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OnLinePartialDischarge(PD)TestingonHighVoltageCable.

Abstract: High voltage insulation breakdown has been the main causes of high voltage
system breakdown. It is found that this phenomenon occurs due to the existence of partial discharge within voids found in the insulation of XLPE cables, which is produced accidentally duringtheextrusionprocessofthecables.Theeffectofpartialdischargewouldlead toserious breakdown of power cable systems and electrical apparatus failures. Many appropriate techniquescan be used to evaluate the condition of XLPE cables. Many appropriate techniques canbeusedtoevaluatetheconditionofXLPEcables.Oneofthetechniquesispartialdischarge testing.

Introduction: Partial discharge detection is nowadays a very well established method for
monitoring the insulation condition of an electrical apparatus. The breakdown of insulation whileinservicecancauseconsiderabledamagetoanapparatusandtothesystemtowhichitis connected. It has been recognized that failures of this type often may be related to the occurrence and severity of partial discharges within voids and/or on the surface of the insulation.Partialdischargeisanelectricaldischargethatonlypartiallybridgesthedielectricor insulatingmediumbetweenconductors.

Therearefourtypesofpartialdischargeincable:
1)

Internal discharges: Internaldischargesaredischargesincavitiesorvoidswhichlie

inside the volume of the dielectric or at the edges of conducting inclusions in a solid or liquidinsulatingmedium. 2) Surface discharges: Surface discharges are discharges from the conductor into a gas or a liquid medium and form on the surface of the solid insulation not covered by theconductor. 3) Corona discharges: Corona is a discharge in a gas or liquid insulation around the conductorsthatareawayorremovedfromthesolidinsulation. 4) Discharge in electrical trees: Electrical trees discharge is a discharge in the hollows, whereby electrical trees start from defects in the insulation and after treeing hasprogressedforsometime,thesteamandthelargerbranchesgrowhollow. Therefore, the partial discharge technique is an appropriate technique to evaluate the conditionoftheXLPEcable.

PartialDischargetestingmethods: 1) Off Line PD measurement: Off Line PD measurement generally consists HV source,
Coupler and other devices. This type of measurement only possible at manufacturing facilityfor220Kvcables.Thistypeofmeasurementisnoteconomicalatsite.

2) On Line PD measurement: On Line PD measurement through HFCT is generally used


at site. The HFCT sensor should be attached in away where it can intercept either the conductor PD current (i+) or the earth PD current (i) there are 3 options to do this, dependingonthecabletermination.

1x HFCT around the core of each phase after earth screen has been taken off to measure i+, theconductorPDcurrent.Connectioncanonlybeperformedafterisolatingthesupply.

1xHFCTaroundtheearthscreen/drainwireofeachphasetomeasuretheearthPDcurrentI. The HFCT is placed around the earth screen, to detect the earth PD current i. Option 2 is recommended when permanent or semipermanent HFCT installations are made as the HFCT sensorinthiscaseisnotsituatedwithintheelectricfieldofthecabletermination.

HFCT around core and 2xearth straps, the earth strap currents cancel leaving the conductor PD current, i+. This is the best position for the sensor attachment for online PD testing as thish as a double loop of the earth screen. This has the effect of cancelling out the PD signal i and any noisepulsesontheearth,leavingonlytheconductorPDcurrenti+.

It is possible to modify cable terminations when they are not suitable for online PD testing. For lead plumbed terminations on paper insulated (PILC) cables it is not possible to do this easily (without melting down the lead!). However, in many cases with XLPE cables, when there is an insulated gland and a shorting link has been used) there are some options for simple modificationstobemadetoaccessthePDsignals,asfollows. Option 1: Lengthen the shorting link by using a looped, braided earth cable so that an HFCT sensorcanbeplacedaroundit. Option 2: Remove the shorting bracket completely so the PD currents will flow down the cableearthstrapwheretheHFCTcouldthenbeinstalled. Option 3: Where insulated washers are not used and there is an accessible earth strap, insulatedwasherscouldbeaddedtotheboltsthatconnecttheterminationtothecablebox. For further advice and information on Online PD testing of cables contact MTEKPRO technologiesPvt.Ltd,NewDelhi.Ph:+911146173333,Email:info@mtekpro.com.