos had to be forced out as was the standard on carcinogens, and, most recently, vinyl chloride. "Of all the standards proposed by NIOSH, there has been little action. There is little sense of urgency in the fact that workers get sick, with some dying from over-exposure. "The greatest of urgencies in the Labor Department is in the reorganization of OSHA. When one round is about finished, then another reorganization starts over again." Cefalo told the industrial hygienists in Pittsburgh that the NIOSH budget must be increased to orovide more manpower to p r o d u c e more occupational health standards. He also called on the Labor Department to strengthen the job safety/ law instead of weakening it. One suggestion he offered was to amend the law to provide for pretesting of toxic materials and substances before they are cleared for use in the work place.

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OCTOBER 3 1 , 1 9 7 4

lAM's Ozark agents win new COLA pact

The more than 1,000 salaried employees on Ozark Airlines, members of IAM District 142, have ratified a new 26-month contract providing substantial improvements in pay and benefits. Quenton Kerr, District 142 president, reports the package includes a cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) clause and a paid 30minute lunch period. The employeesstation, reservations and ticket agents, crew schedulers, ground hostesses, secretaries, clerks and other clerical employees ratified the agreement by an 83% margin on the second try. A tentative agreement was voted down last summer. Negotiators, headed by Frank Score, District 142 assistant general chairman, went back to the bargaining table and came up with a fatter package. Here's Score's rundown: PayTop-rated agents' pay, heretofore $1,080 monthly, will rise in steps to $1,208 a month on Aug. 1 next year. Administrative clerks' salaries, previously at a $610 top, will mount to $709 monthly over the same period. Similar raises were won by employees in other classifications. Raises are retroactive to Jan. 1, 1974. The contract runs to Feb. 29, 1976. Cost-of-LivingEscalator provides 10 an hour up to a maximum of 100 for each .3 of point rise in the Consumer Price Index (1967=100) c o m p a r i n g the months of November, 1974, and July, 1975. Health and welfareA dental plan was added and health insurance increased. PensionsPension plan was improved in steps so that as of next Jan. 1 it will pay $12 per month per year of service, instead of $6 heretofore paid. In addition, improvements were made in vacations, holidays, severance pay, funeral leave, sick leave, occupational injury leave and the grievance procedure. In addition to Score, negotiators included Shirley Werner, Tom Higginbotham, Jim Johnson, Alice Caplan and Charles R. Large, all chief stewards.

Airport Photo

Sober moment in the fight against alcoholism

Here's another IAM first. IAM District 141, Burlingame, Calif., and the state of California sign a contract launching a statewide labor-management program to help alcoholism victims in industry. Loran D. Archer, seated left, director of State Alcoholism Program Management, signs as George Robinson, right, president of IAM District 141, awaits his turn. Interested participant, at right, standing,1 is iIAM Vice President Robert Simpson of Los Angeles. A successful alcoholism program operated jointly by United Airlines and District 141 members, originally at San Francisco, led to establishment of the statewide program. That program proved that a trade union and an employer working together with a counseling program can rehabilitate alcoholic employees, save jobs and hold families together. . ' Others, in photo, 1 to r, standing, are Albin J. Gruhn, California AFL-CIO president; Bill Livingston, IAM District 141; State Sen. Arlen Gregorio of San Mateo County; Bill Combs, Dis-" trict 141; and Harold Mamola, District 141. Combs, Livingston and Mamola have been assigned as program directors. They will contact district and local union officials to persuade them to set up alcoholism programs and recruit coordinators to operate them. All California unions will be eligible to participate.

First escalator ratified at Amana Refrigeration

Machinist Photo

First contract OK'd at K. I. Willis

Members of IAM Local 2045 negotiating committee were all smiles following the recent ratification of the first union contract with K. I. Willis Corp., Milan, 111. William Keller, directing rep for IAM District 102 who assisted in the negotiations, reports the new two-year pact provides a 700across-the-board wage increase the first year plus 20 the second year. In the second year, workers will be protected by a cost-ofliving allowance (COLA) clause, which has a cap of 150 an hour. A comprehensive insurance program paid for entirely by the company was negotiated. Insurance will pay all usual and customary costs for hospital, surgical and medical expenses; a $100,000 major medical program; accident and sickness benefits of $90 a week for 26 weeks, and $7,500 in life insurance with an accidental death and dismemberment clause for each worker. The pact provides bereavement leave, jury duty pay, and management will pay for welder's gloves and one pair of prescription safety glasses each year for each employee. Negotiating committee members pictured above, 1 to r, Drew Newton, John Dean, Ken Evans and Roger Nauyalis, another rep for IAM District 102.

This is the first COLA negotiated by Raytheon Corp., the parent corporation of Amana. Elam reports the contract was negotiated a year before the expiration of the former agreement. John Elam, Jr., directing rep He explained that because ramfor IAM District 105, reports pant inflation had hit workers so the Cost of Living Adjustment hard, the union requested that provision (COLA) is provided in the former contract be renegoa three-year agreement recently tiated. After months of intensive ratified by the 1,600 workers. negotiations, the pact was ratified The COLA takes effect next last month. Other improvements: September. Adjustments will be Wages A 9% across-themade quarterly. board increase this year, 8% The COLA is tied in with the next year, in addition to the insecond-year wage increase of crease provided under the old 8%. In computing the COLA, contract. Hourly rate for second- the Consumer Price Index for class assemblers, the largest September, 1975, will be com- group of employees at the plant, pared with that of September, is now $4.01, up frdm $3.68 1974. If, for example, the CPI under the old contract. Next year increases 10% during that pe- the rate will be $4.33 an hour. riod, Amana workers will get an Top-rated tool and die makers additional 2% wage increase. rates were increased to $5.21 an That increase will be folded into hour this year from $4.78. Next the regular hourly rate of pay. year the rate will be $5.63. So far this year, the cost-of-living Retroactivity All wage and has increased at an annual probenefit increases are retroactive jected rate of 12.7%. to last July 1. Second-class asThere is no limit on the semblers will receive back pay amount of the COLA increase. averaging about $119. Overtime Workers' hourly rates will not be would increase the amount of cut if the cost-of-living decreases. back pay. Back payments for tool

Members of IAM Local 1526 working at the big Amana Refrigeration Corp. f a c i l i t y , Amana, Iowa, have negotiated their first cost-of-living escalator.

and die makers will average about$154. InsuranceMajor medical insurance coverage increased to $25,000 from $10,000; 'life insurance increased to $6,000 from $5,000; accidental death and dismemberment insurance increased to $4,000 from $3,000. Pensions Benefits increased to $6 per month per year of service from $5.20; vesting after 10 years service; early retirement at age 55 with 10 years credited service. Other members of the negotiating committee, in addition to Elam were Kenneth Lanphier, Bud Sanders, Kenneth McMillan, S a n f o r d Chittick, lUhnan Weaver, Roger Alderson and Richard Chittick. Answer to brain twister: 2 9 4. 7 5 3. 6 1 8.

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Notices should be received at least Hotel, Miami, Fla., John Trementwo weeks prior to event. Corre- tozzi, IAM automotive cordinator. respondents must give brief necessary ports. facts, i.e., nature and name of event, time, date and place, full names of Machinists' Special Schools persons in charge of other factual data. Address copy to The Machinist, Dec. 1-6, Communications and Publi909 Machinists Bldg., Washington, cations Institute, for full-time staff D.C. 200SB. and local editors, Labor Studies Center, Washington, D.C. IAM RAILROAD General Chairman's Association -will meet Nov. 6-7 at the Feb. 9-14, Arbitration Institute, for Miyako Hotel, San Francisco, Calif., for full-time staff, Berkeley, Calif. B. B. Kidwell. sec.-treas., reports. Feb. 23-28, Collective Bargaining, for members of local negotiating comWBST VIRGINIA State Council of mittees, Birmingham, Ala. Machinists will meet Nov. 8-10 at the McLure House, Wheeling-, C. F. Mar. 9-14, Orientation Institute, for Brua, sec.-treas., reports. new representatives, IAM Headquarters, Washington, D.C. MISSOURI state Council of Machinists -will meet Nov. 15-16 at the Mar. 23-28, Local Lodge Education Howard Johnson's Motor Lodge, 2610 Methods, for field staff and educaN. Glenstone, Springfield, Fred tion chairmen, Urbana, 111. Speckmann, sec.-treas., reports. Apr. 20-25, Collective Bargaining, for AUTOMOTIVE Conference will be members of local negotiating comheld Nov. 19-21 at the Diplomat mittees. Madison, Wis.

International Association of Machinists and Aerospace "Workers

General Secretary-Treasurer International President EUGENE D. GLOVER FLOYD E. SMITH 70S Machinists' Bldg. 1005 Machinists' Bldg. Washington, D.C. 20036 Washington, D.C. S0OS6 General Vice Presidents WM. W. WINPISINGER ROBERT R. SIMPSON MIKE RYGTTS Suite 3 Bldg. Bm. SOU, 80 Argyle Ave. 1005 Machinists' 4SS0 Atlantic Ave. Washington,1 D.C. S00S6 Ottawa, Ont., Canada Long Beach, Calif. 90807 FRED J. PCRCELL FRANCIS P. MEAGHER TOM mrcY Suite 189 Suite ZOO 50 West Oakton St. 1S00 llith Ave. N.E. 6500 Pearl Road Des Plaines, HI. 60018 Bellevue, Wash. 9800 } Cleveland. Ohio 44130 ROE SPENCER JOHN PETERPATTL SAL IACCIO Suite 346, Empire Center 811, Machinists' Bldg. Suite SS48 8383 Stemmons Fwy. Washington, D.C. Z00S6 J,ZO Lexington Ave. Dallas, Tex. 75847 New York, N.Y. 10011

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Change of address cards on Form 3579 should be sent to Eueene Glover, Secretary-Treasurer, International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, 1300 Connecticut Ave., N.W., Wash., D.C. 20036. Published weekly except for weeks of New Year's, Independence Day. Thanksgiving and Christmas. Second-class postage paid at Washington, D.C. Subscription $4 yearly-to. non-members. \

OCTOBER 31, 1974



Stubblefield for state rep in Rockford,

Guy Stubblefield, union rep for IAM Local 1553, Rockford, HI., is a Democratic candidate for State Representative from Illin o i s' 3 4 t h H o u s e District in t h e Nov. 5 election. Stubblefield, 49, has been president,

Edmund Brown, Jr. (D, Calif.)

Ella Grasso (D, Conn.)

Reubin Askew (D, Flo.)

George Busbee

(D, Go.)

George Mitchell (D, Me.)

of his area's stubblefield central labor council, Rockford United Labor, since 1968. He is secretary of the 16th District COPE organization and secretary-treasurer of the Illinois Machinists Non-Partisan Political League. p. In addition to MNPL and COPE endorsements, he has been endorsed by the UAW and the Rockford Education Association. He and his wife, Marie, have a son and two grandchildren. Stubblefield is running in tandem with State Rep. E. J. (Zeke) Giorgi, an incumbent Democrat.

Hugh Carey (D, N.Y.)

Robert Straub


Milton Shapp (D, Pa.)

Philip Noel (D, RJ.)

Patrick Lucey (D, Wh.)

This year's bumper crop of good can dictates for governor

Here are some of the able candidates for Governor backed by labor in the Nov. 5 election. There are many others including Gov. John Gilligan (D, Ohio) seeking re-election (see pages 4-5), Sandor Levin (D, Mich.), Gov. Wendell Anderson (D, Minn.), Vern Miller (D, Kan.), Michael Dukakis (D, Mass.), David Pryor (D, Ark.), William Egan (D, Alaska) and a number of others. In all, Governors are being elected in 35 states - this year. These seats are now held by 22 Democrats and 13 Republicans. In 23 states, voters are electing both Governors and U.S. Senators, so that the Governor's race, most often at the top of the ballot, can be a key factor in the U.S. Senate race. All of these candidates have been endorsed by State Councils of Machinists or by IAM locals in states where there is no State Council.

W. R. Johnson honored by Go. State Council

The Georgia State Council of Machinists has presented W. R. Johnson, 78, IAM Local 713, Augusta, Ga., with honorary life-time membership at its l a s t convent i o n. T h e honor came in recognition of his 55 years of "untiring service and inspiring leaderJohnson ship." Johnson, a charter member, presided over the Georgia State Council for more than 25 years as its president. Horace Hilderbrand, recording secretary, reports that Johnson also served his local in every elected office.

Nov. 5 will be the last time union members vote for U.S. Senators and Congressmen under the old Federal campaign financing laws. Under the campaign reform law, just enacted - by Congress, stiff new rules go into effect Jan. 1 to prevent more Watergate-type money-raising scandals. The new law strictly limits spending by Presidential and Congressional candidates and contributions by wealthy individuals. For example, a Presidential candidate's spending will be limited to $10 million for all primaries and $20 million for the general election. President Nixon's reelection committee raised and spent about $51 million, in some cases virtually extorting money from wealthy individuals and corporations. No individual will be able to contribute more than $1,000 to a Federal candidate for each primary, runoff and general election race, $3,000 in_alL No individual can contribute any more than $25,000 to all Federal candidates in any one year. Corporations and

unions are prohibited from giving candidates a cent from their treasuries, as in the past. At the same time, the new law puts new responsibilities on union members and other average Americans. Presidential campaigns will be financed entirely from the $1 checkoff ($2 for a couple) on Federal income tax Form 1040. Thus, to make the system work, voters must check the campaign financing box each year on their Federal income tax form. On the other hand, candidates for the U.S. Senate and House will not be publicly financed, so union members must continue to support their candidates through voluntary contributions to the Machinists Non-Partisan Political League and other labor fund-raising organizations. Here is a rundown on some things that union voters and their unions CAN and CANNOT do in Federal elections: You can contribute up to $100 in cash to a candidate but no more. Larger contributions must be in the form of checks. If anyone contributes over $100 to a candidate

directly, he must report it to the Government. Your union can inform its members about the candidate in its publications. Your union cannot contribute money from the union treasury to a candidate. Your union can, through MNPL, solicit voluntary contributions from union members and raise money in other ways which can be given to a candidate's campaign committee. Your union cannot, through MNPL, contribute more than $5,000 to any one candidatePresident, Senator or Congressman. In its final report, Congress explained its intent: "To allow the maximum contribution from each level of the organization if the decision or judgment to make such contribution is independently exercised within the separate levels of the organization." The law provides stiff penalties for violations. The IAM, the AFL-CIO and other unions supported the long drive to win the new law so that elections can no longer be bought by big contributors.

Nice to be rich
Burka's of Washington, D.C., advertises its "lowest prices for imported wines in many years." Chateau Mouton Rothschild, a red bourdeaux, 1955 vintage, is reduced by $10 to $79.50 a bottle. That's only $945 per case or about $3.31 a swallow. It's nice to be rich.

Here's how to WIN this Christmas: Give a gift subscription

You can WIN this Christmas by giving gift subscriptions to THE MACHINIST. At.$4 apiece, a year's subscription to your favorite trade union newspaper costs no more than it did last year. Five times an award winner, THE MACHINIST reports labor's news with punchy paragraphs, explicit editorials, and timely columns. It's a good way to get the union viewpoint across to relatives, friends and neighbors. In addition, you give them useful and entertaining featuresSidney Margolius' buying tips, Dr. Mancuso's medical tips, the Family Lawyer's legal tips, and more. We'll send gift cards in your name. Use the order form at the right.

909 Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20036 Here is $ '.for gift subscriptions to the world's most useful newspaper, THE MACHINIST, at $4 for the first one-year subscription, $3 for each additional one. Please send gift cards to: NAME .., STREET CITY



NAME , STREET STATE ZIP CITY Please make checks payable to General Secretary-Treasurer Eugene Glover. My Name Is City Street Sign gift cards as follows: Lodge No State Zip


RR safety fines cheaper than repairs


Bass is first choice of game fishermen

Gov. John Gilngan Astronaut John Glenn Lynn Glenn, daughter of U.S. Senate candidate John Glenn, receives standing ovation after speaking. Left, Phil Zannella, Council secretary-treasurer; right, Duane Randolph, president.

A safety report by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) shows clearly why carriers would rather risk being fined than repair defective equipment. The FRA reports that during fiscal year 1974 it collected $944,372 from carriers in settlement of 4,564 claims based on safety violations. That's only $206.92 for each violation. John Ingram, the Federal Railroad Administrator, claims that the fines are "one method we have for putting teeth into our safety regulations." The FRA is charged with enforcing the Railway Safety Act. But IAM Vice President John Peterpaul of Washington, D.C., declared that the average-fines levied against the carriers are "gross miscarriages of justice." Peterpaul charged: "At the rate of $203 for each violation, most carriers would rather take a chance on getting caught and paying a fine than to fix the diesel or freight car. "Until the average cost per vio lotion gets a lot higher and until the government hires about twice

as many safety inspectors to enforce the safety laws, the railroad's accident figures aren't likely to improve," Peterpaul insisted. Profits Third-quarter profit reports were released recently by three carriers. The Santa Fe. reports third-quarter earnings were $35.8 million, up 41.5% over last year's $25.3 million for the same period. For the first nine months of the year, Santa Fe's earnings are $92.6 million, up 33.8% over last year's $69.2 million. The picture was even brighter on the Chessie System. Chessie's profits were $39.1 million, up 185% from $13.7 million for the third quarter last year. Chessie's profits for the first nine months of this year amounted to $77.7 million, up 68.9% from $46 million for the same period a year ago. Auto-Train Corp. reports profits of $248,453 for the first quarter of fiscal year 1975. That's down 38.9% from last year's profits of $406,663. AutoTrain reports the costs of starting up new service between Sdnford, Fla., and Louisville, Ky., was the main reason for the decline.

By Fred Goetz
There's an old s a y i n g : "There's no fisherman like a bass fisherman." It's true. Most bass fishermen I've talked with consider all other species secondary. Fact is, the basswhich includes the largemouth and smallmouth varietyis, by far, the most sought after game fish in America. One angler who'll probably go along with this is Jerry E. Hunter of Florissant, Mo., a member of JAM Local 837C, St. Louis. He's been pursuing the black bass with dogged persistence for over 15 years. Brother Hunter writes: "Enclosed find a snapshot of me with my best catchto date.

Ohio I A M rking for Gillig Glenn

Tom Buffenbarger, legislative agent for Ohio State Council of Machinists, spells out election issues to delegates at Columbus. One hundred forty delegates to the Ohio pandidate's attractive daughter, won a standState Council of .Machinists pre-election ovation from the 350 union members and meeting at Golumbus last week have fanned ives for her discussion of John-Glenn's ads in behalf of Ohio's working families. out all over the state on a special mission. Thek goal is to get every JAM member, JAM Vice Presidents Fred Purcell of Clevetheir wives and husbands, eligible family mem- land and William Winpisinger of Washington, bers and friends out to vote on Election Day. '.C, gave the delegates the facts on the naCouncil President Duane Randolph and Sec- ion's economic plight-soaring inflation and retary-Treasurer Phil Zannella are in the van- rising unemployment. Urging the delegates to guard. work for their endorsed candidates, Purcell They went back to their home cities and leclared: towns armed with the facts about these Coun"Apathy is the only thing that can beat us. cil-endorsed candidates: : Ihe people want leadership. You can give it Gov. John Gilligan for reelection, Astro- to them. Turn out that vote to turn the power naut John Glenn for U.S. Senator, a slate of jack to the people." able U.S. House candidates. State Rep. RichWinpisinger, a native Ohioan, predicted that ard Celeste for Lt. Governor, T/>ny Hall for Secretary of State, Gertrude Donahey for the recession will persist and "inflation will be State Treasurer, Thomas Ferguson for State with us for the foreseeable future." He urged Auditor and Attorney General William Brown svery effort be made to return Governor Giligan to office and put John Glenn in the* U.S. for reelection. Seriate as the best men to meet, today's chalThey are also urging three candidates for enges. the Ohio Supreme CourtJoseph E. O'Neill, Eugene (Pete) O'Grady, Governor Gilligan's Frank O. Celebrezze and Clifford Brown: ampaign manager, .spoke in behalf of the A funeral kept Astronaut John Glenn from Jovernor and his running mates for state die State Council's banquet. Lynn Glenn, the office. Delegates headed home with the facts.
Machinist Photos

paddlefish, otherwise known as the spoonbill catfish. Actually, it had no relationship to the catfish family at all. Except for its immense paddle-like snoutwhich is about half as long as the body of the fishit looks very much like the sturgeon and is related, biologically, to that family.

IAM Vice President Fred Purcell of Cleveland urged delegates "to turn out the vote to turn the power back to the people."

Mutual Aid paid NAL $40 million

The. more than 100-day strike that National Airlines forced on 1,600 IAM members has brought the air carrier more than $40 million in payments from other airlines under the Mutual Aid Pact. As this issue of THE MACHINIST went to press, a tentative settlement had been reached subject to ratification votes of the members. However, Mutual Aid payments to National were continuing, pending resumption of flights. (See report, page 1.) L. B. Maytag, National president, told the stockholders that Mutual Aid should cover all the airline's expenses for more than three months. In its less than seven years membership in the 16-year-old strike insurance plan National has drawn more than $67 million of the $357 million paid out since the plan started on Oct. 20, 1958. That's an average of more than $9,500,000 a year, a higher yearly figure than any other airline. Trans World Airlines, which leads the league in total drawn $98 millionaveraged $6,125,000 a year over its 16 years of charter membership. Northwest Airlines, in the Pact for about 14Vi years, drew $97 million. That averages out to nearly $6,700,000 a year. Over the 16 years, other major airlines drew these amounts: Eastern, $26 million; American, $25 million; United, $18 million; Pan American, $5,000,000, and Braniff, $1,000,000. Most of these airlines have, paid out a lot more than they drew. Among local service airlines, Ozark and

Hughes Airwest have "each drawn $6,500,000 since the local carriers were admitted Jan. 1, 1971. Delta and Allegheny Airlines and Southern Airways have never joined the Pact. Delta is the most profitable trunk airline and Allegheny the best earner among the regionals. Outlaw MAPAnother state labor organization has called on Congress to outlaw the Mutual Aid Pact. At its recent convention, the Rhode Island AFL-CIO urged quick action to end the unfair strike insurance pact on grounds that it prolongs disputes. IAM District 64, Cranston, R.I., offered the resolution that the convention adopted, Joseph Kane, directing rep, reports. Flexible hours Office and clerical employees of Eastern Provincial Airways, Gander, Nfld., members < of IAM Local 1763, are in the midst of a threemonth experiment with a flexible hours system. The company and the union worked it out. Each seven-and-a-half-hcur day includes four hours of "core time," from 9:30 to 11:30 a.m. and from 1:30 to 3:30 p.m. when they must be on the job. In the remaining 3Vz hours of flexible time between 7:30 a.m. and 6:30 p.m. they can adjust their time as they want. They can also bank orjborrow four hours each. week, but these must be used or repaid in the same or following week. At the . end of November, results will be analyzed and a decision made whether to keep the system. OCTOBER 3 1 , 1974

Dick Celeste, candidate for Lt. Governor, urges big get-out-the-vote drive for the Gilligan-Glenn slate of candidates.

William IJoIayter. MNPL national director, urged locals to make getting out the vote their mafor effort up through Election Day.


Pledge of allegiance to flag was moving moment at Ohio Council's pre-election


Do you have an extra snapshot in your album of a fishing or hunting scene? We'd like to trade "Bass fishing, is a challenge. one of the illustrated Teeny You're not going to catch a big Nymph fishing flies for one. one every time you go, but just Please include some "why," getting out in the great outdoors, "where," "when" and "how" intrying to catch them, gives satisformation about the snapshot and faction." mail to Union S p o r t s m a n , 47-lb. paddle fish ws&&sssg&simi%& 909 Machinists Bldg., WashingRanging through various areas ton, D.C. 20036. Please indicate 1 of the Mississippi system is the your IAM local number.

It's an 8Vi-pound largemouth, which measured 24 inches from nose to tail. Since joining the Bass Anglers Society of America, I have caught three other bass over seven pounds, and a sixpounder. My friends ask me how I do it and I tell them to keep fishing; read everything they see on the subject and keep trying out different methods, accepting, things that work, rejecting those which do not.

Recently capturing a goodsized paddlefish was John M. Ryan of Grafton, 111. Brother Ryan, assisted by Billy Griesemer, holds the lunker which weighed 47 pounds. It was taken in a trammel net in Swan Lake on May 27, 1974. We're, indebted to Donna Neikink for the photograph and I'm sorry that no one identified the young onlooker at the right. Letters, pictures invited

>. - > .

i ---

IAM Vice President William Winpisinger of Washington! D.C., a native Ohioan, urged big vote turnout as. way to WIN. Shop committeemen of IAM Local 155, Springfield, wore their IAM jackets.

Council's Executive Board met. L to r, seated, Vic Hostetter, vice president; Duane Randolph, president; Clark Johnson, vice president; Phil Zannella, secretary-treasurer; Charles Csonka, vice president; IAM Vice President Fred Purcell and Herma Hiles, vice president. Standing, Tom Buffenbarger, legislative agent; IAM Vice President William Winpisinger, John A. McAdam, vice president, and Grand Lodge Rep. Don Wharton. Dave Patterson and Herman Sloan, vice presidents, couldn't be present.
... . . . i , , , i Daytona Beach Photo

Miss Union Maid, Mary Hufhe, keeps a rein on her pet penguin. Keep control of your budget with quality-made union goods. OCTOBER 31, 1974TH E MACHINIST PAGE 5


Oatmeal cake's frosting is broiled-on

By Sidney Margolius
As you know, it's not the price per pound but the cost of the lean that counts. We've brought up to date the comparative costs of three ounces of lean from various meats, fish and- poultry. (Three ounces of lean is considered a nutritionallyadequate serving.) As you can see in the accompanying table, this fall you may spend anywhere from 24 cents to $1.24 for three ounces of lean from various meats. Prices in your own neighborhood or even in a specific store may vary and, of course, will change from week to week. The relative costs even may be changed by specials. Thus, while the average price of beef chuck bone-in was 96 cents when we checked, some stores offered it on sale at 65 to 89 cents. Usually, however, the relative values of adjacent items don't change drastically within a period of weeks. In any case, as prices change you can update the list of relative values by using percentages of a pound of meat needed to yield three ounces of lean, while for turkey you need only 40% of a pound, and hamburger about a quarter of a pound. It's interesting to see the changes in values since last fall. The big change has been in turkey, which went from fifth place to close to the top of the best-buy list with ground beef or hamburger. Broilers also are cheaper. But's its revealing to see that while broilers have dropped 10 cents a pound, processors and stores are charging relatively more for chicken breasts. They've come down only 5 cents. The comparison, also reveals interesting pricing strategy on beef cuts. Chuck has come down sharply and is a real price leader. But round and rump have been reduced only a little, even with the temporarily larger supplies of beef, while sirloin, according to our price lists, has gone up. In pork, too, retailers appear to be charging disproportionately more for convenience luxury cuts than for the basic cuts. Pork in general is cheaper recently. But you pay almost 50% more for loin chops than for a loin roast. In one city we checked, you could pay anywhere from, 95 cents to $1.49 for loin roast. The biggest change has been in the sharp reduction on whole hams. These have become the best value in pork cuts in the cost of-the lean. As in beef, there are big variations among stores. The current reductions on meat prices may only be temporary. It may pay to put away some of the cheaper specials against the time when winter storms disrupt shipments and push up prices. Lunch Box readers show their neighborliness again. In response to a letter from Mrs. Lynn Etter, St. Louis, Mo., 137 good cooks sent in their recipe for oatmeal cake with a broiled-on frosting. Mrs. W. K. Edgell, Goodyear, Ariz., comments that this cake freezes well. Mrs. Edward Priest, Lafayette, Ind., compares it to German chocolate cake, which is more expensive. Oatmeal cake
VA cups boiling: water 1 cup quick oats M e cup butter or margarine 1 cap snear 1 cup brown sugar, firmly packed 1 tsp. vanilla 2 eggs cnps flour t tsp. soda Vz tsp. salt % tsp. cinnamon J /i tsp. nutmeg

For cake, pour boiling water over oats; cover and let stand 20 . Ground beef Beef liver . " _<-..; min. Beat batter until creamy, " Turkey, whole ,"'_.. gradually add sugars and beat Broilers >; until fluffy. Blend in vanilla and , Perch fillets, frozen eggs. Add oat mix. Add flour and H a m , ' w h o l e . .. Chicken breasts -',dry ingredients. Bake in wellPork .picnic- ,-'" > greased 9-inch square pan in preHaddock fillet, frozen * heated oven at 350 F. for 50 Beef chuck, bone in to 55 minutes. Pork loin roast 1 , Rump of .beef~ ; \ " " " Round steak .'-'.'".- . Topping ' Pork chops, center ., % cnp batter Sirloin s t e a k , ;,,., '-\. v Vz cap brown sugar 3 tbsp. half and half (or conRib roast of beef ? : densed milk) Veal ciitfefe : . !' % cnp chopped nutmeats. Lamb chops, loin '; _ r , . , , , . , . ,- , . - ^ , ..,-,. % cup shredded coconut Percentage "deHveot-'from' U:S.:. 'Agriculture ,- iJ^ortniewffitait^-lpfces^"^nS'Sor3/if different? {<i "A -areos' ana at'different Ai7nes.^i ^,./--', '1-,.- \ ':";v,/.',',' ci-. ^ v \ "\VW"-v>^-'' ^ '"**' '?>,'l<^<~^'^'-?'*'?ii''&:'t ''''-'J^ i ^ ' ^ Combine ingredients in kettle ** and heat over medium flame until butter and sugar are melted. Spread on cake while it is warm and put cake under broiler until topping starts to bubble. Recipe wanted: Mrs. Ray Krusmark, Millville, Minn., would like a recipe for cracklin' cookies. Write: Lunch Box, 909 Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20036.

Many of you may have heard over the years that land contracts should be avoided in buying property. They were often considered the last resort of a desperate buyer and an equally desperate seller. But now, when a home is almost impossible to finance in many parts of the country, you might want to think a little more about a land contract and talk it over with some knowledgeable lawyer in your community. Land contracts have been con-

sidered bad medicine for buyers because of their usual provisions for forfeiture if a person missed a payment. Land "contracts have been used to buy property on a long-term contract rather than take immediate title with a down payment and a traditional mortgage. . For example, an owner might contract with a buyer for monthly payments over a long term, with specified interest and conditions of occupancy. The title to the land would remain with the

original owner until the contract itself was discharged.




In the developing law of American property, where the buyer was traditionally treated at a disadvantage, land owners' lawyers wrote in provisions that upon failure to meet any payIf a person bought' property ment, the owner could terminate with a down payment and a the entire contract. The buyer mortgage, and then failed to meet would lose every penny paid to his mortgage payments, any forethat point. Lawyers often wrote closure would at least give him in language that "time was of the credit for his equity in the propessence" in the contract; which erty. For many years, then, lawmeant that a late payment vio- yers, real estate people, and lated the time-rule and thus justi- potential home buyers treated the fied the forfeiture. ' terms "land contract" as dirty words. Courts, treating land contracts differently from m o r t g a g e s , The harshness of the forfeiture looked at the strict words of the provisions, however, began to run document and would- often en- into increasing difficulty in the force these clauses. But the mere courts. Judges began to look at threat of losing everything paid technicalities raised by able lawon a piece of land was enough to yers for land contract purchasers shake the will of even the most to try to find ways to avoid the confident. A purchaser would- unfairness of losing all that had -<$> been paid. If a seller accepted even one late payment by as much as a day, a sympathetic judge might pounce on that as a This question, from an 1AM waiver of the "time is of the member, has been answered by essence" clause. Social Security: More and more, courts began QuestionI worked for the to find out what was fair and railroad for nine years before I just. quit and took a job that's covered Not long ago, the Supreme by Social Security. I've held that Court of California, always one job for 30 years and soon I'll be of the most enlightened state retiring. Will I get both a railroad courts in the nation, if not the retirement annuity and Social most outstanding tribunal of Security benefits? them all, handed down a new ruling on land contracts that may Answer: Since you worked for dealt a heavy blow to all the railroad for less than 10 have the old forfeiture provisions of years, you will not be eligible for the past decades. a railroad retirement annuity. Your work for the railroad will . Because this ruling is so imbe combined- with your work portant and because a land conundpr Social, Security to figure tract may. be. useful in the future, your Social Security benefits. .we will.discuss-the subject again.

usually have to be in desperate straits before he would agree to a land contract that could wipe him out after one late payment. Land contracts thus fell into practical disfavor and p e o p l e ' avoided them wherever possible.

Kitty Calipers1 latest pattern

Delight youngsters with this plumply padded TV turtle. Use scraps, the brighter the better. Pattern 504: Pattern pieces, directions for 15Vi x 19V2-inch cushion. Send 75 cents to Kitty Calipers, Needlecraft Dept., 232 W. 18th St., New York, N.Y. 10011. Add 25 cents for first-class mail and special handling.'. > '

For SaleReal Estate For SaleBooks %-ACRE LOT, in Little Chassauitza, INCOMPLETE CORRESPONDENT Fla., clear on canal, front and rear, COURSES, CREI advanced elecspring fed, no outlet off state roac tronics, 13 books in ring binders 19; $5,500, $800 down, balance $39 $15: ICS electrical engineering, 27 monthly P. DeStasio, IAM Local small books, $15. H. Stowell, IAM 1987, Rt. 4, Box 187, Inverness, Fla. Local 331, P.O. Box 105, Albuquei-T 32650. que. N.M. 87103. Any IAM member can-adCITY LOT, very desirable, all utils vertise tools or other personal For SaleMiscellaneous avail, good cond,., 55 x 100 feet: reasonable. M. Coleman. IAM Local 212, property. Ads cannot be accepted ANTIQUE POCKET WATCH, 1882 B 526 Haddon Ave., Cumberland. JVtd. for rentals, personal services or W. Raymond Elgin model, hi-stem 21502. hunting case, fine running cond.; $45 sidelines, or firearms and amR. Davis, IAM Local 727, 6112 Cas< RECREATION SITE or retirement munition. home site at Ocean Shores Estates, ~Ave., North Hollywood, Calif. 91606. on Wash, coast. 2 blocks to ocean, 2 AUBURN WIRE WHEELS, tires view possible; bargain at $4,950. M, Print or type wording on and front hubs with KO caps; besl Short, IA MLocal 751. 10835 31st St. offer over $50 (1930). H. La Mott, a separate sheet of paper in S.W . Seattle. Wash. 98146. IAM Local 1781. 352 San Rey Ave FLORIDA, WOODED LOT, 100 x 150, Millbrae. Calif. 94030. high and dry, just out of city limits 30 words or less 5 DIONNE QUINTS TEASPOONS, of Deland, Fla., near Disneyland, 17 girl and her name on each handle miles from Daytona; $3,500. Betty including your name, complete Carlton silver plate; show little Kendrich, IAM Local 792, 1504 Edgewear: make offer. T. Furman, IAM wood Dr., Lebanon, Tenn. 37087. address and lodge number. Send Local 1600, Rt.'2, Box 74, Westville, ad with the mailing label from Okla. 74965. GROOM BRICK HOUSE, ranch style, all appliances, with fully finished the front of this paper. GUITAR, by Fender, Coronada, w i t basement and playroom, fireplace, case, $300; Fender electric piano. - 73 wall mirrors, barbecue, garage; neai key model, 72. $500. V. Drake. IAM Allow three to four weeks " Local 906. 2090 S. Baker, Santa Ana both New. York airports. N. Sardo IAM Local 1018, 3357 Fifth St. between the posting of letters Calif. 92707. Oceanside. N.Y. 11572. and receipt of your ad by our HEARING AID GLASSES, by Beltone, FLORIDA PROPERTY, Central Fla., Tempo-binaural two-ear hearing readers. We recommend you set 300 feet from Indian River, beautifu aide, only worn two months; cost a price in your ad. building- lot, cleared, sodded, ideal $300, will sell $150. J. Bilder, IAM Local 701, 10317 S. Cicero, Apt. 206, for retiree; will sell for cash or terms. J Manuel, IAM Local 773, Address all ads to: Swap Oaklawn. III. 60453. 1136 Clarissa PI., Melbourne, Fla. Shop, 909 Machinists Bldg., ORIENTAL SERVING SPOONS, hand32935. painted, collector's set of six, 5-inch, Washington, D.C. 20036. No ad made from porcelain, $8; set of 12 200 ACRES in Hanksville, UtahButch will be published unless the Cassidy countrygood farm land, miniature glass animals, $3.50, (sold as sets only). M. Stockdale. IAM good home, good machinery: $227,mailing label is enclosed. Local 1528, 2713 Campbell La. 000. N. Nelson, IAM Local 2261. 3207 Modesto. Calif. 95350. S. 3690 W., Salt Lake City, Utah For SaleTools 84120. ' METAL DETECTOR, by Gardner, lik< new; oost $250. sell for $210; with 2-FAMILY BRICK HOUSE, in Bronx, TOOLS, Heliose, 6-inch vernier caliN.Y., off Allerton Ave., alj-modern instructions and good batteries, nice Goodell-Pratt Co. 1-inch mike, ers, case. H. Giles. IAM Local 735. 5107 garage, basement: must sell. J. tarrett protractor head, 3-inch and Wiener, IAM Local 434, 2715 Young Dakota Ave., Nashville. Tenn. 37209. 6-inch Starrett dividers, 6-inch Ave., Bronx. N.Y. 10469. hermaphrodite dividers, Starrett, all POCKETBOOKS for little girls, they in good cond., $25; also, commercial are bassinets with a little doll in Wanted type adding machine. $25. J. BHteach: $2. D. Royer. IAM Local 2394, stein, IAM Local 727, 1315 N. Lincoln Rt. 2, Middleburg. Pa. 17842. I960 MERCEDES BENZ SHOP MANSt., Burbank, Calif. 91506. GOLF BAG & CLUBS, $50; new blue UAL -wanted for 180 diesel. P. Padugreen pole lamp, $12; rocking horse, ani, IAM Local 1186. 14303 Orchard For Sale-^-Automotive $12. D. Waskiewicz, IAM Local 701 Ave.. Gardena. Calif. 90247. 5956 S. Normandy Ave., Chicago, 111 1959 ENGLISH FOBD 4-door, extra 1966 PONTIAC MOTOR MANUAL 60638. clean, little rust, rebuilt eng., new wanted, also a book written by tires, brakes, wheel cylinders; runs DOLLS, "Story Book" dolls, $8 each, Helen Weatherman, "Colored Glassgood; $350. C. McNeely, IAM Local 6 "Composition" dolls, $25 to $35 ware of the 20's and 30's." R. Mc702, 5380 N.W. 174th Dr., Opa Locka, each: "Alex" hard plastic doll. $25 Caw. IAM Local 751, 12222 S.E. 270th, Fla. 33054. '(must pay postage). H. Houchin, Kent. Wash. 98031. IAM Local 681, 817 Camden Ave., FUEL PUMP, new, $3.50 plus postage; SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS FOR ORLouisville. Ky. 40215. Carter carburetor, used, $2.50; both GAN wanted, Thomas electric organ for slant-six Dodge, Plymouth, 1961- JAPANESE OFFICER'S SWORD with only, concert serenade, Model VL-2. 68. F. Mark, IAM Local 1639, 410 E. dagger and scabbards, good cond.; C. Janovsky, IAM Local 1987. 21 Wyoming Ave., New Port Richey, $200. K. Martin, IAM Local 299, RR Marlboro Dr., Huntington, L.I., N.Y, Fla. 33552. 4. Indianola. Iowa 50125. 11743. PISTON RINGS for Ford models, 1963- 16MM SOUND-MOVIE EQUIPMENT, CLOCKS & WATCHES wanted 74, 289, 302, 351 engines, 4-inch bore, Paillard variotimer converter and OLD in repairable cond. M. Inlow, IAM $12; motor overhaul gasket kit for control unit; Walder trainmaster, Local 2230. 569 Corralitos Rd., Wat1963-67 Ford-Mercury, 260-289 cu. in., Absolimiter; Sylvania 30v Sungun sonville, Calif. 95076. $12 postpaid. J. Wolak, IAM Local rechargeable battery pack; Zeiss 2310, 1 Elmwood Ave., Torkville, moviescope editor. R. Hinde. IAM TELEPHOTO LENS wanted for Argus N.Y. 13495. Local 1101. 3' Cielo Dr.. Scotts Valley, C-3 camera, in godo cond. Rev. P. Calif. 95066 Huisman. IAM Local 1418, Box 36, 1951 CHEVROLET MOTOR for 6-cyl., East Palmyra, N.Y. 14444 complete with cylinder head manifold starter and generator, motor For SaleReal Estate GAS REFRIGERATOR REPAIR MANcompletely overhauled, new parts UAL wanted for Servel model. M. and reground shaft; also, one 1949 l-ACRE LOT, in Rio Rancho Estates, Inlow, IAM Local 2230, 569 Corralitos Chevy cylinder with valves; offer G. outside Albuequerque, N.M., fastRd., Corralitos, Calif. 95076. . Meyer. IAM Local 701. 1919 Pheasant growing area; market value $6,500, Ave.. Twin Lakes, Wis. 53181. sell for $5,000. L. Dickson, IAM Lo- MARTIN GUITAR wanted, used D-45 flat top guitar, with case; state askcal 727, 4302 West Ave., L-4, Lan4 TIRES, 9.00 x 16. 10-ply. non-direccaster, Calif. 93534. ing price. W. Kenyon, IAM Local tional threads, with tubes, low mile1580, Box 4, Genesee, Pa. 16923. age; $100 for all. L. Fuselier, IAM Vt ACRES in Hidden Valley Estates, Local 15. 217 Treasure Dr., Houston, 6 miles from Maricopa, Ariz.; 36 mi. VARITYPER EQUIPMENT wanted, Tex. 77022. to Phoenix; $5,000 cash or pay send all information, details and equity and take over payments of price to H. Bellinger, IAM Local 1970 FORD MAVERICK 2-dr., 6-cyl., $54.67 per month. G. Curry, IAM 837, 2433 Iowa Ave., Granite City, auto, trans.; ex. cond. E. Blazina, Local 1357, 620 Rocalla Ave., Ajo, 111. 62040. IAM Local 48. 5328 "W. Byron St., Ariz. 85321. Chicago. 111. 60641. I 4-INCH BRASS SHADE HOLDERS wanted for gas light gixtures, also -BEDRM. YELLOW-BRICK HOUSE 1937 CHEVY 2-dr. sedan, running, regas fixtures. H. DeGarde, IAM Local and sandstone, one acre, fruit trees, storable cond.. all orig.. new wiring: 2189, RD 1, Otisville, N.Y. 10963. water, central air, built-in kitchen, pictures, best offer, deliver anycarpet, full basement, 10 x 20 out- ;HROME SIDE HOOD VENT wanted where. K. Black, IAM Local 709, building; out of town: $22,600. J. Gen. Del., Adairsville, Ga. 30103 for 1940 Packard 120, will pay top Saunders, IAM Local 554, RR 1, Box price for good chrome, also need left 371. Marion. Ohio 62959. rear fender for 4-dr. sedan 120. R. For SaleBooks Pinner, IAM Loca 11128. 203 Seminole LOTS, 80 x 105, in Deltona, Fla., Rd.. St. Marys. Ga. 31558. AMERICAN RIFLEMAN MAGAZINE, near beautiful Lake Monroe and April 1958 to September 1974. $20 or community center: $4,495 each or .972 FORD MAVERICK owners' manwill trade for Wisconsin property offer.' M.- Puhr. IAM- Local 622. Davis ual wanted, 6-cyl.. 2-dr. model. N. or build for you. R. Fevoir, IAM Dam Route 103. Bullhead City. Ariz. Popsuy, IAM Local 1445, 110 HardenLocal 34. Kenosha, Wis. 53140. 86430. burg La., East Brunswick. N.J. 08816. BASEBALL CARDS wanted from 1948 to 1956, fair to ex. cond.: send player lists and selling price. J. Romano, IAM Local 447, 15 Willard Ave., Mt. Vernon, N.Y. 10533. ED SEAT FOR 1974 DODGE MAXI WAGON VAN wanted, also both front fenders for 1966 Pontiac Catalina 2-dr. hardtop; write, cond. and price. T. Naylor, IAM Local 701, 12 50th Ave., Bellwood, 111. 60104. .930 MODEL A TUBULAR SHOCK LINKS wanted, also dome light, duo light, tail light; condition and price, please. J. Murphy, IAM Local 2227, 3388 St. Marys PI., Santa Clara, Calif. 95051. PARK IGNITION MODEL AIRPLANE WANTED, any brand, condition, any engine part, also old freeflight model airplane kits. C. White, IAM Local 1282, 396 Wesley Ave., Eiyria, Ohio 44035. DISHES, B Y HOMER LAUGHLIN, wanted, E 53 NB; this is a Penn. Dutch or Quaker and not antique. C. Adams, IAM Local 289, 604 N.E. 165th. Apt. 111. Seattle, Wash. 98155. CIENCE FICTION BOOKS wanted, send titles to R. Grunert, IAM Local 34, 4722 42nd Ave., Kenosha, Wis. 53140. MILITARY MEMORABILIA wanted, war medals, flags, uniforms, American, British. German, Russian for any wars. J. Westburg, IAM Local 737, 39 Imperial Dr., W. St. Paul, Minn. 55118. 961 L I N C O L N CONTINENTAL SERVICE MANUAL wanted A. Friedmann, "IAM Local 447, 658 Grand Ave.. Maywood, N.J. 07607. /f/JAf LASTIC CAR MODELS wanted. 1/ 25th and l/25th scale: El Cammos, except 1959 and 1965; Chargers, except 1967: all racers; $3 each: must be in original boxes, unbuilt. G. "Don't take it so hard, sir. It was inevitable that sooner Geiger, IAM Local 2066, 10500 W. or later you'd be wrong and I'd be right." Loomis Rd.,. Franklin, Wis. 53132.

Rules for submitting ads

The mailing label on the front page of this paper entitles any IAM member to advertise in these columns without charge.

Grand Lodge Rep. Warren Hoffman

Grand Lodge Rep. Warren Hoffman of IAM Local 1064, Athens, Pa., died in his sleep recently at the age of 60, Grand Lodge Rep. Gerald Page reports. Hoffman began his IAM career when he was a machinist at Ingersoll Rand Corp., Athens. While employed there, he joined IAM Local 1064 in 1942. He was an active trade union member, serving five years as president of Local 1064 and later serving three years as president of IAM District 58 at Elmira, N.Y. Hoffman was appointed an IAM Special Rep. in 1955. Since then, he has been assigned to organizing and servicing IAM members 'in Allentown and Philadelphia, Pa., and New Haven and East Hartford, Conn. Most recently, he has been assigned to organizing in the Providence, R.I., area. Hoffman has also been serving as the tool & die coordinator for the Northeast territory. IAM Vice President Sal Iaccio of New York City called Hoffman's death "a great loss, not only to the IAM, but to the many . workers whose working conditions and lives were improved through his efforts." Hoffman is survived by his wife, Margaret, two daughters and one son.

G. Licht, Wisconsin machinist

Gus Licht, long-time secretary-treasurer for IAM Local 1406, Madison, Wis., died Oct. 9 after a long illness. He was 70. Vernon Zitlow, union rep for Local 1406, explains that Licht resigned as the local's secretarytreasurer just one week before his death. He had held that important post for more than 22 years. A native of Germany, Licht was initiated into Local 1406 in 1942 after he helped to organize the machine shop where he worked. For many years, he was a shop committeeman at the Howard Welding & Machine Co. and at the Ohio Medical Products Co. An active trade unionist, Licht represented his fellow IAM members for nearly 20 years as delegate to the Wisconsin Federation of Labor, the Wisconsin State Council of Machinists^ and to every Grand Lodge Convention since 1956. In addition, he had been a delegate to the Wisconsin' State AFL-CIO since 1966. He is survived by his wife, Alvina, three daughters and a son. Letters of condolence may be sent to his family at 3012 Union St., Madison, Wis. 53704.

tribution raised from $10 to $12. Lockheed will match half an employee's savings, beginning Jan. 1,1975.

from page I


$7.81 an hour. Those rates do not include any cost-of-living adjustments between now and 1976. IAM Vice President Robert DentalThe company will increase its contribution by an ad- Simpson of Los Angeles, the unditional 1$ an hour for each ion's aerospace chairman, headed worker. Union and management the IAM negotiating committee negotiators will decide which in the final days of the Lockheed benefits can be improved or talks. Other members included Jim Quillin, District 727; Reeves added. (Bud) Bowen, Local 709; Ken Shift differentialThe bonus Benda, Local 508; and Grand for ^swing-shift work is now 250 Lodge Reps. Chuck Jones, Jim an hour, instead of the old 18^. Todhunter and Scott Walters. At presstime, S i m p s o n had Jones adds that substantial improvements were also made in joined the IAM negotiating comseniority, the grievance proce- mittee at McDonnell Douglas dures and job upgradings and re- Corporation's California facilities. They and their counterparts classifications. from the UAW were trying to In 1976, after all scheduled reach agreement with Douglas wage increases, the rate range for before a contract termination production and maintenance date scheduled for midnight, workers will range from $5.21 to Oct. 27.

When you move, notify your IAM local financial officer. Also use this form to change your address for THE MACHINIST. Attach label on page 1. Non-members may subscribe to THE MACHINIST by mailing this form with $4 per year. -
New Address City

new subscription




IAM Card No.

IAM Local No.

Mail t o : General Secretary-Treasurer 604 Machinists Bldg., Washington. D.C. 20036



OCTOBER 3 1 , 1974

GOP's growing image: high prices/low wages

As if they didn't have enough trouble already, some Republican leaders in Congress are allowing themselves to be sucked into the service of the so-called Right-to-Work-for-Less movement. Signing himself as "Republican Minority Leader, U.S. House of Representatives", Rep. John J. Rhodes of Arizona has written to thousands of members of his party urging them to contribute to this questionable cause. The letterhead uses the House of Representatives Zip code, but an enclosed self-addressed envelope ' is addressed directly to the National Right-to-Work-for-Less Committee. President Ford's.successor as Republican Leader in the House of Representatives cites an "order" by AFL-CIO President George Meany that no effort be spared by union officers in the drive to elect a ^ veto-proof Congress. Rhodes claims that a veto-proof Congress would promptly repeal that section of the anti-union Taft-Hartley Act (14b) which permits states to outlaw union security agreements between unions and management. A few other GOP leaders are letting themselves be used in this effort to insure everyone's right to work for less than union wage rates at worse than union conditions. Sen. Jesse Helms (R, N.C.), Sen. Edward J. Gumey (R, Fla.), Rep. Steven D. Symms (R, Idaho) and Rep. Sam Steiger (R, Ariz.) have signed similar fund raisers in this campaign year. This misguided effort undoubtedly diverts campaign contributions that otherwise would go directly to GOP candidates and it reinforces the public conviction that the Republican Party is the party of big businessand nothing more. . GOP candidates already are suffering from their party's image as the party for high prices. Now, by identifying with the Right-toWork-for-Less movement, they invite the label as the party for low wages. Some union members are saying that they already earned that label with the kind of wage and price controls we have suffered during the past three years. Short term, a so-called stabilization program that restricts wages but not prices leads to record-breaking profits as do so-called Right-to-Work-for-Less laws. Long term, both unfair programs lead us into a recession or, perhaps, By Dr. Thomas F. Maneuso amount of these chemicals were in the air during your work exposure. much worse. An IAM member from Ohio writes: It is difficult, therefore, to determine what speThe fact remains that this country cannot enjoy prosperity "We work in a factory that laminates vinyl to parcific chemicals or combination of solvent exunless workers have enough purchasing power to buy the goods ticle boards. We clean these boards. Two years in a posures at work brought about the sequence of row I had to go to the hospital. They took two produced by our mass production industries. symptoms you described. The symptoms of a heart women, one next to me, and one doing my job when , attack are particularly difficult. One possibility is I was absentto the hospital, with symptoms of Understandably, most union members, vote for those candidates methylene chloride. heart attack. When we had to wash the parts in for public office who see purchasing power, not profits, as the key methylene chloride, we would get dizzy. Some fainted on the night shift and one girl had to be taken to to a prosperous country. A report of symptoms which occurred following the hospital. I was dizzy, saw double, eyes felt as if exposure to this chemical included pain around the they were dry sockets, terrible headaches, felt as if heart, attacks of rapid beating, rapid and weak it would burstwas so tired I could hardly go, and pulse, and labored breathing. Taken all together, my muscles hurt" this has the appearance of a heart attack. We've heard so much about relief and welfare chiselers that a The fact that you and several other women had The irritation of the eyes, nose and throat could recent report from the Senate Committee on Nutrition and Human to go to the hospital, all of you doing the same be due to formaldehyde exposure. The fact that type of work, in the same work area, exposed to Needs comes like a breath of fresh air. The Senators discovered you noticed that the formaldehyde odor was the same chemicals, should have alerted the comthat although 35 million Americans could qualify for food stamps, pany and the doctors that something was seriously stronger on a Monday morning, when the workonly 20 million are using the program. ' place had been closed up over the weekend, and wrong. that your symptoms were more marked then, supAccording to the Community Nutrition Institute, many AmerIt is highly probable that the company did not ports the theory of formaldehyde. icans don't know about food stamps and don't take the time to know the potential toxic effects of the chemicals The recognition of an occupational illness could find out; others don't want food stamps because of the stigma of it was using. Not knowing, the company did not very well be missed since these symptoms are inform the workers of these toxic effects, nor inwelfare attached to them. similar to illnesses of non-occupational origin. The stall the necessary control measures. As a consedoctor needs to know whether the same health Under the program, a person with no income could receive quence the workers have paid with illness. effects are occurring among other workers at the stamps, at no cost, entitling him to buy $46 worth of groceries It is for this reason that the initial recognition same place. Find this out before you see the a month. Persons earning some money must pay a proportion of of occupational illness often depends mainly upon doctor. Tell him what chemicals or materials werethe $46 worth of stamps, with the percentage increasing accord- what the worker knows is happening to himself used at your workplace before you got sick. Insist ing to income. A family of fourearning even more than $8,000 and to his fellow workers. that the company comply with the lawthe. legal standards adopted by OSHA on air contaminants. a yearcould qualify for some stamp benefits. This is a sad state of affairs, because the toxic To find out if you qualify for food stamps, call the local welfare effects should be determined before the work ex// you have a work-related problem, send the posure occurs. Otherwise the effects, are only details in a letter to Dr. Thomas F. Maneuso, THE agency or food stamp office listed in the phone book. recognized after the damage is done. MACHINIST, 909 Machinists Bldg., Washington, D.C. 20036. The fact that you and the other workers developed symptoms on the job indicates that there was excessive concentration of the chemical fumes. The official weakly newspaper of Mia The night shift workers would be exposed to the accumulation of fumes that-occurred"during the International Association, of Machinists . daythat is why the fainting happened at night. and Aerospace Workers Affiliated with AFL-CIO and CLC Your letter illustrates the fact that workers using Machinists Building, 1300 Connecticut Ave., Washington. D.C. 20036 The old-timer says he is waiting to see if solvents are usually not exposed to a single chemiGordon H. Cole. Editor Nelson^ Rockefeller passes his fiscal fitness test. Associates: Jane Stokes, Dean Ruth cal, but to a number of chemicals and therefore, Robert J. Kalaski, Jerry L. Rollings * * to multiple risks. The symptoms and the toxic effects Art Editor: Victor Vasal may be much greater than if one chemical was Published weekly except for the -weeks of New Year's, Independence This week's brain twister: Draw a square and Day, Thanksgiving-, and Christmas. Mailed to every member of the used alone. The company prepared the solvent -divide it into nine smaller squares, 3 by 3. International Association of Machinists in accordance with convention and referendum action. Subscription price to non-members, $4 per year. mixtures for the particular jobs. Since no air Number each square from 1 through 9 so that, Back copies, 20 cents each. sampling was done by the company there is no the numbers add up to 15,in any direction^ Printed in the USA way of determining which chemicals and what (Answer on page 2.) '

Out of balance

Fumes from solvents

Food stamps

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