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Printed In Chin
. .................
fottword xi
Pref;tce xili
How lhls book Is xv
Nomenclature xvii
TOt'K'S xh
Acknowledgements xx
Sources x;xi
Part I Theoretical printiplN of point curnbination
1 introduction 3
Ue\'clS of 3
Aru.lysis, lntul-tk>n and Hnpirlcism 4
\\'estern. Chinese and enetg:)' lheorii'5 .a
Acupunch..ln!, work. mt'ditation ;md counselling 5
2 The body and the enet'S)' centres 1
Thi' body 7
The energy centres 8
The cncrgy '-ntres and treatment 9
Bala.n(ing the three m31in centres 10
3 The ori&iN of diseases 13
Introduction I J
Exterior factors 15
factors 16
Ufestyk> factors 16
lll.nm from tf(latmMt 18 and .eli-help 19
t The ten personality type 21
lntrodwction ll
Firt 14
The nature of Fire 24
Yin and FiN types 2,5
Life lessons of the fi-re type 25
Point c:ombiruations 26
artlr 16
The nature of .nth 26
Yin and Yang Earth tytX'S 27
Ufe lessons o! the F.arth types 28
Point combin.uions 28
Mtt11l 28
The n;aturc of Mctal 28
Yi1\ 11nd Mtt., l types 30
U(e I(!>SOns Ol thc Mt-tal typt's 31
Point comb\nalions 31
Water 31
Th<' nMun."" ,.,, Water 32
Yin Jnd W3ter types 32
l ife lessons oi the Water types 33
Point oonlbinations 33
11'00<1 .JJ
l 'h, ruuuru of \'\'ood 33
YI-n :md Y:t.nS Wood t)'p<'$ 34
life lessons of the Wood types 35
Point combinatiOO$ 35
S MaJntaining\te of \'in and YJng Ji
Deficient Yin and Deficient Ya:'lg 37
De6dency of Yin in modt'tn sodNy 3i'
T of Dclicl('nt Yin 38
Yin .md Y,l.llS ptrsonlllit)' types 39
F .. 'tlUlc and male 39
Children .1nd 40
Yin-Yang a_nd the Jgelng proctSS 40
lh>atment of Oc:Jldelt Yang 40
Yin- Yang and thf' four imb.llanc:es 41
6 Exct ss, St agnation .utd lrreguluity 43
The four m._,.in Qi imb.dane'E'S 43
Otht'T 44
Combinations of the four main 45
Cl"'s.si6c.1tion of the OrgJn syndromts 45
\ '
Copyrghl<>d n IPria
Introduction 1
Acupu.ncture can oper.lte nt thrt"C mo1in levels:
This book is not concerned \\;th acupuncture at the first level, the treatment o(
symptoms, unless the underlying causes are .;d$0 considert-d. Jt is assumed that the
reader is familiar with the treatment of meridian problem$. by the usual o;,mbination
o( Ah Shi points, loot points and distal poi.nts on the me-rid.i.a.ns affected. Therefore
there are no lists of points g-i\'en sep.uatt.>!y for purely local problems such as ankle
probl(?ms, knet" problems, elbow problems and so on. Also there are no lists of points
given to treat symptoms, s1ncc the lowest level of treatment in this book is the $ccond
level. the tre.ltment of ors-m S)"Stcm syndromes.
ln Part 11, point combinations are gi\' en for the organ system S)' ndromes as,socio.ted
with each of the main acupuncturl! p<1ints. For example. for SP.6. point rombin.ation>
arr ghen for nine main S)'ndromes, associated with physical or psychologiCJl
Part III rontaJns point combinations for the organ syndromes associatl'CI \\ith some
of tht' diseases commonly treated by acupuncture. For \"xa mple, for asthma. 10
syndromes o1re diS(l.Jssed.
Th" most acupuncture treatment is done when the point combination is
tailored to meet the specific needs of an individual. Point combin.J.tions arc given for
some of the lifestyle factors in Chapter 3 and for the 10 psychological types ln Chapter
Copyrghlcd m lcria
4. and lor ' 'arious psy<hd<>g1<al dl50<d<>rs In Chop!<'J
HowC\'\.'T. these combi."lations 01re only guidelines .1.nd
may be nuxlificd or change!d. acanding to individual
requm"1nent. Acupuncture at IC\'t"l or tht: indi\'idual is
b.lS('d on ,') detJiled undcrst.mdjng or the pcrson;dity type
tmd life problems. and a of empiricism,
anai)'Si" and iruuition.
Tllc mCJ'i't dft-ctive "--ombinations .ue crt..'.tted wh'"-n each of
the three r.,C'\I!tles - empiriasm. -'Julysis IJnd intuHion-
are well develop.--d and in b..tlan wtlh eJch otheT.
This is the practic.JI, downtorarlh (.lculty o( tTial and
t.'rror. Tht.' practitioner hears that cerlldn combinations olrt
ond tries them uur w fhHI which ones are
crt'cctlvc in different situations. The pmctltiOt\er not
any nnalyticJl or intuitive of why the
comblndtions are but hM simply dctcnnin('(i
thu. through and obscr\',Uion.
I( empncism is not babnced with intUition and anot1
y:'li). it can t!a.sily lecKl to J nlhJnl(al .1ppro.lch to
drupuncture, \o\hkh ignon.S the of tlw patk-nt and
conc:t"ntrates on tC"mporar)' by rchM"'nS symp-
toms. Howe\'er, empiricism is vit.slly importont to bring
intuition itnd down to earth and root in
reality. It can be easy to confuse tniC' intuition with
fo1nt.llt)' and -.:uphoria, .tnd it cJn be easy to bl! so
prl'()('('Upil.'d lVith the inttdlectudl Of a treatment
stri.\tegy th.1t its effectheness bet"Oih("S of secondary
On the o:hcr hand, in the of
praelicc, it c.-n l1e t>a5y to btronlt: so confused by
tht"'!' compk-(jty as to lose ,til llS 1
Perhi'IJ>" tlw in profe-ssional acupunc-
ture trilining in the Wt51 is on the development of tht-
(, Nh). Sludents spend a long, timt In memo-
rizing infont\lltion .;md in kaming the thooretkl pnnd
pies of Ch1ncsc medicine. It i.'i absolutely nC."Cl.'ISilr")' tholl
students lt'dm 6nd understand the theory J.S thorough!)*
as possible, othemise 1hcy c.1nnot diffcrentl,,te tho syn
dromcs, or und('rstnnd how to dC'Sign d fcctlvc point
combinations for fi owl"\' Ct, O\'CI'l'mplmsi.s of
the analyt1cJI lrtculty c-an lead to the pr.lcti11oocr
b\.'Coming 106t in a fascin:dns , .. orld ol throry. or berom
ing limited by slr\.":SS and cunhuton. n,is can
the .abilil)' to tmlpdthae with the patitmt tu
sensib,e to then f{lltlinss and ne<'ds. H can also le-ad, in
some CilHS. to a nk."'fft.t1 rigidity bordering on l"rwtkis:m.
in which the Art' brn: to fit the theory. ro1ther
the theory rT\;ldC" to fit the f.lcts..
Most illness in thl \\'t-st i5 rciJll.-d to cmolhma1 imbi.11
<'lnc:cs. HunMn cmolions arc fluid, ou'd to the knowt.,.-dge
of the author, no intellectual scheme has cvt.r been made
thal is comprehensive enough and flexible enough to
de5eribe thc1n Scl llsfactorily. The faC\Jity Cl f Intuition \lnd
the ability to l ccl and pcrtei\"f' the (!motions o(
with s')'mpathy 11nd scn.sitivity, is thcrdore inv.lluablc to
During J ronsult.1tion the pr.1ctitioncr m.l)' hct 12 dcJr
fee or perception or the t!motiOilill stnt<.. or of
tht! ovNrtll p.ltHrn o( their life. SimliMiy, during the
treatment. the pmctitiot, cr may set a !;Irons fl-cling to \ ll'C
a certain point combinJtion, whkh then proves to be
effective. 14; intunion.
lntuitlon s not a subsbtute foe it is comple
mentJ.ry to it Intuition and an.tlysi.s em be checknl
ag;tinst ch other. nd bo<h must be pnwt<l b) empori
osm OthCf\\'l.W u ts 'C!<rY eb)' f01r th<- to
confuse true intuttion \\'i th and t\ilh their
emotional Intuition is a_n ability '"'' hkh neNs
fong and rar('ful training, and it is hopl'd ahat in lhe
future., th is C4n increasingly inrorpor.ltcd into acu
puncture course-,. It is espt.>Oally important to intt-gratc
the development of intuition with the facuhil:.s of ,tnalysis
and cmp1ridsm.
Professaon.t1 trainings in the \Vf'Cil s\ner,ally
teach point rombinaticm in tcnns or the lht'
principles of Chinese medicine. J-lowcnr. thtre arc ltvo
other throrrticl syst.;-ms !hat arc lnc.'Tt'asingly being used
C rY'f hi m na

as a basis for point S<'lcction: these \lTC the systems of
ml"did ne and energy healing.
There is .m incr('.l!:>ins a wareness of relationship of
acupuncture poin!s to the .s(.-gmental orga1tizotion of tlw
body. i\ Ctlpuncture points can treat not only problems of
chc dcnn.Homc Jnd mvotomf;' in which the\ are located,
' .
but also problems of the organ systems regulated by that
pair of spin,\1 nerves and assot ia!cd autonomic:
B'I" Sii.a. Point combinati ons C<l n bl?: on this basis.
For example, CV.5. BL22 .1nd BLSJ crul be combined for
urinary frequency and Nck p.Jin al Lht- level of the fi rst
lumbar vcrtcbr.l, or CV. 13 and ST.20 for sour regurgita
lion rand C'pig.lstric pain.
This syst<'m. labelled 'energy work', 'healing. Qi
Gong.. or wh.1tc .... cr. is based on the ability of the
pmctHjoner to perceive the encrt;y Oows within th e body
of the p(ttient. and to modify or dif(>(t them in ontcr to
rebalance the energies and effLoct healing.
The b.1sic conc('pt is that the solid mntcri.11 of the
human body is pttrmeated and surrounded by d field of
enCrg}'. within which there an major and minor
flows, corresponding in to the i.'l cupum:turc clli.'lnnd
system. The ccntr:ll axis of thc.-sc flows is constituted
by the circulation of energy through the Governor-
Conception channel S)'Stem. The lhcor)' propOS('S thill
upon this <cntml vertical .txis nn: loculc.. -d the cncrgy
('(Jntres. or chakras. which 31'(> maJOr point:s or
dow. Each C01.'f'SY centre hoas its spcdflc functions
and pathologies. so thdt point combinations can be bdsed
on the GV or CV points located over the affected
For I.'Xilmplc, the Thro,u c."Cntrc govems ..xnnmu.nic.t
tion, and the Heart centre go\'ems the ftow of feelings in
d ose CV.2l and CV. J 7 can
combined for ft.'<'lings of constriction and djscomfort in

throat and chest. associated to stress within n-lalion
s hips.
Tilere are obv;ous ovetlaps between the of
Chin l"St' Wes tern medicine and healing.
The;- tmditionJ.I functions of the GV, CV and Hack
Transporting poin ts. bear clos.e to b()th \'\'(-"St
em segm(>ntal theory and to concept of energy
centres. Th<' author that the futurl! development of
clCUpUO(turc ma)' lie in .11l intcrp!.J)' and integration
betwee-n the syi>tems.
Tire I'Oinl rombimrtious iu tlt is (}(k>k arc maiuly bosr:d on
t1uo prinCiJIII''S of Cltiltl'Sf ttmlidtrr.. Howtt,er. tlr.- ptmual
tmplltHis of the autlror is on stlecJing poim combi1lati()tJ$
bastd Qu the i!rlt>rgy centrt'S, so tlral ncupll ncture c:au be
rtodily combiwtl willr work and ntt!dilflticm.
For cxampiC'. for depression associated with of
Kidneys and Heart, CV.4, CV, 17 Rf might be used as !he
basi" of the treatment, to stn?ngth'-"" thl' Dan Tian and
Heart t' nCtg) centres. Thl! Extra channel pair of SP..l +
PC.6 could be to thl! effect The
pr<lCtitio:'ler can then \lse the techniqul'S of ' energy work'
or Qi Gong. to enhance the acupuncture tre<'ltment, by
focusing t.'flcrgy at the: two Deficient centres, and by
directing energy between the pai_rs of n("t.' 'dlcs. e.g. be
twt>(>n SP.4 and C\1.4, or between CV.4 and CV. 17. In
addition. the patient can then be ghen Qi Gong or
meditation exercises to strengthen and balance the af
fcctcd energy C<' ntres, to begin a of pcroonal
change and self healing.
lu litis systtm. n commo11 princip!.- of treatmmt n,J(mliuates
point coml1iuaticms, .-trergy work aud
Qi Gong or meditations and vlsualizations given
to the p11ticnt C.Jn be made s p<:cific for individual
ctlily trpe' or even org.1.n system ... -s. For c)(amplc,
for the syndrome of Stagnant Lvng Qi assodatcd with
suppressed grief, heavy smoking and bronchitis, the
meditution c.1n fOC\1.$ em the centre o( the chest, use the
theme of opcnh\g, mo\'ing and cleansing. The energy of
the breath can be visu0l li7.ed as sparkli ng bright white
light, the colou_r associated with the Metal c-lement.
Counselling and psychotherapy can be ink-grat ed into
this system. wh!!n the practitioner is trained and ex-(Wri
<'need in these modatitics, Jnd n.-hen appropriate to th{'
Copyrghled m leria
patient' s nct.-ds. lndc:t.'\1, the Juthor believes that of
the strongest dcv('lopmencs of acupunctur( in the future
may be in the tll.'xiblc combination with energy work..
meditation and counselling. This relates the concept of
the energy body a nd eners> centres dealt with in the next

Copyrghlcd m leria
The energy body and the
energy centres
All objects have as-pects, that of apparently soUd mattE.'T and that of energy. This
applies to 1.111 objects, whether a table, a human being or a galaxy. For rut objl.-cts, the
solid matter is penneated and surrounded by a fi('ld of energy. Th<' two aspects are
inseparable, and arc two facets of the s.amt' phenomenon.
The entire universe is ll single continuous field of energy, with areas of varying
density. the densest areas being percehed as solid matter. AU m.1terial objel'CS arc
therefore in connection with each other via tht' underlying field of energy. A human
body can be scc.n as an isolated material object. scpJ.ratc from and unronnech.d to the
objects that surround it. Alternatively. a human body can be seen as an energy field,
which is connected with and from the energy fields of other bodies, and
the larger energy field of the universe.
\"/hen individuals identify \.rith the of the body as a separate material obja."t,
they can fec1 isolation. alicni\tion and fear. are the perception.-; of t'gP. the lower
self. When indi\iduals cxperit'nce the underlying unity bctwc."'L'l\ thentselvt.s and all
life, they can experience a deep feeling of peace, love and understanding. The
conscious awareness of the univers.1l life foi"C'e manifesting through an individual can
be collcd the higher solf.
The human energy body, sometimes called the etheric body, or cthcric web, pcnncatt.'S
and surrounds the wlid physka.l body. It is the !'lum of the energy fields of tht>
individual cells, tissues and organs, acting in coordination. It reflel:ts the activity of the
physical body. the thoughts and the:' C'motions.
The acupuncture points and the acupuncture channels can be seen as an interface
between the physical and e-nergy having aspects o( ead1. The so-called t"ncrgy
centres. or chakras, represent central areas coordination of energy flows within
the energy body. The energy C{o:ntres are along the central vertical axi-s of the
body, and are each usually 3Ssociat(-d with an gland. a group of spinal
neTves and an autonomic nt>rve plexus. In other words, mtb."'l of the energy centres
correspond to the segmental orga.ni7.ation of the body and the ncr..,ous system.
Copyrghlcd m Jeri a
nw <.xnct number, location and runctlun o' the energy
centres is a nwttcr of opinion, or it is morC'
uccuralc to s.1y Lhat different authors cmpha!b:e different
ur the same phenomt>non. lhc pt'r'Spetlh' e
.-.doptcd in this book rcJatcs to the lontion .md lndi\'idu.aJ
functions or the acupuncture points 0'1\ the ConC<"J>tiOn
and Covt':mor ch.a.nnels.
c ....... CVlt> sptrltu.\1 U!i', biLlnc. ol tlw spmt in
l>ooJy. t'IMCJon, .end mind
rln tins ek..:.r l""' 'l'l'llt'un. b.J.Lum. uf
mtmriCin and
CV.22- 2J .:omnlunkalion of nd
Hf'MI (.'V. I7 lao.C",
&.;.. l'kw' cv.u-u stn!-'1:1\'"f 10 \"''l'ttdONIS lnfh:n'lt:'f'S.
wM\...S .., tiW" f1
C\1. 12 whtchft

OM\ TYn CV...I-6
Sklr. and ben ot cna&' kw:
tk ph\'!l!Ol ftll ""ft'57 bodwt, foct
pusn! t:", ffiO'V\"I'l'ltnl .. l'ld "''111

CV.2-J cre.uivlt)' nd wll throogh
$t:OO. u r:d
1\:rintAI CV I gr,..undl"8 l'f thu 1-int '" thf'
i)(l\1), (\,lnf\..-.,'t.)n (!ilhf' bOd)'
with "--nl't,;h'll o( I he """ h
Nine enrgy 001tres are listed in Tble 2.1. although
there are Al!oo. the aspt of the on th..,
\'C."''ltr.Jl su.r(.xc has bcc:n emplu.sizt"<l, .,Jlhough the em
tres all on the dors.ll surlart. a$ )hQwn in
Figure 2 2 and Tabfe 2.2 larer.
11w CU\'l' nlDr and Con'ptlon llWt.' l Jt CV . I and
are ronnected bctwcC1\ CV.26 .lnd CV.24, completing oa
cin."Uit or cn<'rgy Oow lhrou:gh the midlines of the front
and Nck o( rhe head and body shown I n Figure 2. 1.
The t;nergy "ntres lie "'ithin the body i1nd both
dof'S.31 .and ventral ilSpt.""Cts as shown in Figure 2.2.
CV. l
Usually. the dorwJ aM vmlr3.1 olSJX'd.S are loc.ated at
appro.,inwtely the ume le"el but the Oan Tt.n t't'ntre ls
a notable The vmtral aspect is .11 tht level of
CV.4-6, whilst the dor'Soll aSpl"d iJ higher. at the level o(
CV.4. The run<Uons of the dors.1l and vffitral t15pc<ts are
similar, but the aspects generally have .1 more
function :.nci MO mon, related to I problcmt, whilst
the ventral nsp<.'<'tt sencraiJy h.;we a more Yin (untlion
and more to probl\.'mS.
Table 2.2 shows th(' correspondence in lontJon of the
et-ntrcs to the Go\emor. inner Bladder o.nd outer
Blddr lint points. Titere is a s!ront; functlonAI <om:
spondenro belween lh <entns and tht' thlt'O ltn .. o(
points. For .,._,mplo. the DAn Thn <mlrt, CV.4,
BL23 and BLS2. arc o11l conccmcd thC' IS\'Dkl.Jbility ol
:uored entrgy, and ambition. .tnd the Nlana!
betwtoen (ear and the '"til,
While there it a tom. 'Spondcncc between the
vt-nlrl1l ccntn.-:; and the Conception points, is not
such a s tror\g relationship betwetn the Kldn4.!y and
Stomach points these ventr.:tl ccntl't'i, os there is
\xotwecn tht: doi'S.ll centres and the Dltt dder polnts.
The energ)' C\."ntres. the ch.lru\cls .tnd th<' xupunctUI'C
pointS 4ft tl1J p..HI of the cnef};y cimJ!ation :i)':$1Cnt or lhc
body. Tht- dcupuncture pi.)intS ill\' located near the
smfaro, and affect bol:h the loc.1l supcrtkinl levels or
C. py I 1 m n

__ :.:.:-:\, Y:n
.CV. l1 ,-----------
CV.:l ' -----------
!;'I,, \
CV.6 \
c;v. I
- - --- - --- - - 1
- -------- _,,./ CV.l(
/ C'J. ll
\ (;\t ,
BL. JS \
8t..l1 \ - ----....
_. C'J. 2
CV. 1 CV. l
the skin and muscle and the inner org.1ns. The cn(.>rgy
centres are hx-..ncd dt.,>r in the body and are not so
much concerned with the supcrfidal layers. as with th(.>
internal balance of energy.
ln Westem medicine. the body is Sf.(n to be organized on
a segmental basis. F""ch S('gtnent consists of a vertebr>l,
a pair of spinal nerves and the associated dermatome and
myotome. There is considt:rabte overlap bctt.rccn the
dermatomes of ronse<UHve spinal nerves, just as there is
overlap in the functions of consecutive Go\'C'mor t:t_nd
Bladder points on the bdd:..
The (>nergy centres and the acupuncture points 01ppear
to have a dose correspondence in function to spinal
nerve> in whose segment they occuJ. A pair o( spinal
Cenlrt cv GV Below lnnu 81. Outer Dt.
pol.nt point Vtflt'bU. point polnt
( rohn CV20
. ..,.
Thro.ll CV2J GV. I 5 C.l
CV.22 GV. IJ C7
Hurt CV. l7 GV. II T.S Bl-!S Bl.. H
Sol.u P!t:,VS CV.14-15 (;V,9 T.7 01 .. 17 81. .. 46
Spli't"' CV. I2 c:v.6 T.ll 8L20
O.m Ti;tn CVA-6 cv ... 1..,2 Bl- 2J 61,..52
R.-producriw CVl- ) mid&.lt'rUO'I
(.'V.I ( ;V, l t:p of coayx
nerves may influence not only the skin and musdes of
their segment, but also organ neare!'t to it. In addilion
to thi!> physical function, the centres and the acupoints
arc to h..lvt! l: Hccts on the mind and lhc emotion$,
on the segment in which the)' .. ue located. For
example. BL.23 .1nd thP. Dan Tian centre c<an the
emotional a!>"FX'Ct ol fc.'lr and the mental aspoo of focus.:.-d
concentration on soals.
lJ'e centres may be linked 10 plexuSt..--s of the
autonomic system. For example, the Solar
centre may be a5SO(iated with the <:O<'liac plexus. Til('
v<Jrious effects of Solar Plexus centre over-stimulation
upon diffcrent organ systems may be mC'diat('d partly
by the scoond.lry plexuses conm.-ctcd with the coeliac
plexus. For e.xample. phrenic plexus to the d iaphrag1n,
the hepatic ple>ous to the liver, the gastric plexus to the
stomach, the splenic plexus to the spleen, the suprarenal
piE.'xus to the adren(ll glands. the plc,.us to the
Kidneys, and so on.
The exact relationship bch.,.(ocn the cnL'rgy centres and
the endocrine glands is not yet clear. Some rclationships
arc more obvious. :;uch as tlw Repr<>ductive L"entre with
the gonads, or the Sple('n ntrc with th(> pancre.u.
Others MC not clear bcc<1usco ol uncertainty about the
functions ot the cndoerine glands, for example the
and the thymus. The standard assodt'ltions 3t( shown in
Table 2.3.
Diagnosis can include of imbalanct:s within
Gopyrghlcd m Lcria
T.ablt 2.3 oUl;l.t ('nd<X'finl g1Mids
' fhn).ll
$o)!,tr J"k .):US
Sp!"'"' r"1n
Rcpl'(.-dtxti n:

J\.l fiO(' .. !>
and b\'h.,e(n the ('nergy Ct'flln.""'S. Tre.ltmenf can thi!n
(ocus on the rorn"t"tion of tht.."'Se imb3lancei, whether the
treJtment is acupuncture, Qi Gong, meditation. or c:oun
selling and psychotherapy.
The Co,cmor a.nd Conception chann els fonn the vertical
axis for the energy circulation of the body. l11ey c\re
dos<'ly linked with the F_xtra channels and with thf:'
Kidneys. The GV and CV points can be used together
with the Extra channel Opening points. as the basis of <1
system of acupuncture focusing on the en'rgy centres.
xmnpl t!
A t'Mn of 40 h:.d a condition t' f cold'ldS and f<'t't that was
aggra\oated by an>.iery and 1mpro\OO by His pulse was
h indf>tl"<<. \rrttular a11d nt<)\'i ng. 1'he w;,.:; th:t hls
attt"mptS to control hiS anxid)' had his hc.m
(unction 4100 thus impair.:d petipht_>ral dxulation. \Vheo both
the Md (':l)ntrol wt<n: as i.n work ot
CXt!trisc, the circttlal.ion impro\'t'd.
1ll(' point was on ,_trcngthcning the
Dan fian centre to twcrcome .3nd c.-aiming th-e
Plexus ttntrc to reduct' llnxictr .1nd his control or hc.n t
function. The Opening points on the Thoroushf.lro Jnd Yin
Unk chaorK'Is wm also tl.Sf._'<l to rf:'SUiiatc
CV.4 Rf CV. 14. PC.6. SPA E M
During nn tr("atmcnt, the prilctiticmcr can
consciously direct energy to a particular ct!ntre, or be
tween pairS of In example just given, the
practitioner could vi.suJiize energy flowing th rough t_hc
practitioner to stre1\gthen the patient's Dan Tian c;t.:ntn.,
or rould direct 'ners..v betwee-n p<llrs of needles, such as
SP.4 Jnd CV.4, or CV .14 and PC.6. The
techniques of Qi Gong ca_n the e(fectiveness of
Meditation te<hn.iqucs c.:tn trc,tt Dcftci{"ncy, E>.xcss, Stag
nation or o( energy in individual centws. and
c.;m also improve the b.ll.tnce bc!WC'I:>n the .:entrcs. In th('
example just given, p.:lticnt could ((l('uS on the O.m
Tian centre .md the enersy centres around Kl. l on the
solt':S of the (ect. Thl"S<' m<'ditntion ('X('rci.scs. done
whether lying, sitting. st.lnding or can help to
calm anxiety, and bring the aw.-reness away from the
head J.nd chest, .md into the ph)'Sical body as a \\' hole.
Counselling and psychotherapy c.1n be focused on
known energy centre irnbollance:s. Ovc.rJcthity of the
Solar Plexus centre c.1n indic.lle owrsensitivity 10 ('mO
tionJI innuences, .1nd deep insurity, ((';) t and anxiety.
There may be ('ar of losing control o( silua.tions, emotions
or mind. Counselling and psychotherapy com be com
bincd wi1h energy work, mnssJge or acupuncture, ditcetly
on the imbalanced centre, or indire,tly via another centre.
In the example earlier, if CV. J.;; is too sensitive. or if the
patient is too fearful to appi'O<lch energy blocks. CV. 4 c..ln
be str(ngthen('(( first, to give the patient the calmness an d
strength to O\letCome f ear.
Trainins in Qi Gong or meditation which is b.t scd on the
energy c::cntn. .. -s, c:;.a n be divided into thrcc stages or levels:
basic I l'entre
3 centres
9 t-"t'lltres .
The initial bask st.tge focuses on one centre, usually the
Dan Tian centre, in order to take attention aw.1y from the
head and upper body. so that the pentOn becomes more
grounded in the physical body. Once perSon has
embodied this basic training they can progress to cxcr
dses that strengthen each of the three centres and bal.m1."t'
them ,,,..ith each othe-r.
The three centtes chosen are usuall y the Brow centre, in
the middle of the head, the Heart C(>ntre in the mlddtc of
lhc chest. \'l nd the D.1n lian centre in the mjddlc of the
lower abdonwn. E.lCh of the-se t hree <entres t:an represent
diffC'rent facultie$ or Sh(nVn in 2.4.
Copyrghlcd m !eria
Hu rt
y'!n !.fng


The initial stage of all Qi Gong or meditation progr-am
mcrS is to rcl.tx deeply and experience .t profound inner
peace. ln lhe Three Centre exercise. the next stage is 1<.1
focus attention on tht> body centre to experience a feeling
of inner strengt h and energy. The third stagl! is to bring
the attention lt') the Heart Ct'Tltrc .md develop a feeling or
compassion and peace. The fourth stage is to bring the
attention to the Hclld centre and experience a feeli ng of
openness and light. In the final stage, the attention
returns to the Body centre. to bring awareness back to
When the three centres are strong and in harmony,
there is a balance between analysis. intuition and pr<'lcti
cality. In other words, comp.usion is bat..mccd wi1h
wisdom and strength.
f( th('t'C is '"cakncss in the Dan Ti;m centre, CV.4 CJn be
combined with points such as St.36 and K1.3, \\'hich
strengthen the energy of the physico1t body and ,,lso
the emotions.
Jf the will is wcJk, then KI.7 c.m be add<'d with nC<'dlc
and moxa. H thc.rc is much fear, then SP.4 a nd PC.6 can
be added with Even method.
Jf the-re is weakness in the Hc.ut ntrc. then the Sour(e
points LU.9 and l fT.7 can be nHnft.1rd. and GV. l t dOd
BL 15 may be added. If thre is Stagnation of Qi in the
Heart centre, then lU.7 i'lnd HT.6 C;:'J.n be used instC'\Id
with Reducing method.
If there is ,, weakness in the Cl!ntr'e' with mental
cxhilustion and poor concentration, BL L Bl.IO and 8L62
..:an be rcinfortt'ti.
f ( there is mental doudinPSS, restlessnt."SS and oonfu
slon. then Sf.S. ST.40 nnd ST.45 can be ust.-d with Even
These art" just a few examples to iHusttate how
ture combinations can tx- integrated with Qi C.ons and
mt::ditation exercises. Howcvt"r, a word of cnution: Qi
C.t<mg and meditation exercises should not be Utught to
patients unless pt7tcritioner.; all." themsehE."S trained and
experi enced ln use.
Copyrghlcd m leria
The origins of diseases
In Chint'SC medicine the origin41ting faetors of df'C said to be cotlstitulion, the
Exterior or climatic fa1."tOts, the Interior or emotlon<ll f.1ctors, ,md the fat:tors that are
nc.-ithcr Exterior nor Jnterior, often CJllcd factors of lifC'Style. HoWC\'t'r, in the discussion
here, the origin of disease has been put in a brooder philosophical con:ext., which is
based on the concept of the high\.'1' self.
The universal for', the spirit, manifests through individual human bcing .1s
the hight.r self, altcmativdy talk-d the inner scJ. Oy getting in contact with lhc
cnergi('S or tht.! higher S<'lf, a person can at with thl:>i r own Ji(( fore(' md
with thnt of others and oil things. Wh<'n there is ., communion with the hiSh<'r self.
the individual can feel a dl'Cp inner sourc:c of peace .. strength, love and wisdom. When
a person lives in tune \\'ith the impulses of the higher self. the life force can unfold
through the uniqucnC'Ss of th<'ir individual personality in harmony with the unfoldin&
of olhc.-rs and the world around them.
As each individual is bom into this life. the ego_. the lower self. is <.'reated as the
conglomerate of selfish fears and dt.-sircs, and negative patterns of thought, emotion
and bchavjour. The ego other people a nd the world as a threat to i!s cxistcntec, or
as a means to the- gratific.ation or its selfish desirl'S.
Through the constant interplay of th<. higher and lower sclv<"s, th('
develops. The t\ .. '0 SC'Ive:s represent oppos.itc but complementary pulls upon the
conscious mind. The higher self is an experience of unity. and drl opf:nncss to other
people, tO the world and to life. This can fccl \'Cry threatening to the low<'f self, to
which openness represents vulnerability. The lower self is an o( .scp..u.ll.ion.
Copyrghlcd m lcria
or llpartncss. rom other pt'Oplc and the world. Tile lower
$(']( represents - 'm( them or lt best. 'us
a.nd them' .
When there is a loss of contact with ent>rgies of the
highrr self, there is pilin and o. deep inner diSSiltisfaction
and lonsing. lns!cad nf the C\, strength, lo"c and
wi..;dl)m of inn<'r self. lht."r(' let an Inner rcstles.sncs.-;
and unease, a feeling of powerlessness. fcilf and weak
nt'SS, or o( hatrt<d ,"lnd confusion.
People try in many ways to compensate for the of
separation from the highcr self. SornL' of the many fonns
of compcns..1tion ue:
food fanl(' drogs
poss<>ssions overwork illness
mont!y knowkodg(' ins;mitv
$I! X as.t:eticism t.'rime
pow('r religion cruelty
may bLc.::omc clddiction.s. il is only a
m.1tter of d(>f;rre. However, compcns.Hions and addlc-
tiOI\S c.mnot 00 SJ.t1sfied by mor<' of the item, only by
re-establishing contact with the st'lf.
Most illness in modern socil'ty results from the of
contact wilh the.. of the spirit. Instead of lovt,
there is fear and hatrE.'d; of Sf.>lf, (If others. <md of the
world. The $ickncss. of :Society results from the deep
unhappinC!ioS of individu.1b, (rom the sense o( isolation
and alicnouion of the lower self.
Many timl".s, disease Cdll givt .1 waming thJt there is an
underlying life problem th.'\t needs solution. Often ... the
iUness will subside if the p<"rson perceives the problem
ilnd makt..>S the changts in their pat!ems of
thought and r('aligning their pcrsonality with
the posith
e energies of the higher self, and allowing the
O\. 'g3t ivc p..ttlems e,.lf t."gQ to fildc away.
Very often in modem SCX'iNy. patint and practitic.ncr
.1ttcmpt to suppress thl' symptoms with medication, so
that the patient !cams nothing and does nut prt>grcs!>.
TI1ere is a tim(' to treat symptoms. but therL is also a time
to deal with the deep origins of disease. If this is not done,
then not only the individual, but also society. will remain
'r he Chinese categ(lry of lifestyiP, som(!times calfl.od mi.s
cclbncou.s factors, mainly rcliltCS to the compcn!S.atiOns
for the pain o( :;.eparation fr(>tn the high'-'r s.elf. 1 these
compensations are taken to excess. they can cause illness.
for example, mental overwork c.m d;1m:.gc the Sp1c:cn,
excess sex. cJn damage the Kidntys, and lack of t?xc:rdse
<-an result in Dcfidt.'1lt and Stagnant Qi.
Asceticism. the denial of the ph)'Sical bod)r, is a n
nttr.1ctivc compensation for some people (one example i.s
anorexia). but it cdn dJmage the entire system and even
C.lU...<o.e de;1th. Th e pursuit of power, from inner fcilr and
insc.."<Uti ty, ( ,ln n.osult in grr;-at lloln!$5 upon the l lcart. and
(.an also ('auS(. dC'at h, from myocardial iM:.rction.
Thl' type o( compens.ltion, or lifestyle factor, is
US<.od to exCl'SS and that cauSL'S illness for o particular
person will depend upon their psychological t)'pe.
The Chin(l'Se cate--gory of Interior C'01USt'5i of disease.
describes the r;-motions. The word personality will be used
in this discussion to put the ('motions into a wider context
of the Ov('Tall pattern of feelings. thoughts and bchavh,ur.
For example. o.ns<r can then seen not mcrclr as a n
isoLltcd emotion. but as part of a pattern of frustration
and blockag(' a..:;sori.,ted with poor planning and a n
und<'l"d('vclopOO intuitive f.1culty.
People can be dassificd i.nto pcrsonalitr or psycholog
ical typi.'S in a multitude of \"''ays. but in this book the
main classification is il' to th{' I 0 personality types of the
Five Elements. each o the Five Elements hn\'"inS .1 Yin
dnd Yang type as shown in Table 3. 1. U.1ch of the tO typt..-s
has a different pote1Hial for personal development. each
has a different group of life lessons to be learned. and
t.ach h;-ds the pain of separation from the higher sclf in a
different way.
Yin 1)'rt"
Yin Fi:t-..
Yin E-lrth
Yltl M<'lol)
Ym \\
,\ lt'r
)1n Woo.:!
Yang Fire
Ynt E.lnh
YAn,S WiUfr

Copyrghlcd m Ieria
The 10 Five Element personali ty types, and their
assodatt'd emotion,, arc dis.cusSot'd in in Chapter 4,
and summari;;cd in Tables 4.3 and 4.4. Another cl.uM6
<.:ation of psydtological types is given in Chapter 10 on
the Eight Extra 'hannel">, and s ummotri?.cd in Table 10.5.
Tite dimatic factors, or Exterior factors. are generally given
as \\
1nd. Cold, Heat, Oamp, Dryness and Summer Heat.
Howcvtr, there is often confusion, since tht:> term Exterior
factor can be u$Cd in two different ways. Firstly, the term be used to mean an actual factor such a$
air m.o .. cmcnt - Wind. to"' t"x.1CfT'lal tcmpcr.'lturc - Cold,
raised exlcmJl tempcrJturc - Heat. Jnd so on. Secondl>
the tenn can be used to mt>an a pathological reaction of the
body, for example. Wi nd is .-. p.1thologiCJ.l p.1ttcm
with f<.vcr and chills, .md He<lt is 01 p.tUcm with fc,cr only,
regardless of whether the person w.ts exposed to exlemal
air movement or raised tempcr;tture. Som<.'times there is a
dose com:spondcncc between the two meanings, for ex
ample, pathologk'al pauen'IS of Wind Cold, Wind Dry
ness, Cold. Damp and Summer m.1y follow
to the associated en,tronmcntal factors.
T.tblt 3.:: l)oint rumblna:ions ((If" btn-lor factors
Synclromt:" r ubt:"
Wind Cold oommol'l oold rou,gh, l.-ilh
"''hne sputum, and C'hUL<O pri'domiMnl

Wind He.u oommCJ:. t'Qld. wi:h sore and SU!)\"ffln.t1.,
pa>dominMt tapld
Wjnd Ol')'nm dry rou&h, Jry ..tnd
thrw.t. but n.,. n.:.'fi$Sarily :my of
Cold .1\'et"Sion to cold, of oo!d
foollohif\g -.-xl""l.ll'l' to ..-o'J or
of cold food .x drink bi>UCt'
ttgh:. m"yl:-c
"''('P and sic"'
"11th tofltmlh
Till' (onccpts of \\'ind Heat and HeJt par1icularly, refer
les.._ to an envimnmt-ntal ftJctor, and more to a patholog
ical reaction of the body. In Western tcnns, Wind Hci\t
and Heat refer mainly to infection by micn.lOrganisms. or
in the <<lSC of Wind Heat. to anergic reactions. While
\Vind Heat is a reaction invoiV'ing more th e superficial
level$ of the body, Heat may involve progressive!) dt'epcr
levels of the body. as dassificd according to the Four
Levels, (or example. The term E;"<terior Heat is therefore
rather dubious; it n:fm neither to r-a.lscd cxttmal temper-
ature, nor tO .1 n.'a(."tion limited to th(' s urf<le<: of the body.
Its only dnim to word is if the \tVestcm
t'On(.-cpt of extcrn.ll microorganisms is adopted. The most
Chln{'S.(' conc(pt is that of pestilences or
cpidcmics. The term Exterior Heat is therefore used here
to refer to .1cute fevers thilt do not appear to rcloue to
lnterior factors, but to microbial inf(."(tions.
xtcm.:tl invasion may relah to predisposing Interi or
factors. For Interior Cold may predispose to
itwJsion b)' hterior Cold; lntt"f'ior Damp ma> predispose
to Exterior IJamp. Ho, .. ever. the Interior equivalent.$ of
the Exteri or fac;tors arc not discussed here since they
rtl.\te to s pecific: orgall syndromes. For example, Interior
Cold may relate to Dc(kicnt Yang of Kidnrys. Heart or
Spleen, and Interior \Vind to li\'er.
thi."' "'' hilt' roll
r= tonguto.
lhln ycno"' c.oot
thin, "hitc
or t'tlolt
Point romblrutl on
CV. l2 Rd; lU.7, I.IA. SL. Il Rd M
Kl.1. iH for Def('nsi"-e Qj
C\1.1 CV.12, LU.7, LIA, iE.S Rd
"' Kl.6. Rl: Kt2 Rd for Oeftdtn<y An;.
LU.i. U.4 Rd; LU.S, KJ.6 Rf
I,U, KJ,7, $T. J6 R_( M
GV, l-t. Ol. l l Rd M (or \
/ind Col..i
CV 4 or CV.4, BLH Rf M I l}(lfldcnt
Kidn.Jy Yang
CV. l2 or CV. 6. m.zo Rf M lor Dt.ftt:knt
Spi('l.'1l Y01ng
Damp -'''C'I'don 10 dJM.p and rold. ft'\'Ung.s f.!! ,J;pprry pale-. CV .. CV.tZ Rf M: T'.6, SP.6, SP.9 Rd M
AittrTl.O'tl' CVA. BL.ZQ, 81 .. 22, 81 ... 13 E M
... I'C.C.. sr ... o rw lc.r l'tl.l'):m
Summn HrO'It
HN!'-'SS OC' .lct\4. '" ltmbs,
/01)()"-'ln,g O: ;\!X"Un: tv M\d!llUm
nf f.lointnc:5ll, diuin<.'M,
.1nd (o11cMing 10
su.n or Summt.'f ""')'t>c: 1'\'d i!"hin&
(II v.uying "''ilh thin !
.and m<wboe and N'd skin r3$h
.and tloodrng i)t
l'mpty Qf! 01im,a:,
rapid. full

ma)'bt r l!tll1W
W. t; l'i>At
tbtk Ml, dry,
ST.25, S'J.:!S EM fflr Cold O .. mp in
CV. U, 1.1 :.&, f.l,tl Rd. 81 .. 40 0
+ PC.9 (i)t S)'" C"'?t
CV.U, Ll.-1, U.ll Rd
+ H I' 9, PC. 9 or xu.'n 8
.,. STAS RJ foe Ho::at In Ston-..:h O'lml
I ntt.osti.n..-.
Copyrghlcd m leria
Point combination for the F.xtcriur factors arc given in
Table 3.2 for the commonest Exterior syndromes:
Sommer Heat
\o\'ind Cold
\VimJ Heal
Wind DT)'llf.'S$.
Heat has been includ{-d in Table 3.2, although it is
perh.lps not strictly an Exlertor factor.
The lnt('TiOr of discasc. usuaJiy given as the
emotions. in f3ct oompris(> the broader pattern of the
personality. including feelings, thoughts and beh<lviou.r.
Table 3.3 summarizes the 10 pt"fSOnalily types of the Five
Elements, including their groups.
It is better to refer to the 6\'C emotion groups rather
th.Jn the five emotions. For example, the emotion group
of the Wood clement includes not only omger. btu also
imp.:aticncc, irrit.lbility, intolc.-rance, h)'IX'rsensitivi.ty. un-
certainty, self-doubt. frustralion. depression and
Table 3.3 gkcs some examples of point combinations
for the different emotion groups, but it must be empha
sSzOO that these combinations ue only guidelines. to be
modified according to individual need.
Tablt" 3.3 Pdtll roml'in<ltloo:s for 1."D1otion gtWJl$
Tilose f,lc!ors tholl are neither f::.xterior nor Interior, the
lift.>style factors. are relatL'<I to the PJirtlcular exctoss rom
pens.1tions used by individual$, as diS<'Ussed in the
introduction to this chapter. \"ihich compt'1\Siltions nrc
used will depend on the personalily type, as <.li.scussed in

For example. a Yang Earth type is likely to usc food as
a compensation, .md the ovenMting, especially
of sweet foods, is likely in this constitutional type to lead
to obesity or A Yang Wood type may use the
compensation of aggressive fast driving, and the f'ffect on
this J"I$Onallty type of attempting this In modem traffic,
is likely frustration, raised blood pressure, headache
or trauma from accident.
Table 3.4 summariu'$ some common syndroml.$ and
ailments arisjng from some of the main lifcstylt' factors,
with poi.nt combin.:uion examples for them. Again. these
are guidt.>lines only. In addition. in each case. acupuncture
is bL'St combined with self-help measures. for
the point combin,llion for StoJMch Fire \\iU be usci<'Ss if
the patient continues to consume cxc.css cayenne pepper,
vodka and strong roffee.
Only a selection of lifestyle facton:o is given in Table 3.4.
for e.xounplc, drugs. s.uch as nicotine, alcohol, roHee,
amphet<lmlnes_. cocaine. heroin and LSD. have not been

rolnt combinat.lous
Flrt" nn, lanely, bckir.g tntmst in l1fe. relationships. so,.;oll CV.4, CV. I7. 1-IT.S, PC.S. I .:U. ST.36 Rf
1-ft'.t.ft .,eth;t)'
\'on5 0\'ef\"lllhwUstic.. :.oci.illy ur CV.U. CV.t7, HT.8, Kl1 Rd; HT.6, Kl.6 Rf
' 'in
worrying. .,.,.ith too much thinl;i-ng: :md nQI ('l'IOV&h CV 20. yi.n t;ing Rd; CV.4, CV.I2,
ftdlng too tir-d ind empty in!ldt' t<) for :oc..i f <If' Qthm ST.)6 Rf M: IH
)' 41\g \ntrusin. limiting the lndtprt'odi'TUC of CV.4. CV. 12. CV. t1, Sl.36. UU. UUJ Rf M
br tneif 0\' CI'l'UI\ (1:11'1
\ 'i.n
from ... ctn-e p.ul.iciJNition in !if,. of lo,..,, CV.4. CV.1t CV. l i. LU.tO. HT..S, ST..36 Rf M
\\;th t'n\'f'8)' 10 fOrm "'Stifl$
suppresSing gfk.of, dumpmg: cheb Ol'g;tti\oi ty on lO C\',6, CV,17 t M; 1..U.7. sr. I, Sr'.ll, I,R I, I..R.Iol E
\clng merely 10 grief'
W1tu Yin
fc.ulul a( life, ""'kin& dri''" ur 4mbillon, l-.t$11)' diM"outast'd CY.ZO. CV.-t, t-JT.8. Klt, Kl.7. 81..64 RIM
by difiiwl:)' or dant_;t."'', ghin.g; up l)fl lift.o
fC'.ufuf ol bingn:mtrol. ruthlf'S.:, nN'dino ' CV.20, CV. I4, I'C.6, Kl l ltd: CV, I7, Kl6 Rl
oblain po,.,.er O\W others. to {('\'"1 SI.'C\U\ .'
""' Un ...
uNlln: o CV.4. TE.4, GU.40, SP.6. ST.36 Rf; CV.l 4, CD.J3
th\>it own <&nd P-'th 11'1 Uft, t'4$ily donUnt\tcd by
<Khtrs.. timid
Yilng impatil.-nt.. .mgry. tntO"-'r.\nt :ll'ld k'lfish, tr)'ing :o GV.20. PC.8. Kl ,l . LIU Kd: UU, l\1.6 K(
thcir u .... -n (8(1 for tJothl:"'
ru, ReinfQning nwthod; Rd. lt.dudng m'thod; E. E'l'tl'l mttl-lod.: M.
Copyrghlcd m lcria
Faden Typ .. ut111ple atlm.nt Syndlocnl' (Otllbfn.IIIM
Nutrition m.l!Pvtritioo. tnu.lruliU 0(6ci('fU Qi lltld CV.ll, l.L4, Sf' 3 Rf M
frOm w .. akness BloW
going too long b intntss. lJII'Iiciil"nl SpiNn Qi (;V. 20, CK 20, liW t:; CV, 12, ST.36, Sr .6 Rf
l\i thc.>l>t ltritOlbli!y II)'P'--"nrn"'4:

Nti.ns w hUM
('morion.llly upsd
f,obtrith, initablc bowel

St.gnant U"er Qi
CV. I2,. C\'. U, J'C.6. utJ, utU, ST.J 6 E
""""sshe e;uing ronstir;ation. ruu.w. Retfmion af faOO C\' .11). CV. I3. PC.6, SP-1. Rd
dUtE'Jbl\ln tn s::omach
c,'ll.:,l f<.. "'"'' .utd J)o'tn Cold lti \'Mf'.!> CV, 12, SPA, ST,ll, RJ M
.tnd drink St<lmJCh
t"Xl"CSS Srt'IISy naus..a, rc.6. LL4, CIUO. CB.H, UU, S'U O Rd
food o\nd I);}"!P
food. coff c.: or
W"trilh Stomilch Fir..- CY. I ;:, I'C,$, LUI, ST.ZI, ST .U R..t
s r .6. Kt6 RI
Eu rdu CXCi'llil Ctll'h.ltHMn UMlcimt HNJI and ( :V,20, HT.7, ST.J(,. Kl i Rf M
Kidnt'y Q)

:mJ dc.--pn.>sslon U \"<!r Q! C\'.6, CV. 17, LU. i', I.R. I. l.llJ. 1.104 E
ll"XC'CU CXCfciK'
durir.g mensuoo:ion
l:r'IC'\1\ holding
th(' BlooJ
CV,4, SP. t.. SP. JO, ST.J6 Rf M
S!.rE'f',liOUJi fXE"tci5t' sprain ()I .md Ah ShJ r nn:ll, l(ll"al .11nd point:s Qn th..-
w!t.houl lllood afft'Ct1.'1.i <hannd
.td<-q1.1,J.l\' ' "lrtnUp
\'/odt 0\"-'l_.,.' (Uk .. Sple\-n
;1nd Kldn('r Q!
CV..&, CV. l l . U.4, SJ>. O, S T.Jb, KI.J R( M
()\' (' f'W<)rk Mol4dd-.!i, i:uomnia Deficient Her: and G\'. 20. HT.S, I.R.2 RJ: HT.3. SP 6, Kl.6 kf
Un-r Yin
NUd)' p<:<.lf memc>ry .-.nd lkficknt StoJCXI )in U. 1, ST". I, ST.45 t: CV.-t CY. IZ
OH' f'WOtk Stogrunt SP.6, $1'.36 Rl
.-mbinCtn, tOt<tJ e\hAUSiiOf\, bun't<JII.II FMfS1 G\' 2ll. Kll Rd: SP,6. ST .. l6. Kl. i Rf
go_.1b Will and
Kidm.')' Qi
ons (("J"Jll Stl:i"""' liv<'r Ql
CV.6. PC b. LR.3, LR. I.& Rd.;
une1Yiplo)'ment t.ek of confider.'"" l.4, CIUO Rt M
rece-nt j<)b IO!:i-.<i t;rlli:f. dtoj)rt-'Salc)n. Sl.tgr'IAI'I: He.trt (\1.6, CY. I7 J; l.U.7. Kl 6 t;; Kl.l M
or rd in mt.-nt ltd of $0(\.tJ OYt!<et U'tt Qi
U<k o( food ( If l-ucmni4 ...,.ith fl'f.'!i.nS': uf StomK h Fire and CV, l O, lin midn. r'C.S, LR.l, ST.H Rd; SP.6 F
.. ..,. alcoNl-1 in (N s astrir diK(:.m/wt l.h tt 11R'
ll'l<ental with St.agn.-nt {;V,l O, y'Ln U ... , 51'.1. SP. t, $ '1'.3,
work into thoushtt. .1nd wonin Qi. E
moufficl('nt slH'p t"'.IUuf.tion. <If work l:k.fidf"ttt Kiinc}' Qi CV. 20, CV.4. IJ, -1, S'L:>6. Rf
- to skoep late .'lnd tff"- iencr and Yi n
;md ti<'l u p Ntl)'
Rc:btionship& tx-re-.. \ ' t'me'1\l !hod .,. sril'.'!, St,sru-nt Hew ;mJ
l.ung Qi
C\!.6, CV. I7 EM: LU.i _. HT.6. Kl.6 E
diffar:, k'S In
lhrNt or ci'IPN Fin Hent C\1, 17, CV. 23, PC.6. SPA Rd M: CV. -1 Rf M
Copyrghled m leria
Tablt U (eont' d)
Fac:IOf Typ< Eumplt Allmtnt Syt'ldrOIILf Point combimtion
Jitrli;'Uity in o.nJ withdr-"''.1
fotm.\ng lJ.slil'lg
lung .tnd
KWint-y Qi
CV.4, CV.I7 Rf M; ll,.i,7, Kl.6. ST.36 Rf
nc:..._...t ((lr p..1wtr
in n.of.aUorbhips
iniUri:)' .:md pllor.tnoi.a Ol..f'I&'Tit K!dnL-y Qi CV.4, CV. I4, Sr.JO, Kl.), Bl..64 Rl M; HT.7.
Sl 3E
d h1gill!;

and obe!lty Splctn Ql CV.t2. PC.6.. SP,l , STAO. UtJ, lR. tJ F.
(');l.'t$!1 ICiw ba<k pain, tinn itus Oc6c,.:nt Qi C\'..a, Si.29, ST.36, Kl.3 IU
intuHirit'nt StgJUnt kidnL'Y, (:\' .. 3. C\'.6, CV. I7, PC.6, KlJ3,
bact pdln U\'t!r !lean Q! LR.3EM
.!!C\. wh.Ust n:Sc!ot'SSI'M.'SS,. O"J\'OUS Ddlck"tlt ;mJ C\'..3, CV.14, CV.Ii, I-IT.7 E; SP.6. I..R.8 Rf
ten$lon, to rdliJ<
.and tully l"nio)o'
u,t'l' Yin
un..s.ti sfKtQI)' b c.k. of org .. um_. Stdgn.lOl Qi OlOd C\',3, CV.6, C\'.17, l.U.7, HT.8. Ut2 Rd
.. Are of U \'et .md
traumo Of liffnt.s.
e...ul \' by Wlnd.
<;old lind [)41mp
Stasrum Ql .and
Ah 5hi point!, 001 and dicu4J on the afftcod
ch.trtMis M: U.4, SP.S Rd
L,ck of Dtfldcnt GV.20. CV.4. CV.14, J\1.3, ST.36 R! M; t-rr.7 e
Kidr.t y Qi
ptOM d:lyo.:ln!amins. tlwntal Ow:Adl'tlt lind CV.20 }in U.l, Ll.4. SP.1. SP.6 E;
(thn'lU&h ln.utenrlon) piY'OC\.'\1 pilllOO StISJ'dnl Qi ST.36 Rf M
.t(C'Idi:nl pn>n.:- or rk!$tWSS H)'f*f.:<tl\'e- CV.lO, f'CS. T.5, IJC.l. CIU8 Rd; Kl.6.
(through imp;tl._-nc,) throoglt Y .mg .tnd Rn. $P.6 Rr
Rd. Riurins m<othod; !U, Rrinforrins mcthud; E. Jtwn nt(othnd; M. molta.
This doe5 not refer to lhe concept of 'h('aJing crisis'. but
to the side-1:ffects uf (:{)rrect treatme-nt. or the
results of inrorrcct treatment.
These 3re far more common in Wcstcm than in Chinese
medicine. In \'\'estern medicine. com::ct treatment,
\'ohether phannaceutical. surgical or radiological, c:an be
accompan.ied by side--eHe<ts. which c.Jn r.mge from mlld
to fa.ta.l. Sidecff<."':ts h.1ve hvo main Fi.rstly, a
general n.o<f uclion of the immunological tmd psyd\ological
re-sistance of lht> system. and second, specific effects.
Postsurgic.1l shock .1nd the after-effects of anaesthesia
on the circulatory system may be trcoltcd by such point
combinations as HT.7 <'lnd Kl.3, or CV.4, CV.l7, PC.6 a nd
SP.4. rcslstancc to infe<tion rortisone
treatment can be treated with oombiMtions such as LU.9.
Kl.7 and ST.36. or Bl-13. BL20 and BL.23. However.
acupuncture combinations for the sidc--cffocts of specific
dmgs are outside lhc S<ope of this book.
Whilst the use of moxa In cases of Excess or
Ddick'TlC)' Heat can have unpleasant effects, acupuncture
is a scl{balancillg treatment. lncol'l"Cd point combina
tions generally have no effect. whether adverse or bene-
ficial. There are exceptions to this, for cx.1mplc, usc of
points like SPA and U.4 in pn.ognancy can be unwise.
lnrorret.1 treatment with Chinese herbs. and espedally
with WC'StC!m mLodicine, C)n have more serious effects. It
is not only incorn."ct treahnent, but also overpresoiption
that is so damaging to both health and national
mies. For E."'<amp!e, the psychotropic drugs, such as
hypnotics, tranqulllizers a.nd antidepressants arc grossly
ovcrpresoibed, y,:ith problems of not on_ly $ide-effects but
also dependence and addktion.
Acupuncture can be used in mMy cases not only as an
alternative to these drugs. but also to treat the
and dependence. However, long-term acupuncture treat
ment must be based on the personality type o the
patient. as di.scusst.-d in Chapter 4. h is not enough simply
to get the patient off lhc drug; the internal problem that
c-.utSOO them to go on the drug mll$t be addressed, or they
,.,m return to drug use.
Copyrghled m Ieria
UndetS1anding <----------"
Fl&- l.l
From this chaph.r it is obvious in many the
benefits of acupuncture ,,;n be limited. unless patients
make a de! ermined effort to d l.Jnge themselves and their
li\'es, or at least apply a modicum of St'lf-help.
There arc three main aspe<ts of scJf.hetp: understand
ing. mtthod .md motivation.
The practitioner needs to build up an understanding of
the pcrsorw1ity ond l.ifc pMtcm of the p.llicn:, in order to
hdp the- to a knowh.>' (lf S\-lr and an abilil)' to
see life in perspective. It may be necessary to do this
slowly, a little at .1 time, since sudden self-awareness can
often ll.'ad to sclfdi$gust and loss of motivation. The gap
bctw(.'('n or se.Jf and ttl"Ceptante of <':an be
one which is difficult to cross, and many patients need
cspt'rial support at this s tJgc.
n ,e practitioner needs !o sel('(t methods of that
are appropriate to the JWrsonality and lifestyle.
and that arc, <ss fa.r as possiblC', enjoyable and rew.uding.
Tiljs applies not only to sys tems of nutrition, exercise and
meditation, btu also to te-chniques for reorganizing rhe
p.Hicnt's working and daily life.
Change only ()(XUr at a sp<.'<.-d that is acceptable to
the patient. and it may b<o wls.c to give the p.1tient only
one project at a time and to wait until they have
complc:tcd it bt:forc giving another. It is also often wise to
start by giving the patient a task they am easil)' .Khieve.
thus giving them ronfid('ncc and not overtaxing them 31
the beginning.
Tiu ntllin probkm is often lack of consistl'nt moti\'atitm
and man)' patients are discouraged by inevitable
sctbacks, and gi\'C up. To sont(> dl'grre, this may be
assbtcd by iltupuncture treatment. For eXJtnp!e, B Yin
Wat<"r may be easily discouraged by set-backs, and
benefit from CV.4, Kl.2, K1.7 Rf .. t. Alternatively, il Yang
Wood t)'J>C may become quickly impMicnt if the rate of
progres.-; seems too s1ow, and may benefit from GV.20.
Kl.l, LR.2 l!d.
However, in the end, motivation an only come from
within the patient. The praditioner can give support and
encouragement. but if the pati('nt is not rC'ttdy to make the
consistent effort nt.'\.X'Ssary (or change, tht pr.1ctitioner
must accept Th<" is discussed in more detail
in th(' introduction to the 10 personality types in the next
Copyrghlcd m lcria
The ten personality types
In the fabric of e,lch individual IHe there Me certain main threads or themes. These- are
the main issues or lessons to be dealt with in that life. Wh"n ,, person deals positively
with these main thent(.'S, )c:olming the lessons of thdr life and aJiowing their natural
abfHtics to unfold. there may be many difficulties to Qv(.rromc. but th('rc is
S3tis(action. ln addition to the development of natural abilities. life lessons c.m involve
rising above ncg.1tivc p;lttcms, such as .mgcr and intolerJncc, fcJr of failure.
or difficulty in expressing feelings in dose personal relationships.
1'he 10 d iffewnt personalit)' types of the Five Elements each have thi>ir specific life
lessons, although C\'CI'}' individual is un.ique, and is often a complex mixture of the
d_iffercnt Five Eh:.ment typt.">S. These pcrsonalitr types and their lift: lessons. are
summ .. uized in Tables 4.2 and 4.3. The discussion of the 10 personality that
follows in this chapter, while b..lSed on tro1ditional Chinese medkine, is tht' pcrsono1l
interpretation of the author.
(f major abi1ities are unused, there may be an Increasing inte-rnal pressure of
which can manifl!St in For ('J(ampl{', a man thinks he should be
involved in healing. but his real are in business and S..'lii!S. Or a woman h.lS
drifted into administration, but her real abilities are in through writing.
Firstly the person has to perceive the problem. second find their true abilities within
and third de\'elop the strength of self and the perseverance to make the
change. The de-velopment of intuition CJn be an enormous help in
perceiving life problems in and in seeing tht' scq\JCncc of steps by which
they um be solved.
One person might repedtedly set themselves unrtalistic goats .tnd then overwork a1ld
Copyrghled m leria
become lll in trying to achieve them. Another person
might, through insecurity, be overly clinging and posses-
sive in relationships. thus driving partners away and
reinfl)rdng their own fearS.
The finH stage in learning such lessons is .1n inO't'olsed
scJ( nvarencss, so that the repc.lting pattern is dearly
perceived. Second. the individuoll has to blwmc so
sated with this mistake, that lh('y effect
the necessary change in their personality to go beyond it
It m:2y take many re.;us to reach this point of satiation. in
fact it may nt!ver and person may tttkt> their
to their grave.
Sometime-s the old negative p.lttcms seem to fall uway
easily. often it requires constant dail) discipline to go
beyond them.
The way 10 rise above nt'gative patterns is not to fight
them, since this simply g.ives them more strength, but
to put an incrc:asing amount of cncrg}' into the positi\'c
patterns that are to replace them. Affirmations and
crNtivr visualization are two excellent ways to do
f'()r example. for a Yang type to berate themselves
for their intolerance. or to try 01nd (orce themselves lo be
tolerant by <ln effort o( will, would be cqua.Ur useless,
only leading to more internal pressure. It is more effective
quietly to \'i.-tualiz.e a scene where they are being kind and
considerate to another person, and to put positive energy
through that visuali7.ation each day.
Tht> practitioner can help the patirnt to a clearer under-
standing of their life and c.:.n act as a to
scJ(.aw.lrenc:."Ss. The practitioner c;an teach the patient
te<'hnlques o( mcd.itdtiorl, affinnation ar1d t.'Teatlve visual
ization, and can help them to develop their intuition. But
until the patient feels ready to until they reach
the point o( satiation with repeating thejr mistakes, the
practitionE,>r can do no more than offer support.
People can only cha.nge at their own speed. Some
people do not want to change at all, in others change is
very slow, and in others ther(' are brief bun;ts o( change
followed by long periods of what seems to be stagnation.
It is the role of the prllCtitioner to act as a eatalyst lor
chang(), when cat01lyst is required.
The practitioner can use suitable point combinations (or
e01dl of the tO personality types to assist them in their
pcrsonol growth. The basic combinations swnmJ.rizcd in
Table 4.3 are merel)' guidelines which must be \'<lried
accordlng to the changing nt"C'ds o( the patient.
Fin Fire the 5pirit, oonsdousn('$6.. th< oi W\ity in sll lic-. ioYt, affection
:md jo). It includt'S communirorion .lnd e'-pn'!S.'>ion of idf'3.'1 ftt'lingt. It is
bHI)' .lnd :s<,
E.uth Urth &Oikt m"'1er, 011nJ pr.-.aklity. II
nourish.mcn:, n.nd oornm lot othen. It rcpf('jcml' the .ln.llytknl mind nd Metal linked to th,.lnNth, to the> t>netS)' bCidy .1.nd ;o the \"Onrinu.ous rhythm of t.lldng
in ;md Jeottmf: go. R;-l.U:\'1 to formati()n. m.1mt.;on.1n..'"" of t-nttgt
bonlh. 11nd the growth of wijdQm. h it \he o\blJily 10 (-.;:e the- nd bQm(' .Jl nne:
W.atu Wdter and ronwrv.uw:on.. ilnd .lt tlw> same tirne thE>
of tl1e wdl d!l'ectt'd at :hie'wnlii!nt of goal3. tepft'!ot"l1ts tht' nlll;or
drwl\1pmenta.l dungt.-t a( IHc, .md yrt it is11lso the t ct by fur. Wolt
innt'1' l tf("ngth (o)ith in wlf.
Wood Wood Npm.mts intuition ilnd tht h.arrnont{)Uj unfoldlng Clf an tndhidul's potential. It
Co\n rt-prt'St'nt pL\ns .and dt'd!ilons a.o; .ln uuter nunlfestation of that unfoldin,;. It can
the ftC'\." Bow ol M:U ('J,pt'C&Si(lt\, l1nd in with
the of otl\(-rf..
Copyrghled m leria

\ 'ln tr-pe
ser1.:us. <11J1d Lt<.klng
lnl'lfiSt itl liJc, ldoll.iOmhq, . .nd ,.;x,
arti\ity, fN"Ii ng unl .. wOO and

p'OC'Cuplt:d to.hh '''(l(rits and
rm_--nUI :arsumcnb, with too much
thinking .1nd nO( c:nmgh h.wing
ol fe-ebns af wl lhm $0 thai i!
h.t.rd to nouri' h ()I' othl'r'
tuvio& dlff.eutcr fotmins bond,.
or (('Mful o4 forming nl.'w t\>lniOnshlp!>
(n)m ((\II Of !0$); wit)!dr.IN!\ h om o1('lh'C'
p.tttiop;Hiun in life lhlns i.n the
l.:.cking ('t'l4'tg)'. i<'.trful, sjvi"S. up on
life sumndoi>ring conlrol of theit
0\'' n de:Jtiny; do not do 4.' ('Sly
difficuU)' 01 dJ.ngcc;
laddng thf' de1erml:nation to Mhloeo,e
h.wing J. WNk &<'nsc- of self .tnd
insufficient pi:f'S(In.ll fortt; unEiUTl" of
:hclt ldf'ntity :. nd f)J.:h ln li fe; wllh
dtffltult)' th\'i: l);o.Ti q;o,
1uv(' bound<lries, timid. !liCking in
ronbdcnce and plagu<>d b) M>lf..<JouM
res:less. O'\ete-.\cttJoblc,
.and m.uuc:. t.J.Ihtive, >O(i.'aUy
OT wvu.llly foo!iih,
lrri.'Sp<l'l'\!lbl ('; ttrcding to bum0\1!, w'llh
il'ving to fe-111 and !fY)' use
tku u nns to hatd oet to .:.:hen.
dcmiNtt 1hc"tr :itrs and limit
intkpendcntf'; m;ty clinging.
""d into the: lh'<'$
of olhe-n
<."!' holdins oo ttl thdr sri'"!.
lll:ing f(l ,,l!Qut it .md Qifll);.d thc:tr
on to oth\'rs;- using rww
n:I.Atiooruhipl mcrdy Ut lht'
srid Ql ,, on('
doing COil much unbittcms ol.nd ruthlcsi:
and IJoili:lnt; ronsldf'r.ltlon for othm,
m.1yl>e .and fooJMrdy;
!cllrs but l.n .. :
stn-ss fn1t11 fe:n c! of t'OI:trlll; St'C'klng
by obtaln!ng p<)'\\' ('1'
domin.ation cwn
fcding .a of lnntr Uf'\(\'t1.JI.ntr.
r.o one .1nd irritdl>l'; imok>r.lnl
nd i':.-pouxtms: own
withou t o!her.s' n(ll:dS,
41'1!;f)'. u.ttd
nuybt \'iolmt fn u.t-rnlf'd or
t>xp.i!ri end nj:; !Me '''llh .md
ullowins it to rJdi.Jte out around thi.m,
but in li' 'cl)' .mli
h.-ppy, balil ndng ,,i:h
oon!t'mpbti(ll\. " 'i$dom "'"d :10bntty
ha\i.r-s"' quk'1, C'llrn. logk.ll n\l.nd thJt
cou' fredy tr .. nt!.ltr thc)usht in!o pr.-.d!QJ
ao1M, and .1 p iNSOint
h' hlo.'h i.s S},nf'.lthtt:('. .md
pru'.!i'' of c;rit'f. 1,1tins so
of tht; p.t!St, wisdom. J.nd k-Aming
<lnd gf\\;r_.,g from I!;Kh attit<hmtor.t;
p.uti(ipallng in IJfe 41ld forming nt.'W
bonds wilhO\It inhlblrion by of Joss
11 finn will. but 1\ith ronet-m for
5('1( ttnd CXII<TS. noc b}'
<!iffiOJit)' Ot but
.:dns from lnnn .. nd f.aHh i.n
JOel!. not :. a ro:'llFJI.- "MII hOI'I f(Jr inSl'CUrliy
CO!'\ftdf:l'lt "ml lntuitiw, luvin.g 11 d
, ; s.l on of their own p.nh in life, "nd th('
p.1ti.,n( (! 10 .JIIO'"' It l o \lnfl)ld; t>trong
;,nd lnd .. 't- "-'nd.:nt. but co
tbdr own ptn.:l'l'lalit)' In " Sn'IOI>!h
rt!1., '1!i.'d woty. in harmony with rhl"
(){ othm
Yin typt Point combirution
to tonM':n.: en'"'SY build up
$.'1\"'glh, t'.l mod(or.AtKlf'l and .1\'0i<.S
::Jo.INBl('S, 1;) W<lfk In gh1ng
tnjO)'OtMt Md a q11id:4'ning of the:
affE'CriOM ! (I le;arn hO\o.' t (l i'<ptE'!ioS
and needs
lo come out of th('ir i_nn('r world of
thoughts. to funy tlwir bodie; .and to \JSe th<>m In
lhl(! re<il world, !() tt'Tlldu.t_ll)' repl..t,'\!
lhri.r l"'&&tiV(' thought with
det.tJ1e,j fiU\I("!Uf\> of
.aftln'\Oa'l$. lO le>.1m to t)Otlrl$h ;and
c .. re sdf ->tht'rs
to Stl'\>f\,f>lhtn the ph)'Sk.lll l:lcldy .111\d
the D.ln Spken 11nd Heart
10 thr abili;y to
form bonds 11nd to rcoduC'e (t'.ilr, 1r>
&"in thq 5trength and to le-t
go. t<J kam 10 come out o( ll\eJ'riSeh'es
and bt: ,l.lm'll af;ilin by the ....-.. rmth
o( li:ft'
to lNm wh"'" to Stop. to tum
inw.ud .. nd find
lind to bJltlnC'\ lo\'t l'I'Uh
contcn1p:a6on ,u d wi sdot!\. 10
llow lhf' !.nnl?r fuy the splti:
tn tddia:e lhroo3)\ then\ In
10 dC'-'t lop ,m innt:r to
,-ontrol lh(' And lMUrit)'
that 'I'IUl:es them \\'ant 10 hold
en h> Clthtu, to find" W\m:.: of
IO\' C "'ithi:n ti\J.t
they do not th" inner
cmpti:ni.$:; tha: m.1J:es dwm
dtpl"ndi:'nt on o(
tCI IC'.IIrt\ IV lt:t go and .JlfUw
SJ1elling. to l.t1'e the ttulh to
boe honl'1t wilh und
oth('n, rJ.ti'!(-r th.m \ o thcf
propk> in selfish wa)' to pJIIiat<>
grid: 1c1 It:'""' to he:J' with
the of o!hen; .tn to put
tht'i.r in pcr!lp1iw'
Yin type
JAMimcy C\',4, CY. I7, K1.3, ST, J6 Rf M: JIT 7, I'C 7 E:
HT.$. f'C8 M
GVA. GV.11. GV. l (l, OL23, 6L14 Rf
S::t.gntttiorl C\'.6, CV. I 7, SP4 F. M: CV.1.1, 1'C6 Eo: Rd
Y.ang t)'pt CV. i-1, CV. Ii . HTS. tel l Kd; Hr.6, k 1.6 Rf
Yin type'
lAck .:t( C\'.20. )<ln :Jng Rd; SP. I, ST.4S C\'A,
CV. I2. 5T.36 Kf M
lAck of roncl'1TI CV. Il. C\
.11. HT.8. SP.2. SP.J ,
ST.36 RJ M
olltttrak 8 L iS, KL20, BLH, HU9 IU M
Yang l)'f"t C\'.:1, CV.12, CV. Ii', s r.J6, I. R 1,
LR. I J Rf M
'.'in t)'Pt'
(.V'.o4, CV 12, CV. 17. LU. IO, HT.S,
ST.J6 Rf M
GV . .f, GV. 12. BLlO. BL.Zl. BU2. Ol.44 Rf M
5U1::TUI1'1 CV .6. CV. I 7 F. M; tU. I. l U 1i. l.U.i, IJ.ol .
KU. ST.40
.tltc.Tni11Cl m...JJ, BL. IS, BL.l7, 81...42. Dt.44 E
Ya_ng type CV.6, CV. I7 E M; tU.7. Ll.4. SP. I, SP. Zt.
LR. I, LR. U E
Copyrghlcd m lcria
Tablt' -I.J (cvnt'd)
lypt Point aun.binat_iml
to ron.M'I'w nd
t.'llol'fSY not IU .aucnpl tasl..:$ OC-yond
thC"ir t'.ilp.l('ify. b\l t nOt to
cr M l.:.ave t..!!lo.s unfitlbhl-d. t;) lco'lm
ltSiOfl uf etiou, to find uti\Cr
:o lh ... w

tu lt 10 .Jd lron' Inner
and 11.nd not from inner
o1nd to sJcr,.,.
dov.'TI k?.Jm :tw hai.Jn<l' ol
adi\ ity and to U bt-
Yln lypco CV.20, CVA_. Hi.8_. Kl.l , KJ.i. BLM,
$T.J6 Rf M
C\'. 2, (,V', 4, C V,lO, fll.1J, Bl .. 52 Rf M
Yang lJ'P'"
CV.20 , CV. 14, Kl. l Rd; CV.17, Kl.6 !U
CV.ZO, KU, Sr.6, $T.)6 Rf; Rd
.:n well .u to do. to open up ti.J
10\'fl' ..,.,_m fat
.self <11\d ot ht'r!i

to tlnd tlwit inner s.:nmgth a1'<1 pin
1Ufcty ol k'li. to the
pro;toctinn of thtu ttl C1'1'.ltt'
Mrong,r boundlries to dw
lntru)ion .t.mJ dt.tmln .. tklo of otht->n,
10 dc\'t'liJp their intuition to a
g.n>atfr !ioenW of and ol1he11
J.'llltll ln lift<
to sk.lw do,vn and to culti V.Jtt'"
di,dplinC' of in.m.T to a(C
out ol and C't"rtiJinty,
not out of and
to lcam t t'l n:l,._,. .mJ
to ilnd lo dcv(:lop thc>it
intuition tiO thilt thev can #low
throuS,h tlfe In tu.nt."
wilh thi. n.' b of others
Yln lype CV.4, TE.4, CU.-40, $P.6. ST.J6 Rf; CV. H,
CV,4, BL..19, Bt.23, BL.48 Rf
G\'.20, y;n tAng:. PC.S. lR.l. Kl.l Rd: L.R.8,
The Fire elt>ment can rcpn.>sent the spiri t, the univt>rsal
life for<e that vivif'ic:.oos matter and fonn. In beings,
the Heart Spirit vitali.zt.s the physka1 body. the c:ncrgy
body, the emotions and the mind.
The spirit rollfcrs conscious a\''ucnC'Ss. consciousness
of lhc life as it man_ifesls through self, through
others and through all living things. This lt.>ftds to an
of unity, of, and of oneness of
bcing with all LiJe. The stronger the experience of
oneness. the stronger the feeling o( joy, of bliss. and of
love for self. for others and for all things.
This cxpCri('ncc of unity and lO\'C is the basis or all
religious and ol all the great religions. The
manifestation of the spiri t through an individual human
being ls higher S(')f. For each individual. ron tact with
their higher self gl\'C'S a deep inner experience of peace
and love that can radiate out through all their li\'es-.
ldentifkation with ego. the JO\\' Cr self. can bring ICM:s
of with tll.."lt cxpcricntt of the and lead to a
feeling of loss and alienation, that is the source of the
troubles of th<' world and the ill health of indi\'iduals.
Fear is the main bloc:k to the tlow of love. The ego. the
little sel(. is full of fear <tod S("t. 'S the wOtld a.nd ol.her
people as threatffiing to its existence. To becom(' open
ilnd loving seems the Solmc as becoming \'Ulncrable, and
is avoided. The person is then living without lo\-e, and
living and loving St"t."ffi separate. When li\'ing a_nd loving
become ide-ntical. the quest is o\er. the holy grail is (ound.
When there is 1Jck of contact with thC' fire of the spirit..
with the experience of the higher self, the person feels an
Inner empl.iness. which cann()t be filled. People try in
many ways to fill th<.> void, to case the pain of loss. There
are many forms of compensation: drugs, sex, power,
s tudy. overv.ork. religion, money, tnl'lterial
crime, illness, and mor(>. All the patterns of lifestyle that
'"'usc illness arise from lack of love of self. Hatred of self,
hat.n.-d of others and of the world, causing the
psychological a1ld physical disorders of individuals and
the ills of modrm socit>ty.
With the experience of oneness with "U things, comes the
fccJing of love and compassion for them. \'Vhen this
e:x.perience is lacking indivtduals tend to st.>ek Jove outside
thf.>mselves, in a wl.ationship ' 'ith anoth('T person. Some
people. Fire types C$pcclally. tend to confuse love \"'o' ith
passion. love is sclOess, i'l feeling of beauty and bliss,
which invigorates the body and mind. Passion is simply
iln intense emotion,. focused on ilnothcr person. which
c-an just as easily manifest in hatn.'d as in love. If Fire type
people do not experience Jove within themselves, they
may seek pleasure, stimulation and SCOS.ltion in sex and
relationships with other pcopk:. They often cre.ate prob-
lems for themsc1n'S And otherS by tht"ir thoughtless,
spontaneous. overt>nthusiastic ;,nd irresponsible behav-
Copyrghled m leria
The Fire element, the spirit, has an e)._l'ansive energy,
knowing no limits or boundaries. The Water element has
a concc.ntrativ(' energy, limiting the spirit within the
capabilitkos of an individual. Water controls Fire, ilnd
between them th(-re is balance. nw steady focused
energy or the will js to balance the tendency of
the Fire clement to scatter its energy in aJJ directions, and
to move quickly from one object to another.
just M fe.u controls excessive joy. so (cJ.t in its positi\c
sense. as em awarcn(.>SS of limitations, moderates the now
o( love within the boundaries of an lndi\idual's potential.
The fire of the spirit welling up within an individual seeks
expresslon in communiC<ltion and sharing of ideas and
feeling, of love and aJf<..oction. Fire typt.>s often need to
moderate their to rontemplate the ronse-
quenccs of their SJXx>eh :.nd actions, to love ,,ith
\'lisdom, .-.nd to have ronsidcr.1tion for other pc.opiL'.
The Heart energy centre is seen in most as the
central fOCl.IS for the flow of love through an individual.
The hannony or the Dan Tian. Ht'art and 11ead centres
represents the balance between will, love and wisdom
that the aim of scU dt:!vclopment.
In terms of the organ systems. the expression of love,
the quality of the heart organ system. is balanced by the
qualities of the other four organ systems (Table 4.4).

In the Yin type there is reduced manife-station of Fire in
the individual due either to Deficiency or Stagn:.tion. In
the Delidenc..j' type, there is simply a lack of Fire and love
and joy. In the Stagnation type, the foellng is thre. but is
In both types, lhcre a a sadness, a
melancholy, and a lack of interest in life. in relalionships
"tlif. Tl;N I'ERSONALI"I1' TYPES 25
and in soda! ac;:tivity. Thf.. person fN:Is hmcl). unlovt:.-d
and unlovcablc. Howe"cr, th.c Stagn.Hion type mny
recover for a time if the emotional blocks are loost>d, for
example. by laughter and social entertainment Uut the
relief may be onl)' temporary since the;;., poople tend to
difficulties in the flow and lhc expression of their cmo
The Fire in the Yang type seems to bum too brightly,
without proper control. The Yang Fire type tends to
rt-stlt.-ss overexcitement, ovt.renthusiasm and even to
manic behaviour. There can be excessive talking.. social or
sexual overactivhy, nnd J lack of considcrtltion of the
consequences of speech nnd <';ction, tL>sulting in foolish or
irresponsible behaviour.
This rype tends to bum out t hcir energies. bi'coming
exhausted and depressed, or even suicidal.
The cxtrtmcs of foolish.ncss. overexcitement and
or seriousness, apathy and depression, are both imbal
anCt.>d. balance for Fire element lies in finding
love within themselves and allowing it to radiate out
around them, but in calmness and p.:acc. th<..y ar<..
lively and happy. balancing their spontaneity with con
templation, '"isdom and strength.
Yin Fire typt-s be divided into two groups, those
where there ls rt.-duccd manifestation of Fire due to
Deftcleilcy, and those wht:rt: this is due to Stagnation .
Thts can be due to gcn<'ral constitutional to
specific constitutional Dcfick"''lcy of the Fire clement, to
burnout o( the Fire eJement. or to lack of a suitable
situation to ('11oourage development of the Fire clement.
For gener-..U OOtl!ltitutitmill Deficiency, the person needs
to le.1m how slowly to build up strength and conserve
energy. For constitutional Oefidcncy of the Fire element,
th! person needs to strengthen the hCJJt ond ciJ\."'UI.ltion
with suit.lbh: nutrition and tnot:krate exercise. To rom
pcnsate for their internal Jack of Fire, they may be
Copyrghlcd m leria
to htart slimtJlants_. such coffee or high of
ginseng. but they s hould avoid these. ThOS4.' whose Heart
fire i.s Deficient due to bumout need to learn the great
for Yang Fire types of moderation and sobriety.
They to le:-am to a\' Oid the e:-xtremes in all things, and
to find pleasure in and hannony. ThOS(' whose
Fire i$ D1.dkicnt bccau$(' it is underde\'cloped need to
allo\" themselns to be drawn to work and personal
situations which ghc th('lll {'njoym'-'tll and a quickening of
the a(('--clinns. to open up the H'eart centre.
rhese people need to learn how to e:..l'ress their emotions,
and how to commtmicate their needs to other people.
They can be helped by working in groups in
counselling and psychotherapy. to gain fluency tn com.
munic:ating their fC<'Ii.ngs.
It may continual dail) pliw. to try to expr<>SS
thEo-ir nt.'t.Xb> and feelings to people .1nd not to let
them stagnate inside thcO\sclvcs . It ls like teaming
language, it is only by daily practice that nueOC)' c,m
develop. Sometimes writing down the feeling>, or spe.,k-
ins th<'ffi J loud when alone. on help to loosen the blocks.
These may have great ,tbility to in$pirc and
cnrourJge others, to communicatt> and 10 entertain, but
they h.we to h..1m when to stop. Y.1ng Fire typtos can
exhaust themselves and olh<.'rs by C'Cas<.'ll-,s. overexcited,
twerenthusiastk rushed activit)' They (cln crt.att> havoc in
th(>ir own livt-\S and in those of others. by hasty, thought
less, and behaviour. They need to
tum their attention in'"'ard and learn co b.'llance love with
contemplation and wisdom. Then they c.m altow
inner fire o( spirit to rt1ditltc out through them in
Yin Fire type
Yang Fire type
CV.4, CV.I7, Kl.3. ST.36 Rf M: HT.7,
PC.7 E: H'T.8, PC, S M
alternate GV.4, GV. II , GV.20. BL.23,
BL44 Rf
CV.6, CV. I7. SP.4 E M: CV.23,
PC.6 E or Rd
CV. I4, CV. I7, HT.S, Kl.l Rd: IIT.6,
K1.6 /lf
A o( 30 was diagnosed ;u h,wlng myalgk enetophalitis.
He .md li.h. pul-,c h'<IS
choppy. irn.g;ular and ch.mging i.n 1fX"'-" nnd volume.
The di."lgnosis Dcficil'I'K)' t i re with undcrlyins,
01.'6dcnt Qi .:md Yin of I !eat1 and Kidney. The point
rombiruati(m \\'ol s:
CV.2.;, C\'.14. CV. l 7 E; HT.6, Kl.6 R!; Kl.l
'rhe C<!wrnor .md Back points wtre avOidi'd ,
5i11ce the)' hc1d an <'ldverse ill this p.11icnt.
11e found Qi Gong fuc.:u,in.; on the D.m
c=cntK and on the KI.J iln!lS. to bt.o both s::rcnglhc.ning and
calming. but Qi Cons (l(<rci!<"S u!ins tlw 6row <n Hl.Jrt
l"entrcs were .lvoidcd, focusing ottcntion in those two
.:u.;-a.s his ((\'lins of
If the Fire clement rcprt.""SCnts thl: spiri t, then the Earth
element represents the solid matte-r that the spirit vivifies,
and through which can man ifest If the spirit is not
properly rooted in the solid physic..'ll body, the person can
ft>e1 ungrounded .md unrLal, with unstable mind a_nd
E."mtltions. Altemativcl}' if try to deny their
physic:al body. as in ilOOrl: xil, they impair both their
physiology and the flow <,( Jove through them into their
Th" Earth t'l<-mcnt rcpn.'S<--nts the mo:hcr, not only in the
nourishment of the physic.:al body, but also in the caring,
en(olding and protection o( the small child, so that it feels
secure both ph)'sicall y ;md tmotionall y. If then." are
difficuJties in the first ycM o( l_ifc. and thc mother is
unable physiC:cllly or (motionally 10 pro,ide nourlshme1H,
or if thl" mother feels great (c:u and lnSC'CUtity ;u Lhis time,
then, in ,, susceptible child., it may INd to patterns of
insecmity that continue through its life.
The capacity of caring. of pro\lding a waml, pleasant,
solid and stable support or others. b<' \'Cry s trong in
the Spleen type, or it may be lacking or underdevclopt-'l!.
H the person (eel' empty in themselves. they may
u.nJblc to nurture others.
Concem and caring (or others is a nJ.turaJ p.nt of life and
a major role of Earth eJcmcnt. However. if a person is
Copyrghlcd m Jeri a
insecure they may use concern (or others as a means o(
holding them in their lives. They may be insecure.
clingtng a_nd in relationships, or they may try
to dominate and iniTUde into the li\es o( others, using
their concern. J( they are rejected in this. they may
very sorry for themselves and try to bind others to them
by making them feel guilty.
On the Control cycle o( the five Elements, Earth ts
controlled b) \\'ood, and itscH controls \Vntcr. AlkrTl;l
thcly. ange-r rontrols sympathy, and sympathy controls
fear. Hm .. ever, there may bl' back-control o ( Wood by
Earth where excessive oonccm limits the i.ndcpcndcnt;e
and (n."edom of otherS, creating resentment. Or there ma)'
be back-control o( Earth by Water, where (e;u limits the
development of the ability to care for others.
Hvc Eleme-nt using the Control cycle can be
used to relieve these imbalances.
Contemplation, thinking and analysis are attributes of the
Earth demt'tlt and of the rational mind. This is the part of
the mind that d(:'.lls with both day-to-day practical
matters, and with the logic of abstract thought. It h.u
been described as the left brain. os opposed to the right
brain which deals with intuition. more the domain of th<-
Uver and Heart.
if there is too much thinkin1; and not enough action,
the person ma)' become lost in .1 world of obsessive
thoughts, worries and mental arguments. In schizophre
nia, the person' s thoughts become divorced from the
reality of their physical body and environment.
A person can show sympathy and \vithout trying
to hold on to or Limit the freedom of the individual fOf'
whom they arc caring. But if sympathy and concern are
mixed with fear and insecurity. th('n the person becomes
attacht'd to the one they ar{' helping_ needs their
and tries to cling on to them.
Worry is a compound of the emotions of insecurity and
conrem \\tfth the me:ntal overactivity of the Earth cle-o
The Sploon c:ncrgy centre, located within the body at the
le\'el of CV. 12. has (unctions overlapping with that of the
Spleen org.1n, in that it is responsible (or the .-. ssimil.ltion
of energy into the body and its distribution throughout
the system. Nourishment on the physical level links the
Spleen centre to Dan Tian amtre and thr. Kidneys.
which store the energy. Nourishment on the emotional
level links the Spleen and the Heart Centrt', and
nourishment on the mental JcvcJ links the Spleen and
Brow centres.
Therefore, Dclldcncy of Qi can be tnated by
CV.4 + CV. I2 Rf. Difficulty in finding <)'mpathy and lov
for others can be treatt."CC with CV.J2 + CV.J-7 Rf M, and
melltal <.'Ongl'Stion und ovcractivity can be treated with
CV. l2 )<In tong Rd.
There are two main typt-s of Yin Earth pcTSonality.
with lack of action and those '"''hO lack concern.
This person in an intc:rnal world of thoughts and
worries .. wherl? thought is not translat4!'d into action,
indeed thought may be dissociated from tc.llil)' Thi$
group includes the ovtrly inteli('Ctual. the worriers, the
obs4.--sshes and the schizophrenies. They are not fully
inhabiting phystcal world or physital body,
alt_hough they may <.>ndlcssly worry about them.
These people who feel an emptiness within them-
selves and find it hard to c.are (or and nourish themselves
or others. Sometiml$, in the early c;hildhood. sympathy
is overrontrollcd by fear, or else the He.ut, the mother,
c.nnot supply the love tlt<lt the Splccn, the child,
transmutes into sympathy.
The Yang Earth types often a s:rong ability to care
for otherS, but because of their own fears._, inSUrities and
inner emptiness, they often usc their caring to hold on to
others or co dominate their lives.
They may USt! their sympathy and concern so strongly
:tS to smothe-r the dc.vdopmc-nt of those o1round them,
limiting the dc\elopment o( their independence, S!'1f
Copyrghlcd m leria
confidence and their own creativity. Yang Ec.1rth types can
use in " vtorv wav.
Such is the rel.Jtions hip between Earth and Wood, that
those cared (or may bt"t-'()me resentful o( the limitations of
their freedom. tht carer Ol<''l)' be resen1ful that they are
tcjc<-tcd, and ye: c.1ch locked in dependence on
the other.
The balance for tht E.-mh type is found in a quiet. calm,
log.ic<ll mind t\ln freely tmnslah. thought into prac-
tk.;;tl .md in a solid, sLlblc and plca.sant person,
who is sympathetic. supportive and c:aring. but dO{'S not
intrude into the livC'S of others.
The two main Yin Earth p'Crsonatities have dU'fcrent life
The54:' people need to ltam to com(> out of their heads. to
fully inhabit thtir physical bodies, and to fully their
physic<ll bodi<.-s in the r(al outside , .. orld. For some,
strenuous walks in the fields, wQ()(b c1nd mountains can.
by use t)f the ph)Sital body, and by an hlCTe3slng rapport
with the physical world of n ... rure, st;.rt to bring con-
:,ci:Qu."n(:ss of t he ri!J.l world.
For o1hcrs, the usc or a very det;.1iled structure of
positive amrmalions c.m hflp to di,crt the energies of the
mind (rom its (md preoccupations into
more positiw ehannels. F'O<using on tht- Dan Tian centre,
and vis ualizing ('ncrgy spreading from this centre to each
part (l( the body can be ,, vcr> helpful exercise. Exetciscs
focusing on the he<ld centres are best a\'Oided.
The first lesson is to le.:tm to nourish d.lld care for self.
This can star: with d bc1lanced nutrilion. with
enjoyable meals. Not a diet, whkh implies punishment of
self for being WlWOrthy. for include doing
enjoyable thing.-; which arc pleasant (or mind and body. a
visit to the theatre . 1n aromatherapy tre.1tmen1, J holid.1y
in the sun, and so on.
,, person f<.-els that they arc worth
caring (or. it JTh)y be difficult to c.arc for others. Qi Gong
focushlg on the Splel'n centre with thcrnes of
nourishment and caring. can support acupuncture trNt
mcnt. Lucr exercises CJO focus on the Hearl centre.
This type needs to develop the inner strength to control
the (ear and insecuJit)' that m11kcs them waot to hold on
to others. They also need to find a source of love within
thcmS<'Ivcs. so th.1t they do no: fe..l the inner emptiness
that mdl:es them dependent on the presence of other

Qi G<lng exercises for inm"T strength to control fear
cm fo.;us on the Dan Tian centre, and to develop lO\' (' oi
selL upon the Heart centre.
Yin Eorth oype
Lack <,f action
Yong Earlh lype
1. .Tnmple
GV.20. yin tilng Rd; SP.I. ST.45 M;
CV.4, CV.I2, ST.36 Rf M
CV. J2, CV.J7, HT.S, SP.2, SP.J,
ST.36 Rl
CV.4, CV.I2, CV. I7, ST.36, LR.l,
LR.l3 Rf M
A man of 63, an lnh: lh.'C'tual, tJl..ins no physin1l ... xtt('i!>t:.
c:ompl.lilwd of mcn!.'ll cont;C$tioo and exhaustion ;md phrsical
we.1kncs-s. His puis<. w.u thin, almost minute, <hoppy and
sli#'ltly wir)'
Th!! diagnosis was of Yin f.o.rth type with SplC"Cn
Qi t('l t)\'\'iry oi the mind .tnd underacri"itY o( thi'
body. The tn>atm(>nt was:
1.1. 4, Bl.l F.; 1.1.1, 81..67, ST.%, $"1".45 Rl M
U4 and ST.36 wert' I t> toni(v Qi ,1nd Blood,. 1.1. t :.nd ST.45
were as points on the Bright <hannt>ls to dear a nd
invigorate the mind .. 8L.2 and 8L,6? uS('(! -lS p<lints tC}
stn>ngthcn th\' brain .1nd de.u the mind.
In Chinese philosophy, the Po. thl?: Corport?al Soul, il>
linked with the l ung org;m system a nd the Metal
e1emc:nt. The Corporeal St')ul is said to be the- densest, lhe
Copyrghlcd m lcria
most physical and the most materi al a sped of the soul of
a hum,tn bdns. It is equiv.llcnt to the energy body of
Western sometimes l<llled etheric body
or web. The Cnrporeal Soul c)r body,
the physical body, and is S.Jid to be thl'
(ound.'!tion on which the body c."'OleSC\.">S. ll is
insep.uabk !ron\ physical body, and al death. both
undergo dissolution.
The Corporeal Soul. the en('rgy body, is constantly
vibrilling with rhythm of the br(''lthing, .1:; the (."llCrgy
of th(' cnh:rs and the body. cataly.c:ing the
energy Dows within it.
1\ir and the b:tath have two aspects . The phy:iic.'al.
molecular aspt-ct and the f.'nergy aspect of Qi or prrma.
The energy o( the brcJth connects the individual with the
fields o ( entrgy outside themselves. f::ach breath t'\lnnecbJ
th<" inslt-h..> wilh the out:m_ te. so that no human bt>ing can
completclr shut themsdvt.>s off vdthdraw from life.
The breath is <1 rhyt hm of laking in a nd letting
go. taking in the 1\(.'(.'CSS.ary energy and from
outsid<', and Jethns so of the unnecessary, the wasti.s.
The Lungs, the MN;ll clement, ilrc involved with the
rhythm of \,,king in letting go, not only in breathing,
but in tht: formation and dissolution of (>f110tional attach-
ments or bonds. These bond:; are like threads of energy
connecting the p<.l"$0n to the object of attachment, which
c.m lx- a mat(dal obj('<'t. a <hild's toy. or another
humnn being. The SC\'Cring or dissolution of these bonds
c,1u.scs the pJin o ( loss und the emotion of grid.
Completed. grid ill \'Oivt:. -s the de.lri ng aw.1r of uld bonds
and attachments to make roon'l for tlw new. It .1Jso thrO\'/S
thl.! person back on thcmsclv<'s (or a rcappraisal of
idcntit}' Grid .md the Mct3! element .uc like the sword of
truth, cutting bo'l ck the: uncsscntidl. cutting away illusitms.
to confront the individu:.J with rc-ality.
Grid (ul6Js itsel! in wisdom. From each <1ttachmcnt, and
from the clarifying p.lin of letting go of it, comt'S a new
level of sc.lf-knowledsc and aw.1rcnC'SS. This is \\isdom.
i HE l'f.N l
\Vhen a person is as willing to let go of auadunems as
they are to form them, as frt..'<' ly as the rhyt hm of takins
in and letting go of the breath, when they arc as willing
ro tl(tept th(' pain of grief as tlw>Jnding that it
brlnss, then they 3re tru.Jy wis,.,
Att<lchm('nt and grid t-an to many thlngs, to
bcrt'd\'Cmcnt and to loss of a business or an
outlet of creativity, to loss of a p3rt of the b\xty in an
opcraHon, to Joss of femininity \Vith to loss of an
identity. Gri d em relate to .my situ..1tion where enl"Tg}'
bonds ha\'C' been formed b(twe(n the person and the
object of thcir attachment.
Grief c.u1 come (rom identiticJtion with the suffering of
other JX'Ople, with the many tragedies of lhe world,
starvation, diseJsc nnd the cruclt) of man to mnn.
Grief, the of Jetting go, can also relatt! to the
small, ('Ontinual day-HHiay releases of past pre<On('ep-
tions. For in a relations hip. each partner nt."t'ds
tu let go of their past im.-agcs of the other pt.r:son, as thty
d1.angt." and rcveal new aSJX'(tS of their personali ty.
Grid is a pail)ful and disturbing (motion. which pt.."''ple
m<l }' try to avoid. In some socicti('S it is not wholly soci.J.Ily
accep!Jble and tranquillizcrs may be prcsc.ribcd to sup-
press it. Howevt>r, unreleast>d grief produces the ('hronic
pain of the tension between holding in J nd letting go. It
can slagnatt th( Qi of the lungs, causing rt"spiril tOJy
pr<,blems such as dyspnoea and bronchitis. In the opinion
of the author it can stagn.1tc: the Qi of tht' body,
contributing to c.ucinoma.
Holding on to lump o( stagn.1nt ent-rgy may
st1bstitutc for on to the l05t object of
but this t!ncystmcnl of energy within the body may resull
in the formation of phrskal lumps. such as uterine
fibroids and ca.rci nomJs of the breasts, Other pc.>Oplc m..ay
try to hold on to their memori l.'5, withdraw i.nsidc
themselves, living in a worl d (lf the past and shutting
thcmselvC$ off from p.uticip<ltion in the They
may scc.-m cold, or detached. They OUI)' be .:afraid
of forming furt her attachments due to fear of the pain of
loss; this efft>cthely means they are afraid of life.
ln the Promotion t. .. yclc. child of gric( ls
fc.u. Letting go means being alone, suffering a ioss of
Copyrghicd m leria
identity and " little death. Grief can be closely bound to
fear of being alone, fear of unknO\\'n, fear of
letting go of attachments and the fear of death, fear of
forming auachmt.."tll$ and the fear of life.
If there is Deficient Kidney, the person may be too
feaduJ of failure or loss to form bonds. Jt there is Deficient
Lung Qi, the ptrs<.Jn may simply lack the energy to fonn
bonds. or only be to form weak bonds, so that they
have difficulty in continuing relationships.
The Mctal clement and grief hJve different manifcsta
tions according to the energy centre.
Completed grief can bring wisdom and a dc-cpcr p<'t'Cl.'?"
tion and perspective. Unexpressed grief c.m cause ment.1l
dullness and confusion. The point of yln tcfng can treat
This centrt! deals with communication and the E.>xpression
of feelings. so that CV.22 can be used to help to re1easc:o
The difference between Heart and Lungs in relationships,
is that the Heart represents the exchange of feeling .-.nd
affection, whiJst the Lu.ngs repn."St:nt the fom1ing. main-
and dissolution of bond<; of emotional attach
mcnt. Problems with both Heart and Lungs can block
the Heart centre, prevent the free flow of love and
affection .. e.!'n people-. and contribute to diseases o(
heart and circulotory systems, or to carcinoma of tht"
Fear, and insecurity at wparations can focus on
the Solar Plexus centre, and th(loSC emotions can suppK'SS
grief, as wdl as causing phrsic:ol problems such as
restricted breathing or irritable bowel syndrome. CV. 14
c;. 1n ht>lp to relieve situation.
Sympathy is the mother of grief, ond the obility to core for
and nourish another person is necessary for the formation
o( long term attachment$. CV.12 am assist this.
Strengthening the Dan Tian centre can rL"Ciucc the fear

pt.-oplc from letting go of or starting

relationships. It CL\n also provide more energy !or the
formation of bonds. CVA can be used with Reinforcing
method far this purpose, whilst CV.6 is better in rombi-
Mtion with C\'. 17, with Even method, to move the
Stagnant Qi of 5upprcsst:d grief and dcpTC$Sion.
Grief can st.'lgnatc che Reproductive centre and the
process of and reproduction, causing incguhr men
struation. <y$ts. fi.broids, discharge or impotenre.
The grief can be at the loss of a partner, childr(!n, a
business, or it can be the grief of nevc:r having hlld
children. CV.J can be used in combination with CV.17 to
treat these problems.
Yin Metal can be into two types,
Deficiency and Stagnation.
This type may have difficulties forming lasting bonds due
to Deficient Qi of Lungs, and often als<:1 of Kidneys. The?y
mar be (earful of formins new relationships and with
draw from active participation in life, living in lonely
d_reams and memories of tht" past.
These people may havl' more energy. and also more
unexpressed grieJ. They may be reluctant to talk about
their grief, to fact" or to it. and they may try to
suppress it with tro.nquillizcrs, alcohol or othl"T drugs.
Their internalization of grief can block satisfactory new
relationships and sometimes lead to physical Hlness.
Copyrghlcd m leria
The Yang Metal type is the least Yong and extrovert of aU
the Yang Fi\'e FJement types. Violent public manifestation
of grief, with sobbing. wailing, beating of the body. and
the tearing of Mit and clothes, is r3rc in Wcstt'm society.
It also tends to be sporadic and relatively brief. unlike the
continuous hypomania of the Fire type or the continued
intrusive possasivcncss of the Earth personJ.lity.
h is natural to want to help someone who is g.rie\'ing.
but some Yang Metal personalities don't want tt"> let go of
their grief, they just want to t.l1k about it and offioJd som('
of their mist:_ry on to others. Tht.")' may also hold on to
bittemt'$, rest."l'\tmcnt and n.-grct about the past. and
cxtuust others with the <.ndless repetition ol their '""0<.-s.
They may also use other people. by funning new
relationships hlmply to as..'>uttgi' the pain of tht!ir grief. and
not bcc.1usc they have any real rcgJrd for their new
The balance til'S in allowing the of grief, in ll."Ui ng
go of the past, in gaining wi5dom and in and
growing from t>ach relationship or attachment, in pwtrtl
dpating fully in lifc ;md in fanning new bonds, without
being inhibit<.-d by fear of loss.
If Qi ls too \\'eak to fonn bonds, then the first step is to
strengthen the phy!>;cal body by nutrition and moderate
exercise. Qi Gong and otcupuncture con focus on the Dan
nan, Spleen and Heart centres. Strengthening the Dan
1ian centre can help to conserve energy and reduce fear.
tonifying the Spleen centre can increase the ability to ht'lp
and care for self and others, and strengthening the Heitrt
rentre can incrca.w the flow of love and the dl"Sire to fonn
bonds with others.
For those who have withdrawn into th<msclv('S, they
net."li to learn to come $lowly out of their sad and lonelY
world of ghosts, and become stimd again by the vibrAncy
of life. joy controls grid , fire l.'Ontrols Metal, and Five
treatments on the Control cvcle, with needJes
and much mox;a, c-.:ut hi: used to help p...-.ople.
The ICSSQn is letting go, in le.aming to their
emotions. Meditation ca_n be helpfu1 in going dt.-cpcr and
into the self to find the and peacl? to face
the truth, slowly a.nd .Jt their own speed. They need to
leam that overactivity in the outer world may allow them
partly to ignore their grid. but will m)t resolve h.
lh(.>SC pt-.ooplc need first to be aware of wMt they ore
doing. that i$, refusing to look their grief and let go o(
it, and us ing other people In a selfis h and negathe way.
They have the e-nergy md ability to form bonds. but m.1y
be selJ-indulgcnt in cherishing their grief. enjoying their
self-pity. and not being honest with thcmseh' es and
others. It may be useful for them to help to deal with the
gri'-(s and sorrows o( others. to their sclfhh
ness, berome aware of needs of oth(>rs, and put their
own griefs in perspective.
Yin Mel<il type
Yang Melal type
Exam pit
CVA. CV. I2. CV. 17.LU.IO.
HT.8. ST.36 Rf M
altcmatc GVA. GV. I2, BL.20.
BL23. 81..42. 6l.44 Rf M
CV.6, CV.17 EM; LU. I, LU.6,
LU.7. LJ.4, Kl.6. 5T.40 E
.>Hematc BL.I3, BL.I5, BL17.
CV. 6. CV. 17 E M; LU.7, U.4.
SP.t. SP. 21 , LR.t. LR.U E
A wtt1'nMI o( 35 to " 'ithdraw i nt() hcrS.tlf, was un.Jbk'
to Itt go oi mu<h grief from unh.1ppy p3St rel.ltk>nshlps . 1nd
tt:>nded to act in her new relationship a5o i f it were one of her
()ld M the rq*.:ttl.'d in hltr
rel1tionships wi th cam.; from a disturbed rel.ttion!ihip
with h'-'1" fathn. Her puis.." was thin. hindl'fCd and
changing. The lung position Vo'o1S sometimt:S empty .md
somdimcs flooding.
The di.lg:nosis W.l.S .t.nd St.:t.gnadun of Luns Qi
.1nd Dtoficie-nc)' o( Heart Fit<". The point combination
C\!.17, 8LJ3 EM; LU.J, lU.i IC f/T.8. LU.IO. ST.J6 Rl M
Copyrghlcd m lcria
The Water clement, the Kidney organ systl!m and the Dan
Tia1\ c.:eotre, all relate to the storage and ronser-
\lation of energy, so that H can be available-
required. If this stored energy bL">Comt.-s depleted .. then the
person may be with no reserves of strength.
Their emotional responses may be reduced, or the)' may
become emotionally IJ.bile, since there is not enough Qi to
hold tht! stablt". Since Qi the quality of
adaptability, tht:!y may avoid or postpt:mt> nlrct?Ssary
since they do not h..wc suffici<'nt Qi (or OcxibiC'
The '"'m is the ability to focus 3ttention and ('ncrgy upon
a gool, with th(' concentration. dctccminiltion and
verance to achieve i t The storOO energy o( the Kidneys
combines with the will to give drive and ambition.
H there is not enough Kidney (."flcrgy, and if the wiU is
weak, then the has diffkulty starting or complet-
ing tasks, is easily disrouraged by and l(i
gcncr.lll)' spineless in character. If lhcre is not enough
Kidney energy, and if the will i.s strong, the person mAY
bum themselves out by attempting to achieve goals
OOyond their c.1p.1city. They may loathe themselves (or
thtir wei.l.kness and appanmt failure.
If both energy and will are strong. the pt.-rsun may be
dyn:.mic and tiJ'('I<'SS with goals which they work
hard and consistently to achieve. They may be charis
malic leaders. Howeve-r, they may be ruthless and incon
siderate o( their own health and of the lives of others. If
the strong energy .tnd will is mixed \\'ilh deep 1nsccurity
and fear. they may set> the world a!> and
paranoid, suspicious, me-galomaniac, aggressive,
and obsessed with obtaining.. m.llntaining Jnd cxp.1nding
ptlwer and rontrol.
Fear is a useful emotion in that it sets limitations and
b.-dances the txpansive efft.>d of tht> will and the Heart
Spirit. But an toxcx-ss of fc.u can p.1ralysc action or
a constant stress upon the body that damages the Heart
and the t)ther at the r<.lC.)t of so many life
problems, fear of failure, fear of los.s of control, (car of
responsi bility, fear of being dependent. fear of being
alone. ft>ar of illness. fear of death, fl!ar of sex. fear of life,
and so on.
Fear is the moth(r of clnger and the controller of joy. II
also can inhibit sympathy and caring, and suppress the
process of grieving and letting go.
The e!\perience of inner slrength, of faith in life and f<tith
in self, fear. Focusing on the Dan Tian centre
in Qi Gong or mediation can Si'' e relief from fear. The use
of CV.4 can assist this same effect.
Table 13.1 summilrb:Ps the Kidneys and the Lower
Encfb;r centn.--s, and the effect of fear on the Heart centre
is discussed on page 167.
Through lack of L'1le:tgY or through (earfulnes:s, the Yt.n
Water type gives up on life and surrenders control of their
own destiny. Th'-'Y simply do not do enough. rhings st.-em
too n\uch effort. too difficult. too dangC1'0us, &and they lack
the detennination to achieve gools.
The Yang \Vater type can be divided into two groups:
Ex('CSS and Deficiency.
These fX-'Oplc do too much. They arc energetic, ambitiOU$
and ruthless, and sometimes reckless and foolhardy. C\'Cn
seeking d.lngerous situations. They may have great stress
from the fear of losing control, and although thC)' may try
to suppress their fears, seeing them as a fonn of weak-
ness, t h{' constant emotional pfl.'l'S.5ure may damage the
hcort ond the physic,\1 body.
They may b;, e<>ld and lonely people. ,..king Surity
in obtaining power othf'TS, and dominating otherS
with their will.
Copyrghlcd m lcria
These ore people who <!ither have constitutionally weak
energy and strong will. or who once had strong energy
and strong will. but who bumlXI themschcs out by
ovcrnctivity. They can suffer great depression and loss of
scHrt'.Spt"'<'t. They St"e themselves as failures and weak-
lings, but their problem is that they have set
inappropri<'lte or unrealistic goJis.
The OOI.mcc is a Ann wilt but with conrem (or self and
others, not discour<l.gcd by dangt-r or difficulty,
geous but not foolhardy. The balance lit.s in action
proc:coffiing from inner strength faith in self, and not
as compensation for inner insccurities and feats.
The Yin water types have to Jearn the lesson of <h.'tion.
They need carefull y to conserve their energy, and not to
attt->mpt tasks beyond 1heir c.1p.1dtiC'S. However, thC)'
n("(-d to discipline themselves not to ddJ}' but to act.
They tend to postpone tasks repeatedly so that thi.'$C
never get done, and they need daily self-discipline to go
beyond this h.1bit. Once they start .1 t.tsk they must lcam
to it without delay.
Tiley need slowly and graduall y to build up their
seU conf'idcncc by l.1sks of increasing diffi
cuhy and challenge. but they must be careful not to go
beyond their abilities or they become or
dcpn. "S.Scd, and once again give up.
Both Excess and Deficiency types need to find their source
of inner strength ll_nd They need to learn to act
fn>m inner stillness and strength, not from inner restless
ness .1nd (Nr. They need to learn how to be. as well as
how to do, and thcv need to slow do,vn and learn the
m!4..'d of a balance activity and rest. There ic, a
time to be buS>' and a time to rest and store energy.
Those who arc ldthout rcs-ud for others, need
to learn considt'Tation, cumpa$sion and love. They need to
find strength within thcmseh'es so that they can open
themselves up to love, and not it as a c:Lmg'--rous
t-.teditation focusing on the Dan Tian centre can help to
rontrol fear. so that they fee-l more secure, and less driven
to gain power over othcrs. CV.4 with Reinforcing method
CM\ be combined with CV.l4 with Reducing DlCthod. to
assist this.
They howe to lc.1m that they arc not weak fai.lun.."S. but
that they need to their goals. They need to le.lm
that life can be enjoyed. it is for living, not mcf'l_'ly (or
achieving an endless succession of goals.
Yin Wat<r typ< GV. 20, CV.4, HT.S, Kl.l. Kl.7,
BL64, ST.36 Rl M
Yllrlg Wl<r lyp<
ltornate GV.2, GV.-1.. GV.20, 81..23,
BL.S2 Rl M
Exc"" GV.20, CV. I4, PC.6, Kl. l Rd;
CV. I7. KJ.6 Rl
Deficiency GV.20, CV.4, KLJ, SP.6, ST.36 Rl;
PC.6 Rd
E.:ran1 pie
A man ol 38_. wa5 frustmttd and deprt"SSed (I ( h.l.s
tirt!dncss and dl!liculty in maintdining a ' 'igorou.s exercise
r<>utine. His w4S wiry Ooodin,t;.
His tongue was pale and fuabb)'
di.WlOSC. Of 01.fteicnt Kidney Qi With ExeC..,$
Kidney Will, and Stag.\ilnl U\cr Qt. The flooding pulse in
this case indi<.1tcd the strain o( txcc:ssh-c effort and prnsurc
l)f will, .tnd not H1t. Th(' pint ('l)mbination w.:..s:
GV.20, PC.6. LR.l E; SP.3, ST.J6, Kl3 R1 M
CVA. wa$ not U$1.-d iuitiatl\', .. , i.n thi.s m..1n
.m'<l)' his last rocr\'cs o( citerg)' l-Ie was ad\'iscd temporarily
to I'Cdu.c., I."Xt:rciH routine to give:. the a clmncl.'
to work, and to substitute h''O sessions of S\\'imming per
we-ek ror some or thc joggins.. sin!X long -term tho.'lt wouJd
increase his e ndurance and the strength of his muscles. 1'h.e
lde.1 this w;l:S simpl) to gtt him to n._-d.ucc his cxressivc
E'xercise routine.
Thli.> Hun, or Spiritual Soul, is related to the Wood element
and to the It is associated \otith intuition, imagina-
Copyrghlcd m leria
tion, and the right side of the brain. lntui!ion is the abilit)'
t" feel and percciv._ overall p.1t:ems. in perspt>Ciive. Jt is,,.
romplcmcntary to the JnJ.lytical mind ctssodatcd
with the Spleen. and the left side of the brain.
Intuition can givt-;) dc.-.r pktur(' of tht\ main thrt-ads of
.1 person's lif(', or it can give .1 fcdinJ; of rightness .1bout
a p.1rticular course of action. It C<'ln ghe an insight into the
pole:ntial unfolding o( ;. personality, nnd it can give ,,
strong sense of dir<'<.iion in life.
The Wood element is linked to the abiiHy to moke pb.ns
and to make dt-'d!Jions. Thls .1bility is cln into the
analytical mind oi the function of intuition to an
overall pattern ,md to know how it (.'0\J.Id un(old.
analytical ability of planning dnd decisionrnaking, and
the intuitive ability to pcT<'\"ivt pJttems of the past and
prc:scnt unfolding into the future? a.rc complementary.
Out, when planning and dKisionmaking have lost con
nec.1ion with the person' s inner unfolding, tht>n their life
can bt."CQmc filled with d.ifficultics fmst:rJtions,
problem of the moclt:m world partly Lhat sx-oplc
rarely trained in the irHllitive iat' ulty. and partly that
it is difficult for mind, and body to rda.x
sufti:dently (o!' intuitioll to function.
M:my \Vood pc<1plc fct;l on inner rcstlt..'SS prcssu.rc of
: hat secrns to need release in action. This Inner
pr... --ssurc tends to mnk<' them live and work <'H sp('(>d, .1nd
to become- imp.'ltienl, irrittlbiC' and angry when progress
becomes tO() slow to meet their mood. This pressure can
give stress to thcmsl'lv(os .1nd to those who li\'e ond work
around I hem.
rt thl!y Surrender tO thi.i inner preSSUN, and tht- net.'d
for speedy action they c.1n make m.lny unwise decisions,
that .uc nol based on their own inner needs, but simpl)'
on thdr dc:;irc lor a rapid de-cision. so that they get
on with it'. Thcy arc the kind o( people likely to 'jump out
o the frying pan into the fire.
When Wood people c.1nno1 sec their p>tth in life, so that
they have no outlet fQr crcativil)'.
cxpn:.-ssion and Sl.'lf ... growth, th('y <:Jn beroml.' frustrated
and depressed. This c:-;m also hJppcn i( they lose conl.lct
with their intuition and make unsuitable plans and
dedsions. They are vel')' sensitive to the feeling, of being
blocked a nd obstructed in their live-s. but so often crtatc
these s:iluoHion!': (or themselves.
Milll)' p-.!op!e, whelht>r by natme Yin or Yang Wood
types. suppress their Jngt"r ;md irriuttion, either bcc:tusc
they fear the consc:qucnccs of cxpre.ssion. or b.mse they
r.,"<.l it is wrong. This is espt'Ciall y tme- uf WOO<.J- Earth
typ.--s who wish to appear pleasant. carins and n ice.
However, the conscqu("f''C::cs of of
angt:'r can rang(' from hcadach(" a nd irrilable bowel
S)11dromc to myoc.1rdial infarction .lnd cerebrovascular
i!Ccidcnt. Also, SOtne degree o expression of "'nger can lx!
ne<t"SSMY to t.. >stablish boundari(-s. t>specially in those Yin
\Vt)l">d typ&s who allow themselves to be dominated by
oU\cr people.
The \Vood clement ha.s cxp;:tnsivc energy, it is the
clt:mcnt of birth, growth and Jndeed.
some Yang Wood types try to usc thC' poopll.> around thtm
merdy JS a Ol fo'IJ\S to cxp.1nd the seff .. of th('ir
own t.gos.
Many Wood people like movt:"ment. travel .md change.
b(."Causc they hall' the fc-cli ng of stasis, st.1gnation a.nd
to which thcr dre prune. They can be
impatient for scllgrO\\' th. personal change .1nd develop
mcnt, oftt'fl because their lack of paticnc(' inability to
use their intuitioll has put them in J s ituation of inter
woven difficultk"S.
The \'\'ood element can h.wc a rather )'OUthful aspect o(
imp.'ttiencc with .tnd limil...1tion, dl"Si.rc for
frCi!dOm and independence. and a fC"('ling of rebellion and
aggrcssion towards restraining authority. The mature
expression of the Wood elcm<.>nt is the baku1t.'C betw(eo
The Yin Wood type often has Deficient Kidm.y Qi, so that
they have weak sense (lf self and insufficil!nt personal
force. They arc un$ure of their own identity and path in
life. unccrt.tin of their opinions and decision ... and find
difficulty in expressing their own t:'go, so they h;,ve
weak bound.;uics :md :tre Nsily influenced and domi
n.1ted by others. They are timid, Jack t.-onfidl'ncc, .and
plagued by sel f-doubt.
Copyrghlcd m lcria
Ahhough energetic and forceful, they often lack conn('c-
tion with their ow-n inner strength, and a press-tare of
insecurity .md untcrt.1inty, so that they are impati<.'Tlt and
irritable with others. They may, on other hand, be
\"('Ttain of self and know their o wn diro:ti<m in life. or
le.1st they do. They may be intol('rant of others k-ss
s ure and quick than and may
express and expand their own ego, of the
needs of others.
The)' htnd to be domineering Hke the Yang Kidney
typf'. but angry and or even violent. where thi!
Kidney type would be coldly manipulating. They arc
pn)ne to great impatience. fru!Unnion a nd dt.-pression
when they loci blockC'd.
The bal:mt"e manifests in the ronhdent intuitive perSOn,
wi th a clear vision of thei r own path in life, and the
paticncl! to allow it to unfold. They arc strong and
independent. but able w express their own personality
and crealivitv in ,\ smooth and rclt\Xed wow. in hannonv
with the or others. .
First of Jll, the \
in \Vood type needs to contact and
de\'elop their own inner strength iU\d sutcl)' of self.
f\tt'dilatlon techniques focusing on the D.ln Tian centre
helpful. cspt.-'Cially i( thei r wl!akncss in Wood is linked
to Defident Kidneys. They need first to strengthen the
Dan nan centre, then to drculate its energy through their
bodies. then to project it .1round thcmschcs to strengthen
thdr sense o r boundaries. so that they artt tlble to resist
the intruSiOI\S Of
The S<.'COnd main lesson is to dcvdop .;md use their
intuition, to make .m incn:dSingly strong conn">ttkm to
the ongoing patt\.'rn uMoldi ng within thetn. This gives
them a greater sense of ccrtairlly and dinX'tion. to
ovL"rc:ome th(-ir tendency to hesitation. dithering and
procras tl nation.
Tile f'trs t step is to slow down. and to t:ultivatc u
of innL"r pcdcc. To act out of stilln('S$ and c.:rtalnty and
not out of impatience and inner stress. They have to learn
to relax. to surrender? and Jet go of the- pressure of thelr
plans and dt'Cisions. Only by doing this can they develop
lh(i r intuition which can allow to flow sJnoothly
through life. in hMmony with it. They need ro leam that
things happen in their own time, and that life cannot be
forced t1r hurried.
Th('y ll('t.'Cfto accept !hat there are times of no appart>nt
action and change, either in the outside world or in
thcmscJves. They need to accept time:s of rest, to
patient and to attunt! with their higher seU. their
ilion. to S{'{' the way they s hould go. They also have to
overcome th(..-ir natural sclf'i.$hncss. and team love, com
passion and considerAtion (or oth('f'S. They have to
replace with calm, imp;)tienc:c with patience, and
judgement with ob-servation.
Both Yin and Yang Wood types have to learn to deal with
their angcr. not to fc,u it or be disgusted by it, not to
indulge in it, but when to cxprl"SS it omd when to S..lY
nothing. By increasing streng:h of self, they are ll"SS
''Ulncrablc to ;md touchiness. By decre3sing
the stress in their lives and living more harmoniously,
they reduc(> the internal pressure that product's cxplosiv(
angn. By slowing down and acting more from innl>r
stillness and strength they (.an slowly reduce anger and
impatience, b'tt it takes a continual daily disciplin( and
Yin Wood type CV.4. TE.4, GD.40, SP.6, ST.36 Rl;
CV. I4. GB. I3 E
altomato GV.4, BL. I9, BL.23,
BL48 Rl
Yang Wood type GV.20, yin, I'C.8, tR.2,
Kl.l ll d: LR.8, Kl.6 Rl
A of 30 \\'.:lS in somt> "-'A)'S indcprndcnt ::md in othcN!
E>morionally dcpendent on his He in some ways
but in othc!'1; t:.ckins in ronlldi'J'nt."(', n"dln& much
rt'.lS'Suran<'. and 10 criticism or ad viet-, He suffered
from both migraine-s and dt-pression. His pulse was t!mpty.
at the Kidney and positiOn$, ol.nd thin and
wiT)' in lht Livt,>r .md G.:tllbladdt"f po!litkln:s.
TI1e diagnosis lclCk of conflde-ncc and hypL'TSCI'ISithit)
due to Dt fici ent Qi o( IGdney .:md (".allbladdcr, .md ol a tension
lx-tw(cn ind.:pcndcncc .tnd dependence, due to Deficiency
of liver 01nd Sph."' n. Uvcr i..i so;-en M ftcedt)m .,,\d
independence. and Splccn as ruling dcpcnd{'l1' due to th\'
n('l.">d to b\' cou{'Ci for by othC'rS.
Tile point combin.Jtion h' as:
Copyrghled m leria
CV.4. CV.I2. GB.<O. 5T.l6, Kl.3 Rl: GV.20. GO.lO E
DLIS. BL19, BL.23. Rl; BL48, Bl.49 E
This chaptCT has tht> tiw Yin and the five Yang
persoMlity types. General discussion of the Yin-Yang is
given in the n(."Xt chapter.
Copyrghlcd m lcria
Maintaining the balance 5
of Yin and Yang
Y;mg energy. and warmth; Yin gives solidity. nouris hm("flt,
rootncss and I"CSt. The babnre of Yin .-. nd Yang givl'S health and
Yin Yang imbalance is at the root of much illness, whether physical or psychological.
&ccsshrc Y.1ng, or Deficient Yin, mc.1ns excessive activity, movement, hc.1t and
with lack of rest due to lnsuff'icicnt, rlourishmcnt and grounding of the Ht:.ul
Spirit. Excessive Yin. or Dcflcient Y.lng_ mc.lns l ack of physical. t'motional <'tnd mental
movement, with exccsshc Cold and 0.1mp.
People may inherit t'lr develop a con!>titution which is basically Deficient Yin or
Deficient Yang. This affects pathology. For example, \Vind invasion of a Deficie-nt Yin
type person will tend tl) hcwe a Wind HeJt reaction in the body whilst Wind inv.Js ion
of a Q('fkient YttnS type will tend to have <'I Wmd Cold reaction in the body. Be1ween
invasions. the Deficient Yin type m.1y benefit from Kl.6 + LU.S Rf, while the Dcfid<'nt
Yang type may benefit from K1.7 ST.36 Rf M.
Cultural dlffercnC't.S will afft.'Ct the numbN manift--stlng Deficient Yln or Deficient
Y.1ng signs ln a population. for cxampl(.', 01 rura) society with physical overwork,
exposure to Wind, Cold and 0Jmp, and malnutrition, m.t}' tend to Deficient Yang. An
industrial society with mental .. werv.otk. and high levels of stress, gre.-1ttr of rkh
foods_, and exposure to central m.a) tend mort> to Yin.
Modem life ccntn--s round strl'SS(ul acti vily. To a grt;u extent, four things OOcn lost;
The loss of these four things relates to the loss o( the deep feelings o( peace. calmnl"SS
and tranquillity. that rom1.'S fnmt contact with the inm.'f self. r hc e-'<p('1iene(. of the
inner self is the experi ence of the balance bctw.:cn Yin and Yang. There Lo; of
inner peace. Yin, at the same time as an experi{'t'li.'t' o( energy and strength. Yang.
Copyrghlcd m teria
True rnt is r.1re in the nlOdcm "orld. Much of \\hat
pl"()plc call rest is with ment3l merstitnu1ation.
wh('thrr tdevislon, \ideo.garnt..'S or wh:Ht'Vt"r. The
result o( this i$- that Yin is nol proper!) t'\1plcnishcd, so
that P'-'(Jple become increasingly U1'Cd Tiley
1n.:"IY nllem.ue between the usc of stlmultJnts such as
coffct' or to si"c them energy or e.xcite-
mLnt. and the U!K' or tranqulllitt.r$ co giv\!' a
outifi<UI c-.11lm.
In life. the world of d.ayhmt> nu.ntal acti\'ity and
stress htts encroached into the world or talccp. so that
sleep is ofh.n of poor quality. and the ptrson ch-.cs not
aw.1kc rclrcshed In the morning. the
o( insomni:t and the widesprcJd usc o( hypnotic drugs
indicate the extent of this problem. Slc'-'P is not merely .,
m5o"'tion of physical acti\'ity. it st.11e of being which
is for the daily regeneration of mind ;tnd body.
Lad .. of $k-cp means OefKil'"nt Yin. h hkh in tum can
cause insomnia in the night in th(t day.
TI1e world or si'CP is alllt'd with the ri ght side of the
brnin, with dreaming. imagination and intuition. Analysis
and intuition arc complementary r.lcultics. but the bal-
cmct. betwt.>en them has been lost. In the modem world
thc:r\1 is great overemphasis on analysl$ and gre.1t under-
dcvc.lopment u( intuition. l...o$5 o( the intuitive: ability
gre.uly lnae.Jses the level of unt"t'rt.Jint) and stress.
le><lng to lunheT depletion ol Yin.
Without intuition, it is difficult for proplc to sec: lhrir
poth In llf. and easy lor them to b<rome t-ntongled in the
longwrm stressful consequences of unwise dMslons.
Inner st rength can be developed by the daily discipline or
routine of dt-eply rcl.uins the mlnd to experience directly
the balan<'C of Yin-Yang. Th.i.$ simu1t.1neou.s experience or
and Stn">flgth can then be al)owed to Row out into the
life. Thu.s. outer strength is based on inntr strength and
Most people l'XJ"'nd their energy In ccnstant stressful
a<tivity in the exlerrutl world, con5t.tntly outside
or thems.!lvcs for the peace and that can only be
round within. By doing this, they deplete their Yin, and
shut off (rom the SOUl\"t or rt411 s trength.
Deficient Yi n c.ln bC! truatcd with points
lit..e SP.6 ,uu.l Kl6, but this is not enough to lxlth
Yin and prevent future Deficiency. A more
thorough trc.ttmcnt of Deficient Yin h;.$ several aspects:
tonlly Qi
tonih \' in
.. Rre
calm Spi1i1
den!k>p tnner JX'aC"C af)d strcn&th
readjust SOJ15.
Dcfidnt Yin is oflen bdsed on Oelki<nt Qi. lf Is not
enough Qi to hold thing5 the patient may altcm41 te
bet"'t.ootn Ot.:ftcicnl Yin and 0...-ficicnt Yang. Exo1mplcs of
this are milnic and menop.1us.d alternation.'
betw .. n I<S'Iinll" o! hl>at and leelmgs of cold.
Points <uch u ST .36 or SP.J that tomf) Qi and Blood
tal\ be used, in additioo to neutral points. such as BL23.
CV.4 Kt3 th11 the balan('C bctwN':n Yin ond
Yang by stnmgthcning Qi.
Points like.- SP.6 r.nd Kl.6 can be used to Yin in
general, and points lil<e w..; and tff.6 can be used to
tonifr the Yin ol specific organs.
The 5)"tcm of reducing the Fire point and rdnforcing the
Water point Is d f<Ctlve. e.g. "-'1. 2 Rd.,. KI.I O Rl. II the Fire
is more the of redudng both Well point
and Spring point con be ad.lptcd, e.g. KJ.l Kl.2 Rd.
In addition to the points given., to tomfy Ytn and to
disperse Fire. other point$ can be usro co rnlm the Spirit.
di.'pcndlng on situatiott and on the energy o_--ntre
affected. f-or CX4mple:
CV. I4 for Deficient Yin 1-"th (c,u
111 rt
an mi<1n
for Deficient Yin with overexdh:.'fnent
or an.xiety
for Deficient Yin with mental restless -
for Dcficicnl Yin + Ocfidcnt Blood with
for Deficient Yin + H)peracti\'C liver
for Deficient Yin with insomnia and
This can only happt'n when patients realize that their
greatest resources lie within themselves. and when they
make a daily routine of rclax.ation and meditation
c:iscs that allow thcr.n to contact thc54: rcsourt'Cs. a.nd bring
them out into their lives.
Acupuncture can open a window of opportunity. and
the practitioner c.m give instruction and support, but it is
only the patient's daily appUcation that will lead them to
a direct experience of the balance between Yin and Yang..
the experience of unity.
1't'any people in the modem world, set tht..rnselvt.'S goals
thJ.t are inappropriate to their pcrsonaiHy, b'-'yond their
capacity. or impossible within a given time limit. As a
result they bum out resf:rves of energy a_nd suffer
both exhaustion and deprt'Ssion- S4."e Chapter 34.
Patient counselling is necessary if they arc cv(.r to
rebu.ild the Qi and Yin, so that they undmtand them-
both their abilitit.-s and limitations. select goals
within their capacity md .li!Ow themselves time to rest
and recover.
Combinations such as GV.20 K1.1 Rd can only be
used to rcl.lx the will if thC' pc"'ticnt is lik<'1y to the
sensation of exhaustion that may follow the use of tht.'5<.'
points - see Chapter 4 on life lessons of the
J'CI"'" lity types.
Each of the Five Elements has a Yin and a Yang
personality type. E.lch of these 10 types tends to charac-
teristic illnesses and life problems. For each of the Fi\'e
Elements there is a s tate of balance between Yin and
Yang. and each of the 10 p('rsonality types can
towards this ba:IJ.nce by learning the particular lessons of
their type. This is discussed in detail in Chapter 4, and
point combinotions for the 10 personolit}' trpes J;J"C
summarized In Table
E.Jch human being can focus their attention on their inner
self, lhe Yin or female nspcc.t. or on the outer world, the
Yang or male aspect. The inner and outer aspects are
complementary, and an individual overemph<l.Si2:CS
t ither of th(.-,e Mp<:ds there is imb.llancc.
Yang must have> its foundation in Yin. ActJvity in
outer world, Yang. needs to be foundl?d on a strong
contact with the inner self, Yin. E.xtcrior Jctivity ncNs to
c!crivc- from inner and strength and to be .t
natural of the unfolding and t?xpression of a
peT5on' s inner potenti.11 or life p.1th. Yang 01nd Yin M'e
then working together in harmony.
Man)' pt'(lpfe in the modem world have lost contact
with their self. so that the-y separation of and Yin. Titeir cxtemalactivity does not derive (rom
inner s tillness and strength. but from inner
and weakness. as a compens.."'tion for the loss of oontact
t .. ; th the inner self. Much of their result not from
their il\nl' r unfolding_ but as a conS<.'t}ucntt of to
t.>scapc the tangled consequences of being out of tunl"
with this. has its foundations in Yin, so that Yin
and Yang become depleted, and individuals experience
the inner discomfort of Yin-Yang imbalanre.
Men and women each have their male ilnd female
each have their Yang and their Yin. A-; a
in men 1he Yang is ernph.lsi?.cd and in
women the Yin. In women there tends to be .l stronger
link with the inncr-S<.IJ and with intuition, in men thcl'('
is a stronger tendency to lx> active a nd asserthe in the
outer world.
For men. the problem has always been ovt>remphasis on
e:xtema.l acti\'ity, Y,;mg. and .1 loss of ronb1ct with the
innt.-r world, Yin. This not only in burnout of Yin
but a lso in loss of contact with the softer Yin qualities of
tC11dcmcss, compassion and anng. This results in a
world of fear. inscru.rity. hatred, aggression, warfare and
t.-rucl ty, which <lfft."Cts buth men c1nd women.
Since the focus of men is outward, they tend to have
difficulty in devt>loping their intuition, ilnd achieving a
between intuition and analysis. This is aggra-
vated b)' the modem overemphasis on .malysls and the
lack of tru!>t or training in int\1ition, which is the \'Oicc of
the inner self.
To correct this in1balunce, mc)St men n(oed to learn to
Copyrghled m leria
din.ct their attention inward. to cn.-.uc d trong(.'1' cont.1ct
with che lnntr selr. 11t0 thilt they c:en bnng more of the
feminine quolbtil'"S of the inner M>lf otll Into their I1V('$ .tnd
into thl! world around them.
In most of the sodeti<"S of the p.ut, the problt'tlt ror
womrn wa, c-xh.1ustion of Yin throush continual child
birth and c-hlk! Colrt.".
In modt-m society. 3$ l>N'olne mot"'e arn,e in
lht "'-lcm.ll worid. they are incn..uinsJy suffering from
tht s.anw problems as men. in O\'('n"fnph.htS of Yang.. loss
or ront.lct wuh the inner-5('1( lnruhK>O. and the
burnout o( Yin. Thls is rcHocteJ in ' change in disc.tSc
patterns. fur cx41mplc. an incredse In my{)('.,Jial infarc-
Hon. In not only Jo many have th('
double lo:\d of motherhood and job, but .liSO this is n lime
o( confwlon ;.nd uncertainty "bout thl.!' n:.'ltun: oi ft.mi-
nlulty. and the of the male and . b5)('C'ts for
Whilst womC"n l('nd to h<wc ll ttronst-r contact
with the lnnt."r-sclJ and intuition. they oflm find it
dfficvlt to trust their lin by 1t, .md bnng 1t mlo
outtt woTkl cspcciaUr in the current durwtt' of thc-
wor:thip o( and logic. r-or women with (ulltimc
iobs rnn.oers. th\!re is the doubt<" dlngl.'r of
ovcn.mphasis o( the Y.lng or mal(' .upcct. and ol the
St;lgn . Hion ol the Yin, or fcmalt: Acupuncture
and can both help to the Yi n-Yang<lnC'I). Points orl the ConC\"ption ch.mncl co11 be com-
bined wilh Extra channel poi.nts o.s ..t b.uis for
Polnl combindtiOil"o for 1ht: Yin IUld Y.111g E..:trd
channel pcrson.llily types are discussed m Chapter JO and
m T.1ble 10.5.
E.lrly childhood U a time or acting out o( the innl'r world.
A time of Jiving from the im.lgin.uion, a of the
and growth of Yin,
In \Vt"SICnl society there iJ inCTC.uins pr(>S.Surc on
children to look beh.a\'e like or even like
tldults. Al-.o. tn a large exll.'flt,' of the
imagin:'ltion has bt."Cn replac;ed by and telt"-
\' ision. This di."\.:Sluation and short('fling of d1ildhood is
not simply tht> Joss of magic in life. it is a
olthe dl"Ve!opment of the Yin qu.thhes which
fonn the foundations o( .tduh
This situation is b)' the cu".:-nl weakening
of rhl' (,lnuly and social structtzre. b)' the confusion
41bout noature and roi<'S of men :md women. ldt-.tll )',
nt."C'\.1 10 e:..pcrience both the YJng .md Yin
qualities of th" father. and both thr Yng and the- Yin
quJiitl(.\'5 of the n\Other. They ni.'i!d to rxpcnt:'ncc the
masculine .ruu.t feminine aspects ol both par<'nl:s, so that
their own mllk._fcmc'lle b,,lancc c;,,n dcvdop h.umo11i
I n reallt)
many childretl grow up in on<' p.ucnt fomU-
Ih."S, whil)l the 1t\11joritr develop in lamilict where the
Mi> rwilhvr in baJancti> wilh nor l'3C'h
other. Jn Lh('Se conditions or ronlu.s.ioll, ronnict, insecurity
and uno;-rt.ainty, .nisc not only childhood disc.1M'S 01nd
juwnite crimtt, but al..o an unstabJe foundation for .ldult
hfe. Acupuncture treatment of c-hildrt"f'' 11 lh"'Tt(ore vny
often by acupuncture tr('.Jtmrnt a.nd rnun..o;el -
lanz;: of l hl." p._.ltl.'flb
In th.: \\'t')ttm world, the pressure for children Jnd
t('("'agci"S to lvok nnd act like Olduhs. For >ldults, thert' is
cnormoui prt'iSUn' to maintain d youthful .. ppc:uomce,
C\'t.n in old lndl-t.-d. dut" to 11 o( con Wet \\'ilh the
inne-r identify ";th their external
and cannot aca."PI the ageing
AI mtdHie. b..."'th' C\"1\ .1bout 40 oJnd 50 yt".ns of Jge. there
is 6n opportunity tu g.tin sreat s:rength Jnd hisdom by
assimililhng the of life, and ronhnuing
.!dive hfc with a deeper understandin,; ilnd awartm"Ss.
Midlife b ,, time whl.'n the (jUality of c,'lr, tx.o
incroJscd by 1'\.--tun\ to Yin, and the!'(' be the
ol :'1 n''"' b:.t.,ncc o( Yin .. Y.ltlfi:. However-,
(or m.ln)' thi:t opportunity is rt.'3trili(-d by Cl ft'Cii ,g of
despair at growing old and an dUempr W hold un to
Jn old "S'-' from 65 onwards, there is .1 of Y.tng,
o1 rt'duC1jon in uutt<r acti\ity. a return to Yin. II people
this, old .J);t> can be a time of'""" d..-\elopment
and but 1f tht'v do not. it can be a time of,tion, bitterness and
The F .. >.tr.t dhmnd pairs ant (Mnicularly useful in
h"Nting physkol and psychologic;.>ll problrnl'i
with tlw diffcn.nt mojor st.Jgt-s of dcl'clopnlcnt.l
process. and ill rt>-est.tblis hillg Yin- Yang blll ..mce .11
(>ach phtl sc.
The empha.J, of has been on the urlgin$ .md
of DcfkKmt Yin. However, th...,-p an. those who
arr Odkicnt Yon& c1thcr br ronstitution. physic:.d O\"Cr'
work and .. -.po;urc to Cokl. or b...'C.auw they \\' trc
originally healthy or Yin, but bumt>d our thi."ir
Yang by stn5sful activity.
C. py I I m n
of Dolicirnt Yang lw fe\'cr>t .upoos:
tonify Qi
tonify Yns
dispc,... Cold and Damp
rcliuw dl'prt":4Sion
futuro bu"'out.
To provide solid foundation for Yang. it is n<tt>Sdry to
tonify Qi. Blood nd Yin. This an bo "''th rombi
notions li"" ST.36 Rl M; SP.6 Rf.
Yang ltsol( can be streng1hmed by noc<llil or moxa on
uch points GV. l. CV.4 . GV. l -1 and CV. 20. The Yang
$pedfk organJ c:nn be treated with nt"l'<llc ""d snox11 on
the Fire point of that organ. e.g. KI.2. LR.2. SP.2, HT.S.
I'C.S, LU.IO: or Governor or Bldder point associ a led. e.g.
CV. II and BL IS for the Heart.
In ro needle .md moxa of the Fire points. Cold
ond Damp con be dispersed by the use of 5uch points as
CV.6. CV.8, CV.9, CV.I2, ST.36. ST.40 and SP.9 with
Relnfordng method .lnd moxa.
Oefirlent Yang con lead to lck of of both mind
and omotions. partly due to O...ficiency, and partly due to
thr Stagnation that follows iL Points c-.m be
according to the shuatk>n and the ene-rgy cenlrtlS affc."("tfd.
For f'XJmpte, CV.3 CV.6 (or depre$$ion "'ith infertility,
cv .3 + CV. 17 ror with lm."gUlitr m-.:nstruAtion.
CV.6 CV. I4 fur fcdrful depns<ion wllh l><k of will. All
points can be US(.-d with E.,.en method and mo-.:a.
For those- \\ ho ha\t beromt Dl"fident due to
burnout there is problem that .. soon .s !hey &''" a
little man: thclr rcstles.sncss lllnd (I'U61ration
tend CO the 0\'t>rilCtivUy that burn OUt Y.,ng .tgAin
Moxa must be used "'ith great caution with these
patil!nts. since they can e.1.sily dunge (rom Delidenl
back to DcOdenl Yin. Points need to lx.- iiddtd to C'<llm th(
mind and to rcl,u: the '''ill, SU(h as GV.9, CV.20. y\n,
BL7, GB.I 3, CV.I4, KLI .and KL7. Tiwse point con be
used h'ith Even or Redudng method, 01hcr
poims are tonlfil<d to !'trengthl"n Qi and Y;mg.
The ne-.ct ch.lpter exp._lnds the- dassific01tion of d&sharmo-
njes into Yin or Ytlng, by using the concept o( the! four
main irnbalan-s o( Qi, Ocficitncy. Exn.-ss, Stagnation
()('fldency .md Stagnation .:are rc-lati\'cly Yin, nnd
and lmgul.11it)' are relatively Yang:
Yin Yng
Detidency E'(ttSS
S"'gntlon lmsu.Luity
Deficiency, Excess,
Stagnation and
The concept of the four main Qi imbalances developed by the author system
of the classification of disharmonies. which could be: used to inh:gratc acupundurc.
energy work .md medit.lt1on. Once the dish;nm<,ny has been classified in this way,. the
principle of lreiltm.-nt is the" in all three therapi<.-s.
rhe four main Qi imbalances are i)(oficiency, Excess, St.lgnation and hTCgularily. All Qi
disharmonies enn be classified in terms of these four main imb.lkmc('S or their
Deficiency is a Jack of enero-y, t:>ither in the body as a whole, or in specific organs, or
body pam. Stagnation is insufficient movement in or beh,een specific chaMels,
organs or parts. It is assodated with blocks or obstructions in the Oows of enl!rgy.
There may be Oefici('llcy of energy in front of a block and Excess of onorgy
behind it. Irregularity is disturb.tncc in the smooth flow of energy within
or between channels. organs or parts with asS<'>Ciated in physical
functions. emotions and behaviour.

Fig. 6.1 four m.t.ln Ql lmN!.JJ1t'ts.
Copyrghled m leria
E_'(.tmples of .tre shown In 6. 1.
ln,aJ.,..., liwrt
llyJvnttiW Uvf't
of' I lean Splrh
Rt-bti iJoOUt Qi
"""''liKJ!.b Stoo..l<h Ql
rough, btluru
fl".uful .1m:i'lih'
dimn"'"', lnii"'btluy.
NniA, hf\.!Nib, drcdm-dMuttd skep

nauo.ea. \UI'Iilln& hluJ"
Each of the few main imbalanre, can be JUOciJtrd , .. ;th
a group uf pulses as sho\'tn in T.1ble 6.2.
0.: fid t't'I('V
.,. .....

Pule 8fOUpt
t-mply, ch.ln. d"'PPY
rulf. lloo.l."J'
WW, htndt"l"((d

In tlus dltlpltr, tht ;rords tmpry. full, wiry 4nd '"fSUl"r will
bt ustd to indicalt thrir puiJt J!,'f"'ups. If llrt word
'tmpty' b uud. a.s i11 T ablt 6A and F;grtrt 6.2, for rxample.
il CD II hrdicutt any unt< iJj tlrr ,,,ur fmlsrs m tltt Drfocimry
For the four basic imbalances. the SJmc principles of
lre41mcrU .tpply whether the wcs 010.1punc
lure, ent.-rgy techniques ()( medit .. tion.
tonify Ddirit"ncy
MO'I.'C Stagnation
calm lrrl'gulouity.

ns. ,,! nw pulk' 51U\Jf"5 of tht: {o-.n !
The methods of tre.ltment using acupun<turc Q.n be
summarized iU rullows:

Rd. El. C. 8
Rd. E. M. C, 8
Rd (for with Ex'Ss)
E (for lrrcgularity with Ddicicncy).
Methods arr sho"'" in tnore detail in T.1blr 6 4.
fkasides the four imbalances of QJ, there arc the hnbal
anccs associated with Wind, Heat, Dryness, Cold and
Damp. each of whidl an be Exterior or Interior.
Wind rcpr('S('nts mo\'emmt and chansc and li Yang.
E"'tl'rior Wind results in .1cutc ExC'CS$ in the ol the
body. Interior Wind is lm..ogulari1y an b.. .wod
ated \\ith Ex=s. e.g. U-er Fi"' or D<fldtncy. o.g.
Def1Cient U\tr Blood.
lieat i.' Y.1ng dnd incn:ases and is therefore
more likely to be .1ssodated "ith lrn.--gularity than
nation. He.1t C.ln be associated with St.tgnation
as in Uver-Gallbl.ldder D.m1p Heat, or wh\'n the Heat is
with of Phlegm in 1he Lungt. 14cat
c.:m be assodJtc.-d with either Deficiency or Exo.. "Ss.
Drym.'SS m11y originate from Excess Heal p.ntf."mS or be
associated \\ Ocfident BJood or Dcficicnl Yin. II is itwlf
a Deficiency p.11h.m representirlg " lbek or nuids.
Cold 11 Yin .1nd ori.giMte from E;\terior Eu<SS of
Cold or (rom lntt"rior Dc6cient YMg. ln itsclf. 1t slo\.""$
and tends to c-ause Stagnation of Oi and Blood.
Damp i Ym, whcth('r it originates from Excii.'Ss
of O.tmp ur lnlcrior Od idc-nt Spleen and Kidneys. 0Jmp
is ht>avy i'lnd lingering and is .. 'il with Slagu a llosl.
Exterior Wind is and lntc:rior Wind is c.Jimed.
In i( the origin of Interior Wind li &CC!'S.). this is
o( D<fooency. thi> i3 tonificd.
htt:rior Hc.,ut or E;'(ccss I are and
for 1hterior HeJt, th" Ht'.lt d dtsptorst'\1 and
Yin iJ tonified.
For Exl<.'rior Dryness, the \\
ind is dispersed ;md if
Yin is toni6ed.
For Interior tonify Yin.
Exterior Cold, Excess Cold dispersed, ;md for
fnterior Deficiency Cold, the Cold is dispersed and the
DeficiC'nt Yang is tonificd.
Exterior or Interior Damp mus t dispeJs.t.--d Jnd the
asK'IC'iated Stagnation moved, and if tlw Interior Damp is
based on Dcf'lcicmdC's of SpleC'n and these must
be tonificd.
There :ue six combin:Hions of the four main imbJlrmccs .lS
shown in Figure 6.3:
Which principle of trcJtmcnt is emphJsizcd. will dC'pcnd
on \\' hkh of the two imbaldnt'.es in a combination is
dominant at a particular time. For examplt>, for the
cumbination of Exc<.'Ss ;md Dcfici<"ncy. it is not possible
for full Exces5 and full Deficiency to exist in the :H1mc
organ at the same it is commcm for Excess
to domin.1tc in the acute phase during an attack, whilst
Defickncy dominalt-s in the chronic phase bctwt..-cn
attacks. 1:or example, during the ;u:utc phast> of violent
hcada,hc, disperse the Exct::s-s Liver l;irc; Jnd during
dm.,nic phdst:, tonify the Ddicicnt Liver Yin on which the
temporary is. b.ucd.
/ lrro51ularity
Irregularity lrtegularitv
Excen ... Deficiency
'"gul.,;ry \
SlaQnMion Stagnation
.,. Excess Ooficioncy
'-.._ Sll..,.tlon __..-/
As another for a <Xlmbination of Ddicient
Lung Qi with StJgn<lnt Qi, it is possible to us.c some
points with Even or Rl.'<lucins method to tnO\'C lhl'
S1ag.nant Lung Qi. e.g. CV. 17. BL.13. whilst :.t the same
time reinforcing other points to tonify th<> l uns Dd'i
dency. S LU.9 and ST.36.
The organ syndromes can bt> classi fied into the 10 catego-
ries of Ddidcncy. E."ccss, StJgn.1tion \lnd lmgularity and
lheir six combinJtions as sho\' ' " in can be seen
from 1he table that the Kidne)'S tend to Oefidency and fr-
regulari:y ;md not so much to Excess. liver and the
are espt."Cially prone to patterns of Irregularity. due to
the disturbance .lssodated with Heart Firl!', Liver Fire, Hy-
pcrJctivc Uvcr YJng. or Uvcr Wind rising up t.he body,
causing Disturbance of He.ut Spirit.
The four b01sic imbabnces and their sh: combination...; are
summ;uized in T.1blc 6.4.
Acupuncture as a th'rapy has a self-n.1)ulating effL'<'t on
the body, so for a ny acupuncture point .. the insertion of a
nt>t'<Ut.. will ttnd to tonify if thc:re is Deficiency. disperse if
is Ex<.-ess, if is Stagnation, or calm U
there is Irregularity. However, some point types tend to
have more specific eff&ts. For example, Source points are
most used to tonify ;md AcaJmulJtion points are most
uSL"<i to disperse Jnd n1ovc. Table 6.5 summarizcs the
main uses of edch point type.
r.1ble 6.6 takes the Conception channel as an example
to show how the different poiniS on 01 chan.nel can be
used in different
The .:on1..--ept of che four nlain Qi imbalances, De(kienq.
Exccss. Stagnacion and lrrcgulo1rit y, is most useful in
understanding the origins of diseases. It is helpful i.n
understanding the dinical applic-aUon.s tlf the five Ele-
ment (Chapter 9). and it is essential in extending
the r.J.ngc of usc of the ExtT;l ch.m.ncls (Chilptcr 10). Jt ca_n
illuminate an undcr.;tanding of the treatment of p$)'c.".hO
Jogital di5:0rderS, sin- the mind and emotions can be
seen JS Qiflow phenomena.
Copyrghled m Jeria
6..3 Cl.u&<'Olltion ulthe
l mb.,.ancc Lunp Kidneys Unr llurt
O.f.LU Ql Dw!f.KI jtng Ol'l.LR Blood O.f.HT Qi Qi
Od.LU )'in Vd.KI Qi D<f.U<GB Qi DcUIT mood Ocf.ST Yin
Dc:f.LU Dt!.KI Yin Ot-f.HT l''m Ocf.SP YAng
Orf.KI Y.-ng: [)(ofJ.IT
EXC'e$1 LU Firt> l.R-CB Fitt' HTflre ST fh<o
St<lgtldtklt\ SLLU Qt StKI Ql St.LR Qt St.HT Ql 5<.51'-ST Ql
St.LR BttW St.liT Blood
I nq;uLI rity R<b.UJ Qi K'l 1..-Ar HT fi)'PI.R Y11ng Dbt. of ..., 5T Qi
LR Wi nd UT Spirit Rcl>.SI' Qi
\1.n V;ing \ 'i.n Df.tHT Yift Od.SP 'l'tu'8
+ lU + O.amp + LR Fire .,. HT Fire D.tmp
lrrt"gul rity Reb.t.U Q; "' LR Wind ()jst. of Hl Rtb.ST Qi
. """""
of PhlcgD' ln tl: LR Fue Spirit 1-rT Flh' + ST Rh'
lnq;u.l.t ri ty R.b.LU Qi fear ditturb$ l-IT
OUt. oil-IT R<b.5T Qi
Drbonc) ._ lkl. LU Qi r>eua QJ - .LR Blood Spi rit Od,HTQi tDd'SfQi
ll'f\?'Sularl ty Rt>b.LU Qi H)'p. I..R Yang l>ist. nl Ht Qi
"' SLISJI.Uion St. l.U Qi t !)t.I..R Ql Spirll + St. HT Qi St.ST Ql
. """""
Rfk'ntion of Phkgm in LU LR-C8 txunp HC'.t: Phlegm Cold [n HT Damp In SP
Stputiun St.Qi St.KI Qi St.LR Qi SLiiT Blood St.SP-ST Qi
O..f,LU Qi Dr.f. KI Qi Ocl.LR Yo1ns Dcl.HT D<f.SPST Qi
Ot"f . Sc_ Reb .. R-bellious: Hyp .. Hypt-ractio,.-e: Dlst.,
U Sumnury (If the 1M lmbal.uw'eS
frindplt ot
Mtchod of Enm:plt Eumple Point combirulion
tyndromt Aillntnl

tonify Rf M OM. Kl Qi imp:ltt'nno CV.4, CV, 20, HL23,
ST.36 Kf M
F.xn'tl:t full Rd. EJ. C. B LR Fire! G\'.20, KJ.l. LR.J Rd;

mo''" "'-iry
Rd, E. El. M. C. 8 5<. I.R Qi d.,......, CV.6 EM; CV.Ii', PC.6.
lR.J Rd
lrft'gul.tnty t".t!m int' Rd, E Rri-1. Ql nat15('.a CV. H , f'C,6, ST.J6 F.

empty or Ri, M Oe1. LR Yin <oniunctl vitb sr.6, u u Rf
F.x""" fuU Rd. EJ. C, B LR Fife G8.1 GO.JS Rd; LR. IB
olm .,
irK'S'll.lT Rd, F. of tn Spirit nuni.1 .md CV. U, IIT.7, SP.6 E Rd
... d.,..,. to full Rd. FJ. C, 8 HT Fiw anxletr HT.8, KU Rd !rre,;ubr Rd. E Hr fear ;ind CV.H, f'(;_.6, HT.7 Rd
Otfidmcy tonify empt)'
R(, M ()rl.KJ Q; .lppl'l'ht"nsion CV.4, KI.J, ST. l6 R1 M
ID0\'1.' t wiry Rd. E. fl. M. C. B Rl'tCTitKm ot Phlq;m <hronic CV.I7, LU.I, LU.6 Rd; 81..13.
full Rd. 8 Cold in LU bronchili SVoORd M
lmgul.trit)' <:aim ,. in-eg:uJM Rd. E Hrp. LR Y11ng ptt'l'nen.Sirual C\'. 20. C8.20E

1- wi ry Rd. f. FJ, M, C, 8 Sc. LR Qi S)'ndtome- LK.2, I..R.l4, SP.6 Rd

0\(1\'(- .. wiry Rd. E. D. M, C. 8 St. J-IT 6Jooc.l ngin11 ptori5 CV.I7, SP. 4 Rd M; SP.21,
... Dcfkienc:y tcnify "mpty Rf . M Od. HT Yang PC.6 Rd
cv .. sr.l6 Rf M
PuN! l'f'fn h) dw pulse sroup. se.! p. oot tht> indl\!idual qu,iJ!ty.
Pd ... .... RA:ob .. llyp . IIYJ"-'I'<tive; D41t .. Di.-.turb..ula:.
Rf .. Rcinf<m:ing.: Rd,. Rrducing; E. E\'t'n; M, mo .. B. bktding; l. C.
Cvpyrghlcd m lcria
Poial trr- Point UM
Od!d<ft<)' Eu ... Slllf'.tllo
Sou ... X
Connc'<'llng X
AtcuMul.1lk11\ X

Wdl 1 X Trra;ponlns X


' '
Wmdow ol ltu\'l'n X
X. ptmlt)' UH; JC. Sft<'Onlllry \H.
6.6 CLaililboon of Conreption point
rolnl IYJMI
CV.I 7


Point uu
Excu SlAgtl.tllon
1 X

CV.4 C'4n for thlt Jt NW'\1 on Oi>fkwncy,
tJnce CV. 4 con toniC)' the undetlyln& Dftldtnty.
X.. prllntry u_,.; x. M!roncL.ry wco.
WICII!SCY. F.XCESS, ST AC'IA 110:-1 . ..m> lllRf.CULARITY i
The of 1he Four Imbalances spifir.lly
designed by ihc author 0\S .t system of dlff<>rt'nti.ltion to
integrate i\cupuncture. energy work and ml'<liliHion. The
same principle or n-eatment applies in (>il(h r.uc.
For cxomplc, (or a patient where lrrc.ogulr.rity of
ment in the ht:-ad is associ.ated with sn6dt.ncy ()( the
Kidneys. the principle of treatment in e.lCh o( thi" lhrre
thcrapit"S is to tonify the 0.:6ciency .md to c.Jtm the
lrrq;uJrit)'. Acupuncture treatmenl con do lhls "lth
CV.4, Kl.l, ST.36 Rf; CV. 20.Kl.l Rd. The p<><buoner an
lh<n <nh<Jn' lhe effl'<'l of lhe .>CUpunelun> by using
en"'J!Y 1\ Ofk (Qi Gong} firstly IO st....,gthm lhe Dan Tian
centn, and then to sink energy down in the body to
relieve in the head. Tile p.lliml cJn then be
gi ven spt.ICiRc meditation whk h s trengthen Kid
ncy cnC"rg)' .1nd lht' distribution o ( m the
111 "
How to make effective
Hlnesses tend to have one or more u.nderlying cause, S.m, l.lnd one or more external
manifestatitln, Bi:.o. For example, a common cold may have underlying Deficiency of
Qi, &n, with ouhvi)rd signs of f!xt(' rior \\' ind, Biao, c.s. and chills. The
underlying Deficiency of Qi, the cause, l.lllows the lnv4sion of Exterior Wind, the effect.
question In forming a point combination ls when to tr('at the c-Jusc and whtm
to treat the There are various possibilities:
treat effect only
treat c3usc only
treat CllUSl' thcn effect
cJfect then cause
treat cause and Simultaneously.
This is usually only done when the i'ff'cct is Exterior nud is dominant to the cJ usc. For
ex:amph:., when there is Wind Cold in\'asion with only mild underlying Deficiency of
Qi. so that this Deficiency will be corrected by the body itself. \\ithout further
treatment, once the Exterior Wind Cold has been expelled. with lU. i Ll.4 Rd.
This is rare in the clinical experience of the author. since most of his patient"s h,we had
chronic underlying Defkiendes which needed tonifying. after tht> Exterior factor w.1s

II both rouse and elf eel arc Interior it is more common to tre<tt them succt:t'$ivcly or
sirnul taneously. rather than treat the effect only. For e)tample, if there is insonulia f-rom
DcfidMt Heart Yin, an micin for insomnia can used at lh e s.lm(' as HT.3 for
Deficient Heart Yin.
This is not used for Exterior conditions. since the Exterior factor must be expcl1<-d first.
It may be enough In some internal problems to treat the root only. For example.
CV.4, ST.36, Kl.3 Rf M for an underlying condition of De6cicnt Kidney may
relieve the symptoms of tiredness and impotence. HO\\'Cvcr, point:; arc
Copyrghled m leria
50 'rHf.ORF.11CJ\L OF f'OI Nf
often needed to tnMt symptoms, CSP\'cially if these arc
local. e.g . C"old hands SP.2 .1nd PC.S Rf M can
then <"tddcd to points (or the
Tltis is r.m: in Exti.rior conditions, the: Ext<:rior
is usually c-x}X'JI ('\J tlrst lt .1lso uncommon ln llllerior
condl:ions. since :he Interior ,,nd lntc.rior effect Me
often togclhc1.
This is ver)
common for illnes!ies when there is a chronic
l meri or c-c.mdition, with ()Ctasional more seven.<W.'i
tions, ;and also for illm.'$SC'S where the effect i!P SO ll rl)Cn t
it must be d('alt wilh hllllledi.Jtdy.
Chronic Interior plus acute Exterior
For t>xamplc. a chronic Interior condiHon of Deficient Qi.
with tiredn('SS, Ot.:ty ,lllow Exterior irw.l5ion by
Wind Cold. with intl ucnu. During the .tcute ph.JSC. the
influl'M:a. the C't'fcrt is treated by expelling !h(' Wind Cold;
during thc <hronil.' phase, th(' ,,,use is treated tonifying
the QL
chronic phase acute phase
(between attacks) (durins ntt<"te:ks)
e.g, Odkicn! Kidney ,md e.g. Wind Cold invasion
Lungs \\'Hh tiredness and with
t"("duccd resistM'ICC to inftion
CV.4, CV.!7. LU.9. Kl.3. CV.H, LU.i, Ll.4 Rd
ST.36 Rf
Chronic lnterior plu) acute Interior
For <'X.,mplc, Dcfldcncy of Sple-tn Qi m.1y result in
Spleen not holding the blood. \\'ith severe haemorrhage.
The acuh': eficrt must be trc.Hed fi rst, for ('xamplc. with
points such .1s SP. J and SP. IO Rf M. Once the bk>eding
h..,s stopped, the of Qi that c.-. used it, and th.:-
Deftcit:-ncy of Ol ood l'\'Sulting from it, can be !redted with
points such s BL.17. BL.20, BL.H R( M.
'fhis is not used for Exterior problems, since the Exterior
fJclor must cxplllcd first. It is. howcvt.'r, !he
L-'5.1 method of lre.lting Interior problems. For example, a
headache assodat('d with Hyperactive Uver Yang may
h.we an underlying c-ause of Ocfident Kidn ey Qi. CV.4
nd K1.3 JU M for tho Deficient Kidnov cn bo used
simultanoously with CB.34 and CB.20 Rl for th< Hyper
acti\'e !Jver Yang.
Of!('n, between JliJcks. J is selected thO:t is
for treating the but with a few
points to treat the For example, for headaches after
mcnstruo1.tion due to Dchcicnt Blood, bctwc-cn att.,cks, the
combination could be;
Bl.l i , BL.20, BL. 23, BL.43 Rl M; GV.20 E
In this combination most points .. uc for Dd lclcnt Blood.
but thC' CV.20 i s added to hannoniz' the movement of Qi
in the head. During attacks. the combin.1tion could lw:
CV. 20. CB.20. yin tang. U.4 E; 51.36 Rf M
the mnjority of points arc for the> acute dfect, but
ST.36 is 10 lt Nt th(' und<.tlying Cdti.S(' .
The relati\'e number of points inch1ded h.l treat cause
and to treat cHcct, will depend on the- dominance
o( l'.lusc tt!ld cl(C(,' 't at Jny gi\'Cn time.
This st><Lion a discussion of:
Ah Shi, local, adjacent and diStal points
chains of points
single points
encircling an "rra
points on Yin and " '"S channels
combining .tccording to the Six Divi!>ions
points on front .'\lld b.1ck
point .1nd energy centr es
points olboVL' ilnd below
points right and left
common ((mnulas.
This system is especially useful for local problems and
'hannt>l problt'ms. Tite prindpJe is to us( Ah Shi points.
adjace-nt and local and distat point$ on the affected
Ah Shi points
These are points in the affl'Ctcd area, whic:h arc painful on
Copyrghlcd m feria
ISBN D-443-DSDDb-b