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Red list 2013: threatened species across the regions of the world

More than 71,000 species across the world have been assessed in the latest update of the IUCN red list. See the latest statistics from the report by each country or area

The Okapi, unique to the rainforests of the Democratic Republic of Congo is now on the brink of extinction, according to the latest update of the red list by the IUCN.

The latest update of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list has been published today. A total of 71,576 species have now been assessed, of which 21,286 are threatened with extinction according to the international organisation. The Okapi, also known as the 'forest giraffe', and one of Africa's rarest birds - the sub-Saharan whitewinged Flufftail - are now on the brink of extinction according to the latest update. The latest red list also highlights how almost 200 species of bird are now critically endangered. But the red list update does provide some good news for some of the species assessed. Two species of albatross are reported as having a lower risk of extinction due to increases in their populations and the Island fox, previously recorded as critically endangered, is now listed as near threatened. According to the IUCN, the Island fox is approaching recovery after a decline in the mid-90s mainly attributed to disease and predation by non-native species.

The number of species assessed in the IUCN red list, by category


Category Total species assessed Total threatened species Extinct Extinct in the Wild Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable Near Threatened Lower Risk/conservation dependent Least Concern Data Deficient Number 71,576 21,286 799 61 4,286 6,451 10,549 4,822 241 32,486 11,881

More than 71,000 species have been assessed across the world by the IUCN in the latest update of the red list. The fact that 11,881 species are deemed data deficient shows the difficulties faced in trying to analyse the status of such a variety of species at such a level. The IUCN state that although not all of the world's species have been assessed, the red list provides a "useful snapshot of what is happening to species today and highlights the urgent need for conservation action". Of 71,576 species that have now been assessed, 21,286 are threatened with extinction. Species listed as critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable are collectively described by the IUCN as threatened. The chart above shows what proportion each of the categories make up of the total number of threatened species. The IUCN assign species to one of eight categories of threat based on whether they meet criteria linked to population trend, population size, structure and geographic range. The table below shows the number of threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group). The asterisk signals a group that has not yet been completely assessed. The IUCN stress that the figures for these groups should be interpreted as the number of species known to be threatened within those species that have been assessed to date, and not as the overall total number of threatened species for each group. The downloadable spreadsheet has more detail on the species that have changed red list status. Can you do anything interesting with the data?

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country Algeria Egypt Libya Morocco Tunisia Western Sahara Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Mammals 14 18 12 17 13 9 15 11 7 9 11 38 4 8 13 5 11 Birds 11 10 4 11 7 2 26 10 11 10 13 25 4 14 12 9 5 36 20 9 6 15 27 5 Reptiles* 8 12 6 13 6 1 4 4 0 1 0 5 5 1 1 4 3 4 5 0 6 6 1 4 Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total* 3 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 5 55 0 0 0 0 0 13 14 0 4 0 11 3 36 40 24 44 35 24 40 28 2 4 17 112 23 3 1 7 47 84 46 17 29 20 14 62 9 0 0 34 5 0 5 0 0 1 4 11 12 0 4 0 5 43 3 1 0 1 4 0 13 53 0 8 6 1 2 1 0 0 3 14 0 0 0 72 0 8 1 56 3 57 11 1 17 2 3 34 7 0 34 15 2 3 6 379 3 18 4 7 38 95 105 3 68 4 40 120 111 135 49 163 80 37 126 69 22 28 59 639 51 44 35 104 109 314 217 93 135 113 141 210

Congo, Democratic 31 Republic Cte d'Ivoire Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon 23 7 19 10 33 15

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Runion Rwanda Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Sao Tom and Principe Senegal Seychelles Mammals 10 16 21 12 29 2 18 65 8 12 16 7 1 12 12 12 26 5 20 Birds 10 18 18 8 35 7 13 35 16 14 13 9 3 28 27 10 19 6 15 Reptiles* 3 4 8 5 7 0 5 136 1 2 5 8 7 8 5 1 8 0 0 Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total* 0 12 5 0 9 0 4 69 5 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 13 0 6 24 45 67 31 69 1 54 87 101 2 31 15 4 54 27 4 60 10 9 0 0 1 0 17 0 1 24 7 0 0 27 0 3 0 1 1 16 0 0 3 4 0 66 2 8 84 9 0 1 80 69 64 1 0 14 69 2 5 117 28 5 187 4 48 373 23 7 0 91 0 58 27 3 168 17 6 52 215 152 61 419 16 151 873 170 37 66 237 84 230 100 31 309 123 58

19

30

66

5 16 6

13 14 10

5 6 11

3 0 6

13 46 19

1 10 36

2 1 122

36 10 62

78 103 272

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Swaziland Tanzania, United Republic of Togo Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe Antarctica Bouvet Island French Southern Territories Heard Island and McDonald Islands Mammals 17 15 24 0 16 6 36 10 25 10 9 2 1 3 Birds 14 15 43 15 18 12 45 10 22 16 15 4 1 12 Reptiles* 5 4 21 0 3 0 18 3 2 0 3 0 0 4 Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total* 2 0 19 0 0 0 58 2 6 1 6 0 0 0 48 26 87 0 21 4 175 24 61 20 3 0 1 3 3 2 22 0 0 0 15 0 9 13 0 0 0 0 3 60 144 0 50 0 92 1 10 1 5 0 0 0 54 42 101 2 19 11 475 12 48 14 17 0 0 0 146 164 461 17 127 33 914 62 183 75 58 6 3 22

10

12

South Georgia and the South Sandwich 3 Islands China Hong Kong Japan 75 2 27

85 20 38 25 28

39 4 14 2 2

87 5 19 1 2

121 13 66 14 18

15 1 33 0 0

61 7 137 3 4

475 6 17 8 6

958 58 351 62 69

Korea, Democratic 9 People's Republic of Korea, Republic of 9

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country Macao Mongolia Mammals 0 11 Birds 4 20 22 6 8 0 14 30 18 0 24 26 0 80 121 23 45 0 44 33 74 15 15 Reptiles* 0 0 8 0 2 9 1 23 3 2 7 19 0 52 32 16 28 3 29 9 39 5 11 Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total* 0 0 10 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 3 3 0 74 32 5 47 0 0 3 48 0 56 5 2 60 2 8 36 21 18 3 9 7 40 1 213 145 55 71 18 40 7 72 25 43 0 0 1 3 3 8 6 0 0 0 0 1 0 6 6 16 32 0 3 1 3 0 0 1 3 127 6 3 28 18 7 1 69 8 76 1 128 281 5 227 46 74 2 234 173 130 0 0 79 1 2 12 17 17 9 1 104 32 0 325 404 32 705 0 46 9 229 58 286 10 36 317 22 30 124 88 130 62 81 187 234 2 973 1,206 197 1,226 69 282 95 737 287 571

Taiwan, Province of 10 China Belarus Moldova 4 4

Russian Federation 31 Ukraine Bangladesh Bhutan 11 34 27

British Indian Ocean 0 Territory Brunei Darussalam 34 Cambodia Disputed Territory India Indonesia 37 0 95 185

Lao People's 45 Democratic Republic Malaysia Maldives Myanmar Nepal Philippines Singapore Sri Lanka 71 2 46 31 38 11 30

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country Thailand Timor-Leste Viet Nam Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Cyprus Georgia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Israel Jordan Kazakhstan Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lebanon Oman Pakistan Mammals 57 4 54 11 9 7 3 5 10 17 14 15 13 16 6 6 10 10 24 Birds 47 7 44 14 13 15 3 5 11 22 16 14 10 22 8 12 9 10 29 10 4 15 15 12 Reptiles* 27 2 41 1 7 9 4 5 7 13 3 10 6 1 3 2 7 8 10 4 2 3 8 2 Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total* 4 0 17 1 0 1 0 0 1 4 1 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 96 6 73 5 3 10 9 19 9 31 11 35 13 15 11 3 21 25 34 0 12 24 33 5 15 0 17 0 1 2 1 1 3 2 1 7 2 2 1 0 5 3 0 0 1 2 1 0 196 1 108 1 6 4 13 4 10 21 15 60 54 4 13 3 5 29 18 2 13 58 8 2 131 1 169 3 1 0 0 18 0 2 1 0 1 15 0 14 2 6 4 0 0 3 4 12 573 21 523 36 40 48 33 57 51 112 62 143 99 76 42 40 59 91 119 20 35 115 85 41

Palestinian Territory, 3 Occupied Qatar Saudi Arabia 3 10

Syrian Arab Republic 16 Tajikistan 8

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country Turkey Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Yemen Albania Andorra Austria Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Faroe Islands Finland France Germany Gibraltar Greece Greenland Guernsey Holy See (Vatican) Mammals 17 9 8 10 9 3 2 3 2 4 7 8 2 2 1 4 1 8 5 5 10 7 0 1 Birds 16 16 9 16 15 6 1 9 4 6 14 12 7 3 5 1 6 9 7 3 12 1 0 0 Reptiles* 20 2 3 2 6 4 1 1 0 3 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 9 0 0 0 Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total* 11 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 5 0 0 0 70 11 14 7 24 39 0 11 11 31 19 60 2 15 5 8 6 46 23 12 75 7 2 0 18 1 1 1 3 49 4 43 6 17 25 44 6 5 3 0 3 90 31 3 64 0 0 0 20 5 15 1 66 6 4 27 8 17 11 19 18 10 3 0 7 37 27 0 49 0 0 0 10 4 0 17 162 0 0 13 0 1 6 8 11 2 0 0 2 32 17 0 57 1 0 0 182 48 50 54 286 109 12 107 31 80 84 156 46 37 17 13 25 229 110 23 281 16 2 1

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country City State) Hungary Iceland Ireland Isle of Man Italy Jersey Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Svalbard 2 6 5 1 7 0 1 0 3 0 5 3 2 6 3 7 5 11 7 6 3 5 16 2 10 1 3 0 10 0 6 0 6 1 11 3 0 12 4 4 8 8 14 11 8 5 12 1 1 0 1 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 3 0 0 0 4 2 1 0 1 20 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 6 0 9 12 21 2 47 2 6 0 6 1 13 17 11 26 13 19 7 55 19 11 5 29 70 2 8 0 2 0 73 0 4 2 2 5 61 3 1 22 5 4 7 75 11 5 6 32 141 0 26 0 1 0 57 0 8 2 5 2 7 0 0 12 5 7 16 14 27 18 16 42 70 0 10 0 1 0 66 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 2 0 3 11 81 6 5 8 7 213 0 66 19 34 3 273 2 25 4 23 9 99 30 14 84 30 44 54 249 86 57 46 123 548 5 Mammals Birds Reptiles* Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total*

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom Belize Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Aruba Bahamas Barbados Bermuda Bonaire Cayman Islands Cuba Curaao Dominica Mammals 1 2 5 9 10 6 17 8 101 7 16 1 2 2 6 3 4 0 1 14 1 3 Birds 4 3 4 5 22 6 14 12 61 15 19 1 2 1 7 2 1 2 2 18 2 3 15 1 Reptiles* 0 0 1 7 11 8 22 29 95 9 8 7 6 2 8 4 3 0 4 16 0 4 14 6 Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total* 0 1 0 6 63 10 83 60 211 11 50 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 49 0 2 32 1 12 9 43 31 50 14 26 30 154 31 42 19 19 15 30 21 16 0 20 35 9 20 22 20 4 10 6 0 1 0 2 0 6 2 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 11 33 9 12 29 7 7 18 84 16 22 10 11 1 11 11 28 0 10 23 0 11 16 10 5 4 15 33 129 29 93 118 362 43 202 3 4 2 8 3 4 0 2 176 0 10 38 3 37 62 83 103 315 80 264 275 1,074 134 359 41 44 24 71 44 56 2 40 331 12 53 143 44

Dominican Republic 6 Grenada 3

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country Guadeloupe Haiti Jamaica Martinique Montserrat Mammals 5 5 5 2 3 Birds 2 14 10 4 3 0 9 0 2 5 1 Reptiles* 7 15 10 7 3 7 14 2 5 6 3 Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total* 3 49 15 2 1 0 14 0 1 0 0 19 21 22 12 18 21 21 3 20 21 5 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15 14 15 0 11 11 0 11 10 11 11 8 38 212 8 5 3 54 2 2 6 2 60 156 289 37 44 45 115 19 42 51 23

Netherlands Antilles 3 Puerto Rico Saint Barthlemy 3 1

Saint Kitts and Nevis 2 Saint Lucia 2

Saint Martin (French 1 part) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Sint Maarten 2 0

2 2 4 3 2 1 15 2 77 48 53

6 0 5 4 9 10 6 0 37 6 3

1 0 8 0 2 2 1 0 56 30 34

21 1 25 19 18 16 36 0 236 37 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 301 0 2

10 0 10 10 10 0 10 0 265 13 1

4 0 1 7 10 12 2 0 271 69 98

46 3 55 45 52 43 86 6 1,278 242 212

Trinidad and Tobago 2 Turks and Caicos Islands 2

Virgin Islands, British 1 Virgin Islands, U.S. Canada Saint Pierre and Miquelon United States Argentina Bolivia 2 11 4 35 39 21

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Falkland Islands (Malvinas) French Guiana Guyana Paraguay Peru Suriname Uruguay Mammals 82 20 54 45 4 8 11 9 55 9 10 Birds 151 32 113 95 9 6 14 27 123 7 22 Reptiles* 29 2 22 26 0 6 5 3 9 5 5 Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total* 33 22 216 175 0 3 4 0 102 1 5 84 20 54 52 5 27 28 0 21 26 38 22 1 0 48 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 32 11 33 17 0 0 1 0 4 1 2 504 71 238 1843 5 16 23 19 318 26 22 937 179 730 2,301 23 66 86 58 636 75 104

Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic 34 of American Samoa Australia Christmas Island Cocos Islands Cook Islands Fiji French Polynesia Guam Kiribati Marshall Islands Micronesia 1 55 3 2 1 6 0 2 1 2 7

43

14

74

37

25

77

305

8 50 3 0 15 14 32 13 6 3 9

6 43 4 1 3 14 2 5 2 4 7

0 47 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0

9 106 7 9 11 13 27 9 11 12 20

5 171 0 0 0 68 34 6 1 1 4

59 334 18 20 32 97 31 7 80 72 111

1 90 1 0 1 65 47 4 0 0 5

89 896 36 32 63 278 173 46 101 94 163

Threatened species in each country (totals by taxonomic group) Source: IUCN red list Country Nauru New Caledonia New Zealand Niue Norfolk Island Mammals 1 9 9 1 0 Birds 2 15 68 8 11 15 4 36 10 6 21 1 5 1 9 9 Reptiles* 0 54 14 3 2 4 3 9 0 5 5 2 4 3 4 2 Amphibians Fishes* Molluscs*Other Inverts*Plants*Total* 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 11 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 9 30 23 8 4 12 15 47 9 13 18 8 12 10 15 11 0 27 32 0 12 4 40 2 5 1 2 0 4 1 4 1 68 97 10 30 11 53 106 179 11 61 149 35 43 77 88 64 0 258 21 0 1 5 4 145 7 2 17 0 4 0 10 1 80 490 181 50 41 97 176 468 43 90 234 46 74 93 137 88

N. Mariana Islands 4 Palau 4

Papua New Guinea 39 Pitcairn Samoa Solomon Islands Tokelau Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna 1 2 20 0 2 1 7 0