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YUWAM ARITHMETIC

INDORE

T IM E & W O RK

v A , Band C undertake to complete a piece of work for Rs. 1,950. A works for 8 days,
B for 9 days and C for 12 days to complete the work. If their daily wages are in the
ratio of 3 :5:4, what does C get?

(A) Rs. 400 (B) Rs. 750 (C) Rs. 675 (C) Rs. 800

v A is thrice as good a workman as B. A can finish a piece of work in 40 days less than
B. ln how many days will they together be able to do the work?

(A) 12 days (B) 15 days (C ) 18 days (D ) 20 days

v Two pipes A and B can separately fill a tank in 6 hours and 8 hours respectively. Both
the pipes are opened together, but 2% hours after the start, the pipe B is turned off.
How much time will it take to fill the tank?

(A) 42 hours (B) 44 hours (C) 48 hours (D) 44 hours

v Two taps A and B can fill a cistern in 30 minute and 45 minute respectively. There is
third exhaust tap C at the bottom of the tank. If all the taps are opened at the same
time the cistern will be full in 45 minute. In what time can exhaust tap C empty the"
cistern when full?

(A) 10 min (B) 15 min (C) ;18 min (D) 20 min

v Two taps can separately fill a cistern in 10 minute and 15 minute respectively and when
the waste pipe is open, they can together fill it in 18 minute. The waste pipe can empty
the full cistern in minute:

(A) 7 min (B) 8 min (C) 9 min (D) 10 min

v Two taps A and B can separately fill a cistern in 8 hours and 12 hours respectively. In
what time will the cistern be full if both the taps are opened together?

(A) 45 hours (B) 45 hours (C) 42 hours (D) 4 hours

v Two taps A and B can separately fill a cistern in 24 minute and 30 minute respectively.
Both the pipes are opened together. Find when the pipe B must be turned off so that
the cistern may be full in 18 minute.

(A) 6%min (B) 6!min (C) 7 min (D) 7~ min

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YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v A tap can fill a cistern in 12 min. while another tap B can empty it is 8 minute. The
pipe A is kept open for 6 minute in the beginning and the second pipe B is also
opened. In what time will the cistern be emptied?

(A) 6 min (B) 12 min (C) 18 min (D) 4 min

v A cistern is normally filled in 8 hours but takes two hours longer to fill became of a leak
in its bottom. If the cistern is full, the leak will empty it in :

(A) 10 hours (B) 18 hours (C) 30 hours' (D) 40 hours

v If 5 men and 8 boys can complete a work in 15 days and 5 men and 3 boy in 20 days,
then 12 boys can complete the same work in :

(A) 15 days (B) 20 days (C) 25 days (D) 36 days

v In an NCC camp of 300 cadets, there was enough food for 22 days. But as same more
cadets joined the camp on the very first day. The food was exhausted in 20 days only.
The number of cadets joined later is :

(A) 20 (B) 30 (C) 50 (D) 60·

v If 3 men or 6 boys can finish a work in 20 days, 6 men and 8 boys finish the twice the
work in

(A) 9 days (B) 1 1 days (C) 3 days (D) 12 days

v A five day cricket match is played for 30 hours, the duration ofthe play being the
same every day. If a match stops after 3 days due to rain, find for how many hours
the match was played?

(A) 12 hrs (B) 18 hrs (C) 14 hrs (D) 16 hrs

v If 36 binders bind 900 books in 10 days, how many binders will be required to bind
1200. books in 12 days?

(A) 30 (B) 32 (C) 40 (D) 42

v A bullet covers 400 m in 5 second. How many metre will it cover in 3 second?

(A) 200 m (B) 220 m (C) 230 m (D) 240 m .

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YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v How many packets of 25 gm each will be made from 3 kg sugar?

(A) 120 (B) 100 (C) 50 (D) 25

v The cost of 5 dozen of banana is Rs. 20. A cost of 4 dozen oranges is Rs. 48. What
will be cost of 1 dozen of banana and 1 dozen orange?

(A) Rs. 15 (B) Rs. 16 (C) Rs. 17 (D) Rs. 18

v If a man gets his wage of Rs. 15 for 5 days, what will be his wage for 3 days?

(A)Rs.8 (B) Rs.10 (C) Rs.9 (D)Rs.12

v If A can complete a work in 30 days and B can complete the same work in 25 days,
then in how many days will 'A' and 'B' together complete the work?

(A) 150days (B) 101 days (C) 55 days (D) 55 days

v A can complete a work in 12 days, whereas A and B together can complete the
same work in 9 days. How many days will it take B to complete the work?

(A) 24 days (B) 24 days (C) 36 days (D) 36 days

v A garrison having 80 inmates have food sufficient to last for 70 days. How many
inmates should leave after 10 days to ensure that the food lasts another 80 days?

(A) 25 (B) 24 (C) 20 (D) 16

v If 100 men can do 100 jobs in 100 days, then 1 man can do one job in :

(A) 1 day (B) 100 days (C) 50 days (D) 10 days

v 4 men or 7 women can do a work in 90 days. How many days will 8 men and 7 women
together take to complete the same work?

(A) 10 days (B) 20 days (C) 25 days (D) 30 days

v Ajit can complete a job in 4 days, Manoj can complete the same job in 6 days and
Ravi can complete it in 12 days. In how many days will Ajit, Manoj and Ravi
together complete the same job?

(A) 2 days (B) 3 days (C) "2 day (D) 1 day

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YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v 3 men or 6 women can do a piece of work in 20 days. In how many days will 12 men
and 8 women do the same work?

(A) 3"2 days (B) 3 4 days (C) 4 days (D ) 5 days

v A father is 2 times faster than his son. If the son can complete a piece of work in
10 days, how long will it take for both father and son to complete the same work?

(A) 3 3 days (B) 3"2 days (C) 4 days (D ) 4"2 days

v A father and a son working together can complete a job in 6 days. Father alone can
complete it in 8 days. Both of them work for 3 days and then the father had to
leave. How long will the son take to complete the remaining work?

(A) 24 days (B) 18 days (C) 16 days (D) 12 days

v If 12 men can finish a work in 20 days, then in how many days 15 men will complete
that work?

(A) 12 (B) 16 (C) 18 (D) 20

v A and B can finish a work in 16 days while A alone can do the same work in 24
days. Therefore B alone can finish the same work in how many days.

(A) 24 (B) 36 (C) 48 (D) 56

v If 12 cows eat 756 kg of grass in 7 days. How much grass will be eaten by 15 cows
in 10 days?

(A) 1,500 kg (B) 1,350 kg (C) 1,200 kg (D) 1,400 kg

YUWAM – INDORE
222, SRINAGAR EX. NEAR
L.I.G. (M.P.)

PH: 0731-4037754,
9826074776

4
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

TIM E & D ISTA N C E

v If a man walks 8 km in 4 hours, the time taken by him in travelling a distance of


24 km is :

(A) 10 hours (B) 12 hours (C) 24 hours (D) 48 hours

v A man travels a certain distance at the rate of lO km per hour and returns the
same point at the rate of l5 km per hour. His average rate for the whole journey
is :

(A) 12 kmlhour (B) 12"2kmlhour (C) 13 kmlhour (D) None of these

v In a journey of 160 km, a train covers the distance 120 km at a speed of 80


kmlhour and the remaining distance at 40 kmlhour. The average speed of the
train for the whole journey is :

(A) 60 km/hr (B) 64 km/hr (C) 68 kmlhr (D) 72 km/hr

v Walking at the rate of 4 km an hour, a man covers a distance in 2 hrs. 45 min.


Running at a speed of 11 km per hour, the man will cover this much distance in:

(A) "2 hour (B) 1 hour (C) 14hour (D) 2 hours

v If a person takes as much time in running 20 metre as a car takes in covering 50


mt; the distance covered by the person during the time car covers 1 km is :

(A) 100 m (B) 140 m (C) 400 m (D) 500 m

v A journey of 300 km takes two hours more, when the speed is reduced by 5
km/hour, The origional speed of car (in km/hour) is:

(A) 30 (B) 40 (C) 70 (D) 80

v A motorist travels a distance of 10 km at a speed of 50 km/hour in the onward


journey and 60 km/hour while returning. His average speed is:

(A) 54 kmph (B) 55 km/hr (C) 56 kmlhr (D) none

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YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v X and Yare 15 km apart. X can walk at the speed of 14 kmlhr and Y at the
speed of 16 kmIhr. They start walking towards each other at 7 a.m. At what
time will they meet:

(A) 7.15 a.m. (B) 7.30 a.m. (C) 7.45 a.m. (D) 8.00 a.m.

v A and B are 20 km apart. A can walk at an average speed of 4 kmIhr and B at


an average speed of 6 kmlhr. If they start walking . towards each other at 8
a.m., at what time will they meet?

(A) 9.00 a.m. (B) 9.30 a.m. (C) 10.00 a.m. (D) 10.30 a.m.

v A police jeep is chasing a smuggler's car that is 5 km ahead. The car is travelling
at an average speed of 80 km/hr and the police jeep pursues it at an average
speed of 90 kmlhr. How long does it take for the police jeep to over take the
smuggler's car?

(A) 30 minute (B) 24 minute (C) 36 minute (D) 32 minute

v A driver who is driving his bus at an average speed of 45 kmlhr locates another
bus 150 metre ahead of him. After 30 second he overtakes it. The average
speed ofthe second bus is:

(A) 25 kmlhr .(B) 30 kmlhr (C) 24 km/hr (D) 27 kmlhr

v A train 600 metre long is running with a speed of 54 kmlhr. In what time will it
pass a tunnel 200 metre long?

(A) 48 sec (B ) 50 see (C) 53 sec (D) none

v A man travels 3/4th of the distance of his journey by bus, 1I6th by rickshaw
and 4 km on foot. How many km does he travel in the journey?

(A) 40 km (B) 46 km (C) 48 km (D) 50 km

v A speed of 36 km per hour is the same as :

(A) 10 m/sec (B) 12 m/sec (C) 129.6 m/sec (D) 3,600 m/sec

v A man walks from his house at an average speed of I) kmlhr and reaches his
office 6 minute late. Ifhe walks at an average speed of6 kmlhr he reaches 2
minute early. What is the distance of the office from his house?

(A) 4 km (B) 4.5 km (C) 5.0 km (D) 5.5 km

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YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v If a man walks at a speed of 5 kmlhr from his house to the railway station, he
misses the train by 5 minute. However, ifhe walks at a speed of 6 kmlhr, he
reaches the railway station 6 minute before the scheduled departure time to the
train. The distance between his house and the railway station is equal to:

(A) 5 km (B) 5.5 km (C) 6 km (D) 6.5 km

v A car moves with a speed of 80 kmlhr. What is the speed of the car in mlsec?

(A) 229 (B) 8 (C) 20 9 (D) none of these

v A cyclist cycles non-stop, from A to B , a distance of 14 km at a certain average


speed. If his average speed is reduced by 1 km per hr, then he takes 1/3 hour
more to cover the same distance. The original average speed of the cyclist was :

(A) 5 kmlhour (B) 7 kmlhour (C) 6 kmlhour (D) 8 kmlhour

v A train 200 metre long is running with a speed of 70 kmlhr. In what time will it
pass a man, who is running at 10 kmIhr in the same direction in which the train is
going?

(A) 10 sec (B) 12 see (C) 14 sec (D) 16 sec

v If a train is running at 36 kmlhr takes 2 min. 20 sec. to cross a bridge, then the
length of bridge is:

(A) 1.4 km (B) 2.2 km (C) 3.6 km (D) 14 km

v A passenger train takes 3 hours less for a journey of 360 km, if its speed is
increased by 10 kmIhr from its 'usual speed, what is the usual speed?

(A) 30 kmlhour (B) 35 kmlhour (C) 36 kmph (D) none of these

v Afast train takes one hour less than a slow train for a journey of200 km. If the
speed ofthe slow train is 10 kmIhr less than that of the fast train, find the
speed of the fast train :

(A) 40 kmlhr (B) 45 km/hr (C) 50 kmIhr CD) 55 km/hr

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YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v A plane left 40 min late due to bad weather and in order to reach its destination,
1,6.90 km away in time, it had to increase its speed by 400 kmlhr from its usual
speed. The usual speed of the plane is :

(A) 600 kmlhr ( 3 ) 800 km/hr (C) 1,000 km/hr (D) 1,100 kmlhr

v An aeroplane takes 1 hour less for a journey of 1,200 km if its speed is increased
by 100 km/hr from its usual speed. Its usual speed I S :

(A) 275 kmlhr (B) 280 kmlhr (C) 300 kmlhr (D) 320 kmlhr

v Two trains leave a railway station at the same time. The first train travels due
west and the second train due north. The first train travels 5 kmlhr faster than
the second train. If after two hours, they are 50 km apart. The average speeds
of each train respectively are:

(A) 10 , 15 (B) 15 ,10 (C) 20 ,15 (D) 15 , 20

v If a man can row 30 km downstream and 18 km upstream, each in 3 hours, what


is the speed of boat in still water?

(A) 8 krn/hr (B) 10 km/hr (C) 12 km/hr (D) 15 kmIhr

v A boat covers 20 km downstream and 6 km upstream in 3 hours, while it cover 30


km downstream and 12 ktn upstream in 5 hours. The speed of the boat in still
water is:

(A) 6 kmlhr (B) 8 kmIhr (C) 10 km/hr (D) 12 kmlhr

YUWAM – INDORE
222, SRINAGAR EX. NEAR
L.I.G. (M.P.)

PH: 0731-4037754,
9826074776

8
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

PERC EN TA G E

v 104% can be expressed as :

(A) 10,400 (B) 104 (C) 1.04 (D) NONE

v What percent is 25 paise of Rs. 100?

(A) 250% (B) 25% (C) 2.5% (D) 0.25%

v If 30% of a number is 300, then the number is :

(A) 900 (B) 10 (C) 100 (D) 1,000

v In a co-educational school 35% of the students are boys. If there are 416 girls
in the school, the number of boys in the school are :

(A) 220 (B) 224 (C) 224 (D) 230

v In an examination a candidate has to secure 40% of the marks to pass. If a


candidate secures 190 marks and fails by 10 marks, the total number of marks
in the examination is :

(A) 600 . (B) 400 (C) 500 (D) 360

v 40% of a number when subtracted from the number gives 30. W hat is
that.number?

(A) 40 (B) 70 (C) 50 (D) 80

v The population of a village is increased from 50,000 to 55,000. The percentage


increase in the population is :

(A) 5% (B) 10% (C) 20% (D) 50%

v If Ram's' salary is 50% more than Shyam's, how much percent is Shyam's
salary less than Ram's salary?

(A) 33.5% (B) 50% (C) 15% (D) NONE

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YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v If 34% of a number is 600; then 51% of the number will be :

(A) 1,600 (B) 1,200 (C) 1,000 (D) 900

v An ore contains 5% Zinc. How many kg of ore are required to get 60 kg of Zinc?

(A) 400 kg (B) 200 kg (C) 100 kg (D) 1,000 kg

v Surinder appears in an examination, in which a student has to secure 36% of the


marks to pass. If he secures 198 marks and fails by 18 marks, find the total
marks in examinatiop. :

(A) 800 (B) 600 (C)700· (D) 900

v 30% of 40% is :

(A ) 35 (B ) 70 (C) 0.12 (D) 0.15

v If 2 litre of water are evaporated on boiling S litre of sugar solution containing 6%


of sugar, the % of sugar in the remaining solution is :

(A) 0.6% (B) O.8% (C) 6% (D) NONE

v If 10% of x is the same as 20% of y, then x :y is equal to:

(A ) 5 : 1 (B ) 1 : 2 (C)2:1 (D)10:1

v A person loses 12.5% of his money and after spending 70% of the remainder, is
left with Rs. ·840. What is his initial money?

(A) Rs. 2800 (B ) Rs. 3,000 (C) Rs. 3,200 (D) none of these

v After deducting 10% from a certain sum and then 20% from the remainder, there
is Rs. 14,400 left. The originalsum is ':

(A) Rs. 18000 (B) Rs. 20,000(C) Rs. 22,000 (D) Rs. 22,250

v The population of a city is 15,00,000. It increases by 10% during 1st year,


decreases by 20% in 2nd year and increases by 30% in the 3rd year. The
population after 3 years is :

(A) 17,16,000 (B) 17,50,000 (C) 16,50,000 (D) 16,00,000

10
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v If the population of a town is increased by 12% in the first year and is decreased
by 12% in the next year, then the population of the town is:

(A) 1.44% increased (B ) 1.44% decreased (C) 1% decreased (D) not effected

v A man spends SO% of his income. His income is increased by 20% and his
expenditure is also increased by 15%. What is the % increase/decrease in his
savings?

(A) 40% increase (B) 10% decrease (C) 5% increase (D) 0%

v If the price of sugar is increased by 1%, what percentage should be the reduction
in the consumption so that there is no extra expenditure:

(A) 1% (B) 10% (C) 100/101 % (D ) 101/100 %

v If the height of a cone is increased by 200%, then its volume will be increased by :

(A) 100% (B ) 200% (C) 250% (D) 300%

v If 42% of a given number is 12.6, then the number is:

(A) 30 (B) 35 (C ) 40 (D) 45

YUWAM – INDORE
222, SRINAGAR EX. NEAR
L.I.G. (M.P.)

PH: 0731-4037754,
9826074776

11
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

PRO FIT & LO SS

v By selling a watch for Rs. 1,056. Ramark loses 12%. Find its cost price:

(A) Rs. 1,250 (B) Rs. 1,100 (C) Rs. 1,150 (D) Rs. 1,200

v Surabhi sold a washing machine for Rs. 9,499 at a gain of 15%. Find the cost
price of the washing machine:

(A) Rs. 8,000 (B) Rs. 8,100 (C) Rs. 8,260 (D) Rs. 8,300

v A fruit seller buys mangoes at.the rate of 15 for Rs. 12 and sells them at the
rate ofRs. 15 per dozen. Find his gain % :

(A) 25.65% (B) 51.35% (C) 32.25% (D) 56.25%

v Raj Kumar sold 2 calculators for Rs. 990 each. On one calculator he gained 10%
and on the other he lost 10%; find his gain or loss in the transaction :

(A) no loss-no gain (B) 1% gain (C) 1% loss (D) 5% loss

v Pallav buys toffees at 9 for Rs. 16 and sells them at 12 for Rs. 20. What is his
gain or loss percent?

(A)6.5%gain (B) 8.5% loss (C) 10% profit (D) NONE

v A dishonest dealer professes to sell his goods at cost price but he uses a weight of
970 gm for the kg weight. Find his gain percent:

(A) 4.5% (B) 4.2% (C) 3.7 % (D) NONE

v Mickey sells a good to Minnie at a profit of 20% and Minnie sells it to Meha at a
profit of 25%. If Meha pays Rs. 450 for it, the cost price for Mickey is :

(A) Rs. 300 (B) Rs. 325 (C) Rs. 350 (D) Rs. 375

v A tape-recorder is sold for Rs. 4,950 at a gain of 10%. What would have been the
gain if it had been sold for Rs. 4,800?

(A) 5.5% (B) 6.3% (C) 6.5% (D) NONE

12
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v A shopkeeper buys 2 varieties of rice, one costing him Rs. 26 per kg and another
Rs. 30.50 per kg. He mixes them in the ratio of 3 : 4 and this blended variety of
rice is sold off at rate of Rs. 30 per kg. Gain % is :

(A) 2% (B) 3% (C) 4% (D) 5%

v A person bought an item and sold it at a loss of8%. Ifhe had bought it for 15%
less and sold it for Rs. 142.50 more, he would have had a profit of25%, find the
cost price of this item:

(A)Rs.500 (B)Rs.800 (C) Rs. 1,000 (D) Rs. 1,100

v A saree is sold a profit of20%. Ifboth the cost price and selling price are Rs. 100
less, the profit wouid be 5% more. The cost price is :

(A) Rs. 100 (B) Rs. 200 (C) Rs. 300 (D) Rs. 500

v If Shubhi sells 16 articles for the same money as she pays for 20, her gain
percentage is :

(A) 20% (B) 22% (C) 25% (D) 28%

v By selling 88 m of cloth, a merchant gains the cost of 11 m of cloth. His gain %


is:

(A) 11.5% (B) 12.5% (C) 13% . (D) 14%

v Mudit purchases 5 shirts and 10 trousers for Rs. 5,000. He sells the shirts at 15%
profit and trousers at 10% loss. Thus he gets Rs. 375 as profit. The cost of one
shirt is :

(A)Rs.650 (B)Rs.675 (C) Rs. 700 (D) Rs. 725

v Shobit marks his goods 25% above cost price, but allows 17.5% discount for cash
payment. Ifhe sells the article for Rs. 825, find the cost price ofthe article:

(A) Rs. 800 (B) Rs. 810 (C) Rs. 820 (D) Rs. 823

v By selling a C.D. for Rs. 19.50, a shopkeeper makes a profit of 30%. By how much
should he increase his selling price so that his profit is 40%?

(A) Rs. 2.00 (B) Rs. 1.75 (C) Rs. 1.50 (D) Rs. 1.25

13
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v Ram buys 4 horses and 9 cows for Rs. 13,400. If he sells the horses at 10% profit
and the cows at 20% profit, then he earns a total profit ofRs. 1,880. The cost of
a horse is:

(A) Rs. 2,500 (B) Rs. 3,000 (C) Rs. 2,000 (D) Rs. 1000 ,

v A dishonest shopkeeper claims to sell his. goods at cost price but uses a weight of
800 gm in place of the standard 1 kg weight. His gain percent is :

(A) 25% (B) 20% (C) 16% (D) 8%

v A person sold an article for Rs. 230 and incurred a loss of8%. In order to earn a
profit of 8%, he should sell it for:

(A) Rs. 238.00 (B) Rs. 248.40 (C) Rs. 254.00 (D) Rs. 270.00

v The cost price of 10 articles is equal to the selling price of 9 articles. The
profitiloss percent is:

(A) 1% (B) 10% (C ) 9% (D) 119%

v A trader allows 20% trade discount and 15% cash discount. If the the selling
price of an article is Rs. 340, then its marked price is :

(A) Rs. 435 (B) Rs. 440 (C) Rs. 450 (D) Rs. 550

v The rate percent of discount if a scooter which costs Rs. 8,000, the purchaser
paid Rs. 7,800 is :

(A) 5% (B) 2.5% (C) 1% (D) 1.5%

v The sale price of 40 articles is equal to the total printed price of 32 articles.
The rate of discount is :

(A ) 5% (B ) 10% (C) 12% (D) 20%

v A retailer gains 20% after allowing 10% discount on the cost price. If the cost
price is Rs. 100, then selling price is :

(A) Rs. 120 (B) Rs. 108 . (C) Rs. 95 (D) Rs. 115

14
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v A dealer allows 10% discount on the list price Rs. 50 of a pen and yet makes a
profit of 25%. The cost price of the pen is :

(A) Rs. 36 (B) Rs. 45 (C) Rs. 54 (D) Rs. 30

v A publisher allows 25% trade discount and 2% cash discount to the book-sellers.
If he gets an order for Rs. 5,000, the net price to be paid by the book-seller
.will be :

(A) Rs. 3,675 (B) Rs. 3,576 (C) Rs. 3,575 (D) Rs. 3,665

v Discount @ 10% + 10% on an article sold for Rs. 100 is:

(A) Rs. 10 (B) Rs. 15 (C) Rs. 19 (D) Rs. 20

v The printed price of an electric fan is Rs. 500. It is sold at 10% discount. But
due to 'change of season the shopkeeper, declares 10% additional discount. The
sale price of the fan is:

(A) Rs. 455 (B) Rs. 405 (C) Rs. 450 (D) Rs. 400

v A person buys an old car for Rs. 10,000 and sells it at Rs. 12,500 less 25%
discount. His gain or loss percent is :

(A) gain 6.25% (B) loss 6.25% (C) gain 4.65% (D) loss 4.65%

v Mr. X, charges the price of his goods 20% above the purchase price 'but allows
10% discount actual his customers. Thus, he earns a profit ofRs. 120. The
actual purchase price is :

(A) Rs. 500 (B) Rs. 1,500 (C) Rs. 2,500 (D) Rs. 1,000

v A trader lists the selling price of an article 10% more than purchasing price. He
allows some discount and bears a loss ofl %. The rate of discount was:

(A) 11% (B) 10% (C) 9% (D) 7%

v A trader fixes the price of a radio at 20% above cost price, Ifhe allows a
discount of 5% on the list price, then his profit percentage is :

(A) 17% (B) 15% (C) 14% (D) 12%

15
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v To have a profit of 14% after allowing a discount of 5%, the marked price of an
article costing Rs. 250 must be :

(A) Rs. 300 (B) Rs. 350 (C) Rs. 325 (D) Rs. 275

v In fixing the selling price so that there may be a profit of 20% after allowing a
discount of 10%, the cost price must be raised:

(A ) 30% (B ) 100% (C) 80% (D) 35%

v A merchant purchases a bicycle for Rs. 2,000 and gets a gain of 35% by selling
it though a discount of 10% is allowed. The marked price of the bicycle is :

(A) Rs. 2,500 (B) Rs. 3,000 (C) Rs. 3,500 (D) Rs. 3,600

v After giving a discount of 9% on the marked price on medicine of pharmacy, its


gain is 30%. The marked price of medicine on which the gain is Rs. 42, will be :

(A) Rs. 140 (B) Rs. 200 (C) Rs. 230 (D) Rs. 180

v A merchant allows a discount of 15% on the clothes purchased. Manohar purchases


clothes worth Rs. 470. The money he will give is:

(A) Rs. 70.50 (B) Rs. 399.50 (C) Rs. 469 CD) Rs. 270

v The list price of a sofaset is Rs. 15,750 and the shopkeeper allows a discount of
10%. The amount to be paid for the sofa set to the shopkeeper is:

(A) Rs. 1,575 (B) Rs. 14,175 (C) Rs. 14,075 (D ) Rs. 13,175

v A man purchased a refrigerator forRs. 9,729 at a discount of 8%. The list price
of the refrigerator is :

(A) Rs. 10,557 (B) Rs. 10,755 (C) Rs. 10,575 (D) Rs. 9,575

v A T.v. dealar sold a T.V. set for Rs. 9,506, the selling price of which was Rs.
9,800. The rate of discount is :

(A) 3% (B ) 4% (C) 5% (D ) 6%

v A trader allows 10% trade discount and 20% cash discount. Ifthe list price is Rs.
500, then selling price is :

(A)Rs.360 (B) Rs. 355 (C) Rs. 350 (D) Rs. 340

16
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v The true discount on Rs. 630 due to 4 years, hence at 5% per annum simple
interest is :

(A) Rs. 95 . (B) Rs. 100 (C)Rs.105 (D)Rs.210

v The true discount on Rs. 10,140 due to 2 years, hence at 4% compound i~terest
is :

(A)Rs.467 (B)Rs.567 (C) Rs. 657 '(D) Rs. 765

v The true discount of a bill dueB years, hence at 4% simple interest is Rs. 120.
The amount ofthe bill is :

(A) Rs. 1,120 . (B) Rs. 1,020. (C) Rs. 920 (D) Rs. 2,110

v if the true discount on Rs. 322 due to 2 years 6 months hence is Rs: 42;the
rate of simple interest is :

(A) 2% (B) 3% (C) 4% (D) 6%.

v The true 'discount of Rs. 12,100 due .to two years, hence at 10% per annum
compound interest is :

(A) Rs. 1,000' (B)·Rs. 1,100 (C) Rs. 2,100 (D) Rs. 1,200

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17
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

R A TIO & PRO PO RT IO N

v The ratio of 2.50 m and 0.75 Cm is:

(A) 3 : 10 (B) 10 : 3 (C ) 1000 : 3 (D ) 100 : 3

v If two cars travel 160 km and 120 km in 10 hours and 5 hours respectively,
their ratio of average speed is :

(A) 2 : 3 . (B) 4 : 3 (C)4:5 (D)6:1

v W hat should be added to each of the numbers 12, 30, 40 and 86, so that they
are in proportion:

(A ) 6 (B)4 (C )- 6 (D)-4

v W hich is greater, 12 : 13 or 5 : 6 :

(A ) 12 :'13 (B) 5 : 6 (C) both are equal (D) NONE

v The value of x in the given proportion is : 15 kg : 12 kg : : x : Rs. 36

(A) Rs. 45 (B) 45 kg (C) Rs. 54 (D) 54 kg

v The fourth term of the proportion 11, 7, 22 is :

(A) 12 (B) 28 ` (C) 14 (D) 26

v If 10% of x is equal to 20% of y, then x : y is equal to:

(A) 1 : 2 (B) 2 : 1 (C) 5 : 1 (D) 10 : 1

v The ratio of males and females of a village is 5 : 3. If ·there are 800 males in
the village, females are:

(A) 240 (B) 480 (C) 840 (D) NONE

v In a mixture of60 litre, the ratio of ethanol to ether is 4 : 1. How much ether
must be added to the mixture to make this ratio 2: 1?

(A) 10 litre (B) 12 litre (C) 18 litre (D) 24 litre

18
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v If the income of A is 10% more than that of B and the income of B is 20% less
than that of C, then the incomes of A, Band Care, respectively in the ratio:

(A) 22 : 20 : 25 (B) 10 : 9 : 7 (C) 11 : 10 : 8 (D) 22: 18: 25

v The proportion of zinc and copper in a brass piece is 4 : 5. How much zinc will be
there in 180 kg of such a piece?

(A ) 40 kg (B) 80 kg (C) 100 k% (D) 120 kg

v A mixture of 45 litre of spirit and water, contains 20% of water in it. How much
water must be added to it to make the water 25% in the new mixture?

(A) 5 litre (B) 4 litre (C) 3 litre (D) 6 litre

v Two vessels A and B contain ether and ethanol in the ratio 5 : 2 and 4 : 1
respectively. Find the ratio in which these two qualities are to be mixed to get a
new mixture of ether and ethanol in the ratio 3 : 1.

(A) 5 : 7 (B) 7 : 5 (C)4:5 (D)2:3

v Ravi and Rahim are two partners in a firm sharing the profit in the ratio 4 : 5. If the
firm earns a profit ofRs. 14,130, then profit to be received by Rahim is :

(A) Rs. 6,280 (B) Rs. 7,850 (C) Rs. 1,570 (D) Rs. 3,140

v A, B and C share the profit in the ratio of 3 : 5 : 7. If the gain is Rs. 2,040, then
C's share is:

(A) Rs. 360 (B) Rs. 600 (C) Rs. 840 (D) Rs. 120

v Sheela and Johan share their profit in the ratio of 9 : 7. If in a particular year
Sheela's profit is Rs. 2,700, then Johan's profit is:

(A) Rs. 2,100 (B) Rs. 900 (C) Rs. 700 (D) Rs. 6,300

v A and B take a grass ground on lease for Rs. 30'0 for grazing their animals. If A
grazes 10 animals for 5 weeks and B grazes 15 animals for 7 weeks. The ratio in which
they should divide the rent is :

(A) 1 : 2 (B) 10 : 21 (C) 11 : 20 (D) 2 : 1

19
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v X, Yand Z invested Rs. 4,900, Rs. 6,300 and Rs. 7,000. If X gets Rs. 749 as profit,
then Z will get:

(A) Rs. 963 (B) Rs. 1,070 (C) Rs. 2,140 (D) Rs. 2,782

v Hari and Madhu started a business investing amounts in the ratio of 2 : 3. If Hari has
an additional amount ofRs. 10,000, their ratio of investment would have been 3 : 2.
The amount invested by Hari was:

(A) Rs. 8,000 (B) Rs. 12,000 (C) Rs. 18,000 (D) Rs. 20,000

v The ratio of investments of two partners A and B is 11 : 12 and the ratio oftheir
profit is 2 : 3. If A invested the money for 8 months, then the time for which B
invested the money is :

(A) 8 months (B) 9 months (C) 10 months (D) 11 months

v Mishra, Sharma and Shukla started a business with Rs. 47,000. Mishra puts in Rs.
5,000 more than Sharma and Sharma Rs. 3,000 more than Shukla. The share of'Mishra
out of the profit ofRs. 14,100 will be:

(A) Rs. 3,600 (B) Rs. 4,500 (C) Rs. 6,000 (D) Rs. 6,300

v A and B enter into partnership. At the end 9 months B withdraws but A' s capital is u
for one month more. If they receive profit in ratio of 5 : 6, then the ratio of their
capital .

(A) 3 : 4 (B) 4 : 3 (C) 5 : 6 (D) 6 : 5

v A, Band C hired a car for Rs. 4,160. A used for 7 hours, B used for 8 hours and C
used' for 1 1 hours. The rent shared by A will be:

(A) Rs. 960 (B) Rs. 1,160 (C) Rs. 1,260 (D) Rs. 1,760

v A is a working partner and B is asleep' partner in a business. A puts in Rs. 5,000 B


puts in Rs. 6,000. A received 15% of profit for managing the business and the is
divided in proportion to their capitals. amount received by A out of the profit Rs. 880
in all is :

(A) Rs. 132 (B) Rs. '340 (C) Rs. 472 (D) Rs. 492

20
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v A starts a busines with Rs. 5,000. After 4 months B joins him with a sum of Rs.
4,000. In the end of the year there is a profit of Rs. 8,970. The share of A in the
profit will be :

(A) Rs. 3,120 (B) Rs. 4,020 (C) Rs. 5,850 (D) Rs. 6,360

v A and B are partners in a business to which A has contributed Rs. 14,700 and B Rs.
10,500; after 4 months C joins them with a' capital of Rs. 18,900. At the end of the
year, the profits are distributed in the proportion of capital invested. The ratio of
their profit will be:

(A) 7 : 5 : 6 (B) 6 : 7 : 5 (C)5:7:6 (D)5:6:7

v In a business A andB gained some amount in a certain ratio. B and C received the
profit in the ratio as that of A and B. If B received Rs. 6,400 and C recived Rs.
10,000, then the amount received by B is :

(A) Rs. 2,000 (B) Rs. 4,000 (C) Rs. 8,000 (D) Rs. 10,000

v A, Band C share the profit in the ratio of 2: 3 : 7. If the average gain is Rs. 8,000,
then B's share is :

(A) Rs. 2,000 (B) Rs. 1,000 (C) Rs. 1,500 (D) Rs. 3,000

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9826074776

21
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

S.I. & C .I.

v What is the amount ofRs. 20,000 in 9 months 'at 4% p.a. interest compounded
quarterly?

(A) Rs. 20,606.02 (B) Rs. 26,006.02 (C) Rs. 26,600.06 (D) Rs. 26,100.02

v Raj lent Rs. 16,000 to Suresh for 1~ years at 10% p.a. what is the amount
Suresh paid to Raj to settle the accounts if interest is compounded half yearly?

(A) Rs. 18,511 (B) Rs. 18,522 (C) Rs. 15,811 (D) Rs. 15,118

v What sum will amount to Rs. 13,891.50 in 1.5 years at 10% p.a. interest
compounded half yearly?

(A) Rs. 11,000 (B) Rs. 11,500 (C) Rs. 12,000 (D) Rs. 12,500

v At what rate percent compound interest Rs. 1 800 amounts to Rs. 926.10 in 1'2
years interest compounded semi-annually?

(A) 8% p.a. (B) 10% p.a. (C) 12% p.a. (D) 14% p.a.

v If the compound interest on a sum for 2 years at 12.5% be Rs. 3,400. The simple
interest will be :

(A) Rs. 3,200 (B) Rs. 3,100 (C) Rs. 3,000 ~D) Rs. 2,900

v The difference between compound interest and simple interest on a certain sum of
money in 2 years at 5% p.a. is Rs. 12.50. Find the sum :

(A) Rs. 5,000 (B) Rs. 2,500 (C) Rs. 300 (D) Rs. 6,000

v On what sum of money does the difference between compound and simple interest
for '3 years at 10% p.a. amounts to Rs. 124?

(A) Rs. 3,000 ( 6 ) Rs. 4,000 (C) Rs. 5,000 (D) Rs. 3,500

v I lent Rs. 75,000 for 3 years. If I got 4%, 5% and 10% in 1st, 2nd and 3rd
year, find the amount I got after 3 years?

(A) Rs. 90,000 (B) Rs. 90,909 (C) Rs. 90,090 (D) Rs. 99,009

22
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v At what rate percent compound interest does a sum of money become fourfold in 2
years?

(A) 50% (B) 100% (C) 200% (D) 400%

v A sum of money doubles itself at compound interest, compounded annually in 15


years. In how many years will it become 8 times, the remaining rate the same?

(A) 40 years (B) 45 years (C) 50 years (D) 55 years

v If the total compound interest earned after 2 years at the rate of 12% per annum
is Rs. 134.40, then the principal amount is :

(A) Rs. 1,200 (B) Rs. 1,100 (C) Rs. 528.30 (D) Rs. 900 (CDS, 2000)

v In how many years will a sum of Rs. 1,500 yield an interest ofRs. 1,080 at 12
percent per annum?

(A) 5 years (B) 5.25 years (C) 5.5 years (D ) 6 years

v The principal which yields an interest of Rs. 2,500 in 2.5 years at 10% per
annum at simple interest is :

(A) Rs. 8,000 (B) Rs. 9,000 (C) Rs. 10,000 (D) Rs. 11,000

v A man borrowed a sum at 15% simple interest. He paid Rs. 2,250 as interest
after 5 years, The sum borrowed by him is :

(A) Rs. 5,000 (B) Rs. 4,500 (C) Rs. 4,000 (D) Rs. 2,500

v Ram lent some money at 4% simple interest and in 8 years. The interest
amounted to Rs. 680 less than the sum lent. The sum lent is :

(A) Rs. 800 (B) Rs. 1,000 (C) Rs. 1,200 (D) Rs. 1,400

v What is the sum which amounts to Rs. 1,460 in 4 years at simple interest rate
of 11.5% :

(A) Rs. 800 (B) Rs. 1,000 (C) Rs. 1,200 (D) Rs. 1,300

v The simple interest on a certain sum of money @ 5% per annum for 3 years is
Rs. 300. Fine;! the sum:

(A) Rs. 3,000 (B) Rs. 1,500 (C) Rs. 2,000 (D) Rs. 1,000

23
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v The simple interest on a certain sum of money @ 5% per annum for 8 years is
Rs. 840. At what rate of interest the same amount of interest can be received
on the same sum after 5 years?

(A) 10% (B) 9% (C) 8% (D) 6%

v A man earns Rs. 225 as an interest in 2 years on a certain sum invested with a
company at the rate of 10 percent per annum. Find the sum invested by the man
in the company:

(A) Rs. 1,100 (B ) Rs. 1,125 (C) Rs. 1,150 (D ) Rs. 1,175

v The simple interest on a sum ofRs. 2,250 at 18% per annum fo; 219 days is :

(A) Rs. 324 (B) Rs. 423 (C) Rs. 234 (D) Rs. 243

v A sum of Rs. 7,800 is lent out in 2 parts in such a way that the interest on one
part at 10% for 5 years is equal to that on the other part at 9% for 6 years.
The sum lent out at 10% is :

(A) Rs. 4,050 (B) Rs. 3,750 (C) Rs. 4,500 (D) Rs. 3,300

v The simple interest on the sum of money is 1116 of the principal and the number
of years is equal to the rate percent per annum. The rate percent is:

(A) 2% (B) 2.5% (C) 3% (D) 4%

v What is the compound interest on Rs. 6,250 at 4% p. a. compounded annually


for 3 years?

(A) Rs. 780.40 (B) Rs. 789.00 (C) Rs. 788.80 (D) Rs. 780.40

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222, SRINAGAR EX. NEAR
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9826074776

24
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

A LLIG A TIO N

v A milk seller bought some milk at the rate of Rs. 16 per litre. He mixed water
ONE 4th of it and sold the mixture at the cost price. Assuming the price of
water as Re. 0.00 per litre. The gain % is:

(A) 16% (B) 20% (C) 25% (D) none of these

v In a mixture of 35 litre, the ratio of milk and water is 4 : 1. If 7 litre of water


is added to mixture, then the new ratio will be :

(A ) 2 : 1 (B ) 1 : 2 (C)3:2 (D)2:3

v A variety of rice at Rs. 14 per kg is mixed to 15 kg of another variety rice at


Rs. 20 per kg, so as to make a mixture worth Rs. 16.50 per kg. The quantity of
rice at Rs. 14 per kg must be:

(A) 5 kg (B) 7 kg (C) 15 kg (D) 21 kg

v Asum ofRs. 232 is made up of672 coins which are either 50 paise or 25 paise
coins. The number of 50 paise coins is :

(A) 256 (B) 334 (C) 416 D) 464

v A painter mixes blue paint with white paint so that the mixture contains 10% blue
paint . In a mixture of 40 litre paint, x litre of blue paint is added so that the
mixture contains 20% of blue paint. The value ofx (in litre) is:

(A) 2 (B)3 (C)4 (D)5

v A container has 84 litre of mixture consisting of milk and water in the ratio of
5: 2. To make this ratio 2 : 1, the quantity of more water required to be added
will be

(A) 2 litre (B) 4 litre (C) 6 litre (D) 8 litre

v Ramesh has Rs. 3,600. He invests a part of it at 3% per annum and the
remaining at 5% higher rate of simple interest. He gets in all Rs. 540 at the end
of 3 years. The sum invested at 3% per annum is :

(A) Rs. 1,440' (B) Rs. 2,000 (C) Rs. 2,160 (D) Rs. 2,200

25
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v The average salary per head ofthe entire staff of an office, including officers
and the clerks is Rs. 9,000 per month. The average salary of the officers is Rs.
60,000 per month and that of clerks is Rs. 8,400. If the number of officers and
clerks is 1,032, the number of officers is:

(A) 12 (B) 15 (C) 16 (D) 18

v A container contains 10 litre mixture in which there is 10% sulphuric acid. To


make the solution to contain 25% sulphuric acid, the quantity of sulphuric acid to
be added in it, is:

(A) 1 litre (B) 2 litre (C) 3Iitre .(D) 4 litre

v A milkman has two types of milk. In one, the percentage of water is 10 and in
the second the percentage of water is 20. Ifhe takes 90 litre of milk of type I
and 60 litre of milk of type II and prepares a new mixture, the percentage of
water in this new mixture is :

(A) 12% (B ) 14% (C) 15% (D) 19%

v A motor cyclist completes a certain journey of 360 Ian in 5 hours. He covers one
part at 60 kmlhour and the rest at 80 kmlhour. The distance covered at 60
kmlhour is :

(A) 120 km (B) 150 km (C) 240 km (D) 300 kID

v The expenditure and savings of an employee are in the ratio of 3 : 1. His income
increases by 16% but at the same time his expenditure also increases by 20%.
The increase or decrease in his savings is :

(A) increase 4% (B ) decrease 4% (C) increase 3% (D) decrease 3%

v Wages of 14 persons are Rs. 33 thousand. Each man gets Rs. 3 thousand and
each woman gets Rs. 1.5 thousand. The number of men is :

fA) 6 (B) 8 (C) 10 (D) 12

v A mixture contains sugar and water in the ratio of 3 : 49. If it contains 0.45 kg
of sugar, the quantity of water in the mixture is :

(A) 7.35 kg (B) 3.75 kg (C) 7.53 kg (D) 3.57 kg

26
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v A heard of 2legged and 4 legged animals give a head count as 100. When legs
are counted, it comes to be 320. The number of 2 legged animals is :

(A) 30 (B) 40 (C) 60 (D) 80

v A mixture of 45 litre of spirit and water contains 20% of water in it. The water
to be added to make the water 25% in the new mixture is:

(A) 5 litre (B) 4 litre (C) 3 litre (D) 6 litre

v A vessel contains mixture of liquids A and B in the ratio of 3 : 2. W hen 20 litre


of the mixture is taken out and replaced by 20 litre of liquid B, the ratio
changes to 1 : 4. The quantity of liquid A initially present in the vessel was:

(A) 18 litre (B) 28 litre (C) 30 litre (D) 32 litre

v Two vessels A and B contain ether and ethanol in the ratio of 4 : 5 and 5 : 1
respectively. The ratio in which these two quantities are to be mixed to get a
new mixture of ether and ethanol in the ratio of 5: 4 is:

(A)5:2 (B) 4: 3 (C) 2: 5 (D) 3 : 4

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222, SRINAGAR EX. NEAR
L.I.G. (M.P.)

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9826074776

27
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

A V ER A G E

v The heights of 7 buildings are 12 m, 13 m, 14 in, 15 m, 16 m, 17 m and 18 m.


The average height of7 buildings is :

(A ) 15 m (B ) 16 m (C) 17m (D)18m

v The average of even numbers from 1 to 20 is :

(A ) 12 (B ) 11 (C ) 10 (D) 110

v If a, b, c, d- and e are five consecutive odd numbers, then their average is :

(A ) b (B ) c (C) d (D) none ofthese

v The mean of 15 observations is 15. If 3 is subtracted from each observation, the


new mean is:

(A ) 45 (B ) 18 (C) 12 (D) 5·

v The sum of the deviations of the values 2, 3, 4,5,6,7,8 from their mean is:

(A ) 0 (B ) 2 (C ) 3 ( D ) 16

v The average of x, x + 2, x + 4', x + 6 and x + 8 is 7. Then the value of x is :

(A) 3 (B )9 (C)5 (D) 7

v The average height of 10 students is computed as 153 cm. But it was found later
on that 151 em was wrongly read as 141 em. The correct average height is:

(A ) 155 em (B) 154 em (C) 152 cm (D ) 151 em

v In a certain factory a unit of work is completed by A in 4 minute, by Bin 5


minute, by C in 6 minute, by Din 10 minute and by E in 12 minute. Their average
of work per minute is:

(A) 0.8 unit (B) 0.61 unit (C) 2.88 unit (D ) none of these

v Mr. X purchased 13 bags at the rate ofRs. 50 per bag, 15 bags at the rate of
Rs. 60 per bag and 12 bags at the rate ofRs. 65 per bag. The average price per
bag is :

28
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

(A) Rs. 58.25 (B) Rs. 40.25 (C) Rs. 60 (D ) Rs. 62

v The average monthly expenditure of a person during the 11 months was Rs. 350.
In the last 12th month, he spentRs. xas a result of which the average monthly
expenditure was increased by Rs. 30. The amount (Rs. x) spent by him in the last
month is :

(A)Rs.710 (B)Rs.620 (C).Rs. 170 (D ) Rs. 260

v The average of 15 numbers is 15 and the average of the first 8 numbers is 8.


The average ofthe last 7 nwnbers is :

(A ) 15 (B ) 8 (C ) 7 (D ) 23

v Of the four numbers the average of the first three is 30 and of the last three is
32. If the last number is 38, then first number is :

(A) 28 (B) 32 (C) 36 (D) 40

v The average of 20 terms is 30. If 10 is added in each first 10 terms and 1 is


subtracted from each last terms, then the new average is :

(A) 42.5 (B) 39.0 (C) 34.5 (D) 30.0

v If average of 5, 10, 15,p, 20, 35, 40 is 21, then the value of p is :

(A) 18 (B) 22 (C) 25 (D) 30

v If the average of27, 23, x - 4, x + 4,15,3 and 7 is 15, then the value of x is: '

(A) 11 (B) 19 (C) 13 (D ) 15

v The average of four numbers is 30. If the sum of first three numbers is 85, then
the fourth number is:

(A ) 30 (B) 35 (C) 55 (D) 45

v The present ages of A and Bare 17 years and 24 years respectively. The average
of their ages after 7 years will be :

. (A) 20.5 years· (B) 27.5 years (C) 34.5 years (D ) 39.5 years

29
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v The average tem per atu re of Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday of a week was
45·C and average temperature of Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday was 46·C.
If temperature on Thursday was 4TC, the temperature on Monday was:

(A) 42·C (B) 43·C (C) 44·C (D ) 45·C

v The average weight of 24 students of section A of a class is 45 kg. The average


weight of26 students of section B of the same class is 50 kg. Then the average
weight of all the 50 students oftl}e class is :

(A) 47.0 kg (B) 47.5 kg (C) 47:6 kg (D ) 48.0 kg

v 5 years ago, the average age of a family of 3 members was 28 years. A child has
been born, so the average age of the family is 25 years today. The present age
ofthe child is :

(A) 1 year (B) 2 years (C) 3 years (D) 4 years

v The average of 100 values is 50. Two values 60 and 70 were left out at the time
of calculating the sum ofthe values. The correct average will be :

(A) 49.3 (B) 50.3 (C) 51.3 (D ) 52.3

v If the average of 5 observations x, x + 2, x + 4, x + 6, x + 8 is 11, then the


average of the last three observations is :

(A) 11. (B) 13 (C) 15 (D ) 17

v The average age 6 students and their teacher is 12 years, which is reduced by 5
years if the teacher be excluded. The age ofthe teacher is (in years) :

(A) 42 (B) 45 (C) 50 (D) 56

v The average marks obtained by 60 students in an examination is 70. If the


average mark of passing students is 78 and that of the failing students is 30,
the number of students passed the examination is :

(A) 35 (B) 40 (C) 45 (D) 50

v Manohar purchased 4 books for Rs. 30 each, 5 books for Rs. 48 each and 6
books for Rs. 80 each. The average purchase price of the books is :

(A) Rs. 56 (B ) Rs. 60 (C) Rs. 63 (D) Rs. 66

30
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v The average age of 8 persons is 87 years. Of these the age of oldest is 2 years
more than the one next. If these two persons are ignored, then the average age
of the remaining 6 persons is 85 years. The age of the oldest . person is (in
years) :

(A) 90 (B) 94 (C) 96 (D) 98

v The average age of three boys is 15 years. If their ages are in the ratio of 3 :
5 : 7, then the age of youngest boy is :

(A) 9 year.s (B) 15 years (C) 21 years (D) 36 years

v The average of 25 observations is 28, that of first 12 is 24 and of last 12 is


27. The thirteenth observation is :

(A) 65 (B) 75 (C) 78 (D) 88

v Out of four numbers, the average of first three is 15 and that of last three is
16. If the last number is 19, then first number is:

(A) 10 ` (B ) 12 (C) 14 (D) 16

v The average weight of three men A, Band C is 84 kg. Another man D joins them
and the average now becomes 80 kg. If another man E, whose weight is 3 kg
more than that of D replaces A, then the average weight of B, C, D and E
becomes 79 kg. The weight of A is :

(A) 75 kg (B) 65 kg (C) 7.0 kg (D) 80 k~

v The average of the squares of first 5 natural numbers is:

(A) 3 (B) 11 (C) 22 (D) 55

v Of the three numbers, the average of the first and the second is greater than
the average of the second and third by 15. The difference between first and
third of the three numbers is:

(A) 30 (B) 15 (C)45 (D ) 60

v A shop of electronic goods is closed on Monday. The average sales per day for
remaining six days. of a week is Rs. 15,640. If the average sale of Tuesday to
Saturday is Rs. 14,124, then sales on Sunday was:

(A) Rs. 23,220 (B) Rs. 20,188 (C) Rs. 21,704 (D) Rs. 17,257

31
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v Suppose the average weekly pay of five workers is Rs. 600 and if one of the
workers gets a pay rise ofRs. 100 per week, then the new average is :

(A) Rs. 600 (B) Rs. 700 (C)Rs.580 (D)Rs.620

v Four persons A, B, C, D agree with a fifth person E to collect a certain sum.


They subscribe Rs. 15 each and, E is to pay Rs. 4 more than the average of all
the five. The subscription of E is : .

(A) Rs. 10 (:8) Rs. 15 (C) Rs. 20 (D) Rs. 25

v Average run made in a cricket match in 10 games is 52. There was no run in the
last game. If 100 runs were made in the last game, then average is :

(A) 62 runs . (B) 52 runs (C) 40 runs (D) 50 runs

v The ratio between the present ages of X and Y is 4 : 5. The ratio between the
present age of X and the age of Y before 3 years is 7 : 8. The ratio between
the present age of X and his age after 7 years will be :

(A)5:4 (B)8:7 (C)7:8 (D)4:5

v The ratio between Rahim's and Karim's ages two years- ago was 3 : 2 and at
present it is 7 : 5. The r::-esent age of Karim is :

(A) 10 years (B) 14 years (C) 12 years (D) 16 years

v The sum of the ages of Ram and Shyam is 40 years. 5 years hence, the ratio of
their ages will be 3: 7. The age of Ram is:

(A) 10 years (B) 30 years (C) 15 years (D) 25 years

v The ratio of ages of the mother and her daughter is 12 : 5. The difference of
their ages is 28 years. The ratio between the present age of the mother and
the age of the daughter 4 years after will be :

(A ) 2 : 1 (B ) 1 : 2 (C)3:2 (D)2:3

v The ratio of present ages of Mahesh and Dinesh is 7 : 8. If 4 years ago the
ratio of their ages be 5 : 6, then present age of Dinesh is :

(A) 10 years (B) 12 years (C) 14 years (D) 16 years

32
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v Six years back Seem a was half that of Rupa in age. Four years hence, the
respective ratio of their ages would be 3 : 5. The present age of Rupa is:

(A) 46 years (B) 40 years (C) 32 years (D) 16 years

v The ratio of ages of' A and B at present is 13 : 7. The ratio of their ages 6
years before was 2 : 1. The difference of their ages is :

(A) 12 years (B) 24 years (C) 36 years (D) 42 years

v Sanjay says to Hemendra, "I am twice as eld as you were when 1 was as old as
you are." The sum of their present ages is 63 years. The present age of Sanjay
is : .

(A) 27 years (B) 30 years (C) 36 years (D) 40 years

v The age of a man is three times the sum ofthe ages of his two sons. After 5
years hence, his age will be double the sum of their ages. The present age of
the man is:

(A) 35 years (B) 45 years (C) 53 years (D) 54 years

v A father says to his son, "7 years ago my age was 7 times of your age at that
time and after 3 years my age will be thrice of your age." The present age
ofthe son is :

(A) 12 years (B) 15 years (C) 21 years (D) 24 years

v 15 years hence, Karim will be just four times as old as he was 15 years ago. His
present age is:

(A) 15 years (B) 25 years (C~ 35 years (D) 40 years

v Ten years ago, Johan was one-third of Mohan in age. If the ratio of their
present ages is 5 : 3, then the total of their present ages is :

(A) 35 years (B) 40 years (C) 45 years (D) 50 years

v A father tells his son, "I was your present age when you were born. If the
father is' 58 now, the age ofthe son 5 years ago was:

(A) 24 years (B) 26 years (C) 28 years (D) 30 years

33
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v A mother has 3 sons and they were born at an interval of3 years. The total age
ofthe three sons is 24 years. The age ofthe youngest son is:

(A) 5 years (B) 6 years (C) 8 years (D) 11 years

v At the time of their marriage the husband was 7 years older than his wife.
After one year of their marriage, the ratio of their ages was 4 : 3. The age of
husband at the time of marriage was :

(A) 20 years (B) 27 years (C) 34 years (D) 41 years

v The average age of 6 children is 7 years. If their father's age is taken into
account the average age increases by 5 years. Father's age is:

(A) 42 years (B) 48 years ,(C) 44 years (D) 56 years

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YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

D A TA IN TERPRETA TIO N
Directions : These questions are based on the data given in the following table
showing investments made by the five companies over the year (in lakh of rupees) :

Years 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

Company

I 20 21 50 35 75

II 29 31 23 46 42

III 31 29 27 22 16

Iv 33 14 33 37 48

V 15 17 32 39 47

Total 128 112 165 179 228

v Which company made more than 25 percent of the total investment made by all
the companies in 2001?

(A) I (B) II (C) Iv (D) None ofthese

v For which company, has the amount of investment made increased continuously
over the years?

(A) I (B) II (C) III (D) V

v For which company, has the amount of investment made decreased continuously
over the years?

(A ) V (B ) I v (C) III (D) None of these

v In which year, the amount of investment made was the least as compared to
average investment made by all the companies over the years?

(A) 1998 (B) 1999 (C) 2000 (D) None of these

35
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v In which year, the percentage change in the total amount of investment made is
the highest over its immediately preceding year?

(A) 2002 (B) 2000 (C) 2001 (D) None of these

Directions : Answer the questions on the basis ofthe following table:

Assume all colleges sent equal number of candidates in all subjects for the
examination.

Percentage of Results for Subjects

College Maths Physics Chemister Zoology Botany

A 52 65 62 47 40
B 47 62 52 35 38
C 53 70 46 54 39
D 35 72 58 62 57

v Taking all the colleges into account which subject has shown highest percentage
result?

(A) Chemistry (B) Maths (C) Zoology (D) Physics

v Taking the performance in all the subjects into account which college has shown
highest level of percentage results?

(A) D (B)A (C) B (D) C

v Seeing the performance of all the four colleges together which combination of
groups has shown lowest level of percentage results?

(A) Zoology,Botany (B) Physics,Chemistry (C) Maths,Physics (D) Chemistry,Botany

v Taking all the colleges into account which subject has shown lowest percentage
result?

(A) Maths (B) Physics (C) Chemistry . (D) Botany

36
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v Taking the performance in all subjects into account which college has shown
lowest level?

(A ) A (B ) B (C ) C (D ) D

Directions : From the data given in the following table, answer these questions:

Election Turnout Rates (%) from 1901 to 1981 in India

Year Voters Females Males


1901 51.2 38.7 60.8
1911 53.6 41.2 63.6
1921 49.7 40.7 50.9
1931 47.3 51.6 39.6
1941 41.8 56.7 32.7
1951 43.8 54.2 38.6
1961 39.1 59.6 33.7
1971 34.7 48.4 31.6 I
1981 38.6 51.4 37.3

v On how many occasions did the total turnout rate increase?

(A ) 4 (B ) 3 (C ) 2 (D ) 5

v IN the given data, the total turnout rate was the maximum in :

(A) 1911 (B) 1921 (C) 1961 (D) 1931

v The maximum increase in the total turnout rate during any decade over the
previous one is:

(A) 1.5 (B) 2.4 (C) 4.0 (D) 3.9

v Which of the following is true?

(A) The increase in the rate of turnout for any decade over the previous one during
the pre-independence period is lower than that during the post-independence period.
(Assume that the independence was achieved in 1947)

(B) The total turnout rate decreased continuously

(C) Male turn out was less than one-third of the female population for entire Data

37
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

(D) None of the above

v In the given data, the total turnout rate was the minimum in :

(A) 1971 (B) 1981 (C) 1961 (D) 1941

Directions: Loan disbursed by five banks (in Rs. crore) are given in the table below:

Banks Year
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
A 18 23 45 30 70
B 27 33 18 41 37
C 29 29 22 17 11
D 31 16 28· 32 43
E 13 19 27 34 42

v In which year was the distribution ofloans of all the banks put together least
compared to the average disbursement of loans over the years?

(A) 1990 (B) 1991 (C) 1992 (D) 1994

v What was the percentage increase of disbursement of loans of all the banks
together from 1992 to 1993?

(A) 110% (B) 14% (C) 10% (D) 11%

v In which year was the disbursement ofloans of banks A and B exactly equal to
the total disbursement ofloans of banks D and E?

(A) 1991 (B) 1992 (C) 1994 (D) None

v If the minimum target in the succeeding year was 20% of the total disbursement
of loans, then how many banks reached the target in 1991?

(A ) 1 (B ) 2 (C ) 3 (D ) 4

v By what percent did the loan disbursement increase from 1990 to 1994?

(A) 72 (B) 82 (C) 94 . (D) 91

38
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

Directions : These questions are based on the following table. The table shows the
number of emergencies attended by 6 fire brigade substations during May-October
2002 :

Substation May June July August September


October

A 12 15 17 21 13 17
B 18 21 15 18 18 19
C 10 11 19 21 23 18
D 17 17 1~ 12 18 10
E 12 15 18 10 21 11
F 14 15 12 13 18 19

v Number of emergencies attended by the 6 substations was the same in the


months of:

(A) May ,June (B) June , July (C) August , September (D) June , October

v Which of the following substations showed a greater increase in the number of


emergencies attended in August as compared to July?

(A ) A (B ) E (C ) D (D ) C

v Which substation attended to the maximum number of complaints in the given


period?

(A ) A (B ) B (C ) C (D ) F

v Which two months aggregated over 36% of the total number of emergencies in
the six-month period?

(A) May ,June (B) July ,October (C) August ,September (D) July ,September

v Which substation attended to the minimum number of complaints in the given


period?

(A ) A (B ) C (C ) E (D ) F

39
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

Directions: Following six questions are on the basis of the following table which gives
data year-wise and discipline-wise for candidates selected in industry (in thousands)

Years
Discipline
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996

Science 16 20 25 15 14 16
Arts 4 8 9 10 11 13
Commerce 8 12 12 11 15 13
Law 7 9 5 3 6 8

ComputerScience 10 14 18 20 25 30
Others 1 1 2 1 • 1 1
Total 46 64 71 60 72 81

v In which year for the first time, Computer Science discipline constituted more
than 25% of the selected candidates? .

(A) 1991 (B) 1992 (C) 1993 (D) 1994

v Which discipline showed the greatest decline between 1992 and 1994 selections?

(A) Science (B) Computer Science (C) Arts (D) Law

v In which year the percentage of Science discipline candidates was the highest?

(A) 1991 (B) 1992 (C) 1993 (D) 1994

v Which discipline has shown the greatest rate of increase in its selection from
1994 to 1996?

(A) Arts (B) Computer Science (C) Law (D) Commerce

v For which discipline, the total recruitment for all the 6 years is closest to the
total recruitment for any year?

(A) Arts (B) Computer Science (C) Law (D) Commerce

40
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

Directions: Study the following table to answer the given questions:

Notifications of transmissible infectious diseases over the years

(Rate per 1,00,000 inhabitants)

Total
(of about 12 diseases)
Year TYphoid Hepatitis

1995 88 46 27
1996 126 60 44
1997 124 60 47
1998 211. 109 86
1999 192 122 56
2000 165 99 57
2001 144 98 39
2002 191 96 86

v Which year 18 the mcrease in rate from the previous year for hepatitis is the
maximum?

(A) 1998 (B) 1996 (C) 1997 (D) 2002

v Which year is the percentage of typhoid out of the total the highest?

(A) 2001 (B)-1998 (C) 1999 (D) 2002

v If the population in 1998 was 2.75 crore, how many cases of hepatitis were
notified?

(A) 2,365 (B) 2,36,500 (C) 23,650 (D) None ofthese

v In 1999, what was the rate of other 11 diseases except for typhoid?

(A ) 14 (B ) 66 (C) 56 (D) 136

v What is the difference in the average rate for the given years between
hepatitis and typhoid?

(A) 2.525. (B) 31 (C) 55.25 (D) None of these

41
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

Directions: Study the following chart to answer the questions given below :

% population. below
Village
poverty line

Rampur 35
Maheshpur 40
Narayanpur 38
Dinapur 45
Laxmipur 32

Proportion of Population of five villages in 2004

v In 2005, the population of Rampur as well as . Dinapur is increased by 12% from


the year 2004. If the population of Rampur in 2004 was 4,000 and the
percentage of population below poverty line in 2005 remains the same as in 2004,
find approximately the population of Dinapur below poverty line in 2005 :

(A) 1,510 (B) 1,520 (C) 1,500 (D) 1,550

v If in 2006 the population of Maheshpur is increased by 8%, the population of N


arayanpur is reduced by 10% from 2004 and the population of N arayanpur in
2004 was 7,000, what will be the total population of Maheshpur and Narayanpur
in 2006?

(A) 11,550 (B) 11,484 (C) 11,200 (D) 12,285 (E) 11,490

v Ifin 2004 the total population of five villages together was 35,000
approximately, what will be population of Narayanpur in that year below poverty
line?

42
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

(A) 4,600 (B) 4650 (C) 4,665 (D) 4655 (E) 4,675

v If the population of Laxmipur below poverty line in 2004 was 1,240, what was
the population of Maheshpur in 2004?

(A) 4,600 (B) 4,650 (C) 4,750 (D) 4,660 (E) 4,720

v If the population of Narayanpur is 6,300 in 2004, what will be the ratio of the
population of Narayanpur below poverty line to that of Maheshpur below poverty
line in that year?

. (A) 133 : 96 (B) 122 : 95 (C) 96 : 133 (D) 233 : 96 (E) 133 : 95

Directions: Answer the questions based on the following graph:

Revenue obtained by a publishing house while selling books, magazines and journals
(Rs. in lakh).

I!§lIJournals ~Magazjnes DSooks

v Which year shows the highest change in revenue obtained from journals?

(A) 1989 (B) 1990 (C) 1991 (D) 1992

v In 1992, what per cent of the total revenue came from books?

(A) 45% (B) 55% (C) 35% (D) 25%

v The number of years in which there was an increase in revenue from at least two
categories is?

(A ) 1 (B) 3 (C ) 2 (D) 4

43
YUWAM ARITHMETIC
INDORE

v If 1993 were to show the same growth as 1992 over 1991, the revenue in 1993
must be :

(A) Rs. 194 lakh (B) Rs. 187lakh (C) Rs. 172lakh (D) Rs. 177 lakh

v The growth in total revenue from 1989 to 1992 is:

(A) 21% (B) 28% (C) 15% (D) 11%

YUWAM – INDORE
222, SRINAGAR EX. NEAR
L.I.G. (M.P.)

PH: 0731-4037754,
9826074776

44