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IEC vs NEMA

http://www.electrolsystems.com/news/article1/iec-vs-nema.htm

The fight has just begun

The worlds dominant motor control standards are slugging it out, and youve got a ringside seat. In one corner, theres the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) the reigning !.". cham#ion. In the o##osite corner stands the International Electrotechnical $ommission (IE$) % the undis#uted international cham#, loo&ing to e'#and its turf. The fight is a contrast in styles. NEMA is the traditional fighter( large, #owerful, and conservative. IE$, on the other hand, is lean and aggressive. It com)ines small si*e with s#eed and finesse. !ntil now, no one has dared challenge the su#remacy of NEMA in the !.". +or over half a century its mem)ers have single%handedly set the standards for !.". electrical e,ui#ment. -ut no cham#ion can stay on to# forever. Today ma&ers of IE$%a##roved controls are going toe to toe with NEMA, loc&ed in a)out for the American mar&et#lace. .elying on their international e'#erience, these IE$ manufacturers are serious contenders for the !.". motor control title. -ut you )e the /udge. 0hich motor controls % IE$ or NEMA are the ,uic&est, smartest, and toughest against ha*ards that &noc& motors out cold1 +ollow the action and score carefully. The lives of thousands of motors hang in the )alance.

The brand of NEMA motor controls Im using now does the job just fine. And Im sure that other NEMA brands work equally well. hy should I switch to IE! controls"

"maller si*e and more #recise ratings are 2ust two reasons for switching to IE$ motor controls. IE$ devices are an average of 34 to 54 #ercent smaller than their NEMA counter#arts. The si*e difference is most dramatic at or )elow 64 horse#ower (78), where 94 #ercent of the worlds motors are rated. There are two main factors res#onsi)le for this radical si*e difference. +irst, IE$ devices use so#histicated arc ,uenching techni,ues to reduce e'cess

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IEC vs NEMA

http://www.electrolsystems.com/news/article1/iec-vs-nema.htm

heat on the contacts. NEMA devices rely on a greater mass to dissi#ate the heat, resulting in a larger #hysical si*e. "econd, IE$ devices are more #recisely rated than NEMA controls. :oo& down the side%)y%side ratings ta)le shown here and see for yourself. There are only ;4 )asic NEMA contactor si*es for motors ranging from < to =44 78 IE$ manufacturers, however, offer a much greater contactor selection. +or instance, "#recher > "chuh as <4 contactor si*es to cover this same #ower range. The fact is NEMA contactors are often overrated for their actual motor a##lication. Ty#ically the mismatch goes unnoticed, since the NEMA devices a##ear to )e doing the 2o). 0hats overloo&ed, though, is the fact NEMA controls routinely o#erate at far )elow their ca#acity. This discre#ancy costs users )oth money and control #anel s#ace. #$recher%#chuh !ontactor #eries Ma&imum '( ) *+, -olts NEMA !ontactor #i.es

6 $A3%= < $A3%;< 5? ;4 $A3%;A 6 $A3%<3A $A3%<3 ;4 ;6 @ ; 4 @ 44

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IEC vs NEMA

http://www.electrolsystems.com/news/article1/iec-vs-nema.htm

;4 $A3%34 $A3%35 <4 <6 34 $A3%B3 <6 $A3%A4 $A3%5< B4 64 A4 $A;%66 64 $A;%A4 $A;%;44 $A;%;64 $A;%<64 $A;%B94 56 ;44 ;64 <44 364 644 $A;%A34 B44 $A;%944 $A;%;444 $A;%;<64 544 944 =44 5 @ 9 A @ B @ 6 @ 3 @ @ < @ @

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IEC vs NEMA

http://www.electrolsystems.com/news/article1/iec-vs-nema.htm

Shown here is a Sprecher + Schuh CA3-16 contactor. The dotted line shows the dimensions of an equivalently rated !"A device.

hat are the leading causes of motor .ecently the Electrical .esearch failure" Association studied more than =,444 damaged motors. +rom this sam#le, the grou# was a)le to identify the leading causes of motor failure. These causes are shown in #ro%#ortion on the #ie chart(

The leadin# causes of motor failure$ as determined %y the !lectrical &esearch Association.

Notice only ;4 #ercent of the motors studied died as a result of old age. An astounding BB #ercent of the failures can )e directly attri)uted to thermal overload or single%#hase conditions. IE$ technology directly addresses these issues. IE$ overload relays shut down motors twice as fast as standard NEMA controls. 8lus, IE$ devices detect single%#hase conditions and ,uic&ly shut down your motors in the event of this ha*ard.

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IEC vs NEMA

http://www.electrolsystems.com/news/article1/iec-vs-nema.htm

In terms of motor control/ whats the Todays T%+rame motors are smaller basic difference between T0frame and and less e'#ensive than older !%+rame 10frame motors" models. 7owever, T%+rame motors also have a lower tolerance for thermal overload since theyre )uilt with less co##er and steel. $onse,uently, the overload relays used on T%+rame motors must have a faster res#onse time than those used on !%+rames. A##lying that added #rotection is a must if you want to get the most life from these new motors. Most manufacturers rate the life e'#ectancy of a T%+rame motor at <6 years. 7owever, they will also tell you that each occurrence of a ten degree centigrade increase a)ove the motors insulation rating will cut that motors life in half. NEMA controls were designed for use with !%frame motors and have sim#ly )een ada#ted to T%frame motors. IE$ controls are engineered s#ecifically for use with todays advanced motors, )ut can also )e used with the older !%frames.

'ow quickly do IE! o2erload relays IE$ overload relays are all $lass ;4 tri$ under ha.ardous conditions" devices. They will tri# in ;4 seconds or hat about nuisance tri$$ing" less under a loc&ed rotor condition (A ' +:A). "tandard NEMA devices are $lass. <4C they tri# in <4 seconds or less after the onset of loc&ed rotor. 0hile a <4 second res#onse time may

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IEC vs NEMA

http://www.electrolsystems.com/news/article1/iec-vs-nema.htm

#revent a fire, it wont save a T%frame motor from a costly rewind following a loc&ed rotor. An IE$ overload relay will tri# the motor )efore damage occurs. A common misconce#tion is $lass ;4 devices tri# motors unnecessarily es#ecially during start u# and restarts. This #henomenon is &nown as Dnuisance tri##ing.D 0hile nuisance tri##ing might occur in some s#ecially designed motors, an IE$ overload relay will almost never tri# a motor unless theres a fault. And as for starting, virtually all motors come u# to s#eed well )efore the IE%second tri##ing time of an IE$ device.

!an ambient tem$erature affect the tri$$ing time of an o2erload relay" Is there a way to com$ensate for ambient tem$erature changes"

Am)ient tem#eratures can greatly affect the tri##ing time of an overload relay. $ooler tem#eratures increase tri##ing times, while warmer tem#eratures decrease tri##ing times. Most NEMA overload relays have no #rovision for am)ient tem#erature com#ensation. 0hile some are e,ui##ed with manual com#ensation, they still cannot react to changing tem#eratures without constant read2ustment. In either case, users often install larger heaters in warm weather to com)at nuisance tri##ing. 0ith the larger heaters, however, its easy to see how a $lass <4 devices tri# time could stretch well )eyond <4 seconds on a cool morning. Most IE$ devices are e,ui##ed with automatic am)ient tem#erature com#ensation, allowing them to continually monitor and ad2ust to surrounding tem#eratures. As a result,

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IEC vs NEMA

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tri# times remain constant regardless of conditions.

'ow do IE! o2erload relays $rotect "ingle #hasing occurs when #ower is against single $hasing" lost in one of the three legs su##lying a motor. Instantly the current through the two remaining #hases 2um#s significantly. !nless #rom#tly disconnected, the two #owered windings can soon )e destroyed from over%current. IE$ overload relays detect single #hasing and react )efore motors can )e damaged. The )imetal stri#s in these devices monitor the current drawn through each of the three #hases, )ending a #ro#ortionate distance. If a #hase is lost, the )imetal stri# will straighten and, using a dou)le slide%)ar ri##ing mechanism, instantly disconnect the motor from #ower.

ormal operation$ with all phases deliverin# current. The three %imetal strips %end equal distances$ movin# the two slide %ars and the trippin# lever proportionately.

Sin#le-phase condition$ with %imetal strip '3 strai#ht (cold) due to loss of current. This has caused slide %ar ** to move to the ri#ht$ acceleratin# the movement of the trippin# lever and openin# the contacts.

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IEC vs NEMA

http://www.electrolsystems.com/news/article1/iec-vs-nema.htm

Is the selection $rocess for IE! "elections of IE$ contactors are )ased de2ices com$licated" on running current, motor a##lication, and re,uired contact life. Everload relay selection is )ased on full load current. It ta&es a little more effort, )ut results in #erfectly matched motor control. At least one IE$ manufacturer has made the selection #rocess easier, however. "#recher > "chuhs entire line of IE$ contactors and overload relays carry NEMA%e,uivalent si*es, including fractional si*es for controls rated )etween )asic NEMA si*es. Foure guaranteed a #erfect fit no matter which method you use. As the )ell ends the final round, its time to ta&e a loo& at your scorecard. -e sure and #ay s#ecial attention to how you scored those im#ortant rounds li&e tri##ing s#eed, si*e, arc ,uenching, and motor #rotection. The )attle was well fought )y )oth IE$ and NEMA, )ut now a decision must )e reached. Is the challenger worthy of your )usiness, or should you go with the esta)lished cham#ion1 Foure the 2udgeC its your call. The fate of your motors awaits your decision.

For further information, contact:

Electrol Systems, Inc.


;4A<3 "entinel Grive "an Antonio, Te'as 59<;5 8hone( (<;4) 6==%AB96 +a'( (<;4) 6==%AB95 E%mail: sales&electrolsystems.com

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