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Economic of Chilled Water Storage System

What is Chilled water storage system?


Produce chilled water during night time off peak hours Utilize the chilled water during daytime evening peak hours, reducing operation or stopping main chillers. Requirement : large insulated tank with high volume.

Chilled Water A/C System


Non-Storage Air conditioning system High Initial Cost o High equipment cost o High space requirement High operating cost Load Level partial storage system Low initial cost o Low equipment cost o Low space requirement Low operating cost Full-storage system High Initial cost Cost may be higher than the non storage system Low space requirement Low operating cost (lower than the load level partial storage system)

Analysis of operating cost of load leveling partial storage system


2797.5 kWh

174 kW

Analysis of operating cost of load leveling partial storage system


Cooling load = Area under the cooling load curve Chiller COP Enegy Cost per day Enegy Cost per year (300 days) 2797.5 kWh 4 7902.94 Rs/Day 2370881.25 Rs/Yr

Chiller Capacity Chiller COP


Calculation of annual enegy saving

174 kW 4

Duration 22:30-05:30 05:30-08:00 08:00-17:00 17:00-18:30 18:30-22:30

ON/OFF ON OFF ON OFF OFF

Annual Energy Energy Electricity Energy (300days) Peak / Off- charge Hours of Usage usage Charge Energy Charge peak / Day (Rs) operation (kWh) (kWh) (Rs/Day) (Rs/Yr) Off - peak 7.00 7 1218 304.5 2131.50 639450.00 Day 11.30 2.5 0 0 0.00 0.00 Day 11.30 9 1566 391.5 4423.95 1327185.00 Day 12.30 1.5 0 0 0.00 0.00 Peak 21.00 4 0 0 0.00 0.00 Total 1966635.00 Annual Saving 404246.25

Applications
Off-peak air conditioning Industrial / process cooling District cooling

Conclusion
If the application operates during the peak hours more benefits can be taken because of higher difference of energy charge per unit between the peak and off-peak Saving balances the initial installation cost Partial load shift systems often offer the lowest combination of capital and operating cost Operating cost and net capital cost should be analyzed using the life cycle cost method or other method to determine which design is best for the project Other items to be considered are space requirement's, reliability, and ease of interface with the planned delivery equipment

Thank you

Customer Category

Energy charge (LKR/kWh)

Fixed Charge (LKR/ month)

Maximum Fuel Demand adjustment Charge charge (% permonth of Energy (LKR/kVA) Charge)

Peak (1830hr 2230hr) Industry I-1 I-2 I-3 Street Lighting 12.50 21.00 24.00 17.00

Off-Peak Day (0530hr(2230hr1830hr) 0530hr) 600.00 3000.00 3000.00 None 15.00 15.00 15.00 0.00

7.00 6.00

11.30 10.50

1100.00 1000.00 None